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?TO THINE OWN SELF BK TUUE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS THE
IIOB'T. A. THOMPSON & CO.
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PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C. SATURDAY, JULY 27, 1801.
NIGHT THE DAY, THOU
op o E rr PL Y.
[from tho.Oharleslon Daily News.]
BY MUS. 0. A. HALL.
IS AKBWHIITO Tili: SRNTIMKNT WHICH ll AB HEKN EX?
J'ltKSSEH OP LATE UV MANV, "WK SUOl'LD rOllOKT
. TliK PAST."
Cnn the mother forget the child of her love,
,tVIto was into her tenderest henri strings wove,
Who lisped his first prayer her knee beside,
And grew to manhood lier joy and pride?
Can sho look over his early grave,
And forgetting thc canse he died to save.
Think of tho past, as it ne'er had been ?
Those years in her thought are too fresh. 1 ween :
Forget ? Xever.
Can the father forget his first-born son,
Who, eve bia boyhood was fairly run,
Shouldered bis musket ?nd left his side,
And for love of his country fought and died?
Think you Oblivion's waves can roll
Over a parent'e stricken soul?
Oh no; the past? with it's waves of blood,
Surges his heart Uko a mighty Hood.
Forget ? ;Y( iw.
Can thc sister forget the brother beloved, .
Who with her through the hauntsnf childhood roved;
Can she think of the wound on his manly brow,
Which laid hts proud form foreveV low?
And can memory be a thing of nought.
And tho years with such fearful anguish fraught,
)te unto her as they ne'er had been?
Oh no; they, will ever he fresh ?nd green.
Forget ? Xever.
Cati the maiden forget the noble youth
.Who hud .pledged to her his loveatu.1 truth?
fan the wit?* lorget the humbsuil tried, *v"
Who for love ol his country left her side?
Can the stricken orphan dry lier tears,
And think no niore-of those vanished years ?
Dark year's of terror, of death and woe?
Their blooding heart's cry no; oh no.
Forget ? Xever.
Can any true .Southern heart forget.
While our land with blood ami tears is wet ?
"While tlte mother's, the widow's. I he.orphan's wail,
ls bonus io our cur* from hill'atol vale t
While our homestead in nshes round us lie.
And tor bread our starving myriads cry?
While he. the bend of our fallen cause,
'Gainst Mercy's plea, and J loner's laws,
Fines still within his prison walls,
And justice iu vain for hi's freedom calls?
Forget ? Xever.
Time may bring healing upon his wings.
May bind in our hearts the shattered strings:
Forgiveness of injuries yet may come,
Though oppression be felt in each Southern home:
Hut a#k no more: Thc terrible past
Must over bc ours, while lifo shall?Inst :
Ours, with its memories5--ours, with its pain,
Ours, with its best blood plied like rain
Its sacrifices,-all madeiu vain.
. forget ? * Xever
[From thc Anderson Intelligencer.]
Letter from Mexico.
We have, the pleasure of presenting our
readers the following lotter from an esteemed
fellow-citizen, Col. KLAM SHAUPK, who is at.
present in Mexico. His views and comments
upon thc condition, climate, soil ?md advanta
ges of that country, and the inducements to
emigrate thither, will bc found interesting.
The letter was not intended for publication,
and we have to rctnrn thanks to another friend
for tho pleasure of it? re-production :
COHDOVA, MEXICO, March 16*, 18G6.
This is thc most beautiful country in sonic
respects, I hove ever seen. Our days aro such
ns you Inivo in the month of May ; the nights
aro cool, and wo sleep under two or three blan
kets every night. Wo have nil thc tropical
fruits in abundancoj thc ticos are all green
and a good uu>ny flowers, and any amount of
birds, und such caroling and singing 1 never
heard. Wo have all kinds of vegetables in
tho tnarkot?h.it I oversaw in the Charleston
market, alijj a gretit.pinny more that I do not
know-green corn, pea's, beans, lettuce, rad
ishes, potatoes and t?mateos,'cto., and yet, just
above us, we have a most beautiful mount-tin,
J 8,000 feet abovo tho sea, with its* top always
w'lite With show. , Jt i.* tho most beautifuj
aight I ever paw. ?Sugar cano grow? front
twelve to fiftcorj feet high ?nd has only to bo
planted ouco iii niuo years'; oridihey nre grind.
jug it all thc year round. (Joffoo grow? very
lindy mid produces 1 \ pouud.s to.tfie tree
when four years old. Tobacco grows we)) also
the rule is to plant com, and when it is prut rn
j well grown, to plant tobacco between the rows
land when thc tobacco is pretty well grown
j and "ready to gather, plant corn between tin
I rows, thus irfaking three crops during the year
the lands aro very rich. This is the dry sea
son, and said to be the wannest weather w?
have. The wells here arc about sixty feel
deep; there arc sonic running strennis bul
very few. Wc have had two or three good
showers since I have Keen herc, the rainy sea
son will commence in Mt#V. Thc lands arc
exceedingly thickly covered with bushes, vinct
and shrubs; it costs live dollars, an acre Jc
clear them. There is a good deal of stone
upon the ground ; the timber is generali)
small, but in some places is sufficient LnV C1'08S'
ties fur Railroads. The whole country bears
evidence of laziness and neglect, and thc coun
try is all overgrown for thc want of work ;
there are the ruins of large haciendas all over
t?ie country, some of which must have cost
000,000 dollars ; these haciendas arc cultiva
ted now in spots by thc natives, who pay thc
proprietors certain rent; they contain from
one to two thousand acres and '?nu bc bought
for about four dollars per acre, paying one-fifth
down, and waiting four or five years for thc
balance ; these arc considered better than flic
Govert ment lands. Thc Government lands,
about 60,000 'acres have all been taken up
hore, even faster.than they can bc surveyed.
There arc hundreds of emigrants coming herc
every day ire tn thc .States of the very best
people; some ol these arc disappointed, while
others are delighted and settling down. This
u a fixed fact, and a largo and superior colony
Ls settled herc noW; there will bc good Amer
ican soeict}' herc in a. short time.
Carlotta is about, eight miles from herc, all
in the bush yet; it will bc some time before
any one can live there with any Comfort. (Jen.
Trice and Gov. Marris arc at this place; they
have laid it out and named it in honor of thc
Empress. It is very difficult to build a frame
house out here, there having been no saw
mills ; one or two are now being put up; ev
ery one seems more anxious to get their lands
op ;n for cultivation than anything else. The
country is a vast wilderness and abounds in
ruins of former wealth and grandeur. Thc
natives live in huts built of bamboo and cov
ered with straw ; thc higher class live in
houses built, of stone and lime, OT cement.
Some of thc Indians work well, and you can
hire them for fifty cents per day, finding them
selves. They have the'liest staging and wag
niiig here 1 ever saw. The Railroad will be
lu*rc in about eigWecn months; it is about.
: f cen miles frrmi here. This place is about
2,850 feet above thc sca? I went up to town
fifteen milos above here; it contains 25,000
inhabitants, nineteen run of mill-stones, three
or four fine flouring mills, and a larjre cotton
factory with 14,000 spindles and 800 looms.
! lt is in a valley, amidst thc mountains, and
0 ic of the most wealthy places I ever saw.
The city has fourteen fountains spouting up
in every.quarter;of the city, and a constant
running st ream in tho middle of thc street,
and thc streets arc all finely paved. I would
rather live herc than any place I ever saw if
there was American society, but it has but
four or five American families. This is 4,000
feet above the sea, and has all thc tropical
fruits ; this is thc land of fruits and flowers.
Horses "and cows a?c used hore all thc year,
eating iud tiing but grass. Taking all together,
this is the strangest and most beautiful coun
try I e^cr saw ; one can work out hero with
pleasure morning and evening, but hot in thc
middle of thc day ; no flics or musquitocs as
1 have sceu, and not many insects or reptiles.
H's. "surveying has taken him into a very
wild country, fifteen or twenty miles from
herc, where ho had tho tiger, panther and
wolves around their camp; they were near
to a camp of Liberals, and wero afraid to fire
their guns for fear they would bc taken for
French spies. We take no part in politics,
and tho Liberals do not object to our coming
I here; wo have not had any difficulty with any
j of thom; there arcsomo robberies committed
i on the roads sometimes. There is plenty of
j dcor and partridges and different kinds of
?,gamc herc. A person can live herc (cat) for
thirty-five couts por day. Hotels charge Ono
dollar and fity cents per day. If a man will
work herc he ought to make 1,000 dollars
a yo?r. 1 am sure it can bo done.
iWw for thc objections to tho country. Those
people arc ss mean as they can be as a general
thing, and as lazy as they can bc. .Nine
tenths of tho people nre Indians and*look lik
the Indians you see about Pendleton. Yo
have to learn thc language of the conn tri
You can have no association^with tho natives
their religion does not suit us. The fen
of the instability of thc Government,' but
do not fear much on that oseount, for let wha
Oovcrnnien tthcre may be,within thc America!
colony, we will be able to Imc a vast inftuenc
and can protect ourselves. I am of opinioi
that there will be one thousand families her
before eighteen months. Many persons ar
disappointed because their preconceived no
tions arc not fulfilled; I expected to see larg
and extensive valleys such, ns we hove ii
thc States, with large and finely cultivntei
fields, but there is nothing of thc kind; th
country is table land, as level ns any one wouli
desire, but only opened and cultivated ii
patches; a great deal of stone on the land bu
not sufficient to interfere with plowing.
WHAT [INSTRUMENTS OF WRITING AIM
CHARGEABLE WITH STAMP DUTIES.-Th?
following letter contains an important rev
ernie decision :
Sir: The first internal revenue Act tool
effect,"80 far ns related to stamp duties, Goto
ber 1, J 802. Instruments executed and dcliv
ered prior to that date, though they may bc rc
corded afterwards, arc not chargeable witl
stamp du ti OB,
If any instrument, iuibjeet to stamp dutj
was issued nfter October 1, 18G2,- and prioi
to August 1, 18G4, unstamped, or insufficient
ly stamped, the appropriate stamp rony bi
affixed ju tho presence of the Court, register
or recbr?T?F, tis provided by section-m% of th?
Act of June aO, 18G4.
An instrument issued since August 1,18G4
unstamped, or insufficiently stamped, mn}
bc stamped by the collecter, upon payment foi
theproper stamp, and of a penalty of fifty dol
lars ; and Where thc amount of the stamp dntj
exceeds fifty dollars, on pay incut also .of in
terest on said duty at thc rate of six per cent
from the day on which the stamp shoold have
If the instrument is presented io thc oolloo
tor within twelve calendar months from its is
sue, the ?ollcctor is authorized to remit thc
penalty, provided it sholl appear to his satis
faction that the omission to stamp it was by rea
son of" accident, mistake, inadvertence, or ur
gent necessity, and without willful design tc
evade or delay the payment of stamp duty.
If thc instrument is n * nresented within
twelve calendar months, t..o penalty and j ri'?
tercst must bc paid to thc collector before he
c:in render it valid by affixing the appro
priate stamp, without regard to thc cause ol
thc omission to stamp it nt thc time of its is
sue. Thc commissioner has nopower to remit
Deputy collectors, unless neting ns collec
tors under section 80, baye no authority to
affix stamps or remit, penalties under section
Thc stamp to.be affixed to any instrument
is that required by the law existing at the
time when the instrument was made, signed
When an instrument is properly stamped,
under cither of said sections, the stamping
relates back to the time when the instrument
was issued, and renders it from thc beginning
as valid, to all intents and purposes, as if it had
been duly stamped when made, signed and
Thc whoh amount of penalties paid to col
lectors for validating unstamped instruments
should bc returned on foi m 58, with other
unnssessod penalties, and the money deposit
ed to thc credit of. thc Trcaury of the United
States with other collections.
A. E. K?M.TNS, Commissioner.
QUOTING SCRIPTURE.-Thc following is
fi o n tho " New York Day Hook :"
Senator Wale says in thc United States
Senate: "Wo can say with St. Paul, wc
have fought thc good fight. Would to God
you-wero able to say with St. Paul, also, that
you had u fiuishod your course."
KISSING AT ASCERTAIN AGE.-A cele
brated dandy was one evening In company
vJith a young lady, and observing her kiss her
favorite poodle, he advanced and begged the
liko favor, remarking that she ought to. have
ns much charity for him ns sho had shown to
the dog "Sir," said the belle,w< I never
kissed my dog whew he was a puppy.'
IlY DH. HALL, OF NEV YORK.
Experienced physicians in all countries ve j?
well know that the immediate ouse of a vast
i number of the cases of disease and death is
a " ?ohl ; " it is that which fires njnngazine of
human ills; it is thcspaik to gunpowder. It
w is to a cold taken ou a raw December day
that thc great Washington owed his death.
lt was common cold, aggravated hy the injudi
cious advice of a friend, which ushered ia
in thc final illness of Washington Irving. Al
most any reader can trace the death of som?
dear friend to a " little cold."
The chief causes of colds are two : first, cool
ing oft' too soon after exercise j second getting
thoroughly chilled while in a state of rest
without having boeu overheated. This latter
originates dangerous pleurisies, fatal pneumo
nias, (inflammation of thc lungs) and deadly
fevers of thc typhoid type.
Persons in vigorous health do not bake cold
easily. They can do with impunity what
would be fatal to thc feeble mid infirm., Dys
peptic persons take cold readily, but.they are
not aware of it, because its force does not full!
on the lungs, but on thc livrer through thc
skin, giving sick headache, and close qucs
: tioning *w 1 soon develop the fact of fi< me
I unusual bodily effort followed hy cooling off*
A person wakes up some sunny morning
and feels as if he had been " pounded in a
j bag." Every joint is stiff, every muscle sore,,
and a single step cannot bc taken without
difficulty or actual pain.. lleflection will bring
ont some unwonted exercise, and a subsequent
cooling off before knowing it-ns working, in
?he garden in the spring timo j over exertion
tibout?thc Ii?*?? work.;* showing new servant?
" how to do;" in going a "shopping," an ex
pedition which taxes the mind and body to?
the utmost-?these and similar " little noth
ings" rouse women's minds to a pitch of in
terest and cxcitemsnU scarcely excelled by
that of counsellors ?>f state in determining the
boundaries of empires or the fate of nations, to
return home exhausted in body, depressed in
mind and thoroughly heated. The first thing
done is to toss down a glass of water to cool
ol?vucxt to lay aside bonnet, shawl, and " best
dress." and lastly, to put on a cold dress*, lie
down on u hd\ iii n fireless room and fall asleep
to wake up almost certainly with n bod cold
which is to confine to thc ^chamber for days
and weeks together, and not unseldoui carries;
them to th* grave !
Tanners' wives lose health and life every
year in one, of two ways; by busy i ng( them
selves ir> a warm kitchen tutti! weary, and
then throwing themselves on a bcd or sofa
without covering.and perhaps ina room with
out fire j or by removing thc outer clothing,
and perhaps changing thc dress for a more
common one, ass ?>i as they enter the house
after walking or working. Tho ruh; should bc
invariable tn go-nt once to a warm room and
keep on all the clothing at least for five or ten
minutes until thc forehead is perfectly dry. In
all weathers, rf you have to wulk and ride ow
any occasion, do thc riding first.
A little attention would avert a vast amount
of human suffering in these regavds. ?Seden
tary persons, invalids, those in feeble health,
should go directly to a fire after all forms of
exercise, mid keep nil tho garments on for a
few minutes; or if in warm weather, to a closed
apirtmont, and, if anything, throw wi an ad
ditional covering. \Vh< ii ?o appreciable mois
ture is found on thc forehead thc out door
garments may bc removed. Tho great nile is,
cool off very slowly always after thc body lum
in any manner been heated beyond the ordi
Thc moment a man is satisfied he hos taken
cold let him do throe things: First, oat nothing;
second, go to bed, cover up warm 'in a warm
room ; third, drink ns much cold water as ho
can, or as bc wants, tis much hot herb tea as ho . .
can ; and in three cases ont of four he will be
almost well in thirty six hours; if not, send for
an educated and experienced physician at once, .
for any "cold " which does not pet " better"
within forty-oiojlit Jiours is not to be trifled
with nor experimented upon.
Ir is .something terrible when manhqdd
weeps ; its tears are like water wrung from '
the rook. The granite must be riven ero
TREY ave trying to find a young wan in Chi
cago .who is heir to ?nc hundred thousand dol
lars. Several yoump( ladies in other chic* arq .
/looking fw wie just like him. g .