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?TO THINE OWN SELF BK TUUE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS THE
IIOB'T. A. THOMPSON & CO.
iummMmnmt?i?fm*?m)?mm i m j '-_ ^ M I I - - rn Milli II I I I I i i n II irn?ri?. m.mi mniii
PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C. SATURDAY, JULY 27, 1801.
NIGHT THE DAY, THOU
. Who will Care for Niggers Now ?
TA*01>T ON WHO WILL CAllK FOR .MOTHEU NOW ?
List to me plantation niggers,
While I in dis mud hole lie,
Though I tool starvation's vigors,
Let mo say a \\ord and die.
Triggers, does dis loqk like frcedum,
1 can't see it any how ;
(Black's am fools, and white folks lead 'em,
But who cares for-niggcrs now ?
Look here niggers ; I am dying,
Seo thc death-sweat on my brow ;
Dis am frcedum; no msc crying :
? Who will care for niggers now ?
:?ome say niggers good as white folks,
Gizzard foot, and Hbo shin ; ?
Don't beliebe it ; tis a tight Joke ;
Handsome, but you can't come in ;
Well, you Ebod on old plantation,
Earning wid a sweating-brow,
Plenty cloth'**, and plenty rations,
But who caros for niggers now ?
White folks say dey give frcedum,
What devv gib ns is all my eye ;
Free to .suffer, freo .to languish,
Free to ?tarvo and free to die ;
No potatoes, corn cnUe,- bacon, ,
We must to starvation bow,
If dis is frcedum l's mistaken,
But. who cares for nigger* now ?
JS/EIB O ELLAN ScT.
[From the Columbia Phoenix?]
. Oath of Postmasters.
EXECUTIVE .DEPARTMENT, S. C.,
Columbia, May 8, 1806.
Sir : I have received information from the
Post Office Department that orders have been
issued to discontinue dbe delivery of mail*, nt
am early, day, at all -office?; in Ino State whore
there are no regularly appointed and commis
sioned postmaster*. Tin? order wijl subject
the press and thc business community to very
serious embarrassment, unless stepsarejprompt
ly taken to procure tho services, at each post
office, of such persons as cnn take the requisite
oath as prescribed by Congress, ? therefore
recommend that some person bc selected at
each office who can take tho oath and give
bond. Tho petition may be addressed to me,
nt Columbia, or to B. B. Vassal, Esq., Special
Agent of the Post Office Department, at Co
lumbia, where they will be .endorsed and
promptly forwarded to the Appointment Office
I append hereto a copy of the oath, and rc
flpectfully request that you give publicity to
this note. Very respectfully, &c,
JAM ios ii. mux,
JULIAN A. SELBY, Esq., Editor 44 Phoenix,"
a Jf-j being appointed postmaster nt
>-, State of South. Carolina, do swear that I
will faithfully perform all tho duties required
of me, and abstain from everything forbidden
by thc laws in relation to tho establishment of
post offices and post roads within thc United
States; and that I will honestly and truly ac
<5ount for and pay over any moneys belonging
to the said United States which may como into
my possession or control ; and I further sol
emnly swear that I have never voluntarily
borne anns against the United States since I
have heeu a citizen thereof j that I have vol
untarily given no aid, countenance, counsel or
?encouragement to persons engaged in armed
hostility thereto ; that f. have neither sought,
nor accepted, nor attempted to exercise, the
function/) of any office whatever under'uny au
thority, or pretended authority, in hostility to
the United Statos; that I have not yielded a
voluntary Support to any pretended Covcrn
ment, authority, power or constitution within
the United^Statcs, hostile or inimical thereto.
And I do further swear that, to the best of my
??nowled'je and ability, I will support and de
fend the. Constitution of tho United States
Against all enemies, foreign or domestic ; that
I will boar true faith and allegiance to the
?ame ; that I tako this obligation freely, with
out any mental reservation or purpose of eva
aion.j and that I will well and faithfully dis
charge tim duties of thc office on which I am
about tooter. So help tho (?od."
" Sworn before the subscriber,-, for the
-of 1-, this-day ?f-, A. D.
186-; ana I also certtfy that the person
above named ia above the ago of sixteen years,
to thc bosfo of. my knowledge and belief."
Thc person who takes tho oath should sign
his name, above the Magistrate's coi ti fica td
This certificate must have affixed a live ocut
revenue stamp, which should be canceled by
the person using it writing on it his initials,
and tlic date, per Act of Congress of July 1,
A' Magnificent Enterprise.
We have been shown a circular signed by. a
uumber of our most prominent merchants and
citizens, which has for its object thc carrying
out of one of the most important public en
terprises yet submitted to thc consideration of
It is proposed hythe signers to couvert the
square of the burnt district bounded by Meet
ing street, King street and llorlbeck's Allcv,
into, a public Garden, with pleasure walks,
shrubbery, fountains, tte., on thc plau of the
Palace Royal in Paris. It is also proposed to
surround the square with an elegant lire proof
Connected with the building and surround
ing the garden will he a noble collorjade, sur
mounted by a broad promenade.
The first floor of the block will be divided
into sixty spacious stores, opening on the
adjacent streets, and also on the collonadc and
public garden within.
Beneath these stores -will be arranged dry,
well lit and commodious cellars for storage,
The second . floor will contain forty-seven
elegant stores, opening on the promenade.
On this floor will also bc located a spacious
opera house, assembly rooms, cafes and other
places of public resort and innocent amuse
The third floor will be surrounded by ?i spa
cious gallery, abd will be appropriated to soci
eties and Masonic halls, academies of art and
design, dagucrrian galleries and other purpo
It ia proposed on the completion of the
building and grounds, to transfer the latter to
the city, in consideiation of their being prop
erly cared for. lighted aud thoroughly policed.
This grand movement is in the hands of
gentlemen who propose to form an association *
connection with the property owners for the
purpose of carrying out tho desigu. We
learn by the oireular that a number of lot hol
ders have- already come forward and placed
their ?nnds nt their disposal. Owners and
manufactures of building material have offer
ed the same at a fair vnluatiou, as contribu
tions to the enterprise.
We trust this important undertaking will
receive a ready and liberal response from our
citizens generally. The effect and influence
of the successful nconiplislinieut of such an en
terprise upon*the present and futura prosper
ity of Charleston would bo magical. Kvory
citizen who has at heart the publio good,
not only to the present but future generation,
should lend his assistance to the work. Such
a park would of itself attract thousands of
visitors from abroad. Wc hope, therefore,
that the project will bo pushed forward in the
most energetic manner.- Charleston Courier.
IMPORTANT LETTER FROM THE SECRETA
RY OVTHE TREASURY.-The following letter
from tlfft lion. Hugh McCulloch, Secretary
of the Treasury, hos been kindly furnished
us for publication :
May 2, 1806.
Dear Sir : Your favor of the 27th ult. is
received. All I cap do for thc relief of the
people of South Carolina in regard to the di
rect tax, luis already'been done. All sales for
taxes have been suspended until Congress
shall have an opportunity of acting definitely
upon the subject. I have no power to with
draw the Tax Commisioners, nor to suspend
the collection of taxes from thoso who aro not
able to pay them. What action Congress
will tako upon the subject cannot now be de
I did not say to Mr. Trescot that thc di
rect tax was not to bc paid, but' merely said
to him, what I now say to yod, that I had
deemed it to be proper, in the peculiar circum-'
stances of thc Southern people, to suspend all
sal es of property for direct taxes until there
had been ample ppportunity for a full consid
eration of the subject by Congress. Beyond
this, 1 have no authority to go. I am, very
? Secretary of the Treasury.
Ii, IZARD MIDDLETON, Jr., Esq., Chirlos
' to-h, ii C.
SLT.K ti virtuous mun /or your friend. '
? Important Decision.
Tho following case, says the Macon (Geor
giayMessenger," which came off at thc April
term *?f Sumter Superior Conrt, before his
Honor, Alex. II. Speer, will be read with
unusual interest. Thc points decided are
such as to oflect thousands of our citizens, and
giveSjOU thut account, a prominence to this de
cision beyond that which usually attaches to
a decision of tho circuit courts. Wc under
stand ?hut the case will go up to thc Supreme
James W. Armstrong vs. Columbus AV.
Hand. Complaint on notes for value of three
negroes sold in I860. Plea,- failure 6f con
sideration, and breach of covenant, etc.
In Sumter Superior Court, April term,
1800, Colonel Joseph Armstrong and Gen
eral Dowel Cobb, representing tue plaintiff,
Messrs. Hawkius and McKay for defendants;
Tho'fiicts are brionv these: Armstrong, plain
tiff, on thol)th of January, 1860, sold tlvjeo
negroes to defendants,- for a given sum, and
took their notes for tho same, aud now sues
upon these notes. Plaintiff warranted titles,
that they were slaves for life.. The defen
dant ploftd failure-of consideration and breach
of covenant of warrantry, Ly the abolition of
The court held thc covenant only warran
ted theititlc and status of the slaves, as the
Jaw then stood, and that.the act of, the gov
ernmentabolishing slavery, repealed the cove
nant. Thc plaintiff was, therefore, eutitled to
recover thc notes sued upon.
Wcpljpfrom thc " Fayetteville News" the
follovjjaj letter frjoni ex-President. Davin,:iq
response to one from the ladies of Fayetteville
enclosing a check for Mrs. Davis. He appre
ciates the sympathy which his countrywomen
feel for his family :
FORTRESS MONROE, VA.,
Mrs. ./. K. KyU) Fayetteville; N. C.
My Dear Madam : I have the honor to ac
knowledge yours of thc 14th instant, enclosing
a check to oe forwarded to Mrs. Davis, as a
present from thc, ladies of Fayetteville.
Sadly remembering how your homes were
desolated during tho war, I could not have ex
pected you, iu thc midst of the ruin, to be
mindful of the wants of those at a distance.
Nothing could add to my admiration for the
heroic, self-denying 'Christian virtues of my
countrywomen, for thc measure was full tc
overflowing. Nov could anything increase thc
gratitude with which.I. will ever recur to thou
confidence and sympathy, it only remains tc
assure you, and the ladies whom you represent,
that I am most gratefully and respectfully
your obedient friend and servant.
4 JUDGE SHARKEY, in his evidence before
thc Reconstruction Committee, says :
Mr; Alcorn, my colleague in the Senate
authorizes me to state that in the seven coun
ties he mentions, one county in particular, ii
labor could be had, a thousand freedmen coule
be employed at twenty-five dollars per month
. Q, In addition to thoir board ? A. Yes
sir; board them, and furnish them with sugai
and coffee, and give them twenty-five dol?an
a month over and above their board ; ho tok
me thr.t a thousand freedmen could find cm
ployment in that one .county jf they could b<
had, and I think that on thc Mississippi gen
erally-they are getting almost any wages thej
arc pleased tousle j I do not believe that then
arc now iii the State very littloH>ver innre thai
half^he number of freedmen that there wen
foymcrly of slaves; certainly not more thai
tw*tlrirds; they have died off in immens
numbers ; ? I should say that very little mon
than half the amount of land that was undo
cultivation before tho war will bo undor culti
. yatton this year. ,: .' .
- . - * -o
jt?jjTho receipts from customs, internal rev
enuc and miscellaneous sources, for the prep
e?t fiscal year, will bc over five hundred am
soventy-onq millions, and a half more than c
thc previous year.
. .. ? ---
j?2T The death of a Mormon bishop is thu
nnnouncod : tIo was thirty-seven y?nrs oh
and leaves an interesting family of cleve
wives and forty-sevon small children to moujl
his death. . , - v . # j?
WASHINGTON, April 27.-The var iou a .
Scheines now before Congress for depleting;
tho Treasury and adding to tho burden of thu
national debt, have disquioted Secretary Mc
culloch and some other .'prudent financiers.
The c Hort s which wore to be made towards
the ultimate extinction of the debt were bused
upon the supposition of retrenchment and econ
omy, and peaeo internal and external. The
Bounty Bill before Congress will require four
or five hundred million ; but it isa popularity
seeking and wooing measure for members who
care only to secure their re-election.
The Pacific Railroad Bill, now before tho
House, calls for sixty-nine millions to begin
with and hundreds of millions may not suffice
to complete it. This first instalment, as Mr.
Wushburne declared in thc House, takes off
the whole amount which was to be saved to
thc people by the proposed reduction of thu
amount of thc internal revenue. The propos
ed Ship Canal and now Freedmen's Bureau,
and Provost Marshal's Bureau, and a thousand
other projects, call for countless millions. All
these expenditures ure to bc met without ref
erence to such a condition of things in tue
eleven Soutbcru States, as will cn?ble tjieni
to contribute as largely as they did formerly
to the public revenue. This is a crazy Con
gress, At any rate, it appears to be reckless
of consequences. If it cannot carry the next
Presidential election, it must sink into insig
nificance, and it will fight for the maintenance
of its present and future powers, ut the hazard
of every ititerest of the country.
W \SIIINUTON, ?May 8.-The Senate spent
considerable tim/}, this morning, in the dis
cussion of a joint resolution for preventing thc
I introduction pf tb? ^holcvo. Tho legislativo op
I proprlatton bill :was" reported.
The House was engaged, to-day, in the dis
cussion of the constitutional amendment re
ported by the Reconstruction Committee, that
being thc special order for tho day. The
House refused to postpone the special order
and allow the consideration of the tax bill, by
a voto of 82 against 51. Mr. Stevens led
oft'in support of the Committee's report. He
said that only nineteen loyal States were.wan
ted to ratify the amendment, and he repudi
ated the idea that the views of the States
lately in rebellion should be considered in its
adoption. Several speeches, each of about
thirty minutes duration, were made on tho ?
i subject; showing decided differences of opin
I ion among- the radicals on the Committee's re
IPort- . _- ^ __- '
Ml?MlMIIS, May 2.-Some negroes in South
I Memphis fired on * citizen this morning,
wounding him and a ffnitc wmvan. Theshor
I iff, with a posse, attempted to disarm tho
negroes, but they fled to the.fort, firing ns they
ran. They' were driven from the fort this
evening, and s6ught the woods'. Puring tho
"excitement, seven negroes and one citizen
were killed and a few houses were burned.- .
The military have been under arms all day.
Up to this time, fifteen black and fr?w white
men have boen killed.
MEMPHIS, May 3.-Abont thirty houses
occupied by colored people., and all the.school
: houses in South Memphis, were pulled down
or burned last night. Ten negroes w^ro kill
ed during thc day. Everything is quiet this
morning. Thc negroes fled to the woods last
? night, but are now returning.
SUFFERING AMONG THU. NEGROES AT
I CHATTANOOGA.-Thc report of the superin
! tendent of tho freedmen at Chnttanooga, who
! has been pushing his investigations and in??
I king preparations for thc adyentof cholera,
! presents a horrible picture df thc squalor and
? and.wretchedness among thc freedmen in that
Ile first examined a cellar which contained
tho body of what was once a human being,
j now in thc hist stago ofidoconiposition. From
j its appearance death must have occurred a
' week ago.
I Thc second hovel contained a woman dying
! with small-pox, without attendance ora mor
I sci of food, in the house. He found a woman
I blind with ago and her daughter sick with.
small pox and in a simular destitute condition.
Tho report abounds with similar instances
of poverty, sickness and suffering.
JTlius far in thc curront fiscal year, tho na
tional Treasury re.ceipts from internal rcvenuo
havo been $2G3,9()0,309,ior monthly average
I of $26,886,030, which would make tho tsU?lo
year's iucoiue eqwsd tV $316,000,000.