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" To thine own seif be true, an<jl it must follow, as (he night (he day, thou can'st not then le false to any man'1
BY R. A. THOMPSON & CO.] PIOKENS C. H., S.'C, SATURDAY, JUNE 2, 1866. [V?L. I-NO. ST.
What is a Year.
What jg a year? 'Tia but a wave
On life's clark rolling sircom,
-Which is so quickly gono that we
* Account it but a dream.
"Tis but a Ringle, earnest throb
Of Time'B"5&ld^irou heart,
Which tirolessqsi ?ndi?trong as when
It first with life (TiU'Siart.
. What, is a year ? 'Tis but a turn
Of Time's,old brazen wheel,
Or but a pago upon tho book
Whioh deaf must shortly seal.
" . *Tis but a step upon thc road
Which wo must travol o'or ;
A few more steps and we shall walk
Lifo's weary rounds no move._
In ??larch last, his Excellency Governor Orr
addressed ri communication to the Executives
of all thc States of the Union, informing them
of the destruction of the Library of the Court
of Appeals, and of the Legislative Lilfrary in
Oolumbia, .by tho fire of February, 1865, and
requested them to send to his department du
plicates of all Statutes, Codes, Journalsand
h Reports of tho Supreme Courts of their re
From nearly all of tho States a favorable re
sponso was 'received, and the Governor has
had tho pleasure of presenting to thc Library
of the Court of Appeals one hundred and six
teen volumes. " .
in his letter to tho Chief Justice and Asso
oiate Justices bf South Carolina, his Excellen
cy gracefully observes :
Whilst I have the liveliest appreciation of
jtjie. generosity of all, the States to .whom, .mp
appeal was addressed', it is but an act Of JtisV
. $foo that I should specially refer to tho very
? /liberal offer fiom tho State of Massachusetts,
.of ninety volumos of Massachusetts Reports,
. ordered by special resolution of the Legis Ia
* ture of that State ; from the State of Virginia,
of forty-four volumes also ordered by special
resolution of the State of Virginia ; from Gov.
Cony, of Maine, thirty-eight volumes of Maine
Reports, and from Gov. Jenkins, of Georgia,
x twenty-six volumes of Georgia Reports.
. .These courtesies betwecu the several States
i of tho Union, embracing all sections, furnish
\ the best, evidcnco.of the restoration of friendly
feelings, an? commend themselves to our un
qualified, cc/m mend ation.
In. re'ply to this letter, Chief Justice Dun
kin writes as follows : *
.COLUMBIA, May 0, 1860.
Sir : Your communication to the Court of
Appeals, on thc subject of the Library, has
been received, and I am instructed by the
Court to.ex press to your Excellency their ap
pieoiatiou of tho prompt and efficient meas
ures adopted by you. Tho books already re
ceived constitute a valuable addition to the
We concur cordially with your Excellency
^ as to the manner in which your application to
the Executives of the several States was met
. and responded to. It is worthy of the spirit
whioh charaeterized oui anoi?nt relations, and
affords a cheering hopo of their entire restora
tion, i With groat respect, S
I am your Excellency's ob't. scrv't.
BENJ. Jb\ DUNKIN, Chief Justice.
It is proper to add here,'* that the liberal re
sponses from many of the States have not yet
bcon received, but tho arrival is daily expect
ed.- Columbia Carolinian, May ll.
PHILADELPHIA, May 19.-An immense
-Johnson meeting was held at tho Academy of
S .. Music to-night. Messrs. Doolittle and Cowan
J* addressed tho audience. The latter natu od
. among the supporters of tho President Ger\
erajs Grant and Sherman, also Messrs. Seward,
Stanton, Welles and other members of tho
Cabinet, which was vociferously oheorcd.
There was groat enthusiasm evinced through
out the meeting.
I'VHVTUESS MONROE, May lo.-It is un
derstood that tho Post Surgeon, in compli
ance with? recent instructions from,the Pres
ident lu?s ?made an official report of tho health
of. ox-President Jefferson Davis, in which it
is thought that his 'physical condition is not
mentioned very favorably. Ile urged a lesa
f rigid system of confinement, if his restoration
to perfect health is at all desired.
A NEcmo chili!,' born in Bedford., county,
the other day, with thrco heads, died.
Infamous Behavior of Negro Troops
The following facts are furnished by one ol
tho conductors of tho Memphis and Charles
ton Railroad, (Mr Fowler,) who obtained
them from another conduotor (Mr. Tighe)
who was himself an eye-witness of what is
here related :
Lnst Thursday week (April 19) about 150
negro troops were transported over tho Mem
phis aud Charleston Railroad from 'f/uscu m bia
to Huntsville. Before starting, many of the
colored soldiers loaded up their guns, Rnd, ou
the wuy, were constantly amusing themselves
by firing from T the windows of the cars, un
checked by their white officers, at any white
people that might como within raugo of their
vision. They deliberately fired at a man
ploughing iu the fields, between Courtland
and Decatur, but fortunately missed him. Rut
it was at' Leighton, a flag-station a few miles
west of Courtland, that they perpetrated their
greatest enormity-one of those now oft-recur
ring outrages which are so well calculated to
set on fire tho passions of Southern men and
make them perfectly ruthless in their hatred
toward, not only the orimioal negroes, but also
the bad white men who have deluded the ig
norant blacks in the belief that they are now
the ruling race, and that vengeance is a duty.
At Leighton, one of these black devils saw
a lady--j\lrs. Osborne King-standing on the
balc?ny of her residence, with her infant child
in her arms, about 150 or 200 yards from the
moving train, whereupon he raised his gun,
and pointing it through ono of the windows of
thc car, took deliberate aim at tho lady and
fired. The ball struck Mrs. King's thumb,
tearing otF the nai.l,^ passing on through tho
clothing of the ohild, and lodged in the fleshy
part of tho daily 's ?rrny wfljctijjg n.aovnio.nrMi
-most pat?TuXw?u?a. ~ After the perpetration
of this hellish enormity, a negro sergeant, who
was present in the same car, was heard to ap
prove the deed, and cried out, " Keep on
shooting, boys, if you want to; don't shoot at
anybody in particular, but keep on shooting.
'Twon't make any difference if you do kill a
few of the-seccsh." Tho white officers
of the train of course heard the shooting which*
was going on at intervals all the way from
Tuscumbia to Huntsville, but they made not
tho least effort to put a stop to it ; on the con
trary, they seemed to enjoy the sport.
Now, we would like to ask Gen. Thomas
and general every body-else who has authority
in this oountry, how long this sort of thing is
to continue uuwhipt of justice.
[Memphis Argus, A.th.
HISTORICAL FACT.-It ia a fact that the
Democratic party has always sustained every
incumbent of the Presidential ohoir who has
defended the Constitution, and the anti-Dcroo
cittts have heartily opposed all such. The
only three Presidents ever elected by the anti
Democrats were Harrison, Taylor and Lin
coln. Each died in the Presidential office,
and were succeeded by Vice-Presidents elec
ted by the same party. In each oase the antj
Democrats quarreled with the Vioc-President
because they would insist on being guided
by the Constitution-and they each, in turn
had to throw themselves for support on the
Democratic party. These-are significant his
torical facts. What do they teach ?
Nex Haven Register.
KILLING NO MURDER.-There has of late
been h controversy among several party jour
nals about the administration of Gen.^De
vens, who lins boen on duty since tho war in
South Carolina. Without referring to the
merits of this controversy we mention it to
?tato that it revealed a'very. strange circum
stance which ' occurred in General Devons'
command in South Curolina'. Lieutenant
Colonel Trowbridge, commanding the 83d
United States colored troops, put to death,
without trial, a man named Calvin Crozier
for the alleged murder of a private in tho
regiment, named Mills. After Crozier's death
it ilppears that Mills was not killed, and a
military court of inquiry has passed upon
Trowbridge's %conduct. Tho court acquitted
him of all blame, and Mills tho man said to
have been murdered, was in court alive a? the
time, had his wound examined by members
of thc court, and yet was novor oalled to tes
tify hythe Judgo Advocate of the oourt !
Gen. Devons roviewed il\e case, ona mnt it
baojc to the court to bo heard over ?gai - , but
the court persisted in its former opinion that
Trowbridge was free from all blame, and he wag
released frqrji arrest.- Philadelphia Ledger,
WASHINGTON, May 18.-In the Senate,
to-qay, Mr. Sumner presented the petition of
sunbry colored citizen's, asking that the second
clauao of the pending constitutional amend
ment be stricken out and one substituted for
it cteolariug that no Congressmen from th^
South be allowed to sit in the House of Rep
resentatives, who is not chosen by at least half
the loyal men, without regard to color. '
Ile also presented a petition for the trial ot"
Jeflerspn Davis by a Court Martial. In con
nection with this he said that tho trial of
Davis at Richmond, at thc present time, would
be ope. of those great comedies which would
heroftrt'er excite the derision of the world.
The position was referred to the Committee on
The business of tho House to-day was maiu
ly coufined to the consideration of the ?Tax
CONTRACTS PASED UroN CONVEDERATE
MONKYVOID.-We learn that tho buisnessof
the Supreme Court was finished yesterday.
The case of Humes, administartor of Stoner
vs. Wird, &c, was decided in favor of the com
plainant. A good deal of interest has been
felt in this case by persons who have been
dealing in confederate currency. Stoner bor
rowed'from Ward, in the early part of 1862,
about $12,000 of confederate currency, and
gave lift note for tho amount to Ward, and, to
secura the note, gave a deed in trust on the
lot on which is the Senate House, on Jeffer
son stteot. Tine flebt fell duo, . and was not
paid,'ind, therefore; the Trustee, advertised
and wis about to sell the house and lot. Sto
ner bemg dead) the administrator jx\e? a bill
?? ,eb$e?rv, ata&Hjti^
tho t?ot\? ana deed in trust were void, for the
reason that the consideration of the same was
confederate ourrenoy. The court held that
the note and trust deed were void, and ordered
the same to be cancelled, and the Trustee to
be perpetually enjoined from attempting to
sell the house and lot. The case was argued
by Messrs. A. M. Yerger and Henry G.
Smith foi* defendants.-Memphis Bulletin.
SEVERE HAIL STORM IN ABBEVILLE-We
learn that on the 17th instant av severe hail
storm passed over Abbeville District and in
flicted great damage to tho wheat crop, besides
materially injuring all other crops. We have
no tidings from other Districts, but presume
they have not been exempt from the visit of
the fell destroyer.
Between rain and wind, the young plants
have suffered to an unprecedented extent
throughout the South, and complaint comes
from East and West accompanied with the
expression of fear that the crops will all fal)1
short of thc estimate which has 'heretofore
gilded our anticipations.- Carolinian.
A SPEOIAL despatch to tho " Charleston
Courier," dated Washington, May 18, says :
The " NeW York Herald's" correspondent,
accompanying Generals Steedman and Fuller
ton, writes as follows :
"The Commissioners found the Freedman's
Bureau in South Carolina a disturbing and
fomenting discord. Accounts from the Sea
Islands represent the perpetration of all kinds ;
of fraud and rascalities undo/ the shadow of
the Bureau. The lands allotted under Sher
mans's order are universally left uncultivated.
The negroes won't laborx except under the
alternative of starvation. Affairs latterly,
however, are improving. *The great draw
backs in South Carolina are lack bf capital
and too much of the Freedmen's Bureau."
In tho House to day, tho Judiciary Com
mittee deoided that the evidence adduced to
implicate-Davis in the assassination is utterly
unreliable, and the ohargo is, therefore drop
The" bill for holding the Federal Court in
Richmond next June for tho trial of Mr. Da
vis passed both HOUHCS, and only lacks now
tho President's, approval.
SHINPLASTKRS.-Wo have seen an official
communication from the Treasury Department
at Washington, which d?chires that upon ev
ery shinplaster. the stamp tax of five cents will
bo exacted. (Any individual note is a shin
plaster.) The denomination bf the note will
make no difference. A five cents shinplaster
will pay five cents.- Carolinian.
DANIEL S. DICKINSON'S life was insure j
[From the London Daily To'ograph.]
Compliment to Gen. Lee.
At Lexington, in the State of Virginie, i?
a college which bears the name of the most il
lustrious citizen ever born in the Old Domin
ion, fertile as that pleasant land has been in
heroes; nor could George Washington him?
solf have wished that the collego erected in
his honor would have for Presidenta worthier
chief than the one who quietly entered upon
his duties just a fortnight ago. The new
President is still in the prime of manhood,
though already his hair and beard are grey ;
he^ has been long accustomed to command ;
he is familia? with hardships as with fame
has slept for months amid the woods of Vir
ginia, and has crossed tl)c Rappahannock
Northward at the head of a victorious ai my;
he has been proven alike by good aud evil for
tune, and, whether when threatening tba
Federal capital,, or when surrendering his
sword to a Federal <Captaiu, he has ever borne
himself as beseemed a man born alike by an
cestry and by nature. Tho depcendtnt of
" Light Horse Harry " has doffed the grey
uniform for the garb of a peaceful professor;
nor can we own that the change is a degrada
tion, even for Robert Lee.
There is a difference in this mode of action,
but uo alteration in the object, which is sim- .
ply to render the best service he can to hia
native State. To that single aim he has never
once been unfaithful ; and he will still pursue
it, we-may rest assured) with the bid high en
thusiasm .tempered by a cautions brain.
Throughout the war nothiug was more remark
able than Lee's personal influence-in the
manner tin which he impressed every one who
approached him. That men, with Jackson's -
-parity and caffeeBtnc?s, or wjth the deboirnaire
and graceful valor of Stuart, should appreciate
the illustrious qualities of their leaders, was
only natural ; but even the humblest soldiers
I in the ninjas felt,' though they might not have
j been able to express the moral- power which
"Lee' exerted. The war was, in all conscience,
sanguinary enough, but there would have been
a very carnival of carnage, a devilish outbreak
of all men's fiercest passions had the Southern
louder been of a different temper.
Gallantly os the Confederates fcraght, we
must never forget their armies were composed
of somewhat qupatiouable raw material ;
that the volunteers, with all the instinct of
bravery which seldom deserts a dominant
class, had likewise many of the vices which are
! inevitably engendered by the possession of ar
bitrary power. Accustomed to the unchecked
license of authority, the slave-holders might
perchance have been reudy enough to give tho .
war a character of internicine hatred ; and it
was eminently due to Robert E. Lee that the
courage and humanities of civilized warfare
were, on. tho whole, observed. The gentle
nature of the man never degenerated into,
weakness; with a high hand he could restrain
excesses, and admiringly did he exercise his
power. There arc no purer pages in tho his
tory of the civil war than those which relate to
his invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania, afc
a time when the temper of thc Southern peo
ple was sorely tried.
Such qualities as ho displayed could not |
fail, in the long run, to win tho regard of s>
manly and affectionate people; and while we
find that ho .was loved like a father by all those
I who shared his immediate perils, we have not
yet forgotten that when thc victorious vet- .
crans of the North were inarching home
through Richmond, they burst into a splen
did shout of enthusiasm as they recognized,
gravely con tenn pla ting them from a curtained
window, the familiar form and face of Robert.
"Tho old order changes, giving pl?cete
new, nod God fulfils himself, in many ways,
i To teach young lads their classics and mathe
I ma.tics may seem but a poor occupation for
one whose word was lately thc Supremo law
for a hundred thousand fighting men ; and yet
there need be no sense of humiliation involved
in tho delib?ralo acceptance of such employ
ment;. The new order is that of peaoo. For
a time thinnest thing that Lee could do waa
toset an oxamp?o of valor and virtue to the
whole manhood of tho South ; but not less
puro is the glory of one who, by honest and
patient; labor, prepares the young for that long
er conflict which fills tho whole length and
breadth of human life.
WHA*r is that whioh every one wishes to
I have and which ho wishes to get rid of aa
soon a* ho obtains it? A keejp apatite.