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?TO THINE OWN SELF BK TUUE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS THE
IIOB'T. A. THOMPSON & CO.
iummMmnmt?i?fm*?m)?mm i m j '-_ ^ M I I - - rn Milli II I I I I i i n II irn?ri?. m.mi mniii
PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C. SATURDAY, JULY 27, 1801.
NIGHT THE DAY, THOU
OVER THE RIVER.
Over-the Uiver they beckon td me,
Lo-ve'd ones who've y i.s-scd to th? other aide ;
The gleam of their an ?wy robes I see.
Hut their volees nr.- lost in tho dajhingtidc.
There's ono Wit li ri.iglets of sunny gold,
Ami oyes flic reflection of Heaven's own blue;
Ho erossed in the twilight gray and cold,
And the pale uiist hid him from mortal view.
We saw not th? angels who met bim there,"
Thc gates ol'tho t'ily wc could not see ? .
Over tho Uiver, over thc Uiver,
My biol lier stands ready to welcome inc,
Over the Uiver, the Houtman pale, ;
Carried oho'her-tho household pel ;
Her bright curls waved in the gentle gale
Darling Minnie, 1 soe her yet !
Sho crossed oil her b030111 her dimpled hands,
And fearlessly entered tho pliant - II bark;' .
We watched il slide from the silversands,
And all our sunshine grew strangely dark.
We know she is safe on tho otherside,
Where all the ransomed and angels be ;
Over the Uiver, thc mystic Uiver,
My childhood's idols ave waiting for nie.
For none return from HiOs6*qulot shores.
Who cross with thc Houtman, cold ano" pale ;
We hear thc dip of the golden oars.
Wo catch a gleam ol' thc snowy sail.
And lo, they have passed from our heart ;
They cross the s.roa.n and are gone for ?lye!
Wo cannot sunder thc veil apart,
-, That hides from our vision thc galets of day ;
Wc only know thal their barks no more
Shall sail with ours on I fe's stormy sea;
Tel somehow I hope on the unseen shore,
They watch and beckon and wait for mu.
And I sit and think when the sunset's gold
Is Hushing riverland hill and shore;
I shall one day stand by the waler cold,
And list to thc sound of the Hootnian's oar ;
I shall watch for thc gleam ol' his Happing sai ,
i shall hear thc boa! as il gains tho Mi ami. .
I shall paHH from sight willi tho Udo tm H n palo
To tho belier shore of tho Spirit Land !
I shall know tho loved who have gone before,-*
And joyfully sweet will tho meeting be
When over tho Uiver, thc peaceful Uiver,
The Angel of Death shall carry me!
O R I Q- I KT J?Xa .
FOR TH K K KO WUK COI.'Ul KU.
Singing Notes on tho Sabbath.
Mr. Editor : if it will not bo too much of
an admonition, wo would tfosiro to communi
cate to the people, through' your 'excellent pa
per, our objections to the common practice of
singing notes on Sunday :
lat. .Learning how to sing by learning notes
rcquiros close application and assiduous study,
which is an ordinary wv?>rk ; therefore, must
bc a violation of the fourth commandment,
where God says " ye shall do no work there
in."-Lev. 2:L1 chap. 0 v. Wo undera ta, nd
from tho sacred Scriptures, that wo may do
any work on thc Sabbath that could not have
been done on Saturday, nor cannot be put oft
'till Monday. . .
Singing notes wo. regard as theoretioal.
When we meet togethor on the holy Sabbath,
wo should when wo sing attend tr the practi
cal usc of that beautiful part of worship
" singing with the spirit and understanding"
of the saored and very often divinely inspir?e!
words. Learn now in the week-day, and thci
sing on tho Sunday.
2d. Our observations-, aro ns follows, via
1st. A spirit of l?vity-the preacher or speak
or must bc a novel preacher or speaker, if lu
interest them long enough to finish his wor
ship; theroforo, nnti-christinn effects arq pro
duocd by note singing on Sunday. 2d. Nott
Hinging on Sabbath in offoct absorbs every otb
er interest. ' If a rovival is commenced-if i
Sabbath school is in operation-if "a prayo
li)coting has boon begun with good prospect
.-?If tho preacher has labored hard to ihtores
his congregations-if the brethren have hcei
happy together in worshipping God-all, al
havo boen made to give way to thc all.absorb
ing thing.' TW'c must go to tho " singing,'
which soon drowns thc revival--retards th
Subbath school-seriously uflcot.4 the praye
meeting-dries up tho interest which thc sot
mon has nwakonod. and the brethren benoni
cold and soon begin to " envy ono another.'
Congregations aro careless ii* regarding th
rules of strict bohaviorin timo of divino woi
shiri, Churchy mombcrs become proycrlcsi
.ndI,very often .careless Q( tho pecuniary in
tmoa of the Church. And wo should Luv
said, bcfoVo now, would neglect th*i reiultu
bf their Bibles and family and private wor
ship. Wo speak to wiso men, judgo ye. ?
Yours, in christian bonds,
-, A I'rtOTKSTOR.
V- X. R I IE T ^ ~
The Bluo Ridge .Rail Road.
Anything upon this .subject will .bo road
with avidity by ?ur poopU?. Wc, therefore,
j ol i p from thc Louisville papers the following
! extracts; wbiuh, would have appeared hist week
but for tho mail failure heretofore reported :
Thc delegates from ?South Carolina wish to
awaken an interest in the Northwest to aid tn
the establishment of a dirocl railway commu
nication with thc South Atlantic coast. Thc
gentlemen arrived in the steamer United
States from Cincinnati, ?md became the guests
of thc city nt thc Willard Motel. 1 The follow
ing gentlemen were present :
'Hoard of Ti>de-Hon. 0. A. Trcnholm,
Mid Cr. W. Clark.
Chamber bf (Jonimoree--JIon. M. C. Mor
due:ii,"'Maj. E. Willis, W. A. Couiteuny, and
C. II. West, Jr. ? *
Blue Ridge Railroad Comba ny-Col. J. P.
Reed. Mr. Hayden, Civil ISnglilccr, accom
panied this lele?ation. ' "
'.- Irt addition to tho nbovc, Knoxville sent
the following delegation :
Col. C. .M. MoObee, President of the Knox
ville and Kentucky Railroad; Judge C. W.
Jones, Con. J. A. Cooper, Gort, h. J. Trow
bridge,-Obl. R II. Armstrong, Dr. J. Rodgers,
Capt. 4. J. Riols, and Cul. A. Terry.
During the morning the Mrtypr ?iud other
eily officials, besides ploniiueut citizens, called
upon the delegations.
Later in the forenoon thc delegation lind an
interview with thc Board of Directors of the
Louisville and Nashville Railroad. - .
John B. Smith, Bsq., President of the Lou
isville Board o? Trude, in a neat and pointed
address, introduced tho distinguished stran
gers, several of whom addressed thc large
crowd assembled in remtrd to tho nr?n.osed.
railroad convention. UQli. Trowbridge, of
Knoxville, Tennessee, and Mr. C. M. McGee.
President of thc Knoxville ?ind Kentucky
Railroad, were first introduced, each of whom
addressed the merchants ll) behalf of promptly
connecting Louisville with tho seaboard by
means of the iron horse, via the Nashville
Railroad .Hui its branches, and the Knoxville
Road through to thc Blue Ridge, thence south
east to Charleston.
Geo. A. Trcnholm addressed tho meeting
in a concise, business like, though eloquent
address in favor of constructiiig-or-cnnnccting
the Blue Ridge Railroad, Commencing nt An
derson, S. C., with tho Knoxville (Tennes
see) Rout!, ?iud the Lebanon brandi) of thc
Nashville Road. Thc sum of three millions
has been expended by South Carolina, Geor
gia and Tennessee in constructing tho road ns
far ns Anderson, and thu stockholders now
tendei otiO-half of that interest to whoever
joins thom ir continuing the road to the Ohio
river, nvow.ngn pr?f?rence for Louisville.-1
-Thc heaviest p ut of the route has been graded,
'or tunneled. Less than (ive millions is re
quired to finish the road to Knoxville, it ho
ing clearly set forth ss the . shortest ?ind most
direct route to thc seaboard, mid that, too,
through the only available gap in the great
mountain barriers ulong the Alleghenies across
thc Blue'Ridge. With this connection com
plete, freight, produce or merchandize from
Louisville could be sent to Norfolk, Va., thc
seaboard, without break or bulk, or by the di?
.root rua'ic, through to Charleston, South Car
A1 noon thc delegations were escorted to
tho Board of Trade. Rooms. Speeches were
made by Gen. L. J. Trowbridge, Col. C. IL
.McGhoc and Hon. Ceo. A. Trcnholm.
Coi. J. P. Recd was introduced, and tundo
nn eloquent and exceedingly happy speech.-?
Ile dwelt upon the advantages that would ac
crue to the Southwest if this great highwny
wore completed so that there could bo an in?
terehuoge of commodities"and necessities.
The South looks hither for its provisions and
p?oduce. Louisville needs Carolina's and
Georgia's cotton ?ind rice, lie said that with,
this lino completed tho traveller could leave
Louisville and in thirty-six hours could bc in
Charleston. A lino of steamers would bo es
tablished between Charleston and Havana,
and in from forty-eight to fifty-five hours would
bu in that oity, I j oro was a great outlet for
tho productions of the Northwest. Ho spoke
tif having 11 mehi ti cry manufactured in Louis
villa and laid down at his hons? l^ss than four
hundred miles distant by tho road proposed,
which had been carried two thousand miles
by rail to a seaport, tlicnco by sea to Charles
ton, and then by railroad a distunco equal to
that required to bo covered by rail to reaoh
Anderson, bis homo. Ho alluded to tho .vast
systoin of railroads whioh this road would tap,
and thus render ti great aroa of country trib
utary to tho ontorpriso and opening up new
nuirkots for tho produce of this section. This
routo would bo tho ?h?rtest tb Augusta, tho
contral metropolis of tho Southeast, and to 8a
vanuab, of to tho gulf ports of Florid?.
He spoke in glowing terms of tho fraternal
?fleet of this enterprise ; thc people would
come to know each other; the iron bauds
would draw them closer in affection and mu
tual interests, and it was most desirable to
bring the separate communities in close com
munication with each other, that they might
become ns one people. He said that this wiis
an enterprise requiring money, and all that
bc asked was that thc subject should be thor
oughly investigated, and felt confident that
thc result would be flattering lo thc enterprise.
This was one of those natural lines that would
force itself upon public attention, and must
become a great thoroughfare, lt was thc only
practicable route across thc mountains. Lou
isville, he urged, was most deeply interested
in this matter. She was thc nearest great
mart from thc seacoast, and her manufactures
and her corn and bacon must be had in the
Southeast, while she ought to manufacture
the cotton sent in return from that section.
His speech was frequently applauded and
had a happy effect.
ON 'CHANUK.-- Col. J. P. Reed, of the
Rino Ridge railroad company, South Carolina,
who electrified the 'meeting at the Hoard of
Trade rooms, on Friday, by his masterly ar
guments and matchless eloquence, was, with
another member of thc Southern railroad del
egation, whose name wo did not learn, on
'('bange, yesterday, and were most cordially
received by the merchants present, lt is grat
ifying to krtow that thc distinguished gentle
men whoso names wc published yesterday
morning, composing thc delegation from Souffl
Carolina, Georgia and Tennessee, were de
lighted with their visit to our fair city, as also
with the elegant and generous courtesies our
merchant princes so well know how to bestow.
This visit, without regard to thc results svhich
may follow in extending lines of railroad oom
munieation, wc arc confident will bc fraught
with the happiest consequences \n reviving
those generous and knightly friendships,
which, in thc olden time, were the pride njfid
boast of thc people of thc South. ?/
. Tho J?aht Ovo?Mnn
A portion of thc people of Edgcficld arid
Lexington districts met, on thc 21st ultimo,
to consider the " dobt question." Thc meet
ing was largo and enthusiastic. A committee
was appointed to prepare something for the
oonsidoratiou of the meeting; whereupon, thc
following preamble and resolutions were re
ported and unanimously adopted :
Whereas, The Courts have been thrown
open to creditors, and the debtors of thc State
suddenly placed in a condition of imminent
peril ; ana whereas, The prospective wide
spread ruin and desolation which must surelj
and inevitably result therefrom, so terrific am]
alarming to the, people, call most loudly foi
them to rise up and apeak in their own behalf
as tho only means loft thom of averting tlx
direst calamity that over befell any portion ol
tho human race,*- and whereas, Tho dcbtoi
classes are about to bo sacrificed most unjustly
and ungenerously for Unit which within itscl
is no crime-Indebtedness. He it'therefore
R.csolycd, That it is unwise, impolitic, un
reasonable and grossly subversivo of thc bes
interests of the country, to maintain that th
great upheaving, of property and revulsion o
finances which the country has experienced
should not be a most powerful argument i
favor of the rights of debtors against claim
that were predicated on slave property, HOI
swept away as by tho besom of destruction, a
event which neither could bc foreseen nc
. . Resolved, That debtors have rights as wc
as creditors, and that while the foi mer are nt
disposed Io deprive the latter of a rcasonnbl
.satisfaction for their favors in tho past, the
most earnestly and urgently protest againi
having their rights ignored, and justice train]
led upon ; whioh must inevitably ho tho r'<
suit, unless the impending evil bo averted b
an organic law of thc land.
Resolved, That thc Chairman of this mee
ing bc.roquestcd to appoint a Commission !
three, of our citizens, to wait upon his Exec
lency thc Governor at an early day, and urf
upon him to assctnblo thc Legislature as soc
as possible, to thc end that measures may 1
adopted to avert the ruin and distress no
threatening to fall upon us.
Resolved, That our follow-oitizcns th rougi
out tho State be requested to oo-oporatc wit
us in urging the justice of our cause.
Resolved, That the thanks of this moet'u
aro oininently duo, and aro hereby tendere
to tho Hon. A. Pi Aldrich, for his able, mn
ly and independent effort on tho Hench
stay tho disasters of which wo have spoken
the preceding Prcamblo and Resolutions.
?(?solved, That those Resolutions bo pu
lished in tho " Edgefield Advortisor," and
tho Columbia and Charleston papers; and th
.a copy of them bc yent to tho lion. A. P. /
ANOTHua MEETING.-Another meeting h
boon hold in Edgollold, on the 20th ult., wh
tho following Resolutions woro adopted t
Resolved, That wo heartily endorso thc-p
Goodings and Resolutions of (1)0 meeting at Jleth
ol on tho Ridge, und recommend that such meet
ings bo held all over tho State.
Resolved, That, tn tho opinion of this ...sol
ing, the Legislature, if it should hine the con
stitutional power, should equalize or regulate
tho indebtedness of the peopl-, according to tho
principien of equity and justice, Looping in view
tho deprecia lieu of their property, and their nc
tuul losses, by the war and its results, and their
means and ability of making payments ; nnd if
tho Logislnturo lacks tho power, thnt it ho re
quested to call a Convention ol' thc State for
Resolved, That it is thc duty of tho Legisla
ture to pass any other constitutional measures
that may occur to their wisdom, for the relief of
debtors, and for thc restoration of confidence,
and of proper relations between debtor ar.dero
Resolved. That thc Chnirman appointa Com
mittee of three to urge upon His Rxcolloney, tho
Governor, the necessity of calling an extra ses
sion of tho Legislature, to consider thc vital in
terests of thu Slate, which aro now in imminent
Resolved, That these proceedings bo publish- ?
cd In tho lvlgcliold Advertiser, nnd copied ?n ?
all other friendly journals of thc Sta?o,
STILL ANOT?I?R.-On Soledny Inst, the
citizens of Newbeny met to take into consid
eration thc condition of the .country. The
following preamble and resolutions were adopt
llVicrctrs, Thc means'and energ ies bf our
people were necessarily devoted to the support
of thc war, which has just closed, and during
its continuance, this fact, together with lin-,
existence of a depreciated currency, which
was the only circulating medium, rendered tho
puymoniof debts impracticable : 'Anti where
at one of. the disastrous results of the war,
was tho entire destruction of more than two
thirds, of the property of thc people and the
depreciation of the remainder tu such an ex
? ..i ..?> i t/ine.]! ulm?.ct i-..lt.,.l.>..- . . .. ."".,".
of paying debts; Anil ?chereus the people,
after having expended their menus and made
every .sacrifice that duty required of them, lo
support a cause which they believed involved
their dourest interests, had a right to expect
that Legislative provisions Would be made to
protect them in thc possession of their homes,
until they cuuld, in some degree, recover from
thc ruinous effects of the protracted struggle
which had left them prostrate and exhausted ;
And wherein tho Legislature did provide for
their protection.against further ruinous sacri
fices of property, by re-enacting the law, com
monly known as the " Stay Law," which had
its origin in .the exigencies of tho times nt an
carly period of the war, the wisdom and expe
diency of w hich lind been approved by every i
succeeding Legislature and hythe Convention j
of September last, which by an ordinance eon- j
tinued of force said law, and which, under the I
circumstances that .surrounded us at the close
of the war, was not only oxpedient and proper,
but absolutely necessary to save thc country
from irretrievable ruin ; And whereas by II
late decision of the Court of Errors of this
j State, the Act referred to has leen declared
unconstitutional, inoperative and void.
1. There/ore Resolved, That while ivis would
deprecate a. resort to violent measures for the
redress of the grievances complained of, as the
result of said decision, ?ind cannot sympathize
with or consent to ?my movement, contempla
ting such ?in object ; still we cannot dissent
from thc opinion that 1,1)0 Court, in making a
I decision by which a sovereign State is denied
the right to control the remedy which she af
fords to suitors in her own Courts, so contrary
to tho generally received doctrine nnd opinion,
not only of t))0 most eminent Judges of thia
Stato, but also of soiuc ol' the most distin
guished Judges of thc Supreme Court of thc
United States, acted, not only unwisely, but
with unnecessary haste; nnd that thereby thc
great interests of the people and prosperity of
tho State will be most ruinously affected, un
less some measure of rolicf Shall bc speedily
2. Resolved, That wo, thc people of New
berry District, in tho exercise of our inalien
able rights and in tho performance of-what
wo concoivo to be a paramount duty to our
selves, our families and our oountry, do most
solemnly protest against a decision without
precedent in this Stato, so nt yari.mco with
tho doctrines heretofore inculcated, not on
ly by some of the most .eminent Judges but.
also by tho Conventions and Legislatures of
this State, and ?it tho satno time so antago
nistic to thc general interests of our country,
wo do hereby invite, tho co operation of thc
people of tho other Districts of this State, in
requesting His Excellency, Gov. Orr, to con
vonc thc Legislature at tho earliest date prno
tichbib for tho purpose of taking into consid
eration the condition of tho people, and adopt
ting suoh measures as will prevent thc sacri
fice of thc remnant of the property left thom,
and rosene tho great intorest of tho country
from the impending ruin.
o. Resolved, That our Senator and Kepre,
tentativos ire hereby requested to give Inch
Support to ?noy measures that may bc devised, to
snvo thc people from tho burden of accumu
lated costs of suits, and prevent tho sacrifico
of property under process of the Courts.
4. Jiesnlvaf, Thatiu lccommcndiugthc course
above indicated, we. do not sanction any meas
uro of repudia t,H\> or ptijeipl", absolving debt
ors from th*c*!riorul obligation t? comply willi?
their contracts, as far as they may be nblo
and ns carly as practicable. But in making
this dcolration, we at the ea me tuno condemn,
in the strongest terms, the conduct of those
creditors, who, iu the present condition of
things; for purposes ef speculation or gain, or
from motives of avarice, would oppress and
harrass their debtors by suits at law, or by
enforcement of executions already obtained.
5. Resolved, That in thc event thc Legis
lature, after being convened, shall' arrive at
thc conclusion that they do not possess the
power to provide relief for the people and
country, it will then become their bounden
duty, as guardians of thc public interests, to
provide for a convention of the people of this
State to meet at thc earliest day possible.
G. Resolved, That thc foregoing preamblo
ind resolutions be published in the " Newber
ry Herald." '? Columbia Pho?nf?;" and tho
u Charles m Courier," and that a copy of tho
same bc forthwith transmitted by .thc Secre
tary of the meeting to His Excellency Gov.
James L. Orr,
An Important Order.
If wc are permitted to hope for thc rigid
?nforccincnt of the following Order, says tho
Charleston Courier," rendered absolutely
requisite, as our citizens will concur with, tho
" powers that be" in opinion, by the disgrace
ful scenes that have recently occurred, and
the. general apprehension occasioned by tho
indisposition of tho.freedmen in this vicinity
to work, it will be read with unfeigned pleas
H'l>Q'nTERS S-I'ATK OP SOUTH CAKOLTNA, ) *
Charleston, S. C., Juuc 29, 18G0. \
I. The Brevet Major-Gcueral Commanding
has noticed, with deep regret, thc disposition
mi thc part of freedmen in thc vicinity of
Charleston and along the coast to disregard
their agreements on plantations, to the neg
lect of the crops, and to either lay idling about
their houses, roam nt large over the country,
or congregate in Charleston and other towns.
This total disregard bf all obligations to keep
their contracts in good faith will cause an en
tire failure of crops iu thc State, and the result
must be destitution and starvation. The in
creasing nmou.Ut.of theft, drunkenness and va
grancy demands that thc most prompt and
severe measures bc taken by all officers to
check thc evil.
II. It is ordered that the men or women
who leave the plantation on which they aro
employed to labor, cither by the month, for
shave of the crops or as renters of land, and
thereby nedect their growing crops, h? at once
arrested ns vagrants and p'Ut to work ou tho
public roads, as provided by Paragraph XIT,
General Order No. 1, Headquarters Depart
ment of South Carolina.
All planters who have freedmen employed
on their plantations who do not, at this im
portant season of thc year, give their entiro
time to the growing crops, are authorized, if
aft?T reading this order to them and they neg
lect or refuse to obey it, to. report them at once
to the officer in command of the district, who
will cause them to be taken from the planta
tion ns vagrants and put to work on the public
roads. Their children, if any, will be bouud
to such persons os will take core of them and
learn them habits of industry.'
III. A prison wjll be established for all
persons of color convicted of such crimes ns
are not. punishable by death on one of thc
islands, where employment oan be furnished,
and all convicts will bc compelled to labor t
from sunrise until sunset, under the control of
such guards as will insure thoir safety. Any
person convicted of selling spirituous liquors
to a freedman without a permit from somo
officer having control, will bc fined in nny sum
not less than twenty-five (?25) nor more than
ono hundred (3100) for every offence of which
ho may bo convicted,
IV. Commanding officers will have this or
der read in the several colored oburches in
their vioinity, in order that it may becoiuo
By com. of BrVt. Wtaj-Gcn. R. K. SCOTT.
II. W. SMITH,
Brc\ it Lieut-Col. and A. A. Gonoral.
Ofiic'ud : H. W. SMITH, A. A. G.
- . ? tit.
? WK THANK Tims, JEW, FOR THAT."
- The ? Atlanta New Era" says : ? The new
Army Bill, passed tho Houso of Representa
tives a few days since, 'prohibits anybody
who served in tho civil or military ' of tho
Confederacy, from ontcring tho United States
nrmj. Let Southern men remember' this.
Tho Unitod Statos oat) fight its own battles I
Let it do so. Southern men ovorywhere say
amen. Let us ntl remember that should tho
United States beoomo involved in a foroign
war, it is unlawful for nny SouWieru man to
enter thc army of the United BtttCp."