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?TO THINE OWN SELF BK TUUE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS THE
IIOB'T. A. THOMPSON & CO.
iummMmnmt?i?fm*?m)?mm i m j '-_ ^ M I I - - rn Milli II I I I I i i n II irn?ri?. m.mi mniii
PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C. SATURDAY, JULY 27, 1801.
NIGHT THE DAY, THOU
Nothing is Lost
Wileri? in I lie snow ?
'Tis not long ago
It" covered the earth willi a voil of whilo;
Wo heard not it H footsteps soft ntul light,
Yet lhere lt WUK in tho morning Wight ;
Now it hm h vanished away from night,
Not a trace remains
In the fields or ones.
Where is the fi?st ?
They are gone and lost -
The forms of heiHtly lust night il minto,
With plotuvs rare were Windows arrayed ;
'.Ho silent," ii said; the bro oh obeyed;
Vet silence an I picturesque nil did ludo.
At the smile of (ho sun,
All ?es und ine.
Where is the rain ?
Paltering it ea nie,
Dancing along willi n merry found,
A grassy bed in the ?old it found;
Fhioli drop e mic on the roof with a bound.
Whore i? the rain ? It hath left the ground ;
VYIiol >jood hath il ilona,
Hone away so .-eon ?
Our liest endeavor
S-emelh to fall like the moiled snow,
Wc work mir thoughts wbvly and slow ;
The send wc ?ow, bul il will not prow.
Our hopes, mir resolves-where do they go?
What do! h remain ?
.Memory and pain.
Nul hing is lost -
^ Nor snow, nor fri<s|
That comas to enrich Hie earth again.
We thank them wlygn the ripening grain
Je waving over the hill mid ptain,
And the pleasant min splines Front raith n^ain
. And emin h In pond
Waler and food.
lljHUH li ''IMIMBWE*'- Dlsappaihitnien? bern-.
Though hope .? -met!: t fl ill, he patient still ;
Thy good intents O ld dolli fulfill.
Tliv hand is weak; I?I* powerful will
Is liiilvhlng thy life-work f?til.
P'ie id endeavor
1 . |o<|r- ih ! never.
.Mn>W.tUfi flt" vt? . -rx-TL-n MSW!. TTCWXXT:T 7WV??t:JUBrt T=jr--X.rr?T<
IP O T u I 'T1 I O A L .
Thu K< \v Cotton Tax
Ttl? I'itO VISIONS is!-' I'U'A NfcW IV PKUNAl.
iti-:\ ..-.a.: i, ?\v ON mn si;nj>:ci'.
\s ni it.tite of vere gotlcr.il ?. it.?!*?.-** to our
r^ad irs, Mt1 present, bdow tho Ur<t- eight sec
finns of ii.- now Internal Itevtviu ! Law. which
o ubi* toa all thu provisions nf tho law which
jvll te i-i thu i .t- Ttl I tn.\ on cotton :
15 > it eh act-id by tho Sen do and House of
Il 'presenta ti ven <d the United Sides of Amer
jim io Congress assembled. That uti nut! after
t io lirst tl tv uf Angil d, eighteen hundred and
sixty-six, III lieu of the taxes nu uniuniiufuc
lured cottnn, as provided ?II '* Au act lu pro
vide internal revenue lo support tho Coven;?
merit, to pay ?Uterot on tim public debt, and
for other pu rpi ?sos, ..approved ?lutte thirteenth,
eighteen hundred and sixty four, as amc?dcd
Ly ibo A et nf March third, eighteen hundred
nnd sixty-five, there shall bu paid by the pro
dneer. owner or holder, upon nil Cotton pro*
dU-Hld within the United States, and upon
(V ll i ell no tax Ima been levied, pud or collect
ed, a tux of three cents per pound, us hereaf
ter provided ; and tho weight of Mich colton
shall bo ascertained by deducting four pur
eentu n for tire from the gross weight of each
Laic or package ; nnd such tax shall bc and
romain a lieu thereon, in tim possession ol'any
!larson whomsoever from tho tinto when this
aw takes efl tot, or snob -ir.it.>n !? r??l. -><>J i^
aforesaid, until the same shall have he n mid;
und no drawback shall in any case bc allowed
on raw or unmanufactured cotton of Any tax
paid thereon when exported in tho raw un
inanuf ictured condition. Hut no tax shall be
imposed upon any cotton imported from other
fVWfiitrics, and on which an import duty shall
)iayo been paid.
Hue. 2. And bo it further enacted. That
tho nfnresnid tax upon cotton shall bc levied
Ly the assessor on tho producer, owner, or
holder thereof. And said tax shall ho paid
jo the o? Hector of internal revenue within and
for the collection district in which said cotton
?hail have been produced, mid before the same
shall have been removed therefrom, except
where otherwise provided in this Act; ami
?very millee.tor to whom any tax upon cotton
shall bo paid shall mark tho bales or other
paokages upon whioh tho tnx ahull Imvo boen
paid, in snob manner us muy oloniTy indionte
<he payment thereof, nnd shall givo to the
owner or other person having ohnrgo of suoh
cotton a permit, ftp; tho removal of tho simo,
statine: therein' tho amount und Rayment 0|P
the tax, the timo nnd place of payment, nnd
tho weight and mnrks upon tho bales and
paokngos, so that the sumo may bo fully iden
tify ; timi it shall bo flic duty of every such
collector to keep clearly nod sufficient records
of ?ll such cotton inspected or marked, ?mi of
all marks and identifications thereof, and of
nil pcrmitH for tho removal of the same, mid
of all his transactions relating thereto, and he
shall make full roturns thereof, monthly, to
the Commissioner of Internal Revenue.
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That
the Commissioner of Internal Revenue is here
by authorized to designate one or more places
in each collection district where mi assessor or
an assistant assessor und a collector or deputy
collecte shall bc located, and wliere cotton
ma)' bo brought for the purpose of boin;;
weighed and appropriately marked : Provided,
That it shall bo thc duty of the nssesfor ned
1 the collector or deputy collector to assess and
cause to be properly marked the cotton, wher
ever it may be, in said district, provided their
necessary (raveling expenses to and from said
designated pla CC, for thal purpose, he paid by
tho owners thereof.
Sec. 4. And heit further enacted, That nil
cotton having been weighed and marked as
hoi ein provided, and for which permits shall
have been duly obtained of the assessor, may
be removed from the district in which it ba?
been produced to anyone other district, with
out prepayment of tiie tux due thereon, upon
the execution of such transportation bonds or
other sr pu li ty, ?nd in accordance with such
regulations ns gindi be prescribed hy the Com
missioner of Int mal I teven ne, snhinp* to tV
approval of the leerctarv of the Treasury.
The said cotton fi removed shall he delivered
to the collector ot internal revenue ar his dep
uty forthwith upon its arrival at its piont of
destination, and shall remain subject to his
control until the taxes thereon, und any nec
essary charges of custody thereof, shall have
been paid, but nothing herein contained shall
authorize any delay of the payment of said
taxes for more than ninety days from thc date
of the perm its ; and when eot'on sholl have
been wotghed and marked for which n permit
shall have been granted without prepayment
nf thc tax, it shall be the duty of the nsse^ov
granting such permit to give immediate notice
of such permit to the collector of internal rev
.eUue_for. tho district, to whi?rks-jid^Qt?vn is to
lie transported, and he. shall also transmit
therewith a statement of the taxes due there
on, and of the bonds or other securities for the
payment thereof and he shall imko full re
turns and statements of the same in the Oom
tnisaiofi"r of Internal Revenue.
See. f). Ami he il further enacted. That it
?.hall he unlawful, from and after the first d -y
of Septo tiber, nigh toon hundred md sixty six.
IV)i' tho owner, master, supercargo, agent, or
othor p o -.m having charge of nny rossel, or
fm- any rmSro-.d oo-np ny, or other transporta
tion c.; npany, or for any ?ommon carrier, or
other person, to convey, or attempt tn convey,
or transport any cotton -the growth er pro
dueo o''the United States-from nny point in
tho diytriot in which it shall have been pro
ililued. unless each hii|.'i er p ck itre thereof
shall have I.? >cn attached to or iiceivnpanying
it thc proper marks or evidence of tho pay
ment of the revenue tax and a permit of the
eidh'ctor for such removal, or the permit of
the nprfesaor, ns herein before provided, under
regulations of the Commissioner of Internal
Revenim, subject to the approval of the Sec
retary of the Treasury, or to convey or trans
.lort ini'y cot ?on from any State in which potion
is produced to any port or pl ?oe in tho United
States without a certificate from the collector
of internal revenue of the district from which
it was brought, and such other evidence ?is
the (Jonimissioner of Internal Revenue., sub
ject to the approval of tho Secretary of the
Treasury, may proscribe, that the tax bus been
paid thereon, or the permit of tho Assessor as
herein .before provided, und such certificate
and evidence i.s nforesnid shall be furnished
to the collector of the dist riot to which it is
transported, and his permit obtained before
landing, discharging, or deliverine snell cotton
ni flu. pl../." wl,?/?|, 5? ?a ? mneporred ns aforo
ft-lid. And any person or persons who fihnll
viol ?tc the provisions nf this Act. in this re
spect, or who shall convey or attempt to con
vey from any State in which cotton is pro
duced to nny port or place without the United
States any cotton upon which thc tax lins not
been paid, shall be liable to a pen-dty of one
hundred dollars for each hale of cotton so con
veyed or transported, or uRompted to bo con
voyed or transported, or to imprisonment for
not more than ono year, or both ; mid nil ves
sels and vehicles employed in snob convoya noe
or transportation shall bu liable to seizure and
forfeiture, by proceedings in any Court of thc
United Stntcs having competent jurisdiction.
And all cotton so shipped or attempted to bc
shipped or transported without ptrytnont of
tho tax, or tho exooution of such trnnsportn
tion bonds or other security, tis provided in
this Aot, shall bo for foi tod to the United
States, und tho proceeds thereof distributed
accordion to the statute in likeotisesprovided
Seo. G. And bo it further onncted, That
upon nrticles manufactured exclusively from
cotton, when exported, thora shall ho allowed
na n drawback nn amount equal to tho interns1
tax which shall hnvo been assessed and paie
upon suoh artiolcs in their finished state, nnd it
addition thoroton dr*iybnokor allowoneo of ni
many cents per pound upon thc pound of cot
ton cloth, yarn thread or knit fabrics, manu
factured exclusively from cotton and exported,
a* shall have been assessed ?nd paid in the
form of un internal t ix upon the raw cotton
entering into the mn nu tant uri of said oloth or
other article, the amount of such allowance or
drawbacks to be ascertained fri such manner
ns may be prescribed by tho fepm missioner of
Internal H evonne, under ''?"^rrrtw?iiit rf f *i
Secretary of the Treasury, /dui fioV'i?^SlroT
section one hundred and seventy-one of the
Act of dune thirty, nighted hundred and
sixty-four. "To provide internal rovenue to
support thc Government tofpay interest on
thc public debt, and for other purposes," os
now provides for drawback Oju manufactured
cotton, is hereby repealed.
See. 7. And be it further cunctod, That it
shall be the duty of every perd?n, brm, or cor
poration, in manufacturingtcotton for any
pu'-pnsp, whatever, in spy district whore cot
jon is pYodtieed, to return to' the assessor, or
assistai.t^ssossor of the district in which snob
manufacture is carried on, a true statement in
writing, signed by him, nnd verified by bis
oath or affirmation, on or befare thc 10th doy
of each month, nnd tho firsji statement ren
dered shall be. on or before tho tenth day of
August, eighteen hundred and sfcety-six, and
shall stat-? the quantity of- ?qt?*?|*whioh such
manuf oturer bad on hand ftiid Onmnnufac
tur-i?. er ?rt process of mai^fncfurp. on the
first day of said month ; nud;each suosoqu<>nf
ftatemeut shall show th'c Vfholo quantity in
pounds, press weight, of cotton purchased or
obtained, and the whole quantity consumed
hy hint it? any business or process of manufac
ture during thc last preeodinpciilondar month,
and the quantity and ehnruHor of the goods
manufactured therefrom ; pad eyory sueh
manuf cturer or consumer snail keep n book,
in which he shall enter the quantity in pounds,
nf cotton which be has ort jtand on the first
doy of A umist, eighteen lint d rod and sixty
s'x. each quantity or lot purchased'or obtained
by him thereafter; the tii|f? when and the
party or parties from whoih jho same was ob
tdned; thc quantity of sJdd.cqttnn, if any
I. .which-i?-th?r-pro*rth ^A-??i^rtileetlrirf- district
where thc ?ame is manufactured J the quanti
ty, if any. which has not been Weighed and
marked by an officer herein authorized to
weigh and mark the same ; the quantity if
any. upon which the tax had not been paid,
sn fur ?s can he ascertained, before the manu
facture thereof; anil also the quantities used
or disposed of by him from time to time in
any process of manufacturo or otherwise, and
the quantity nnd character of the product
thereof, which books shall,nt all times during
business hours, bc open to the inspection of
the assessor, assistant assessor, collector OT
deputy collector of the district, inspectors or
reveniio agente; and such manufacturer shall
pay monthly to the. collector, within the time
prosnribel by law, the tax heroin specified,
subject to no deductions, on ' J' cotton so con
sumed by him in any manufacture, mid on
which no excise tax has previously been paid ;
and every such manufacturer or person whose
duty it is so to do. who shall neglect or refnsr.
to make such returns to tho assessor, or tr
keep such book, or who shall make false 01
fraudulent returns, or make false entries ir
such hook, or procure the same to be so dono
in addition to thc payment of the tax to b(
assessed thereon,.-shall forfeit to the Unite?
States all cotton and products of cotton in hi'
possession, and shall be, liable to n penalty o
not less than one thousand nor more than Dvi
thousand dollars, to be recovered with costs o
suit, or to imprisonment not exceeding twi
years, in the discretion of the. Court ; and an;
person or persons who shall make, nny fills
oath or affirmation in relation to any matter o
thing herein required shall be guilty of pcrju
ry, and shall be subject to tho puiiiahmon
prescribed by existing statutes for that offence
Provided that nothing herein contained ?hal
he construed in any manner to affect the lia
bility of any person for any tax imposed b
law on thc goods manufactured from suci
Sec. 8. And bc it further enacted, Tba
the provision of thc Act of June thc 30th
eighteen hundred and sixty-four, ns ametuloi
by tho Act. of March third, eighteen hundroi
and sixty-five, relating to the assessment c
taxes and enforcing the collection of tho s unc
imd all proceedings nnd remedies thereof, shal
appll to tho assessment and collection of tb
tax, fines and penalties imposed by, and no
inconsistent with, tho provision of tho prcc<
ding sections of this Act; and the Commit
sioner of Internal Itovoiiuo, subject to tho ?j
proval of tho Secretary of the Treasury, sba
make all necessary rules and regulations fe
ascertaining the weight of all cotton to beni
sesscd.aud for appropriately mtirking tbosami
and genorally for carrying into offoof. tho fon
going provisions. And tho Secretary of tb
Treasury is authorised to appoint nil nocossi
ry inspectors, weighers and markers of eottoi
whoso compensation shall bo determined li
tho Commissioner pf Internal ltovonuo, an
pnid in the samo mnnppr as inspcotors of t
baooo aro paid. 4$
OUFIMKNOK, is tho essence of the hw.
The Philadelphia Convention.
PiiTLAOKt.pHiA, August 15. A National
Convention of the soldiers North and South
is arranged to take ph.ce in Septem her at Oin?
oilioati. Leadilig officers of thc ? nion and
Confederate annies are active in this work.
It will bo a movement co operative with that
of thc Union Convention.
P^-JUU^VM-W et noon
I to-day. Thc Wigwam was orpwddqwiHi?"<h 1
epates and spectators. Amongst tho lt?tte)*
were a large number of ladies. General Di.v
took the chair.
lion. Montgomery Dlair, from tho Commit
tee on Organisation, reported in favor of thc
selection of lion. J. ll Doolittle for Presi
dent. Tho nomination was received with
great applause, mid was conlirtned by thc Con
Senator Po li: tie was accordingly conduct
ed to the1 chair.
Thc Committee on Credentials reported in
favor of the admission of the Maine delega
tion, beaded by General Crosby.
A letter from Mr. Yullundiirham was read
?midst great applause, in which, after stating
that the Ohio delegation had passed resolu
tions endorsing him as a duly elected delegate
and dedaring his patriotism and fitness to
represent his constituents and their readiness
to stand by him should bp deem it proper to
prescntrhimsclf to the Convention, he says :
u Yielding my own delib?rate conviction flf*
duty ..mil right to the almost unanimous o'jiin-1
inn und desire of friends whoso wisdom end
sincerity and purity of motive I may not ques
tion, to the end that there shall bc no pretext
even, from any quarter, for nny controverted
questions or disturbing element in the Con
vention to niur its harmony or hinder, in any
way, it* results to the cause or the Constitu
tion the Union mid public liberty, which shall
follow from its deliberations und its action, I
hereby withdraw from the Delegation of Ohio
and decline taking my seat in thc Conven- .
tion. I uni profoundly conscious that thc
sanctity end magnitude of the interests in
I volved in the present political canvass in the
' United Stuten, aro too j itt met? ?0 not to dematK?
a sacrifice of every personal consideration in a
stru!?g!??pon the issue of which depends, as
I solemnly believe, the present peace and. ul
tiinately, thc very existence of a free Republi
can Government on this continent." In onn
I elusion he " trusts th?t the proceedings will
be harmonious, the action wise, and that thc
results will be crowned with triumph "
DISPATCH PROM THE PRESIDENT.
The following dispatch was received from
the President ;
, Hon. O. ll. Hrowniny, ano1 lion. A. ll". Han
tint/, Convention, H/iilaffelphia :
1 thunk you for your cheering and encour
aging dispatch. The finger of Providence is
unerring, and will guide you safely through.
The people, must be trusted, and the countiy
will be restored. My faith is unshaken ns to
(Signed) A N nu KW .TOWNSON.
The Convention bas adjourned until ten
o'clock to-morrow morning, when the. Com
mittee on Resolutions, of which Senator Cow
an, of Pennsylvania, is Chairman, will make
PlIIIiADKIiPUIA, Anglist ]0.-Tl>c Nation
al Convention re-assembled nt ten o'clock this
! .norning. Thc wigwam was crowded to its
utmost capacity, half thc audience being la
ADOPTION OK THF. PLATFORM.
Senator (Jowan, from the Committee on the
Resolutions nnd Address, presented the Dec
laration of Principles, which was unanimous
ly omi enthusiastically adopted. It declares
that thc war just closed hag maintained the
authority of the Constitution, and has pre
served tho Union, with the oqilnl rights, dig
nity nnd authority of all thc States perfect ?nd
unimpaired. That representation in Congress
and in the lOlectoral College ian right abiding
in find the duty imposed upon every State,
and that neither Congress nor tho General
Government have any authority or power to
deny theso rights to any State. That Con
gress lins no power over the elective franchise,
but that right belongs exclusively to each
1 hat no State bas a right to withdraw fro|M
the Union ,
That og all Constitutional Amendments all
thc Stftc-i have an equal right to vote.
That shivery is abolished and forever pro
Thnt ibo Notional debt is sacred and invio
lable and tho Confederate, debt invalid.
It recognizes the services of thc Federal
soldiers and sailors, and thc debt due by the
nation to them and their widows and orphans,
and endorses Presjdout Jphnson for bis stead
fast devotion to tho Constitution, laws and in
terests of ino country.
The address wns prepared by Hon. Henry
J. Raymond, of New York, nnd WIIB read by
that gentleman and unanimously adopted.
Tho Standing National Committees, Exec
utive and Finanoiai, wore thon aunounced.
SENATOR DOOLITTLE* 8 INAUGURAT, ADDRESS.
Senator Dooolittlo said, in bis address on
taking the Chair, that th? Convention was
ono of the greatest events of our day. It was
Ute first National Convention held for tho
last six years, ami in the interim there had
boon blood, agony and tears. Our brothers
had fallon and our resources had been wasted
nu a thousand battle-fields; lut thank (?nd '
the assurances herc tell us that peace busc?me
If the people of the whole country Could ._.
would be no strUgglp at the polls this Rill,
Hut ns tho whole .people cannot he hereto
witness wdiat is transpiring, the greater work
rests on us, From this time until thc election
of the next Congress, wc should be untiring
in our exertions to see that the next Congress,
if this one shall continuo to refuse the sacred
right of representation to equal States, ntiH.1l
recognize them. [Applause.] When that is ?
done, tho Union is restored ; and when the
Union is restored, we shall be prepared io en
ter upon a higher und nobler career among
the nations of the earth than has ever yet been
occupied by any Government upon which the
sun of heaven ever shone. [Applause.]
ORGANIZATION OF THE CONVENTION.
Senator Doolittle being permanent Presi
dent, the following gentlemen are among tho
vice-Presidents : J. \V. Broekonbornugh, of
Virginia ; John A. Gi I mer, bf North Caroli
na ; Judge Wurdlnw, of South Carolina ;
Richard S. Lyons, of Georgia ; Judge Ran
dall, of Florida; Cuthbert Btillitt, of Louisi.
*>na$;J M. f ibbotts, of Arkansas ; 1W. Bur
nett, ot Toxas; Goo. ri. Houston, nf Alabama;
and Thoa. A. Nelson, of Tennessee. ^
Senator Edgar Cowan, of Pennsylvania, is
Chairman of thc Committee on Resolutions.
In this Committee arc General Couch, of
Massachusetts ; Senator Dixon, of Connecti
cut; Hon. ll. J. Raymond, of New York;
Messrs Bigelow, of Pennsylvania j Reverdy
Johnson, of Maryland ; Graham, of New
York ; Gov. Perry, of South Carolina ; C. C.
Langdon, of Alabama ; Wm. Yerger, of Mis
sissippi; John Rey, of Louisiana; Senator
McDougal, of California*, and others.
PHILADELPHIA, August 1G-P. M.-The
Convention, after adopting its Declaration of *
Fnnciplcs, has adjourned Wno ilfti.
There will be an address issued to the peo
ple of the United States.
PHILADELPHIA August ld.-An informal
meeting was held last evening of the soldiers
of both thc Northern and Southern armies,
in which a proposition was made and received
with favor to call a Convention of soldiers of
thc two armies at some central point within
a few weeks, where men who fought bravely
against each other may meet in a spirit of
conciliation, and deter nine to stand together
in maintaining thc I'tiion and tho Gom-litu
RADICAL BOASTS CONCERNING TUP. FALL
Bl.KCTIONS.- Leading radical orators and
journals profess to bc very sanguine of carry
ing tho coming Fall elections bv sonu tiling
like tho Union war-majorities of 1804. Thus,
thc " Chicago Tribune," prophesies that they
will carry Ohio by 40,000, Indiana by 35,000,
Illinois by 45,000,and all tho Western Statis
f?nst of the Rocky Mountains, by an aggre
gate majority of over 200,000. But these
radical prophets are counting their chickens
before they are hatched. The ( lenients of a
political revolution are nt work. The war
is ended and slavery is abolished, and the war
and the abolition of slavery wore tho two
great issues of 1804, and they still controlled
tho eleotions of 1805, in the absence nf a
new organization of pnrties upon new issues.
Now such an organization is in progress, and
the parties and issues of 1800 will be very
apt to result in a general political revolution
in these approaching Fall elections. Tho
brooking up of tho Republican party of the
war lins actively commenced, because the mis
sion of that party is fulfilled, and the new
work of peace and re union must go on. for it
is the beginning of a political revolution.
\Mw York Herald,
THE BOUNTY LAW.-Tho new bounty law
passed by Congress, gives $100 extra to men
who have served for three years mid been hon
orably discharged, mid 850 extrn to men who
entered for two years and served ont their time.
Provision is made that in case of death in ser
vice of thc soldier, who, if living, would be
entitled, that the bounty shall be paid to their
widows, minor children or parents. Every
soldier who has sold, bartered, or in any way
transferred his discharge papers, will lose tho
benefit of this provision. lt is estimated that
$75,000,000 will bo sufficient to pay all tho
bounties secured by the net.
THE first train over tho Southern Pacifia
Railroad, from Shreveport to Marshall, Texns,
was run on Saturday last. Everything Worked
nicely and in perfect order. August 1 was
the timo set for tho completion of this seo
tion of tho road, but it was dono four days
ahead of that time. Tho Commissioners of
the Government will inspect tho road early
noxt month. Freight engagements have al
ready been made for over a month ahead, atld
the profits of the road will bo $1.000 por dav.