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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, May 28, 1869, Image 1

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CM ike night the day, thon can'et not then he Jahc to any man.'*
VOL. IV..NO. 33
VARIE T x .
A Sketch.
UT MRS. HARRIET BEECHER STOWE.
ty It was a splendid room. Rioh curtains
finept down to tho floor in graceful folds, half
occluding thc light, and shedding its soft
hues over tho fine old paintings on tho walls,
and Over tho broad mirrors that reflect nil that
taste can accomplish by tho hand of wealth.
Books, tho rarest and most costly, wero
around, in every form of gorgeous binding
and gilding, and among them, glittering in
ornament, lay a magnificent Bible-a Bible,
too beautiful in its appointments too showy,
ornamental, over to have been meant to bo
road--a Bible which every visitor should toko
up and cxolaira, "What a beautiful edition;
what superb bindings !" and thon lay it down
again.
And tho mastor of thc house was lounging
ou a sofa, looking over n lato review-for he
??ras a mau of leisure, taste and reading-but
thon, as to reading thc Biblo !-that forms,
.wo supposo, no part of tho pretensions of a
man of letters. Tho Bible-certainly bo con
eidorod it a vory respectable book-a flue
specimen of ancient literature-an admirable
Look of moral precepts-but then, os to its
divine origin he had not exactly made up his
mind. Some parts appeared strange and in
consistent to his reason-others wero very
revolting to his taste-true, he had never
studied it vory attentively, yet such was his
general impression about it-but on tho
whole, be thought it well enough to keep an
elegant copy of it on his own drawing-room
table.
! So muoh for ono picture-now for anoth
er :
Como with us into this little dark alley,
and up a flight of ruinous stairs. It is night.
It is a bitter uight, and tho wind and suow
might drive through tho crevices of tho
room, wore it not that careful hands have
stopped thom with paper or cloth. But for
Tall this little carefulness, the room is bitter
cold ; cold even with those few decaying
brands on the hearth, which that sorrowful wo
man is trying to kindle with her breath. Bo
you see that palo littlo thin girl, with large
bright eyes, who is crouching so near her
motl-tr--hark ! how sho coughs-uow lis
ten :
."Mary, my dear child," do keep'that shawl
oloso about you; you arc cold I know," and
tho woman shivers as she speaks.
"No, mother, not very," replied the child,
again relapsing into that hollow ominous
cough-"I wish you wouldn't mako me always
wear your shawl when it is cold, mother."
"Bear child, you peed it most-how you
cough to-night," repli?e the mother- "it re*
ally don't seem right for to send you up that
long, oold street, now your shoes have grown
80 poor, too; I must go myself after this."
"O mother ! you must stay with the baby
-what if ho should have ono of those dread
ful fits white you are gone ? no, I can go very
well, I have got uecd to tho cold now."
"But, mother, I'm cold," says a little voico
from tho soanty bed in tho corner, "mayn't I
get up and come tc tho fire ?"
"Bear child, it would not warm you, it is
vary oold horo, and I can't mako any more
fire to-night."
"Why oan't you, mothor, there aro four
whole 8tioks of wood in thc box, do put one
in the fire and lot's get warm on oe."
"No, my dcor little Honry," says tho moth
er, soothingly, "that is all tho wood mother
ha?, and I hnvn't any money to got moro."
And now wakens tho siok baby in the little
oradlo, and mothor and daughter are for somo
time busy in attempting to supply its littlo
wants, and lulling it again to sleep.
And now look you well at that mother.
<?\x months ng"o, she had a husband, whoso
/earnings prooured for hor both tho necessaries
l?fyd oomforts of lifo-her ohildron worn doth
jfid^fod and sohoolod, without thought of hors,
^flt husbandloss, friendless and alono, in the
fronet of a groat busy city, with foeblo health,
pnd,only tho precarious roBouroes of hor noe
din, fdio has gono rapidly down from oom fort
to extreme poverty. Look at hor now, as
el)o ls to-night. Sho knows full woll that tho
pt}p bright-eyed girl whoso hollow cough con
stantly rings in her oars, is far from well.
Sho knows ?hat oold, and* hunger and expo*
Burp of ovory kind aro surely wearing away
her life-and yet what oan she do ? Poor
souj, how mady times has. she calculated all
hoc Hf tlo rosouroes, see if she could pay a doe*
tor and got medicine for Mary, yat oil in vain.
Sho knows that timely mcoioino, ease? Hie j
fresh qjr, and warmth, might save hor-but
sho knows nl| those things aro ont of tho quos,
don for hor. She fools, too ns a mother
wou)d fool whoo sha secs hor onoo rosy, hap
py little boy becoming palo, and anxious and
fretful-and ovon vhon he {esses, uer wost,
she only stops hor work a moment, a^d, smokes
laughing, happy little follow he ouco was, till
sho has not n heart to reprove him. And all
this day she has not a heart to roprove him.
And all this day she has toiled with a siok
and fretful baby in hor lap, and hor little
shivering, hungry boy at hor side whom poor
Mary's patient artifices can not always koop
quiet; she has toiled over tho last piooo of
work which sho can prooure from tho shop,
for the man has told her that after this he
oan furnish no moro, and tho little money
that is to come from this is already portioned
out in her own mind, and after that sho has
no human prospect of moro.
But yet that woman's faoo is quiet, patient.
Nay, you may even sec in hor suffering eye
something like pcaoc, and whence comes it?
I will tell you.
There is a Bible in that room, ns well os in
thc rich man's apartment. Not handsomely
bound, to bo sure, but faithfully read-a
plain, homely, much-worn book.
Harken now while she says to her ohildrcni
.'Listen to mo dear children, and I will read
you something out of this book. 'Let not
your heart bo troubled; in my father's house
arc many mansions.' So you sec, my chil
dren, wo shall not always livo in this little
cold, dark room. Jesus Christ has promised
to toko us to a better homo."
"Sholl wo bo warm there nil day," says
tho little boy earnestly, "and shall wc have
enough to eat?"
"Yes, door child," says thc mother; '-liston
what tho Bible says, "They shall hunger no
more neither thirst any more ; for tho Lamb
whioh is in the midst of them shall feed
them ; and Qod shall wipe away all tears from
their eyes."
"I am glad of that," said little Mary ; "for,
mother, I never can beor to sec you cry."
"But, mothor," says little Henry, "won't
Cod send us something to cat to-morrow ?"
"Seo," says tho .mother, "what tho Bible
says, 'Seek yo not what ye shall cat, nor what
ye shall drink, neither bo of anxious mind.
For your Father knowcth that yo have need
of these things.1 "
"But, mothor," says littlo Mary, "if God
is our father, and loves us, what docs ho lc!
us bo so poor for?"
"Nay," soys thc mother, "our dear Lord
Jesus Christ was as poor as wo arc, and G oe
certainly loved him."
"Was he, mothor ?"
"Yes, children, you remember how he said
?Tho Son of Man hath not where to lay hil
head.' And it tells us more than onco thal
Jesus was hungry when there was none to
give him food."
"O mothor 1 what would you do without
tho Bible ?" says Mary.
Now if tho rioh man who had not yet made
up his mind what to think of tho Bible
should visit this poor woman, and ask hor on
what she grounded her belief of its truth,
what could she answer ? Could she give thc
argument from miracles and prophecy ? Can
sho account for all thc changes which might
have taken placo in it through translators and
copyists, and provo that wo have a genuine
and uncorrupted version? Not she! Bul
how then docs she know that it is true ? How,
say you ? How does sho know that she hoc
warm lifeblood in her heart? How doce
she know that there is suoh a thing as ail
and sunshine ? Sho docs not believe things,
sho know* thom ; and in Uko manner, willi
a deep heart-consciousness, she is certain thal
tho words of hor Biblo are truth and life
It is by reasoning that tho frightened child
bewildered in tho dark, knows its mothcr'i
voioo ? No ? Nor is it. by reasoning tho
tho forlorn and distressed human heart knowi
tho voioo of its saviour, and is still.
Go, when tho child is lying in its mothcr'i
arms, and looking up trustfully in her faoc
abd seo if you can puzzle him with mctophye
ioal difficulties, ?bout personal identity anti
you oan mako him think that it is not hi
mothoi. Your roasoning may bo oonolusiv
-ycur arguments unanswerable ; but, aft?
all, tho child soos his mothor there, and fool
her arms around him, and his quiot, unreason
ing boliof on tho subjcot is precisely tho sam
kind whioh tho littlo child of Christianit
fools in tho oxistonco of his Saviour, and th
reality of all thoso blessed truths whioh h
has told in this world:
*?T Tho "Woodstonk (Ct.) Standard" sn)
thai an elm was rooontly out on tho old Fi
ler farm, in Royalton, whioh waa ono bundie
and twenty feet in height, tho trunk wt
perfectly straight ?nd sound, and m oas 141?
novo*-, foot in diameter two foot from tl
ground, three feet in diameter at sixty fe*
from tho ground, at whioh point the fir
branohos started out. Tho troo fornishc
over thirty-six cords, running monsuro, of si
tecn-inoh wood, sud employed ono man nea
ly fiftcon days to foll and work lt up. A
attempt to oount the tings made it? ago to I
from $wo h?,u<M M 8fiy *? *n*eo
Medical Hints.
1. If a man faints, placo him flat on his
baok and lot him alone.
2. If any poison is swallowed, drink in
stantly half a glass of cool water, with a heap
ing teaspoonful each of common salt and
ground mustard stirred into it; this vomits
ss soon ns it roachs tho stomach ; but for. fear
some of thc poison might remain, swallow tho
whites of ono or two raw eggs or drink a cup
of strong ooffco, these two hoing antidotes for
a greater numbor of poisons than auy deon
other articles known, with the advantage of
their boing always at hand ; if not, a pint of
sweet oil, or lamp oil, or "drippings," or
melted butter or lard, arc geod substitutes,
especially if tboy vomit quickly.
3. Thc best thing to stop thc bleeding of a
moderate cut instantly, is to cover it profusely
with cobweb, flour and salt, half aud half.
4. If thc blood comes from a wound by jets
or spurts, bc spry, or tho man will die in a
few miuutcs, because an artery is severed; tie
a handkerchief loosely around, near the part
between the wound and thc heart j put a slick
between thc handkerchief and thc skin, and
twist it around uutil thc blood ceases lo flow;
keep it there until thc doctor comes; if in a
position where tho handkerchief cannot bc
used, press tho thumb on a spot near tho
wound, between tho wound and tho heart;
increase thc pressure uutil tho bleeding ceas
es, but do not lesson tho pressure for an instan t
before thc physician arrives, so as to glue up
thc wound by coagulation or cooling of thc
hardening blood.
5. If your clothing takos on fire slide tin
hands down tho dress, keeping them as closi
to tho body ns possible, at thc same time sink
ing to the floor by bending the knees; tbil
has a smothering effect upon thc llames; i
not extinguished or great head way gotten
lie down on tho floor and roll over and over
or better onvolop yourself in a oarpct, rug
bcdclotb, or any garment you can get bold ol
always preferring woolen.
C. If tho body is tired, rest; if tho braii
is tired sleep.
7. If the bowels oro loose, Ho down in
warm bcd, remain there, and eat nothing un
til you arc well.
8. If tho action of thc bowels docs not oe
our at thc usual hour, cat not an atom unti
they do act, at least for thirty-six hours
meanwhile drink largely of cold water or ho
teas, and exercise in tho open air to thc cs
tent of a gentle perspiration, and keep thisu
until things aro lighted; this suggestion, i
practiced, would savo myriads of lives ever
year, both in tho city and country.
0. Tho three best medicines in thc worl
arc warmth, abstinence and repose.
[IlalVs Journal of Health.
LIFE TRANSFERRED.-A successful open
tion of tho tran fusion of blood was roccntl
performed by Dr. Enrico Albnncso, at th
hospital of Palormo, Sicily. A youth, agc
seventeen, named Guiscppe Ginazzo, of Cii
?si, was reooivod into the establishment on th
29th of September last, with a bad tumor o
bis log, which in tho ond rendered amt; ut
tion nocoossnry. Tho pationt being very ratio
emaciated and laboring undor fever, tho o]
oration rodaoed him to a worse stato than o<
or, and it b coa m o opp aro nt that bo was fa
sinking, tho pulso boing imporooptiblo, tl
oyes dull, and tho body oold. In this orno
gonoy, Dr. Albanoso had reoourso to tho tran
fusion of blood, os tho ouly retnody that bi
not bcon tried. Two assistants of tho hosp
tal offered to havo their veins opened for tl
purpose, and thus, at two different intorva
220 grains of blood woro introduced into tl
patient's system. Aftor tho first time ho i
covered thc faoulty of spoooh, and stated tli
boforo ho oould neither soo nor hoar, but f<
as if ho woro flying in thc air. Ho is now
a fair stato of rooovory.
SIGNS OF TUB WEATHER.-If tho d<
lies plentifully on tho grass after a fair d?
it is a sign of another. If not ?nd thaw
;t
e
e
o
t
il
n
Ol
W
donso in the middle and bright towards
edges, with tho sky bright they aro signi
a frost, with hail, snow or rain. If ole
form high in air, in thin, white trains, 1
looks elf woe), they portend wind, ?nd pi
ably rain. Wbou a general cloudiness oo<
the sky, and small blaok fragmonts of olo
undor noa t'n, they aro a ?uro sign of rain,
probably it will bo lasting. Two ourrent
clouds always portee,*) rein ; end, in sum
thunder,
?
m..... - t ..i J ..... i i
redition in Blooping.
It is bettor to go to sleep on the right side,
for then the stomach is very muon in the po
sition of a bottle turned upside down, and the
contents of it are aided in passing out by gray
itation. If one goes to sleep on the left side,
tho operation of emptying the stomaoh of ita
contents is moro like drawing water from a
woll. After going to sleep, let the body take
its own position.
If you sleep on your back especially soon
after a hearty meal, tho weight of the diges*
tive organs and that of tho food resting on the
great vein of tho body, noar the backbone;
compresses it, and arrests tho flow of tho blood
moro or less. If thc arrest is partial, thc ?doep
is disturbed/and there arc unpleasant dreams.
If thc meal bas been recent and hearty, the
arrest is decided ; and thc various sensations,
such as falling overa precipice, or thc pursuit
of a wild bcost, or other impending danger and
tho desperate efforts to get rid of it arouse us,
and sond on tho stagnating blood ; and wc
wake in a fright, or trembling, or in a perspi
ration, or feeling exhausted, according to tho
degreo of stagnation, and tho length and
strength of thc efforts made to escape thc dan
ger.
But when wc arc unable to escape thc dan
gor when wo do fall over tho precipice, whon
thc trembling building crushes us-whet
then ? That is death 1 That is tho death of
those of whom it is said, when found lifeless
in thc morning, that "they wcro as well as
ever they wore thc day before nod often it
is added, "and ato heartier than commou I"
This last, as n frequent cause of death to those
who have gone to bed to wake no more, wo
give merely as a private opinion. Tho possi
bility of its truth is enough to deter any ra
tional man from a late and hearty mea). This
wc do know with certianty, that waking up
in thc night with painful diarrhea, or obolcra>
or bilious eolio ending in death in a very
t h ort timo, is probably traceable to a late large
meal. Thc truly wiso will take the safe side*
For persons to cat three times a day, it is am*
ply sufficient to moke tho last meal of cold
bread and butter, and a cup of some warm
drink Noone can starve on it; while a per
severance in the habit soon begets a vigorous
appet ite for breakfast, eo promising of a day
of comfort.
[flail's Journal oj Health.
SYSTEMATIC WORK.-A great amount of
time and a corresponding amount of profit is
lost on many farms by tho want of systom
in performing tho work requirod. Thia is
moro particularly thc case whon many things
need to bc attended to and different kinds of
work douo nearly at tho same time. At no
season of thc year is this more thc ease than
at tho present. The month of May is to a
groat extent tho seed-time of tho year, at
loast in this latitude, and when tho farmer
BOOS what a variety of crops aro, to be planted,
it is not strange that ho should foci somewhat
porploxad as to what ho shall attend to first.
To all who arc in any doubt as to what course
they shall pursue, we would reocommend that
tho very first evening after reading this arti
cle they sit down, tako a shoot of paper, pat
down on it tho several orops to bo provided'
for, or tho different kinds of work to bo done
and thon systematically arrange them in theil
proper ordor, putting somo one first and th?
ot ho re in regular succession, and thoa do th?
work in that ordor. Much timo will bo lost
in any business by indecision, and by tho wanl
of adhering to somo ordor or form for aecom
plishing tho business. Or 1er is ono of tlu
first laws of nature, and without it human na
turo oan not bring much to pass ; but with or
dor, with roal system faithfully carried out
wonders may bc offootcd. Thoso 'who hnv
muoh land to cultivate will find that sy.-.tomat
tio planning and systematic labor will bo o
moro valuo than an additional hand on th
farm.- N. Y. Observer.
TUB SOUTHKUN BAI',ROAI>.-Tho hotolsc
[inoinnati are filled with tho delegates wh<
?wo repaired thither from tho States of Kot
icky, Tennessee and South Carolina to oor
lilt with tho business mon of Cincinnati as t
io plan of building tho proposed route
nd termini of tho great Southern railwa
hioh our Cinoinnati contemporaries say j
!nivoraaUy rogarded to bo a fixed fact. Thee
mtlomon say they hate no vor known a pul
o enterprise to awaken snoh universal an
profound interest. Tho gentlemen who hai
gone there to invito investigation and oompai
notos with tho commercial men of Oinoiunat
aro represented as men of wealth and positlo
"terribly in oarnest," and willing andi anxio*
to rondor a boa-ty oo-op ora tl on irv ail matte
looking to tho consummation of thc gran
result.
RICHMOND, May 15.-Considerable into
ost was excited to-day by a statement th
thc "United States Grand Jury had four
indictments against sovoral offioo-holdor& f
perjury io taking tho test oath after havir
aidod tho rebellion.
---
Qon VEDBRATK DEAD UNEARTH ED-TWEN
TY AORES or HUMAN BOKES.--Thc Rioh
mond Dispatch says :
" While our Udies are mounding and deco
rating the graves in Oakwood, fend while the !
massive stone monument te the memory of j
those who lie in Hollywood ia . gradually ap
proaching completion, it is distressing to hear
of the neglect of the bones of thoso who aro
buried whoro they fell-en the hill sides and
in the valleys in other part? of the State.
The reports that roach us of the sacrilegious
conduct of many Virginia farmers are go shook
ing that we hesitato to giro thom credence
although our duty as journalists rcquiro us to
lay vbnrc boforo our readers. A few weeks
ago wo published an account of the state of
affairs at Fort Harrison, whioh subsequent in
vestigation proved too truo. Now oomcs a
most harrowing story <Yom Malvern Hill, whero
so many of ou/ best and bravest with thoir last
drops of blood soalod their devotion to tho
Southern cause. On the Northwest side of
tho fort a most terrible scene presents itself.
Thousands of Confederate soldiers having been
buried where they fell, twenty acres or more
have just been ploughed up by the owner of
thc field, and tho ploughshare turned to tho
surface all tho skeleton*. Over tho whole
tract tho bones arc strewn in profusion, and
grinning skulls stare the visitor in tho face on
every hand. When thc farmer was question
ed ho said thc land was now the riohest picco
ho had, and in justification of the sacrilegious
act, stated that 'he didn't put 'cm there, no
how.' Tho writer learned afterward that the
bones had been taken away by the cart load
and sold to fertilizing mills in Richmond.
Two humano men, too poor to do anything else?
came one day while we were there and at
tempted to burn some of the bones to prevent j
thc wretches from oarting thom off."
MALICIOUS -Immediately after their
induction into office, the new radical
Mayor-Pillsbury-and Aldermen of Charles
ton, removed the piotures of Generals
Leo and Stonewall Jackson, that formerly
hung in tho Counoil Chamber, to bs re
placed by pictures of Generals Grant and
Sherman. This is contemptible meanness
-as it was intended to vex and insult the ,
good people of Charleston; and, indeed,
all true men of the South. Lee and Jackson
-whether dead or alive-will bo gratefully
remembered by ovory "patriotic man and wo
man in tho South, so long as virtue, bravery
and truo nobility finds a votary. Suoh deep
seated and implaoable malioe, will meet its
reward In due tim*.-Spartanburg Gazette.
Tn? UNITED STATES COURT-HON. GEO.
S. BUYA Nj PRESIDING.-Tho oase of Hamp
ton v?. Trcnbolm, Fraser & Co., the trial of
whioh has for some days boon ponding in this
Court, was yesterday brought to a close. The
defendants purohascd during the war a plan
tation and a largo number of negro slaves,
valued at $300,000. .* For this tbay paid
8150,000 in Confederate ourronoy, and oxecu
tod their bond, occured by a mortgago of the
property purohascd for tho remainder of
the purohaso monoy, payable after the
war. Suit waa brought upon the hood, and
tho defendants, among othor thing?, olaim
ed:
1st. That under the Ordiaauoe of the Con
vention of 1865 they were aotitlcd to show
the true nature and value of the considera
tion
2nd. That the eontraot for the purohaso of
the staves was made after Lincoln's emanci
pation proclamation, and, therefore, tho salo
in this rospeot was without consideration.-- i
That io law tho plaintiff had at that time uo
valid titlo, and had, thovoforo, nothing to soil,
and tho defendant nothing to buy.
3d. That so fur as the land was oonoornod,
all that could be recovered was tho value in
Treasury notos, in proportion to tho unpaid
portion of its purohaso io Confed?rate ourron
oy.
Thcso points were oon:estod by tho plain
tiff, who oontoo dod that tho eontraot was a
valid ono, and that being payable after tho
war, it was payable io lawful moooy of the
United States.
The oase claborato?y argued by Messrs.
Wm. K. Baohmao and Thee. G. Barker 1er
tho plaintiffs, and Messrs. A. CL Magrath and
O. G. Mommingor for the defendants.
Judge Bryan, as Ve understand, charged
the jury in favor of the positiooo taken hy
the d?fandaots. Ha held Lincoln's poete
matlon of emancipation to haye bee? valid
and conclusive, and as divesting fr ?aa thal
date all title in slaves.
The jury retired, and returned with a ver
dict fe* the plaintiff of $168.970.
[Charleston Courier.
THE COTTON CROP.-A fa o tor ago firm has
furnished us with tho following oxtrfolof*
lotter from Laurens C. H. dated May 12th.
18901 "the people all over thin Blstriot r*r?d
thonioghboringlMstriot, I bnliovo, are plough
ing up the cotton. Some are repenting with
<w\t tan mn A **> rn? with <wrn ** ^
LEK AND GRANT.-Thc New York Day
Book tells thc following, which, if it bo a sto
ry, has nevertheless a docp moral in it :
Lingard, at his thcartc on Broadway, is in
tho habit of personating tho chin-act or of liv
ing men of note. Tho other night ho carno
ont in tho oharactcr of Gen. Leo, looking, it
is said, perfeotly liko that distinguished hero,
and tho whole and i or cc responded with loud
and prolonged applause. But his next char
aotor, immediately following that of Lee, was
Gen. Grant, which causod ouly the faintest
response from four or fivo individuals. We
havo no doubt that this incident reflects very
faithfully thc relativo popularity of ?Lee and
Grant in this city. New York needs rccon.
structing moro than New Orleans docs, or
eveu than Bichmond.
WORLD TELEGRAPHS.-Thc earth is be
coming very contraotcd iu its dimensions, as
thc iron bands of railroad and telegraph aro
drawing its utmost limits together. Simul
taneously with tho completion of thc great
Pacific Railroad, uniting New York and San
Fraucisco, and making tho journey between
tho two cities ono of a week, instead of a month,
wo have tho announcement that, in the course
of thc present year, the telegraph is Virtual
ly to encircle tho globe. Gov. Curtin, Presi
dent of the East India Telegraph Company,
was in Washington last week to confer with -<
thc authorities in regard, to thc communion?
(ion with China. Tho Company have a grant,
procured by Mr. Burlingame when he was the
American Minister in China, authorising .
thom to lay a cable between Canton rand
Shanghai, thus oonnooting tho commercial *
cities of the Asiatio coast by telegraph. They .
have 500 milos of ca?ble ready to lay down,
i and will have tho romaining 500 milos ready
[to ship during the summor. Orders are to ba
issued to the commander of the Asiatio squad. * .
ron to render all tho neccessary aid and pro
tection. Tho State Department will instruct
our Minister and Consuls to give their official
aid to tho enterprise This linc, it is stated
will be completed during the present year,
and by that timo thero will be a continuous
line from the Mediterranean Sea, by In-t?a, to
China, thus oonncoting tko commercial cities
of tho Asiatic coast with Europe and Amer
ica.-JV. Y. Obscver.
SLAVES STILL.-Tho Washington Intelli
gencer says tho negro is as rauc'i a slave aa
he over was. Enrolled in Loyal Leagues,
bound up to obedience by oaths, controlled
! in the 8ervioo of political masters, his subjoo
I tion is the samo, excopt that his boss is
changed. That has boen the case to a very
considerable extent, but the negroes are bo
! ginning to And out that they baro masters
still, and very unprofitable ones, and are as
sorting their freedom all over tho South.
I u?y* Tho area of London, ns defined by
tho Registrar-I ?encrai, and including exten
sive suburbs, is about 78,000 acres, or nearly
1122 square miles. On this aroa stand moro than
400,000 inhabited houses, with an average of
nearly eight porsons to n house, giving a mean
I density of 40 persons to an nore. The csti-.
[ mated population at tho prosont time is ii,
120,085. Tho oounty rato assessment of
1800 plaood tho animal valuo of properly in
London at ?15, 201,909.
! t??* A misguided Missouri editor demolish
es cx-Seorctary Stanton in tho following fero
cious manner: "Stanton, tho frog-soulod, hy
ena-hearted, fiendish oxooutionor of Mrs. Sur.
ratfc and murderer of Wirz, was lately bop.
I ticed and taken into a 'loyal' ohuroh at Pitts
burg. If ten thousand baptismal washings ;
yoa, if being onohorod, with a millstone tied
to his nook, in mid-ocean, for a century, will ,
? savo Stanton, tho dovil, amid all his culinary,
sinner-cooking apparatus, needn't despair."
WEATHER AND CROPS.-On the night of
tho 5th instant, a great rain foll throughout
the District, aooompsnicd with hail, washing
the lands and doing considerable damage to,
cotton just coming up, and oom. These
crops aro very baokward and tho stand inva
riably complained of as bad. . Tho woathor
remains oool, and up to tho morning of the
9th we bea? reports of slight frost. Oats and
wheat look healthy and promising, but tba
surfaoe seeded ia considered comparatively
narrow.-LauveMvilfo Herald,
Jg?" Nearly 800,000 ohildrcn wcro born
itt England and Wales alono during tho year
1868* and M the deaths during that period
.were under 500,000, a olear addition of soma
800,000 was made to the population of tho
country. Upon au average, 50,000 or 60,000 ;
persons leave yearly, so thai the nek increase
of tho population may bo put, perhaps, at
--4* *.
JRP" I" several oounttos of |ow?l '"irgtniay .:
as. ft* ?ft ns ii ottoway ?nd Amelia, th'? cult*-, il
ration of tho "peanut" has been oommonced ? .
oct quito a large seale, and iu some purees itt
acually taking tho placo of tobacco aa a mott

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