:-. ' . . .. .. ' | ' ' ' ' ''''''' '"'^ '''' "'''r' ' ''' ~~*-~r^--*~r-; - rj*j ry -
NIGHT THE DAY, frlfiU ??N0T NOT THEN BE FALSE TO ANY MAN
? v M
BV KEITH, SMITH & CO.
AV A LH ALL A, SOUTH CAROLINA THURSDAY, JUNE 7, 1877.
.'i }.i i . . frit">i >r .Mitf-i " ,?w.'.M ! S):!.
VOLUME XII-NO. 29.
LIM ? H?H*imd?Ji?i
l'UT IT IN THU BANK.
."A penny saved, o peony gained"
13o prudent and discerning;
No matter what your wants may bo,
Don't Sf.end all you aro earning.
' VCP, lad! wo know tho will is strong,
Temptations como in plenty;
?Tict fi ft on M dollars mcot your uccds,
If you arc corning twenty.
l?oy os you buy; don't run in debt
(iront oomfort is in knowing
That you oro freo from suits and duns,
That you arc uo mau owing.
So many things you'd like to have!
Next mouth your pay increases.
Look out, my lad. What will you do
If then your income ceases?
Dc generous, but bo always just;
This lifo that we oro living,
Would IOHO much pleasure with thc zest
Wc feel iu joy of giving.
How con you save, you'd liko to know?
Tell, and you'll gladly hear it
Ypjr pookcts is a dangerous place,
Your baud is always near it.
Put in thc bank all that you save,
And thou you will hove rcuson
To thunk us for tho good advice,
When comes your cloudy season.
You may have sunshine all your life!
We hope you'll have no other!
Then, with your savings in the bank,
j Just lift sumo fallen brother.
Tlie Fe II ec Law.
Tho probability is that an opportunity will
son bo given tho voters of tho several
tuvnships in each -county in tho State, to
dolore for or against tho proposed chang?'
in the feu co law. It would bo well fur each
voler to give thia subject that consideration
wboh it morita. It is not a political
quotion at all, aud politics should not bo
dravn into it. At tho samo time, it is u
question whioh oom,ems ull classes in
society, from tho humblest laborer to thc
Deforc deciding as to tho right or wrong,
advantages or disadvnntagcs, contemplated
by tho law, it should first bo understood
whatthe proposed law contemplates elTcotiog
Clearly, nothing moro in proposed to be
dono by tho new fence law than is dono by
tho law now in force At present, every
phntor is required, by law, to enclose his
crops sud thus scouro thom from thc depra
dations of his neighbors' stock. Tho pro
posed law-thc law respecting thc adoption
of whioh tho voters of thu several town
ships will bc called in a short timo to volo
-contemplates protecting tho orops of tho
planters of tho county by requiring tho
stock to bo enclosed. It is truo that thc
low, as it now stands, does not compel any
ono to fonoo his fields, but necessity doc?
Tho law now in cxistouoo regards all un
fenced lands as common pasturo grounds.
In order that tho planter may bo able to
receive damages in tho event hts crops aro
destroyed by his neighbors' stock, his crops
must bo secured by what is cailcd "a lawful
Tho proposed law docs not contemplate
forcing any mon to keep stock; but it con
templates foroing every stock owner to pre
vent his stock from dcpriu'.ating upon Iiis
neighbors' orops. It is clear that the pro
posed law takes away from no citizen any
right which bc now hos or can have All
it aims at in this respect, is to protect tho
rights of oil at tho lenst possible expenso to
To say that uo disadvantages would follow
A chango in tho fenco law of tho State,
?rould bo unrcasonob!o. No man can
.chango the location of his front gate, or of
Iiis stables, or of any of tho fences or build
inga on his plantation, without experiencing
.Romo disadvantage Notwithstanding this
foot, every former makes many ?nd great
changes on his farm. Dcforo ho made thc
.changes, he was fully nwnro of tho disud
.vontoges which ho would experience Why
.did he, in view of these disadvantages, still
wake tho ohnngc? Simply, becouso tho
advantages wero moro in number and
?greater in magnitude than tho disadvnntagcs.
Ho was willing to suffer a small loss that
ho might acquire a great gain.
This is tho question which is presented
io tho mind by tho proposed change in tho
fenco luw. Whioh can bo fenced tho easier,
the orops or tho etook? Tho luw grants
every land ownor thc right to enclose every
nore of land ho owns. Tho law, so long as
this country remains a civilized land, never
eon provont him from doing this. Tho only
exception to this general rule is in caso
publio roads poss through n man's farm.
The roads ho oan not atop. They bolong to
tho publio, and aro kept open for tho publio
Thero is no ncod that limo nnd space bo
consumed in attempting to provo that it will
cost tho country far less to fonco tho stock
than it docs to fence tho orop. No ono
who knows anything about tho foots in tho
ODBC, will Oall this statement in question.
Leas than ono tenth of tho lands that aro
cultivated, and, consequently fenced, will
bo more than suffioiont to psBturo oil tho
etook in the Stoto. Ono hundred rails will
go farther in folioing tho stock, than will a
thousand rails in folioing tho orops. This
would bo a olear saving of nino hundred
rails in a thousand. Lot it bo romcmbcrod
in thia commotion, that, in themselves, rail
tusking and fence building aro profitless
labor, Thero is nothing in them that is
productivo. Corn and cotton will prow QB
well and produce ns much in a field without
a fence, as in a field onoloscd with n rum ble
wall. All that tho fence is designed to do,
is to protect tho farm from being destroyed
by domestic animals.
Tho man who owns no laud can not say,
"This new law is hatohed up for tho pur
pose ot preventing mo from owning nny
stock." In every well regulated govern
ment, labor and capital oro mutually de
pendent upon caoh othor. As tho ftneo
law now exists, tho landholders 0f tho
country con os easily prcveot ihoso who
have noland from owning p'jok, as they
possibly will bo ublo to do Vi iho chango is
made io thc law. Every landholder hus
tho right to fence up all his land, and thus
keep all stock, except hts own, off his ianda,
livery property owner knows perfectly well
that whatever basa tendency to crush out
thc laboring class of a country, destroys thc
\aluo of property.
Some persons object to any chango being
mude in tho fence law because they will
not bo ublc to pasturo their fields uftcr thc
orops aro takon off them. This objection
is based on tho incorrect deduction that tho
luw proposes to prevent thc farmer from
fencing his fields. That would bo tyranny.
There is not a legislature or n State in tho
United States, that dare make ?mob an en
actment. It would bo a violation of thc
laws of individual rights, guaranteed by thc
Constitution of tho United States. Thc
doy will never come in South Carolina when
a man will not bo permitted to put a fence
around any and all of his fields and pasture
I hem us much and as long aa ho pleases.
Tho proposed law only contemplates per
mitting him, as ho sccs fit, to fenco or not
fence, his fields; and simply requires him,
in order to protect tho rights of others, to
cnolosc his stock.
Lot every voter, before ho casts his vote
for or against thc proposed luw, put thc
advantuges likely to result to thc county, by
tho proposed change in thc law, in ono end
of the scales, and tho disadvantages in thc
other, and then cust his volo in favor of
that law, tho advantages of which aro
groutcst. On cool reflection, it will bc
found timi thc prout disadvantage which
will result from tho practioal adoption of
tho proposed fence law, will bo nothing
more than a temporary inconvenience-thc
same kind of inconvenience which a mun
experiences when ho removes old, rickety
steps from his front door, and puts up new
steps; or takes thc leaky roof off his house
and puts on a ruin-proof roof, lt says a
great deal in favor of tho proposed law that
wherever it hus been tested, it hus given
general satisfaction.- Yorkville Enquirer,
nv M. Bi w. ir.
''Just fifty dollars, Neville, only fifty'.
You'll never miss it," I pleadingly said to
"Mary, you know I would not willingly
rofuso you any thing, but I cannot sparc
fifty dollars just now."
.'Oh, pshaw! You don't wish to gratify
I spoke hastily, half angrily,
"That is unjust, Mary," he replied in a
low tone "You do not know how much I
need it, or you would, not insist."
"Then would you havo mo go to thc
opera looking liko a fright, or slay at home
and make a hermit of myself?1"
I turned from him and walked to thc
window. In a moment he followed mc, and
placing a fifty dollar bill on tho window sill
before mo, suid kindly:
"There is ibo money, Mary, but 1 would
ruther have you remain at homo to night.
Mr. and Mrs. Winthrop aro not fit compan
ions for you, dear."
I mudo him no reply nor turned to tell
him goodby, and in ii moucnt I heard tho
street door closed, and 1 was alone I did
not sit down to think, for fear I should
waver in my resolution. I had made up
my mind to goto thc opera with Mrs. Win
throp, and I would go, if only to let my
husband seo that ho oould not control mc
in everything, oven tho selection of my own
associate?. So I throw on my wrapping,
went out and bought no opera olook of tho
richest material that I could find, ond when
tho ourringo culled for mo nt six o'clock I.
"O, what a superb montilla!" wore tho
first words that Mrs. Winthrop spoko to mo
when I took my sont in tho oarriogo. "Vin
nie Brown has ono exactly liko it; sho tells
mo that it cost her fifty dollars."
I replied by answering tho question insin
"I gavo that sum for mine."
To bo frank, I felt ju&t tho slightest
twinge of conscience os I made thc noknowl
edgemont. A drive of about twenty min
utes brought us to tho opera house, tho
conversation meanwhile being made up of
bits of fiottory on Mrs. Winthrop's por?,
and, on my own, words vaguely expressing
tho sense of gratification I experienced by
hor m cu ni ti gloss phroses. Tho mupio was
certainly ss grand ss I had ever heard but
strungo to say, I was not an attentive lis
tener. My costly cloak and dress I know
woro duly appreciated and admired, but for
all this I folt iii ot oaso. I wos beginning,
in 8pito of myself to think seriously of my
conduct. I oould liston to my connoionoo
now, aftor I had readied tho oliraax of my
desires, and accomplished a forbidden pur
poso. In thought I Heed again tho fivo
briof years of my married lifo. Had Novillo
over given mo an unkind word? Never.
Had ho over rofusod ruo any request,
whothor trifling or important? WOB ho not
now tho samo lover liko teodor husband
that ho was ?vo yoors ago, when ho brought
me, n btido, to a neat little eottago on tho
outskirts of tho town, saying, ns he lcd mo'
through the rooms, "'Tis plain and humble,
Mary, but with your presonco to brighton it
'twill bo a little paradise to mo."
I wus content with it then-content to
reign queen of my husband's hcort and of
our little dominion homo. Hut in a year or
two thc sorpent orcpt into our .Eden, and I
became its dupe
I loved society, and was too cosily drawn
into that whirlpool tItat ruins thousands
a life of fashionable goycty. Thc conse
quence was, that when 1 cuno td compare
my owii humble cottage with tho handsome
dwellings of some of my friends, it lost all
its olden beauty and chectfulness. I grew
discontented, and linally fancied myself
really unhappy. So I coaxed Novillo to
leave our littlo vino covered cottage and
rent a handsome house in thc heart of thc
city. He consented with extreme rcluc
taucc, after vainly endeavoring to show mo
tho necessity of remaining whore wo were
for a timo at least, v until ho was better
established in business.
Now the music had becomcon annoyance,
and I longed to return home, throw myself
into his ?rms, and ask his forgiveness fur ?ll
my petulance and wayward ness. J could
boar it no longer, and whispering to Mrs.
Winthrop, 1 plcudcd indisposition, ?nd
begged that eho would excuso mc. llor
husband ordered tho carriage, ossistcd mo
in, nnd wc were soon driving homeward.
Why wcro u 11 those rooms lighted? 1
queried, as I noticed, while yet somo dis
tance owny lights gtuaming from the win
dows of thc several apartments of my home.
As wc neared the house, I could seo thut
tho lights were moving, being carried by
persons running hither and thither through
thc house, seemingly in tbovwildcst confu
sion. A great, wild, indescribable fear
tugged at my heart, und scurocly waiting
for the vehicle to stop ?ts motion, I sprang
to thc sidewalk and rushed into thc hull.
? met four or Gvo persons coming out. I
did not notice them, but passed breathlessly
up thc stairway. On tho landing I mot tho
housemaid her fucc blanched with terror.
"Whut is it Martha?" I whispered
hoarsely. "Whero is Neville?"
"Oh, Mrs. Whatley! Is it you?" sho onx
"Where is Neville?" I olmost screamed.
"In there," thc frightened creature un
awcrcd pointing to tho library door.
1 hurried to tho door, but before 1
could open it, a hand was laid heavily on
my ann, and U struugcr's voioo said, ex
"Mrs. Whatley, you must not go in
"I must and will!" I said hoarsely; and
jerking myself freo from his grasp, I threw
back thc lock, ?nd stood within tho apart
Lying ?herc before mo, his pallid face
upturned to minc, was my Neville, my
husband, dead-dead! I had come to sock
his forgiveness too late. Would to Clod
that I could say now that unconsciousness
followed this terrible shock; then would I
have boon spared, for a timo at least
thc hellish torment that followed. A soul
' in perdition could scarcely huvo suffered
I knelt by his side, called him by thc old
endearing names, prosed kiss after kiss on
his lips and check and forehead. Hut my
wildest appeal brought no response to those
colorless lips, now forever and forever scaled.
My burning kisses foll on a brow as cold as
maible. 1 placed my hand above his
heart. 'Twas hunhed. I smoothed tho
clustering locks from his brow, und thus
exposed n deep gfiph, extending fur bael:
thc skull, and from which had been oozing
a purplo stream. Tho family physician,
whoso prcsctico I had not noticed, now carno
forward and replaced tho masses of luir over
tho wound I had uncovered, and taking
mo by tho arm, bndo mo follow bim from
tho room. I obeyed as passively as a child.
"Can you bear to hoar tho full particulars
now, Mrs. Whatley?" ho asked, when scated
in a not ber apartment.
"What oon I not boar?" I replied. "Have
I not already home that knowledge which
will becloud my whole future, thc very worst
that Ood could possibly send? Yes, let mo
hear it now."
Ho told it briefly.
"About on hour ogo, ns Mr. Whatley was
returning homo, a pair of mettlesome horses
broke ?way from their drivor, and oumo
dusking down tho street with frightful speed.
Just as ho turned tho cornov they carno full
upon him; ono of tho animals struck him
with his hoof;.ho lost his balance and fell,
li is bond striking tho curb stono violently,
and causing his death almost instantly."
Then ho died without a word for mc. Tho
thought was keon with anguish.
Like ono in a dream I followed tho
remains of my husband to tho cemetery,
and rcturnod again to tho walls of my deso
late homo. Weeks elapsed oro 1 become
aware that wo hod lived for beyond our
moons, and with this faot oamo tho knowl
edge that tho fault was mino alone.
Twenty years havo poescd, door reader,
sinoo that night, twenty years of remorse
and grief and bitterness. What oaro I for
tho sunlight? It scorns to mock mo os it
falls athwart my pago. Havo 1 not dar
kened my lifo with on imponetrablo shadow!
Twenty yearsl And to night I seo boforo
me, os plainly os thon that sad, sweet,
mournful face, turning from mo as ho said,
"I would rather havo you remain et homo
to-night, Mary;" and a fow boura later, that
snmo dcai' faco ghastly with tho pallor of
Render, if you aro a wife, may tho story
of my punish ment save you from a similar
futo. Gloso your heart to tho /lemons of
anger and discontent Prize thc smile of
your husband as your greatest reward, and
part not for a day nor au hour in anger. I
would sparo you tho remorse that embitters
my lifo and enwraps my heart in thc barren
ness of desolation.
Lawn of tlio Stnlo.
Joint Resolution to provide for thc rcorgani
station of thc University of South Carolina,
nnd of the State Normal School.
Whereas experience hus demonstrated
that thc existing methods of conducting tho
University of South Carolina nro impracti
cable, and unnecessarily expensive, and that
thc results attained under them arc com
mens?rale neither with thc design of tho
legislature, nor with thc hopes of tho people
who aro taxed for thc maintenance of these
institutions of learning; nnd whereas sound
public policy mnnifest'y dictates tho expe
diency of placing these und similar institu
tions, us far os may bo practicable, upon
such a basis ns will enable them to afford thc
largest possible educational udvuntuges to all
classes of citizens at an outlay compntiblo
with ibo present embarrassed condition of
tho finances of tho State; therefore,
lie it enacted, by tho Semite and House
of Representatives of the Stato of South
Carolina, now met ond eitting in Gcncrul
Assembly,' und by the authority of tho
SECTION 1. That his Excellency thc
Governor bc, and he is hereby, directed to
assume control of all tho property, real nnd
personal, of thc Slate Universal and Normal
School, now belonging to nnd ustd by these
intitulions, nod to placo tho same in thc
custody and under the management of some
discreet nnd competent person, who shull
have tho power, by und with the conscut of
thc Governor to rent tho dwelling houses
thereof to sui table tenants, and uso the pro
ceeds arising from Buch routais iii keeping
all thc property in good condition und re
pair, and in compensating himself for his
services in this regard: Provided, that suoh
compensation shall bo determined by the
Governor, und that an itemized account of
the receipts and expenditures herein con
templated shall bo transmitted, through tho
Governor to tho General Assembly, nt its
next regular session, and annually there
after until it shall be otherwise ordered by
SKO. 2 That his Excellency the Governor
and tho Ronni of Trustees, who, together
with thc Chairman of tho Commiltccs on
education of thc Senate and of the House
of Representatives, respectively shall consti
tute u commission to inquire iuto and de
vise plans for tho organization and mainten
ance of uno university or collego for tho.
whites nnd ono for the colored youths of
thc State, whicli said universities or colleges
shall bc kept separate and apart, but shall
forever enjoy precisely tho same privileges
and advantages with respect to their stund
nrds of learning, and tho amounts of vevc
nue to bo appropriated by tho Stute for
their maintenance. This commission to
report by bill or otherwise, at tho next regu
lar session of the General Assembly, nnd lo
rcccivo no compensation for thc services of
SKC. 3. That said commission shall
suggest such measures ns they may deem
necessary to secure n moro economical
management of said institutions, und to
consolidate where prncticublo tho different
Approved Juuo 7, 1877.
?-^. -- --
Ci-usliiiii; out u linnie.
[From thc Now York Journal of Commerce.]
How can wo expect banks to do business
and pay dividends in Now York when, be
sides their other burdens, they arc
weighted with such oppressive taxes? If
the Dry Goods Rank winds up nnd takes
?1,000,000 more of capital out of circulation
that misfortune will bc amit her testimony to
tho oiucl folly of thc present system of bank
taxation, national and Stato. Tho poiut ut
nt which this bank proposes to go into
liquidation might bc avoided but for thc
tuxes. These aro "tho last feather that
brooks tho oamol's back." Coming on top
of thc other inovitablo expenses of running
n bank, and tho prevalent business depres
sion, they make tho reasons strong why the
stockholders of tho Dry Goods Rank should
consider tho expediency of closing out tho
concern. Tho national taxes on this bank
Inst your wero $ill,000, and tho Stato,
county and city taxes 829,000, a total of
just four per cent, on its whole capital.
What hopo lins a bank of making headway
against such odds as these? And how soon
will some other banks bc obliged to itnitato
tlie course forced upon this ono, or at least
to reduce their oapital largely? Wo warned
tho Legislature of tho result that would
follow its refusal to correct tho injustice of
the State banking law. Those who despised
nnd laughed at our monitious will now real
ize somo of tho consequences. Perhaps, by
I tho timo tho next Logislaturo and Congress
moot, tho lesson taught will bo impressive
onough to forco from thom a roi COPO or
mitigation of tho loads that aro now crush
ing tho lifo out of our banks,
< ? -- ? ? -.
Tho Stato Treasurer's Monthly statomcnt
for May, 1877, shows ?70,808.87 reooivod.
and 8407 oxponded. For Juno tho receipts
were 807,765.01 and expenditures $M.r>, .
712 89, loaving A balance in tho Treasury
Judge- Bradley, of tho United States
Court, nnd Erskioe, District Judge, nt tho
recent session of tho Court at Athene,
Georgia, have modo a general order which
will hereafter prevent thc arrests of persons
charged with offences ogoiust tlio rcvenuo
luws upon insufficient evidence, whereby
nindi useless expenso is onusod to thc
government, aud tho personal liberty of tho
people is unnecessarily interfered with. Had
(bis order boen mude long ago, much tronido
nnd pcrhnps many lives would htivo been
Bayed. Preliminary to tho order, Judge
"Ono oouso of thia evil scorns to bo the
fact that warrants ure i.ssucd upon iii o nffi
duvitof Boiuo officer; who, upon tho relation
of others whoso ninnes arc not disclosed,
swears that, upon information, he has reason
to bcliove and doe? believe tho person
charged has committed the offence charged.
Tho District Judge, not being sutisficd that
this is a sufficient ground for issuing u
warrant of arrest, has desired my advice iu
tho matter. After examination of thc
subject we havo come to the conclusion that
such an affidavit does not meet thc require
monts of tho constitution, which, by tho
fourth article of thc umcndmeuls, declares
that tho right of thc pcoplo to be sccuro in
their persons, housos, papers mid effects
against unreasonable searches mid seizures
shall not bo violated; and that no warrants
shall issue but upon probable cause, sup
ported by oath or affirmation, describing tho
place to be searched and tho persons bo
seized. It is plain from this fundamental
enunciation, as from the books of authority
on criminal matters in common law, that
the probablo cause referred to, nnd which
must bc supported by oath or affirmation,
must bc submitted to tho committing magis
trale himself, mid not merely lo un official
accuser, so that he, tho magistrate, may
exercise his own judgment cu the sufficiency
of the ground shown for believing tho ac
cused person guilty; and this ground must
amount to a probablo causo of belief or
suspicion of thc party's guilt. lu other
words, the magistrate ought to have before
him thc ont h of t he real accuser, presented
either in tho form of un nffidavit, or taken
down by himself by personal examination,
exhibiting tho facts on which thc chargo is
bused, nud on which thc belief or suspicion
of guilt is founded. The uingistruto may
then judge for himself, and not trust to thc
judgment of another, whether sufficient and
probable cause exists for issuing a warrant.
It is probable that by exercising this
degree of caution, somo guilty person may
escape publio prosecution; but it is better
that somo guilty ones should escapo than
that many innocent persons should bc sub
jected to tho expenso and disgrace attendant
upon being arrested upon a onmiunl charge;
mid this was undoubtedly tho beneficent
reason upon which tho constitutional pro
vision rofcrrcd to was founded."
Following this, tho Judgo made tho
general order for tho guidance of Commis
sioners io tho manner of issuing warrants
of arrest against persons charged with
crime, to wit:
''No warrant shall bo issued by any Com
missioner of this court for tho scizuro or
arrest of any person charged with n ci imo
or offence against the laws of tho United
States upon more belief, or suspicion of thc
person making such charge; hut only upon
probablo cause, supported by oath or affirm
ation of suoh person, in which shall bc
stated tho facts within his own knowledge
constituting tho grounds for suoh belief or
in open court this, tho 31st day of Moy,
JOSEPH P. BRADLEY,
JOHN ERSKINE, Judge.
Attest: Flt AN K A.,HAM, Deputy Clerk
of said Court.
WHAT Wn.r. MAKE HENS LAV?-Put
two or moro quarts of water in n kettle, and
ono largo seed pepper or two small ones,
then put tho kettlo over thc fire. When
tho water boils, stir in coarso Indian meal
until you have a thick mush. Let it cook
un hour or so. Peed hot. Il orso radish
chopped fino mid stirred into mush os pre
pared in the above directions, nnd for results
wo ?rc getting from fivo to ten eggs per day;
whereas, previous to feeding wo had not
had eggs for a long timo. We hoar n great
deni of complaint from other people about
not gelling eggs. To such wo would
warmly recommend oooked food, fed hot.
Boiled npplo skins seasoned with red
pepper; or boiled potatoes, seasoned with
horse radish, ore good for feed; much better
than uncooked food. Corn, when fod to thc
hens by itself, lins a tendency to fatten hens
rather than of producing tho moro profitable
ogg laying. A spoonful of sulphur stirred
with their feed occasionally, will rid thom
of vermin and tono up their systems, lt
is (-specially good for young ohiokous or
turkeys. Out of a (look of ton hatohed last
November, wo have lost btu ono. They
havo boen fod on cooked food mostly, and
aro growing finely.
In tho Presbyterian Gcnoral Assembly,
rooently oonvened in Chicago) tho commit
tee, to which was rofcrrcd a memorial re
lating td tho communion wino, reported
that tho control of this subject should bo
left to tho sessions of tho severn 1 churches,
with recommendations that tho purest wino
attainable ho vined. An amendment, Hint.
intoxicating wino is not necessary at com
munion, but that non- alcohol fruit of tho
vino should ho used, was tabled, and tho
report was adopted,
Walhulla is a plucky little pince, and is
just now ulakine commcudnblo exertions in
behalf of educulion. She now has a charter
in sbnpo for establishing another eollcgo in
ber midst. Wo leurn from tbo KKOWEK
(Wulhullii) CpUJIlKlt that twenty of her
citizens have subscribed ?500 euch, ond
$000 moro had been raised up to June 28th
with prospects of much more. Thc Collego
is to bo inaugurated ntul conducted uuder
tho auspices of tho Presbyterian Church.
This is us it should bo. Thc Baptists hove
their Forman University, tho Lutherans
their Newberry College, tho Associate Rc
formcd iheir Krskine, tho Methodists their
Wofford, and now tho Prcsbyteiians aro to
have their Walhalla College. This donoin
iiiation is noted for its encouragement of
learning, and they can no doubt support a
first class institution in thin State. Hereto
fore they have sent their boys mostly to
Davidson College, N. C. Davidson is a
good college, but wo hope soon to seo one ot
Wulhulla, S. O.i equal to it. Success to tho
ctitci pi ?i.e. - Newberry Herald.
A SCHOOL BOY ON CORNS.-Corns r.ro
of two kinds-vegetable and anima), Vege
table corn grows in rows, und un i in ul coli?
grows on toes. There arc several kinds of
corn; there is thc unicorn, capricorn, com
dodgers, field corn, and thc corn which i tho
corn you foci most. It is 6oid, I believe,
that gophers Uko corn, but persons having
corns do not like to "go fur," if they cnn
help it. Coros have kernels, ard colonels
have corns. Vcgctablo corn grows on cars,
but animal corn grows on feet nt tho other
end of thc body. Another kind of coro is
thc acorn; these grow on oaks, but thero is
no hoax about tho com. Tho neoru is a
corn with au indefinito article indeed. Try
it and sec. Many a man when ho hus u
I com wishes it was an acorn. Folks that
hove corn sometimes scud for a doctor, and if
thc doctor himself is corned ho probably
won't do so well as if ho isn't. Tho doctor
says oorns aro produced by tight boots and
shoes, whioh is probably tho reason why
when a man is tight they say ho is corned.
If a firmer manages well bc oan got a good
deal of corn on on acre, but 4 know of a
farmer that has one corn that makes tho
biggest ocher on his furm. Tho bigger crop
of vegetable corn a man raises tho better
he likes it; hut tho bigger crop of animal
corn ho raiser thc better ho docs not Uko
it. Another kind of corn is tho corn
dodger. 'Tho way it is mado is very simple,
and is as follows-that is, if you want, to
know: You go along thc sticct and moot n
man you know hus n corn, and a rough
character; thou you stop on tho toe that has
a corn o;i it, and sec if you haven't occa
sion to dodge. IQ that woy you will find
out what a corn dodger is.
SocrAT. LiFB.-Any great movement for
good in BOoinl lifo begins at homo. It
begins with fut!.ors and mothers. Tho first
and highest duty is to muko homo cheerful
a.nd attractive. Husband and wife must do
this for each other. Without this mutual
affection will dry up. If they have chil
dren, it is their duty to make homo sweet
and precious to them. Children with good
homes .seldom go to tho bad. Girls who
have learned to trust their mother, in their
whole round of thought, seldom get talked
about. Boys who arc made to ?feel tho
strength of u father's and thc tenderness of
a mother's love, seldom runs wild. Their
natural lovo of fun and mischief docs noe
bind them over to thc devil's service.
Pleasant, cheerful and bright homes, then, '
ore tho groat demand. They may bo poor,
but they can still bc pleasant and attractive
and good. Tho heart und spirit aro moro
than furniture and dwelling.
TUE KAUT.Y RISING DI'I.UMON.-For
farmers and thoso who live in localities wh?>Vo
people can retiro ot eight or nine o'clock ir?
tho evening, tho old notion of eariy Tisiiig
is still appropriate. But ho who is kept up
till ten, oloven or twelve o'clock, and then
rise at five or six because of tho teachings
of some old ditty about "carly to vise," is
committing a Bin ogainst his own soul.
There is not ono man in 10,000 who eau
afford to do without seven or eight boura
sleep. AH that stuff written about groat
men who slept only thrco or four hours a
night is npochryphnl. They havo havo
boen put upon suoh small allowances occa
sionally and prospered; but no man ever
yet kept healthy, in body and mind, for ii
number of years, with less theo seven ov
hours' elcop. If you can goto bcd .carly,
then riso carly; if you cannot got to bcd
till late, then risc lato, It may bo ns propor
for ono man to risc ot eight ns it is fi r an
other lo riso ut five. Let tho rousing bell
bo rung nt least thirty minutes boforo your
publio appearance. Physicians .say that?
suddefi jump out of bcd givc? irregular
motion to tho pulse. Givo us timo lifter
you cal) to roll, ga/.o ot thc world full in tho
! face, and look boforo wo leap.
CKKTAIN SION?.-If you brook a look?
ing gloss, it is a sign you will havo to get
If you help yourself to n pioco of butter
whoo you already hnvo a picco on your
plate, it is o certain sign that you havo two
Novor start to go any whore or do anything
on Friday, because you can't got a groat way
If yon drop a fork ?nd it sticks in ?ha
floor, it is u good fork.
If you spill tho dishcloth on the floor, it 41
is a sign you'll havo to pick it up again.
These signs all hold good iu u dry time,
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