aja aaa fa?
i '.'Ni'I U) ,V ???
? I V.f.l..
_ . _
V . - f 'i :> ?.J
? r f" HM
TO THINE OWN S ELF ?E TRUE, AND IT MUST FOll?W AS THE
BY KEITlfr, ?SJ*VIITII & CO.
WALHALLA, SOUTH CAROLINA, THU USD A Y, MAY 8, L879.
4? Years Before the Public.
DR. C. McIANFS
FOR THE CURE OF
Hepatitis, or Liver Complaint,
DYsrnrsiA AND SICK IIBAOACIIB.
Symptoms of a Diseased Liver.
I)AIN in the righ't side, under the
edge of the ribs, increases on pres
sure; sometimes thc pain is in the left
side; the patient is rarely able to lie
on the left side ; sometimes the pain is
felt under the shoulder blade, and it
frequently extends to the top of the
shoulder, and is sometimes mistaken
for rheumatism in the arm. The
stomach is affected with loss of appe
tite and sickness; the bowels in gen
eral are costive, sometimes alternative
with lax;-the head is troubled with
pain, accompanied with a dull, heavy
sensation in the back part. There is
'generally a considerable loss of mem
ory, accompanied with a painful sen
sation of having left undone some
'thing which ought to have been done.
A slight, dry cough is sometimes an
attendant. The patient complains of
weariness and debility; he is easily
startled, his feet are cold or burning,
and he complains of a prickly sensa
tion of thc skin; his spirits are low;
and although he is satisfied that exer
cise would be beneficial to him, yet
beean scarcely summon up fortitude
enough to try it. In fact, he distrusts
'every remedy. Several of the above
'symptoms attend the disease, but cases
have occurred where few of them ex
isted, yet examination of thc body,
after death, has shown the LIVER lo
.have been extensively deranged.
AGUE AND FEVER.
DR. C. MCLANE'S LIVER PILLS, IN
CASKS OF AGUE AND FEVER, when
'taken with Quinine, are productive of
the mpst -happy results. No better
'cathiiMc 'can be used, preparatory to,
"or after taking Quinine. We would
'advise all who are afflicted with this
'disease to give tHerrra'FAIR TRIAL.
For all bilious derangements, and as
ia simple purgative, they are unequaled.
HE,<i,'A,ftE OF IMITATIONS.
The genuine arc never sugarcoated. ,. ,
livery box bas a red wax seal on flic lid,
with the impression DR. MCLANE'S LIVER
Thc genuine MCLANVS LIVER Pr'in.sliehr
thc signatures of C. MCLANE rthd FLEMING
BROS. on the wrappers.
^Insist upon having tire genuine T>K. C.
MCLANE'S LIVER PILLS, prepared'by Flem
ing Bros., of Pittsburgh, Pa., thc ma'rkei being
'full of imitations of thc name JlfcLrtiiif,
spelled differently but same pronunciation.
tpiIE undersigned petitions to tho Probate
A Court for a final settlement of thc estate of
James Moore, minor, OE Monday, the 6th tlhy
of May. 1879, at ll o'clock A. M., and fora
final discharge from Bnbl guardianship.
11HNRV MYERS, Ounrdian.
April 3, 1870 20 'lt
DR?; J: M. M^CLANAHA^
HAVINO resumed tho praolico of medicino,
offers his profession? 1 services to tho com
Otfico al his vesidenco nt Raobolors' Retreat,
'?oonee Oounty, S. (J.
August 8, 1878 88
THE noxt session of this institution will
commonoo THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER
It ia an advantage tc teachers and pupils to
enter the various classes at that timo, for a
?ow weeks dolay rondo* it difficult to advance
Board tn Collogo and in private
familios. por month,' - - $10.00
Juvenile Dopartmont, por rrtonth, - .SO
Primary Department, por month, * .80
AoadomioDopartmont, per month, - LOO
Collegiate Dopartmont, por month, - 3.00
Those priooB aro exclusive of Stato approx
Music War and Fancy Work extra.
For particulars, address,
I>R. J. P. SilIUI/rKER*
July 25, 1878, 30
energotio oanvassers to ongngoin a pleasant and
profitable business. Oood mon will find this a
To IvIeuiVce looney.
Buoh will please answor this advertisement
by l?ttor, onolosing stamp for reply, stating
what business thoy havo been cngagod in.
Nano but thoBo who moan business need apply.
Finley, ??arvey Se Co, Atlanta,Qa.
Mar ob 1.1, 1870, * 17-ly.
Widow Green's Last Words.
"I'm goin' to die," says Widdor Orbed;
"I'm goio' to quito thin airthly ?cene.
It ain't no pl nco for DIO to stay
Io suoh n world as tis to-day.
Such works, and ways is too m?oh foi too.
Nobody o?n't let nobody be.
Tho girls is flounced from top to toe,
An' that's tho hull of what they know.
The mon is road on bonds an' stooks,
Swearin' an' shootin', and piokin' looks.
I'm real afraid I'll bo bonged myself,
Ef I ain't laid OD my finn! Bhelf.
Tb ero ain't a oree tur but knows to-do y
1 never was a lunatic in any way,
But siooo crassy 'folks all go free
I'm dredful afraid they'll hang up mo.
'Ibero's anothor molter that's pesky hard:
I cab't go into a neighbor's yard
To nay MJow bo your or borrow a :piu
Hut what tho papers will have it in.
.We'vo pleased to soy tho Widder Oreen
Took dinner on Tuesday with Mrs. Keene,'
Or 'Our worthy friend, Miss Green, hus
Down to Barkhamstcd to seo her son.'
Great Jerusalem! can't I stir
Without raisin' some fellow's fur?
There niu'.t uo privnoy, so to say,
No more than if this wus tho Judgment
And cs for mcctiu'-I waut to swear
Whenever I put head in there;
Why, eveu 'Old IJuudrcd's' spiled and
Like everything else under th'o sun.
It used to bo so solemn and slow
Pruiso to the Lord from men below;
Now it goes Uko a gullopin' Btc'er,
High diddle, diddle, there and hero!
No moro respect to the Lord above,
No more'n cf ho whs hand and glove
With all tho orcctcrs ho ever made,
And ol) tho jigs that over was played.
Proaohiu', too-but hero I'm dumb;
But I'll tell you what! I'd like it somo
Ef good old Parson Nathan Strong,
Out of his grove would como ulong,
An' give us a stirrin' taste o' fire
Judgment nud justice is my desire.
Tain't al) lovo and sickish sweet
That makes this world or t'other complete,
But la! I'm old. I'd better bc den-d.
Whoo tho world's n turnilY over my hoad,
Speril's talkin' Uko tamal fools,
Bible's kicked out o' destriot schools,
Crazy oreeturs u minderin' round
Honest folks better bo under ground.
So faro yo wolli This airthly soono
Won't no no moro bo pestered by Widdet
.[From tho New Orleans Times.]
The Negro Exodus.
'lt is urfclcss to attempt to disguiso tin
fact that there is a serious disturbance it
"several parishes of this Slate among tin
ucgro agricultural laborers. Large num
bers of thom precipitately fled from tin
Ht ate. to 'seek homes in Kansas and otho
Western parts. Wo hope-wo believe th?
this exodus hus "somewhat abated, but vii)
the question of thu propriety and fcasibilit;
of leaving en masVo is being seriously dis
cussed in many portions of tito State b
tho blacks, and hus just been the subject o
"consideration by a 'convention o'f 'colorci
leaders in this city. Wo cannot tell ho\
soon thc emigration and expatriation o
these people moy again set ie, nor to who
extent it may go. This Wo 'do kn'ow, how
over, that thc planting interests Inivc iilVaiid
sulfured in some places, and that if some
thing is not dono to chook nnd io proven
tho recurrence of tho movement, Mic ogri
cultural industries of the S'nto will b
seriously o Hoot ed. Tito most, importun
element, in the wealth of this Slate is till
class of agricultural la hore is. Whatever (
vrluo tho land hos, depends upon thou
Let them remove from tho State, and unt
they cnn bo replaced, tho cane and cotto
lund? will remain approximately ns vnluelcf
us a desert waste. It would bo practiotibl
imposBiblo to reploco our laborers. Th
tide of Europcnn emigration sets Westwnrc
und not to thc South.
Tho limo hos passed when this threat
encd departure of colored pcoplo can li
prevented by politicians. Thoir method
huvo been tiled-their promises havo bec
weighed and found wanting. Indeed, thc
aro incapable, os a olass, of undorstandin
! tho situation, or else they arc so insinoci
as to bo unworthy of bolicf and confidcnoi
This is shown from tho way in which thc
hove discussed tho difficulty. Instead <
at onoo accepting tho fact that tho emigra
(ion of tho negroes is tho result of dissutis
faction with their surroundings and n sent
of insecurity) from what ever Source in
Spired) these politicians have continued i
assert that tho movement W08 originate
in tho N'drth; that it is a politic
?chemo of tho enemies of tho Sooth nnd
not tho result of looal causes, That thoi
aro men iu tho North who ufo seeking t
foment these troubles out of mero politic
hatred of tho South wo believe, that thoi
aro other unreasoning fanatios who ai
seizing this opportunity to sorve tho ncgi
ss thuy boliovo, regardless of tho oonsc
quonoos to thoir own raoo, is also tm
But Northern politicians and philuntbr
pist8 oo?ld not havo induoed tho oxpatrii
tion of a hundred negro families but for tl
belief that hus settled Upon tho minds <
their ruc? that they cannot have justico i
tho land bf thoir birth. To eradicate th
boliof, to rcinspire tho colored raoo wit
Confidenoo and thus chook tho oxodus, wi
bo the work of a different clos? of nie
from those Who havo spent their lives, i
minniging political oaUousofi attd Bookin
Tho negroes aro told that if they, leavo
tho sunny and hospitable South they will
lind in Kansas bold and iuolotnont weather,
and rcooivo no osnistanoo or encouragement
from tho people aiuougst whom they pro*
poso to ed. New this is all nonsense; it is
worse, it is not true, and tho folly of suoh
talk will only rebound upon those who uso
it. Tho truth is, thc elimalo of Kansas is
milder thou Virginia, Koutuoky, Maryland,
and portions nf TCOUCESCU. It is a wopdor
fully rioh and productivo country, and tho
peoplo of that Stato aro only too ready to
welcome'emigrants who aro trained to agri
cultural labor. Jt is better that wo should
frankly say this than 'that wo 'should repeat
tho curreut BtorU'8, Tho truth will ulti
mately roa'oh th'o colored peoplo from those
who have ah cady gouo.
In our opinion tho only wiso course to
pursue in this crises is ouch a co'r.rso os will
iovito tho confidence of tho colored peoplo,
as will inspire them with a nen so of perfect
security for life, liberty and property; as
will convince them that they aro not to ho
deprived of (heir political rights; as will
awuken a hopo sod indicate u reasonable
prospect of au improvement of their condi
tion, as will load to a return of complete
harmony between tho races, and, finally, as
will ro-nwaken tho attachment and love
whioh these people still entertain for thc
land of their birth, und thc associates and
playmates of their birth, and thc associates
und playmates of their childhood. If thc
men of property und wisdom throughout
tho parishes will adopt this course they eau
save tho Stato from what may otherwise
prove to be an impending calamity. Bul
this can only bo done by tho plant?is; poli
ticians cannot help.
i As wc have Said Yho negroes aro lea vi np
[ thc State becaufo there exists among them
a penuo of insecurity-nn apprehension 'thal
their oivil sud politioal rights aro in dangoi
-a belief that they cannot havo justice
Thc truth oompcls us to admit that these
apprehensions uro not altogether unreasona
ble; that they aro tho natural resulto of th'?
conduct of a cluss of iricprcssiblo younj
men-young politicians they think them
selves, who have no interest in penco ant
order since they havo no ambition bat t<
get office. That tho acts of these peoph
hove been exaggerated by politicians of th
other side, that Radical politicians, whit
and black, have been guilt) of equal, if no
greotcr offences, is nil truo. But tho fae
remains that the threatened emigration c
tho negroes is to be traced to tho conduc
of this olass who seem to cmuluto tho ham
Let thc men of substanoo in each parish
tho planters who depend upon tho negroc
and upon whom the negroes depend, orgar
izo themselves to protect and aid their ow
laborers. Let them look to tho safety an
prosperity of tho negroes, and it will re
(lound to their own advantage as well as 1
tho happiness of thoso who aro protcoto<
Let them give due warning to all v iola toi
of thc law that thc era of peace has corni
in short, let tlic planters by a comino
effort, mid through tho means of ntl eflioiet
organization, secure to the blacks pcrfci
prjteotioti in their lives and propcity, an
in the civil and politioal rights, and ll
exodus will end.
Wu have ono word to add. Tho bibi
question in tho South will only be final
and satisfactorily settled when a considcrn
ble portion of the negroes become perm
m 'fitly attached to tho soil us renters und.
long leases or os owners of small farm
We cannot now elab?ralo thc suggcstioi
But in some wuy let tho colored man undc
htun'd 'that, after nil ho may yet secure, he
in "thc South tvhoro ho was born, arnot
thoso whom helms known from childhoo
tllOSO "forty uVres und a mule."
(Correspondence of \\\'o New York Herald
WASHINGTON, April 27, ?870-M
King, Representativo in Congress fro
Louisiana, hus received ? lotter from Co
cord in Parish in that Stato, well known
tho North, and who owns several plant a tin
in Louisiana, and who writes Rc
Concordia, under dato of April 21, as f?
Wo aro all very uneasy about tho Kant
emigration of tho negroes, they being drin
and bulldozed away by their leaders, ey?
thoso who do not wish to go, nnd they a
told that tho government is to givo them
Kansas lands and mules, ?fcc.; that t
government will not nllow them to rema
in this part of tho country; that tho india
will bo brought in to kill all who roma
at tho end of eighteen months. An ago
passed through hero Inst week telling tl
ntoty, and another told them that tho Que
of Spain hus bought nil of these lands ui
and that if all do not olear out she w
have thoui slaiightorod. Every fow da
some of thoso agents como alo
with these lios. Tho negroes aro I
from hiding thia; they como for protocti
and toll us hbout it and they oro worried
death, but tho government, they sriy, to
Ulern that they aro in mortal dtiniv
Never were .tilings nddro prosperous th
now, but I very rauoh fear that wo liri
groat troublo ahead and tho moro pub
you moko tho truth that tho negroes t
really prosporous boro and do not wish
loayo, but aro being driven away by th?
scorot emissaries from tho North tho boll
it will bo for thom, lt is told boro tl
money is boinia raised to help them lea'
but who is doing this no ono oan toll.
?8 ov'ldbfHty io injure thc planton. , I su
?f?so Me H?jitain hos written you'.of tho m
<*HY* lo? Spokan' twilling his fivo mules 1
S IO; illili ii ilinereuH hogs for fifty cents ea
mid iodviiig tl opl?ddld crop of cotton a
corn, with tho b?rdest work of tho soaaou
Moifi MEANS OP DEOEPTION.
In addition to those ohoerful proolotna
tious, gorgeously illuuiinatcd ohroino litho
graphs of Kansas soones have been diatri
buted among tho bluoks. A gentloman
who has seen some of thone chromos writes
that tho most ravishing presentiment of
rural lifo.in Kansas is depicted. Tho ne
groes look on tho State os a second para
dise, compared with which old Canaan is a
Florida swump. Ono of these pictures,
entitled UA Frecdnjan,'s Home/? repre
sents a Quo landscape with Golds of
ripening grain stretching away to tho setting
THE FREEDMAN'S HOME.
lu thc foreground, illuminated by a mar
velous sunset, stood tho freedman's homo.
It wa? a picturesque cottogo with gables,
dormer windows and wido vcranduo.
French windows roached down to tho floor,
and through the open casements appeared a
seductive scene in tho family sitting room.
Tho colored father who hus just returned
from his harvest holds, sat in an 'easy chair
reading n newspaper, while tho children
and babies rolliokcd on tho floor of thc
piazza. Through thc open door of the
kitchen tho oolored wife could bo scon
directing tho servants aud cooks who wcro
prepariug thc ovoning meal; in tho parlor,
however, was tho most enchanting feature,
for ot a grand piano was poised tho belle
of the household, and beside the piano
whoro she was playing stood hor colored
lover, devouring her with his eyes, whilo
he abstractedly turned tho leaves of her
in?sio. Just to one sido of tho dwelling ap
peared a commodious burn and oatriagc
house and workmen busily engaged in
putting in order their reapers and mowers
for tho 'following day.
HERDS OP BUFFALO,
Iii ono of these pictures tho "Old Auntie"
sfca Cu tho veranda knittings stocking whilo
she 'gazes on herds of buffalo and antelope,
which aro feeding on tho-prairies beyond
thc wheat holds. Approaching tho goto
a handsome young colored man is soon
coining in from n hunt, with a dead buck
and a string of wild turkeys slung over his
shoulders. These agricultural cartoons io
Vivid coloring, tho writer reports, aro doing
muoh to influence tho minds of tho more
STATEMENT OF MU. KINO.
In an interview this ovoniug, Mr. Jv i np
said that he regretted to say that tho exo
d?? of tho negroes from Louisiana wat
becoming serious along tho b?nks of thc
Lower Mississippi where embarkation waf
easy. Ho said:
My letters tell mo that large numbers ol
negroes aro leaving every day. Tho ohiel
cause in the beginning wus tho low price!
of cotton and of wages. Then railroac
agents came and reported that free home
steads would ho had on tho Hues of cortan
railroads in Kansas.
And ho lind no doubt that tho newspape
and telegraphic reports of tho daily depart
ures were true Agents, ho said, for fou
months hud boen circulating ohrom?s o
Kansas homesteads whioh wero to be givoi
freo to settlers. Letters to this effect wer
received hero constantly.
OTHER REASONS FOR THE STAMPEDE.
In addition to tho low prices of cottoi
thc overflow in low districts and the ycllo\
fever ravages had muoh to do with th
stampede. If prices of cotton had kop
higher it would not havo occurred Th
exodus began in districts whore there ha
been no political troubles, and tho pani
has only reached tho sections where sue
disturbances have been known. Trunspoi
talion up tho rivor is very cheap. Fror
New Orleans to Vioksburg, a distanco c
nearly four hundred miles, thc faro io onl
$2 for deck passengers traveling in gang!
INJURY TO THE SOUTH.
General King added that tho preset
exodus is undoubtedly a groat dotrimor
and oven ruin to many people iu the Sout
who linvo borrowed money ir? New Orlouii
which has been borrowed from Now Yor
and other Northern banks, and has boo
laid out for supplies or food and mules an
farming implements for lise of tho nogrot
who aro now leaving. They do not lea?
in small numbera, but depart in bodies au
leave plantations deshtuto of help, ]ji
this exodus will dot affect tho South for
long time, os other labor will como io an
oooupy those rich lands.
LETTER FROM A PLANTER.
Tlio following Isa lottor to Gon. Kinj
from Robert Carter, a largo plantor in Coi
oordia Parish under date of April 20:
A largo number of negroes aro on tl
landing ot Yidulio, ready to start for Kan
sus, and aro only Waiting fora boat, lu
word tho Kansas lever is full upon th
negrocn in Concordiu, anti it Will act Uko
panic on a bank when tho depositors mali
a run on its funds; when mon draw ot
their money ono day and put it hack tl
next. Even so it is with tho negroes, bl
by tho (imo they return to their old bonn
tho crops will bo lost. There aro all sor
of lies told to got tlicm away, such as tl
report that tho Uni tod States Govornmei
will givo. oaoli man 160 acres of land, tv
mules and freo transportation to Kainui
that tho government will clotho and fcc
them there; that if (tioy. do not go a lori
body of Indians will bo sent into tal
their soul ps, mules, clothes &3.; that 15,QC
Ch in eso aro on their way to take the
orops. Up to to-rd?y my negroes ?tar
firm, but I have no faith ia their remaining
any longer than when an opportunity is
offered to go. I thought at ono timo that
tho negroes could bo Btoppcd on account of
tho money advance J thom in supplies, &c,
and tho appearance of their having obtained
money under falso pretences if they left.
But tho lawyers say that they cannot bo
boldon that pica. If something does not
turn tho tide within ten days disaster will
Reported E?onange of Prisoners.
It was recently intimated by Senator
Blaiuo that, thoro had been an agreemout
entered into between tho Government of
South Curoliua and tho Government of
thu United States for an exchange of pris
oners. Tho party of ..tho. first part was to
pardoo Cardozo and Smalls end got prces
tho prosecution of other notod Radical?,
and thc party of tho second part was to
discontinue proceedings against tho Demo
crats for allegad political offoncco. This
view of tho oasc was aUo taken by tho
Charleston correspondent of tho Now York
Iribune, who telcgophed that journal a
few days ago that "in consequence of a
satisfactory, understanding tho vexatious
prosecutions ia Stuto Courts of tho Repub
licans, including ok-Gov,. Chamberlain,
would bo finally dropped, tho District At
torney agreed to postpone further conside
ration of tho elcotion oases." Tho Wash
ington Republican, however, indignantly |
denies that any such >. arrangement was
made by tho consent or connivance of the
Attorney .General. The truth of the
Republican's denial may bo admitted
without aflootiog tho aoouraoy of tho inti*
matioa made by Sonator Blaiuo and of tho
statement given to tho . Tribuue, by its
Charleston correspondent. . Though the
matter was ono th at oamo properly within
tho jurisdiction of tho department of justioo
it is probable that Mr. Devons was not
consulted. It has been rumored that tho
negotiations on tho part of the National Ad
ministration were conducted by Mr. Evarts,
tho Secretary of State. If such a treaty
was made wo do not seo how tho authorities
of South Carolina can bo censured fer their
share io thc transaction. It is truo that
Smalls, Cardozo, Chamberlain & Co. wera
not charged with political offenses, but
with a orimo involving moral turpitude
personal 'dishonesty-and it is equally true
that they nobly deserved to bo punished as
common felons'. But ou tho other hand a
largo 'number of tho good citizens of tho
State Viud been arrested charged with tho
commission of polical offenses. That they
we're wholly innocent would avail them
little. They. wcro to bo tried, by n court
organized to convict. By applying tho tost
oath to jurors thc jury was to bo packed
and a partisan judge was to presido
and by his rulings close every ave
nue of escape to tho accused. Indeed, tho
test oath was applied, tho jury WBB packed,
tho partisan rulings woro made and two or
threo of tho defendants wore convicted
boforo tho timo at which at whioh it is said
tho Judgo and tho District Attorney re
ceived light from, Washington^- But sud
denly tho Court discovered,-tho - defeots ot
tho inaiotmont?, tho insufficiency of tho
evidence; the District Attorney become loth
tu put tho Government to tho expenso of
pushing the prosecutions and, after
four of tho defendants had been ac
quitted, asked to havo the oases against the
others continued until November. Thoro
is good rcoson to bclievo that, that they
never will will bo brought to triol again.
It is better to have all tho thievou of thc
Radical regime escape the punishment of
their crimes than to havo OUO innocent citi
zhn sent to a Northern dungeon, lt is bad
that guilty men should go unwhipped of
justioo but is fur worso for tho. innooont to
suffer.- Chronicle and Constitutionalist.
The advertising columns of a great news
paper aro n good business barometer. Last
Sunday tho Now York Herald had seventy
nine and a half columns of advertisements,
olosoly printed in agoto type. This we,
beliovo, is tho largest display of advertise
ments that the Herald has had in several
years. Trado is improving, and-tho mer?
chants aro resorting freely to printer's ink
to bring their goods to tho notioo of tho
POOR HUMAN NATURB.-In 1850, tho
House, Republican, added a olause to tho
Army Appropriation bill prohibiting tho
uso of Mio Anuy in Kansas. When the
bill carno to tho Mena te, tho L)omcorats called
tho bill revolutionary, Fessendon,. Soward,
Henry Wilson nnd, Heh,. Wade .dedaring
tho omondpaont. .riot .revolutionary,,- but
within tho legitimate powers of tho House.
, Tho KontuoTcy riflemen appear to havo
lost their old time fame for being good
marksman. At a reheat engagement<;in
that State b?twocri ? ShorifFs poBsb ancl a
company bf bushwhackers, some 2QQ,shots
woro exchanged and only three then were
Somb idea of tho sizo bf tho Stato of
Toxos moy bo gathered from Ibo fact that,
though the population in a million, thoro
are only four pcoplo to every squaro milo of
Tenderness is the genius of simplo minds.
If passion knows no obstados, ten der ness
knowe no bounds. Passion is tho attribute)
of a soul which, no Iqnger controls itself;
tondornoss, that of a hoart whioh no longer
belongs to itself*. |
Knights of Honor.
We dircot attention of our rendors to on
interesting lotter to bo found below, from
tho Supremo Dictator (tho highest officer)
of tho Koights of Honor of tho United
States. If anything were looking to in
opiro confidence in, tho insuraooo featuro
of , this organization, wo think tho state
ni cut s contained in thia lotter ought to
satisfy tho most skeptjoal. lt is an order
whtoh noon or 'lato must commend itself to
all intelligent men who want #2,000 of the
bost a??I cheapest lifo ioaurauo.
SUPREME LOWQE KNIGHTS OP HONOR,
Office of Supreme Dictator,
BOSTON, MASS., April 10th, 1879.
[Official Ciroular No. 10.]
To all arid Subordinate Lodges Knights
of Honor, Greeting:
: lt is with great satisfaction that thc su
premo officers BU hm i t t he following statement
relativo to tho Widows1 and Orphans' Bene
fit fuud. It is well knowu that a lane
number of deaths occurred in our rut ks
from yellow fever during tho past year.
Asido from this causo wo suffered an unu
sually heavy death rate during tho sumraor
months. "Up to, July. 1878, our deaths
had not numbered over tweuty-ono iu any
?n July tho number of deaths was . ii. 30
In August, from yellow fover, 33
M i .? ?. other causes 21
In September, from yellow fever 110
" " " other causes 80
In October, from yellow fover 42
" . " " other oauscs 88
In November, from yellow fever 8
?* " 11 other onuses . 24
Totul from yellow fever 193
H " other onuses 143
Making tho total deaths from all oausoo
io tho period of fivo months, 336, and re
quiring tho sum of $6*10,000 to meet tho
oallH upon tho Widows'and Orphans? FuorJ,
an amount greater than had been disbursed
from this fuud from tho beginning of tho
order, flvo yoarn previous". .
To meet this extraordinary demand two
assessments were laid in November, two in
De cc m bor, .three in January, throe in
February, and. two in March. Muoll
trouble was experienced by the supremo
officers in placing tho deaths in conscoutivo
order by. reason of tho impossibility, in
lodges disorganized by tho yellow fover, of
milking reporta of deaths until long aftor
they had occurred, lt was not want of
suffioicnt evidence of tho death, but officers
of tho lodges were, dead or scattered,, nnd
no ono was authorized to moko tho official
These assessments havo been cheerfully
met, and orders on tho benefit fund havo
now been issued upon all deaths up to
January- 24th, 1879, and tho -assessments
now in procens of collection will pay all
deaths to Mardi first.
Sinco October lat, 1878, orders havo
been issued on flip ( Widows' and Orphans'
Benefit Fund, for tho following amounts:
in Ootobor, 1878, $ 7G.00Q
" November, 1878, 60.00Q
" Dcoombcr, 1878, 100.00Q
?< January, 1879, ,90,000
" February, 1879, 140,000
" Mareil, 1879, 1154,00?
And in April to date, 59,00
.total . ? $679,000
Tho first death in thc order from yellow
fever occurred August 12th, and the order
for thc benefit of the samo was drawn Ooto
ber 10th. The lost death from this oouso
took plaeo November 20th, and tho order
for the same was signed March 21st; orders
upon all othor deaths by yellow fever wer?
is.med between these dates.
With n total loss more than double that
of any other bonefioiury society, wo havo
paid in full every benefit caused by tho
epidemic, and proved to tho world the
ability of our organization to successfully
meet thc severest trial. This work has
been dono with hardly moro than tho usual
numbor of suspensions nnd though our growth
was temporarily checked by thc extraordinary
demand upon its resources, q rapid in?rense
is now taking pince all over tho country,
and wo now number at least City thousand
Thcso events have proved tho wisdom of
our system of ono general jurisdiction for
tho YVidows' ond Orphans' Fund, and the1
effioicooy of our lows for tho government of
tho . order. No extra judicial mensuren
havo been necessary to meet tho emergen
cy, and all .consultation required between
tho Gtipromo officers has been carried1 on by
letter. j. .' ?
Aside from tho payment of dcatji benefits
about 815,000 was contributed- voluntarily
for.tho relief of tho living,, who were in
want and suffering by reason of tho epide
In this record ovory Knight of Honor,
may tqko a just pride, lr. piners qa in,tho
front rank ns a great benevolent and busi-r
tiesa .institution, and secures a futuro of
untold usefulness for our beloved order.
Fraternally, in O. M.A. ,
J. A. CUMMINGS, ,
. Attest: , . j , .
J. C. BLUMER, Supromo Roportor.
Contentment is si blessing, and lt iff
within tho reaoh of all, but.it will not bo
found by him who goos out to seek it. . It
is, something from within, and until tho
heut is rlglii all rf for tn nitor it must bo id
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