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title: 'Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, May 08, 1879, Image 2',
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W A?JT?UA, 8. C.T~
^ T rlURSDAY, MAY 8, 1879.
(Q** For subscription, $1.50
por annum, strictly in advance;
for six months, 75 cents.
(Q3* Advertisements inserted at
ono dollar per square of one inch
or less for the first insertion, and
filly cents for each subsequent in
(TP Obituary Notices exceed
ing five lines, Tributes of Respect,
Communications of a personal
character, when admissable, and
announcements of Candidates
will bo charged for as advertise
03s* Job Printing neatly and
03* Necessity compels us to
adhere strictly to the require
ments of cash payments.
Tho limo For beginning (o collect tho State and
County laxes has come and gono, and yet no
nolioo of tho opening of the books or of the
lenny of colleotion lins been announced. Tho
tax bill provides for tho colleotion of tho taxos
lovied in two installments, tho first of winch
shall bc due and payable from tho first day of
May to tho first day of Juno, 1879, and tho
?eeond from tho fifteenth day of September to
tho thirtieth day of Ootobcr, 1870, leaving tho
pay meut of the first installment optional to the
tax-payer, with tho proviso that any person who
shalt fall or refuse to pay his taxes undor tho
first installment, shall bc oharged with a penally
of five per cent., which shall bo added.
Several of our citizens, wo understand, have
called to pay their taxes, but found tho o nico
closed and no officer to receive thom. Wo do
not know tho why or wherefore, bul it would bo
hard to add thc penalty to parties when their
failure to pay ie tho fault of tho government.
Our taxes this year aggregate 8} mills, as
follows: For tho support of the State Govern
ment, 2} milln; Tor publia schools, 2 mills; for
ordinary County expenses, 8 mills; to pay tho
pasl indebtedness of tho County, 1 mill.
In tho futuro, with tho Air Line Railroad sub
ject to taxation, we will hardly bo called on to
pay an extra County lax, but on tho contrary
wo hopo to BOO County expenses so rtduocd that
u tax of two mills will bo sufficient. Tho Air
Lino and Blue Ridge Railroads aro duo severn!
years baok taxos, which, when collected, will
have a surplus fund in tho County treasury.
Tho State taxos aro about OB low os wo can hopo
to gel them for a number of years.
-- . .
Wo publish in this issue the list of assessors
appointed by our County Auditor in tho several
Townships of the County under the Act of De
cember 24th, 1878. This is tho best plan of
assessment ever adopted in tho State, and we
trust tho work of tho assessors will provo satis
.aotory. Under Ibo last assessment so muoh
complaint was made by several counties of tho
notion of tho State Doard of Equalization that
a now assessment was ordered to quiet tho
trouble. Tho members of tho Hoard of Asses
sors receive no compensation, except that they
aro exempt from road and jury duly in their
respectivo Counties. Any person dissatisfied
with tho assessment of his property by Ibo
Township Board may appeal to tho County Board
of Equalization, which is composed of tho
Chairmen of tho Board for each Township. In
tho State Board of Equalization cvory County is
represented, tho Chairman of each County Board
of Equalization being tho member of the State
Board trom that County. Formerly the Stato
Board, invested with tko power to raiso and re
duce County assessments, was composed of ono
person from each Congressional District of tho
Slate, so that tho Boardoflcn knew little of tho
soil, olimato and products of many counties and
lind very imperfect ideas of the truo value of
lands in such Counties. As it now stands, every
County being represented, the Board cnn obtain
such information ns will cnnblo it to act with
fairness and judgment. Wo have always
thought eui lands were loo h?gb io proportion
to the valuation ia other Counties and wo hopo
thc present system will be so carried out as to
meet general approval and give us a fair and
equitable basis of taxation.
Our Farming Interests.
Wo epoko in our last issue of the impora
tanco of making tho farm self-sustaining,
every former striving to raise his own corn,
mont and flour as thc highest consideration,
and then planting as much cotton ns ho can
well manure and cultivate In our present
impoverished condition, this is forced on us,
U3 wo have neither tho capital nor tho skilled
labor to dorelop thc mineral and manufactura
ing resources of tho country. Tho tinto will
como, in our opinion, when tho capital and
labor of this section will flow mostly in the
channels of manufacturing industry and
stock raising. Wo havo always boliovod that
our soil and olimato wcro adapted to tho
growth of tho cereals and tho raising of stock,
and that thoso branches of agricultural indus*
try would provo more remunerativo than
foroing a olimato nod attomptiug to grow
cotton. In fact the richest ?ootions of the
North are devoted to tho growth of wheat,
corn and tho grosses and to stock raising and
wo cannot seo why wo cannot pros*
per undor Uko pursuits. In growing
cotton hero a largo porcontogo of the
income is absorbed in labor in making and
gathering it and in fertilizers to foroo tho
plant and tho olimato. With tho core?is and
Stock growing, manufacturing enterprises are
always found, nnd whoro tho raw matorial
abounds ns boro, whether we want timbor,
cotton or other artiolos, and wator powore aro
found on noarly ovory stream, with a mild
olimato, healthy atmosphere and cool water,
what more could bu asked of nature ns step
ping stones to wealth and prosperity? Wo
bcliovo, therefore, the time will eorao whon
these natural resources and local advantages
?viii bo utilized end made the instruments of
.wealth. Tho sooner thia can be done the
better, for our present industrios are neither
as safe nor remunerative as they should be.
<*..!1LJ. .!.'J. A ? '.li'. JU.. .Jl_j_?"... "JJ.?.'!-.. ~ 'J.
Consider for n tnomout the amount annually
expanded by our poople towards the making
of a wop io \he purchase of fertilisers. In
our last Issue we estimated the eost of forti
l>*ord bought by pur people at sixty thousand
dollars, rating cotton at ten oents per pound.
In this estimate wo reckoned from sales made
at Seneca, City, Westminster, Walhalla and
Wost Union, not including fertilizers bought
at Fort. Madison nor at Pendleton, nor from
accessible points along tho Georgia lino. We
are satisfied the estimate is therefore ten
thousand dollars short of tho actual cost to
the fermera of this oountjr for fertilisers.
This absorbs twelve tofourtoen hundred halos
of cotton, and tbe strength,of these fertilizers
ls cxpeuded in one season, and a like expenso
inourrred every year. Ought we not to
strivo to stop or at least lessen this expendi
ture? A failuro of tho ootton orop for a year,
either from flood, drought, blight or worms,
would leave our people heavily involved and
oripple our future farming interests for a
length of timo. On tho other band, if we
would turn our attention to making manure,
its effects upon the land would bo permanent
improvomont, and in a fow years our farms
would be doubled Sn fertility. What a vast
amount of bnrn iyard manuro could bo mudo
by an outlay of sixty thousand dollars. It
would employ six hundred ablo bodied bands
for tweivo months at one hundred doll?.?* por
yonr, whoso whole time could bo employed in
mtlkltlg manuro, or eighteen hundred hands
during tho four cold months of tho year,
if this largo body of laborers was employod for
several years in gathering and hauling trash,
leaves, muck and woods earth into our lots, how
rapidly would our lands bo improvod, and how
soon with our mild elimata would wo havo the
most desirable country to bo found anywhere.
Still wo go on year after year buying fertilizers
and exhausting rather than improving our soils,
by stimulating tho plants to draw as much aa
potsiblo of tho substance of tho soil, without
giving anything pcrmnnont in return.
The Army Bill?
President Hayes has vetoed tho army
appropriation bill, and in his mcssago rc?
turning tho bill without his approval has
assigned several reasons. His objections are
confined chiefly to the sixth section of the
bill, and to that portion whioh prevents thc
uso of tho oivil or military forco of the Go
vernment to control elections. Tho fcaturee
of tho rider look somewhat to States rights,
holding that tho control of all elections foi
State and United Statos officers bolong pro
perly to tho States, whoso interest it is tc
preservo the freedom and purity of elections
Tho veto claims tho right of Congress t<
oontrol elections for Federal officore, and t<
prevent and punish through Federal lav
froud and intimidation at such elections, ant
especially under tho Fifteenth Amendment
He also claims that tho ponsago of tho obj ec
tionablc section is unnecessary and superflu
ons, ns its object is fully accomplished by tin
aot of 1878 attached to tho appropriatioi
bill for that year, which forbids tho uso of th
army as a posse for tho purpose of exooutinj
tho laws, oxcopt in eases and under drouin
stances iuch as may bo ospressly authorize
by tho constitution or by act of Congrcsi
claiming that since tho passage of that ac
no case of military interference with election
has taken place
Another objection is that tho propose
legislation tokes from thc President thc powc
of executing the law6 now of forco as to olec
tiona, assuming that tho vise of troops at th
polls is necessary for that purpose, an
further that thc Stated havo no interest in <
power to secure fair and orderly elections fi
Tho last and perhaps most forcible ol>je<
tion is the shape in which thc alteration
tho low is presented, being a ridor on t
appropriation bill. As to this objection, tl
bill is admitted to bo in accordance with tl
constitution to tack diverso measures to nt
bill, and that both parties havo practiced
forty years or more. In our State and
most of tho States there is a constitution
inhibition to such legislation, every bill bei
required to ro?ate to one subject, which sh
be expressed in tho title. Wo think th'n
wiso measure, but neither tho Federal cons
tution nor tho practico of Congress lins ci
recognized such a requirement, so that t
voto cannot bo sustained on this ground.
Tho IIouso, on a vote whether tho I
should pass, tho veto of tho President to i
contrary notwithstanding, ptood 120 for i
pas9ago of tho bili to 110 against it, and
bill was lost for want of a two-thirds vote.
Tho great question now is what course
D?mocratie p'\rty shall take
On the 1st instant tho joint committ
from thc IIouso and Sonate, appointed by
Democratic caucus to report what cours*
action should bo taken by thc Remuer
agreed on a plan whioh though not yet tn
public, is understood to bo substantially
.'It will recomroond Ibo ropaseago of
army appropriation bill with tho si
section changed so ns to apply only to offi
of tho army and navy and not to Un
Statos oivil officers, thus obviating tho pri
pal objection raised by tho Prosidont aga
its approval. Tho argument by which
recommendation will bo supported is, in b
that tho President vetoed tho bill booaui
its alleged abridgment of tho powers of
oivil officers, that in reality this was no
intention and would not bo tho effect of
bill ns borotoforo passed, and tho Prosi
having, in tho opinion of tho Domoc
party, evaded tho main issue, ho should
bo given nn opportunity to pass upon r
which shall prosent to him the solo que
whether or not the army or any portion i
should bo used to keop the penco at tho p(
Wo approvo fully of this course, as
wording of tho sixth sootion gavo tho slit
of a reason for tho volo in donying tho
of tho oivil officers of the govornment t
present at the polia. With this foi
eliminated the veto must rost on tho aiu
purpose of tho Uadioal party to uso the
tory arm of the govornment to influonco
oontrol elections. If|this course ba adi
by tho Domoorats, it is believed tho bil!
bo again vetoed, whioh will pat tho II
oratio party on better footing before
country. Should thia occur tho Derne
will doubtless PASS tho appropriation
without any riders andjthen submit tho o
tionablc rider? to tho Pres'.dont io the ehe
separate odo, This is tho conreo adro
by Mr. Stephen?, of Georgia, and eoroe other
of tho more oonaorvatlvo Southern members.
In adopting this oourae tho Domooraoy hav
ing uied ovory fair effort to rid the country of
military interference with oleotione, and fall
ing, oould go before tho people in 1880 on
the most favorable footing. On tho ether
band should the party in power adjourn
without passing the appropriation bills
necessary'to carry on the Government beean so
of the veto te the riders, the Dom oo rut s would
lose nil the advanlage likely to be gained
from this laudable effort, and would find
tbemsolvoo blamed by both partios. Here
is our opportunity, and whilo we think the
proposed legislation is needed and should
receive the signature of the President, yet it
would be far better to go before the people
having done all that oould be done to accom
plish a good pu? nose, and refusing, by reason
of failure, to block tho wheels of tho govern
ment by denying the necessary appropria
tions. This course will doubtless be adopted
by the Demoorats both as to tho army bill
and the bills to make appropriations for the
legislativo and judicial departments - of tho
A Mammoth Journal.
Tho Nen York HeraldT the largest h .soaper
published in the United Stated, and is tied with
i mp 01 taut mutter or news from cv? y Stale in
tho Union and from every civilized oountry of
the wor'.il. It hos KB correspondents almost
everywhere and eparea no expenso to put bofore
Its readers all matters of publio Interest, whe
ther they ro?ate to religion, politics, temperance,
war, penoo and even the geographical condition
of various countries. About the 1st instant it
issued a quintuple sheet containing ono hundred
and twenty closely printed columns, eighty-five
and a half of which were advertisements, being
tho largest spaco hitherto called for. Tho
Herald is independent in politics and ably
edited, and no paper in tho United States
furnishes more valuable and useful information
than tho doily Herald.
Tho crop reports from all parts of Texas are
Texas is as largs as thirty-four States liko
Tho Southern Baptist Convention meets in
Atlanta to-day, May 8.
Charleston is going to establish n brewery and
hereafter manufacture her own beer.
Tho monument to the Confederate dead will bo
unveiled ia Columbia on tho 13th instant.
Tho circumference of the head of Hon. A. II.
Stephens is 22} inches, while that of bis body
is 24}. His weight is 75 pounds.
Governor Hampton it is said will return homo
in a few days, to remain until Iiis wounded leg
improves. It lias given bim much pain since be
has been in Washington.
Tho General Assembly of Ibo Southern
Presbyterian Church will meet in Louisville,
Kentucky, May loth.
As a mark of progress in cotton mauufoctoriei
al tho South, we note that niuo car loads of th<
staple, embracing throe hundred bales, wen
shipped from-Atlanta to tho Camperdown milli
in Grcenvdle, S. C., last week.
Tho new tobacco law wont into operation
on tho first instant. Under its provisions tlx
tax is reduced from twenty-four to eixtcci
Atlanta is having a grand timo this wool
in tho assembling of nblo men from all part
of tho country in that city. Tho llaptis
Convention is in session there and niso
convention of sanitarians and medical sci
Mr. j. \V. Sparks, a well known butchot
was fatally shot by his non?in-lnw, Drewr
Tye, in Atlanta, Georgia, on last Thumb)
afternoon. Tye has boon nrrostod and lodge
in jail. Tho verdict of the coroner's jury wi
Commencement exercises of tho Fnrmo
University, Greenville, begin on tho l?th i
Juno and close on tho 18th, which is con
mencemcnt day proper. The exorcises
tho Female Collcgo begin on Thursday nigh
tho 12th of Juno, und concludo on Wcdnci
night, tho 18th of June.
Tho trial of Captain Ed. Cox for tho kW
ing of Col. Allston in Atlanta in March la
Wae opened on tho 30th ultimo, a motion f
continuance having boon overruled. Tl
trial is exciting groat interest and willocou]
overa week. Six or eight of tho ablest lu
firms in Georgia aro on each sido. Tho arg
mont is now going on. It is believed 1
many that thc result will bo a mistrial,
Tho News and Courier and some of c
Congressmen do not favor tho nomination
Mr. Tild?n (or the Presidono?. Col Aik
says; ?I would rathor seo South p?roli
throw her voto away than to givo it to R
Tilden." This is tho samo old talk-"rulo
ruin." Wo hopo nevor to hoar of suoh n'
Senator Gordon has a sheep rancho nt 1
Ty Station, which comprises 40,000 acron
gootl land. It is In charge of bis son win
starling with n flock of 17,000. Tho ram
is being inoloscd with walls built hy no
convicts, who, under tho Georgia law,
loused out under contraot. Already so
miles of wall havo been built up.
In tho caucus of tho Demooratio member*
Congross on tho veto of tho President,
Stephens, of Georgia, gavo tho opinion "I
it would bo utterly wrong for Congress to
to appropriate money to support tho judien
tho (?thor co-ordinate branch of the Govt
mont, to soy nothing of other officers, and m
tain tho administration of tho laws, which
constitution makes it our duty to do, boca
tho President may veto riders of this sort."
Some curious person hus gathered up
information that sinoo tho foundation of
government there have been cighty-t
vetoes by Presidents, two by Washing!
six by Madison, ono by Monroo, eleven
Jackson, oight by Tylor, throo by P
nino by Pioroo, throo by Buohanan, one
Lincoln, seventeen by Johnson, twenty,
by Grant and threo by Hayes. Of th
twolvo wero what is called pocket vet
where tho President fails to return tho
either woy before Congrous udjourns,
coivingit within tho last days of tho sesfl
Of all tho eighty- niuo vetoes, Pierce
overruled by a two-thirds voto Gvo tit
Johnson fiftcon times, Grane threo li
and Hayes onoo.
Synopsis of tho Veto Message of
WASHINGTON, April 20.-The army appro
polatlon bill was roturoed to tho lioueo to-day
without tho Presidential signature) aooora*
partied by a message stating at length the
reasons for the veto. Tho President says if
tho bill contained no other provisions than
thoEo for the support of the army it would
rccoivo Ina prompt approval, but it ineludee
further legislation and involves questions of
tho grnvost oharaoter. Ho reoites the statute
now lu force embodied in section 2002 and
6528 of tho revised statutes and says tho
adoption of tho proposod amondment may bo
considered in two aspcots: First, as it affects
the right of tho United States government to
uso tho military foreo to keep tho poaco at
elections; escom?, as it affeots thc right of
the government by oivil authority to protoot
elections from violonoo and fraud. He thon
quotes and calls attention to. sections 2003,
5520, 5530, 5531 and 5532 of the revised
statutes, and section 15 of tho army appropria
ati?n bill, passed June 18th, 1878. together
with remarks upon tho purposo and effect of
tho latter as stated in the speeches of Sena
tors and Representatives who supported it.
From these laws he says it appears that there
can bo no military interference with elections,
and that, consequently, thoro is no necessity
for the enactment of section 0 of this bill.
Ho then calls attention to tho existing laws of
tho prevention and discrimination on account
of race, color or previous condition of servi
tude, and to punish fraud, violence and intim
idation at Federal elections, and soys: "Thoso
laws it is tho duty of tho Executive Depart?
ment of tho government to enforce. Tho
intonl and effect of tho sixth section of this
bill is to prohibit nil civil officers of tho
United Stales, under penalty of fine and im
prisonment, from employing any adequate
oivil forco for this purposo at thc placo where . .
their enforcement is most necessary, namely, j
at tho places whore tho Congressional elco
tiens aro hold. If tho proposed legislation j *
Bi'iould becomo law, there will be no power
vested in .">Dy officer of tho govornment to
protect from videnco officers of tho United
States ongnged in the dischargo of their
duties. Their rights and duties under thc y
law will romain, but tho notional government
will bo powerless to onforco its own statutes.
Tho States may employ holli military and
civil power to keep penco and to onforco laws
at State elections. It is now proposed to j
deny to the United States even tho necessary
oivil authority to protect national election? (
No sufficient reason lins bron given for this
discrimination in favor of Siato and against
national authority." With regard to tho
manner in which it is sought to repeal tho
low authorizing thc use of trot ps at the polls,
he soys: "Tho object aimed nt it is altogether
foreign to tho purposo of an arm}' appropria
ut ion hill. Tho practico of tacking to appro
priation bills mensures not pertinent to such
bills did not prevail until moro than forty
years after tho adoption of tho constitution.
It has become a practice; all parties | j.
when in power have adopted it. Many
abuses and great wasto of public money
have in this way crept into npproprU
ation hills. Publie opinion of thc
country is against it. Tho States whioh hare | j,
recently adopted constitutions havo generally
provided a remedy for the evil by enacting
that no law shall contain moro than ono sub
ject,, which shall be plainly expressed in its .
title. Tho constitutions of moro than half of I (
the States contain substantially this provision.
Tho public welfare will bo promoted in many
wnys by a return to the carly prnctico of the
govornment and to tho true principle of leg
islation, which requires that every measure
shall stand or fall according to its own merits."
He says: "This Congress lias ample apportu
nity und time to pnsB tho npproprii lion bills
and also 'to enact ony political moasures
which mny bo determined upon iu separate
bills hy the usual and orderly methods of
proc?dure Hut n majority of both houses
have doomed it wiso to adhere to tho princi
ples maintained in thc last Congress by n
majority of the House of Representatives,
namely, (hat the House of Representatives has
tho solo right to originate bills for raising
revenue, nnd, therefore, bas thc right to
withhold tho appropriations upon which tho
cxUienco of thc government may depond
unless tho Senate nnd President ?hall giro
their assent to ony legisla lion whioh the
House may see fit to attach to tho appropria-,
lion bills, To establish this principle is to
muka n radical, dangerous and unconstitu
tional chango in the ohnrnotor of our institu
tions. That n majority of tho Sonato now
concurs in tho claim of tho House adds to the
gravity of the situation hut docs not nitor tho
question nt issue. Tho new doctrine, if
maintained, will result in (he consolidation of
unchecked and despotic power in tho Houso
of Representatives. A bare majority of the
Houso will become tho government. Tho
Executive will no longer bo what tho framers
of tho constitution intended - un equal and
indepondont branch of the government. The
principio of this bill places not merely tho
Sonnie nnd tho Executive, but tho judiciary
j also, under tho coeroivo dictation of tho
Houso. Tho House nlono will bo tho judge
of what constitutes n grievance, and also of
tho moans and mcaBuroa of redress. An not
of Congress to protoot olootions is now tho
griovanco complained of. But tho House
may, on tho samo principle, determino that n
treaty modo by tho President, with tho nd vico
and consent of tho Sonato, a nomination or
appointment of office, or a decision or opinion
of tho Supremo Court, is a gricvanoo, and
that tho measures of redress is to withhold
tho appropriations requirod for tho support of
tho offonding brunch of tho govornment
Believing that this hill is a dangerous viola
tion of tho spirit and tho moaning of tho
constitution, I nm compelled to roturn it to
tho House in whioh it originated without my
ST. LOUIS, May 2.-The Rcpnblioaa State
Central Committee in session at Jefferson City
last nig '.dopted resolutions approving Presi
dent Hayes' veto of tho army appropriation bill,
favoring a thorough organization of tho Ito
publican party throughout tho Hiato, and de.
olaring .rant their ohoieo for President in 1880.
No time was fixed for holding tho Slate Conven
Blank Liens,Deeds, Mortgages an 1 Executions
for salo at this office.
WASHINGTON, 5IaylT~1879.-Tbe orj of
.Surronderl" coupled with the fear that their
oooduot would bo rcgardod as a retreat from
their oontest with tho Preoidont, has proved
too much for the Democratic Bourbons in the
House. Tho milder policy of the Seuate was
also unpalatable, hence the llouse oauous
assumed to itself tooday the sole business of
preparing the bill wbioh is to take tho place
of the legislation in tho army bill objected
to by the President. The sixth aeotioo has
been thrown overboard altogether, and in its
stead the caucus ha? agreed upoo abhnoombe
preamble and a bill, whioh latter has beep
happily described to night ns a measure tc
enact oertnin portions of tho constitution of
tho United Statos defining the duty of tho
Executive. The preamble recites a stale
plntltudo about military interferonoe with
political oleolions being '.inconsistent with
tho spirit of republican institutions."
Senator Thurman and Congressman John
B. Elam, of Louisiana, aro oredited with
being the ohief sponsors for the new hill,
which in its general tenor ia affirmative and
explanatory, instead of being in the nature
of II ropealing measure.
The caucus was so much at sea at one timo
in its efforts to get a satisfactory reading of
tbo bill that one proposition submitted was
so innocent ns to pr?vido that "Nothing
contained horein shall abridge the power of
the President of tho United States in the
proper and constitutional exercise of his
The Conservativo Dem?crata had to bond
boforo the force of tho Bourbon olomeni in
ho caucus and accept tho dictation of the
majority. Their hopo is to got the result
jofore tho II ou BO as soon os possible, and
lmond tho bill there oral lons! in the Senate.
Tho caucus to-day doe? no) bind tho Sonato
Dem?crata, who uro at liberty to amend tho
jill in their Chamber, whereupon it must go
Dock to the llouse for concurrence in the
.Iterations. It is hoped that a wiser measure
.?ill be thus eventually secured.
Thc caucus agreed upon the exnet terms of
ho mensuro to bo separately passed in lieu of
he sixth section, it being aka agreed that nil
lonsideration of tito remainder of tho hill shall
)o deferred until this independent political
neasuro shall have been noted upon by tho
Presidont. It will pr?vido, in substance,
bat Soctions 2,002 nnd 2 003 of tho Revised
statutes shall.not be construed ns authorizing
he President to station or maintain troops
it tho polls except to repel nrmed invasion of
ho United Stutes, br in pur<uanco of tho
onsMtutionnl requiromouts upon application
if thc ? egislntureof n State (or of tho Govern?
r when tho Legislature cannot be convened)
o repress domeslio violence. Tho sections
eforred to are ns follow*!
SECTION 2,002. No mi'itary or naval officer
rother person on^agfld in thc civil, military
r naval servico of tho Unitvd States .dmll
rdor. bring.'keop or have under his authority
r control tiny troops or nrmed men ot the
dace where any general or special election is
icld in any Slnto, unloss it be nocessnry to
cpol tho armed onoinien of the United States
r to keep tho oonoo at tho polls.
SECTION 2,003. NTo offioer of tho army or
invy of tho United Statos shall prescribe or
ix, or attempt to prosoribo or fix, by any
iroolamation. ordor or otherwise, tho qualifi
ations of voters in any State, or in any
nanucr interfere with the freedom of nny
dection in nny State, or with tho exercise
if tho freo right nf suffrage in any State.
Tho bill will bo accompanied by a (hort
ireamblo of an argumentativo nature, to
letormiufl the plirnacology of which nnd also
o agree upon un cffcclivo title, consumed
loiisidcrnblo timo to-day. Among the titles
luggested were tho following:
"A bill to protect the ballot from military
"A bill to prevent tho army and nnvy
Vom interfering with the freedom of elec
"A bill to prcvont tho control of election*
in tho States by tho army and navy of thc
"A bill to provont tho uso of tho army ai
tho polls and promoto freedom of elections.'
It is understood that tho titlo flnnllj
udoptcd is "A bill to prcvont inlorfcronco bj
tho army with cleotions,"
Tho notion taken by tho onocus is substnn
tidly in accordance with, an "amended report'
protected to-day by tho commut?e to whon
tho wholo subject wp.3 ro-commitled yosler
day. Tho proceedings are said to bavo boei
characterized by a spirit of harmony and goot
WABIUNGTON, May 5.-Ilonse.-Under th
call of States, tho following bill waa intro
duoed and referred by Ladd, of Maine, t
prohibit military interference nt oleetioni
Hctorrcd to the Committee on tho Judiciary
Tho following is tho text of the bill:
"Whorons tho presence, of troops at th
polls is contrary to tho spirit of our people
and tends to destroy tho freedom of elcotiom
therefore, bc it onacted, Sec., that it nlmll m
bo lawful to bring or to omploy nt any pine
where a gonornl or special election is boin
hold in a State any part of tho army or nav
of tho United States, unloss such forco I
necessary to ropcl armed enemies of th
United States, or to enforce section fou
nrtiolo four, of tho constitution of tho Unite
States, or laws mudo in pursuance thereof, o
application nf tho Legislature or executive i
tho State whore such forco is to bo used; nn
so much of oil laws ns is inconsistent hen
with is boroby repealed."
Editors Ktowec Courier: Please allow n
apace to correct an orror in a oommunicatic
ovor tho signature "R." in your papor of tl
24th of April, in whioh "R." said that tl
School Coiniuieuionor of Ooonoo County n
eoived for last year (as his salary) $310.
do not know whore "R." gets tho abc
figures, but I do know that I received on
$282, and I suppose if "R." will tako tl
troublo to step into the Treasurer's office 1
can examino my accounts, which I siippo
aro on filo in that office, and 1 have al wa
found tho Treasuror vory nooommcdatin
1 onro not if "R." gots tho figures from tl
State Suporintendont's roport, lt is all tl
samo, a false statomont. Rospeotfully
M. B. DENDY,
MAY 2D, 1870.
Chew Jackson's Best Sweet Navy Tobac-Cd
A torr?blo wifo murdo? WAK perpetrated
Inst Thursday, at Pottonnville, Soott County,
YR. A young man, namod Sam Bishop,
slaughtered his young and beautiful wife, to
whom be bad boen married but a short time.
He had been off at work, nod after waiting
until late for her husband his wife sat down
to tho table nod was eating dinner, when
Bishop oaroo in with nn axe in his hand.
Ho walked up to hor and sont the keen blade
of the aie orating through her skull, liter
ally splitting her head in half, the ate edge
stopping only when ft readied the trunk of tho
body itself. Bishop wa? arrested at once and
from his way of talking he ia believed to bo
of unsound mind. Ho says he is glad bo did
the deed, and would do it over again, and
that he was forced to do it.
GALY??TON, TEXAS, May 6.-A special to
the flews from Overton, says? J. 'f. Young
and John Kiley, who bad boen confined in
jail for drunkenness, attempted to escape by
setting fire to tho building. Tho Humes
spread rapidly, and hoing unable to extin
guish thom, the mon were both burnod to.
A special to tho Netos from Ilompsteud'
?nye: "As ihe congregation wero leaving tho
Methodist Clriroh yesterday. Col. Jarod E.
Kirby shot nod killed John Steele, who in n
quarrel fourteen years ago shot and killed.'
m ? im
WORK KOII TUB CONVIOTS.-Twenty-five con
vlote have been turned over to Mr. J. W. Wood
ward to be carried to Barnwell County and
placed at work on tho railroad between Black
ville and Barnwell, a distance of about ten.
miles. Mr. Woodward intends to complete tho
road by the first of Ootober next.-Columbia ?
Ofllco of County Auditor,
MAY 0, 1879.
1)Y on Act of tho Legislature, approved De
cember 24th, 1878, I am required to appoint
three intelligent and discreet freeholders ia
euoh Township in thc Cornily, who shall consti
tute a Township Board of Assessors for Beal
Estate. I therefore make the fellowing appoint
Center-W. J. Dix, S. IL Johns and J. A..
Seneca-Sloan IT. Stribling, R. Y. II. Lowery
and E. P. Vei ner.
Tugaloo-John S. Dickson, Wm. J. Slribling .
and 0. 1. Walker.
Wugenor-W. C. Keith, W. J. Nevill and F..
Keowee-A. B. Grant, B. Frank Robertson ?
and J. M. Cannon.
Pulaski-.% II. Thrift, Wm. J. Dcaton and J. .
Chattoogn-Abel Robins, Geo. W. Symmca ?
and W. A. King.
White Water-Jcsso Lay, Franklin L. Moody, .
Jr., and Wm. Rowland.
The persons appointed for the several Town
ships will meet together nt some convenient .
place, take Ibe constitutional OAlh of office, .
elect a chairman and Hms becomo tho Township -
Board of Assessors. The chairmen of tho -
several Township Boards shall together consti
tute tho County Board of Equal.ration. For ?
tho purpose of organizing said County Board1
thc chairmen of thc vitrions Township Board?,
will meet in Hie Auditor's Office on MONDAY,,
tho 2d day of June, 1870.
45, 13. WATSON,
Auditor Oooncc County.
May 8, 1879 26
S li er i fl"'s Sales.
BY virtue of an execution to mo directed 1
will sell, on MONDAY, salo day in Juno,
1870, al tho Court Mouse door in Walhalla,
between Hie legal hours of sale, the following
described property, lo wit:
ONE Trout of Land situated in Ooonoo
County, containing 80 aorrs, more or less,
adjoining lands of W. J. Duffie and others,
levied on ns tho property of James ll. Cox
at tho suit of Isaao Stundridge.
TERMS OF SALE-CASH.
JAMES ll. ROBINS,
Sheriff Oooooe County.
May 8, 1879 25-4t
COUNTY AUDITOR'S OFFICE*.
WALHALLA, 3. C., Amu. 20, 1879?
NOTICE Is hcroby gfven lliat Hie- Auditor*?
' Office will be open to receive TAX RETURNS
from Jnnc ?Bt to July 2utb. 1879.
The Auditor or his Assistant will attend at the
following places at tho tinvt specified for: tho.
assessment of Personal Properly, vlzt
West Union, Monday, Juno Otb.
Seneca City, Tuesday and Wednesday, June.
KUI. and 11th.
Bird Abbott's, Thursday, Jone 12jh.
Sitlon's Mills, Friday, Junol8tb.
J. B. Sanders', Saturday, Juno M lb.
Fair Play, Monday and Tue?duy, June 16th
Baoholors* Rotreat, Woducsday, June 18th.
Westminster, Thursday and Friday, Juno .19lh
Thomas rowell's, Saturday, June 21st.
Fenton Hall's, Tuesday, June 24th.
Mrs. Barker's, Wednesday, Juae25th.
MoDado's Mills, Thursday, June 20th.
William Rowland's, Friday, Juno 27lh.
Lay's Mills, Saturday, Juno 28th.
Talley's Shops, Tuesday, July 1st.
High Falls, Wednesday, July 2d.
After the 20lh of July the returns of those
fulling to return will be made from the best in
formation that can bo obtained and fifty per
oent. added thoreto.
All male persons from twer' e to sixty
years of age, exoepting those exempt by law,
are required lo return their polls.
Morohanta, manufacturers and bankers must
make tholr returns strlotty aooording to law.
Eaoh tax-payer, exoept when, impossible lo
do so, must roako their own return,
All assessments of personal property must
be "the usual soiling price of similar properly
on the usual terras st executor?' or administra*
tora' sales, al tho pluoo whero the return is
made" C. fi, WATS?!*,
Auditor O?o?co County.
May 1, I8T0 24-81