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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, May 22, 1879, Image 1

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BY KEITH, SMITH & CO. WALHALLA, SOUTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1870. . VOLUME XIV.-NO. 27.
to Y oars tsoTore the t uolio.
THE GENUINE
DB. C. McLANE'S
CELEBRATED
LIVER PILLS,
FOR THE CURE OF
Hepatitis, or Liver Complaint,
bvsrsraiA AND SICK HEADACHE.
Symptoms of a Diseased Liver.
PAIN in the right side, under the
edge of the ribs, increases on pres
?sure j sometimes the pain is in the left
side; the patient is rarely able to lie
on the left side ; sometimes thc pain is
felt under the shoulder blade, and it
frequently extends to the top of the
shoulder, and is sometimes mistaken
for rheumatism in the arm. The
stomach is affected with loss of appe
tite and sickness; the bowels in gen
eral are costive, sometimes alternative
with lax; the head is troubled with
pain, accompanied with a dull, heavy
sensation in the back part. There is
generally a considerable loss of mem
ory, accompanied with a painful sen
sation of having left undone some
thing which ought to have been done,
? slight, dry cough is sometimes an
attendant. The patient complains of
weariness and debility; he is easily
startled, his feet are cold or burning,
and he complains of a prickly sensa
tion of the skin; his spirits are low;
and although he is satisfied that exer
cise would bc beneficial to him, yet
he can scarcely summon up fortitude
enough to try it. In fact, he distrusts
every remedy. Several of the above
symptoms attend thc disease, but cases
have occurred where few of them ex
isted, yet examination of the body,
after death, has shown the LIVER to
have been extensively deranged.
AGUE AND FEVER.
DR. C. MCLANE'S LIVER PILLS, IN
CASES OF AGUE AND FEVER, when
taken with Quinine, are productive of
the most happy results. No better
cathartic con be used, preparatory to,
or after taking Quinine. We would
advise all who are afflicted with this
disease to give them a FAIR TRIAL.
For all bilious derangements, and as
a simple purgative, they .ire unequaled.
BEWAItK OF IMITATIONS.
Thc genuine nre never sugar coated.
Every box has a red wax seal on thc lid,
with thc impression DR. MCLANR'S LIVER
FILLS.
The genuine MCLANR'S LIVER PILLS bear
thc signatures of C. MCLANB and FLEMING
l?aos, on thc wrappers.
* Insist upon having thc genuine DR. C.
MCLANE'S LIVER PILLS, prepared by Flem
ing Bros., of Pittsburgh, Pa., thc market being
full of imitations of thc name Mc L<mc,,
spelled differently but same pronunciation.
Final Settlement.
FTUIE Undersigned petitions to tho Probate
JL Court for lenvo to moko a Final Settle
ment of tho Estnto of Cliqrlotto Barker,
deceased, at Walhalla Court House, on tho
14th dny of JUNE, at ll o'clock A.M.
for his Finul Disohorgo from tho adminis
tration of said catato.
DANIEL HUGHES,
Administrator.
May 8, 1879 25-41
Dit. J. M. MCLANAHAN,
HAVING rcsumod tho praotioo of medicino,
offers his professional servicos to tho com
munity.
Offico nt his rcsidonoo nt Bachelors' Hotrcat,
Oooneo County, 8. G.
August 8, 1878 88
THE noxt Sossion of this institution will
oommenco THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER
6th, 1878.
It is an advantage to teachers and pupils to
entor tho various classes at that timo, for a
?OW wooka delay rondor it difficult to advance
With olass.
Hoard in College and in private
families, per month, - - $10.00
Juvenile Department, por month, - .50
Primary Department, por month, - .80
Academic Dopartmont, per month, - 1.00
Collegiate Department, por month, - 3.00
Theso priooH aro oxolusivo of Suite appro-*
priatione.
Musio, Wax and* Fanoy Work oxtra.
For particulars, address,
BR. J. P. SlflEr/TKKlt.
July 25, 1878, 30
WANTED/^tt
energotio onnvnssors to ongagoin a pleasant and
profit aldo business. Good mon will find this a
rare ohanoo
To 3S?Eeuke jVIorioy.
Snob will please nnswor this advertisement
by lottor, onolosing stamp for reply, staling
what business thoy have boon engaged in.
Nono but thoso who moan business noed apply.
Address,
Finley, Harvey & Go., Atlanta,Ga-*
Maroli 18, 1870, J 17-ly.
SMOK
BLACKWELL'S
E
TOBACCO
Old Church Bells.
Ring out merrily,
Loudly, cheerily,
Blithe old bolls from tho stooplo tower.
Hopefully, fearfully,
Joyfully, tearfully,
Movoth tho brido from her maldon bower.
Cloud thero io nono In the bright summer
sky,
Sunshine flings benisons dov ) from on high;
Children sing loud as tho train moves along,
"Happy tho brido that tho sun shinelli on."
Knell out drearily,
Measure out wearily,
Sad old bells from the steeple gray,
Priests chanting lowly,
Solomo, slowly,
Passoth tho corpse from tho portal to day.
DropB from tho laden clouds heavily fall '
Dripping over tho plumo and tho pall;
Murmur old folk as tbo rain moven along,
"Happy the doad thc rain raincth on."
Toll at tho hour of primo,
Matin and vosper ohime,
Loved old bolls from tho steeple high
Rolling, liko holy waves,
Over tho lowly graves,
Floating up prayor fraught, into tho sky.
Solemn tho lesson your lightest notes teach,
Stem is thc proaohing your iron tongues
preach;
Ringing in lifo from tho blood to tho bloom,
Ringing tho dead to their rest in tho tomb.
Peal out ovcrmorc
Poal as yo poolod of yore.
Pravo old bells, ou each Sabbath day,
lu tu? indi inc nnd gladness,
Thro' clouds and through sadness
Bridal and bunni havo both passed uway.
Toll us life's pleasures with death aro still
rife;
Tell us that death over leodoth to life;
Lifo is labor, and death is our rest,
If happy tho Uviog, tho dead ato thc blest.
Veto Messago of the "Act to
Prohibit Military Interference
at Elections."
WASHINGTON. .May 12.-Tho President
to-day returned to tho Houso of Represen
tatives tho "iSot to prohibit military inter
feroDCO at elections'' with his objections to
its approval. Tho President says:
"Holding, as I do, tho opinion that any
military interference whatever at thc polls
is contrary to tho spirit of our institutions,
and would tend to destroy tho freedom of
our elections, and sincerely desiring to
concur with Congress iu all its moasures, it
is with very groat regret that I am forced
to tho conclusion that tho bill beforo mo is
not only unnecessary to prevent such inter
ference, but is a dangerous departuro from
long-settled and important constitutional
principles.
"Thc true rulo as to tho employment of
military force at tho elections is not doubt
ful. No intimidation or coercion should
bo allowed to control or influence citizens
in tho exorcise of their right to vote,
whether it appears in tho shape of combi -
nations of evil-disposed persons or of armed
bodies of tho militia of a State or of tho
United States. Tho elections should bo
free from all forciblo interference, and, as
fur as practicable, from all apprehension of
suoh interference. No sold?o? either of
tho Union or of tho States militia should be
present at tho polls to take tho place or
perform tho duties of tho civil police force.
There lins been and will bo no viol..lion of
tho rule under orders from mo during this
administration. But thero should bo no
denial of tho right of tho national govern
ment to employ tho military force on any
day and at any plaoo in caso suoh employ
ment is necessary to enforce tho constitu
tion and laws ot the United States."
Quoting tho bill, tho President says:
"It will bo observed that tho bill exempts
from tho general prohibition against tho
employment of military at tho polls two
specified oases. These exceptions recog
nize and concedo tho soundness of tho
principio that tho military may properly
and constitutionally bo used ut tho placo of
elections when suoh is necessary to enforco
tho constitution and tho laws; but tho
excepted casus leavo tho probition so expen
sive and far roaching that its adoption will
seriously impair tho eifloienoy of tho oxeo
utivo dopartmont."
Tho Prcsidont then proceeds io quoto
tho nets of Congress authorizing tho uso of
I military powor to oxeen to tho laws, tho
I provisions of which wore approved by
Washington and Jefferson, aita still later
by Lincoln. Referring thereto tho Presi
dent says:
"At tho most oriticul poriods of our
history my predecessors in the Excoutivo
havo rotircd on this great principio, 'It
was on this principio that President Wash
ington suppressed tho whiskey rebellion in
Pennsylvania in 1701. In 1806, on tho
samo principio, President Joffurson broke
up tho Burr conspiracy by issuing orders
for tho cmyloymout of suoh portions either
of tho regulars or of tho militia as might
bo neoossary, and by suoh proceedings of
tho civil authorities as might onabio thom
to suppress effectually tho further progress
of tho enterprise; and it waa under tho
Sumo authority that President Jaokson
ortitrhod nullification in South Carolina and
that 1'reside nt Lincoln issued his call for
troops to savo tho Union iu 1801. Qa
numerous other oooasioos of leos signifi
oanco undor probably every administration,
and certainly under tho present, this power
has beon usefully exerted to enforce tho
laws without objection by any party in tho
country and almost without attraoting
publio attention. Tho groat elementary
constitutional principio whioh was tho
foundation of tho origiuat statute of 1792,
and which baa boon its ossonoo in tho vari
ous forms it lina assumed siooo its first
adoption, is that tho government of tho
United States possesses, under tho constitu
tion, in a full measuro tho power of self
protcotion by its owu agonoies, altogether
independent of tho State authority, and, if
need be, against tho hostility of Stato gov
ernments. It should romain embodied in
our statutes unimpaired, as it has boon
from tho very origin of tho govorument.
lt should bo rogardod OB hardly less valuable
or IOBS sacred than a provision of tho con
stitution itself. There are many other im
portant statutes oontaining tho provisions
that aro Hablo to be suspended or onnullod at
tho times and places of holding olootions if
tho bill boforo me should become a law. 1
do not undertake to furnish a list of thom.
Many of them, perhaps tho most of them,
havo beon Bet forth in tho debates on this
mensuro. Thoy relato to extradition, to
crimea against the election law, tho quaran
tine regulations, to neutrality, to Indian
reservations, to tho civil rights of citizens
and to other eubjeots. Io regard to thom
oil it may bo suid that thc meaning and
effect of this bill is to tako from tho general
government an important part of its power
to enforoo tho laws.
Another grave objection to this bill is ito
discrimination in favor of tho State nnd
against national authority. Tho presence
or employment of tho army or navy of the
United Stotcp is lawful under the terms of
this bill at tho placo where an election is
being held in n Stato government then and
there in need of Buoh military intervention,
but unlawful to uphold tho authority ot
tho government of tho United States then
and there in need of suoh military inter
vention. Under this bill tho presunoo and
employment of tho army or navy of thc
United States would bo lawful and might
bo necessary to maintain tho conduct of n
Stato election against the domestic violence
that would overthrow it, but woOld bo un
lawful to maintain the oonduot of a nationa
elcotion against tho samo looal violence
that would overthrow it. This discrimina
tion hos never boen attempted in any previ
ous legislation by Congress, and is no mon
oompatiblo with tho sound principles of tin
constitution or tho ncaossary maxims an<
methods of our system of government 01
occasions of elections than nt other times
In tho early legislation of 1792 and o
1795, by whioh the militia of tho Stoic
was thc only military power resorted to fo
tho execution of tho constitutional power
in support of tho Stuto or national authority
both functions of thc government wcro pu
upon tho jame fooling. Bj thc act of 180'
tho employment of tho army nnd navy wo
authorized for tho performance of both cou
stitutional duties in tho snmo terms. I
all later statutes on tho same subject matte
tho samo mensuro of authority to tho gov
eminent has beon accorded for tho perform
j anon of both these duties. No proceder
has beon found in any previous legislado
and no sufficient reason has been givcu fo
discrimination in favor of thc State an
against tho national authority whioh th:
bill contains. Under tho sweeping terni
of tho bill tho national government i
effectually shut out from tho exercise c
tho right and from tho discharge of th
imperative duty to uso its whole exooutiv
power whenever and wherever required ft
thc onforoctnent of Us laws nt tho pine?
and times, where und when its olootions ar
held. Tho eu-ploymont of its organize
armod forces for auy such purpose woul
bo an offense against tho law unless calle
for by and thcreforo upon permission i
tho authorities of tho Stnto in whioh tl
accusation arisca. What is this but tl
substitution of the discretion of tho Stn
govornmonta for tho discretion of tho go\
eminent of tho Uuitcd States ns to tl
performance of its own duties? Ia ir
judgment this is an abandonment of i
obligation by tho national government,
subordination of national authority, and c
intrusion of Stato supervision ovor nation
duties, whioh amounts in spirit and tonde
oy to Stato Hupromaoy. Though I helio'
that tho existing statutes aro abundant
adcquQto to completely provont milita
interference nt olootions, in tho sense
whioh tho phrase is used in tho title of tl
bill, and is employed by tho pcoplo of tl
country, I H ball find no difficulty in co nor
our ring in any additional legislati
limited to that obj cot whioh does not int?
foro with tho indospnnsiblo exercise of t
powers of tho government under thc ooi
stitution ond laws.
"RUTHERFORD B. HAYES,
"HYKOUTIVE MANSION, May 12, 1870
A Haokonsnok mon was at midnig
creeping softly along tho bod room floor
hands and knees and was fooling oorofu
undor tho bureau for something ho h
hidden that ovootng boforo, but his w
awoko and said:
"Potor, what undor hoavons oro y
doing there?"
"Boar" said hey "I'm walking in i
sloop, and dreaming that I am pluoki
some water lilies from tho softy blue bos
of tho lako."
How to got tho flask out of there W<
BIIO got up iu tho morning, wan what wc
ried him moro than tho water lilies did.
Buying a Railroad for Cash.
Tho Montgomery and Eufaula Railroad
was sold in Montgomery Thursday. There
wore somo interesting features about it
outside tho bare details of the tiansaotioo.
The Louisville and Nashville Railroad
Company wanted the lino badly, and had
scoured tho control of the bonds. It was
thought by tho outsiders it would win.
Tho Central Railroad Company of Georgia
was compelled to have it to proteot their
varied oonneotions sad iotorests. Mont
gomery favored tho Kentucky party.
Tho salo took plaoe at the artesian basto,
Mr. Iii ingham Young being auotioneor. Tho
two parties woro arrayed in hostile oamps
ono lcd by Dr Stondiford, President of tho
Louisville and Nashville, and tho other by
Col. Wadley, President of tho Georgia
Centnil. The former waa tho largest crowd,
bul tho Georgians looked gamo and deter
mined.
United States Commissioner Duntok read
the dooroo of oourt. Maj. Semple, attorney
of tho Contra!, asked Rcoeivor Lane how
much coat was in his hands, and $12,000
carno as tho reply.
Mr. Foster, a New York lawyer, did thc
bidding for tho Louisville and Nashville
and Col. Wadloy for himself. Tho battle
bogau by Foster putting up 51,250,000, and
Col. Wadley saw him 950,000 bettor
Then amounts went up rapidly by fivo anc
ono thousands, uutil $1,550,000 wen
reached, when Kentucky went up 350,000
and Georgia, not bull-dozod tho toast
quietly nodded an additional thousand
So they wont on to 61,800,000, when Ken
tucky wcakoncd and consulted. At tbii
point a Georgia division oxpress superinten
dont quietly remarked: "John, tho old mai
moans to buy her." Thc auotioneor oriei
out: "Don't turn your baoks on me, gent?o
moo, oomo to mc; railroads are not sob
ovory day iu Montgomery."
Kentucky returned to the charge, am
tho figures roso rapidly to two millions
when Louisville again hobnobbed. J
gentleman with a Mosaio nose, in passing
heard tho ory: "Only two millions; wh
will bid more?" ''Only two millions!'
muttered audibly tho foreigner, "mino Gc
in himmoll only, only,"- 'Twas too moo
for him, and ho passed on sadly.
About this timo tho United States Com
missioner remarked: "Gentlemen, ramera
ber this is a cash transaction, and tho mono
must be paid by 2 o'clock." "I am awai
of that," answered Col. Wadloy; "but you'
allow mo timo to go to the bank; as 1 don
generally carry that tnuoh money about me.
Kentucky again rallied and graduall
advanoed to 82,119,000. Col. Wadlo
nodded 2,120,000 and Louisville quit tb
?cld in disgust, having had enough. Tb
party, with their engino and throe car
with which they intondod to excursion!!
over their possessions, returned to Louis
villo that afternoon. Tho Shawlnccks ha
scored another viotory over tho Dominickor
They say a Georgian tossed up his hat ac
gave a yell of triumph.
Thc cash was paid at 2 P. M., and tl
Montgomery and Eufaula Railroad passe
into tho control of President Wadley ar
tho Central Railroad and Banking Com
pany.
It is stated that Col. Lane, tho late rt
ceivcr made $100,000 by tho salo.
[ Columbus Enquirer.
From Washington.
WASHINGTON, May 13.-Tho Dom
srats, if tho statements of their loading mi
ire to Lo relied upon, havo already agr?<
upon tho programme which they will or
icavor to follow. The plan, as stated t
)no of the?racmbors of tho Committeo
Safety, tho thinking committee of tho Di
tnocratsis: Wo will toke tho juror test oa
icction out of tho legislativo bill and pa
it immediately as a separate bill and soud
.o tho President. That law is tho only ot
that tho South cares anything about at at
rato, and Southorn men, as a matter nf fa
is to theso other propositions have on
favored thom ot tho request of tho Nortl
)rn Democrats. I cxpoot that tho Pres
lent will sign tho jurors test oath rope
.lill. Wo should thoo pass tho legislativ
executive and judicial appropriation b
di rough both Houses, striking out t
icotions whioh proposo tho ropeal of t
Buporvisorc law and the Deputy Marsh)
aw, inserting instead of thom tho provis!
mot no money appropriated by that b
ihall bo applied, under penalties, to t
payment of any Supervisors. Of ooui
Supervisors could bo appointed, but it won
io necessary for tho Republicans to p
?hom, if they were to be paid at all, out
heir ont..paige fund nnd not out of t
Federal Treasury. And then we shot
ot tho army bill fail. No attempt would
eade to report it from the oonimit.t
Very few pcoplo in thia country oare mu
ibout tho army any way. Tho bill 1
ilroady failed throe or four times in c
listory without the destruction of the G
rcrumont, or material inconvenience, a
ho bulk of tho army appropriations goes
ho pay of officers, who aro oonsidored b;
argo portion of this country as a lot of on
nontal supornumories that oould bo as w
ibolished as not. Thero oould no inoonv
lionoo or dangor oomo from tho tailuro
ho army bill."
WASHINGTON, May 18.-An annount
neat, very innooent on its faoo, was mt
fow days since that Assistant Postmi
or General Ty nor and another oftioisl?
he department were to leave for tho Pac
oast to oxamine the mail facilities with a vi
o improving tho samo, and that this n
ion would oooupy soveral months. It 1
long been a notorious faot that the Post Office
Department officials were singularly fortu
nate in boing allowed holiday etoufsions
while ostensibly doing sorvioo for the de
partment.
Thoee who ought to know say that this
innocent expedition of Tyoor and compan
ions covora a neat pleoe of wire pulling.
Some timo ago a story gained considerable
circulation that Grant abd Key would be a
tioket for the convention of '80, and that it
would bo nooossnry for Grant's tioket to
[have a tail from the South. Ty not waa
one of tho frionds of this movement md ls
yet, it is fluid by well informed persons.
Now ho is timing his visit to the Paoiflo
coast, whero Key spent a delightful timo a
year ago, to preparo the wires for this move*
mont, and s'so to bo on hand to superintend
the ovatiop Grant is to roooivo as he enters
the Golden Gate.
KEEP DWELLINGS DRY.-Says the
Artisan: "A warm and dry atmosphere is
not unwholesome, but whon cloudy or rainy
weather brings a sultry air whioh dampens
everything around us, the atmosphere may
bo loaded with the germs of disease, and
Sro is needod to destroy them. The walls,
the coiling and tho floors of apartments
should never bo allowed to beoome damp.
Sometimes,- when tho warmth of the air
is oppressive, fire ls mote necessary to
preserve health than it is at another season
to proteot us from the oold of winter; and
the rooms of a dwelling should h?Vot be
left without the means of warming and
drying. Investigations havo shown that
many of tho most fatal diseases are caused
by the gorms of vegetablo and animal life,
and that a humid atmosphere ?B most favora
ble fof their propagation. It is, therefore,
neglootiog to avail ourselves of the great
discoveries of the oge, and failing to proteot
ourselves from tho aoodrges whioh so fear
fully affiiot families, when wo ignoro tho
dangers whioh surround us. Apartments
exposed to the full notion of the sun may
bo less oomfortablo in hot wea thor than
thoso from whioh tho sun's rays are excluded
but they aro moro wholesome, and when
contagious diseases prevail in oloBoly built
oities, it is found that tho inmates of hoasos
on that sido of the street exposed to the
sun are less liable to bo attaoked, while
tho greatest number of siok aro always
found where there is the least exposure to
the rays of that great disinfeotor--the sun.
Koon Fon HUMAN FOOD.-Tho Southern
Poultry Journal says; "An egg is really more
nutritious than meat. There is really no
waste in bone, rind and tough piooos. A
wealthy friond onoo told me that for bis small
family it took about three pounds of meat per
day for eaoh person, but this was because
thero was so mooh wnsto in flesh. Flesh is
tho most oxponsivo of foods; eggs tho choap
OBt of animal food. I think eggs, considering
tho nutriment they contain, compared witt
beef, at least four times cheaper. Tho English
vegetarians eat no flesh; they are on the
average long lived-much longer than other
people. They uso oggs moderately.
"Tho way to cook aa egg, according to my
notion, is to put it into water Of a tompera
ture of 180 degrees, and lot it stand fivo
minutos. The inside or yoke will be bard
and tho whito of tho egg will not be bard,
but flooulent like ourd and of easy digestion
A little skill will toaoh any ono now to do
this. The eggs are then delioious. The only
dressing needed on ah egg is a little good
butter-at least 1 think so. Pepper and salt
are only domanded by a morbid taste. Fried
eggs, I think, are about nothing. An ogp
dropped into water 180 degrees F., and
allowed to remain four or fivo minutes so as
to cook through, and thou laid on a nioo piece
of brown broad, which bas boen toasted and
dipped in bot water, !? good enough foi* a
king.
"Custards made of eggs ate both nutri
tious and wholesome. For tho feeblo they
aro better than beefsteak, and may be used
froely."
INDIAN REMAINS AND REMOS EXCAVA?sn;
For some timo past Captain Sage, superin
tendent of the road-bed of tho Atlanta and
Clnn lotto Air Lino Rail Road with a force of
workmen, has beon ongdgOd in filling up tho
trestle at Paw Creek bridge; about six miles
from the oily, digging into a hill on the Wost
sido of tho road to procuro tho dirt for this
pur poso. AdayortvVo ago thoy dug in td an
old Indian mound, and proceeded to examino
its contents. Thc* excavation revealed the
bones of at loiut ii half doSSen bodies, almost
entirely decomposed. A skull was taken out
almost perfect, but on being exposed to tho
air suddenly fell to pieces. On and about the
bodies Were found a quantity of beads. In
most instances these wore found in a position
whioh would indicate that thoy woro around
tho nocks of the corpses and gatherod in
bunohe'n on their breasts. On ond of the
bodies, tho mere outlines of whioh wero visit
bio, was found a buckle and around it a co .
lorod stronk in the earth whioh suggested the
idea that tho body was o noirci od by a bolt j
A pipo was also found near ono of the bodies.
Captain Sago has this, With a quantity of tho
beads and a fow of the best preservod bones
that ho could find, and intends to presorvo
them as relics.- Charlotte Observer.
How TO MAKE HENS LAY.-A corres
pondent informs us that whilo on a visit in
tho fall to a friond, he was surprised to soe
tho numbor of eggs ho daily obtained. He
had but sixteon hons and the product por
diem averaged thirteen eggs. He had beon
in the habit of giving on every altornato
day a teaspoonful and a quarter of oayonne
pepper mixed with soft food, and took oar?
that oaoh hon obtained her share. The
experiment of omitting the pepper was tried
when it was found that the number of eggs
woro reduced each trial from fivo to nix
daily. Our Correspondent believed that the
moderate uso of this stimulant not only
i nc, ro??os tho number of egg?, but o?foot?
ally wards oft diseases to Whioh ohickena
aro subject.
A lady writes! For thrco years I havo
lived io a town abd during that time my
sitting room has been free from flies, three
or four only walking about roy breakfast
table, whilo my neighbors' rooms were
orowded; I often congratulated myself OD
my escape, but never knew the reason of
it until a few days ago. I then had occa
sion to move my goods to another house,
while 1 remained on fot* a few days longer.
Among other thing? moved were two boxes
of geraniums and calceolarias, which stood
tn my windows, being' always opeo to full
ox tc ut, top and bottom. Tho boxes were
not gone half an hour before my room was
as full of flies as those around me. This,
to me, is a new discovery, and perhups it
may serve to encourage others in that way
which is always a soureo of pleasure, namely
window gardening. Mignonette planted
in long, shallow boxes, plaoed on tho win
dow sill, will be found exoollont for this
purpose.
.-* . V
A JIT Y of CAVES.-Away out on tho
Toxas frontier, and in the Eastern margin
of that vast desort expanse, tho Llano Es*
taoado, sixty miles North of tho little town
of Graham, there sottlcd about a year ago a
colony from Oregon consisting of nine
families. Tho locality was a distance from
market and lumber soaroely to bo had.
The settlers, thoreforo, as tho oold northers
of winter were approaching, determined to
build habitations undergronnd. They
selected a hill? in whose sides thoy exca
vated rooms, halls, kitchens and sleeping
apattmoota, not unlike tho anoient dwellers
in the rooks of Judea. A chimney was
formed by running a stove pipe up through
the hill to the surface. Tho dwclings aro
perfcotly dry and warra in the coldest and
moat freeling norther. This little city of
eaves has been named Oregon City, and
will be the oapital of Baylor County.
GEORGIA'S WONDER.-There is a won?,
derful freak of nature about six miles
northwest of G nines ville, Georgia, whioh is
commonly known as the Devil's Mill Hop*
pet. This Curiosity is a large sink io tho
earth, coveting aa area of perhaps four
acres around the top, which gradually
becomes smaller as you descend-being ODO
hundred aod fifty feet below tho earth's
surfaoe. Having effected tho descent of
the steep walls of rook, a body uf water is
approached whioh is perhaps fivo hundred
feet In circumference, probably less in dry
weather. Into this sheet of water is a
oontlnnal flow of ten or twelve good sized
streams, from the orovieos of the rook wall
surrounding. Around this wall is a large
growth of tho varions kindB of trees grown
in Florida-oak, ash, hickory, bay, and
also a thick undergrowth of ferns and
mosses.
Ia tho timo Of Julius Cmsar, Lake Fuoind,
situated in the Appennines, about fifty miles
Southeast of Rome, some 2,200 feet above
the level of tho sea, was a sonroo of great
annoyance. It received the ruinfall of a
large district, and was constantly varying in
extent, frequently destroying the labors of
tho tillers of tho neighboring soil and pron
muting disease. Jolina Ccosnr thoreforo
planned the drainngo of tho lako by a subter
ranean tunnel, but was killed before this
oould be done. In tho intervening cen torios
since his death, varions speculators have
proposed to completo thc Woak, which nt
length has been admirably carried ont at tho
instanco of tho groat banker, Torlonin, at a
cost of $10,000,000. Tho work bas taken
twenty .four years, and 35,000 aores of excel
lent arable land havo boen redeemed, on
wbioh the farmor oan expend his labor wi tim
ont fear of inundation. As an engineering
feat this ranks very high.
. The spread of Nihilism is partly accounted
for by the Saturday llevtei? on tho ground
that there is an inborn Worthorism in Rus
sians. Tho war, it remarks, may have deep
ened tho feeling, for it is tho kind of fooling
whioh is easily deepened in troubled times?
but its existence is in no way explained by
the war. Whoso this sort of melancholy
exists thero is a disposition to brood over
wrongs;, but to bo indifferent to remedies.
Tho Nihilists havo no Russia thnt they wish
to substitute for the Russia that exists. Thoy
merely bato those who work tho machinery
af existing Russia, and aro ready to lay down
their lives if only they may previously havo thc
satisfaction of killing somo ono who conducts
or represents tho system they detest. No
political body oould be loss flt or less in
clined than these Nihilists to real- up tho
fabric of constitutional government. They
ure not of tho pooplo nor for tho people
They aro not ovon for tho m sol ves. Thoy can.
not proporly be said to have a cause. If they
san but ropay on their tyrants sohio of tho
misery thoy undergo or fear, thoy aro satis
fled.
To tho highotonod peoplo who nro almost
ready to despair of good government ns the
prodllot of universal suffrage we commend
thc words of Edmund Burke: ''Tho peoplo
may bo deceived in tho ohoioo of an objoot,
but I oan scarcely conceive any choico thoy
ian make whioh would be so mischievous as
tho oxistonoo of human fores oapablo of re*
listing it." Wo oan think of nothing moro
nbaurd than tho fear, of which wo sometimes
hear tho expression, that the peoplo will hnv?
thoir own way. Of OQUrao, they are liable
to make mistakes in deflnnco of wise COUDGOIS,
bot their power to do as they ploaso is thc
ono condition of political freedom, and those
who regret that thoy have that power, or
would seek to limit it, aro os retrogressive in
thoir ideas as any despot who, in the groat
struggle for human liberty? has resisted the
tide of progress.
The Govert?of of Tennessee has isoued a
proclamation for un Oleotioh, August 7, to
afford the peoplo of tho Kioto on opportunity
to et press their approval or disapproval of
the settlement of the debt at fifty cents on
the dollar and four per oent. Interest.

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