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Job Printing uoatly and ohoaply exoou
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To Vbiwe Own Self Bo I'mu I|M() JI Rfiul VollOir ?w tho Night lie Uny, '?'IIOK ?UHHU Wot Then Mo VuUt) (. Amj Bf ?M.
BY THOMPSON, SMITH & ?JAY?fKS.
WAIiJtlAljIiA, SOUTH OAltOLINA^ DUCl?MlilOK <t, 180?.
VOIitTMK XIiI.-~ifO 48.
GOOD FLOUR, por barrel, $5.75 ; por aaok, 76o.
CALIFORNIA HAMS, per pound, 10o.
WESTERN S. C. HAMS, per pound, 12|c.
BREAKFAST STRIP BACON, per pound, lio.
PURE HOG'S LARD, per pound, 10o.
PICKLED COD FISH, 7 pounds for 25e; per pound, 4o.
NEW MESS MACKEREL, 0 for 25o.; oaob, 6o.
FRESH PICKLED PIG'S FEET, 6 for 25c.;* caob, 5o.
D. S. CHOICE BACON, per pound, 7?o.
SIFTED BLACK PEPPER, 8 pounds for 50o.; per pound 20o.
SIFTED ALL-SPICE, 2 pounds for 25c; por pound, 15o.
BEST PURE SODA, 6 pounds for 25c; por pound, 5o.
N, Q.. GRANULATED SUGAR, ?or pound, 7o.
BEST A. SARDINES, per box, DO.
NEW SALMON, vory fino, por can, 15c.
125 pounds fine BURLAP SAL'l\ por sack, 75c.
125 pounds WHITE SEAMLESS COTTON SALT, per sack, 85c
150 pounds LIVERPOOL WHITE COTTON SALT, per sack, ttl.00.
200 pounds LIVERPOOL BURLAP SALT, por sack, $1.10. *
RIM KNOB DOOR LOCKS, each, 25c
BEVILED AXES, best steel, each, 85c.
PLAIN AXES, best stool, oach, 75c
, HEEL BOLTS, each, 5c
CLEVISES, 8 for 25c; each, 10c.
PLOWS, Boootors, per pound, 4?c. . .'
PLOWS, all others, per pound, 5c
PLOW STOCKS, $1.00 to $1.10,
One Car Load Best TIMOTHY HAY, very oheap.
STANDARD COTTON CHECKS, bolt, 64c; por yard, Oe t
STANDARD ? SHIRTING, bolt, 4?c; per yard, 5c
STANDARD ? SHIRTING, bolt, 5?c; por yard, Oe
STANDARD 4-4 SHEETING, bolt, 0c; por yard, Ojo.
EXTRA HEAVY DRILLS, bolt, 7c; per yard, 7^c
, CALICO, 8, 4, 6, 0 and 7c. por yard.
GOOD BLEACHING, per yard, 0c
I FRUIT OF THE LOOM, bolt, 8*0.; per yard, Oe
4-4 FRUIT OF THE LOOM, bolt, O^e; per yard, 10o.
CUPS AND SAUCERS, unhandled, per set, 20e
PLATES, 6 inch, 80c por set; oaob, 5o.
PLATES, 0 inch, 85e per sot; each, 6c . *
PLATES, 7 inch, 40c per sot ; oaoh, 7o.
BEST VALENCIA RAISINS.
NEW LEGHORN CITRON.
NEW LARGE CRANBERRIES.
NEW LARGE COCOANUTS.
jYOTICM'-All Accounts aro duo and must bo settled in November.
?. H. Shumacher, Prop'r.
GOODS DELIVERED AND PACKED FREE. ^
EICHMOND & DANVILLE RAILROAD CO.
Atlanta & Charlotte Air Line Railway Division.
Following Schedule In ?Wicct November 2d, 1800.
SOUTHBOUND. STATIONS. NORTHliOUND.
No. ?4. No. 62. No. 60. No. 61. No. 63. No. 66.
?IAllTV. DAILY. DAILY. DAILY. DAILY. DAILY. .
I.V. 12 20 nm 100 pm 2 16 nm.Clint-lotto....Ar. 4 26nm 6 80 pm 4 50pra
? 12 30 " . 2 26 " . Lodo.............. " 4 16 " . 4 40 "
0 1244 " . 2 38 M .Uollomont. " 4 02 ?. 4 23 ?'
?' 12 61 ? . 2 48 " .Lowell--"." 3 62 M . 4 13 "
?. 1 00 '? . 2 60 " .(Instenla. M S 41 " . 4 00 "
?' 1 20 . 8 0? .'? .Hoallng Springs. " 3 31 M . 3 40 ,l
M i 33 H . 3 20 " .Klng'sMf... ?j 3 20 " . 3 32 ?'
" 1 60 M 2 16 p m 3 40 " .Orovor. " 8 00 " 4 10 p m 3 14 11
2 00 M . 8 63 " .DlaoUsburg. M 2 60 " . 3 02 '<
.. 2 17 <. . 4 08 " .GaiTnoy's. " 2 34 ? . 2 43 "
2 29 " . 4 22 " .Tlllokotty. " 2 22 ? . 2 29 ?.
" 2 43 " . 4 34 " .CowpoilB. " 2 11 " . 2 17 "
M 2 47 ". 4 37 " .Clltton. " 2 06 . 2 18 ?
" 2 63 . 4 12 M .Mount Lion. ' 2 00 " . 2 07 ?
" 3 06 " 3 26 pm 4 61 " .Bpnrtnnburg. " 149 3 06 pin 167 M
" 8 10 " . -160 " .Bpnrtnnburg Juno. - 140 ". 1 63 ??
M 8 10 " . 6 02 " ..Voir Forest. " 1 40 ?' . 1 47 "
8 3t> . 6 16 .Wolll'ora. " 1 2? ? . 1 84 M
.? 8 30 " ' . 6 21 " ........Duncan's. j? 120 " . i S7 "
M. 8 40 " . 6 31 M ........ Grcor's.1 ll .? . 1 M <?
" 4 00 ?? . 6 40 " .Taylor's. " 101. i 07
.J 4 20 M 4 30 pm 6 6? " .Orconvillo. ?, 12 44 pm 2 00 pm 12 60 ?1
. 4 41 " fi 08 " .Croswoll. '. 12 81 ?. 1 47 ".
. 4 66 " 0 21 M .Knslcy's. '< 12 21 " 1 86 " .
.8 08 <. fl 32 '? .Llborty. M 12 09 .' 124 " .
. 6 40 " 7 05 " .Contrai. '* ll 65 1 10 " .
. 6 66 " 7 18 M .;......Keow00. " 1184 12 87 '? .
. 6 09 " 7 31 " .Sonooa., " 1121 " 12 26 M .
. 0 20 ? . 7 41 " .Richland. " ll 10 " 12 16 " .
. 0 30 " 7 61 '. .Westminster.... " 1100 " 12 06 ? .
. 6 10 ? 8 01 " .llnrbln's. " 10 60 " ll 60 am .
. 0 60 " 8 ll M .lion Clovolnnd.. 10 40 " 1140 ?.
. 0 67 " 8 18 11 ........Folsom. "10 82 <? 1138 " .
7 10 ?? 8 81 " .Toccoa. " 10 20 " ll 20 " .
. 7 20 ? 8 47 " ..'.-....Ayorsvlllo.? 10 04 " ll 13 ? .:
.7 49 M 0 05 " .Mount Airy. ? 9 60 " ll 00 " .
. 7 65 M 0 10 " .Cornolin. " 9 43 " 10 65 " .
. 8 06 " 022 " .I-ongvlow. " 0 84 " 10 47 ? .
. 8 20 " 11:,!! .Holton. ?. 0 19 .? 10 83 " .
. 8 22 " ll 38 " ........Lula. M Dl(t ? 10 30 " .
. 8 36 " 9 61 M .Sulphur Bpr'gs. " 9 02 " 10 10 " .
. ? 4i> " v M? .. .Holland Bpr'gs.. " 9 64 10 08 " .
. 8 60 M 10 05 " .Gainesville. " 8 60 M 10 05 " .
. 0 01 " 10 20 " .Odell's. " 8 37 " 9 62 " .
. 9 02 .< l? 20 '. .Floweryltrnncb. M 8 31 9 46 M
.9 20 M 10 42 " .B?roira. " 8 18 " 9 80 " .
. 9 Kl M 10 51 ? .Suwanee. " 8 05 " 9 17 " .
. 0 43 " liai " .Dulutlu. 7 6-1 0 06 ?' .
. 9 61 M ll IC " .NororosB. " 7 43 ? 8 66 ".
10 02 " 112-1 " .Doravlllo. ? 7 35 " 8 40 " .
. 10 05 " ll 27 " .Clianibleo. " 7 32 " 8 43 '. .
. 10 10 " 1133 " .Goodwin's. " 7 27 ? 8 38 " .
. 10 20 " ll It .Holt Junction... M 7 18 '? 8 28 " .
. 10 21 " 1142 " .PcftChtrco. ? 7 17 " 8 27 ?? .
Ar. 10 40 " 12 00 m .Atlanta.Lv. 7 00 " 8 10 "
Additional trains Nos. 40 and 41-T.ula accommodation, dally oxeopt Sunday-leaves Atlanta
6.80 v. M., arrives Lula 8.12 r. M. nctnrnlng, leaves I.iiln0.15 A. M., arrives AtlanU8.60 A", M.
., Between Lula and Allions-No. 52 daily, except .Sunday, -and No. 60 dally, loavo Lula 8.85 p. M.,
nnd 10.80 A. M., nrrlvo Atlions 10.26 v. M. and 12.20 r. M. lloturnlng, leave Athens, No. 61 dally,
except Sunday, and No. 63 dully, 6.60 P. M< and 7.40 A. M., nrrlvo I.uln 7.60 P. H. and 9.80 A. M.
llotwe-in Toccoa nnd Klborton-No. 1 dally, except Sunday, and No. 3 dally, lcavo Toccoa 11.80
A. M. mid 3.15 P. M., nrrlvo Klborton 3.30 p. M. and 7.15 A. M. Returning, Nos. 4 and 2 dally, except
Sunday, lcavo Klborton 1.30 P. M. and 4.30 A. M., ariivo Toccoa 6.10 p. H, and 8.15 A. M.
Nos. 61, 63, 60,rind 52, carry Pullman Bluopors botween Washington and Atlanta.
For detailed information ns to local and through time tables, ?ates nnd Pullman Blooping Our
reservations, confer with local agents, or address
.SAH. !.. TAYl.Olt, If, ft. ftlr.OI.KNKKY,
Gen'l Pass. Agt., Div. Puss. Agt.,
, Washington, 1>. O. , Atlanta, Ga.
G. O. WKI.I.8,
j. 'iii omi,.
Greenville, S. O.
ROliT. A, THOMPSON,
ROUT. T. JAYNKS,
Walhalla, S. C.
Wells, Orr, Thompson & Jap,
Attorney a and Counsellors at /M?O,
Wathalla, JS. C.
Special attention given to all business
ontrustcd to our caro.
August 25,1SS7. 04-a
NoTICK is hereby givon that I will bo
at my oflloe, near tho Norman Park Hotel,
for tho winter, whore I desiro ?ll persons
owing mo by noto or account, to call
and mako immediate payment or satis
J. P. MIOKLKR.
Gclobor ??, ?mio. > 42-tf
TUB GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE.
_- : ' '
Tho message of Governor Richard
son is .. a plain business papen It
sots forth tho finanoial oondilion of
tho State in a Bimplc, olear and o?n
oiso way. "V^o [ ? copy a. full ey nop?is
of tho message from the Columbia
Register as follows :
The total recoipts in State Trea
sury for tho past yoar wore $1,129,
898.41; tho oash balance on Ootober
81,1889, $00,142.82$ total amount to
be accounted for $1,190,086.28. The
total expenditures were $1,112,092,
whioh loft a balance on October 31,
1890, of $77,948.93.
? Tho publio dobt funded and futida^
bio under consolidation Act of 1878
is stated at $6,841,000. Adding to
this amount tho Agricultural College
script of $101,800, the deficiency
stock of $769.95, and tho blue 4?
pr cent's of $400,000, tho total valid
debt of tho State is stated at $6,483,
659.95. Of this amount $6,841,000,
representing tho old fundablo bonds,
will bo duo in 1808, for tho funding
of whioh tho present Legislature
Tho Governor submits an explana
tion of tho Treasurer, showing tho
reason why no action has boon taken
towards funding tho debt no author
ized by tho Aot of the last Assombly.
It seems that tbo Troasurcr was
instructed by tho Attorney-Gonoral,
on his attention hoing called to the
samo, that the Aot was not constitu
tionaly and that in his opinion noth
ing could bo legally and effectually
dono without further legislation.
As to. tho forfeited and delinquent
land,, the Governor says tho Aot
passed at tho last session of the Leg
islature touching tho collootion of
these taxes has proven an offootivo
remedy, and that suits brought under
it have invariably brought hitherto
indifferent and reluctant parties to
?.? speedy settlement of tho State's
olaims. Tho amount duo tL^, State
on account of old forfaited lands,
tho Governor states on,,tho authority
of tho report of the Sinking Fund
Commission, to be over $300,000.
An effcotivo law for tho collection of
these dues scorns to have been at last
devised and is now in operation.
AB to tho abandoned lands not
returned for taxation, tho Governor
says tho Aot of Decomber last,
authorizing tho Sinking Fund Com?
mission, whore vcr land was found to
have been absent from tho tax books
for ton or moro immediately preceding
years, to havo tho sarno surveyed and
sold for tho cost of survey, 60 por
3ont penalty additional thereto, and
for five years' back taxes, has operated
svell. Its execution has cost the
Stato nothing, and under it a con
iderablo aroa has been sold at a not
profit to tho State and restored to
,hc tax books. Its benofioial effects
lave, however, reached beyond the '
?asos to whioh it has been applied,
jeoause much land whioh has hereto
'oro escaped taxation has boon re
turned by owners to provont tho sur
foy and sale of their land undor this
The Governor reports a marvolous
noroaso in tho numbor and eftloicncy
>f tho publio schools of the State
n tho last four years. The summary
jivon by His Excellency showB an
norenso from 1880 to 1800 of 150
ichool districts, 288 schools, 17,294
mrol?cd pMpMs, 21,108 in attendance,
579 sohool Itousos, and besides tho
lohool houses owned by tho Stato
hero are 126 school houses rented.
Tho valuation of school buildings
n 1886 was $398,903, and in 1800
^487,262, showing an inorcaee. of
$8,849 in tho four years. The osti
natod value of graded school build
ngs now undor construction is $60,
Tho Govornor tolls us oncourag
ngly : The towns ot tho Stato havo
rreotod costly school buildings with
ivory modorn convonienco. In many
)f tho counties thoro is a good build
ng in ovory neighborhood. Tho past
'our years may woll bo termed the
ira of building sohool houses in the
State. And yot all this has boon
tccomplishcd without shortening tho
;ohool term, though tho Stato con
tributions to the publio -schools
romain tho same. All of whioh, tho
Glovornor thinks, clearly show that
with tho same fund a very much
a?rcntor amount of work has been
[tccomplishcd. Tho very large expend !
di turo of money for buildings is tho
best cvidonco of tho vitality and pro
gross of our system of publio sohools.
Ai to tho State's highor schools of
loaming, tho Governor commonds
warmly to tho fostoring caro of tho
Legislature the State University.
And in oonnootion with tho steadily
advancing educational standard of
this tlme-hohorcd/ institution, tho
Governor addresses some wholosomo
observations touching tho inestiwn-,
bio I bonofits ?to i society at largo of
higher dduoation. It in said :
1 It may, however, bo well to point
out evon to a pqople thoroughly ajiyo
to tho neod bf: general education, tho
historio fact . that improvement in
tue methods of," "fan enlorgomont ;pf
the sobpo ?f, ?duo?tlon come from
tim enthusiasm and scholarship nur
tured at groat seats of learning. The
University is tho- tap-rodt of popular
education;' Not!'to cito Europ?en
history in proof of this, wo find an
example nearor homo ia the splondid
impetus givon to .secondary and pri
mary education iii Virginia through
tho wort ind infhionooOf its grcht
and nobly-endowed University.
South Carolina has a like opportunity
by means of libe: ul support to her
institutions for higher education' to
insuro on equally hoalthy aird steady
development' of her own systom of
Every Stoto in our section of tho
country, with ono dxception, hits
founded and fosters its University.
South Carolina oanuot afford to bo
behind Michigan, Cah'foroiti, Kansas,
Wisconsin, not to name fa?' younger
sisters in the family of States, who
aro pressing on tho work of Univer
sity organization. Competition in
education is too keen, the march of
soience too quick, tho growth of
knowledgo too big, tho domuhd for
thorough training along all lines of
activity from tho thousands who seek
to pass through tho training camps
of our Universities ready for tho
battles of lifo, too insistent, to allow
any University io standstill without
being distanced, or to recur to thc
methods and standards of tho past
without being abandoned by its stu
dents and teachers.
Tho Governor points to the State's
Military Academy ns a vital force in
thc development of thc personal and
material resources of tho common
wealth. In its method of furnishing
a practical ?ducation, in establishing
a strong sense of duty and habits of
promptness ?uul self-reliance, thc
Governor ?B convinced that this
institution works on lines peculiar to
itself. And whilst it has continued
to furnish tho means of a complete
education to many worthy young
men of humble' means, we may well
point to tho honorable nnd servicea
ble car.eor of many prominent mon
in tho history of tho State as mea
suring, by an easy method, tho use
fulness of this institution.
Of the Clemson College, the Gov
ernor tells us the protracted suit
touching tho Clomson bequest finally
resulted in transferring to the State
the Fort Hill farm of over SOO acres
and $11,288 in cash", which, with thc
bonds and securities, turned over to
the Stato by Mr. Clemson's executor,
aro estimated at $72,288.24. Iii
noting the progress that has been
made in constructing tho necossnvy
buildings of this important institu
tion, tho Governor tells us : At tint
dato everything is moving satisfac
torily, with a very fair chance for r
full realization of all expectations
Whilst tho expenditures so far havt
not been large, most of tho money if
in a shape whioh shows the cconomj
that has' been used, and all of it cai
bo easily traced to expenditures thai
wore proper. Tho brick on ham
and in course of manufacture, thc
lumber in tho buildings and on th?
Bites ready to bo usod, the varioui
machinery, with wagons and mules
and hundreds of other things ii
value at reasonable appraiscmont
will now amount to moro than all th?
money that IIOB boon oxpended. N<
mistakes havo so far been made
Thc Governor heartily recommend
such appropriations as will cxpedit
tho completion of tho work and plac
tho institution in activo operation.
Tho Hoard of Trustees states tba
tho completion of tho whole wor
in timo for tho opening of tho col
lege, on Ootobor tho 1st noxt, wi
dopond on tho decision of tho Login
lature to grant at onco tho appr<
priations necessary for tho ontii
construction contemplated. If th
appropriations aro spread out ov<
two yoars instead of one, tho Collcg
cnn s'.ill bo partially opened Octob?
1st next, and tho work on tho buih
ing8 still go on. Tho uso of convie
in tho work has, up to this tim
boon tho occasion of great saving i
cost and ?lolays, and an increaso i
this help will groatly facilitate tl
completion of the buildings in tim
In noticing tho Winthrop Trnlnii
.School, tho Govornor colls nttonth
to the faot that this school is tl
recipient, of tho solo 'expenditure
tho Stato for tho training and hijjh
education of hov girls, and though
this nrapunt so expended is small, it
has already yielded a rioh rotura,
Hence it is warmly urged by His
Tho State,.however, oonnot afford
to stop hero in this good work With
thia comparatively insignificant pro
vinion. Its success, tho grateful
Appr?ciation of tho beneficiaries and
their good work for tho Stated should
lead to its enlargement.
Liboral provision for tho education
of her sons has long been the settled
policy of South Carolina, but she
bais, up to this timo, wof olly neglected
ill this particular hor daughters.
Our noblo Women, tho hopo and
pride of our commonwealth, art
equal in number to tho mon, and
havo moro to do with dotorminlng
tho charnotor of our ci ti zen nh ?j
through thoir greater influenoo upor
tho young. They surely dcsorv<
equal consideration at tho hands o:
the State, whose welfare is so dopond
ent upon them. There should bi
some provision io givo thorough
practical training in tho industria
(irts in order that woman's opportu
ratios for solf-snpport may bo multi
plied, and that sho may bo prepare;
for tho successful performance of ni
those duties Whioh commonly devolv?
upon her. Tho benoficont influcno
of suoh industrial training would b
soon and felt in the home, in th
school, in thc place of business am
in all the walks of lifo. Othor Statot
notably Mississippi and Georgia, hav
recognized their duty in this rospec
md havo fully mot it.
The Deaf and Dumb Institute an
Olaflin College are also warmly com
nended to tho continued caro of tb
Legislature ns worthy of all sucooi
At the first institution tho aumin
.eport BIIOWS an enrollment darin;
ho year of 118 pupils, with oh avoi
?go attendance of 90.
Tho ontiro cost por pupil to th
State for board, instruction in lite
.ary, musical, art and industrie
lopartmonts, books, lights, fue
au nd ry work, modioal attention, on
? some cases of clothing nnd trnne
?Dilation, for thc fiscal year has boo
M46.54. In recommending tho usui
appropriations and $8,620 for oleotri
ights, tho Governor says tho pai
nicccss and economical manageraer
s a sufficient guarantco of furtlu
Of Clatlin it is said : Tho collog
lovotcd to tho training and cduoi
ion of both soxes of tho colore
iTouth of tho State, is in a flourishin
sondition. Tho attendance durir
bc past year w i tho largest in tl
listory of tho institution, and tl
)rospeots for tho norning year ni
itill brighter. Particular attentif,
s givon to training in industrial ar
nechanical departments. Sovor
mildred students are annually i
itructed in carpentry, blncksmithin
nnsonry, houso-painting, sowing ar
ithcr practical callings. Thc ma:
igement is excellent and che fun?
ire expended with ecoiiony and ca
ind the best results obtained.
Tho Department of . igricultu
ind its excellent work is next n
iced. We are told that tho phc
)hato beds under tho suporvision
ho Department paid $237,150.01,
(25,048.65 more than has been rei
zod in any one year bofore.
Attention is called to tho report
Commissioner advising tho inoren
>f tho mining bonds now givon 1
hose operating under general righ
!t ?B said that tho bond of $6,000,
low required, has proved entire
nadequato. Tho quantity of coi
norcial fertilizers used on thc pi
ont orop is roportod at 87,000 tc
n excess of any previous year. T
.lommisBionor's report, tho Gov*
tor says, calls attontion to tho infc
?ysler industry of tho State, and t
?nuet ment of such legislation as v
?onduco to its development is urg<
Tho Govornor maintains that
he proper stops arc taken, this
lustry can unquestionably bo mn
o yield tho State a handsome rc
mo. Tho Commissioner, tho G<
>rnor says, advises tho inaugur?t
if a survoy, not only of tho ph
)hato beds in her navigable wat<
nit a gcologioal survey of tho onl
Hate, in Order to ascertain as ac
atoly as possiblo tho value of i
diosphato deposits as well as i
Providing for tho Columbia ox
lition at Chicago in 1898, is c<
nonded to tho attention of tho .
Tho penitentiary is thou brou
nulerlfoviow. Tho Hoard of Dil
/Ors and tho Superintendent's n p
n the judgment of tho Govon
present a very h?:.uthy condition
iffairs. According to this rei
thero aro now in confinement 701
prisoners, of whom 60 aro white;
Tho cash receipts of thc institu
tion for tho year, inoluding tho bal
ance of $1,104*.52 from tho provious
yoar, havo amounted to .$84,643:82,
and the expenditures for all, purposes
have aggregated $77,888.10, leaving
a bataneo On hand of ^6,065^72, be
sides about $20,000 worth of cotton)
and other farm produots, estimated
at $10,000, and an indebtedness of
$10,234.48 by M. A. Markloy & Co.,
who wore c?ntraotors of convect la
bor in tho manufacture of hosiory.
This indebted ness is now in tho pro
cess of settlement.
The prison hospital, authorized to
bo ereoted by tho last General, As
sembly, is now in tho process of con
struction, and will bo finished early
in tho coming yoar. It will bo a
handsome and commodious building,
and will fill a long felt want. It is
being built ontiroly by conviot labor,
under tho superintondenco of Mr.
F. A. Burrows, of this oity, who is
omployod as foreman of tho work.
Tho Board of Dirootors stato that
thoy could not agree upon tho pur
chase of tho farm provided for by an
Aot of tho Qonoral Assombly, passed
at ita last ??"?ion. But I am able to
report that, at a meeting of tho
Board hold on tho 12th of November
instant, they finally dcoidod to purl
chase tho DoSaussuro place, in Sum
tor County, containing about 3,000
aoros of land, tho prico agreed on be
Tho Governor, as showing tho
highly successful management of tho
Statcs's penal establishment for tho
past twelve years, says that there
has been a total earning of $442,
720.92 in the twelvo years, which,
after deducting all appropriations
during tho period, and amounting to
$154,681.04, leavos $287,180.45 clear
balance, besides the support of tho
prison for twelvo years.
His Kxcollonoy thou deals with
tho State Asylum. Of thoso -now
in tho*"A sylum 445 are whito and
883 colored. In tho Superintend
ent's report there is a table of Homo
intorost, as it shows tho relative in
crease of tho whito and colored in
sano during tho last twelvo years.
It appears that in Novombor, 1870,
thero wore only 101 negro patients,
and in November, 1889, 318, - an in
crease of over 200 per cont, while
tho v i.ito population, it is stated,
within tho samo period, advanced
from 230 to 409, slightly
moro than 75 per cent. With refer
ence to making further provision for
tho colored insane, it is said :
Tho status of the question is
briefly shown in thc Superintendent's
report. Tho Board of Regents woro
appointed by the last Goncral As
sembly a coramitteo to visit at least
two counties of tho State to solcct a
looation suitable for a soparato Asy
lum. Tho roport of tho Board on
this subjeot forms a part pf its an
nual roport to tho General Assembly.
It is a matter of importance, and its
consideration should not bo post
poned to another session.
As to tho economical expenditures
of tho institution it is shown in the
roport of tho Regents that tho ox
pondituros were so far short of thc
receipts that oven aftor rcsorving a
considerable sum for necessary per
manent improvements, there remains
a balance to credit of $4,000. Thorc
is a talkie to show that thorc lins
boon a gradual rcduotion of por
capita coat from $202.83 in 1876 to
$181.05 in 1880-a difforonco of
$71.78. At tho former rato last
year's expenses would have boon
over $68,000 groator. Tho amount
last year is tho lowest in thc history
of tho Asylum. It is surprising to
find that for tho small sum of thirty
sevon conts a day a patient oan have
his wholo support-food, lodging,
clothing, light, fuel, washing, medi
cino and medical attontion.
Of tho militia tho Governor thus
A reorganization of tho militia is
recommended, in order to tho bettor
apportionment of troops in thc va
rious counties, somo of which havo
many companies, while others havo
Tho cont inna-, icc of the .eui ai au
nual appropriation for tho various
companies is urged aj essential to
thom for payment of armory vont
and unavoidable ourront oxpcnscR.
Tho bulk of companios havo boon
supplied with tho regulation United
States uniforms, as'nut as tholimited
Congressional appropriations has al
lowed, and thoy have thus been re
lieved of ft ho? v y btu*, ?on which was
fast crushing out n* ny organizations
in looa!mos whore they woro most
KEOW EE COU Ri ??f?
Old Pickens in 1840/
-MOVKD TO- /
Walhalla in 1868.
Destroyed by Fire June
Re-Established August il
1 oarnestly oommend th eso vnhir?- . JUE
eor organizations, to willoh tho
3lato is lar joly indobtcd for hov
loacc and security, to your fostering
?orc, with the nope that you may do
rise wiso inoosures for their liberal
mpport and continued existence
Of tho Stato Agricultural and
?tcohauicai Sooioty it is said:
That tho people throughout tho
state hav? an interest in tho work of
his sooioty, "tv h ich is annuo'V gi*\y?
ng, is* demonstrated by tho 'i. ?rbajpeil
lumbors who attend tho State Fairs
lach year. Tho twenty-second an-^1
mal fair hold during November was
ittendod by no less than twenty
housand Msitors to tho capital of . * v
No appropriation that is made by
our honornblo bodies can bo moro
.cooficial to the important industries I
?f tho State than that made for the ]
.ondit of tho Agricultural abd Mc- j
hauical Sooioty of South Carolina.
Tho Govornor states, touohing tho
?tate House, that including tho un
xp?nded balauco of $14,200.83,
boro has been expended $841,591.90.
["o this tho Govornor adds :
It is vory essontinl, not only on ac
ount of tho unsightly appoarance of
ho building in its present condition,
mt for its preservation and true
eonomy, that tho work should bo
ontinucd each year without inter
upti?n, ns any stoppago at ' this}'',
tage will undoubtedly bo proctuctivo
if.Jnjury and serious ultimato loss
o.tbo Stato. From defectivo pro
eo*^;i^md insufficient drainage tho
un?fftvo fo1ftfhik44?mof the front por
ico, nlready in thog^rW??^is being
ndangorcd by surface water*"! ??*.'
tautly percolating tc its lowest bx- ,
hereby softening tho underlying
lay soil, which must surely causo
mob unequal Bottling in thc supor
tructuro horoaftor to bo o rec lcd,
nd might, perhaps, finally nocessi
alo tho renowal of tho whole of
Iiis costly work. Continuo tho work,
owever, each year by a sufficient
pproprintion, and all danger will bo
Attention is culled to tho lotter of
he Secretary of tho Interior, touch
lg tho Act of ond^mont of Au
ust last by which Congross applied
portion of tho proceeds of the salo
f tho public lands to tho more com
i?te support of) collogos for tho
ondit of agrio/aturo and tho mo
hanio arts. Tho Governor informs
lio Legislature that in roply to tho
iquirics lodged by tho Seoretary, he
ad mailed him on October. 9 copies* vv
f tho Acts passed by tho General
iflscmbly relating to the Agrioultu
il and Mechanical Collcgo; inolud
ng tho Act establishing tho Clemson
agricultural College, and informed
im that the mattor of the "jimt and
rpuitablo division of tho fund to be
jeeivod under this Act" botwoen
io Clemson aud Claflin Agricultural
'ollcgcs would bo referred to tho
louerai Assembly of this, Stato at
s approaching session in Novombor.
Tho Governor commends tho work
E thc Stnte Hoard of Health to tho
ivoroble consideration of the As
mibly with tho following romnrks :
Tho stations lu o boon kopt in
liorough repair. Tho station in
?ballest?n has been placed in an ad
orable condition by tho looal Board
toro, new appliances puroliased
nd erected, which will add greatly
?) tho efficiency of tho stations.
In addition to tho careful watching
f tho general health of tho State,
io Board has issued a largo number
f traots on endemic and epidemic
isoascs. Thcflo havo boon difltribu
ed widely throughout tho Stato,
nd used in somo of tho sohoola os
?xts for lectures on hygiene. They
ovo been prepared carofully by
minent physicians of tho Board,
nd contain ? great dca! of informa
lon on those diseases, which it ia
'oil for ovcry community to know,
iuiilar work bas boon dono in othor
tates, with great bonofit to tho citi?
The disori?cs of measles, diphtho
yb whooping cough, &o.', have boen
isousscd and treatment prcBoribcd
i a plain way, which cannot fail to
sault in groat good to tho masees of
Ne people >i given sufficient, d??til
on. ' ' _
Wo aro informed by ono wiio Vras
rcsont, that ono day last week Mv\
tcuben Clinkscalos, ot Martin Town.
?lip, Anderson county, S.O., ba/^?m
n old-fashioned corn oJju^?r?n
hieb .about /()() ? avy at tim
mo shucked out. /^Jjo fTa*$y$l\
otton on end and,
ian who docs not