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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, May 05, 1898, Image 1

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BY JAYNES, 8HELOR, SMITH & STECK.
TO THINE OWN SELF BE TKUE AND IT MUST FOLLOW AS THE NIQIIT THE DAY, THOU OANS'T NOT THEN BB FALSE TO ANY MAN.
WALHALLA, SOUTH (JvvKOLINA, BIAY 5, 1808.
KBW SB?t?ES, WO. C.,-VOIiUMto xi AV-NO. 18. .;
The Supreme
Extracts from an ,
?j
Mi
Mi\ Chairman and Gontlotnon of
tho Marquottc Cluh : This is tho
most cosmopolitan oit y on tho face
;.' ot tho globo. Every oiti/on of Chi?
ongo admits tho fact. Within its
limits all ages of history aro ropoated,
all nations and races aro repre
sented. * * *
In thia cosmopolitan chnraotcr and
in tho heterogeneous olomonts of its
population, Chicago hut typifies tho
nation, of Which it in tho groat con
trai oity. * * * It is tito genius and
mission of our country to tnko these
hotorogoncous elements, theso frag
ments of variod and ofttimes antago
nistic races, and wold and fuse thom
into ono homogeneous people, whoso
groat nohiovonponts shall bo equal
rights and univorsal liberty.
Is thiB aohiovemont within the
roach of man ? Yes, thank God, it
is; tn ado so hy tito grand conception
of a writton Constitution and a por
manont and independent judiciary.
Tho fathers may not have foreseen
tho marvelous mingling of all races
within our hordors which tiro century
has accomplished, and yet if they
lind f?rescenJit they could not have
devised a wisor system of govern?
mont than that which placed in or
ganic laws limitations upon tho pow
ers which a majority may exorcise,
and created a tribunal separate from
tho law-making body to determine
at tho instanoo of nny citizen whothcr
those limitations have boon passed.
Power . to make a law, and at tho
samo timo to declare that that law
does not transcend any constitu
tional- limitations is equivalent to
power to ignore thoso limitations
whenever a temporary exigency may
demand.
It is true that in Great Britain
liberty abides without any written
constitution. There is no organic
instrument which tho people have
lifted up above their representatives,
beyond wh- io terms arid limitation.1
thoso representatives may not go
Tlio will of thc people, be it ever sc
changing, is, ns expressed from daj
to day in tho legislative enactment?
of Parliament, the supreme and in
contestable law. If, ns ono of tlx
English judges said to a friend
"Parliament should enact that Lon
.Salisbury might without compensa
tien take possession of Hawardci
Castle, and oust therefrom its prosenl
proprietor, William E. Gladstone
tho courts will be bound to enforci
that as the law of the land."
Hut Parliament never does snob ;
foolish and unrighteous thing ; an?
wby? Because of thc checks anti
counter checks in Iii;" legislativo sys
tom growing out of the essentially
different character of her two legis
lativos bodies, booauso of tho cotiser
vative nature of the singlo homogc
neons race-thc Anglo-Saxon-whicl
illls tho land and controls thc govern
mont, and booauso of the limited suf
frngo which restricts tho power t<
tho moro" conservativo of even tba
rr.ee. liv reason of these three faotf
?,
despite tho monarchical form of gov
Cromer.t'i despite tho absonoo of air
constitutional restraints, liborty find
a stable abiding- lace in tho Englisl
Isles.
In this country tho legislativ
bodies of tho nation, though diff?i
ehtly selected, represent the voten
Wo have universal suffrage and
population ns heterogeneous as th
different races of tho world will pei
mit. An unrestricted and absolut
legislative freedom would ccrtainl
sweep on to despotism of tho mol
whoso despotism is always followo
by tho mun on horseback.
Lot no ono misunderstand me c
imputo an intent to assert that or
ii stitutions aro perfect. Tho ordc
which reigns in Warsaw is not tl
'great end of political oxistonoi
T.ruo, I do not stop to discuss win*
einstiges, social and political, ougl
ul bo made. I concedo that man
mj'o necessary, niado so by rapidl
v??irying conditions of life, and vei
lively to become more imperativo i
tine days to come. Those ohnng<
niJfW bc,radical and far-reaching, an
I i'm glad tn note that the best nu
nullst earnest thought is being give
to Jtlto consideration of what ougl
to sybil done. All I insist upon is titi
iJiH-iy shall bo wrought out by tho d
bjl'j/erato notion of tho whole poop
1 n^'i tho appointed way, and not foistt
ion us by any crowd that may ha
ii to gather at tho stroot corner.
Wo see loo often tho speolnolc
nc local and limited gathering
lividuals, some assertion or organ
,ion, meeting, and, like thc th ri
lord of Tooloy Street, rosolvin
Court the Na
\ddress by Hr. Justice
arquette Club of Chicag
"Wo, tho people," forgetful of tho
facts that seventy millions of peoplo
hnv\? freighted their ail of earth in
th'*, our goodly ship of state, and
.that they havo thc supremo right to
sa.v that no moro handful shall lower
a singio sail or tak'i tho rudder from
tho hands of tho soit ot pilots. Whnt
ovor is to ho accomplished in tho
way of chango shall not bo by tho
South American bab t of revolution,
but by tho North Aneriean process
of evolution.
If against some kcal movement,
sonio effort of a fow, tho Supremo
Court calmly lifts it staying hand
and says, "Tims roads tho Constitu
tion," lot no man basto to destroy
that court or wonken ita powor in
order that thc restraints of tito Con
stitution may be safely ignored, but
lot tho peoplo prooeod in tho ap
pointed way to chango or remove
any restraints in that instrument
which they boliovo stand in tho way
of B hotter social and polit.cd Jife.
No ono oan bc blind to the fact
that thcro m to-day in tho land a
movement to displace thc court. It
is part and pared of tho schemes
to array tho many against tho fow,
tho masses against tho elapses,
and this is dono under tho pretence
of realizing a moro completo gov
ernment by tho peoplo. Tho load
ers aro too adroit to proposo their
total abolition. Tho ovy is to shear
them of jurisdiction and leavo
them like painted ships on a painted
ocean. Thc shibboleth of tili? move
ment is "government by injunction,"
and in support of tho claim that
there is danger of liberty from thc
action of courts, groat names aro
invoked, even thc name of him
whom wo honor to-night. They
quoto bis declaration that if the
policy of tho government upon vital
questions affecting tho whole peoplo
is to 1)0 irrevocably fixed by a decis
ion of thc Supremo Court, the peo
ple will cease to be their own mas
tors, ignoring that in tho same great
message ho declared that thc decis
ions of that court in any case must
bo binding upon all the parties there
?to; that it was a duty from which
judges could not shrink to decide all
cases properly brought before them,
and that it was no fault of theirs if
j such decisions were turned aside to
political purposes. ,
I am as much opposed to govern
ment by judges as any man. They
aro moro qualified to exercise the
functions of government than thc
clergy, and a theocratic government
I lias long sineo proved n failure. But
j the writ of injunction is not an not
lof legislation. It orontes no neu
law. lt only onforcos rights whiol
tho Constitution and tho law have
heretofore declared sacred. It in af
old as the struggle of the English'
speaking peoplo for liberty, and il
has been used to protect and not tc
govern.
Thc only distinguishing feature o
il in thc practice of to-day is om
necessarily growing out of the grca
combinations of mon and capital
It is sometimes applied for agains
many hu>t ad of against a single in
dividual. Do numbera ohangi
rights ? If one man trespasses or
my property, and I may havo injune
'lion to restrain him, is my right t<
protection any tho lesa clear because
a thousand join in tho trespass
Thc common sense of every ou
thunders an answer in tho negative
and affirms that thcro is nothinj
moro despicable in any idea of jun
tico than an effort to measure it b;
numbers of votes or woalth. Th
great strike of which thin, city wa
tho historio centro attests tho wisden
of judicial interference. As one c
the loaders in it declared, "lt wa
not the soldiers that ended th
strike ; it was not tho old brothel
hood that ended tho strike : it wu
simply tho United States Court
that ended the strike."
And to thc great honor of th
mon who wore engaged in it bo sau
that while they yielded not to an
show of force, they did yield to tb
decisions of tho lawfully constitute
tribunals of tho nation. Tho ponet
ful ending of that slriko is a sn prom
attestation of the power of tho Amt
rican people to go.oro thomsolvo
That honest and true-minded ma
v, eve on both sides of that cont re
veray PO sensible man doubts, un
that it wa? Bottled judicially, and n<
by bay ctn and bullets, is the gloi
of all. And hero lot ino Hay, i
passing, that tho Itero of that slruj
gio for tho domination of law wt
Circuit Judge William A. Wood
fe.
tion's Anchor,
Brewer before the
WIIOBC nomo will bo rovorod and
honored through tho coming ages
long aftor the memories df hie critics
and assailants shall have become
like tho body of Lazarus four dayn
in tho grave.
It is not part of tho functions of a
judge lo govern, and, notwithstand
ing tho talk about government by
injunction, thoro has novor been any
attempt by courts to exercise tho
functions of government. Thal it
was the understanding and purposo
of the frame;? of tho Federal Con
stitution that the judioiary should
oxercise tho powor of determining
whether any given statute conlliots
with tho fundamental law, was
affirmed early in the history of tho
court, in a vigorous opinion of the
great chief justice, and has been
affirmed and ro-aflirmed again and
again since, and has been and is the
general understanding. That such
is thc true interpretation of tho Con
stitution is evident from tho fact
that there has hover been any seri
ous effort for a change. That the
judidiary might never usurp the
functions of government and attempt
to legislate, it was given no power
over tho purse or sword of thc na
tion. It can neither itself legislate
nor compel Congress to legislate. It
eau tako no money out of tho public
treasury, neither can it direct tho
movement of the army of the nation.
It has to depend on Congres* for the
means of its existence, and appeal to
the executive for thc enforcing of its
judgments.
And now, how during thc century
of tho national life has tho .Supreme
Court discharged thc solemn duties
imposed upon it ? That il has made
mistakes is undoubled. No sensible
man off or on tho bench ascribes to
it infallibility. I certainly should bo
the last to believe it infallible. I
know it is often wrong-it frequent
ly overrules mc. And yet, notwith
standing its mistakes, that in the
past at least (for of tho present it is
not fitting that I should speak) it has
proved worthy of its high trust, the
common judgment of thoughtful
men the world over affirms. Better,
far better, lo suffer the in juries which
come from its occasional mistakes
than thc man glotis wrong which
would How from the attempt lo set
tle all questions of right or wrong,
of power or the lack of power, by
the mere matter of numbers or the
accumulation of majorities.
Il has been well said that in an
early day .lohn Marshall took tho
Constitution, penned by thc marvel
ous genius of Madison and Hamilton,
and stamped upon il in large and
luminous Ieltors tho singlo word
M Nation." That word is to-day thc
great interpreter of our Magna
Charla. True, to make it indelible
cost a war ; hut tho martyr-blood of
him whose birth we this evening
commemorate transcribed it from
written instruments' to loving hearts
and into the life of this republic,
and now, so long as tho United
States endures,
O'er all this land ono Hag shall lloat,
Ono song ascend from every throat;
Thal Hag this banner of tho froo,
That song tho song of liberty.
No ono can fail to discern that tho
great strain through which this, na
tion is now lo pass in its political
and judicial life springs not from tho
conflicting relations of the national
government to thc States. Those
have been settled by the war. . Tiio
strain will conic from tho fact of our
rapidly increasing population, and
thc struggle to throw off all consti
tutional guaranties of protection to
iiborty and property as more re
straints on thc so-called liberty of
thc many. In tho presence of this
strain I invoke the thoughtful atten
tion of every man to tho oath which
each Justico of thc Supreme Court
must take :
?? J}-1 do solemnly swear
that I will administer justico without
rospcot to persons, and do equal light
lo tho poor and lo the rich, and that
I will faithfully and impartially dis
charge and perform all tho duties in
cumbent on mo as Justice of tho Su
preme Court, according to tho best
of my abilities and understanding,
agreeable to tho Constitution and
laws of the United Stales. So help
mo Cod."
Cod forbid that any man elevated
lo a position on that bench should
over pr< -'o recreant to thc solemn
obligatio ,.i of that oath, taken on
earth, but recorded in heaven.
It is a curious anomaly of the pro
Hont day that from some in tliin laud
wo hefty tho feverish ory of " Down
with tho courts, and lot tho will of
tho temporary sud shifting majori
ties settle all questions of power and
right," whilo at the samo timo from
others comes an earnest call for tho
adjustment of disputos between na
tions through tho peaceful processes
of arbitration. Courts for disputes
between nations, but no courts for
disputes botweon tho government
and individuals-botweon tho ma
jority and minority. These disso
nant voices only ncccntunto thc fact
that within our heterogeneous body
politic there are depths as woll ns
heights.
It is a mistake to supposo that the
Supremo Court is cither honored or
helped by being spoken of as beyond
criticism. On.tho contiary, tho lifo
and character of its justices should
bo tho objects of constant watchful
ness by all, and its judgments subject
to tho freest criticism. Thc time is
past in tho history of tho world when
any living man or body of mon can
bo sot on a pedestal and decorated
with a halo. True, many criticisms
may be, like their authors, devoid of
1 good taste ; but better all sorts of
criticism than no criticism nt all.
The moving waters aro full of life
and health ; only in thc still waters
is Btagntttion and death.
1 remember seeing in an East
ern paper, immediately after thc
decision in thc well-known in
come-tax caso, a most extravagant
eulogy upon the Supreme Court
as tho groat defender of thc rights
of tho few States against the many,
and of the accumulation of property
against unconstitutional assaults.
And when thereafter, by thal court,
tho not of Congress denouncing all
contracts, combinations and conspira
cies in "restraint of trade was held
applicable to a combination between
railroads lo prevent competition in
rates, that same paper contained an
article expressing tho most extraor
dinary surp 'se that men supposed
to bc of ordinary intelligence could
bo guilty of such a stupid blunder.
Tho ono article could be condensed
in a single clause, "A Daniel came
to judgment; yea, a Daniel!" and
thc other in tho equally short and
expressive phrase, "An ass within a
lion's Hkin." Now, it is tho inaliena
ble right of every American citizen,
according to tho peculiar construc
tion of his organs of hearing, to re
cognize in tho judgments of thal
I court oithor the voices of n Daniel Ol
the braying of an ass.
lt is often said that tho courts ac
as though they had no confidence it
tho pooplo. Hut surely that is ?
grievous misunderstanding of tin
truth. On the contrary, they hnv<
the most abounding confidence
Thoy believe that when tho pcopl
framed tho organic law they mean
that it should be tho measure of al
rights and tho limitations of al
powers ; and when they intrusted t
thc courts tho duty of deterniinin
whether any single act eon ll iota wit
that organic law, they meant tba
tliosc courts should discharge thu
duty in tito fear of God and accord
ing to their unbiased and d?lib?rai
judgment. They have abundan
confidence that thc people will hone
them for their loyalty to this duty i
tho face of nil opposition and denni
elation, and he, in tho long run, wi
alone receive honor at their hand
who in every timo of question au
excitement stands finn by his con vu
lions.
? judge is not indifferent to popi
lar approval, but it is that approvi
which comos at tho last an
not at tho first thought. Neve
was there a grander judicial llttoi
ance than that which fell from th
lips of Lord Mansfield as an e>
cited populace surged up against th
gates of Westminster demanding
judgment according to their notionc
"I wish popularity, but it is thi
popularity which follows, and n<
which is run after, lt is that popi
larity which sooner or later nev?
fails to do justice to tho pursuit <
noble ends by noble means." An
to-day, despite all tumultuous an
passionate eries, it is ns certain !
Holy Writ that that judge will 1
forgotten who simply bends tho eng*
ear to catch tho rumblings of tl
popular voice, whilo tho immort
laurel waits for him who has thc ti
failing courage of his conviction, ai
who fearlessly asks only tho sing
question, "What saith tho Cona tit
lion ?"
Do not bo discouraged, hot u
tho noise and confusion which pr
vail in tho lowlands of our politic
lifo alarm you. Wo ??ro a g?rrulo
people. In tho valleys is the emile
gabblo of tho demagogue, tho c
ami in m ti lt of temporary pnssio
lt is not portentous of evil, but, <
tho contrary, prophetio of &oh
li , y !?# (
Let ovory individuel thrust into tho
soothing mfi88 of public, opinion his
own viows of what ought and what
ought, not to ho done. Let tho
clamor go on. It is a hlessed thing
-blessed in ovory direction. It re
lievos tho blatant, whoso stomach is
always full of wind ; and tho groat
public discussion will suroly separate
tho wheat from tho chaff, sift the
wisdom from tho folly, .and finally
work out that winch is best for all.
I have abiding faith in tho judg
ment of tho American people.
Above tho valleys of political clamor
and noisy strife I seo rising in un
changing stability tho rock-ribbed
mountain peaks of calm deliboratc
judgment. And HO suro as tho
mountains endure, so suro will tho
sober s?coiul thought prevail. Tho
cor fusion of tongues will somo day
end. The speech at Gettysburg will
remain an undying prophecy : "Gov
ernment of tho people, by tho pcoplo
^nd for the people shall no vcr perish
from tho earth."
That grim and cynic Scot, Thomas
Carlyle, looking afc tho tumultu
ous movements which so often sweep
through this land of govern
ment hy tho people and of the
people, sneeringly remarked that
democracy was shooting Niagara
Ile saw in those movements onl\
a Hood which was sweeping law
and order and tho foundations ol
sooiety onward lo thc hrink of a de
stroying precipice. But Niagara
presents two visions : You stand on
the hank and you see an angry flood
sweeping onward, and bearing ovory
Hiing on its bosom to tho fearful and
fatal jump. It* is emblomatio and
symholio of destruction. You turn
your oyo iu tho other direction and
you soo-that mighty Hood subdued
hy tho hand of man to thc dominion
of law, and its awful energies trans
mitted into electric forc?, which is(
horno to tho neighboring cities, giv
ing them ceaseless light and regulat
ed power.
Bo it is with tho tempestuous de
mocratic Hood. Unrestrained, un
checked, it will sweep onward, hear
ing all things to certain destruction ;
but subjected to restraining law, its
tremendous and irresistible foroo will
ho transmitted into beneficent light
and powor to illumin? the upward
ways of humanity, and strengthen
every effort for thc bringing in of
that milleninl day when ponco and
prosperity shall enfold tho oarth with
?lory-_
Everybody Says 80.
Cascarot? (Jandy Cathartic, tho most
wonderful medical discovory of tho ago,
pleasant and refreshing to the taste, act
gently and positively on kidneys, liver
and bowels, cleansing tho entire system,
dispols colds, euros hoadaoho, fever, ha
bitual constipation and biliousness,
?'leaso buy and try a box of C. C. C. to
day; 10, 25, 50 couts. Sold and guaran
teed to euro by all druggist?.
HERE IS WHERE THE MONEY HAS GONE.
Higher Educational Expenses for
Seventeen Years.
1881.
South Carolina College, insurance,
South Carolina College, insurance,
1882.
South Carolina College ....
South Carolina College, librarian's salary,
South Carolina College, insurance and repairs,
Citadel Academy, repairing, .
Total for the year,
188:?.
South Carolina College, .
South Carolina College, librarian's salary, .
South Carolina College, insurance and repairs,
Citadel Academy, .....
Citadel Academy, insurance, ....
Citadel Academy, to purchase arms, .
Total for tho year,
1884.
South Carolina College, ....
South ('molina College, librarian's salary, .
South Carolina College, insurance and repairs,
Agricultural department, ....
Citadel Academy, .....
I Citadel Academy, insurance,
Total for the year, ....
1886.
South Carolina College, .....
South Carolina College, librarian's salary, .
South Carolina College, insurance and repairs,
Agricultural department, ....
Citadel Academy, . ... . . .
Citadel Academy, insurance,
? 5,000 00
?00 00
'2,000 00
10,000 00
$10,000 00
500 00
2,000 00
20,000 00
400 00
3,000 00
* 15,000 00
600 00
2,000 00
29,074 60
20,000 00
100 00
$ 799 42
1,000 00
$ 7,500 00
10,000 00
Total for tho year,
1880.
South Carolina College, .....
South Carolina College, librarian's salary, .
South Carolina College, extra salaries, .
South Carolina College, insurance and repairs,
South Carolina College, mechanical dcpartm'l,
Citadel Academy, .....
Citadel Academy, insurance, .
Total for thc year,
1887.
Total for thc year,
1889.
Tot ol for
year,
$17,600 00
$12,600 00
23,400 00
?86,000 00
$17,600 00
29,074 50
20,400 00
$00,074 r>o
$16,000 00
600 00
2,000 00- $17,500 00
25,901 44- 2f>,991 44
18,838 20
400 00- 18,733 20
$62,224 64
South Carolina College, .....
South Carolina College, extra salaries,
South Carolina College, insurance and repairs,
South Carolina College, mechanical dopartm't,
Interest Agricultural Station,
Citadel Academy, .....
Citadel Academy, insurance, ....
Total for tho year, ....
1888.
South Carolina College, ....
South Carolina College, librarian's salary,
South Carolina College, insurance and repairs,
Agricultural Department, ....
C?a H'm,.
Citadel Academy, . . . . . .
j Citadel Academy, insurance,
Winthrop Normal and Industrial College,
South Carolina College, .....
South Carolina College, librarian's salary, .
South Carolina College, mechanical dopartm't,
South Carolina College, insurance and repairs,
Clallin,.
Citadel Academy,.
Citadel Academy, rent United States Gov't, .
Winthrop Normal and Industrial College, .
Department of Agriculture, interest, otc.
$15,000 00
500 00
1,433 04
2,000 00
1,200 00
10,958 2G
400 00
* 17,000 00
2,497 02
2,000 00
1,000 00
11,508 00
20,000 00
$28,750 00
500 00
1,760 00
21,907 45
5,000 00
16,666 GO
400 00
2,380 00
$84,500 00
500 00
2,000 00
2,500 00
5,000 00
20,400 00
57,250 00
5,100 00
47,077 00
$20,138 64
17,359 26 !
$37,492 90
$22,497 02
11,508 00
20,400 00
$54,405 02
$31,000 00
21,907 45
5,000 00
17,000 00
2,880 00
$77,414 05
$39,500 00
5,000 00
77,050 00
5,100 00
47,077 00
$174,927 00
1890.
South Carolina College,. $84,500 00
South Carolina College, librarian's salary, . 500 00
South Carolina College, mechanical departm't, 4,000 00
South Carolina College, insurance and repairs, 2,500 00
South Carolina College, books for library, . 1,000 00
Clafliri, . . 5,000 00
Cjtadel Academy,. 20,000 00
Citadel Academy, Insurable , 400 00
Citadel Academy, rents United States Cov't, 2,500 00
Winthrop Normal and Industrial Colloge, . 6,320 00
Ciemson Agricultural Department, . . 48,885 58
Clemson College,. 18,000 00
Clemson, Int. Agriculture, .... 11,508 00
Tolal for the year,
$42,600 00
5,000 Ot?
22,900 00
5,820 00
78,348 58
$164,008 68
luvest In Southern Milln.
According to tho Unitod Statea
inventor, of Henton, stooks in South
ern cotton mills have been in greater
demand and have commanded higher
prices during tho last few wooks than
for years. This is duo partly to tho
disposition of Northern mill men to
invest in the stooke of mills already
in successful oporation, instead of
building now mills in tho South
themselves.
beware ol' Ointments for Catarrh th nt
Contain Mercury,
as mercury will surely dostroy tho sense
cf smoli and completely dorango tho
wholo system whon entering lt through
tho muouous surfaces. Such artiolo?
should novor bo used oxeopt on proscrip
tions from roputablo physioians, as the
damage thoy will do is ton fold to tho
good you can possibly dorivo from thom.
Hall's Catarrh Curo, manufactured by F.
j. Chonoy & Co., Toledo, Ohio, contains
no morcury, and is taken Internally, act
ing directly upon tho blood and muouo\ts
surfaces of tho systom. In buying Hall's
Catarrh Curo bc suro you got tho genuino.
It is taken internally, and ni ado in Toledo,
Ohio, by F. J. Chonoy &, Co. Tostamo
nials freo.
Sold by Druggists, price 7?o. por bottlo.
Hall's Family Fills aro tho best.
-.--M #
In some homes tho olmreh papor
ia put noxt to tho Bible in tho esti
mation of tho readers of both.
Fron snob, homes come not only
good Christians, but good workers
for tho church.-S. C. Advocate.
ipilWMIIW?UUMam'IMINIWIIl|j
Royal uakca the food pur?,
wholesome und dalIctoliJ.
Pill
POWDER
Absolutely puro
?OYi?, OAKIHQ POWOED CO., NEW YORK.
win.??iiiBiw m mw.-i?n? miwwwial
Many a mun is n failuro simply -
because bo is at tho wrong thing.
A g<~ >d farmer is mado into a minor
ablo failuro of a lawyer. Test your
I business by your z.OBt for it. Don't
drag yourself liko a slavo to the
place of your work-S. C. Advocate.
ttuoklou's Arnica Salvo.
Tho host salvo in tho world for outs,
bruises, sorso, uloors, salt rhoum, fovor
sores, totter, chapped hands, chilblains,
corns and all skin eruptions, and poBi
tivoly cures piles, or no pay required. It
is guaranteed to givo porfoot satisfaction,
or monoy refunded. Pr ico 25 couta por
' box. For salo by 1). P. Darby, Walhalla;
j W. J. Lunney, Sonooa, and IT. P. .Ztm
' morman, Westminister.
1801.
South Carolina Colloge, . ?'
South Carolina College, librarian's salary, .
South Carolina Colloge, mechanical dcpartm't,
South Carolina Colloge, insurance and repairs,
Olaflin,.' .
Citadel Academy,.
Citadel Academy, insurance, ....
Winthrop Normal and Industrial Collcgo, .
Clomson Collcgo, ......
Clemson College, department of agriculture,
Clemson College, interest agricultural station,
(84,600 00
500 00
8,000 00
2,600 00
5,0.00 00
20,000 00
400 00
5,250 00
77,124 85
0,047 02
11,500 00
Total for tho year,
$40,600 00
5,000 00
20,400 00.
5,250 00
04,071 87
?166,821 87
1802.
South Carolina Collcgo,. $80,000 00
South Carolina Colloge, librarian's salary, . 500 00
South Carolina Collcgo, Agricultural ?erip int. 2,877 00
South Carolina College, insurance, . . 2,082 00
South Carolina Colloge, expenses, . . . 2,000 00
South Carolina College, improvements, . 8,000 00
South Carolina College, library, . . . 1,000 00
Olaflin,.' . . 5,000 00
Claflin, interest agricultural scrip . . . 2,877 00
Citadel Academy,. 20,000 00
Citadel Aoadomy, insurance, . 800 00
Winthrop Normal and Industrial College, . 5,210 00
Clomson College, privilege tax, . . . 45,851 74
Clemson College,. 17,005 15
Total for the year, . .
1803.
South Carolina College, appropriation, .
South Carolina Colloge, int. agricultural scrip,
Claflin, . . . . . . .
Olaflin, interest agricultural scrip,
Citadel Academy,.
Winthrop Normal and Industrial College, .
i Clemson Collcgo, income bequest,
! Clemson College, appropriation complete, .
Clemson College, privilege tax,
Clemson College, Morrill fund, .
Total for tho year, ....
1804.
South Carolina Collcgo, appropriation .
South Carolina College, agricultural scrip int.,
Clailin, appropriation, .....
Claflin, agricultural scrip interest,
Citadel Academy, appropriation, .
Winthrop scholarships, . . .
Winthrop Normal and Industrial Colloge,
Winthrop, appropriation for buildings, otc,
Clemson College, bequest, . . . . .
Clemson College, income bequest,
Clomson Collcgo, privilcgo tax
Clomson Collcgo, Morrill fund, .
Clemson College, appropriator to buy Leo land
$30,000 00
2,877 00
5,000 00
2,877 00
20,000 00
5,250 00
7,005 81
50,000 00
68,502 00
74,000 55
$30,000 00
2,877 00
5,000 00
2,877 00
20,000 00
5,250 00
2,ooo oo
5o,ooo oo
0,715 00
0,715 00
43,400 00
21,88o 05
2,ooo oc
$42,859 00
7,877 00
20,800 00
5,210 00
02,350 80
$(138,002 89
$32,877 00
7,877 00
20,000 00
5,250 00
180,404 30
Total for the year,
$252,408 30
$32,877 00
7,877 00
20,000 00
67,25o oo
86,811 88
$2o4,815 88
1895.
South Carolina College,.
Cl nil in j.
Citadol Academy, . . .
Winthrop Normal and Industrial College, .
Clomson Colloge, . . . .
1395-'96.
(1800 and December and November,
South Carolina College, .....
Clailin College, .
Citadel Aoadomy, . . . .
Winthrop Normal and Industrial Collcgo, .
Clemson College,.
1807.
South Carolina College, .
Clailin College, . . . .
Winthrop Normal and Industrial Collcgo, .
Military Aoadomy, ......
Clemson College,.
Grand total for scventoon yoars,
$26,boo oo
18,200 46
18,ooo oo
7o,51o oo
88,399 74
$22o,176 19
1806-14 months.)
$28,ooo oo
24,443 72
21,ooo oo
08,o89 oo
70,172 91
$217,705 G3
$25,ooo oo
26,861 2o
85,62o oo
2o,ooo oo
81,306 86
- $187,747 6G
$2,127,o43 44
Comparativo Statement from tho Report of tho Superintendent
of Education, 1807.
NAM KS OF
INSTITUTIONS.
Clemson.
South Carolina Colloge
Military Aoadomy.
Winthrop College.
Ki i imn ii Uni varsity.
Nowborry Collcgo.
Wo ff ord Colloge.
Krsklno College.
g
.-,1
/i
H
.<? i
O
?
25
12
8
12
n
0
8
0
302
181
128
324
1 <K
120
200
148
1-18
ii
I*
?ss
A_
145
21?.
120
70
155
110
it
*?%
?I o
14
40
I CU
41
45
20
02
"i'
Total
l?ocoipts.
$81,101.87
82,310.07
80,350. KO
?77,501.07
lU,t>OU.OU
0,000.00
1?),000.00
No report.
Total tifl
ponnos.
$80,237.0(1
20,857.50
80,827.42
77,005.75
' "'0,'OO?'OQ
13,000.00.
?Including hoard of studonts and all other items.
Froo common schools of the State: Pupils, 258,183 ; r< ooiptB, $898.5/.. ?
Savo this for futuro roforonco, and show it to your people. Th OHO
1 figuroR were made hy tho Superintendent of Edcootlon.
h), u AUCHEN

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