TO THINK OWN SELF BE TRUE AND IT MUST FOLLOW AS THE NIGHT THE DAY, THOU OANS'T NOT THEN BK FALSE TO ANY MAN.
?Y JAYNES, S1H2LOR, SMITH & STECK.
WAIiHALLA, SOUTH CAROLINA, AUGUST ll, 1808.
NEW S IORI KS, NO. 10.-VOLUME XMX.-NO. 32.
LIEUT. HOBSON LECTURES.
A Largo Crowd Listens white tho Hero
of tho Morrhnne Speaks.
i Tho reception and leoturo in which
. Lieut. Hobson was thc drawing card
was a success, both socially and finan
cially. Thc admission charge was f>0
conta per person, and over ?150 wns
raised, which tho lachen will apply in
supplying comforts and necessities
for tho sick and wounded soldiers at
Lieut. Hobson arrived at tho
Woman's Club, whore lie liad prom
ised to lecture under tho auspices of
tho Atlanta lioliof Society, about
8/20 o'clock. The hall was then woll
lilied and was literally packed a few
minutes later. Tho lieutenant
entered amidst cheers and sat upon
tho stage hy Miss lilla Powell, who
is president of tho society.
Tho evening's entertainment, was
opened with songs by Mr. Williams
Owen, after which Col. Hcmphill,
master of ceremonies, introduced tho
speaker of tho evening as follows :
"Our people havo been looking
with much interest and great concern
on tho achievements of our Bolmers
and sailors at thc front. Since t.
beginning of this war this country
has boon thrilled timo and again by
tho heroic deeds and glorious resulta
of our arms on land and sea. No
thing, however, has electrified our
people to a greater extent than thc
sinking of thc Merrimac in tho mouth
of Santiago harbor. We aro de
lighted that this was done by a
Southern man, tho glorious and wor
thy son of the groat State of Ala
bama, who comes to-night, not with
studied speech, boasting of his mag
nificent deed, but as a patriot to help
this noble band of young Indies who
havo organized for tho grand purpose
of giving help to our wounded and
sick soldiers. 1 have tho great pleas
ure of introducing to }Ou thc hero of
tho Merrimac, Lieut. Hobson." [Ap
TlllC MICRO SPICA KS.
Thc lieutenant arose slowly and
with deliberation addressed his andi
ene, o as follows :
"A sailor is a man of very few
words. What few words that arc
ovor spoken on thc high seas arc
heard by very few and those whom
ho well knows. In fact, the seafar
ing profession abhors words. If you
have ever been on a man-of-war, you
have probably noticed that thc nu
merous evolutions aro carried on by
simple signals or bugle calls. The
most important orders that direct
tho huge engines, or swing thc great
turrets during a fight aro given with
out words. If this committee that
did mo thc honor to ask me to speak
on this occasion had provided sonic
entertainment in which n mast and
riging figured, I would have had no
hesitancy in accepting. I could
easily havo climbed Jacob's ladder
on the ono side and down again on
tho loo side at a 2.40 gait; even if
this entertainment gave mo a role in
which 1 was forced to train a gun on
a target capable of responding, I
think I should have complied moro
"Not only arc seamen of very few
words, but they arc an emphatic
class, and they always speak with
the deepest feeling. I .innot help
but think of old Casey, a quarter
master in the service for forty-five
years, and tho dean of all practice
ships. Ho believed the new school
of fighting was nothing to bo com
pared to thc old, when he and Farra
gut went into Mobilo Hay. One day
tho admiral's horne, hitched outside
his headquarters, ran away. With
out knowing it, thc admiral ordered
Casey to fetch his horso. Rath or
than disobey orders, Casey harnessed
an old dray horse standing cl oso by
and hitched it to the admiral's rig.
1 am as much at sea hore to-night as
Casey was when ordered to got tho
S I'KA KS OK TIIK NAVY,
"I have tho good fortune of hav
ing just arrived from tho front,
where tho American troops have
boen both on land and on sea. Some
stirring scenes have been enacted
there, and let me assure you tho men
aro taking in their welfare. Thoso
exporioui'.cii aro th?-, only culmination
of our first acquaintance with Jackey
or the sailors. I remember at An
napolis we had ntl old practice ship
out three-quarters of a milo from
shore. One day two mon by tho
names of Fitzgorald and Franklin
tried to swim from shore to tho ship.
It was nearly dark, and as tho mon
approached thc ship we heard a faint
ory for help. Realizing that some
thing was wrong, wo lowered tho
dingy, but could not roach thom. In
an instant (logons of oadots hogan
jumping overboard to tho assistanco]
of tho mon, until an olliccr of tho
deck gavo positive orders prohibiting
any moro seamen from j miming over
"Again, I rcmombor an incident
of fl naval cadet, tho nephew of Com
modore Schloy. Wc were acous
tomod to climb over the masts for
exorcise. Ono day Schloy, just in
front of me, lost his footing at tho
top, struck a top sail yard, robounded
and fell ovorboard. His body soon
appeared on tho water, but thero was
apparently no lifo in it. With tho
storm that was raging it was impos
sible to got tho ship around with thc
wind. Ono of tho boats was in
stantly lowered, but thc men wore
quickly overturned, and were strug
gling in the water for thoir lives.
Another life-boat with a full crew
was then launched, and ovory man,
including young Schley, by daring
work, was brought to tho deck in
safety. Those mon did not know
danger, and they woro only averago
sailors. But that is tho sort of stuff
tho Ainorican navy is made of to-day.
HOW THU MKRK1MAC WAS SUNK.
"It was this sort of metal that was
exhibited by the men who sank tho
Merrimac So cager woro tho men
to make that expedition that only a
short while after the call for volun -
teers had boon made a prohibitive
order was issued that no moro men
would bo wanted. Ono hundred
bravo sailors had volunteered on thc
New York alone ; and tho Iowa sig
naled across the water that 150 mon
had volunteered there.
"Just before thc vessel started into
the mouth of tho harbor a conversa
tion was overheard among two of
thc men which betrayed thc belief
on their part that thc vessel was to
bc run three miles up thc harbor,
When the men took their stations
on thc Merrimac, for their final start,
every man lay Hat on his face on thc
dook with a special torpedo to man
age. Directions had been giver
them, and it was expressly agreed
that no man should heed the enemy*!
lire, no matter how hot it got, no!
oven to raise his head. Moreover, ii
was agreed that in case thc projoc
tiles from tho Spanish guns Hov
thiok and fast and any man wai
wounded ho was still to remain a
his post, attending, if possible, to tin
special duty assigned him. Thosi
men lay there, and those men attend
ed to those duties. It was no occa
sional shot that carno from tliost
enemy's guns. It was a per fcc
grind of metal-a rain storm of sho
and shell. Then carno thc tremen
dons explosions, but thc hull did no
sink all at once, lt went down b;
degrees, and those were moment
that those mon will never forge!
When a big 0-inch shell oxplodei
directly in front of tho ' littl
group, lying huddled on th
deck, when ono shell wen
into thc boilers and lot tho stoat
loose by thc side of thc men, th
strict command, 'No man movo ti
orders,' was obeyed to thc letter. 1
there was ever a time when circuir
stances would have forced an ol
sorvanco of tho old principle of sell
preservation, it was then, but not
man budged. When those mon wei
in the water, being hunted by Spai
ish boats looking for any that migl
have escaped, tho order that no ma
should move was obeyed perfectly
On thc arrival at Morro, when th
men wore placed in cells, and Spai
ish soldiers made threatening sigi
at them our sailors merely la tighe
at them. 'Wo would do it again U
night, if it were necessary,' roplie
one of tho American men, in answ<
to a Spanish question.
"A Spanish major asked one <
tho prisoners what thc vessel wi
sent into tho harbor for. 'In tl
United States navy it is not the cu
tom for scam on to ?.now 01 ask tl
object,' was tho reply.
Ol. A IMS MTTI.K Cit Kl) IT.
"When I relate this occurrcm
you do wrong if you appl) any gre
amount of credit for this little pici
of work to an individual, lt w
morely an evidence of thc fact th
thc ofiicors and men of thc A mor ici
navy aro always anxious to perfor
any duty that thoy aro ordered to d
'irrespective of tho consequences
"Never shall ? forget how I sat
that dreary prison and gazed out <
the battle ships around Santiago,
could sec thc American lines and t
Spanish lines. When I heard t
first crack of a musket I know tli
thor? was an advance along o
lines. I saw the Spaniards lying
their deep trenches with their inn
ern lilies ready to pour volley afl
volley into tho American army,
saw tho thin lines of bravo hi
under tho stars and stripes sloy
.? . . ' ',
ascending tboHO hills, and I saw tho
Spaniards turn looso their load and
their fire, and I sn,/ many an Ameri
can boy drop out of tho lino and into
tho dark river of (loath. On July 2
tho Spaniards wore reinforced, nod
tho Amorioans ohargod again, and
the enemy's artillery turned upon
tho American linen. Tho moral effect
of that galling fire seemed to paralyze
our forces for a whilo. Those mon
had never been under fire before, but
it did not take thom long to rogain
with increased ardor their patriotism,
and with ono mighty rush 'hoy drove
tho Spaniards out of their tronches
and gained a mighty victory. You
can imagine my great anxiety at
seeing this. It was terrible that I
could not communicate my valuable
knowledge of the enemy's fortifica
tions to tho commanding oilieer of
"After my release, greatly was I
impressed, when in passing through
tho American lines I saw men whe
had given up home, dear ones and
almost everything lifo holds for theil
country. Tho commanding general
slept in a tent not one whit bettor
than that of tho private. It was s
fimnniin wi rO i.1 (>M 1 fov/.r. fhn ,nno\
nitudo of which could not be mea
sured by any human methods-equn
to the life blood of the last citizen.
"What a grand privilego it is tc
be a soldier of the United States!"
Tho speaker was generously ap
plauded and made a most favorable
impression on his audience.-Atlantr
DEAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED
by local applications, aa they cairne
reach the diseased portion of tho ear
There is only one way to euro deafness
and that is hy constitutional romodics
Deafness is caused by an inllamcd con
ditton of the mucous lining of tho Easts
chain Tubo. When this tube gets inllaiuoi
you havo a rumbling sound or imporfoo
hearing, and when it is entirely closet
deafness is tho result, and unless tin
inflammation can he taken out and flu
tube restored lo its normal condition
hearing will bo destroyed forevor. Nini
cases out of (cn aro caused by catarrh
which is nothing hut an inllamcd COlldi
tion of tho mucous surfaces.
Wo will give ono hundred dollars fo
any caso of deafness (caused by catarrh
that cannot ho cured by Hall's Catani
Curo. .Send for circulars, freo.
F. .7. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, ().
Sold by druggists, 7"> cents.
Hall's Family Pills aro tho best.
Cotton Seed Hulls nud Meal.
The Director ol tho Texas Experi
mont Station is credited with th
following : "I believe there are tw
agencies at work causing tho deatl
of live stock when fed cotton sec*
and its products continuously. Th
first of these is the active poisonou
principle, and tho second cause i
found in the excessive fattening an
concentrated composition of tli
feed used. The composition of co'
ton seed hulls and meal indicate
clearly that these two food stuffs d
not contain all of the clements nc(
essary to keep up the complex an
ma) system. They aro too hoatin
and too fattening in their constiti
outs and their tendency is to indue
a fevered condition of the digestiv
organs and weaken the entire const
talion. This weakened conditio]
combined with active poisonoi
painoipleB, which have been inncth
until now, causes frequent death
A long acquaintance with ootto
seed meal as a cow food, fed when ii
hulls were used, proves to me tbs
the cotton seed meal, if long coi
tinned, will derange tho digestiv
system of milk cows and show
general tendency to abortion in tl
herd. This lias been tho experieni
of some other dairymen of the Sent
who have fed large quantities of co
ton seed meal in connection willi
A Sure Thing for You.
A transaction in which you cann
looso is a suro tiling. Biliousness, si<
headache, furred tongue, fovov, pil
and a thousand other ?Hs aro ca- od I
constipation ami sluggish liver. Case
rots (Jandy Cathartic, tho wonderful lit
liver stimulant and intestinal tonic t\
hy all druggists guaranteed to euro
money refunded. (!. C. C. aro a BU
thing. Try ft box to-day; 10c, 25c., 5(
Hample and booklet floe. All druggis
Corsets in Russin?
llogoljewow, thc nowly .appoint!
Russian minister of public instru
lion, has begun the duties of li
office by issuing a drastic order
the effect ihnt. norseis must- not
worn by young women attend!
high schools, universities and mut
and art schools. They are to
encouraged to wear thc national w
turne. Tho miniatcr says that ho !
made tho discovery that tho eon
as an article of dress is distinctly p
judicial to tho health and physi
development of the wearers.
|? ?Uil?S V.'itfUK All I?? FAILS. C3
R\d l!f.~t Cuugh Syrup. Tunton Qood. UPO J**
Bri Intimo. Sol?! by dromUU.
ARflY WILL PERISH IF
LEFT IN CUBA.
Yellow Fever Threatens to Annihilate Ameri
can Troops Unless immediately Removed
from the Piague=5tricken Spot.
Ninety Per Cent Now ll!*--Frightful Situation-Col. Roosevelt Takes
thc Initiative, Stating that the Men will Die "Like Rotten Sheep"
Once Yellow Pcver Strikes Them-Then nil the Commanders
Sign Statement Revealing the SItuntlon--Shaftcr Has De
manded the Removal of the Entire Army.
SANTIAGO DH CU HA, August 8.-Summoned by Major Gon. Shat
ter, a mooting was hold hore this morning at headquarters, and in tho
presence of every commanding and medical olllecr of tho fifth army
corps, Gen. Shatter read a cable morongo from Secretary Alger, order
ing him, at tho recommendation of Surgeon Gonornl Stornborg, to
movo the army into the interior, to San Luis, where it is healthier.
As a rosult of tho conference, Gen. Shaftor will insist upon tho
immediato withdrawal of tho army north within two weeks.
As an explanation of the situation, tho following lottor from Col.
Thoodoro Hoosovelt, commanding tho First Voluntcor Cavalry, to
Gon. Shaftor, was handed by tho lattor to tho correspondent here of
thc Associated Press for publication.
"Maj. Gon. Shaftor-Sir : In a meeting of tho general and medi
cal oflioer8 called by you at the palaco this morning, wo woro all, OB
you know, unanimous in yiew of what should bo dono with thc army.
To keep us hore, in the opinion of every officer commanding a division
or brigade, will simply involve tho destruction of thousands.
Will Dlo Llko Kotten Sheep.
"There is no possible reason for not shipping practically the entire
command north at once. Yellow fever cases aro few in tho cavalry
division where I command ono of tho two brigades, and not ono truo
case of yellow fever has occurred in this division, oxcopt among thc
mon sent to tho hospital at Sibonoy, whore they have, I boliovo, con
tracted it. But in this division there have been l,f>00 cases of mala
rial fever. Not a man has died from it, but the whole command is so
weakened and shattered as to bo ripe for dying Uko rotten sheep when
a real yellow fever epidemic, instead of a fake epidemic, like tho pres
ent, strikes us, as it is bound to do if wo stay hore at tho height of the
sickness season, August and the beginning of September.
"Quarantine against malarial fever is much liko quarantine against
tho toothache. All of us are certain, as soon as the authorities at
Washington fully appreoiato tho conditions of the army, to bc sent
home. If wc are kept hore it will in all human probability moan an
appalling disaster, for tho surgeons hero estimate that over half the
army, if kept here during the sickly season, will die. This is not only
terrible from tho standpoint of the individu' 1 lives, but it means ruin
from tho standpoint of the military efficiency of tho flowor of tho
American army, for the great bulk of the regulars aro herc with you.
Thc Entire Army Stricken.
"Tho sick, large though it is, exceeding -1,000, affords but a faint
idea of tho debilitation of the army. Not ten per cent aro fit for ac
tivo work. Six weeks on the north Maine coast, for instanco, or else
where, whore the yellow fever germ cannot possibly propagate, would
make ns all as fit as fighting cooks, able ns wo aro eager, to tako a load
ing part in the great campaign against Havana in tho fall, oven if wo
are not allowed to try Porto Rico.
"We can bo moved North, if moved at once, with absoluto safety
to thc country, although, of course, it would havo been infinitely bet
ter if we had boon moved North or to Porto Rico two wcoks ago. If
there were any object in keeping us here, wo could faeo yellow fever
with as much indifference as we faced bullets, but there is no objeot in
it. Tho four immune regiments ordered here are sufficient to garrison
the city and surrounding towns, and there is absolutely nothing for us
to do here, and there has not been since the city surrendered. It is
impossible to move into the interior. Every shifting of camp doubles
the sick rate in our present weakened condition, and anyhow the inte
rior is rather worse than the coast, as I have found by actual reoon
noisanoe. Our present camps aro as healthy as any camps at this omi
of tito island can bo.
Fcar?ul Doom Threatened.
"I write because I cannot see our men, who have fought so bravely
and who have endured extremo hardships and danger so uncomplain
ingly, go to destruction without striving, so far as lies in me, to avert
a doom as fearful as it is unnecessary and undeserved.
"Colonel Commanding First Brigade."
After Col, Roosevelt had taken tho initiative, all tho American
general officers united in a round robin addressed to Gen. Shaftor. It
"We, tho undersigned officors, commanding various brigades,
divisions, etc., of the army of occupation in Cuba, are of tho unani
mous opinion that this army should bc at once taken out of tho island
of ('nba and sent to some point on the northern seacoast of the United
StatcH ; that it can bo done without any dangor to tho people of the
United States; that yellow fever in tho army at prosont is not epi
demic, but there are only a few sporadic cues; but that tho army is
disabled by malarial fever to the extent that its effioionoy is destroyed
and that it is in a condition to bc practically destroyod by an epidemic
of yellow fever which is sure to come in tho near future
"We know from tho reports of competent officers and from per
sonal observation that the army is unable to move into tho interior
and that there aro no facilities for such a move, if attempted, and that
it could not bo attempted until too late. Moreover, tho best medioal
authorities of the island say that with our present cquipmont wo could
not live in the interior during the rainy season without losses from
malarial fever, which is almost as deadly as yellow fever,
Must Move or Perish.
"This army must be moved at once or perish. As tho army can
bo safely moved now, tho persons responsible for preventing such a
move will be responsible for tho unnecessary loss of many thousand
"Our opinions arc tho result of careful pomonal observation, and
they are also based on tho unanimous opinion of our medical officers
with tho army, who understand the situation absolutely.
(Signed) "Fono KKNT,
"Major General Volunteers, Commanding 1st Div., 5th Corps.
"C. C. BATHS,
"Major Gonoral Volunteers, Commanding Provisional Division.
"A ON A lt, CHA K KKK,
"Major General Commanding 8d Brigade, 2d Division.
"SAMUKT. S. SUMMKR,
'"Brigadier General Volunteers, Commanding 1st Brigade Cavalry.
" WI f .M A M L? ?/I.0 W,
"Brigadier General Volunteers, Commanding 1st Brigade, 2d Div.
"Brigadier General Volunteers, Commanding 8d Brigade, 1st Div.
"Brigadier General Volunteers, Commanding the City of Santiago.
"Colonel, Commanding Second Cavalry Brigade."
Major W. M. Wood, Hie chioi surgeon of tho First Division, said :
"Tho army must be moved north,' adding with emphasis, "or it
will bo unable to move itself."
Gov.. Ame.", has sent tho following cable message to Washington :
"Tho Hon. Charles II. Alien, Assistant Sooretary of tho Navy
This army is incapable, because of sickness, of marching anywhore to
tho transports. If it is ever to return to the United States, it must dc
so at once"
To a correspondent of tho Associated Press Gen. Ames said :
"If I had the power I won1// put tho men on the transports al
once and ship thom North without further orders. I am confidont
such action would ultimately be approved. A full list of nick would
I moan a copy of tho rostor of ovory company boro,"
* . r ... . /
Is Thoro Harm in Dancing?
Thorp aro many in this country,
both mon and women, who nmintnin
that dancing is an innoocnt and im
proving reoroation. They insist that
tho ohuroh is wrong in opposing it.
Now this Boribo novor saw a com
pany of persons dnnoing in all his
lifo ; and yet he has boon living hero
whore dancing has boon going on all
theso years. Tho offects of dancing
ho has seen, and ho sees it now more
and moro as timo goos by. Judging
from the effects, dancing ?B ono of
tho most seductivo, dangerous and
dolusive pastimes to which our pco
plo aro given. I do not moan now
that it is dangerous to life and limb,
but to piety and purity.
I havo yet to seo a singlo man or
woman, in the church or out of it,
who regularly nttendod tho dance
and at tho same time maintained a
charactor for piety. Whatovor olso
may or may not bo true, dancing and
religion do not go well togothor.
Tho love of tho dance and tho lovo
of God are novor found in the samo
heart. 1 have known hundreds ot
porsons who havo tried to mix danc
ing and religion, but. they havo al
ways made a miserable fail uro of it,.
They will not mix.
My observation is that as tho years
go by t hero \,\ a growing tondoncy to
increase forms of voluptuousness in
the dance. Y oung peoplo begin with
that which is least objectionable, and
they go on, Btop by stop, following
the fashion, until modesty is shamed
and virtue exposed. If they do what
tho young people all tell me they do
I cannot understand how a . truly
modest young woman can submit to
the liberties taken with her poison in
tho more fashionable forms of thc
dance. Young ladies may submit to
theso things and retain maidenly
purity in their hearts ; but one thiug
I know just as well as I know my
name-these liberties permitted, if
not courted by women, stir an awful
ugly devil in the hearts of men.
However muoh a young man may
onjoy taking these liberties at tho
time, one thing is certain-tho poi
sonni purity of tho woman who per
mits them is lowered in his estima
tion from ten to ono hundred degrees
after tho hour of excitement is past
To deny this is to give tho lie to the
plain facts of human nature, to
tho natural instincts of men. Tho
woman yields to the embrace of her
partnor in tho dance sacrifices witl
him her character for purity just in
proportion ns she yields ardently, or
oringingly, or reluctantly. Now
mark that, will you ? Jot it down
in your memory, lt is putting things
plainly but truthfully. alon will
take-even clever men and gentle
men-'about all tho liberties women
pormit ; novor less, rarely moro. It
is the nature of men to do this, un
less nature has been regenerated by
the Holy Ghost and its natural out
goings are restrained by grace.
Women, particularly very young
women, may not know these things
but it is about timo they were find
ing them out. Their mothers ough
to tell thom plainly, pointedly and
prayerfully. Some girls find out th
truth after it is too late. Utter ruin
has ?caled their fate for this lif
When tho dike of womanly modesty
is broken once down, tho road to
ruin is a short ono. After all has
been said, there aro somo womon BO
given up to fashion and folly that
they will sacrifice upon this altar
their modesty, their purity and their
souls. 1'resent folly and present
exposure may give present pleasure ;
but they will entail years of sorrow,
sin and shame. If tho women say
nay, not a single liborty will bo taken
with thom anvwhorc in nnv wav
IYSWI v-... ..?I j v., .j .. ?J ,
damaging to them or Xo mon. In
this they hold tho balance of power.
It is a shame, so I havo heard, to
speak of tho things done in the more
modern and fashionable forms of the
dance.-Kev. U. G. Porter, in Odd
Mr. A. C. Wolfe, of Dundoo, Mo., who |
travols for Maimur and Tibbotts, Implo
mont (Jo., of st. Louis, gives traveling
mon and travelers in gonoral, somo good
Otlvloo. "Hoing a knight of tho grip,"
ho aays, "I Itavo for tho past tinco yoars,
mndo it a rulo to kool) myself supplied
with Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and
Duo rluea ltemody, and havo found nu
merous occasions to tost its niorits, not
only on myself, bul on othors as well,
can truly say that I novor, in a single in
stance, havo known it to fail. I consider
it one of the host remedies travolors can
carry and could relate many instances
whoro 1 havo usod tho romedy on skep
tics, much to their surprise and relief,
hopo ovory traveling man tn tho United
.States will carry a bottle of this romedy
In his grip." For salo by J. VV. Dell,
Walhalla; FT. B. %i mm or niau, Westmin
ster; W. J. Lunney, Sonoca.
If you v/ill pluck tho blossom,
mako up your mind to do without
FACTS Ai FIGURES
Concerning tho Wonderful Growth of
tho South-Mlk'hty Progress.
Soveral years ugo Mr. Rionutd II.
Edmonds, editor of tho Manufactu
rers' Record, Baltimore, wrote and
published a pamphlet ontitlcd "Facts
About tho South." It contained a
largo amount of vnluablo informa
tion and wa? vory widoly circulated
in all parts of tho country.
Mr. Edmonds has brought his
pamplet up to dato, and made it
still moro usoful as a source of infor
Ho BIIOW.S that tho South ut tho
beginning of tho civil war was thc
richest and mont progressive section
of tho country, though it bad only
one-fourth of tho white people in tho
According to tho census of I860
tho assessed valuo of all tho pro
perty in this country was $12,000,
000,000, and tho South owned 44
por cont of it. In 1800 thc value of
tho crops produced by the. South
was moro than one-half of thc value
of tho total agricultural products of
il. _T.. .1..- -OA
tm UVUUVI jr. -LU lin- .'linn- juill IMS
por cent of tho entiro banking capi
tal of thc United States was in tho
South, and tho assessod valuo of
property'in Georgia was greater than
tho combined wealth of Maine, New
Hampshire, Vermont and Rhode
Island. South Carolina was $08,000,
000 richer than Rhode Island and
Now Jersey, and Mississippi out
ranked Connecticut by $100,000,000.
Tho civil war, it is estimated,
destroyed property in tho South to
thc vainc of $2,100,000,000, and thc
reconstruction period caused a fur
ther loss of $300,000,000. Add to
this enormous destruction tho cost
of the war, the hundred of thousands
of vigorous men killed or perma
nently injured, the South's share of
the national indebtedness, and tho
total, says Mr. Edmonds, would sum
up to an aggrcgato loss of $5,000,
000,000, a sum eight times greater
than thc combined capital of all thc
national banks in the United States,
and nearly as largo as tho aggrcgato
capital invested in manufactures in
tho whole country. To show how
tho wealth of thc section changed
hands as tho result of tho civil war,
it is only necessary to cite thc figures
for tho decade from 1800 to 1870.
In 1800 tho assessed value of pro
perty in Massachusetts was $777,
150,000, compared with $5,200,000,
000 in the entire South. In 1870
Massachusetts had $1,500,000,000
and tho South only $3,000,000,000.
Such was tho poverty of the South
that tho one Stato of Massachusetts
listed for taxes more than ono-half
as much property as all thc States of
that section could show.
Despite the crushing loss of prop
erty and the disadvantage under
which it labored for many years
aftor tho close of thc war, tho South
has been steadily, even if slowly,
moving to thc front again. In 1880
it had $7,000,000,000 of real and per
sonal property, and from 1880 to
1890 there was an increase in the
valuo of its property of $3,800,000,
000, against $3,900,000,000 in thc
New England and Middle States
combined. The value of tho farm
products of tho South in 1890 was
$773,000,000, and it had $3,182,000,
000 invested in agricultural inter
ests, thc gross rovenuo on tho capital
being 24.1 por cent. All other sec
tions combined had $12,797,000,000
invested in farm operations and tho
product was valuod at $1,087,000,000,
or 13.1 por cent, a little more than
one-half as much in pcrcentago of
production as tho South's. Tho av
orage value per acre of all farm pro-1
ducts in tho South was $7.18; thc'
average valuo for all tho Stato ox
cept tho South was $0.87. The grain
produotion of tho South in 1895 was
valued at $201,972,823. Mr. Ed
monds estimates the present annual
valuo of tho South's agricultural pro
ducts at $930,000,000. Notwith
standing the decrease in the price of
cotton, he says, tho value of these
products is $150,000,000 a year
greater than in 1890, tho census your.
Tho industrial progress of tho
South has also boon remarkable. In
1880 tho South had $267,211,501 in
vested in manufacturing enterprises.
In 1890 tho manufactories of tho
South represented an investment of
#659,008,817.' Tho value of the
South's manufactured products roso
from $157,454,777 in 1880 to $9i7,
589,046 in 1890. Such an industrial
advance in ton years is without a
parallel. In those ten years tho in
dustrial progress of tho South was
proportionately far greater than any
Other part of tho country.
Tho South has practically cap
tured tho manufacturo of ooarso
Royal m ?kc* the food puro,
wholesome ?nd del U-to II ii
novAu fiAKirto i O?. i-i ? co,, Ntw VOAI?.
cotton goods, .and is now entering
tho Hold of competition with Now
England and undertaking tho manu
facture of tho finer qualities. In
coal and pig iron it Booms destined
to load tho world, and, as Mr. Ed
monds points out, tho magnitude of
thc South's wealth in coal is beyond
computation. Groat Britain's entire
coal area covers only 12,000 square
miles, while West Virginia alono of
a number of coal-producing Stator
bas 1(5,000 square miles of coal Holds.
Mr. Edmonds considers that a con
servativo estimate of tho total value
of tho mining and manufacturing *'
products of tho South for 1897 would
bo over $1,200,000,000, making, with
agricultural products, an aggregate
of over *2,100,000,000 of industrial
and agricultural products for last/ '
. Sinco 1880 moro than '28,000 milos
of now railroad have been built in
tho South. In natural resources tho
South is by far thc richest section of
tho country. It lias moro iron ore
and coal than any other section, and
j ig iron and steel can bc made bore
cheaper than anywhere olso in tho
world. Tho climate and soil of thc
South lit it for a greater variety of
production than any other r?gion on
earth, and tho ora of its great devel
opment is just oponing. Mr. Ed
monds has done tho South good ser
vice in preparing this admirablo
pamphlet. It will interest any
thoughtful reader, and wo have no
doubt that it will bc thc means of
attracting much capital to this sec
Everybody Says So.
Casoarcts Candy Cathartic, tho most
wonderful medical discovery of tho ago,
pleasant and refreshing to the tasto, act
gontly and positively on kidnoys, livor
and bowels, cleansing the entire system,
dispels colds, cures hoadacho, fever, ha
bitual constipation and biliousness.
Please buy and try a box ~f C. C. C. to
day; 10, 25, 60 cents. Sr Id and guaran
teed to euro hy all drug/" .ls.
A Tragedy lu Creen vi Ile.
QKICICNVII.LK, S. C., August 4.
Another killing'occurred in Green
villo this afternoon. A negro baso
ball club from Piedmont was playing
a negro club of this city at tho ball
park. After thegaino William Man
ning and Will Saxon got into a dis
pute, Manning favoring Piedmont
and Saxon tho homo team. They
became gradually moro excited, and
when by tho park on Highland
avenue their language was so bittor
that Manning drew his knife. As
soon as Saxon saw the knife he
picked up a brick bat and struck
Manning in tho left temple, mashing
his skull and scattering his brains in
the road, tho blow killing bim . in
stantly. As soon as Saxon struck
tho blow he OBcapcd, but was cap
tured to-night. Maiming- was 20
years old and Saxon 10. Thc killing
occurred about 7 o'clock.
Dr. .1. 1. Torry, of Trimble, Tenn., in
speaking of Chamberlain's (Jolie, Cholera
and Diarrhoea Remedy, says: "lt has al
most becomo a necessity in this vicinity."
"l ilis is Ibo boni remedy io lilt) world f??
colic, cholora morbus, dysentery and
diarrhoea, and la recognized as a noces
I sity wherever its great worth and morit
become known. No oilier remedy is :;:>
prompt or olfectiial, or so pleasant to
take. Sold hy J. W. Heil, Walhalla; li.
tl. Zimmerman ?fe Co., Westminster; W.
,J. Lunney, Sonooa.
. What a beautiful tiling is tho flower
of courtesy that sometimes' blossoms
in tho very heat of human carnage!
When Admiral Corvara sont a Hag
of truce to announce tho safety of
the heroic Hobson and his men, all
tho world applauded his action ; and
when, on tho fateful third of July,
tho gallant Lieut. Wainwright re
ceived this same unfortunate admiral
on thc Gloucester, congratulated him
on the superb courage that ho had
shown, and courteously offered him
thc uso of his private cabin, all tho
world again felt the thrill of a noble
action. Magnanimity is^greatncHH.
Wo should be sorry to think that tho
day might over como in which thcro
should bo no such deeds to mitigate
tho horrors of war.--Christian Advo
xml | txt