Newspaper Page Text
BRING lt TO
TO THINK OWN SELF BE TRUE AND IT MUST FOLLOW AS THE NIGHT THE DAY, THOU CANS'T NOT THEN BE FALSE TO ANY MAN.
AT THIS OFFICE
BLANKS, &0. I
BY ?J A YNES, SHELOR, SMITH & STECK.
WALHALLA, SOUTH CAROLINA, FEBRUARY 1?, 1800?
NEW SERIES, NO. 40.-VOLUME L.-NO. 7.
HERO OF "THE CRATER."
Captain doo. ll. Lake, of EdRC?lcld,
Vividly Describes the Explosion
and tho Carnage that Followed.
[NOWB nod Couilor.]
Tho ovening before tho mino was
sprung, or possibly two evenings bo
forc, Col. David Fleming, in com
mand of tho Twenty-second South
Carolina Regiment-I don't know
whether oy u?tuul&tiu o? Gon. Ste
phen Elliott or not-ordered me to
move my company, "Company li,"
Twonty-8ocond South Carolina, into
tho roar lino, immediately in roar of
Pegram'fi four guns. I had in my
company ono officer, Lieut. W. J.
Lake, of Newberry, S. C., and 31
enlisted mon. This rear lino was so
constructed that I could ^jro over
Pcgram's mou on tho attacking,
Tho enemy in our front had two
lines of works. Ho had moro men
in his lino nearest our works than wo
had in his front. From this nearest
lino ho tunnelled to and under Pe
gram's salient, and deposited in a
mno-n/.ino prepared for it not ICBS
than four tons of powder ; nome of
their ofticors say it was six tons.
Wo knew tho enemy were mining
and wo sunk a shaft on each sido of
.tho four gun battery, ten feet or
moro docp, and then extended tho
tunnel somo distanco to our front.
Wo were on a high hill, however,
and the enemy 510 feet in our front,
where they began their work, conse
quently their mino was far under tho
shaft wc sunk. At night when
ovorything was stili wo could hoar
the enemy's miners at work. While
war means kill, tho idea of being
blown into eternity without any
warning was anything hut pleasant.
THAT TKKRUtLE SATURDAY MORNING.
On that terrible Saturday morning,
July 30, 1804, before day had yet
dawned, after tho onomy had massed
a largo number of troops in front of
our guns, tho fuse which was to
ignite tho minc was fired. Tho
enemy waited fully an hour, hut
Ibero was but ono explanation, tho
fuso had gono out. A bravo Federal
officer, whoso name I do not know,
volunteered to enter tho tunnel and
and fire it again, which he did.
A minuto later thero was a report
which was hoard for miles, and tho
earth trembled for miles around. A
orator 130 feet long, 07 feet in
breadth and 30 foot deep, was blown
out. Of the bravo artillery company
22 officers ano mon were killed and
wounded, most of them killed. Hun
dreds of tons of earth was thrown back
on tho rear line in which my command
A WHOLE COMPANY BUItNKD.
lloro was the greatest loss suffered
by any command on either side nf
the war; myself, my only Lieutenant,
W. J. Lake, and thirty four enlisted
mon wero all buried, and of that lit
tle band thirty-one wore killed.
Lieutenant Lnko and myself and
throe enlisted men wero taken out of
tho ground two hours after the ex
ploslon by somo brave New Yorkers.
Theso men worked like beavers a
portion of tho time under perpetual
RURIK!) THIRTY VKVV DRKP.
ColonolDavc Fleming and his Ad
jutant Dick Qunttlebftum, were also
in tho rear lino only a few feet to my
left, and wore buried thirty feet deep;
their bodies aro still there. 1 do not
know how many of tho Federal
troops stormed tho works, but I do
know thc Confederates captured from
them nineteen flags. The attacking
columns wore composed of white men
and negroes, sober men ami men
who wero drunk, brave men and
Ono of tho latter was an officer
high in command. I have lost his
name, if I over knew it. Ho asked
mo how many lines of work.' wc had
between the crater and Petersburg,
v ion I replied "Three." Ile asked
mo if they were all manned. I said
"Yes." Ho then said: "Don't you
know that I know you aro telling a
d--d Ho?" I said to him: "Don't
you know that I am not going to
givo you information that will bo of
any service to you?" Ho then
threatened to have me shot, and 1
ooliovo but for tho interference of a
Federal oflicor ho would have done
WRATH TO ADVANOK AND DKATH TO
I bad just seen several of our offi
cers and men killed with bayonets
af tor they had surrendered, when th?
enemy, who had gone through the cra
ter towards Petersburg, hud boon re
pulsed and fell back in tho crater for
proteotlon. There Wan nut luuni in
tho crater for another man. It was
death to go forward or death to ro
troat to thoir own lines. It is said
there woro threo thousand Yankees
in and around tho orator, besides
tboso in portions of our works adja
Then tho Coshorn mortars of tho
bravo Major Haskoll and other com
manders of batteries turned loose
their sholls on tho crater. Tho firing
was rapid and accurate. Some of
th eso mortars woro brought up as
near as fifty yards to tho orator.
Such a scene baa never before nor
novcr will bo witnessed again. Tho
Yankees at tho samo timo woro using
ono hundred and forty pieces of can
non against our works occupied by
Elliott's brigade in tho day's fight
lost *27<S officers and men. Major
General B, li. Johnson's divi
sion, Elliott's brigade included, lost
in tho day, 932 officers and mon.
This was tho most thc Confederate
PEDKltAL TOTAL LOSS OVKK 5,000.
While tho onomy acknowledged a
loss of from five to six thousand men
-and that I am suro is far below
their real loss-I mako nnotbor quo
tation from Major General B. R.
Johnson's official report:
"lt is believed that for each buried
companion they have taken a tenfold
vengeance on tho enemy, and have
taught them a lesson that will be re
membered as long as tho history of
our wrongs and this groat revolution
Virginians, Georgians, North Caro
linians, South Carolinians and others
who may have fought at tho crater,
none of you have the right to claim
deeds of moro conspicuous daring
over your Confederate brethren en
gaged that day. livery man acted
well his part.
What about the four cannons
blown up? you ask. One piece fell
about half way between tho opposing
annies, another fell in front of our
lines, not so near, however, to thc
enemy, a third was thrown from thc
carriage and was standing on end,
half buried in the ground inside thc
orator, thc fourth was still attached
to thc carriage, but turned bottom
side up, tho wheels in tho air, and
turned against our own men wher
thc enemy captured it. That day
however, they all fell into the hand.':
of the Confederates except the ont
.thrown so near tho enemy's works
and in time we regained that also.
CAPTAIN r.AKK A PRISONER.
Before tho fighting was over tin
Yankee officer who could curso ?
prisoner so gallantly ordered tw<
soldiers to take charge and carry mi
to their lines, no doubt believing tba
the Confederates would succeed ii
recapturing tho orator. We had t<
cross a plain 510 feet wide that wa
being raked by riflo balls, cannot
shot and shell, grape and canister
It was not a very inviting place ti
go, but still not a great deal wors
than Haskell's mortar shells tba
were raining in the crater. I had tin
pleasure of seeing one of my guard
die. The other conducted rue safel;
to General Patrick's headquarter
Patrick was the Y ankee provost mai
When I was placed under guare
near bis quarters, bo sont a stal
oilleer to the front to learn thc resul
of the battle.
After a short absence he galloper
up to General Patrick and yolle
"We have whipped them !"
Patrick said :
"I want no foolishness, sir !"
The staff officer then said :
"General, if you want the trutl
they havo whipped us liku hell !"
ORO. B. LARK.
How's This ?
Wo offer Ono Hundred Dollars Howat
for any ease of catarrh that cannot 1
cured by Hall's Catarrh Curo.
F. J. Chonoy it Co., Props., Toledo, I
Wo, tho undersigned, havo known
J, Chonoy for tho last 15 years, and fa
Move him perfectly honorable in ?ill hui
ness transactions and financially aldo
curry out any obligations ruado by tin
West ?fc Traux, Wbolesalo Druggist
Wabling, Rinnan Si Marvin Whol
nido Druggists, Toledo, O,
Hall's Catarrh Curo is taken int<
nally, acting directly upon tho blood ai
mucous surfaces of tho syslom. Prk
75o. per bottle. Sold by all druggis
Hall's Family Pills aro tho best.
Governor's Mansion Barned?
KRANK FORT, KY., February 10.
The Governor's Mansion wa? total
destroyed by fire at noon to-day. J
carly lire was extinguished, but
broko out again at ll.!10. Tho iii
men were soon disabled by tho i
tense cold, to which troublo v*
added by iro'/.on pij?es and culling i
the water supply. Most of Govern
Bradley's valuablo personal propoi
EAGAN'S SEVERE SENTENCE.
Ho Is Given Six Years Holiday on Full
Par? but Without Allowances.
WASHINGTON, February 7.-The
President to day caused to bo pro
mulgated tho sentence in tho oaso of
Gon. Chas. P. Fagan. Tho Court
martial sontoncc was dismissal from
tho army, and the President has
commuted this lo six yoars suspen
sion from duly, which covers tho re
mainder of tho limo prior to Gen.
Hagan's retirement, in January, 11)06.
Tho following is tho text of tho
order of thc President :
"Tho accused, after a trial by a
Court-martial, composed of ofticorsof
high rank and distinguished service,
has been found guilty of conduct un
worthy an ofliccr holding a commis
sion of the United States and obnox
ious in tho highest degree to tho dis
cipline and good order of tho mili
tary establishment. Such behavior
is especially deserving of condemna
tion in an oflicer holding high rank
in tho army and charged with tho
performance of difficult and impor
tant administrative duty in a time of
great public emergency, and from
whom, when subjected to adverse
criticism, an unusual degreo of re
straint and unfailing self-control are
"Tho proceedings, findings and
sentence in tho case of Brig. Glen.
Charles P. Fagan, Commissary
General of Subsistence. United
States Army, aro therefore approved.
In view, however, ot his gallant con
duct in battle, upc:: :r.cva than ono
occasion, which merited, and has re
j ceived, the warm commendation of
his superiors, and of bis long and
honorable record of service, extend
ing over a period surpassing in dura
tion that usually allotted to a gono
ration, having regard also to tho miti
gating circumstances which wero de
veloped during the trial of tho case,
and in deferenco to thc recommenda
j tion of clemency submitted in his be
half, tho sentonco imposed by tho
Court is commuted to suspension
from rank and duty for B?X years.
It was stated by tho Adjutant.
General that Gen. Fagan's suspen
sion carries him within a few days of
his retirement under thc ago limit.
Ile will bo reinstated in time to re
tire with the regular rank and pay
provided in such oaseB.
i Thc sentence of suspension, accord
ing to the legal oflicers of tho de
partment, docB not deprive Gen.
Fagan of any part of his pay, but as
thc sentence rends "without rank and
duty" he looses his allowances, which
include commutation of quarters, ra
tion and fuel and his horse allowance.
This is quite a large financial item.
Trepare for Spring.
Don't lot this season overtake you boforo
you havo attended to tho important duty
of purifying your blood with Hood's
Sarsaparilla, hy taking this medi
cino nov/ you may savo sicknoss that will
moan time and mouoy an well as suffer
ing lator on. Hood's Sarsaparilla
will givo you rich, rod blood, good
appotito, good digestion and a sound,
healthy body, lt is tho greatest and best
spung modioino bocauso it is tho
j Ono Truo Blood Purifier. Its un
equalled rocord of marvelous cures has
won for it tho confidence of tho wholo
Tho Samoan islands, over which
thc United States, Great Britain and
Germany aro quarreling just now,
aro located in the Pacific ocoan and
about 1,000 miles from thc oast coast
of Australia. Tho group consists of
three principal islands, of which
Apia is tho most - important. Tho
islands aro not recognized m belong
ing to any ono ot tito great powers;
but for sevoral years past the United
States and Germany havo boen dis
puting over their possession.
To sweeten tho breath, brighten tho
oyo, clear tho complexion and insure tho
natural bloom of health, uso Dr. M. A.
.Simmons' Livor Medicino.
A curious case, of complicated rela
tionship exists in Oakland, Cal., as a
result of a father and .".on marrying
two sisters. Alimo Tolontino do
Fignoroda, aged f>0, married May
Carmyn, an 18-ycar-old, and Wilfred
de Figueroda, aged 18, married Kath
erine Carmyn, ?B years old. Thus
the boy is his father's brother-in-law ;
tho two sisters will be sisters-in-law ;
tho father's wife will bo a stepmother
to her brother-in-law ; tho son's wife
will bo the old gentleman's daughter
in-law as well as sister-in-law. If
ohildren bo born to tho wife of tho
son, tho grandfather will bo their
uncle, and should thoro bc children
in tho fathor's home tho son will bo
undo and stop-brother. The old
man's wifo will bo aunt and atop
grandmother to hor sister's liltlo onos.
Tho HIaok Diamond Suro.
Everything in connection with tho
Black Diamond Railroad is moving
along all right. The Europcau
tinanoior is doing all that can bo
dono, and nothing has dovoloped to
dampou for an instant tho hopes and
expectations of tho promoters of thc
road ; while, on tho other haud,
overy turn is of tho most promising
nature It on!" remains for ouch
community to stand fir m. Icc k aftor
its looal interests, and do its fuii
duty as it startod out to do, and
ibero is overy assurance. chat ovory
dotail of Col. Boono's contract will
bo oarriod out to tho letter. Novcr,
for an instant, lot tho idea got into
your iicad that the road will not bo
built, for ;t will be just as suro as
you aro reading this. Lol every 0:10
interested do his pledged duty ns
tho promoters and cflicora aro doing
thoirs, and tho timo will bo short
until tho work begins-ovon shorter
than many of tho most ardent Blip
porters of the enterprise imagine.
Tho most important thing for each
local community to do is to look to
the fulfillment of its pledges in order
that it may receive the promised
benefits. We know whereof wo
speak when wo tell you these things.
-Dover (Ky.) Nows, February 10.
Tho lifo preserver which has oarriod
many ladies safely over tho clangorous
sea "Chango of Life" is Simmons' Squaw
Vino Wino or Tablota.
(jen. M. C. Butler.
There seems to bo a disposition 011
tho part of the President to rotain
Major Gen. M. C. Butler in tho vol
unteer ?service ns long as possible.
Geil. Hitler having concluded bis
I duties as a member of tho Cuban
commission, and also ns a member of
the Eagan court-martial, some of II?B
friends feared ho would bo mustered
out of thc service, but orders from
tho War Department show that Con.
Butler has been assigned to duty in
Washington city until further orders.
Tho President and Secretary Alger
aro highly gratified at thc suitablo
and intelligent service rendered by
the gallant South Carolinian, and it |
is their intention to continuo him in
th 1 service as long as they can find
an available designation for him.
Gen. Butler is not averse to remain
ing in the army, and his wide expe
rience qualifies him for any detail on
which ho may be ordered.
Mother's trusted friend, Simmons'
Squaw Vino Wine or Tablets, comparo
tho systom for confinement, shorton
labor and make child-birth easy.
Tito Greenville Nows has boon inter
viewing a prosperous young farmor of its
county and roports, among other things:
'Ono thing moro you ought to tell farm
ers," ho said as ho was leaving: "I Uko
whiskey, but I'm land hungry. I want
moro land. I figured out years ago that]
with very moderate drinking I'd drink an
aero cf good land ovory year. So I quit.
At tho end of tho year I toll myself I'm
just an acre ahead at $25 an acre by not |
drinking. I find when I put lt to my
neighbors that way it makes 'om think.
You toll farmers to think about land
ovory tinto thoy start to buy whiskey and
oalctllate how much real cstnto they aro
drinking or giving away." Some mon,
who aro not farmors, could accumulate
a goodly plantation overy year by tho
indicatod plan, as thoro ?B good land in
tho Stato to bo had for only two or tinco
dollars an aero; but tho Nows goes on
to say: "As tho farmor loft ho was
chuckling ovor tho story of Hob Means's
Allianco corn patch. Mr. Moans says when
tho Allianco was first organized ho
marked oft' a ten-aoro field of 1 wn and de
termined that ho would work itotdy whilo
Iiis neighbors woro attonding Allianco
mcotingn and looking aftor politics. His
scheme foll (brough because he found
ho was working II?B corn to death."
Don't wreck a lifo. From girlhood to
womanhood tho monthly courses should
bo regulated w ith Simmons' Squaw Vino
Wino or Tablota.
ir ii.u. n lin- ? emmi y</it MO in h
speak to Jones when he passed us
just now?" "Ho insulted mo tho
other day." "What did ho say to
you ?" "Ile called me an old ass."
"Called you an old ass? How ridic
ulous I Why, you arc not old 1 You
are just in your prime. You will
not bo an old ass for 10 or 15 years
A sluggish livor causon diowsiness,
lothargy and a fooling of apathy. Dr.
M. A. Simmons' Liver Medicine arouses
tho livor and cheerful energy succeeds
Tho "broom corn" crop of ono Kansas
county last year, it is reported, was
valued at $115,8(12, and that of tho yoar
before at $112,215. Tho crop is almost
unknown in South Carolina, hut a Now
York i .nor, who was thoroughly famil
iar wi ? li it in his own State, informed na
a few days ago that tho finest spceimons
of tho plant ho had over scon wt regrown
within twonty-flvo miles of Charleston.
?2 JP ! SO'S CUR t F O R
noHt Co?gta Syrup. 'Puste? Oood. URO |
In limo. Sold liv a..i? ? i? 1
CONSUMPTION! . ^
Scientists say that tho orango was
formerly a berry, and that it has
boon developing for ovor 7,000 yoars.
MOWED DOWN LIKE GRASS.
Another Hattie at Manilla-A Suburb
ls (Mi i ch ly Ked need.
MANILLA, Fohruary IO.-r Tho
Ainerioan forcos at 8.40 this after
noon m ado a combined attack upon
Culoocau and reduced it in short
At a signal from tho tower of tho
De La Lome church, tho United
States double-turrotod monitor MoT
nadnook opened Uro from tho bay
with tho big guns of her foro turret j
on tho earthworks with groat effect.
Soon afterwards tho Utah bat tory
bombarded tho placo from tho land
side. Tho rob?la resorved their fire
until tho bombardment conned, when
they fired volleys of musketry as tho
Montana regimont advanced on tho
Tho Kansiia rogimcnt, on the ex
treme left, with tho Third artillery
deploying to tho right, charged
across tho open and cariicd tho
earthworks, ohcoring under a heavy
firo. Supported by tho artillory at
tho church, tho troops further ad
vanced, driving tho enemy, fighting
every foot, right into tho town lino
and penetrated to tho Presidencia,
ano 'owercd the Filipino flag at 5.30
Thc enemy's sharpshooters, in tho
jungle on tho right, fired at long
range on tho Pennsylvania regiment,
but tho rebels wero soon nilonccd by
shrapnel shells and thc Pennsylva
nians remained in the trenches.
As tho Americans advanced thoy
burned tho nativo huts.
Tho rebels wero mowed down liko
grass, but tho American loss was
AN Ul'KISINO ANTIOIVATKI).
In anticipation of a nativo upris
ing in this city, unusual precautions
were taken boro last night by the
American military authorities. For
tunately tho steps taken proved un
necessary. The Filipinos aro evi
dently convinced that an uprising
would prove suicidal to them.
CONCENTRATING AT MALABON.
Tlie rebels have apparently sele<
cd Malabon as their baso of opera
tions in tho next encounter with tho
Americans, as they aro concentrat
ing iii considerable forco thore.
Many small bodies of scattorod
troops aro straggling in from tho
right and others aro undoubtedly ar
riving from the north interior prov
Aguinaldo is reported to havo es
tablished headquarters at Malabon
for tho purpose of rallying his force?
for a decisive blow. In order to
cover their movements tho rebele
again opened fire upon tho Kansas
outposts last night from tho jungle.
Thc (iring was continued for twenty
minutos, but without effect. Th<
Americans reserved their firo until
detachment of tho enomy omcrgod
from thc bamboos, when a well-di
rected volloy made tho rebels scutt
back to their cover like rabbits.
Tho Fourteenth infantry bas un
earthed several tons of Spanish
shells which had evidently been
stolen from the Cavito arsenal and
cached by the rebels in tho vicinity
of Paranque. Fifteen cart loads of
it havo boon brought into tho city,
ns has also a modern naval gun and
a part of its mount. There is no
doubt that tho gun was oither atol?n
by the insurgents or removed from
one of the sunkon warships.
What docs it do? It makes tho hair
soft and glonay, prooisoly ns nature
intended. It clonnson tho scalp from
dandruff nnd thus romovos ono of tho
groat cal?aos of baldness. It mnkoa a
bettor circulation in tho scalp and stops
tho hftir from coming out. And it ro
storos color to gray or white hair.
$1.00 a bottlo Sold by nil druggist?.
ti Provonta and ti
If yon do not obtain all tho benefit* yon
oxrmidod iron? tho uso of tho Vigor, writ?
tho Hector nhont lt.
AddroM, On. J. O. ATKIt,
An exchange very truthfully flays:
"If a doctor makes a mistako be
buries it ; if a merchant makes a
mistako he crawls out of it, but if an
editor makes a mistake ho puts it on
paper for tho world to look at, and
in every community thorn are cranks
who think thoy aro models of wisdom
beoauso they occasionally discover
TEAXHEH LOV?S JUS FUPIL.
Hov? Wost Fond of Jlixlo Jordan and
Contracts to Marry Her hater?
CHATTANOOGA, TKNN., February
18.-Rov. William West, of Evans
ville, Tenn., wbilo toaohing sobool
at Soddy, Tenn., booame greatly
onamorod of his 14-yoar-old pupil,
Hixio Jordan. Tho Jordan family
recently moved to Traoy City, wboro
thoy woro shortly followod by tho
rovorend teachor lovor, who told tho
father of bis former pupil that bo
would send'littlo Hixio to sobool for
two years at Mossy Creek if, at tho
end of that period, he would bo al
lowed to marry hor.
Ilixie, like thc lamented Mr.
Barkis, being willing, tho promise
was givon and tho prospeotivo brido
and groom passed through this city
on routo for tho school, whoro tho
girl will bo duly entered ns a pupil
and classed as "mortgaged."
Personally, Mr. West is about 25
years old, with an intellectual and
quito handsome face, wbilo tho little
brido-to-bo is considered very protty
and is unusually bright.
A. J. aili, Jr., Scotia, S. C., writes: I
havo used Dr. M. A. Simmons' Livor
Medicino in my family IC years. It has
ourod indigestion, dyspepsia, constipa
tion, and many other ailment
Moving a 100 by 05 foot flvo-Rtory brick
building was successfully nooomplishod
recently in Now York city. Tho build
ing bad an estimated weight of 3,000 tons
and was moved 75 foot south and 35 foot
cast, 350 jaok-sorows being employed to
furnish tho power. Timber ways and
shoos lubricated with soap woro used,
and tho movomont of each turn of tho
jack-scrows was throc-sixtcontlm of an
inch. Tho greatest distanco which tho
building was moved in ovo day's work
was il foot 8 inches, and tho wholo movo
mont of 75 foot to tho south was accom
plished in seventeen days. From tho
beginning of tho work only ilvo wooka
olnpsod until tho building was jaokod up
ready to rocoivo tho now foundations,
and a forco of about twenty mon accom
plished tho en! ire work. Tho contract
prico for tho work was $10,000.
Dr. M. A. Simmons' Livor Modicino,
by oxpolling from tho body tho oxcess of
hilo and acids, improves tho assimilative
processes, purifies tho blood, tonos up
Wiso Words of H. W. Grady.
Whon every fnrmor- in tho South
shall oat broad from his own fields
and meat from his own pastures, and,
disturbed by no creditor and enslaved
by no dobt, shall sit amidst his teem
ing gardens and orchards and vine
yards and dairy and barn-yard, pitch
ing his crops in his own wisdom and
growing them in independence, mak
ing cotton his clean surplus, and sell
ing it in his own time and in his chosen
market, and not at a master's bid
ding-getting his pay in cash, and
not in a receipted mortgage that dis
charges his freedom-then shall bo
tho breaking of tho fullness of our
day. Groat is King Cotton ; but to
lio at his feet while tho usurer and
grain-raisor bind us in subjection is
lo invite tho contempt of man and
tho reproach of God. But to stand
up boforu liiiu amid tue crops and
smokohouaoH, wrost from him tho
magna charla of our independence,
and to establish in his name an ample
and diversified agriculture that shall
honor him wbilo it enriches us-this
is to carry us as far in tho way of
happiness and independence as tho
farmor, working in tho fullest ' wis
dom and in tho Holiest hold, can
carry any peoplo.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
Tho fear of hoing buried alivo haunts
many pooplo, and whilo authenticated
casos of snob burial aro fow, it does hap
pon, and thoro aro sometimos occasionally
narrow escapes. A bill has boon intro
duced In tho Now York Logislaturo re
quiring that in comotories whoro thoro
aro moro than ono hundred burials a
yoar, mortuaries bo established, whoro
bodioB may bo kept until thoro aro unmis
takable Bigns of decay. Germany has a
similar law, and action of tho same nature
is being urged in England. Tho Spring
field Hopublioan says: "Tho ohancoa of
promaturc burial aro, of courso, exceed
ingly Blight, but a supposod caso was
reported a fow days nineo from Wiscon
sin. A woman, who supposedly died a
wook or moro ago at Marion, Ohio, lias
not boon buried yet, booauso of tho fail
uro of tho body to show tho full ovidoncos
of death. A young man at Sturgeon Hay,
Wis., who was thought to bo dead, was
hoing washed by tho undortakor whon bo
suddonly carno to lifo. Thoso aro a fow
cases from tho daily nows reports.''
bearing-down sonsations, intornnl boat
and fomalo woaknoBSOs aro cured by tho
uso of Simmons' Squaw Vino Wino or
A Now York girl has boen placed
in an insane asylum, tho victim of
excessive cigarotto smoking.
It Resulted lu & Completo Vindication
Of the War Department.
Tho war investigating comraittoo
lins completed its labors, and its re
port is in tho bands of tho President.
Tho report of the commission is a
voluminous document of 160 printed
pages. The report makes an im
portant foaturo of tho beof ?BSUO,
and dismisses as a genoral proposi
tion tho charges that havo boon
mado against tho beof furniahod tho
army. It finds, it is understood,
that most of tho beof was snob as
could In properly furnished ns an
emergency ration, pointing out that
tho evidence showed it novor was in
tended to bo anything' but an emer
gency ration. It says thoro woro
only two witnesses who really testi
fied against tho beof, Gon. Miles and
Major Daly, tho chief surgeon who
mado tho report, regarded as tho
most sensational forwarded to tho
commission by Gon. Miles.
As to tho testimony of these two
witnesses tho oommisaion, it is un
derstood, goes on to. point out tho
mass of ovidenoo submitted to tho
contrary ae off-sotting thia testi
mony. As to such of the canned
hoof as was found to bo objectiona
ble tho commission points out tho
effect of tho tropical climato in pro
ducing liquefaction of tho fat in the
meat, and tho consequent rendering
of tho contents unpalatable. Most
of the beef, though, is found to have
been satisfactory for emergency use,
where fresh beor or beef on tho hool
could not bo procured. Tho stric
tures of Gen. Miles made publio or
tho beef, and his publio expressiom
in other ways, it is understood, an
subjected to severe criticism. Tin
methods and manner of loading th?
transports in Gen. Shatter's Cubai
expedition aro also dismissed, am
responsibility placed for thc results
Tho report finds that tho state
menta of chemical treatment modi
by Gen. Miles, on tho authority o
Major Daly, arc not boroo out by tb
chemical oxperte, who woro alsi
placed on the stand. It quoted fron
Major Gen. Daly's testimony, an<
then takes up the testimony of chem
ist clerk of tho geological survoj
and liigelow, of tho agricultural dc
partaient, who examined analysis c
the beef submitted, and finds that a
a chemical export Major Daly is no
supported by otbor chemical authori
ties, and that theroforo histestimon
?B regarded as not worthy of ere
dence. There aro also said to b
nomo recommendations as to tho 01
ganization of certain branches of th
army, but, it is stated, tho recoir
mendationa aro not radical. AB t
the administration and conduct <
tho war tho conclusions of tho con
mission aro understood to bo th?
everything possible waa dono by tl)
department in tho limited timo tin
it had at its command in making v
preparations for tho war, and tl:
report says that the conduct of tl:
war not only worked out in tho en
successfully, but in such a way as 1
bo worthy of great commendation.
Tho roport Bays that tho evident
before the commission shows tin
Secretary Alger exerciHcd prop?
diligenco and supervision, and thi
his subordinates also wero effioicn
experienced and faithful. Tho con
mission is a unit on its report, an
there i? no minority report.
At the outset tho commission d
vided itself into sub-committocs f<
the sep?ralo consideration of dosij
nated branches of tho main subje
of inquiry. Three sub-reports w:
bo added to tho principal statemoi
! of conclusions handed to tho Chi
_- m -
A two or three weeks' course of I
M. A. Simmons' Livor Medicino will
regulato tho oxorotory functions tb
they will opornto without any aid whi
Tho jury of twelve was adopt?
because tho prophets were twolv
tho apostles wero twelve ; the
wore twelve Jewish judges, twol
pillars of tho temple, twolvo pat
arohs, twolvo tribes of Israel, twol
stones in Aaron's breast pla
twelve gates of Jerusalem, twol
signs of tho zodiac Whoa jur
wore first established tho judgo to
tho jurors around with him in a ci
until thoy agreed. If tlioy did
agrca they woro fined and Impi
O AlEtTOXlX A.?
Be?? thu Kind You Wm Always Bot
Mrs. Charlotte Konlcz Charlior,
Roselle, N. J., left an cstato wo
about $20,000, practically oil
which, it is said, was made by t
THE TREATY. RATIFIED.
Soiiator Tillman Voted Agalust tho
WASHINGTON, February 0.-Tho treaty
of peaoo negotiated botwoon tho commis
sioners of tho United States aud Spain,
nt Paris, was ratified to-day by tho United
States Sonate, tho voto hoing 67 ayos to
27 nays, or ona voto moro than tho two
thirds majority nooessary to Boouro Sena
torial c- nourrenco in a troaty dbeumont.
Tito voto was takon in oxooutivo session,
and until tho injunction of soorooy was
romovod tho result was supposed to bo
uri valu, bu? tho vico prosidont had no
moro than announced tho ilguros boforo
Sonators rusliod out of ovory door load
ing from tho Sonate chamber, declaring
tbnt tho troaty bad huon ratified. Somo
mado tho mistako of stating that th oro
wore throe votes to sparc. There was,in
fact, only ono voto moro than nooessary.
No voto had boon taken in tho Sonato
since that on tho repeal of tho purchas
ing clauso of tho Sborman law that has
boon followod with as oloso interest as
was tho voto of to-day. Thc anxioty was
duo not only to tho magnitude of tho
question at issue, hut to tho uncertainty
which attended tho mattor up to tho last
moment. Many of tho vast throng
which was turned from tho galleries af ter
tho doors wero closed in responso to.
Sountor Davis's motion, lingorod in tho
corridors, all waiting oagorly for tho first
nows fruin ninnie.
Within tho chambor tho interest was
oven moro intense. Vory fow Sonators
loft tho chambor except those engaged in
tho cloak rooniB ir trying on ono oido to
gain votes for tho aty and on tho otho?:
to prevent a break in tho ranks.
Tho call proooodod qidetly until tho
namo of Senator McLaurin was an
Ho oroatod tho first stir by a spoooh in
explanation of his voto for tho treaty.
This was tho initial break in tho ranks
of tho opposition. Senator MoLaurin
mado a brief statomcnt in explanation of
Jus ohnugo of position, giving tho open
ing of hostilities in Manilla as tho reason
"I am as I have boon from tho first,"
he said, "irrevocably opposed to tho ex
pansion of our torritory, and should havo
voted against ratification but for tho nows
that has como to us over tho cabio in tho
past two days."
Ho thou wont on to say that tho attack
upon our troops had brought about a now
condition of affairs, and that ho should
voto for tho troaty.
Thlj announcement croatod a hubbub
of oxcitoir.ont, for while somo Sonators
woro informed that ho had dcoidod upon
a chango, thoro wero many who woro not
iu possession of this information. Tho
announcement brought somo of tho oppo
sition Sonators to his sido with remon
strances, but ho ropliod to thom that ho
could not any longor soo his way olear
to cast his vote against tl <) treaty.
Ho had hardly concluded whon Senator
MoKnory, of Louisiana, approached him
with a word of congratulation, saying
that ho had decided upon tho samo
course. Tho Louisiana Senator mado a
speech of explanation to tho Sonato, pub
licly announcing himsolf only by moans
of his voto.
Nows of tho ratification of tho treaty
roached tho Whito House almost i nu ne
diatoiy after tho announcement of tho
voto. Postmaster General Smith was
with tho Presidont at tho timo, and was
tho first to congratulate him. Naturally
tho Prosidont was gratilled at tho voto,
and so oxprossed himsolf. Within forty
minutes after its ratification, Gen. Cox,
tho socrotary of tho Sonato, appeared with
tho troaty itsolf, which ho promptly do
Hvorod into tho President's hands, and
Tho Cabinot mombors.as thoy loft tho
Whito ITouso woro jubilant ovor tho rati
fication of tho treaty and spoke of it as
a groat triumph.
Boars tho jp Tho Kind You Have Always Bought
A Natural Lawyer.
A man dropped in on a Stockton
law r tho other day and wanted to
borrow ten dollars.
"Haven't got it," said the lawyer.
"Well," returned tho modest man,
"can't you borrow it for mc?"
"I might; but you must pay back
that (5 you borrowed from mo a year
Ho loft. Tho next day ho carno
again and brought tho $5.
"Thank you, thank you," smiled
tho member of tho bar, pocketing tho
"That ain't tho proper thing to
say. 'Thank you' is too tame."
"What should I say, then ?"
"Why, you ought to say, ?Come
on, old boy, let's go down and havo
"Well, then, come on, old boy I"
Thoy went down and had some
thing, and tho "old boy" called up
his friends. Thoro was just $8.10
left out of tho half-eagle.
That afternoon tho "old boy"
dropped in on tho lawyor again.
"How about that ten dollars?" ho
?What ten dollars?"
"Why, that ten dollars you woro
going to lend mo if I brought back
tho fivo. I've como to got it 1"
"Groat Crosar ! Say, just sit down
over thoro and go to studying lawi
I need a man just liko you; I'm
going to mako you my partnor."-->