Newspaper Page Text
BRING IT TO
BY JAYNKJS, SUBLOlt, SMITH & STUCK.
TO THINK OWN BBLF BE TRUE AND IT MUST FOLLOW AS THE NIGHT THE DAY, THOU OANS'T NOT THEN BE FALSE TO ANY KAN.
WALHALLA, SOUTH CAROLINA, MARCH 23, 1890.
NEW SERIES, NO. 61.-VOMJBXK Ii;-NO. 12
MONEY IN FARMING.
I m prov i njr Worn-nut Land-Grow lust
Out ion for Leas Than Tin co Cents.
Tho farmers of North Carolina aro
entering a now era. For yoars many
of them have longed and waited for
tho restoration of high prices, now a
thing of tho past. Cotton, ono of tho
main crops, will novor go much abovo
G cents. It is down to stay. There
fore, tho problem hoforo the farmers
of this section is not how to raise tho
prices, but how to grow tho orop tho
cheapest. If, as Mr. D. A. Tomp
kins advocates, tho farmers can form
companies, grow, gin, and manufac
tnre their own cotton and cotton
seed into^uiishcd products, roady for
any market, then they will realize
tho highest prico possible for cotton.
No doubt, in days to conic, thora will
be a cotton mill and cotton seed oil
mill oom bined with ovory cotton gin
in every community whero Boveral
hundred bales of cotton jiro grown.
If Btioh woro tho caso to-day, it would
bo well for tho farmors. Ilowover,
in thc meantime, tho farmers must
go on and make tho best of their cot
ton as handled now. Tho cheaper it
in grown and prepared for tho mar
ket tho moro profit there is in it for
tho producer. Tho old syBtcm of
buying supplies to mako cotton with
is out of date. Tho moro stuff a
farmer makes, tho bettor it ia for him.
So muon has been said in tho pa
pers about the 2-97-oent cotton raised
by Mr. E. W. Brawley, on his farm
near Mooresvillo, that Mr. Caldwell,
of thc Observer, suggested that I go
and look into Mr. Brawloy's methods.
This I did a few days ago.
Mr. Brawley is a young man, a son
of Mr. D. C. Brawley, ono of Iredell
county's most successful farmers and
substantial citizens. In Juno, of
1891, Mr. E. VV. Hrawley graduated
from tho University of North Caro
lina with honors. The writer had
the good fortune to know him inti
mately while there. His aims and
efforts in college were toward scour
ing a first-rate English education.
Though he took no special course
preparatory to farming, he never for
once gave up the desire of his boy
hood. To be a successful farmer
was tho height of his ambition. After
leaving thc university he spent several
months traveling abroad on a tour of
observation. Ho is a very methodi
cal, pains-taking worker. He keeps
accurate accounts of his work. Hi?
booka are as essential to him as the
books of a manufacturing concern
are to the mill. Ile is his own book
When he buys a piece of land, ho
opona'an account with it and charges
it with all that goes on it and credits
it with all that comos off. In look
ing over the accounts of one farm I
saw a credit of 12 rails that were
taken to another farm. In riding
over thc farms I was Struck with thu
neat and healthy look of thc land.
Tho edges of every field were shaped
and cleaned. It was evident from
tho appearance of the noil that it is
growing moro fertile year by year.
On most farms quito the reverso is
true. Mr. Brawley buys most of his
land in a run-down condition for
cash, and builds it up. Three years
ago I rode over his farms with him.
At that time lie had just, bought
several worn-out farms. I remem
ber one in particular an being badly
washed and cut in sections by gul
lies. I hardly know that farm when
there the other day. The thin places
have fattened and tho gullies have
been filled and tho land levelled. To
begin with, tho gullies were filled in,
the fields plowed \leop with a two
horse plow, and peas sown with a
few hundred pounds of commercial
fertilizer per acre. Mr. Brawloy's
method of improving land is after
this fashion : lie takes the poor land,
HOWS it in rye, with 200 pounds of
guano and a ton of lime per acre.
The lime ?H put on in tho winter.
In the spring thc rye is turned under.
The lime keeps it from souring.
After the rye, cow peas aro HO wu
with 400 pounds of acid and potash
per nore, Tho peas aro mowed and
the land is sowed in wheat and clover,
with 200 or 300 pounds of neid and
potash. This gets the land on its
feet again, as it wore. From this
stage the land is improved more and
moro by rotation of crops. Mr.
Brawloy's system of rotation is now
pinier test. Ho far he likcej it. lt is
a six year process, Tho first year
?ptton alone ie grown on tipo land,
t|ip tfocnnd year cotton and crimson
plover, tho elovor hoing sown when
tho cotton is worked for tho last
tipio \ corn and pons tho third year,
with a heavy spread of rough stable
manure} small grain and red elovor
tho fourth year; red clover thc fifth
yoar, followed hy whoat and thon
I pens tho sixth year. A person who
knows anything whatever about land
would bo convinced of tho wisdom
of such a system of upbuilding if ho
woro to seo the lino condition of Mr.
Cotton is Mr. Brawloy's main
money orop. Of last yoar'o crop, ho
has alroady sold 12-1 bales. To pro
duce this crop ho grows all of his
homo Bupplios. Bosidos cotton last
y oar ho raisod: 888 J bu nh oin of
whoat; suflioiont corn, oats, barloy,
peas, clover and grasses for tho form
hands and stook; 5,000 pounds of
pork ; sold $800 worth of milk cows,
and soils ten pounds of butter oaoh
week. His purposo is to raiso onough
for tho farm and have a small sur
plus of each product for tho markot.
Mr. Brawloy uses tho best and
lateBt improved Inbor-saving ma
chinery. Ilia plows aro largo and
long. Thoy stir tho ground well and
deep. Under his sheds I saw a drag,
a disc and a cultivator harrow ; a
guano distributor, which opens tho
furrow and soattors the guano at ono
and thc samo time, thereby Having a
hand ; a corn plan tor, a reaper and
binder, a grain drill, a mower, a
broad-tired wagon, and near by a
corn mil!, which grinds tho corn and
cob both into a rough meal, used to
feed cattle and hogs. Tho nutri
ment in ton corn cobs is equal to the
nutriment in tho grain from ono
cob. Mr. Brawloy saves tho cob.
It makes a lino food ?nd the mill ?B
easily managed, and not costly.
Ono of the moBt interesting fea
tures of Mr. Brawley's work ?B tho
way in which ho buys and UBCB his
fertili/.erH. He buys the ingredients
and mixes them himself,* having a
house for the purpose. Most farm?
ors buy their fertilizers ready mixed.
Thoy pay from #18 to $22.50 per ton.
I.aBt year Mr. Brawley's fertilizers
cost him $1,008.82 laid down at
Mooresvillo. Tho ingredients to
make his guanos coBt (714.80, and
freight on the same was $214.43,
Besides his cotton seed meal cost
him $72. Heneo the cost per ton
was $15.78. With the aid of bulle
tins from tho experiment station at
Haleigh any farmer can mix his own
fertilizers, and by so doing save from
$!l to $5 per ton. Tho agricultural
departments of tho State and nation
aro for UV* benefit of .o farmers
They finnis- all kiuus of valuable
information on application. Mr
Brawloy takes advantage of this fact
and consults their bulletin? for infor
mation and advice.
Mr. Biawley hays farms UH an in
vestment. Ho has proved boyotui
a doubt that farm lund is profitable
property. Last year be bought If
acres of land for $150 and routed il
out. Ho made 17 per cent, on thc
money invested. Ho got one-third
of thc crop and furnished one-thirc
of the guano. In 1892 Mr. Brawley'i
father bought 158 acres of land foi
$800, rented it out for $100 ca?h i
year until a fow days ago, when lu
sold it for $1,200. He made over If
per cent on tho money invested in f
113-aere tract of land purchased las
year. Whon ho rentH, tho contrae
demands that tho land bo improved
His system of improvement is en
Mr. Brawloy farms with tenants
They work under his supervisi?n
When he says go, thoy obey. Ho i
tho boss of tho farm. The tenant
seem to bo satisfied ; thoy havo n
desire to chango homes from year t<
year. Besides making corn and moa
and keeping cows, they havo a littl
money every Christmas.
This is not moro heresay ; it is
true story. I spent Home time o
Mr. Brawley's farm. Ho ia a farmei
not a politician. Ho in satisfied wit
tho world. It is true that Mr. Braw
Icy had money to start on ; HO di
many of the fanners who aro penni
less to-day. How many of thoi
mortgaged thoir land whon coito
was 10 cents a pound? It ?B evidoii
from Mr. Brawley's oxporionco tim
there is money in buying small farm
and renting them, provided they ni
under the direct supervision of som
good man. It might bo woll to sta!
hero that Mr. Brawloy foods his ow
Btook, catches and saddle his ow
horses, startH his own fire, and tl:
like. Negroes aro employed to wor
on the farm, not do small I urns.
It is mindi in Mr. Brawloy'a favc
to know that tho people of Moore
ville have uniiiiutpd faith i" ?"H ai
?U ail of his work, and especially
his 2.07 cent cotton.-U. K. C. Hr,
ant, in Charlotte Observer.
J, lt. Hill, Vacksvillo, S. C., writes:
have used Dr, M, A. Simmons' Liv
Medicino for dyspepsia with hottor rosal
than I had from a long trial of Zoilii
Regulator, which I found not so goo
Novor had any snob good results frc
lllaok Draught used.
Gen. M. C. Butler Reviews Its
Workings In this State. -
THE PARENT OF CRIMES.
Bloodshed, Violence and Robbory tho
Rosalt of Making South Carolina
a Retail Sailor or Liquor.
To tho Editor of tho Greenville
Nows : South Carolina has received
somo hard blows in hor past history,
but thoy havo como from without,
mid tho united front of hor whito
peoplo has enabled her to success
fully parry and ofton return thom.
It has remained for her own chil
dren, w.nto nativo ehildron, to in
fliot upon hor tho dondliost blow of
her existence. When sho was put
in tho oatcgory of a whiskoy soller
for gain, tho stool of humiliation and
degradation wont to hor hoart and
hor lifo blood lins hoon flowing in
streams from tho wound over since.
Tho last and saddest epiBodo of ibu
disgraceful tragedy was reached,
when a mother, an innocent woman,
was shot down in hor own home in
tho prcBcnoo of hoi* husband and lit
tle children and sent to hor long ao
oount, for what ? Had she commit
ted any crime for which sho must bo
destroyed liko a man dog ? lind
ehe violated any law ? Had sho
violated any wrong to justiy this
rut hiena invasion of the sanctity of
her house ? No, only tho "suspi
cion" of wrong. What has dis
gusted mo BO with tho so-called exe
cution of this dispensary law is tho
cowardico and imprudence and par
tiality of ita oxecution. These gal
lant and conscientious executioners
generally select somo victim unablo
to defend himself or herself for thc
manifestation of their prowess and
courage, and then proclaim through
tho newspapers and from tho house
tops how they had searched tina
boase or that, this trunk or that,
generally a dcfoncolcsa woman's, mid
brag bow they had found and con
fiscated for tho good of tho State
and ita revenues, contraband whiskey
and goode which tho State novor
gets thc benefit of. They aro usually
"samples," which aro conveniently
appropriated by dispensary officials
and divided among their friends and
families. They have not dared to
offer to search tho house of a MAN,
who would meet throats at tho
threshold with force enough to pro
tect his castlo and repel tho insolent
invasion with* ball and cartridge.
Not much I This is a vory swooping
stntoment, and I intend it to be.
There may bo, and doubtless are,
some exceptions who aro ontitlcd to
exemption from ita scope, but tho
exceptions provo tho rule.
It will not do to Hay that tho dis
pensary ia tho beat solution of tho
liquor question. No problem, how
ever involved or difficult, can ovor
bo properly solved in thc blood of
tho citizen. No law for public policy
oan bo sound which destroys tho
privacy and sanctity of tho homo and
authorizes tho seizing and confisca
tion of private property, and ita arbi
tration among a lot of legalized ban
dits. No administration can bc tol
erated which abielda these legalized
bandits in their sohemos of plundor
and criminal invasion of privato
It will not do to bolator up thia
imitation of a law of a European
monarchy, tho Gotonburg system of
Norway and Sweden, by saying it
has diminiahed drunkonncsB. In tho
first place, I don't bclievo thia is truo,
but conceding thia, thoro arc somo
things worse than drunkenness, bad
aa that in. Among them aro mur
der, corruption in office, perjury and
falso pretences. Each of all those
can bo charged to tho dispensary,
and what ia worse, tho crimes com
mitted in ita behalf, aa a rule, have
beon condoned and tho guilty allowed
to escapo. Tho blood of ita victims
ia upon thc banda of t hone who have
insisted upon cramming it down tho
throats of unwilling peoplo. Two of
tho highest officials of tho State havo
boon openly charged with having j
"lined their pockets" with dispensary
monoy, and no satisfactory ovidonoe
baa boon produced to disprove it,
Scarcely a wcok passes without tho
itisulosu.ro of somo flagrant shortago
or corruption among tho dispensary
officialB, and HO tho carnival of orimo
runs riot in thc State
The truth of history is, that this
monster humbug waa foisted on tho
Stato under falso pretences. It waa
a sop thrown out to tho Prohi
bition Corborus-tho sincere and car
nost temperance peoplo fell into tho
trap and let up in tboir warf aro upon
tho liquor trafilo. A whiskoy ring,
headed by time-sorviug demagogues,
beoame ontronohod at Columbia,
with outposts in almost ovory county,
backed by an army of subsidized
officiais, armed *ith tho roady ro
volvor and Winchester to shoot down
all opposition, and right thoroughly
have they dono their work. Unof.
fending men and women havo boon
waylaid by a swaggering, irroBponsi
blo constabulary, and shot to doath.
The private baggago of ladios has
beon Boarohed without oven probable
cause, improperly confiscated on sus
picion, and convortcd to tho uso of
disponaary oflioials, contonts of trunks
divided among thom as highwaymen
divido their booty and plunder. Tho
homes of families, tho most irre
proachable, havo boon violated and
invndod by bandits sustained and
Bupportod by tho powers of tho State,
and yot they tell us this ?B thc best
solution of tho whiskey traffic.
Whatevorof disgraco and discredit
that baa horetoforo alt ached to whis
hoy selling by individuals has boon
condoned by transferring it to tho
Stnto. It U made rospcotablo by
putting on it tho imprimatur of tho
State's authority and by making tho
Stato tho vondor of whiskoy to her
own children to debauch and dog rade
thom. A now funotion for a sover
eign Stato hithorto supposed to bo
tho enemy of a degrading traffic and
the guardian and protector of tho
wolfaro of her citizons. It has even
boon Christianized by members of
Chriotian churches being omployod
to sell tho vile stuff to monibors of
their Hook. Under tho rulo of looal
option tho cause of temperance was
making most satisfactory progresa in
al! parts of tho State when this mon
strous fraud was launched by tho
Legislature and enforced by reckless
demagogues and Hngsters in opon
defiance of the sensibilities and wishes
of tho pcoplo. Tho bloodshed in
this misorablo crusade against tho
rights and liberties of tho citizen will
have to bo atoned for some day.
Tho sincere advocates of temper
ance, tho ministers of tho Gospol, thc
good women, woro moulding public
opinion-tho only Bafo guarantco of
Buccess in any movement-against
tho saloon tradio in whiskoy. They
wore gradually advancing their lines
of attaok in all parts of the Stato and
making it impossible for even blind
tigers to oxist, whon thoy unfortu
nately, and I think foolishly, fell inte
tho trap sot for them by tho dispen
sary ringstcrs, and were thrown bael
for years in their good work. The)
have renewed their light, and ma)
God speed them in their warfare.
I have never believed in tho elli
cacy of prohibition as a remedy foi
intemperance, but na botweon that
and tho dispensary I would support
prohibition every day in the year. ]
would take tho purchaso and sale ol
whiskoy out of tho hands of Stat?
oflioials where it ia sapping and min
ing tho very foundation of sociot]
and degrading thc high and Haere*
functions of government. I wonk
take this dangerous power out of tin
banda of everybody, Governor, Boan
of Control, dispensers, constables ant
all, and roturn to tho good old Dcm
ooratic doctrino of home rulo, looa
self-government. Lot the people o
each municipality, community, town
ship, county decido for thcmsolve
whether they will have prohibition
local option, high license or dispon
aary. Why not ? Aro tho peopl
not to bo truated ? Wrench th
graap of the ring from tho throats o
tho pcoplo. Turn them looao to do
cido for themselves. The boat gov
erned pcoplo aro those who aro loan
governed. Popular sovereignt
moana tho rule of the people, not Ut
rulo of a dispensary whiskoy ring.
Tho HO-callcd reform mo vern cn
was inaugurated on tho theory tba
there waa a ring which waa Btifiin
and throttling tho pcoplo in tho frc
oxerciflo of their sovoroign powei
Why erect another ring on tho ruin
of tho ring thou existing, if it eve
had any existence? If thoro is ni
tliaponaary whiskoy ring in exiatcne
why not let tho pcoplo havo a chane
to decide in their looal primaries
The roform, farmers movement, need
roforming. Wo were promised lowe
taxea, higher l?ricos, gonoral poact
prosperity and happiness, a sort e
political, financial, social clymun
What havo wo realized? The faro
era have been reformed into fou
cent cotton, and inorcaao of asacBi
mont of property, higher taxea, blood
abed, riots and rascality. Tho rt
formera need reforming. Tho phoi
phate interests bolonging to ali th
people of tho State, paying into thoi
treasury under the operations of th
former ring from two hundred t
threo hundred thousand dollars ai
nually, relieving private property t
that extent from taxation, havo bee
practically destroyed, all in tho inti
reata of reform. ?The dispensary wt
to supply thc deficiency; wo were t
get anywhere from a half to a mi
lion dollars profit from tho sale <
whiskoy. Whore aro those profite
Buried in tho pockets of somebod;
The poople, tho taxpayers, havo nt
received it. And yet aomo poop
ding to tho dispensary as a hi?
moral, economical institution, a pal
acoa for many of the CV?IH undi
which we woro struggling when tl
"reform movement" was launched I
purify tho atmosphere. In th i B O?
ncction wo might paraphrase tl
celebrated apostrophe of Mada
Howland, and flay : "Oh reform, ho
many crimea havo been committ*
in thy name." M. C. BUTI.KR.
To rcstoro tho clear skin and brig
oyo, tho alort gait and souud health, u
Dr. M. A. Simmons* Liver Mediojne,
BLACK HEN'S BLOOD
Georgia's Fair Name Stained by
a Dreadful Crime.
THE WORK OF LYNCHERS.
Poured "toad into the Bodies of Tied
nnd Holpless V ri Honors, Sus
pected of Arson.
PALMETTO, GEOEOIA, March IO.
Twenty mon, armed and masked,
rode into this littlo town this morn
ing nt an carly hour and put to death
four negroes, fatally wounding one,
shot another and broko tho arm of a
seventh man. Two others, who
were of tho crowd upon whioh tho
bullets wero showerod, miraculously
escaped. These unfortunates wore
under guard of threo men, awaiting
tho hour of 9 o'clock, when they
woro to have a Loaring before a jus
tico of tho peace on the chorgo of
arson. William Cotton, tho leador
of tho niuo men, confessed some time
ago that a conspiracy bad boon en
tered into, whioh resulted in two in
cendiary fires hore in February, and,
on tim ovidoncc, tho mon woro to
h?V? b??ii tried.
Tho doad aro, William Cotton, Jr.,
Harrison. Hudson, Ed. Brown, Honry
Fatally wounded, John Bigby.
Woundod, John Jameson, Georgo
Tatum, arm brokon. Ison Brown
and Clem Watts, tho other two
membors of tho gang, escaped unin
jured. After the inquest thoy were
turned lcoso and loft on tho train for
Tho town is quiot to-night under
tho protection of tho Capital City
Guards, of Atlanta, and a posso of
scventy-fivo well-armed citi/.ons.
CONFINED IN A STONE HOUSE.
Tho negroes wore confined in tho
office of tho Johnson warehouse, n
onc-Btory stone building, just noross
tho track from the Atlanta and
WcBt Point depot. Thoy wore ar
rostod but. yesterday, woro tied to
gether with ropes, nnd wore passing
tho night under tho protection of
threo guards, sworn in for that pur
pose. Thoir preliminary trial was
so', for 9 o'clock this morning.
About 1 o'clock thia morning 20
.nen, mounted and masked, rode up
to tho warehouse and dismounted.
Without waiting to announce them
selves to the guards within they
enH?y forcod tho door of the ware
house and n second later stood in tho
oflico of thc Johnson Company,
where the negroes woro lying on tho
fioor around tho fire. Tho guards
were covered by Winchesters, and,
with hands up, wero marched to ono
side of the little room and stood
against tho wall.
SHOT DOWN LIKE DOGS.
Thc negroes, who woro frightened
into silence by the bursting of tho
door, now realized thoir peril.
Scream after scream wont np from
the vi "tims aa they Baw tho glonm of
fircanun in tho dim light from tho
firc-placo. Thoir appeals for meroy
were unheeded. A short, hoavy-Bot
man, whoso features woro complotoly
concealed by a white handkerchief,
acted ns loader. Ho cursed tho
blackB into silence for a moment and
told bia men to got ready. After
looking at each negro ho commanded
them to got up. Tho trembling,
crying wretches, tugging at their
ropes in a vain effort to got away,
obeyed tho words of tho mob's
loader. A last appeal for meroy
went unheeded and the word "Fire!"
rang out in tho littlo room. Tho
volley lilied thc room with iiro and
smoke, and tho negroes foll in a
heap on thc fioor. Tho noise awak
ened the littlo town, and ns the
lights began to twinkle in windows
boro and th oro a second volloy sealed
the doom of thoflo who wero fortu
nato enough to oscapo tho murder
ous firo of tho firflt charge. As tho
mob m ado ready to depart, throe or
four mon with pistols sont bullets
into tho prostrate forms on tho fioor,
and inside of ton minutes aftor tho
crowd had entered Johnson's ware
house, on their murderous errand,
they had completed thoir work and
woro on thoir way to safoty on tho
backs of fleet horflos.
THK CITIZENS AEOUBEI).
Soon tho oiti/.cns began to arrivo
at tho warehouse, being undor tho
impression that tho guards woro ho
ing murdered by tho negro prison
ers. When tho horror of tho affair
was presented Mayor Ars.old tele
phoned Gov. Candler at Atlanta of
tho occurrence and asked for nome
militia. Ile thou doputizod soventy*
live citizens to prcBorvo ordor and,
arming thain with rifles, plnocd thom
on duty in difforont parts of the
-^_- " ,, i i rrTTT".. .- ----
Daylight in tho warehouse re?
vealed a sickening scene. Blood
covered the floor, and tho walls were
indented with bullets from Win?
chesters and other arms. Wives
and children of the negroes, to whom
tho nows of tho tragedy had. spread
on rapid wings, knelt by tho bodies
of their dead and endeavored to con
sole tho wounded. Tho crios of the
negro families filled tho room and
sent a shook through tho hoarors.
JUKY OK INQUK8T.
Doc-ors bent over the woundod
and administered to their wants at
intervals until noon, when friends of
tho injured carno and removed thom
to their homes. Tho dead, whoso
bodies woro horribly mangled, ro
maiu?d where thoy were until
shortly aftor noon, when a coroner's
jury was empanelled. In tho ab
ssnoc of Coroner Dunlap Justice of
tho Pence Cummings summoned tho
jury and conduotod tho inquest.
Clem Watts, ono of the ncgroos,
who miraculously oaoapod hoing
shot, was tho first witness.
Ho said :
"I was at tho warohouso and a
crowd of masked men, about twenty,
carno. Thoy ordored the guard tc
throw up thoir hands. They made
them ioavo tho guard room. Thc
loader thon ordered his mon to fire
on the prioonors, first counting ono
two, throe. Tho mon aftorwardi
loaded and fired again."
Guard Baker testified that the mol
fillod tho room and tho guards won
forood to tho wall.
"Tho loader of tho mob gave r
count and tho shooting began. The)
had pistols, shotguns and Winches
tor rifles. They did not stay ovo:
five minutcB. I do not know whiol
way thoy came or wont whon tho)
J. J. Connor, tho guard examined
said : "I was guarding tho priaonora
About 1 o'clock a orowd of maako?
mon can.o in tho room by forcinj
tho door opon and moved tho guard
bnok. Tho prisoners woro com
manded to lino up and then th
order to fire was given, whioh wa
obeyed. Thoy shot and roloado*
and shot tho second timo. Th
room was filled with tho maske
mon. I do not know tho number.
The jury thou ronderod a verdloi
which reads :
"We, tho coronor'? jury, ompan
oiled in tho casca of the deaths c
Harrison Hudson, William Cottoi
Jr., Ed. Brown and Henry Binghan
find that they carno to their doat
from gunshot or pistol bliot wound
from a crowd of masked mon to tli
jury unknown, . a little aftor mi(
night, or on tho morning of tho IGt
of Maroh. J. T. BULT.AKD,
CAU8K OV TIIK LYNCHING.
Tho town lina boon visited by tw
incendiary fires sinco February
and tho citizonB have boon afraid I
rebuild, owing to oft->ropoatc
threats of tho nogroos that thc
would do tho aamo thing again. Tl
county authorities have been acth
in their efforts to apprehend tho ii
oondinricfl, and yesterday arroatc
tho nino negroes above mentions
William Cotton had confessed I
Dr. H. h. Johnson that ho and oig!
companions bad conspirod to hui
tho town and loot tho stores. Tl
burning part of tho programmo w
successfully oarriod out, but tho fi
spread so rapidly and tho buildiii]
went up in Hames BO fast that th
woro unnblo to obtain anything fro
tho storoB. Dr. Johnson got tl
names of tho eight accomplices frc
Cotton and on this ovidonco tho wu
rants wcro sworn out.
Gov. Candler has issued a proel
mation offering a roward of $600 f
tho apprehension and delivery of t
first member of tho unknown mc
and a further roward of $100 f
each additional person so implicate
with ovidenco sufficient to convi
This is tho largeBt reward tho lr
[Tho latcat dispatches from Pi
motto say that all is quiot and
further trouble is oxpootod.]
M AUCH, APRIL, HAY.
These aro the Months In Which
Purify Your Hlood.
TIds is tho season whon your bloo(
loadod with impurities, accumulated d
lng tho wiutor months from oloso c
finement, ri?h food, and othor can*
Tiloso impurities must bo drivon fr
your system or they may brood sorh
diseaso and causo untold sufTori
Hood's Sarsaparilla is tho greatest i
host blood purifying medicino it is T
siblo to obtain. It is what tho milli
tako in tho spring. It will purify i
onrioli your blood, oroato an appot
tono up your system and give you BOU
.-?*)..*?<- ? ?
A chair which Lincoln had usod
his homo wa i Bold at auotion in N
York for $200 to tho Lincoln ol
of Chicago, . .... .
Highest of all in Leavening Poi
QUEEN 81 ? NS PEAG E T R EATY
AU War Negotiations Closed-Tho
Exchange of Treaties the Last Step.
MA niuo, Maroh 17.-The Queen
Rogont has ?ignod tho troaty of
peaco between Spain and tho United
The signed troaty will be for
warded to tho French Ambassador
at Washington, M. Jules Canibon,
for oxohange with tho ono signed by
Tho Queen has signed tho acor?os
dissolving tho cortes, convoking tho
now parliament and authorizing the
payment of arrears of pay to tho re
Th'i Spanish government baa con
cluded a loan of 30,000,000 pesotaa
with tho banking house of Urqunjo.
The money was handed over yester
day and will ho dov?tod to paying
tho orroars duo tho Spanish troops
which havo sorved in Cuba.
THOM AS VILLIS, QA., March 17.
Tho news recoivod by tho Assooiated
Press that tho Queen Regent of
Spain had Bigned tho nonco troaty of
ratification was telephonod promptly
to tho President. Tho Prcsidont
was muoh gratified at tho fact that
this last stop necosaary to tho ond of
hoBtilo relations with Spain had hoon
takon, though never doubting suoh
would bo tho outcome.
Ladies desiring a contented and happy
old ago should uso Simmons' Squaw Vino
Wine or Tablets, commouoing at 10 years
old and continuo during "chango of lifo."
War May Close at Once.
WASHINGTON, Maroh 17.-Ad
vicoB havo boon recoivod from
Manilla which indicato that tho cli
max may occur at any hour. Tho
officials hero aro very well ploased
with tho condition of affairs, but
will not at present discuss tho do
tails of tho dispatohes. Tho indica
tions aro that tho hostilities may ond
within a very short timo.
The navy department is taking
stops toward tho formation of a mos
quito ileot for tho Philippines. Tho
conditions now prevailing in Luzon
indicato that for a long timo it will
bo necessary to maintain a strict
polico of tho coant and inland waters.
Tho latest political goBsip is that
thc burly Spoakor Rood and tho ro
doubtablo Rough Rider, Govornor
Roonovelt of New York, aro op
posed to MoKinloy and will do thoir
worat to dofcat him for tho Presiden
tial nomination in 1900, Roosovelt to
bo tho opposing oandidato. Recd
"don't liko MoKinloy, no how ; all
expansionists look alike to bim."
Popo T.oo had to submit to a surgical
oporation last wook. For yoars a cyst
had boon forming and it was nocossary
to uso tho knifo. Ho was much rollovod
and is now improving rapidly.
Rov. E. E. llosa, L.L. D., editor of
th? Nashville Christian Advooato,
has bcon tonderod tho Presidency of
tho University of Georgia. His
friends aro urging him to romain in
his prcsont plaoo, whore thoy Bay ho
is nocded nt this timo.
John T. Glonn, ono of tho loading
lawyers and most distinguished oiti
Z.OIIH of Atlanta, died suddenly in
his bod last wook in that oity.
Mushed ohooks, throbbing templo,
nausea, laasitudo, lost appetite, sallow
oomploxion, pimples, blotches, aro warn
ings. Tako Dr. M. A. Simmons' Livor
T-er.-Latest U. S, Gov'* Report
Officers Fight to Donth.
HOT SPRINGS, AUK., Maroh 16.
A shooting occurrod hero ot 6.80
this ovoning whioh resulted in. th?
death of fivo mon and tho sorious
wounding of ono other.
Tho killed aro : Thomas Tolor,
ohiof of police ; J. E. Hart, oity
detective ; Thoo. E, Goslco, polico
sergeant; John Williams, son of
Sheriff Williams; Louis Henkel,
driver of a browory wagon.
Ed. Spoars was shot in tho nook
and may dio.
The shooting grow out of tho
mayoralty oampaign undor way hore.
Sheriff Williams was a warm sup
porter of tho rog ular Domooratio
nominee, whilo Tolor, Hart and Goa
lee woro supporting an opposition
Early in tho aftornoon shota woro
exchanged botween Sheriff Williams
and his Bon John on tho ono sido and
Sorgeant Goelco on tho other, but no
ono was injured. Af tor this both
parties dotormined to havo it out.
Tolor, Hart and Gosloo woro walking
eouth on Central avonuo at about
6.30 o'olook, when they met Sheriff
Williams and his two sons, John and
Coffoy, and Ed. Spears. No ono can
toll who fired the first shot, but in
a moment thoro was a gonoral fusil
lado, in which forty or fifty shots
were oxchanged. When it was over
Tolor, Hart, Gosleo and Henkel, a
non-ootnbntant, wore dead, and John
Williams was mortally wounded. Ho
died an hour lator. Louis Ilenkol
attomptcd to separate tho combat
ants when tho fight opened. Ho
was shot in tho hoad and died in
Tho mayor, immediately after tho
shooting, appointed Judgo L. D.
Bonding ohiof of polico. Deputies
wore sworn in at once and all saloons
woro ordcrod closed. There is littlo
factional feeling outside of those
engaged in tho shooting. Order was
oasily restored and tho city was soon
quiet. Tho Bhoriff and his son Cof
foy aro undor arrest and no further
trouble is anticipated.
Sheriff Williams was riot present
when tho battlo occurred, but soon
appeared, and on learning of tho death
of his son bcoamo frantic with rago.
About 20 minutes after tho main
battlo anothor affray ocourred near
by in which four or fivo shots wcro
fired. In this fusillade Detective
Jim Hart went down with tho wholo
top of his skull blown off. All of
tho dead mon loavo largo families.
Constipation of tho bowols may bo
oasily cured by a few doses of Dr. M. A.
Simmons Livor' Mcdioino.
Tho Now York Financial Nows
has beon looking into tho rich South
ern highlands and is wonderfully,
but not unduly, impressed with tho
groat possibilities of thc South. "In
tho mountain region," it says, "cov
ering tho contor of tho States east
of tho Mississippi, extending from
tho Pennsylvania lino to northern
Alabama and Georgia, and embrac
ing an aroa of somo 160,000 squaro
milcB, is more natural wealth, moro
basis to sustain a denso population
and profitably employ it, than can
probably bo found in any million
milos of land lying in a solid body
olsowhoro in tho world."
$100 REWARD- $100.
Tho readers of this papor will bo
pleased to learn that thora is at least ono
dreaded dinoaso that soionce has boon
ablo to euro in all ita stages, and that ia
catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Curo is tho only
positivo ouro known to tho medical fra
ternity. Catarrh hoing a constitutional
diseaso, requires a constitutional troat
mont. Hall's Catarrh is Curo takon inter
nally, acting directly upon tho blood and
muouoiiB surfaces of tho system, thereby
destroying tho foundation of the disoaso,
and giving tho patient strength by build
up tho constitution and assisting naturo
in doing its work. Tho proprietors havo
havo so muoh faith in its curativo pow
ors, that thoy offor ono hundred dollars
for any caso it fails to ouro. Send fe"
list of testimonials.
Address, F. J. CHENEY A CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by Druggist, 75o.
nail's Family Pills aro tho best.
Sonator Chandler of Now Hamp
shire says tho issuo of 1000 will bo a
fight against tho trusts. Ho says
that if tho Republican party doos
not allign itself on tho sido of tho
pooplo and against tho trimt combi
nations it will bo in dangor of do
A hundred years ago tho Ha
waiian islands were said to havo had
400,000 population ; now 80,000 is a.