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TO THINK OWN SELF HE THUK AND IT MUST FOLLOW AS 'IVIE NI?1I1T THE DAY, THOU CANS'T NOT TUEN DE FALSE TO ANY MAN.
HY J AYN KS, 8I1ELOR, SMITH & STECK.
WALHALLA, SOUTH CAROLINA, JANUARY 18, lOOO.
NKW SERIES, NO. 84.-VOLUMB LI.-NO. il.
IRK OF THE LAW MAKERS
UOTH HOUSES AHE ?ETTING DOWN TO
SEVERAL BIllS DISPOSED Of.
Tho Resolution In Regard to Hie Disponsary
Heloirod to Judiciary Committee.
Promptly at I "J o'clock both bouses
of tho Legislature mot ami there
wore oomparattvol) few absent?os tu
either house. There wore no unu
sual incidents, and tho opening of
tho second session was just like tho
many others which have precoded it.
Hy reason of tho elevation of Mon.
M. li. .McSweeney to the gubernato
rial chair Senator Scarborough be
came Lieutenant (Jovcrnor and ho
presided over thc Senate to-day. Ile
made a brief address referring to the
circumstances whereby he became
tho presiding o Iii cor and saying, that
while Ito brought no learning or ex
perience to tho place he did bring a
full intention to discharge the duties
ol' the position to the best of his
ability and asked that Senators give
liim their aid and co-operation.
Senator Mel)ormotte, of lt MTV,
who succeeds Mr. Scarborough, and
Senator Crossen, who succeeds Capt.
(?nihill, were sworn in.
Senator Sheppard was elected
president pro tem. lo succeed Mr.
Scarborough and he took the oath of
ollicc, thanking Senators for the
courtesy. Ile was nominated hy
Senator Mayfield and his election
'I iie presiding olllccr announced
the appointment of W. lloyd Kvuns
as journal clerk, to succeed ICIbert
II. Aull, who is now the (iovernor's
private secretary : Wm. (? od frey, of
Morry, keeper of tho president's
loom; .Milton Alexander, of Oconee,
It is evidently the intention of the
Legislature to fully investigate the
affairs of the dispensary. Concur
rent resolutions were introduced to
thal effect, both in the Senate and
the Mouse. They are both practi
cally the same thing and provide for
tho appoint ment ul' a committee, con
sisting of two Senators and three
representatives, to investigate the
operations of the institution. They
are to he appointed by thc presiding
officers ol' each house, find shall be
empowered lo take testimony ?ind
call for persons mid papers which
may throw light on tho subject.
Tiley may employ an expert ac
countant and stenographer and may
sit within or without the State.
Tin y are lo sit during the sessions
of thc two houses and report, if
practicable, before adjournment, but
they may ask for further time and
lu the Senate the resolution went
over for consideration to-morrow.
I inmediate act ?on was demanded i;?
the Mouse, the resolution being in
troduced b) Mr. Winkler. Ten
members not objecting, Mr. Klird, ol'
Lexington, proceeded to speak
against the resolution, holding that
it would bea rHicetion on thc stand
ing dispensai y committee. In thc
midst of his remarks the (iovernor's
message caine in ami its reading
Mr. Klird said, ns rt mem ber nf the
committee, ho knew there was noth
ing wrong willi the financial part of
thc institution and thc people cared
nothing for the petty jealousies be
tween members of the board.
.Messrs. Willkler ami Magill de
fended thc resolution, but, as.stated,
thc reading nf the message prevented
furl her d?bale.
in opening the I louse Speaker
(?ary made a brief address, welcom
ing members an! congrnltilating
them that since they last mel the
grim reaper had not invaded their
Mr. L'iehards, of Marlboro, was
appointed assisi ant (derk.
The reading <>l thc message in both
houses was closely followed hy a
great majority of the members.
The Appell bill was introduced in
tile Senate to-day.
Senator Marshall introduced a
resolution for the (tnvernor to ap
point a commissioner to collect ami
perpetuate the testimony in the
claims of thc State against the
Knited Slates tm account of aband
Tlie dispensary investigation reso
lution passed thc Mouse overwhelm
Tin Mouse appointed Thursday ?is
the dav to elect a successor t<? Asso
ciate Just ice Mary, Mc will have no
Lev. .1. ('. .Abney lesioned as
i haplani nf thc I louse and liev. ( '.
I >. Mann was elected to succeed him.
KKCONII HAY-.IAN. IO.
lioth houses got down to solid
work to-day nilli varions hills oil the
calendar were disposed of.
The concurrent resolution, looking
to an investigation of the dispensary,
came up in the Senate, hut it was
referred lo the committee oil judi
The Senate agreed to thc resolu
tion of the House to elect a succes
sor of Associate .lust JO Gary.
Senator Hay wanlen to elect three
directors of the penitentiary at the
same time, hut this was not agreed
to until it is definitely settled whose
terms hive expired and what tho
length of the terms of their succes
sors shall he.
The Senate tackled thc calendar
ami rapidly went through, most of
the measures being passed over or
recommitted. There was little or no
debate and what there was of it was
not of a particularly interesting char
acter. The proceedings were of a
routine character throughout.
Thc Governor transmitted a me
morial from T. H. McGahan und
others relative to draining swamp
lands on the coast. The Governor
suggested that a commission be ap
pointed to look into the matter, as
thousands of acres ot* land could ho
reclaimed. Thc whole matter was
referred to the committee on agri
Thc House passed over a large
part of its calendar and as usual
lhere was considerable debate.
! Senator .Marshall's bil!, relative to
j damages colton mill operatives may
.obtain against owners in eases of in
j jury, was recommitted after mindi
! d?bale. The purpose was to give
the cotton mill owners a hearing be
fore the committee. The hearing
will probably bc held some time litis
The bill requiring State institu
tions, in the city, which use city
waler to adopt thc metre system was
J made a special order for to-morrow.
.Mr. Wharton, of Laurens, had a
chicken lighting bill, prohibiting that
sport from being held within three
miles of a church or school house. It
| was argued that there was already a
law against such sport and the bill
Mr. Mauhlin's succession tax bill
was killed, ll provided generally
lhat when a man died and il was
j found that taxes were due the State
that thc amount be taken out ot" the
j Thc I louse made a big inroad on
J ils calendar and the Senate disposed
one way or another of all on its cal
endar. Holli houses show a disposi
tion to work, but so far no bills of
great import?t, ii have conic up to
A bill lo repeal the act allowing
the opening ol* dispensaries in I'iek
ens and Oeoneo counties, and to pro
vide for the distribution of the
I prolits, so far as Ocouec is con
cerned, was intlelinitely postponed
on motion of Senator Alexander.
The Cosgrove bill to exempt cities
ol'over 10,0011 inhabitants from tho
provisions of the dispensary law,
I was made tlit* special order, at hi*
request, for January -'?'>, lo be con
tinued, unless disposed of.
Thc House bill lo repeal the pri
mary election act was killed, on mo
tion, without debate.
Thc House bill to amend thc .Hui
i Crow car bill was, on motion, recotn
I milted lo thc committee, as tlx
committee had tailed to make an)
Mr. Vernor's House bill, relativ?
to amending tho law ns t * ? road:
and highways, was recommitted.
I'll I Ul I OA Y -JA N . II.
Senator Graydon has introduced :i
; resolution looking tu au inquiry ami
thc prosecution of the Virginia-Caro
Ima Chemical Company by thc At
torney ( leneral.
Associate Justice Kugene I!. (Jar*,
! was re-elected without Opposition.
j Mr. Hlcasc's resolution looking ti
biennial sessions, by providing foi
the election ol' members for lum
years, was ki!.cd by a vote of (il foi
lu.">l against, lacking a two-third:
vote i>! all members.
I In thc I louse several malters wen
ia ported b.'K'k from the Senate.
j The joint resolut ion providing foi
? I he pr?par?t iou and completion u
the history t" accompany the Con
federate rolls was referred to tin
? ci numil iii <>n military.
? ll is understood thal the Soull
( "a ml i ii.i College will ask fur an np
propriation of something over -^'.'7,
nuil ihis year for general purpose
: ami an extra appropriation of $0,001
fur a new stewards' hall, which i
badly m e.le,I.
Somebody gol ii wrong, and I'M
newspapers enema', it I hat I hi
session of the General Assembly wa
limited lu forty days by the St.il
constitution. Not su. Nut mili
i aller this session will this limilalioi
j bc of turee. 11 is not likely thal thi
Legislature will keep itself her
longer than thirty ihits, (hough un
limited by lan -
iH OF WISDOM
FOR OUR FARMERS-ADDRESS OF PRESI
DENT STEVENS TO CONVENTION OF
iitiwinucnG ar nam
Make Small Bills and Buy for Cash-Plant
Food Crops-Roduco Cotton Acrcago.
Tho lirst annual convention of tho
Cotton States Association of the
Commissioners of Agriculture con
vened in New Orleans, La., Ja ... N,,y
Commissioner Jastremski, in tho
absence of tJov. Foster, delivered
tho address of welcome, which was
responded to by Commissioner Cul
ver, of Alabama.
President Stevens then delivered
his annual address.
"For years," said Col. Stevens,
"the farmers of tho South have boon
drifting into a condition of bank*
ruptcy and demoralization. This is
not due to sterility of soil, nor to un
favorable climatic conditions. It is
not altogether fair to lay the fault of
failure to our people, for as a class
they have worked industriously, in
and out nf season, but they have not
worked with any fixed purpose of
permanent benefit in the end. I
have for years boon urging the farm
ers of Georgia to reverse their
methods if they would escapo tho
conditions which have resulted from
a lack of diversification in planting
their crops. The salvation of the
people depends upon rural independ
ence, ami I urge upon each of you,
the Commissioners of the Colton
States, to call upon your people to
change their methods of farming.
The farming interest has been tho
subject of much discussion by tho
press and tho people of thc South
for tin1 past twelve months; so
much so, that the people of tho rural
districts tire socking information by
reading the daily and weekly papers
.uni agricultural journals. This is
one of tho important channels
through which this association must
roly in roaching the fanning class,
by writing monthly letters upon ag
ricultural subjects and (jtiestions, to
be published once a month in your
Mr. Stevens said there was no
doubt tho South is more prosperous
to-day than at any other time within
the last thirty years ; prices have
advanced and tho people are more
"Tell your farmers," ho said, "to
make small bills ; to buy for cash if
possible ; to plant largely for food
crops and reduce the acreage in cot
ton even below that of last year.
The cotton crop of 1 SOO-1 OOO will
barely reach 0,000,000 bales and the
average price paid thus far has been
seven cents. I Jut if our farmers go
wild again, as they did in 1808-buy
everything they can on time, plant
the whole earth \:\ cotton, and make
a crop of cloven and one-half mil
lion bales--the country will he
ruined, almost beyond hope."
STA TI: or ( ?mo, ("ITV or 'foi. KOO, ;
I.I I AS Cul XI V, J >>
frank ,1, ('heney makes catii that he is
the senior partner of the linn of I*'. ,1.
(.'heney ?v Co., doing business in tho City
of Toledo, County am?stale aforesaid,
and that said (?rm will pay the sum of
Ono Hundred Dollars for each and
every ease of Catarrh that cannot he
cured by the use of Mall's Catarrh Cure.
KUAN i< ,1. (Ju KN KV.
Sworn to before me and subscribed in
my presence, this lilli day of December,
A. I), issi;.
, ^ ^ A. W. Cl.KAKON,
s Y. Af
. > Notary Public.
Mall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally
and aids directly on the blood ami mu
cous surfaces ol' Hie system. Send for
test i menials, free.
I?\ .1. ClIKXKY A Co., Toledo, ().
I Soid by Druggists, 7.">c.
1 Hall's Family Tills arc the. best.
Two Points of View.
A fanner drifted into a hardware
1 store at Fit kens and was asked by
thc malinger :
"Don't you want, to buy a bicycle
ito ride around your tann on ? They
are cheap now. Can give you one
\ i'm- *:;;'>."
"IM sooner put &?;"> into a cow,"
I said the fanner.
"Hut think," said thc manager,
I "bow foolish you would look riding
? around town on a cow."
I "Ob, I don't know," said thc tar
mer ; "no more foolish, perhaps,
than I would milking a bicycle."
I The Hoer war is costing Fngland
! $'2,000,000 a day, lo say nothing of
the priceless blood of heroes shed.
[This is eoatU boer hunting.
CONDEMNED MEN RESIST.
Uso Dirks When Auoul to Moot Death on
Geronimo Tarra ami Antonio
Morea, who wore executed at Kl
Paso, Texas, last week for murder,
made a desperate efl'??rt to Lill some
of the officers or spectators when
their cull door was unlocked.
It had hoon decided to hang Flores
first, for fear that ho would break
down. When tho officers unlocked
the cell door to convey bim to tho j
gallows, both prisoners ?lashed out
and stabbed right and left among
tho crowd with dirks made of eoarso
steed wiro. A desperate struggle
fol lowe?!, and lite most intense ex
citement was precipitated.
A constable shoved Tarra into tho
coll ami bolled Ibo door, and live
rangers ami a deputy sheriff sprang
Upon Flores, disarming him and
bearing him to the floor. Ile was
handcuffed ami his feet wore bound,
after which he was conveyed to tho
scaffold, where death by hanging
Ranger I'M. liryant was wounded
in tho stomach by a dagger thrust.
The sheriff thou declared thal no
cit:/.en or officer should bc injured
by Tarra, and called on tho prisoner
to throw up his hands.
"J have decided to shoot him down
if ho resists," said ho as he opened
the cell door.
c'ive officers drew their pistols and
covered the prisoner, lie was re
moved without difficulty, bul a dirk
was found at his feet. Ho kissed a
crueilix ami declaro?l his innocence
on tho scaffold. The trap doors
sprung open *is the sheri IT pulled the
lover, and Tarra's hoad was almost
sevore?l from his body by the rope.
Three Men Killed in Duel.
VicKsui'it?;, Miss., January 0.
Oak liidge, a little hamlet eighteen
miles northeast of this city, was th?'
scene this morning of a desperate
pistol duel in which three of thc
best residents of the county
were killed. Th?: dead aro: A. I).
Tolland, K. S. Stephenson and Dr.
Dr. .lames Austin, his sou, Otto
Austin, and his son-in-law, li. S.
Stephenson, had been arrested on an
affidavit sworn oin hy Tolland,
charging them with whipping one ol'
Toland's negro tenants. The trial
was set for tins morning, bul had
hardly opened when llie shooting
began, but who lirocl the 'hst rliot is
When the smoke nf battle had
cleared away Tolland, Stephenson
and Ott?) Austin were streatehe?l on
tlii' Moor dead, and Tr. .lames Austin
atula young son (d' Tolland wire
Free of Charge.
Any adult suffering from a rob! settle?!
on the breast, bronchitis, throat or lung
troubles of any oat ure who will call at .1.
II. Darby's will be presented with a
sample hollie, ol' l?ese I ice'.s (?crinan
I Syrup, free of charge. Only ?>ne bottle
j given to one person, aihl none lo ch i hi roll
wit bout order from parents.
No throat oi ?ung remedy ever hail
such a sale as I'.oschco's (?crinan Syrup
in all ??alts ol' the civilized world.
Twenty years ago millions ol bottles
were given away, and yum- druggist will
tell you its success was marvelous. It. is
really the only Throat and laing liemedy
generally endorsed by physicians. One
i*? cent bot I le will eui eur prove its value.
Sold hy dealers in all civilized countries.
Not Much of a Discriminator.
A small son, aged throe, turned
up the oilier afternoon mn] was ery
? ing piteously,
I "What is the matter?" asked
"Somebody !iii mc," answer little
"Dui you hit back?" asked the
j "No," sobbed Johnny.
Toon ioiiowcii mis ice, which ended
impressively willi thc words: "lie
I member, Johnny, you arc a big boy,
and when any ?mc hits you, yon hit
I back and as hard ,u yon can."
Two days later, in carno sonny,
with bis head high in (lie air ami a
"Well, how goes it ?"
"Some one Inf me," said thc proud
boy, "but I hit back harder any
"( ?nod," said I he |i Ipa ; '? was i ho
little boy bigger than yon were?"
"ll wasn't a boy," calmly answered
Johnny ; "ii was a girl."
Four Hundred Lives Lost.
Y K I oin \, T. ( '., January. ll
A?lviees by i bc steamship Kmpress
ol Japan (ells of a liefen storm
sweeping th?* Japanese eua si on |)c
co m be r Jilli, by whieli thirty-li ve
junks were lost while hi ing towed
from Osako lo Kobe, anil 171 per
sons perished. A tidal wave accom
panied ibo slorm, by which ll I lives
in all were lost.
Ii IGlo LYNCHED.
TWO OFFICERS OF THE LAW SHOT TO
DEATH AT RIPLEY, TENN.
BOTH ?HES SHOT ll HEAD
Negro Rclusod to Bk Vaccinated Hail tho
Nogro on tho Way to Jail.
M irvin Durham ami W. 1). Tur
ner, ofliccrs of the peace, were last
Tuesday morning ?hot to death,
while in tlte discharge of their duty,
hy two negroes, near Ripley, Tenn.
Turner was constable in the dis
trict in which the killing took phi'-e,
ami hud deputized Durham lo assist
liiiu in uaking the arrest of a negro
named Gingerly, who was wanted
for failure to obey the vaccination
laws, which have been enforced with
considerable rigor thereabout of late
on account ol' the prevalence of
sporadic eases of smallpox in that
A special from Ki ploy, Tenn.,
uiulcr dato of January 9, says :
Thc ofliccrs h nd tho negro under!
way, bringing him to this city, when
lliey were overtaken by two negroes,
brothers of the prisoner, who, with
out warning, bred from the rear,
shooting both the ollieers in thc back
of tho head, and producing instant
death in both cases. Gingerly then
escaped with his brothers.
As soon as thc m w? of the tragedy
reached this town intense excitement
mose and many business people
closed nj) their shops in order to
join ?ti the chase of the murderers.
Hounds were brought forth and all
the people who had left for the
scene of the killing carried arius
nnd were evidently bent on laking
summary vengeance on the slayers
if they should bu caught.
run i.v.Ni UKI?.
Itim.Kv, TKNN., January IO.-The
latest reports from the large posse
which went in pursuit of tho Gin
gerly negroes arc that two of the
miscreants have been caught and
lynched. The two negroes were
swung to trees on the roadside tit
0.510 o'clock last night. One of the
dead men is the prisoner who was
being escorted to jail when the olli
eers were shot, by his brothers. The
searching parties are still out hunt
ing for other participants in the
lt is reported that many negroes
in the neighborhood aru anning
themselves and excitement runs
high. Negroes are being run off the
streets to-night and are warned to
remain quiet. A negro was assaulted
nt S o'clock by a white man, and is
perhaps fatally injured, livery in
coming train has brought huge num
bers of tuen, who have joined ill pur
suit of other negroes.
tte port ol Attorney General.
Thc report of the Attorney Gene
ral shows that 'J'JI homicide casca
were tried in the State during tho
past year, with the result cf 'J7 con
victions ami SJ acquittals. The
total number of dispensary eases
was .'!7'J. There were KUI convic
tions and -17 acquittals.
livery cough makes your throat "jj
B moro raw mu? irritadlo. livery cough ?
/ congosto thu lining mcmbrano of ?j
j your lungs. Cease tearing ymir I
I throat ami lunga in this way. Tako ?
? From tho finit iluso tho quiot ami ?*
" rest begin; tho tickling in tho throat J
CT ceases; tho cough disappears.
Two sizes : $1.00 ; fiOc. Vj
? Dr. Ayer'a Cher ry Pectoral Plaster 1
j Mimili! lu' over the linn;s of every I
I person troubled with a cough.
L ,1 c. AY Kit co.. Lowell, Mass.
A HIDO,ly Game of Cards.
NYIIITKSIH in;, Kv., January IO.
I lul im; a quarrel over a game of
canis in :i "blind tiger" at Pound
Gap Inst Thursday, in which John
and Taze Kail and Arch ami Henry
Leap opposed Henry Sutherland,
Korry laing and Henry Campbell,
revolvers were drawn and two li ti ii -
clred shots exchanged. Tazo Hall
lind Henry Leap were killed ami
Dave Sutherland anti Henry ('amp
bell mortally wounded. Arch Leap
?url Henry Sullivan were slightly
MISTRIAL IN MEARES CASE.
Judge Buchanan Indulgos in a Tirado Against
After remaining in the room from
Wednesday afternoon at f> o'clock
until Friday morning at ll, the jury
charged with the bastardy case
against Professor Meares, reported a
mistrial. A correspondent, giving
an account of thc trial, says that
Judge Buchanan called the jury out
of their rooms at 11 o'clock Friday
morning, and when they announced
that there was no possibility of reach
ing a verdict, he began to speak to
the jurymen in a very novel and
plain-spoken manner in regard to the
case. Their inability to agree, lie
stated, was a maller of much regret,
and nothing brought so much re
proach upon thc administration of
justice as a mistrial. The jury had
spent throe or four days in hanging
out, and had cost tho county about
$4f>0, whereas even a verdict against
the defendant would have put upon
him a bond for only $300; that thc
jury had spent moro money by hang
ing on and fooling around than the
amount that would have been ex
acted by a conviction.
"You, gentlemen," said the.judge,
"probably will bo the first to speak
lightly of courts and to say that jus
tice cannot bo golton ; that tho law
yers fool around in the courts and
delay justice, wdiilo the truth of the
matter is the lawyers, tho solicitor
and tho court do their duty, ami you
men have not tho manhood to do
yours. Von have no ono but your
selves to blame for tho miscarriage
of justice. Tho State ami the de
fendant are entitled to a verdict and
you have acted like a set of school
boys "locked up three or four days,
when you should have agreed upon
a verdict. Il" the public would culti
vate a higher standard of obligation
and men were to understand thal
when they take an oath to do their
duty, they should do it honestly in
stead of frittering their time away
and vascilatingby reason of a feeling
of kindness for a neighbor, or some
fancied thing in the evidence, more
exact justice would bo done, and
there would be no moro reproach
upon tho admiuistr. lion of justice
through the neglect of thc jurors to
do their duty. They seem to think
it is a slight of baud thing when they
should go on a jury. A man taking
an oath to perform a duty on the
jury should meet his obligations as
ho would his promise to pay a note.
Jurors don't do it, and because of
the fact, that we have to have jurors
to try this sort of cases, justice is
"1 want to burn that idea into you,
gentlemen, that justice has miscar
ried in this case, because you did not
have tile manhood to carry out tho
law and tho obligation you look.
And I want you to know I know it,
and I want every juror to under
stand when he comes into tilt! court
whore I am to preside, and takes an
obligation tn decide a case and does
not do it, that I intend to tell him
about it and make it hot for him.
"Another jury may have to go
over this same thing because of your
lack of manhood and nothing else.
It is because you all did not under
stand your own oath and did not
keep it to decide this case accord
ing to the evidence. I want you
to understand that I know it and
everybody else knows it, and when
it becomes a matter of opprobrium
for juries to make a mistrial every
body w ill reproach thom for it, be
cause they dill tint keep their obliga
tions the) took lo agree on a ver
dict and further the administration
of just ice."
Judge ?md Jury.
The Vorkville Kwpiircr, comment
ing on thc foregoing, wisely says :
The very remarkable tongue-lash
ing which His IlonorO. W.l bichan nu
administered to thc Spartanbiirg
jury, which made a mistrial in tho
.Meares case the other day, will no
doubt receive moro or less considera
tion tit the hands of the people id' the
State. It ought to.
According to tho. Spartanbiirg
Herald, which made tho report of
.lodge Buchanan's remarks, repro
duced elsewhere, the jury is under
stood to have been fight for convic
tion ami four for acquittal ; bul this
fact has no legitimate connection
with Judge Ituclianan's remarks,
which are only to be considered as a
tirado of abuse against 1*2 men for
failure to agree upon a verdict. On
their fare, at first glance, the re
mark, of Judge lluehanaii appear to
have been generally 'he well-directed
outburst of a righteous indignation
against mon whom ho had reason to
believe wen; wilfully conspiring to
detent the of justice , bul upon
Makes the food more del
ROYAL OAKINO POW(
tl moro onreful investigation, from
tho viewpoint that should have boen
occupied by his honor, wo observe
wdiat appears to bo a total miscon
ception of the functions of a judge,
and thc unwarranted abuso of a little
brief authority in incompetent
There aro strong arguments in
favor of Judge Hudson's proposition
to allow niuo members of a jury to
render a verdict. Ono of these is
that while il maj' not bo impossible
to lind ono man on any jury wdio is
willing to make n mistrial, it is more
difficult lo lind two and still moro
difficult to lind throe. Hut this is
not tho present law. Kaub juror
arrives at an individual opinion, and
thc agreement of twelve individual
opinions makes tho verdict. It is
admissible for a juror, who is not
absolutely satisfied as to tho facts,
to yield his lack of conviction to the
conviction of the majority ; but it is
not right for a minority juror lo sur
render well-grounded conscientious
convictions to tho, majority opinion
merely for tho sake of arriving at a
verdict. Tho minute ho would do
such a thing he would perjure him
self. Therefore, under the present
system, mistrials niusl necessarily
occur, and if they occur honestly
and this must bo assumed in the
absence of almost impossible proof
to tho contrary-they aro as legiti
mate as a verdict. This is in accord
ance with statute laws.
Wc shall not undertake to say
whether it ?1 probable that those
four "not guilty" jurors wore hold
ing out because of a desire to protect
Professor Meares, for notwithstand
ing oaths or any earthly considera
tions, such things aro nut only possi
ble ; but they aro often done. And
In-re truly is tho weakness of not
only the jury system; but of all
human justice--tho weakness of
humanity. I>ut what right-con
crete or abstract-has Judge l?u
chnnnn to assume that those jurors
are perjurers ? If he actually know
them to be perjurers, then il would
have been his duty to have said so
and told how and why he knew. In
deed ho should have instructed the
solicitor to lay the matter before
tin'grand jury. Under thc circum
stances, although protected by his
office from being held to account for
his humiliating language, he had no
legal or moral right to indulge in its
We are not speaking hero with
undue feeling ; hut are trying to
look nt the case in all of its bearings.
Then do not let us lose sight of the
fact that it was not at the minority
jurors that the judge's remarks were
alone directed. The whole jury
was accused of lack of manhood.
Those who wanted to convict and
those who wanted to acquit wore put
into the same category. According
to Judge buchanan's peculiar ideas,
if the minority was not willing to
surrender to the majority than tho
majority should have surrendered| io
the minority, for after all the issue
was not justice, the character and
reputation of plaintiff or defendant
bul merely a verdict. His state
ineiits leave no escape from this con
And we are given a plain intima
tion that the idea of tho verdict was
to save expense. Wc are told that
the cost ol' the trial was ?100, and
thti fact is cited lo us that even if
the defendant had been convicted,
he would have only been placed
under a &I00 bond. According to
the judge, then, after all, the princi
pal issue was one of dollars and
cents -not that the county should
st and ready to banki Dpt itself in order
to insure justice to its citizens ; hut
that jurors should only look lo the
cheapest way out. In its application
to our judiciary machinery thc idea
is certainly new and novel ; but per
haps, after all, it, is not allogcthci
inapplicable to thc especial ease of
Judge buchanan. Fron thc record
he has made as a presiding Judge on
the hench and under the review of
the supremo court, hundreds ol' law
yers all over the Stale 'having lone
since como to the conclusion thal, hi."
place could ho heller lilied by some
one ol' the best x.'!(IO magistrates, ami
in our opinion it. would he a capita
iden if the next (?eneral Assembly,
would institute some kind ol' ;
change. We do not suggest, ol
course, the promotion of a fcoOl
magistrate; hut wo would like ti
seo ihe substitution of a well
equipped lawyer who is capable o
properly Idling the place.
licioiis and wholesome
)ER CO., HEW YORK.
Swiss and American Roads.
S wit /.erl and (says Otto Dorner) is
reported ns possessing the very best
highways in tho world. She is hy
no means a wealthy country, hut
her people are thrifty and economi
cal. lier form of govorment is con
sidered by many to he farther in ad
vance in matters of public economy
than any other country on the globe,
and tho administration of her public
affairs is conducted with the same
thrift, the same intelligence, tho
same care and the same economy
which distinguishes her citizens.
It is generally supposed that the
Swiss people have had hundreds of
years in which to build their high
ways, hut the fact is that, up to the
present century, no serious effort nt
road building was made in that
country. The I Tn i ted Slates Consul
nt Morgen, Mr. Lyle T. Adams, in
his official report, explains that the
first, great construction of highways
was begun in the linn' of Napoleon,
originating with a system of moiin
' lain roads, and gradually developing,
by IS'.lii, into n net-work of stone
\ roads which covered all the count!' .
Thc lesson taught by tho roads oi
j Switzerland is that thc best of pul
lie highways may bo built without
great expense, without overloading
the country with debt, and without
burdening thc citizens with excessive
j taxes. Country highways in Switz.
j orland have not been left to petty
local authorities distributed tiver the
land, but have largely been placed
in thc hands of a central authority
! Hoad building is conducted by men
' wdio have made a scientific study of
I civil engineering, and its economical
' and financial side is looked after by
men who are experts in that field.
Mr. Geo. L. Catlin, the United
States Consul at Zurich has said:
I "It may with safety bo stated that
; m no country in the world is tho
construction of roadways carried out
with more scientific skill and thor
oughness than in Switzerland. Tho
i public highways of the canton of
Zurich are models in every respect."
Let us make a comparison between
i Swiss highways and those of our
: own republic. There wc lind tho
i construction and maintenance! of
roads in the hands of the Cantons,
and the work in charge of profes
sional engineers. In our own coun
try, roads are built almost entirely
by the local town authorities. This
' system has become so firmly rooted
in our country that most farmers
have no conception of a road tax
I other than a local town tax which
they must pay. In most of thc
Stales in this country one-half or
more of the State taxes ure paid by
I the large cities, and just so soon as
the farmer realizes that one-half or
j more of a Stale road tax would be
I paid by the cities, he will bo enthu
siastically in favor of State road
taxes. People in the cities want
good country roads, for the sake of
1 their indirect benefits to them, and
! will gladly aid in their construction.
Thc aims of the National League for
I Good I ?cads, and of thc League of
I American Wheelmen, in their efforts
? for better highways, is lo relieve the
! farmer of the responsibility an'1 ex
pense of looking after country
roads, to place their construction
j upon a scientific and economical
j basis, and to charge their cost to the
j ent ire population, under a system of
I linancc which will not bo a burden
and will be fair to nil concerned.
.Much progress has been made in
this direction in thc Lastern States,
; through the combined efforts of far
mers and wheelmen, aided hy the
good roads O'.ei.ni/ations. The De
! pnrlmcnt ol Agriculture at Wash
i iugtou has done much to encourage
the change, and has published nu
merous bulletins upon thc subject.
O A. B T O Xl X .
Rpftrfl tho Ina Kind You llavo Always Boup.lil
Bignaturo /jf> \
-* . >
A Northern preacher recently said :
"There arc no newspapers in
heaven." Yep and he won't lind
'em "to burn" in 'tether place, cither.
<TJ ./V ? T7 O XX X "
Ronni tho /01119 Kimi Vc? Have Always lloup.M
-Tin . ('oemKit and t he Atlanta Twico
a Week Journal one year for only $l.f>0.
Call at. this o Alco and let us talk the mal.
tor over with you and we will give you a
mun plo copy of each paper.