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BY ?JA YNES, SUE LOU, SM ITU ? ST KO IC.
WALHALLA, SOUTH CAROLINA, AUGUST 24. 100O.
ESTABLISHED IN 1849.
COUNTY SEAT OF OCONE
Originally Settled by the Cei
milK TOWN OF WALHALLA is fifty y oars old, and
J- mi August 28 and 2?! it celebr?los thu Sonii-Centonninl
i?f its rounding, There is something in human naturo
which dolightS lo recur to the past and do honor tinto those
to whom honor is due. Tho 1*0 is, perhaps, no event whose
anniversary we so willingly join in commemorating ns that
which gives birth lo a community, a Slate or a nation. In
such a festival tho liner and bettor feelings of the human
heart are enlisted.
Prompted by these feedings, hundreds from distant towns,
cities and States have assembled to celebrate tho fiftieth
anniversary ol' (he founding of Walhalla and to perpetuate
the memory of the pioneer settlors. This event will mark
an important epoch in the history of the town, which nestles
at the font of the Blue Ridge.
The settlement hero had its Origin in tho minds of certain
enterprising Gorman citizens of Charleston, S. C., a little
over fifty years ago. The leading spirits were John A.
Wagener, Christopher K. Soeba, Claus liullwinkel, J. C.
ITenckcl and Jacob Schroder, all of whom were residents of
Charleston. They organized the Cern?an Colonization
Society, ol' Charleston, and had associated with ti amselvos
as charter members tho following well-known Gharlcstonians
ol* that day, viz :
.11)11 N A. WAOI0NI0K. .1IJ bl US M. OSTKNDORFF,
JACOb SO.IIUODKU, ll. ( i I SS Kl,,
OKA US HU I.KW IN K Kb, .1. U. H. OKAUSSKN,
.1. ll. WU11K.MANN, ll KUMA N UK KM KU.
JOHN M. II KNOKKN, F. KA M PK,
D. VON KIT/KN. .1. D. M KY KR,
COU I) OTT KN, UKOUOK ll. KOUIIKU,
KIM KU OAFFKLMANN, WILLIAM LA DIO Y.
(IKOKOK COKDIOS, K. NlllAUS,
D1KDU1CII lil KM ANN, HKNUY BA?1NTOK,
JOHN 0. VON I,KHK, IIKNKV I'. TIloDK,
11 KN KV MKYKIt, ll KUM AN KNT010,
.1 II. KA NOK, .1. II. KA bli,
JOHN KKK IN I1I0OK . MAUTIN W ION DKKK KN,
CH KISTOI'HKK F. SKKUA, ll KUM AN FA J KN,
LOUIS UKMUODT, OA lt ST KN W IO N I) KL K IO N,
FUKDKU1CK WIKBKNS, (IKOKOK ll. D. CKA.MIOK,
ll. ll. MULLKK, (IIOKIIAKD K HOOK IO,
FHKDKIUOK SOIIULKKN, JOHN 0. IIKNOKKL.
The success of their entorprize was assured by the pur
chase of :i large boundary ol" fertile land, wei' watered and
adapted to agricultural purposes. They sought a healthy
climate, rich land .-iud good waler, and, after sending out
dill'oroni exploring expeditious to various places, they (?nally
found here (he desired natural conditions and resources so
well suited (o (he establishment ol' their colony. Accord
ingly, on December - I, 1849, a large purchase ol' land was
made in this section ol' (ho then Bickens District. On that
day Kev .Joseph Gresham, ol' West 15nion, one of the largest
landed proprietors ol' the up-country, sold io Christopher l?\
Seeba, .John A. Wagoner i ('laus liullwinkol, .John C. ITonckol
and .Jacob Schroder, as trustees of ihe Gorman Colonization
Soc i et) ni* Charleston, 17,851) ocres of land for $27,000. The
lille was approved and the deed drawn by thal eminent
jurist ol' his day, the late Governor IL I'". Terry, who was
then practicing al the Greenville liar. Ile was recognized
as one of the mos! distinguished and successful lawyers of
the State. The purchase included (wo tracts, known as the
H igh Kails ami Wost Uiiion tracts, comprising ?,<SSu and
ll,i)70 acres respectively. The former was surveyed and
plaited by Tyre li. Mauldin, deputy surveyor, on December
If?, Ism, and Ibo lader by M. S. McCoy, deputy surveyor,
I >ooember 22, ls IO.
TliO silo for tho low ii nf Walhalla w as selected near the
western boundary of the West Union tract. The site and
general plan were determined upon by tho ollicers of the
Society, and under their instructions Ibo survey omi original
pilli "I' the lown was made by Tyre IL Mauldin, in .Jan
The li|*s| house within ihi' corporate limits was built Ly
the lalo Died rich liiemann in tho year 1850. Ii was an old*
fashioned Ino cabin and Occupied the sile ol' tin- large t WO
Story traine building ol' lifter years, famed far and near as
lt was not long until the arrival nf other pioneer settlers,
and this soon became a distinctive German colony, The
houses svero originally of primitive design and built princi
pally alono Main street. In the course of lime m re
substantial houses were built, and, by reason of the natural
contour the IOWII beean lo develop along the gentle undil
la jig ridge fruin F.a-i to Wist. Main street grew to an
ti isual length, and thus did Walhalla early become known
a the "Shoe-Siring Town." This, however, cannot now
be said of ii, for ii lins sleodily grown in width as well as
length, until to-day lhere are inanv elegant residences and
" happy hoines " on every si reel w ithin the corporate limits,
which are one milo S<|U0l'n. The ^ I oies a nd business houses,
though, are slid located along Main stree), which is I'OCOg
ni/.ed to he one of the most beautiful streets that aiiv town
Y, GROWTH AND
rman Colonization Society of
who Do Its Business?
or city can boast of. It is ono hundred and twenty foot w ido,
and tito groator part adorned with throe rows of sh ado trees.
The sito selected tor tho (own lies just four miles south of
tito Stuinphouso Mountain, a spur of thc grcal Bluo Ridge
range, lt was not chosen with ;t view to being tho county
scat; but when Picketts District was divided by tho Stato
Constitutional Convention in 1808, into Oconeo and Picketts
counties, Walhalla becatno the capital of Ocoueo County, lt
has hoon ascertained by subsequent surveys to he within (wo
miles of the geographical center ol' the county.
The town was named "Walhalla" on Mareil 8, 1850.
Thu:-' it is fifty years old, and appropriately celebrates ils
Scnii-Ccntonnial. The word is borrowed from Scandinavian
mythology and signifies "Paradise of the Clods,"or "Happy
Home." The idea seems to he that ol' the abode of mighty
warriors, enjoying the fruits of many hard-fouglll victories,
as they recline in tho shade of the (rees, in beautiful gardens,
beside limpid streams, where each drains or loaves his bowl
precisely as ho fools inclined. The name maybe written
down tis a synonym for a placo ol' sweet rest ?nd health
giving refreshment. Could lite (own have been moro appro
priately named? We think not ; for Walhalla has long
since become a synonym for the beautiful in nature.
Having been planted by tho Germans, it remained almost
exclusively a Cern?an colony for oightoon years. After tho
Court House was removed herc from Old Pickens, in 1808,
there was a gradual influx of American citizens, Tho two
nationalities were on the bos! ol' terms from the first, and it
was nol long until (hey were about equal in nu mho rs, wealth
and i nfl nonce. Fraternal relations were cherished between
them ; but this mixing and intermingling of (?crinan ami
American residents in (he course ol' a few years resulted in
Americanizing (he habits, language ami customs ol' the
community to a largo degree. The difference ol' nationality
is now known mainly in name.
All of (he original thirty-seven settlors have passed over
the river lo rest under the shade d' thc frees in Ibo Paradise
above, except three, Capt C. V. Serba, ol' Walhalla, and
,J. C. II. (Haussen and .1. II. W?hrmann, ol' Charleston.
Their descendants may now speak ano) her language, bul
they still maintain (he habits of thril'l and industry which
characterized their fathers.
BUILDING TIIK TOWN.
In 1850 the largo (raels ol'
land above described were vast
primeval forests. Tho axe had
to be laid at (he pool Of tho (rec,
the forest felled, fields cleared
and shelter built for man ami
boast. Tho beginning was neces
sarily hard and slow. Tho near
est markets were Allions, Ga.,
and Hamburg and Anderson,
S. G. Those were the days
of stage coaches for travel
and wagons for fra Hie. The
whole country was nol (hen
one network of railroad, tele
graph and telephone lines. The
consummation of business trans
actions was necessarily lardy
and tedious ; such delays ?0-day
would madden us with impa
tience. Hut those sturdy pioneers
did not attempt to crowd a week
into a day; (heirs was the
motto, "Learn lo labor and lo
wait. ' ' A nd labor I hey did ;
well ami faithfully were (heir
A ftor the silo for ( he (own had
been laid off the remainder ol'
those largo tracts was sub
divided into small farms ranging
from fifty acres upwards. Thc
town lots and farms were sold
and apportioned among tho
members of the Society accord*
ino; t0 the amount of money
paid into the treasury by catii
purchaser respectively. Literally
they paid their money and took
their choice. All the members
having boon first supplied with
lots and farina, much of thc
remainder was subsequent ly sold
to other partios, until finally thc
whole survey was parcelled out
and owned in fee simple by
individuals. Then began the
actual work ol' construction.
The mammoth pine and giant
oak which stood in street and
field were alike felled. In 1850
the firs! house in Walhalla was
hu ill by Diedrieh iVicmann. I(
was a rude log hut, but it served
for sheller I'm- several seasons.
Others went up in rapid succes
sion, and finally (bose primitive
huts were replaced by commodi
ous and substantial buildings.
The sound of the hammer and
saw was constantly heard ; the
lown grew steadily in popula
tion und business, until by tho
break ine-out of the war in ?801
tho inhabitants numbered over
five hundred, and there were
several stores, shops and old
limo bar-rooms, lt is commonly
reported until this day thal at
one time there were seventeen
licensed bar-tenders. Thus il
would appear that in vain was
the appeal 'nade to (?cn. Wago
ner by that venerable local
Methodist preacher, Kev. Tyre
li. Maiildin, w ho lilied the dual
enpnoity in his day of preacher
and surveyor, and was good in
both, When in one of his lei tors
to (?en. Wagoner, bc closes by
expressing the hope that tho
General would induce his people
to fake an inlercsl in the Irm
?u i'll II fi ru UKI .
A charier was not obtained
until ?855. In that year appli
cation was made to thc Legisla
ture foi- a c'n;t rt er, and on Decem
ber 10th. 1855. an Act was
approved duly incorporating tho
town, and authorizing the elec
tion of a Town Council consist
ing of an Intendant and six
Wardens. The Act designated
Jacob Schroder, I). Biemann and
John II. OstendoriV as managers
of tho election which was ap
pointed to be hold on thc third
Monday in January following.
Of tho three managers consti
tuted in tho Act, only two, viz,
Jacob Schroder and D. Biemann,
signed the certificate of election.
The first Town Conned was
composed of John II. OstondorlV,
Intendant, and Herman Fajen,j
Jacob Schroder, John W. F.
Thompson, Henry Bahnfge,
Herm?n Knee and John M.
Henckon, Wardens. John M.
II enricen was elected clerk of
Below we give a list of tho
members of tho respective Town
Councils to tho present time :
John II. OntomlorlT, Intendant; ll.
Knoc. J. Schroder, H. Ka jen, (i. ll.
Korbor, A. Bron necke, J. M. Mencken.
John ll. Os??iulorff, Intendant; <?.
II. Korber, J.Schroder, Krnesl Brassen,
John tl. Kruse, A. IO. Norman, I), Bie
A. bryce, Sr, (mondant; II. 0. Ko
chab,O. Kiecke,.lr, IO. brassen, M. Billi
winkel.J. Darby, J.W. K. Thompson.
J. \V. F. Thompson, Intendant; IO.
brassen. J. Schroder, ll. 6. Borium, M.
Iblllwinkol, lt. V. II. bowery, ll. (lissol.
J. W. K. Thompson, Intendant; J.
Schroder, II. Olssol, D. Biemann, IO.
brassen, ll. V.U. bowery, ll. W. Pieper.
A. K. Norman, intendant ?J. Schroder,
D. biemann, ll. BobnIge, John Kauf
mann, 0, ll. Issorlel, II. Fajen,
J. W. K. Thompson, Intendant ; ll.
W. Pieper, I), biemann, ll. (basel, IO.
brassen, ll. Kajen, H. Knee.
The minutes contain a hiatus
for the years 1804 and 1805. Il
is probable that owing to tho
exigencies of the war, then
drawing to a closo, and tho dis
organized state of civil and
municipal government, no elec
tions wero held during those
years. If this were so, tho
Council elected in 18G3 hold
over until 1806 by operation of
law. In tho lattor yoar, how
ever, we find tho Council con
stituted as follows:
John Ansel, Sr, intendant; M. Bull
w in kel, H. W. Pieper, H. Kneo.J. W. P.
Thompson, II. O. llochau, II. Stucke.
II. W. Pieper, Intendant; I). Bio
matin, A. Brenneoko, H. Knee, H.
Stucke, II. (.'<. Rochan, .1. Kaufmann.
li. S. Vanl>?viere, Intendant; lt. B.
Chambers, ll. (5. Bochan, J. W. P.
Thompson, I). Bionuinn, W. M. Woodln,
.lohn Ansel, Sr.
John Ansel, Sr, Intendant; 1). Bio
maun, 11.(5. Bochan, B. B. Chambers,
H. W. Pieper, .1. W. P. Thompson,
W. M. Woodin.
John Ansel, Sr, Intendant; W. M.
Woodin, ll. (5. Bochan, A. Taylor, A.
Brenneoko, Wesley Pitchford, li. L.
John Ansei, Sr, Intendant; (5. M.
Ynrbrough, ll. W. Pieper, A. Brenneoko,
II.Stucke. U.C. Bochan, M. Bullwinkel.
C. IO. Watson, Intendant ; G. M. Ynr
hrotlgh, A. Taylor, Wm Korher, J.
Kaufmann, C. P. Seeba, W. C. Keith.
A. Brennecke, Intendant ; .1. J. Nor
ton, J. W. flollemnn, H. W. Pieper,
II. C. Uoehail, W. Pitchford, M. Bull
winkol, ll. B. Schroder.
A. Brennecke, Intendant; I). Bie
maiin, H. C. BoChatl, J. W. K. Thomp
son, ll. W. Pieper, J. 1). Vernor, M.
S. P. Kinard, Intendant;.!. IT. Sligh,
ll. (!. Bochan, J. H. Watson, J. Kauf
mann, T. M. Adair, I). Biemann.
.1. I). Vernor, Intendant; C. 1,. Kidd,
C. Wendelken, I*. V. Waller, A. Bryce,
Jr, A. Brennecke, W. A. Addington.
J. W. Striming, Intendant; (). Won
dolkon, A. Brennecke, C. 1.. Reid, I).
Riemann, P. V. Waller, S. K. Dendy.
.1. D. Venier, intendant; 1). Rie
mann, A. Brennecke,.!. II. Sligh, (J. K.
Watson, C. Wondolkon, 0. L. Held.
O. L. Reid,Intendant; W. Pitchford,
J. E. Hendrix, D. Biemann, A. Bren
neoko, 0. Wendelkon, O. E. Watson.
D. Biemann, Intondant ; W.O. Ervin,
A. Fisoheasor.O. L. Reid, J. E. Hendrix,
O. Wendelkon, W. Pitchford.
J. 1). Veiner, Intendant; J. W. Strib
ling, D. Biemann, O. Wendelkon, J. J.
Ansel, A. Fischossor, O. L. Reid.
A. Brm necke, Intendant ; W. J. Strip
ling, J. P. Mickler, Dr. L. B. Johnson,
G. Wendelken, J. W. K. Thompson,
J. J. Ansol.
H. 1). A. Biemann, Intendant; J. 1).
Venter, V. L. Norman, J. O. Mickler,
C. I.. Reid, J. J. Ansel, O. Wendelken.
.1. 1). Verner, Intendant; O. L. Heid,
II. 1). A. Biemann, O. Wendelkon, J. W.
F. Thompson, .1. Kaufmann, ll. W.
J. 1). Verner, Intendant; J. W. F.
Thompson, H. 1). A. Biemann, J. Kauf
mann, O. W. Wiecking, A. L. Roberts,
O. I.. Reid.
J. 1). Vernor, Entendant; .1. W. F.
Thompson, II. 1). A. Biemann, O. W.
Wiecking, A. !.. Roberts, Cl. I.. Reid,
J. 1). Vernor, Intendant; J. W. F.
Thompson, II. 1). A. Biemann, C. W.
Wiecking, A. 1.. Roberts, J. Kaufmann,
G. I.. Ueid.
J. 1). Verner, Intendant ; J. Kauf
mann, J. W. F. Thompson, O. W.
Wiecking, H. 1). A. Hiemann, A. I..
Roberts, O. L. Reid.
0. W. Wiecking, Intendant ; A. L,
Roberts, J. W. F. Thompson, J. Kauf
mann, ll. 1). A. Hiemann, V. I.. Nor
man, C. L. Heid.
I). H. Darby, Intendant; O. H. Heid,
H. I). A. Hiemann, J. W. F. Thompson,
O. II. Schumacher, I). Oolkers, G. W.
1). H. Darby, Intendant ; C. H. Heid,
II. D. A. Biemann, F. 10. Harrison
J. W. F. Thompson, 1). Oolkers, O. II
ll. A. II. (?ihson and J. J. Ansel, In
tendants; W. J. Brandet t, C. W. Pitch
ford, J. W. llolleman, \V. 1.. Vernor
H. D. A. Hiemann, H. P. Torluine.
H. D. A. Hiemann, Intendant; W. L
Verner, J. M. Baldwin, W. J. Brandet!
H.W.Pieper, O. II. Schumacher, D
J. W. llolleman, Intendant; O. S
Reid, .T Thompson, W. H. Vernor
J. W. Bell, H. F. Kaufmann, John Vol
J. W. llolleman, Intendant; C. 1.
Heid, W. H. Verner, John Von llndeln
John M. Baldwin, Jas. Thompson, R.K
('. W. Pitchford, Intendant ; W. 1
Verner, C. I.. Reid, Jas. Thompson
J. M. Baldwin, John Von II adeln, K. F
ll. A. II. Gibson, Intendant; W. I
Vernor, treasurer; Jas. Tbompsoi
?derk; J. M. Ward, J. M. Baldwil
H. F. Kaufmann, f. A. l?oilomon,
ll. A. II. Gibson, Intendant; Ja
Thompson, clerk and treasurer; W. 1
Verner, ll.~I. Weaver, (!. W. Pitebfort
A. P. Orisp, F. S. llolleman.
F. S. llolleman, Intendant; Ja
Thompson, clerk and treasurer; CV
Pitchford, W. H. Vernor, A. P. Gris]
W. S. Frazier, J. J. Thodo.
V. S. llolleman, Intendant; Ja
Thompson, clerk and treasurer; G. V
Pitchford, W. I.. Veiner, A. P. Gris
W. S. Frazier, J. M. Baldwin.
M A DK TIIIC COUNTY S KA'I
Hy an ordinance of thc Const
tutional Convention, done in eoi
vent ion, at thc city of Charlo
ton, on January 29th, 180
I'ickons District ssas divid?
into Oconcc and Pickons cou
tic?. A hoard of special cot
missioners was therein raise
consisting of Wesley Pi tell for
W. E. Holcombe, Bry Fret we
M. F. Mitchell and Dr. 0. fl
Doyle, Who wero di rec tod "
seloct a propor site, and loea
and erect a Court House and j?*
for Oconoc County, which lot
tioti shall bo oither tito town
Walhalla or some point on 1
Blue Ridge Railroad bet we
that place and I'erryvillo
After due consideration ll
board of live commission!
unanimously made the local i
at Walhalla. They porch os
lots and had the present Cot
HotlSO and jail erected in oho*
ence to thc mandate of the on
nance, and made report of tin
fiction to tho next Conceal Asse
bl y. Theil* action was ratifie
and thus Walhalla bocamo t
county seat of Oconoo. Tl
added much to its importan
and gave quito an impetus to
progross and development. Tho
current of trade and travel was
turned more and moro in this
direction, and Walhalla became
the natural distributing point
for a largo section of territory
lying to tho north and wost,
extending far into tho States of
North Carolina, Goorgia and
Tennessee. Her merchants en
joyed an extensive trade, and
several became quite wealthy.
Among the most prominent
merchants and business mon of
former years were :
1). Bicmannn, H. D. A. Bieniann,
H. W. Pieper, Dr A. E. Norman,
0. H. lasertel, J. P. Mickler,
J. S. Bauknight, Wesley Pitchford,
H. Fajen, A. Bryce, Sr,
U. H. Korber, U. Y. H. Lowery,
B. L. Lowery, j, M. Hencken,
II. Bahntge, C. P. Sooba,
ll. S. VanDiviero, K. B. Chambers,
C. 10. Watson, C. A. C. Waller,
.1. ll. Oldham, C. W. Yarbrough,
C. Voigt, C. L. Reid,
D. Oelkers, T. B. Whitmire,
S. K. Dendy, W. C. Perry,
D. Froneherger, J. B. Watson,
J. C. Carter, .1. H. Oatondorff,
.1. ll. Sligh, I. D. Fincannon,
V/. T. Heid, M. W. Coleman,
Dr L. B. Johnson, Dr J. W. Spearman,
Dr B. W. Bell, J. P. Noibuhr,
John Ansel, Sr, Henry Stucke,
A. Taylor, II. 0. Sligh,
J. II. Collins, H. Gissel,
A. Brennecke, ' L. D. Brennocke,
J. M. Lee, F.O.Ritter,
M. H. Bryce.
The business men of Walhalla
have always enjoyed the confi
dence of the public. By honest,
fair dealing they have drawn
and held a full share of tho
county's tr ado. Those at the
helm to-day are true to the
teachings and trad:''ons of tho
past. It is proper in this con
nection to pass in brief review
the present condition of tho
town. There is no more appro
priate way than by recording
the name and work of those who
are doing its business.
MK ItOH A NTS AND DRUGGISTS.
The merchants now doing
business are C. W. Pitchford
Company, (?arter & Company,
CW. Bauknight, C. G. Jaynes,
V. Li. Norman, G. A. Norman,
L. Bloom, M. Saul, W. H.
Reeder, J. I. Smith, Dean &
Karlo, G. II. Schumacher, H. C.
Busch, .1. E. Hendrix, A. Fisch
csser, .1. J. Ansel, Mrs. E. M.
Cud worth, Mrs. W. P. Nash,
Dr. J. W. Bell and J. H. Darby.
Tt is probable that the largest
merchandise business is done by
the C. W. Pitchford Company.
C. W. Pitchford is at the head
ol' the linn, and, while still a
young man, he has achieved
remarkable success. He served
an apprenticeship in the store
of the late J. P. Mickler, having
clerked for him from early boy
hood. Twelve years ago he
began business on his own ac
count, and his trade grew stead
ily from tho first. His business
increased in volume and popu
larity and he soon occupied a
most enviable position. Three
years ago Messrs. S. N. Pitch
ford, W. 1). Moss and G. M.
Ansel, who had previously
clerked for him, became mem
bers of tho firm, A joint stock
company was organized, with
$10,000 capital, and a charter
obtained under tho name of tho
C. AV. Pitchford Company. Tho
annual volume of their business
ranges from $50,000 to $00,000.
Two years ago C. W. Pitchford
eroded the largest brick build
ing in (own for store room and
The firm of Carter & Co. is
composed of J. Carter and W. J.
Neville. Mr. ('arter is an expe
rienced and successful merchant.
His father,tho Into J.C.Carter,
ran a store here for many years.
W. J. Neville is a young man
of line business qualifications,
They carry a large stock of gen
eral merchandise and do an
annual business varying from
$10,000 to $50,000.
C. W. Bauknight is a success
ful young merchant. Ho is a
son of the late J. S. Bauknight
and inherits his father's busi
ness tact. Nine years ago, when
only eighteen years old, ho began
(Continued on Fourth Page.)