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title: 'Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, September 12, 1900, Image 1',
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TO THINK OWN SKLK BK THUK AND IT MUST FOLLOW AS TUB NIGHT TH? ?AY, THOU OANS'T NOT THEN BK PALSK TO ANY MAN.
BY JAYNE8, Slit:LOK, SMITH & STUCK.
WALHALLA, SOUTH CAROLINA* SEPT. 12. 1000.
NEW SERIES, NO. 128.-VOLUME lil.-NO. 87.
OUR COTTON SEED PRODUCT.
Tho Seed Arc Now of bul Little Lo s Import
ance than thc Lint.
Our cotton scott product is of Lu?
littlo less importance to tito producer
than the lint. While the latter is
strictly co olin ed to its money value i
in the open markets tho former pos
sesses other important values asido
from that of money. For feeding
ami fertilizing purposes on lite farm
eotton soed aro mote valuable to tho
farmer than if sold, converted into
cash and other materials purchased
to take their place. There is but
one element of cotton seed which is
useless for feeding and fertilizing,
?md that is the oil.
The oil, however, possesses rt high
value for commercial pul posos, and a
farmer makes no mistake in allowing
that part of his eotton seed product,
to go upon the market, lint few
know the true value of their seed,
and it is lo throw some light upon
the subject that this article was
written. Tho suggestions which I
shall offer are timely, in view bf the
fact that the season for marketing
the colton crop is now opening.
Whatever fads eau be given in
regard to the seed should now be
ma'" ., in order that every utan may
be able to intelligently decide what
is best to be done. That, the usual
plan of rushing the seed on the mar
ket and selling them at whatever
price the mills may oller is not only
unbusinesslike, but suicidal for the
seller, is a question which I hardly
deem necessary lo argue. That we
should investigate ami lind out the
true value of this important tann
product, and, if sold, demand and
enforce the payment of its lair value
is the question for solution.
COMMKKCIAI. VAI.UH.S AT PKKSHXT.
It is well to know at tho outset
j i ii! I, wi) nt by-products are contained
in a ton of seed, and what their val
ues are in the open market after
having been separated nt the mills.
One ton ol' 2,(HM) pounds of colton
seed, or 60$ bushels, when treated
at tho oil mills will yield 7"2b pounds
of meit!, 1,OOO pounds ol' hulls, linters,
etc., and 'J 7 ; ? pounds ol* oil, or 117
gallons. These products from ii loti
of seed are (ploted in tho inarki',
to-day as follows :
7'20 pounds meal al $20 per ton. '.' 12
1,000 pounds hulls and linters at
$10.50 per lon. 5 25
:>7 gallons of oil at *!."' couts. 12 '..?">
Total market value al present..?27 02
These ligures represen! the selling
prices nt the mills and include tho
proiits on each item.
if the market, then, this season
should open as low ns #112 per ton, or
IS cents per bushel, the mills would
have a margin of * I?. 7 li still left, out 1
of which to pay cost of working bal
ance as a profit on tho business. The
actual cost of converting alon of
seed into ils different products is not
heavy, but say if is IO percent of
the total selling price of I lie different
elements combined, Tliis would
still leave *l'.!.xd out of which tb pay
freight, and credit up the balance as
a profit. Where seed are delivered
lo the mills in wagons lhere is noth
ing to bo dedin ted for freight, con?
seqticntly thc margin of profit is
At ??t?(I per (on foi' the seed, Ol' ??O
cents per bushel, lin- noils will -dill
have a margin ol' ?f> per ton profil,
less the cost of freight, which could
only be determined l>v the distance
hauled from ilia shipping station.
Now, if the fanners insist upon sell
ing their seed, let them hase the
selling price upon thc ligures here
with submitted so long as they stand
as at present.
<)ii this basis of values it Would
he decidedly host io exchange tho
seed with tho mills, receiving in re
turn for tho seed meal and hulls,
leaving the oil in the hands ul' the
mills for supplying the commercial
lt ls fi well established fact thal
the cotton seed oil mills ol' the coin
try Combino each season and li\ upon
a price for all the seed offered thom
on thc market. Tho contracts he
e Sell Y
3W IN MEN'S HA'
LF OR OUTING
3 A COMPLETE ]
IE M ANUF ACT ?B
HT THROUGH. !
tween tho mills on this question ?ir?
binding, and any variat ion Lom fi\od
prices is attended hy penalties in
dicted lipon the mill making tho
chango without authority. This
agreement between the mills is gen
erally understood to be made in the
interest of their business and lo pre
vent wdiat might result in losses to
them by reckless competition. Hut
whatever juice the mills agree upon
should be no settlement of the value
of our seed. The producers should
inform themselves as to thc true
market value of their products and
then insist upon the payment of a
fair price by the buyers. If tho
mills are not willing to pay a fair
price, then hold the seed off the
market, and if necessary utilize them
in other ways equally as profitable.
PLANTATION oil, M I U.S.
Hy erecting small plantation oil
mills of live tons daily capacity the
farmers eau press the oil out of their
seed and sell it direct to the larger
mills, keeping the meal and hulls at
home, and make as much money out,
of the sale of the oil as they have
boen heretofore receiving for the
whole ton of seed from thc mills.
This is not thc only advantage to
bc gained by this system of handling
our seed in thc future. If thc farm
ers keep the meal at home there will
no longer bc any need for buying
ammoniatcd guanos, and the Vir
ginia and Carolina Trust Company
will cease to monopolize the fertilizing
industry of the South. With the
cotton seed meal kept on the farms
every funner cnn pu rel) ase his phos
phate ?mil potash, mixing thc differ
ent elements in proper proportion,
ami the cost of the commercial fer
tilizers in Georgia will bc reduced
more than KM! per cent.
Wherever the small plantation oil
mills have been in operation they
have given perfect satisfaction, and
have uniformly paid a dividend of 25
per cont on thc invoseo" t. It may
be said further that thc larger oil
mills would prefer buying the crude
oil lo the seed, as they now take all
ol' that product from the smaller
mills. The great obstacle in the way
ol' our Soul hern farmers' progress is
their general ignorance of the value
of their money products, and the
slack and unbusinesslike methods
thoy employ in disposing of 'heir
products in tho open market:!.
Ki: Kl i INO AND 11:1:1 M.izi so.
For feeding and fertilizing pur
poses our cotton seed are even more
valuable than selling them to tho
mills St high prices. A ton Of cot
ton .-ce 1 and a lon of first class bran
are of about thc same feeding value.
The annual colton seed crop is esti
mated at 1,600,000 tons. Valuing a
lon of seed at the usual market price
ol' $10 per ton, ami we lind thc feed
ing value of the crop to be $45,000,
000. With nitrogen al 14 couts,
phosphoric acid at 6 cents and pot
ash at I cents, we have thc mammal
value ol' the cmp, amounting to $49,
305,000^ making ti totol annual value
to the farmers, when thc product is
fed al home to live stock and the
manure is preserved, the sum of
ll' the crop is soid iii thc markets
10 oil mills al the usual price of $10
poi" toll, We receive only $15,000,000,
sustaining a net loss of about $60,.
(1(111,1)1111. Now, if the seed arc ex
changed with the mills and only the
011 sold, or il' that element is pressed
out in neighborhood mills and sold
to the hi ills, tile latin?is would be
just as well off in the matter ol feed
stuff, gaining in addition thereto
about $ 10,(1,10,11110 f,,r the oil alone,
making a grand total of $1 ?1,800,000,
for tho crop, against about $45,000,
(.(in at present, under the existing
system of marketing the seed Crop.
I.INI AMI Oil..
The time cannot come too quickly
when only the lint ami oil will be
the only proceeds ol' thc colton crop
sent lo market. Why should thc
fanners sell their seed at a low price
in the fall, and buy back the meal
in high-pl'icod guanos the next
spring? The seed shipped from a
station arc hist freighted to tho mill,
HATS, WITH FA
LINE OF STAPLI
-ER. COME IN A
C. W. B
tlion tlio mont, niter it is ground, is
freighted to a distant guano factory,
mixed up into ammoniatcd fertilizo!'
and freighted back to tho same sta
tion from which it originally started.
In all probability it is Bold back to
the same fanner thc following spring
at a high price, including all the dif- 1
feront freight charges on its rounds,
to be paid by thc man wdio sohl tho
seed to the mill agent in the fall at a
low price. How can we succeed with
such management? The system must
be changed, and the sooner we (ind
out the value of our products and
introduce business methods in mar
keting, the quicker will prosperity
rot linn.-Ilarvie Jordan, in Atlanta
Does it Pny to Ibiy Cheap}
A cheap remedy for coughs and colds
is all right, hut you want something that
will relieve and cure the more severe and
dangerous results of throat and lung
troubles. What shall you do? (io to
warmer and inore regular climate? Yes,
if possible; if not possible for you, then
in either case take the ONLY remedy
that has been introduced in all civilized
countries with success in severe throat |
and lung troubles, "Hoschee's Cern?an
Syrup." It not only heals and ?lt i mu
latos tho tissues to destroy tho germ
disease, hut allays inflammation, causes
easy expectoration, gives a good night's
rest, and cures tho patient. Try ONE
bottle. Kecoinmended many years by
all druggists in the world. For sale by
J. ll. Darby, Walhalla.
Thc Scratching of Tillman.
Senator Tillman received 73,077
votes in tho recent primary. He
was scratched in the various counties
as follows :
Andei son. OVJ-I
Chester. 4 IO
t i >) loton. 104
Kai rf lob!. 1!?
Creen ville. 1,405
Creen wood. 484
I .aureus. 044
Goonoo . ?S.*?
Bri'' uu ni S^WHW*A i ^uitTMUsf^^ra^
kg I Jeni Cough Syrup. TaMCU Good. Omi
111 limo. Siild hy (Irnr'lilHlK. Iff
HON. A. SEWALL. OF MAINE, IS DEA0.
Democratic Nominee for Vice President in
I 896 Died Last Wednesday Mornini).
BATH, Mn., September fj,-Hon.
Arthur Sowall, W. J. Brynn's run
ning mate in 1800, thc millionaire
shipbuilder, who was stricken with
apoplexy Sunday, died this morn
ing at K.'SO o'clock.
Mr, Sowall expired at his summer
home, Small Point, about 12 miles
frolll this city, ?d' apoplexy, thc
st i oke having been sustained last.
Sunday. Ile wa>- lil years of age.
.Mr. Sewall has been in ! health
for sntne time, although he was not
considered roriouslj ill. Ho bad
been advised by his physicians to rest
as early as last June, and he attended
tho Democratic National Convention
in July against the advice of his doe
tor. Ile appeared to have suffered
no ill effects from the journey, how
ever, and was passing thc summ T
quietly itt Small ''oint when thc fatal
stroke seized him.
The uncoil jiousness which fol
lowed the attack continued until
NG HATS, DRESS.
NCY BANDS, AS
il HATS, DIRECT
ND INSPECT THE
ROCKEFELLER GIVES $180,000
To Atlanta Negro Collogo-Ho Derivos a I
Largo Income (rom Standard Oil Ti st.
.John 1). Rookefuller has made
Spellman Seminary a present of
&180,000. The money has been paid
into the treasury of the American
Baptist Home Mission Society of
New York, which institution has
charge of tho Atlanta negro college,
and already plans for the expendi
ture of a major portion of it havo
A new dormitory, a new dining
hall, magnificent in all its appoint
ments, a residence for tho faculty, a
hospital and a heating and light plant
will be built with thc money. Tho
hospital is under way, half tho mason
work on it having been completed.
All the new structures will bo com
pleted within a year. They will cost
in the neighborhood of iii75,000.
The splendid donation by the rich
est man in the world has not been
mado public before. Tho college
faculty here knew tho money was
given the society in Now York by a
wealthy American, but his identity
was not made known to the Atlanta
men. It was only recently that tho
real source of tho fund was discov
ered. A prominent member of the
Baptist church hero received infor
mation from New York that it was
Rockefeller who made the gift.
Mr. Rockefeller has often donated
large sums to colleges throughout thc
country, but Spellman Seminary has
thc distinction of being the recipient
of the largest donation ever mido to
any Southern college.
Plans for the new buildings have
all been drawn am! approved by the
college faculty. Work on thc struc
tures will be pushed rapidly forward
until all the buildings are finished,
and the institution will then bc, per
haps, the largest negro college in the
world.- Atlanta Journal.
Poisonous toadstools resembling
mushrooms have caused frequent deaths
this year. Ho sure to use only the
genuino. Observo the samo care when
you nsk for DoWitt's Witch Hazel Salve.
There aro poisonous counterfeits. De
Witt's is the only original Witch Hazel
Salvo, lt is a safe and certain euro for
piles and all skin diseases. .1. W. Holl.
Green Tomato Pinkies.
The St. Louis Republic gives the
following as ?i satisfactory recipe for
milking green tomato pickles:
No. 1. Half a gallon of green to
matoes, one quart of onions, six pods
of green peppers without seed, threo
tablespoonfuls of ground ginger, one
ol' cinnamon, one t ' horseradish,
grated, one of ground cloves, two of
salt. One pound and a half of sugar,
half a gallon of vinegar, one cup of
celery seed, one ounce of coriander
seed, three tablespoonfuls of turmeric;
slice tlie tomatoes and onions and lay
them in a dish, sprinkle salt over
them and let them stand an hour or
two and pour off the liquor. Then
put all tin! ingredients together in a
kettle and boil for an hour, until as
thick as marmalade.
No. 2. Out in thin slices one peek
of green tomatoes, sprinkle them with
sall and let stand a day or two, then
slice lt) or 12 onions, mix together
one small box of mustard, one ounce
of cloves, same of pimento, two ounces
of turmeric and one ounce of celery
seed. Pbt in the kettle a layer of
tomatoes, then one of onions and
spices until all are in. (/'over with
good vinegar and let simmer until tho
tomatoes look clew.
A lady passenger on the Southern
railway complained of a man who
wore a shirt waist without a coat in
the ladies1 coach. The matter was
I'cfcn eil to thc legal department of
the road, which has submitted itu
opinion, holding that "so long as ii
mau is decently dressed, whether he
has on his coat or not, his appearance
cannot be offensive to any sotisiblc
The emergency bags sent by il o.hureh
society lo Kansas soldiers in tho Philip
pines contained among the necessities a
box of Dewitt's Witch Hazel Salvo, tho
well known '. ure for piles, injuries and
skin diseases. The ladies took caro lo
obtain the Original DeWitt'a Witch
llazel Salvo knowing that all tho eoun
tei feils are worthless. ,1. W. Hell.
GEN. J. B. GOROON ON HISTORY.
He Tells of th) First Efforts of Gen. R. E.
Lee and Others to Secure Truthful Books.
Tho following lottor from Gon. J.
B. Gordon appeared in tho Sumter
Item last Saturday, and will bo of
especial Interest at this time. Mr.
Gateen is editor of tho Itotn and a
toachor of much ability and some
yoara of oxpericneo :
ATLANTA, GA., August 30,1900.
Mr. II. G. Oatcen, Sumter, S. C.
Dear Sir : Thia letter ia written at
tho auggoati' ^ of ?ovornl South Caro
Moro than twenty yearn ago 1 be
came alarmed at the use of partisan
sectional books in our achoola. With
tho approval of Gen. Hoheit 13. Lee,
and other friends, I united in an ef
fort to expel ^11 such booka from
Southern schools, and aa far aa poaai
ble fromJNorthernaehoolB alao. I gave
a number of years of earnest labor to
thia cause. It became noccaaary to
have new booka written, and mem
bers of the faculty of the University
of Virginia and other Southern au
thors, among whom waa Commodore
Maury, were employed. Tho Uni
versity Publishing Company waa or
ganized, and I travelled over the
South raising money to carry through
tho patriotic work undertaken. The
combined opposition of rich publish
ers of sectional booka, and the low
prices at which they wero offered in
certain contests, caused tho Univer
sity Publishing Company for some
years to lose money, but, even whilo
losing money, it was achieving a
great success in forcing other pub
lishing houses to chango the charac
ter of their booka.
While tile main office of tho com
pany ia in New York, in order to
give it fae litios for competing will?
other publishers, much of tho work
is done in New Orleans and Nashville.
The company is under Southern
control, and no sentence or senti
ment unfair to the South can, by any
possibility, escape the vigilant eye of
Major Patton, who is president of
company and a Misaippian. I am
m y aol f a stockholder and director in
thia company and have been for
twenty years or more.
To my personal knowledge no
other company baa any stock in the
University Publishing Company, and
no voice whatever, directly or indi
rectly, in its management or policies.
The company deserves tho grati
tude of our people, I think, because
of the great revolution it has caused
in school books and histories, whilo
on the score of merit alone I think it
safe to say that tho books of this
company are unexcelled.
I have gone into details in order
that you may clearly understand tho
Permit me, in conclusion, to say
with emphasis, that this letter is
written in my personal capacity and
no other. The United Confodorato
Veterans, of which organization I
have the honor of being the. com
mander, ia entirely free from partial
ity to tilia or any other company or
business venture. The Association
can properly endorse, and does on
dorso, booka which the historical
committee may recommend aa non
partisan, but it would be utterly in
consistent with the objects for which
thc United Confederate Veterans
waa organized and destructive to ita
very life for it to take any action to
promote tho financial interest of any
company whatever. It is scarcely
necessary for me to say that if the U.
C. V. organization should propose to
endorse tho University Publishing
Company or any other concern en
gaged in an effort to make money, I
should do all in my powor to prevent
it. 1 am, very truly yours,
J. B. GoitDov.
Dewitt's bittlo Karly Kiaora aro
prompt, pallatablo, pleasant, powerful,
purifying little pills. J. W. Hell.
Tho Test of a Man.
lt has boen agreed that newspaper
subscriptions are an infallible test of
a man's honesty. They will sooner
or later discover the man. If ho ia
dishonest he will client the printer
Some way>-declare he baa paid when
lie has not-sent money in the maila
which waa lost-will take the paper
and not pay for it on thc ground
that lie never aubscribed for it-or
move off and leave, it, coming to tho
oflloe ho left. Thousands of alleged
Christians are dishonest in this par
ticular, at least, and the printer's
book will toll fearful talcs at tho final
judgment,- Prosa and Printer.
Tho plucky Hoers havo not yot been
oonquored and thoy are still giving tho
Knglish invaders a hot and busy finie.
Kvcry steamer that leaves Japan
for the United States carries from
v!oo to 700 Japanese
SENATOR TILLMAN'S STRENGTH.
A South Carolinian Discusses Palmetto State
[Washington, D. C., Timos, August 31.1
J. Althous Johnson, of South Carolina,
and a mau who apparontiy understands
the political situation iu tho Palmotto
Stato, was at tho Metropolitan Hotel
yesterday. In spenking of tito roportod
unpopularity of Senator Tillman, Mr.
Johnson said :
"Tho report that 20,000 votors have
scratched ins nntno from tho tickot is
spoken of as an ovidonco that Senator
Tillmanl8 falling from grace with tito
pooplo of Sont h Carolina. If you con
sidor that thoro aro over 80,000 Demo
cratic votors in South Carolina, all of
whom aro eligible to voto in tho primary
election, and that only 20,000 record their
personal objection hy scratching his
name, you will see that if tho volo had
been a direct ono with Tillman as tho
issue, ho would have prevailed by 3 to 1.
"An ovidonco nf his strength with tho
votors of South Carolina is tho fact that
no ono in tho Stato was willing to on tor
tho lists against him in tho raco for tho
Sonato. Tho primary in South Carolina
is a froo-for-all to thoso who conform
thomsolves to tho regulations of tho
Democratic party governing candidacy
for offloo within tho party. Tho primary
is tiio canvass in which tho Democrats
light among thomsolves and in which
each individual Democrat has a voieo in
saying wdio shall roprcsont tho party.
"What is spoken of as an unexpectedly
largo volo for Col. Hoyt, who is running
as a Prohibitionist, doesn't moan that
tho dispensary is in danger. Tho voto is
largely a personal tributo to Col. Hoyt.
Ho was known to tho people of thc State
wllOU his competitors in tho present raco
woro oidy school boys. Ho was a gallant
Confederate soldier and bears tho marks
of battle on his person to-day. Ho was
a trusted loader, too, in tho days of 1870,
when tho Stato was wrested from tho
rogimo of carpetbaggers.
"Many good frionds of tho dispensary
told mo they oxpected to voto for Col.
Hoyt for Governor bocauso they boliovod
him to ho tho best man in the raco and
bocauso tbey know he could not damage
tho dispensary law without tho holp of
tho Legislature, and nobody entertained
tho thought for a moment that tho Leg
islature would bo anti-dispensary. Col.
Hoyt's cha, .ctor is a guaranty that what
evor laws aro on thc statute hook, tho
dispensary law included, ho will uso tho
utmost ability of Ids office, if Governor,
"Col. Hoyt, like a great many other
good Democrats in thc Stato, boliovos
that prohibitory laws are tho host troat
ment of tho liquor question and he. de
veloped early in tho campaign such
strengt h as to demoralize the ones run
ning against him as advocates of tho dis
pensary, and tho latter in their fright
called upon Senator Tillman to cancel
his engagements outside tho Stato and
como to tho rescuo of tho dispensary,
which they declared was imperiled.
"Senator Tillman isa special champion
of the dispensary and the representations
made tu him on that subject caused him
to take a hand in tho primary and add to
the livollllOSS of tho campaign. Among
the candidates for Oovornor, however,
ho never expressed a personal prof "01100,
simply advising tho pooplo to voto for
whom they regarded tho best man.
"It seems that Joseph T. Johnson, of
Spartanburg, is selected for Congress in
tho Fourth District. Ho barely failed of
the nomination in 1808. Ho lirst ran for
Congross in tho primary of 1802 and has
run in every race since, his vote growing
larger at each election. Ho would never
make deals or givo pledges to enhauco
his voto, nor would ho pay mon to work
for him, Ol' spend monoy in any of tho
other ways so ofton regarded as legiti
mato in politics. Ho always said that if
elected it must ho in a clean, straight
forward way, and his canvass was always
conducted to that end. Ho never abused
his competitors or engaged in personali
ties. Ho is a capable lawyer and hard
student. Ho and I were classmates in
Krskinc College. Trained in that insti
tution and reared, as ho was, among tho
'Soceders,' ho is a man from whom a
good account may be expected in public
lifo. No, wo arc not kin, though wo
boar tho same surname."
Sick headache. Food doesn't di
gest well, appetite poor, bowels con
stipated, tongue coated. It's your
liver 1 Ayer s Pills arc liver pills,
easy and safe. They cure dyspep
sia, biliousness. 25c. All Druggists.
Want your inoiistnclio or board . beautiful
lin,wu or rlrti Muck? Thou uso
BUCKINGHAM'S DYE feUter.
Best 'Phones in thc World.
Su.MTKK, September 1.-The Tele
phone Manufacturing Company, of
this city, has been awarded the
"medal of the highest award" for
telephones at thc Poris exposition.
The official notice was received by
the officials of the company today.
The medal was won over all manu
facturers of telephones in the world
and is a great triumph for South
A son of Mr. John Gibson, a farmer,
near (?reenvide, S. C., was killed by
lightning while up in a poach tree. A
brother of the boy was killed hy light
ning near thu same placo about two
JOHNSON AND LATIMEt.
Striking Resomblanco Botween tho Two
Many people say thoro is a strong
resemblance as to personal appear
ance between tho Fourth District's
nowly elected Congressman, Jos. T.
Johnson, and tho Thin! District's
old roliablo, Ashbury C. Lattimer.
Each of thom olaims to bo the hand
somest and both li ave their personal
as well as political admirers.
Both the old and the now Con
gressmen aro fine products of up
country farms, Mr. Latimer from
Anderson's level fields and Mr.
Johnson from Laurens' red hills.
Both are large, good natured, easy
and popular in manner, and both
of them have won their lights against
big odds. Mr. Latimer is probably
tho older in years as well as in oflioo
holding, but both commenced run
ning for Congress the same year.
The probability is that Mr. John
Bon will hold on to his high commis
sion as well as Mr. Latimer has.
Mr. Latimer landed in 1892, win
ning over the brilliant, able and popu
lar George Johnstone, a fine politi
cian and noted lawyer, and he seems
to have a load-pipe cinch on the
priv?. Ho is an able and faithful
representativo and has the support
of people of all shades of politics.
It is predicted for Mr. Johnson
that ho will have his people "grap
pled with hooks of steel" like the
Anderson man has his. They arc
greatly dissimilar, however, in some
rc jpects. Mr. Latimer is a farmer,
and a good one, and Mr. Johnson is
tho best kind of a lawyer. Mr.
Johnson is the more profound and
scholarly of the two, for Mr. La ti
mor's education is not extensive.
Both of these South Carolinians,
good looking, generous and faithful,
are to bc reckoned with in Houlh
Carolina politics.--Spartanburg Daily
There is moro catarrh in this section
of tho country than all other diseases
put together, and until tho last few years
it was supposed to bo incurable. For a
great many years doctors pronounced it
a local disenso, and proscribed local rem
edies, and hy constantly failing to cure
with local treatment, pronounced it in
curable. Scionco has proven catarrh to
be a constitutional disease, and it thoro
foro requires constitutional treatment.
Hall's Catarrh Cure, manufactured by F.
.1. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio, is the
only constitutional cure on the market,
ft is taken internally in ibises from ten
drops to a teaspoonful, lt acts directly
on tho blood and mucous surfaces of the
system. They offer one hundred dollars
for any case it fails to cure. .Send for
circulars and testimonials. Address
K. .J. Cl! KN KY A- Co., Toledo, Ohio.
Sold by druggists, 75 cents.
Hall's Family Tills aro the best.
Estimating thc Colton Crop.
Tho Cotton States Convention of Com
missioners of Agriculture, at their ses
sion in Haleigh Thursday afternoon,
issued the following as their statement
of tho cotton crop of 1000:
"Pased upon roliablo information
fro ni :*.!! 30itroos from each of tho Cotton
States and Territories, taking into con
sideration tho condition of thc cotton
crop, wo are led to believe that tho fol
lowing will be the output of tho crop for
tho season of tOOO-lOOl :
"Alabama, 821,(Mit) bales; Arkansas,
800,000; Florida, 30,000; Ceorgia, 1,025,
(XK); Indian Territory, 210,000; Louisi
ana, 008,000; Mississippi, 843,000; Mis
souri, 80,000; North Carolina, 405,000;
Oklahoma, 100,000; South Carolina,
801,000; Tenncsseo, 285,0(H); Texas :i,:i(H),
000; Virginia, 13,000; other sources, 500,
making a total of 0,854,600 bales.
"This estimate, howovcr, is subject to
the weather conditions for tho month of
September, and also killing frosts later
on. This 68 ti mato is given out as heing
the opinion of this Association."
Boars tho Nw Kind You Have Always Bought
Tho Stale of Texas has furnished ono
of tho most notable instances of the
triumph of law over lawlessness that tho
country has yet seen in the trial ami
conviction of eight white men and their
sontonco to lifo imprisonment for lynch
ing thu male members of the Humphries
family, who were also white people.
Tho men who wero convicted were men
of high standing socially which makes
their conviction all the more notable.
While lynching for a certain orimo has
been looked upon as in some degree ex
cusable by tho public it has acted like
a letting down of the bars, and men have
been disposed to tako tho law in their
own hands and lynch criminals for minor
offences and it has led to a carnival of
crime. It is time the haller was being
put on, and Texas has set tho other
States a notable example. - Anderson
In tho last year :>, loo duels have been
fought in Italy, and 480 deaths have re
sulted. Most of these combats was be
tween army oflicors.
Mrs. Mando Parker Cobb, widow ol
the late Thomas lt. IL Cobb, is an ap
plicant for postmistress Of tho House
Tho Populist National Committee has
placed the name of Aillai F, Stevenson
on the Populist ticket for Yioe-1'ros'..!, nt.
I Tho Populist t icket is now the same as
the Democratic-Br "pu and Stevenson,
RESULT OF THE CENSUS.
Total Population of the Country May Roaoh
With tho announcuinont of tho popula
tion of Dotroit thc Cousus Bureau has
completed tho count of tho inhabitants of
tho thirty largest cilio? of tho United
States, showing a total of 12,2-13,515 for
tlioso citios. Already ovor 30,000,000 have
boon counted and Director Morriam is cor
talil tho entire population rot urns will ho
ready forCougruSB whoo it moots in Do
cumber. Enough havo boen counted so
ar to give Homo idea of tho result of tho
census. For some years tho opinion has
hoon piovalent that the census of 1900
would show a total population of 75,000,
000. Tho return from tho thirty cities
show an average incienso of almost 30 por
cent, which, if maintained throughout
tho country, would mean that tho popu
lation is in tho neighborhood of 80,000,
000. Hut it is characteristic of all coun
tries that tho towns grow fastor than tho
country districts, and tho larger tho city
tho moro rapidly it grows. In Now Eng
land, for instance, is Huston, with au in
crease uf 25.07 per cent; Providence with
32,88 per cent, hut no ono would ho lod
to believe from this that tho rural popu
lation of New England has iner aaod on
an average of 20 por cont during tho past
Tho groatest increaso in tho farming
communities has been from tho Central
States, beginning with Ohio, westward to
the Dakotas, but even in Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois, am) other Middle States, it would
doubtless bo found that tho largest in
crcasohas been in tho cities. During tho
period between 1880 and 1800 tho increase
in thc population of tho United States
was phenomenal. Tho tido of immigra
tion was strong and practically un
checked. The great Wost had just com
menced to attract tho attention of Euro
pean Immigrants and tho country was re
covering from tho civil war and tho
panicky limes botwoon 1870 and 1880.
Chicago doubled its population and tho
Western cities grew like mushrooms.
New .States were admitted to tho Union
and new Territories opened tosettlomont.
Hui between 1800 and 1000 immigration
lias been discouraged rather than on
COtungod. Somo caro is exercised iu ox
tending the welcoming band to incoming
Europeans. Chi lioso immigration has
been stopped. Most of tho immigrants
now go lo tho cities and stay thoro. The
older fanning communities hoing well
settled tho farmers' sons and daughters
go to the cities with the result that tho
urban population is swelled at tho ox
peiiKO of the country districts.
Tho list of the thirty largest cities and
their population is as follows:
(!realer New York, including
New York and Brooklyn.8,437,202
St. Louis. 575,238
San Francisco. 342,782
New Orleans. 287,10-1
I erse y City. 200,488
Kansas City, Mo. 103,752
St. Paul. 103,032
Kooli ester. 102,435
Allegheny. . 129,800
The list shows four cities of over 1,000,
<HMi inhabitants, counting New York and
Brooklyn separately; tinco with from
500,000 to 000,000; five with 300,000, and
ten with from 1(10,000 to 200,000. Tho
Kast leads, with 7,070,291 inhabitants in
Now York, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Bos
ton, Baltimore, Buffalo, Pittsburg, Wash
ington Newark, .Jersey City, Providence,
ItoohoStor and Allegheny. Tho middlo
West bas Chicago, Si. Louis, Cleveland,
Cincinnati, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, in
dianapolis, Detroit, Kansas City, St, Paul
and Toledo, with a total of 4,303,703. Tho
far West has San Francisco and Denver,
with a population of '170,011, and tho
South has New Orleans and Louisville,
New York leads, with New York and
Brooklyn, BuiValoand lloohostor. Porin?
sylvania is second, with Philadelphia,
Pittsburg and Allegheny; Illinois is third,
with Chicago; Ohio is fourth, withClovo
land, Cincinnati, Toledo and Columbus,
and Missouri is fifth, with St. Louis and
When Congress takes up tho question
of tho reapportionment of Representa
tives it will be brought face to face with
(he problem of increasing tho number
of Representatives or of tho ratio of
Representatives. Already the llouso has
357 members, and is a very unwieldy
body. The basis of representation is, at
present, one member for 173,000 consti
tuents. Should this ratio bo maintained
there will ho .. 'ded to tho membership
Of the licxi house about llfly-thrCO mom
boi'8, making tho total membership 413,
Asido from tho di Ole ul ty of doing bnsi
m ss in a body of such proportions,
then would be difficulty in seating fifty
six additional members in tho present
chain hoi'. There is room for a handful
more than now sit in the chamber, bul
it will bo impossible io add fifty seats
with desk-, without taking lip all tho
space .iud leave, no room for passage ho
hind the railing. As each member is
entitled to $5,000 a year, $1,200 for a
clerk, $250 for stat ionory and his mileage,
the additional li ft y six members would
increase the expenses of the Mouse about
>-."'.",( i, i nu i per annum, to say nothing of
I he additional cost of carrying their
franked maller in the mails.
The. most dainty and OffooMvO pills
; made are DoWilt's Little Karly Risers,
i Tliey aro unequaled for all liver and
bowel troubles. Never gripe.
1 d.W. Boll.