FACTS AND FIGURI
30 TO 40 PER C
President Smi'S, of thc Cotton
thc Statement of A. W. Br?
Farmers are Not Going to
Figures from Other State
Sustain his Argument
PRESIDENT SMITH MAKES A STATEMENT.
Tag Tax Figures Provo Nothing-Acreage
Reduced Forty Per Cent.
I Tho State, April Otb.]
The following was given out yes
terday for publication at the Colum
bia office of tho Southern Cotton
Association. It is from the State
president, E. D. Smith :
"In view of tho widespread publi
cation and the impression made on
the public that tho use of fertilizer
has been increased rather than de
creased, and as it ?3 the object and
office of this association to keep tho
public informed as to tho situation in
referenco to the reduction of acrt-iigs
and fertilizers and all matters per
taining to the welfare of tho farmor,
we wish to st?te somo facts : 1. As
to the report of the? increased use of
fertilizer, I am in receipt of the fol
lowing from H. M. Stuckhouso, sec
retary of the fertilizer department,
Clemson Agricultural College, who
has charge of tho tag department.
This letter is in response to tho in
quiry made by me of him in refer
ence to the largo sale of tags. He
replies as follows :
Clemson College, S. C.,
March 23, 1905.
Hon. E. D. Smith, Magnolia, S. C.:
Dear Sir-I seo interviews with you
in t.he papers as to the amount of tho
tag tax along tho line of your 'phone
conversation in Columbia a few days
ago, but the line was busy at tho
time and your voice very indistinct,
was not sure I heard you correctly,
and only press of work has hindered
this writing earlier. Am getting
frequent inquiries from boards of
trade, ohambers of commerce, etc.,
of other States ns to tho amount, but
did not answer, as I believed it for
speculative purposes. However, the
news men get reports from State
treasurer and incorrect reports some
times got in the newspapers.
The amount, however, is not less
than stated and about thc same as
last year ; we think at least $10,000
of this comos from increased sales
for cotton scod meal, which for
"stock food" pays thc tax this season
for tho first time. Then tho sales
men and manufacturers of fertilizers
say that, anticipating orders, they
supply themselves with tags, know
ing that if not needed they can bo
redeomod with new ones after No
vember 1st, and they admit aggre
gate sales to date considerably less
than last year. So you correctly say
these sales are not reliable iudication
of tho amount of fertilizers really
used any given season. In the effort
to reduco tho cotton crop, which
means so much for tho South, I
should be sorry to think the farmers
would not "stand pat" on it or let
narrow, selfish considerations of sup
posed present gain wreck their own
and best interests of entire country
for years to come. Yours very truly,
II. M. Stackhousc.
"As he states, at least * 10,000 or
40,000 tons comes from increase sale
of cotton seed meal for feed pur
poses. Up to June, 1904, all meal
used for feed pun ^st's was exempt
from tho privilege tags. Hundreds
of tons were bought for fertilizer
purposes shipped as feed stuff, there
by avoiding the tag tax. His esti
mate in my estimation is a very con
servative one. Again, farmers this
year have exchanged seed for meal
in larger quantities than over known
before in tho history of the State.
One reason for this is because the
price of cotton has dropped so low
and the price of guano remaining tho
same as it was last year, that they
have substituted meal for the ammo
niatcd stuff. Then again we have
made inquiries from the Piedmont
and tho Pee-Doe sections of the
State, and from the middle sections,
and the replies indicate that the
actual amount of guano bought by
the farmers for this year's consump
tion does not exceed GO per cent, of
last year. I will cite ono instance :
ES THAT INDICATE
Growers' Association, Refutes
ibhain, of Bamberg, that the
Make the 25 Per Cent Cut.
s and Other Sources that
-Sales of Fertilizers.
At Dillon, one of the most prosperous
seotions of the country, in the heart
of the cotton growing section in the
State, where the use of guano was
greater than any other seotion last
year, they received up to Maroh 28d,
6,000 tons of guano ; up to March
23d of this year 1,200 tons of guano
by actual count, just one-fifth of the
amount used last year.
"From every point oomcs the cry
that milano has been curtailed at least
40 per cont. As circumstantial ovi- '
dence of this fact, I am in a position j
to prove that guano companies of
this State aro offering to ship fertili
zers to the interior points on con
signment, ia casa the fertilizer is
sold, well and good ; if not, they
will pay the freight and rebag it if j
not used this year. If their sales
were BO large and exceeding last
year's sales, it does not appear to
any sensible man that they would
make such an offer as this.
"Wo are employing mon to com
paro 1904 and 1905 as to tho receipts
of guano at the shipping points of the
State. We have also men in the
field who are taking the name of
every farmer in South Carolina, and
having him to state over his signa
ture how much fertilizer he has
bonght this year in comparison with
last year. Tho first part of May wc
propose to issue a statement showing
accurately, so far as man's word can
be taken, and tho receipts of the
railroads at the shipping points CPU
bo taken, just exactly the status of the
guano question in South Carolina.
"Wo do not know what motive has
prompted anyone to make the asser
tion that more fertilizer is being used
this year than last, nor do wo pro
pose to question motives. All we
propose to do is to deal with plain
facts ; and we propose that tho
farmers of this State shall be bene
fited by it. They arc not all liars.
"Wo prefer to take the word of
the farmers and business men of this
country who aro interested in tho
general welfare of thc country rather
than that of an individual who has
an axe to grind.
"Wo do not want and are quite
sure that the State at large and tho
South in general will not be startled
or frightened from their stand by the
prophecies of the Sage of Olar. We
presume that this gentleman loves
money, being human, and as ho pre
dicts, in the rise of cotton several
years ago that he benefited thereby,
and is in a position financially to be
independent of any fluctuations of
the market, and ns some prophetic
power has descended upon him again
to forecast the future of the cotton
market, we presume that he will still
further enhance the value of his
exchequer. The gifts of tho gods
aro marvelous things indeed. Would
that we were among the fortunate.
"From Texas has come direct from
President Jordan, in a letter received
by me to-day, news that Texas is re
ducing her acreage, according to the
New Orleans plan ; from Mississippi
comes the cheering nows that Missis
sippi has reduced hers, under thc in
fluence of such mon as President
('lark, John Sharp Williams, Gov.
Vardaman and John Allen. From
Louisiana similar nows, that they aro
not going to reduce but have already
reduced, in that they have planted
two-thirds of their crop.
From Alabama Hob Poole, secre
tary of agriculture ; President Soy
more, and their corps of organizers,
who aro canvassing the field. In fact
every cotton Stato is making a simi
lar report. Even here in South
Carolina with tho woeful wail from
Hamberg ringing in our ears, and
with the colossal pile of lf>,000,000
bales looming on the horizon, comes
the small voice of 01,000 farmers of
this State that they are roduoing
their acrooge and curtailing their
fertilizers. The Southern Cotton
Association prefers at this stage of
the game to believe that with an or
ganization such as wo have, und the
aotive men in the field, and the sup
port of the few bankers and mer
obants who are said to be the only
ones signed the pledge, coupled with
the 61,000 aforesaid farmers, we pre
fer to believe the aoreago will be re
duced, the fertilizer curtailed, and
that the 15,000,000 bales of cotton,
in spite of the divine prophesy, will
"It is claimed that the sale of
stock, mules and horses, in this State
for farming purposes, bas been un
precedented. I have visited nearly
cv.>ry county in this State, and have
made inquiry as to this speoifio point,
and the stock men of this State de
clare that the low price of cotton
and the general stagnation in busi
ness has been wellnigh ruinous to
their business. Any man who doubts
this, let him do as I have done-visit
these places in person and make in
quiries. The sale of stock bas been
curtailed more than 25 per cent.
Summing the whole matter up, wo
want to reiterate the faot that tho
farmers aro standing by their pledges
and will stand, and that the Southern
Cotton Association will finally solve
the problem of the South's pros
IWANT BYBBY MAN ANO AVOMAN In tho
United Stares interested In tho euro of the
llniuru or Whlnkey Habit, either for themselves
or friends, to have ono of my nooks on these dis
eases. Address I?. . Al, Itl. WOOI.I.BV, Pox
307, Atlanta, Ga., am. ono will be sent you freo.
Farmers Making General Reduction.
[Anderson Mail, April 0.]
"Tho farmers in this sect ion of the
State, and tho adjoining counties in
Georgia, are certainly reducing their
acreage in cotton this year," said F.
G. Brown, President of the Ander
! son Phosphate and Oil Company, to
a reporter to-day.
"You know that fertilizer people
keep up with this business closer than
most other people. It is our business
to do so. I know from tho reports
of our many agents that the farmers
as a rule aro reducing their acreage.
[ This reduotion may not amount to
; 25 per cent, as claimed by some. All
? the farmers who belong to the
[ organization and took the pledge are
. carrying out tho pledge, but there
; aro some who do not belong to any
1 organization and they have not felt
under any ?. negations to make any
reduction. Thon, there arc tho negro
tenant farmers to bo reckoned with,
I don't think they arc, as a rule,
making any reduction. But the
great mass of thc farmers are doing
j so, and later on it will bo found that
, there is a material reduction in this
"Tho sales of our fertilizer plant,"
ho said, "have been greater this sea
; son that ever before, but this does
j not mean that there is an increase in
the cotton acreage. We have simply
sold to a greater number of custo
mers than heretofore, as our bookt
show, and covered a larger territory.
All our brands have become very
popular, and if the increase in de
mand keeps up next year we will
have trouble in supplying our custo
mers if we do not enlarge our plant
"Since the first of January we havt
shipped out over 20,000 tons, and
? our full output is engaged. It hat
been a big season with us, and wt
owe our success this season to tht
loyalty of Anderson county farmers
who have used our goods and recom
mended them to others. We hav(
every reason to feel grateful to tin
farmers of Anderson county, and tc
those of thc upper part of tho State
i for that matter, and we hope wc maj
j be considered sincero when wo aaj
WO? are with them in every contes
that affects their welfare."
Catarrh Cannot be Cured
with local applications, as they canno
reach tho seat of the disease. Catarrh ii
a blood or constitutional disease, and ii
order to euro it you must take interna
remodios. Hall's Catarrh Curo is takoi
j internally, and acts directly on tho blooc
and mucous surfaces. Hall's Catarrl
t Cure is not a quack medicine., It wa
I proscribed by ono of tho best physician
in this country for years, and is a rogu
lar proscription. It is composed of th
i host tonics known, combined with th
bost blood purifiers, acting directly oi
! the mucous surfaces. Tho porfect com
bination of tho two ingredients is wha
produces such wonderful results in our
ing catarrh. Sond for testimonials, free
F. J. Cheney A Co., Props., Toledo, C
Hold by druggists, prico 75c.
Hall's Family Pills aro tho host.
Tho Act allowing County Troa
surers a fee of $1 has beon declare?
/unconstitutional by Assistant Attor
noy Genoral Townsend, becaus?
Chesterfield county is excepted. Tbi
makes it special legislation.
Plows, ii coots straight.
Little Joe Har
Cole's Planters, $0.75.
Sash, Doors and
Oils and Lead. .
ing. J& Mill Sn
Stoves and Hang
We have the goc
tomers are frienc
WHAT THE COMMISSIONERS SAY.
Heads ol State Agricultural Departments De
claro Acreage is Being Reduced.
Atlanta, April 6.-The Commis
sioners ot' Agriculture of the South
ern States are firm in their belief |
that the Southern Cotton Associa
tion and its work is a success. At
the request of tho preBS bureau of
tho Southern Cotton Association
they have made a special investiga
tion regarding tho reduction of tho
cotton acreage throughout tho South,
aud, in their opinion, there will bo a
great reduction of acreage this year.
The commissioners also state that
thore will be a greater diversification
of crops this year than ever before in
the history of the South, and they arc
looking forward to a very prosperous
country next fall.
Tho following aro some expressions
from the different commissioners :
C. J. Barrow, acting Commissioner
of Agriculture of Louisiana : "Or
ganizations have been perfected in
nearly all the parishes of this State
for the purpose of reducing thc acre
age 25 per cent and this action on
tho part of thc farmers has been sup
plemented by proclamations from
our Governor urging the importance
of this reduction and wo believe it
will have its effect."
E. J. Watson, Commissioner of
Agriculture of South Carolina : "That
there will be a great reduction of
acreage in this State I am fully con
vinced, but just at this time I could
not undertake to give the exact
S. L. Patterson, Commissioner of
Agriou'turo of North Carolina: "It
is impossible just now to predict the
exact .wu..mit of the reduction of the
cotton acreage, but it is going to be
reduced. And you may depend upon
it our farmers are holding cotton as
they never have before. Vory little
is finding its way to the markets and
the farmers are determined to carry
out tho spirit of the New Orleans
Convention, notwithstanding the re
ported heavy receipts in some sec
W. G. Ogilvie, Commissioner of
Agriculture of Tennessee : "From
thc best information I have been ablo
to obtain the cotton acreage will be
reduced at least 26 per cent. I have
reports from nearly every cotton
growing county in the Stat.?."
II. T? Bradford, Commissioner of
Agriculture of Arkansas : "My opin
ion ia, and I have given tho matter
closo attention, that thc cotton acre
age will bc reduced at least 25 per
cent in our State. There is a gene
ral determination among the farmers
to reduce their acreage and better
O. B. Stevens, Commissioner of
Agriculture of Georgia : "Thero is
no doubt but that tho people of
Georgia oro going to rcduco their
cotton acreage and bettor themselves
generally. And besides there will
never again bc such a year as last
year was for cotton or any other sort
Commissioner II. K. Poole, in an
interview soveral days ago, announced
that tho Stato of Alabama was going
to reduce its acreage 83J per cent.
Govornor.1. K. Vardaman, of Mis
sissippi, writes : "Mississippi is snro
to reduce her acreago this year. I
have examined things carefully and I
find that the actual reduction will be
betwaen 20 and 25 per cent."
W. J. Clay, Commissioner of Ag
riculture of Texas : "From informa
tion I have boon able to gather from
correspondence and conversation
with prominent planters, I am of the
opinion that the aoreage in this State
will bo reduced about 25 per cent."
INQ FOR THE
TO SUIT YOUR POCI
Keystone Adjustable Weeders, $10.26
rows, $2.6o. Caldwell Cotton Di
Climax Planters, $3 2?.
3arb Wire, $2.00 per One Hundred Pounds.
Blinds. j& Blacksmith To
& Harness. J& Rubber a
pplies. & Wagon and Buj
?ds and our prices sell thei
" SEE THE SAW."
ESTMINSTER, S. C.
"NOW STAND PAT," SAYS MCLAURIN.
Urges Farmers Not to Neglect Golden Oppor
tunity Planter ls Master of Situation.
Former United States Senator, J.
L. MoLaurin, delivered an address to
I ho farmers at Sumter on tho 3d
instant in which he urged them to
"stand pat," holding their cotton for
better prices, and oaring for it in
warehouses, until they are prepared
to sell. Referring to the wonderful
development of the South Mr. Mc
Laurin said that the time had come
for the people of this section to nomi
nate and elect a Presideht of the
United States a man who woold not
bo hampered by standing on a "tin
kered platform." Speaking of the
holding question, Mr. MoLaurin said :
It is a pleasure to me to address a
strictly non-political body of my fel
low-citizens. It it a good thing for
a man or people to look tho truth
squarely in tho face, see things as
they are, not as pictured by vanity,
ambition or a disordered imagination.
When Jesus Christ came on this
earth he did not come with a message
to any particular race or religious
creed^ but proclaiming tho truth to
Jew and Gentile. You cannot get at
a truth from a partisan standpoint ;
truth is strictly non-partisan ; it is
the property of no one political party
or religious creed ; it is there for thom
all. We live in a diy of combina
tion and organization. Every busi
ness in tho United States is organ
ized except tho cotton planter, and
now, in self-defense, we are being
forced to act in concert.
Here Mr. MoLaurin went over tho
ground covered in his speech in New
Orleans and drew an analogy be
tween wheat and cotton.
I do not believe there is any over
production if there were proper
methods of distribution. The bal-1
ance of thc world is a consumer of
our raw cotton and ts therefore com
bined to get our product as cheap as
possible. You can only meet organi
zation with organization. All other
industries through combination fix
the price of their products. This
coat that 1 have on lay on the shelf
of some merchant's store until I paid
his price for it. Ho fixed tho price
without consulting me. The beef
trust n?ed tho price of my moat, the
coal trust of my fuel, the flour trust
of my bread, the coffee trust of my
coffee, and so on of overything that I
use. I may starve, I may freeze or
go naked, but I pay their price or go
without. When I bring my product
(cotton) into town to soil, I do not
tell the buyer what I will take as all
these other industries do me. I hum
bly ask, "What will you give me for
my cotton ?"
The buyer says, "Wait until Liver
pool comos in ;" then ho says I will
give you six cents or whatover some
man in Liverpool says is the price.
Gontlemon, do what all the others
do ; put your cotton in a warehouse ;
dou't ask anybody what they will
give, but tell the world what you will
take. It is in your own hands. All
you have to do is to "stand pat."
Fellow-oitizens, lot us "stand pat''
with the aotion of the New Orleans
Convention. "Stand pat."
Let it be understood that from now,
henceforth and forever, we, the pro
ducers of the material that olothos
the world, intond to have a voice in
fixing the price of the products of
???it** W^Utfili ili?M
Hallook's Weodors, $9 25.
oppere, #9. CO.
Kiding Cultivators, $20 to $35.
ols. J? Paints,
nd Canvas Belt
%gy Material. J&
ri. All our ons
There ls Money in Raising Apples.
T Anderson Mail, April 0.]
B. Harris, of Pendleton, was in the
city to-day and was exhibiting an
apple that grew on his plantation
last year. Early in the fair he
pulled it from the tree and laid i*"^
away in a bureau drawer. It is now
in a perfeot state of preservation.
Harris does not know the name of
the apple. He planted the tree
twenty-two years ago and say's it has
been bearing regularly every year
since roaching maturity. Last year
it bore fifteen bushels of marketable
apples. It is a finer appie than any
that comes to this seotion from
Northern markets, and will keep
perfectly, as the one he was showing
Harris says that just as fine apples
can be grown here in Anderson
county as in the North, and that an
acra of apples, properly handled, will
yield more every year than ten acres
in cotton or almost any other crop.
The tremolo heretofore about raising
apples and other fruits in this section
has been that thc people did not
understand how to select the stock
aud care for the trees and market the
crops, lt was to study such matters
as these that the Farmers* Institute
was organized, and Mr, Harris says
that a great deal of good is bound to
bo accomplished along this line.
"When our farmers got educated as
to their possibilities we will not hear
any more talk in this section about
low-priced cotton, because then the
farmers will learn that there is more
money to be made in other things
than cotton. This section is better
adapted to other things thau cotton,
but it is going to take some time
perhaps to convince the people n<L
this," he said.
The balking mule is to a wagon what
?tho selfish, narrow oitizon is to the town
-if thero is any progrosB tho other fel
low must carry tho entire load, inoluding
tho balker.-Tho State.
VERY LOW EXCURSION RATES,
BY SOUTHERN RAILWAY,
To the Fellowing Points :
Kansas City, Mo.-Southern Baptist
Convention, May 10-17, 1005. Bato, ono
flrst-olasB faro, pltiH 50 cents, for round^"tx
trip. Tickets on salo May 7 to ll, inchiSjfc
sive; final limit May 28d, 1005.
St. Louis, Mo.-National Baptist Anni
versary, May 10-24, 1005. Bato, ouo first
class faro, plus 25 cents, for round trip.
Tickets on salo May 14, 15, 10, with final
limit May 27th, 1005.
Asheville, N. C.-South Atlantic Mis
sionary Conforonco, May 17-21, 1005.
Bate, ono first-class fare, plus 25 cents,
for tho round trip. Tickets on salo May
Kith and 17th; final limit May 2:Jd, 1905.
Fort Worth, Texas-General Assombly
Southern Presbyterian Church, May 18-20
1005. Bato, ono first-class faro, plus
$2.00, for round trip. Tickets on sale
May 15, 10, 17; final limit May ?lst, 1906.
Toronto, Ont.-International Sunday
School Association, Juno 20-27, 1905.
Bato, ono first-class fare, plus 50 cents,
for round trip. Tiokots on salo Juno 10,
20, 22, 23, 1005; limited Juno 30th, 1005.
Hot Springs, Va.-Southern Hardware
Jobbers' Association, Juno 0-9, 1005.
Bate, ono first-class fare, plus 25 oents,
for round trip. Tiokots on salo June 3,
4, 5; final limit Juno 13th, 1005.
Savannah, Ga.-National Travolors'
Protective Association of Amorioa, May
10-23, 1005. Rate, ono first-class faro,
plus 50 cents, for round trip. Tiokots on
salo May 13th and 14th; ii mil limit May
Savannah, Ga.-Fourth Annual Tour
nament Southern Golf Association, May
0-13, 1005. Rate, ono first class faro, plus
25 oents, for round trip. Tickets on Bale
May 7, 8, 0, 1005; limited May 15th, 1005.
The Southern Railway is the most
direct lina to all of tho above poluta,
operating Pullman sleeping oars, high
back vest?bulo coaches, with superb din
ing car service. For detailed information
apply to any tioket agont of this com
pany, or It. W. HUNT. D. P. A.,
Charleston, S. C.
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