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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, April 12, 1905, Image 3

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HISTORIC OLD RICHMOND.
'rf A. H. Gibson Visits tho City and Recalls
Interesting Events of the Past.
rReoeivod too late for last week.]
Richmond, Va., April 3.-Editors
Courier : Well, here I am in Rioh
?mond, at the residence of our HOD,
Walter Gibson, sitting at a second
story window overlooking the majes
tic James fiver, and looking out
aoross Liberty Hill Park, wbiob lies
just in front of where I am now sit
ting at this writing. The view is
beantiful beyond description, being
opposite a bend in the river, from
whioh point you look in a south?
easterly direotion down the river for
|ttiiBtance of three miles or more,
Nkwn looking in a southerly direction
an extensive view of the country be
yond the James river greets the eye
like a magnificent panorama, whioh
includes the beautiful little oity of
Manchester. Did I wield the pon of
. i accomplished writer I might give
a. interesting description of this
ma oifioent soene, but as I do not, I
lea\ r it to the imagination of your
selves and your readers. The Con
federate ?non um ont stands just on
i the south i de of the park, aa |I best
remember, ou *? epot where some big
guns were plan ni in time of the
war.
Just forty years a^ * to-day *Rioh
mond was entered by 1 rant's army,
coming in on one side, while the
Confederates were going out at the
other. The scenes and tragedies en*
acted in Riohmond that day will
^ vcr be fully written. Her citizens
were overwhelmed with consterna
tion and alarm, and well they|might
be. It was yesterday, forty year?
ago, that Gen. Leo's memorable dis
P<Vvc.ii waa handed by an officer to
President Davis while he was at
worship in St. Paul's Episcopal
ehuroh, conveying the startling in
telligence that his lines were broken
in three places, and that Riohmond
would have to be evaouated that
night. Soon the terrible news spread
throughout the oity. I| send here
with a, clipping from tho Times-Dis
patoh, Riohmond, Va., April 2, 1905,
which gives an interesting account
of those terrible days. It-is as fol
lows :
The Fall ol Richmond.
"April 3d is a memorable day in
American annals, yet so swift is the
march of events that the historic sig
nificance of the day will occur to
few persons. This is the fortieth an
niversary of tho 'Fall of Riohmond.'
It was in the morning of April 3,
1865, that Ecdoral troops entered the
capital of the Confederate States. It
was a day of groat emotions. Tho
people of the South, her ragged,
scarred and heroic armies and her
impoverished people were saddened.
The great, rioh and powerful North
was elated. While Hames were
sweeping through Riohmond, enthu
siastic meetings were being held in
all tho cities of tho East and West.
In Washington it was a holiday. All
fjtf offioea of tho government were
closed. In New York one of the
biggest meetings of all time was held.
Rolls were ringing and orators wore
voicing tho gleo of the North. The
broken logions of Leo, magnificent in
victory and magnificent in defeat,
were falling back toward Danville,
Appomattox was soon to follow.
"Sunday, April '2d, was a quiet day
in Richmond. Tho situation was nc
more tenso than it had been foi
4feV>y days. President Davis was at
^OTV?CO in St. Paul's Episcopal
church. An officer entered and
handed him this tragic dispatch from
Robert E. Lee : 'My linos are broken
in three places. Richmond must bc
evacuated to-night.' The news trav
eled on wings through the doomed
city. The Confederate archives
were packed and shipped to Dan
ville. Congress and tho Virginia
Legislature left the city. Wagor
* trains were rumbling through thi
streets. Money in tho banks wai
sent to Danville. Gen. Ewoll ir
command at Richmond, orderod thai
such stores of cotton and tobacco ai
could not bo removed, should bo de
stroyed. The City Council orderet
that all liquors in the warehousoi
should bo poured into the gutters.
"At night the city was rod will
fire. Some of tho fires wore though
to have been sot by ruffians for plun
A der. Arsenals and magazines wen
if blowing up, sholls and small ammu
nit ion wore exploding. Tho famou
ironolad Virginia, tho Fredericks
burg, Riohmond, Patrick Henry am
other ships at tho Rooketta wer
blown up. Fir? was seething through
Richmond and Manchester. Union
cavalry appeared in Main street soon
after dawn, April 8.
"Thomas T. Qraves, aide on tho
staff of Gen. Weitzel, whose troops
occupied Riohmoud, has written the
following description of Richmond
on ilr v fateful morning:
" -As we approached the inner line
of defenses we saw in the d'stanoe
divisions of our troops, many of
them upon the double quiok, aiming
to be the first in the oity. A white
and colored division were having a
regular raoe, the white troops on the
turnpike and the colored in the fields.
As we neared the oity the number of
fires seemed to fnorease. At inter
vals there were loud explosions.
" On entering we found Capitol
Square covered with people who had
fled there to escape the fire, and who
were utterly worn out with fatigue
and fright. Details were at onoe
made to soour the oity for able
bodied men, white and blaok, to as
sist in extinguishing the flames.
Gen. Devon's division marched into
the oity, staoked arms and went to
work. Parson's engineer company
assisted in blowing up houses. In
this way the fire was obeoked. There
was no plundering by our troops.
"Gen. A. F. Shepley was placed on
duty as military governor. He had
occupied a like position at New Or
leans after its capture in 1862. Wo
went to Libby Prison, but all the
prisoners were gone. President
Lincoln arrived in Richmond the
morning of the 4th, having oome on
Admiral Porter's flagship, the Mal
vern. Mr. Lincoln visited the Capi
tol and inspected the interior of
President Davis's house."
Richmond of to-day is not, but for
some old landmarks, recognizable as
Richmond of forty years, so great
has been its improvement in that
time, of which to undertake a de
scription would be out of the ques
tion for my feeble pen.
H. A. H. Gibson.
Mr. Kirksoy's Recommendation.
Mr. Kirksey writes: I givo a positive
guarantee with every box ot Rydale'a
Stomach Tablets and Liver Tablets I sell,
and have never boen asked to refund the
money in a single instance. I have used
these tablets in my family with best re
sults, W. L. Kirksey, Morgantou, N. C.
Rydale'a Tablets aro prepared by the
Radical Romody Company, Hickory, N.
C., who authorize evory dealer in their
Sreparations to guarantee evory box or
ottle of their medicino tboy sell. Wal
halla Drug Company.
Sleeping Garments.
"It was not always so," said a
manufacturer of sleeping garments,
"but in every groat city nowadays
practically every man wears when
he goes Lo bed suitable sleeping
clothes of some sort either night
shirt or pajamas.
"In cities probably 50 per oent ol
the men wear pajamas with the ?no
portion of pajamas worn continuing
to increase. I don't like them my
self, but undoubtedly they have theil
merits. Pajamas, for instance, an
handiest to wear in a sleeping car
and they are a blessing to a mai
who has to get up in tho uight t<
tend the baby.
"Rut though in tho greater citie
practically every man nowaday
wears Bleeping garments of BO tn
sort, it is not so evory whero through
out the country. There aro evory
where mon whose occupations woul
prevent them from wearing sleopin
garments, men who must turn ii
ready to get up at a moment's notict
And there aro still great numbers c
men, in smaller places and in remot
parts, who have not yet learned th
comfort and healthfulness of sleep
ing garments.
Tho same thing oannot be said c
women. Women everywhere th
country over, and in city and oountr
alike, do woar night'owns, as the
have long, if not always done. D
women wear pajamas these days
Well, some, but not many.
"It was a little fad to wear thon
for a time, and there aro some w(
men who now wear them ; but the
number is not large and it is n<
growing.
"While the uso of sleeping gai
ments has thus boon increasing an
extending among men, thore ha? boc
falling into disuse a once common!
used article of stooping oquipmon
namely, tho old time nightcap.
"I can Boarcoly imagine an y bod
now wearing a nightcap in a city,
man might get oold feet in a b
oity, but not a cold head.
"And so the nightcap, has, fro
cities at least, all out disappeared
-New York Sun. -
Best Way lo Eal an Egg.
Almost everybody eats eggs.
There is perhaps no article of diet
that is more commonly eaten io all
countries than eggs. Hens' eggs are
used more than any other kind,
although some people eat duok eggs,
goose eggs and the egg of the guinea
fowl. Turkey eggs are not so often
eaten ; they are generally kept for
batching. Eggs uro said to be per
fect food, the same as milk-that is,
containing all the food . eloments
necessary for the growth and mainte
nance of the young ohiok, just as
milk does for the young animal.
While it is true, of course, that the
egg does contain all the elemente
neoessary for the young ohiok, yet it
would not follow that these elements
are in the right proportion for the
sole nourishment of an adult person.
That eggs are a splendid food is not
to be questioned, but that eggs alone
would furnish snffioient diet for a
grown person is hardly probable.
Eggs consist of prot?ine and fat,
water and mineral matter. It is the
prot?ine or nitrogenous matter that
builds up and repairs the tissues of
the body, while the fat supplies
energy. The white of an egg is
often said to be pure albumen, but tt
also contains phosphoric acid and
sodium ohloride or common sa!t.
The yolk contai us the fatty part of
the egg, phosphorus, calcium, mag
nesium, potassium and iron. Eggs
also contain sulphur, and this proba
bly accounts for the dark stain left
by egg8 on silver, the sulphur com
ing in contact with the silver forming
silver sulphide.
Eggs are very easily digested.
Raw eggs are more quickly digested
than cooked eggs. Soft boiled egTs,
roasted eggs and poaohed eggs are
more easily digested than fried or
hard-boiled eggs. The stomach will
digest a raw egg in from one and a
half to two hours. Soft-boiled and
roasted eggs require from two and a
half to three hours, while hard-boiled
or fried eggs must be allowed from
three and a half to four hours for
digestion. Eggs furnish a good sub
stitute for meat and we believe it
would bo ftr better for the average
person if eggs were more frequently
used in plaoe of meat. Especially
do they make a light, nutritious dish
for breakfast, instead of the usual
bacon or ham or sausage.-New
York Tribuno.
At a meeting of the executive
committee of tho National Associa
tion, in .Chicago recently, the State
dairy aud food department reports
were submitted, showing that 4fi?,
000 infants died in the United Str.tes
last year from thc effeots of food
poisoning. This claim was made by
J. N. Ilurty, secretary of tho Indiana
State board of health. Ilurty pro
duces figures to show that 66 per
cont of the total deaths of infants in
America last year was duo to poisons
administered in impure foods and
deadly concoctic is placed on tho
market hy fraudulent food manufac
turers. Renewed efforts toward pro
hibiting the sale of food products
containing poisonous adulterations is
to bc made hy tho association.
Blame
No One But Yourself
if You Don't Cet
Well When SicK.
All wo can do Ja elvo advice.
Of course that's easy.
But our advice la really worth a little
moro to you than most people's, for we
ofter to give you the drat bottle of our
medicine free, li lt fnlls to help you
Wo could not afford to do this unless
our medicine was good, Such an offer,
on the wrong kind of medicino, would
put a Dferobant prince in tho poor house.
Dr. Miles' Nervine, however, ns years
of oxperlenco hnvo proved, ls a medi
cino that cures tho sick.
Those whom lt cannot benefit-less
than ono In ton thousand-we prefer to
refund their money.
All we ask of you ls to try Dr. Miles'
Restorative Nervine for your complaint.
If you suffer from sleeplessness, nervous
oxhnustlon, dizziness, headache, mus
cular twitchlngs, melancholy, loss of
memory, weak stomach, poor blood,
bilious troubles, epilepsy, St. Vitus'
Danoo, etc., we will guaranteo to benefit
you or refund your money.
You aro tho dootor.
"My son Bert, when In his 17th year,
beenmo subject to attacks of epilepsy,
no serious that wo wero compelled to
tako him out of school. After several
physicians had failed to relieve him, wo
gave Dr. Miles' Nervine a trial. Ten
months treatment with Nervine and
Liver Pills restored our hoy to perfect
health."-MR. JOHN 8. WILSON,
Deputy Co. Clerk, Dallas Co., Mo.
PPPP Wrlto un and we will mall
JJ XVXiXa you a Free Trial Package of
Dr. Miles' Antl-Paln Pilla, tho New,
Scientific Remedy for Pain. Also Symp
tom Blank for our Specialist to diagnose
your case and tell you what l.i wrong
and how to right ft. Absolutely Free.
Address: DR. M IL. M o MKuiOAli CO.,
{LABORATORIES, KLKIIAHT, IND.
GO TO
Ruskin Anderson,
SENECA, S. C.,
FOR
Dry Goods,
Dress Goods,
Notions,
Pure Groceries,
Clothing,
Shoes and Oxfords,
Hats and Gaps,
Neckwear.
^General Merchandise,^
Furniture
and Sewing Machines on Easy Terms
and at Right Prices.
Seneca
Anderson, Seneca
Rules for Character Reading.
Addressing the Chicago Credit
Men's Association recently, Dr. Chas?
F. Roger, who, according to the
Chicago Record-Herald, "has mado
a study ot character reading for six
teen years," laid down a number of
interesting rules. Here are Dr.
Roger's rules :
1. A man who presses his thumb
on the back of your hand when
shaking hands is liberal.
2. The man who never presses his
thumb against yours when hand
shaking is stingy, and the higher he
keeps his thumb the stingier he is.
3. A man who shakes hands with
the tips of his fingers ouly is not to
be trusted-ho may pay one debt,
but he will never pay tho second.
4. When a man gives you a listless
and lifeless band, whioh yon have to
shake, beware.
5. You can tell a liar as far as you
can see him by watching his eyelids.
If the eyelid cuts off the eye at the
outside corner, drooping over it, the
possessor is a stranger to tho truth
and has only heard of veracity as a
word in the dictionary.
6. The persons who show white
white all the way around the eyeball
are persons who prevaricate.
7. When a porson's head is bigger
at thc back and sides than at the
front and top, the animal predomi
nates over tho intellectual forces.
8. In judging women tho essential
things to be observed are the lips
and eyes-pay no attention even to
powder and rouge in your estimato
of female charaoter. The woman
with a thin upper lip-like a streak
of red-is not only cold-hearted, but
clammy.
9. If a woman's eyelid cuts off the
eye at tho corner she is a liar like
tho man with tho corresponding eye
lid.
10. If she has white all tho way
around hor eye she does not toll tho
truth.
11. Beware of tho person, man or
woman, who does not look you
straight in the eye. If he or she
examines the wall or tho sky or the
dog, make up your mind that you are
dealing with one who is insincere.
12. Courage and force of charaoter
are shown by tho person who walks
with his head held up in the air.
Mortgaging Prospective Crops.
William E. Curtis, the well-known
correspondent of the Chicago Record
Herald, has been writiug his daily
letters from Alabama during the past
few weeks and in last Thursday's
paper he has an interesting letter on
the cotton situation. His letter is
very abie, and except in two or three
particulars remarkably true to the
facts. This paragraph is especially
wise and timely :
"Another curse, equally demoraliz
ing, is the general aud habitual
method of mortgaging crops ; tho
ancient plan of living ahoad of their
incomos, which has boen practiced
by white planters throughout the
South for generations, and has boon
acquired by imitation by their negro
tenants. It is the habit of a great
majority of tho Southern planters,
black and white, to spend their
money before they got it, by mort
gaging prospectivo crops to secure
advances made by them by commis
sion men to pay for their supplies
and other expenses. This practice
extends to the white and negro
tenantry of the largo plantations
throughout the South. When a man
rents a tract of cotton land on shares
(as 35 por cent, of land is cultivated)
he expects his landlord to furnish
him animals, implements, seed, food,
clothing and everything else that he
or his family shall require, and charge
whatever is given against the pro
ceeds of tho coming crop when it
shall be harvested and sold. Tho
landlord, therefore, makes a double
profit from the tenant. The tenant
never gets ahoad. He usually con
sumes tho entire value of his cotton
before bo picks it, and ho goos on
from year to yoar, gainiug nothing
and getting nothing but a living for
hts labor. It is useless to discuss
this subject in the South. Nearly
ovorybody is willing to admit that
the practice is vicious, demoralizing
and ruinous ; but it is fastened upon
the people and thoy seem to be satis
fied with it."
PISO'S CURE FOR*
cunts wu mt AU ELSI FAILS.
Tl Myrup. TMtea Qootl.
, Cough
Intime. Bold by droggltu. pH
<J>llgMllBla??is1ge>^yM
This Editor Had Been There.
Some of oar exchanges speak of
this paper as a farmer's paper. Well,
we must acknowledge we have a
leaning towards the farmer-in faot,
the editor is a farmer.
We have followed the plow and a
pair of brindle mules to turn over
many aores of black alluvial soil and
bumble bees' nests.
Wo have ohopped off and set out
hundreds of shooks of corn when the
frost was on the pumpkin.
We have waltzed after the scythe
and oradle to tie up aores and aores
of golden grain in days gone by.
We have tunnelled into tho potato
hill and brought out bushels and
bushels of the rich, luscious fruit,
with tho hoc and the plow handle.
Wo have turned the grindstone
for hours and hours, in tho bright
summer's suu, until the world seemed
all a hollow mockery.
We have ohopped down tho Jim
son weed in all its glory, and saw it
fall a withered mass of ruinB to the
earth.
We have cut stove wood with a
dull axe in the bright July sun until
we felt like running away from home
and becoming a train robber.
We have played hide and seek
with the razor-back sow in tho corn
field for hours and hours, when the
mud was on our breeches and the
water in our sooks.
We have ohascd the cow with
or um pied horn out of tho wheat field,
and watched the wobble-legged calf
hang on to the teat like a politician
to a fat offico.
In faot, we havo done everything
that is dono on a farm, from engi
neering a hay rake to fighting over a
line fence, and have raised every
thing that can be raised on a farm
from an umbrella to a deed of t rust,
and why shouldn't wo havo a follow
feeling "for tho farmer?-Exchange.
The sovereigns of Kurope have reve
nues as follows: Czar of Russia, $12,
000,000; Sultan of Turkey, $7,500,000;
Emperor of Germany $?,800,000; Em
peror of AuBtria and Klug of Hungary,
.8,700,000: King of Italy, ?3,210,000;
King of Great Britain, $2.600,000; King
of Bavaria, $1,400,000; King of Spain,
$1,400,000; King of the Belgians, $700,
000; King of Saxony, $736,000; King of
Portugal, $525,000: King of Wurtemburg,
$4ro,000; King of Greece, $200,000; Queon
o? Holland, $240,000; King of Servia
$240,000; King of Rouroaula, $237,000.

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