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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, April 19, 1905, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026912/1905-04-19/ed-1/seq-2/

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CONFEDERATE UNIFORM ANO FLAG.
The Designs Wer? Made by a Prussian Artist.
A Blt of Interesting History.
(Copied from the Memphis Commeroial
Appeal by request of IS. K. Dendy, Sr. J
Located in the very heart of tho
busy oity of Louisville, in a well
known boniness building, is a time
stained yet time-honored room. Its
walls are darkened with the finger
marks of the passing years, and the
whole demeanor of the place is un
obtrusive and unpretentious. Yet is
this place rioh in its treasured hold
ings of art, its clustered memories
and traditions of the old South or
the Southland of ante-bellum days.
It is a gonius who presides over
this place. It is the art studio of
Nicola Marschall, musioian, portrait
painter and designer of both uniform
and flag of the Confederate States of
Amerioa. From his Prussian home
land, whore he was mado skillful
musioally and trained to the painter's
art, this man, thon in his youth, oame
over land and sea to Amerioa nt ono
of tho most rugged and picturesque
periods of this country's history, the
memorable gold fever days of '49.
It was in Alabama that ho found the
home for which ho sought.
Within tho borders of that State
he remained for a time, returning
then to the Kuropoan country of his
nativity, thore to perfect his study
of his chosen calling. Again he jour
neyed to the Southland, this time to
make it his home for lile. It was at
tho little town of Marion, Ala., on the
eve of the struggle between the
North and South, that he drew the
designs that will live in history-the
Confederate uniform of gray that
stands for tho grandest army that
ever marched "in tide of times" and
the banner under which that army
battled-the Stars and Bars. With
no other compensation than the prido
it caused him to serve the South and
the pleasure it gave him to honor a
woman's request, these designs were
made by Nicola Marschall in 18(51,
and adopted by tho Southern Con
federacy.
Vigorous, hearty and genial to
day, physically erect and mentally
energetic, ono is soarcely prepared to
believe tho record of life that holds
seventy-four years registered to this
man's credit, albeit time has left its
traces with furrows and gray hair.
For more than thirty years Mr. Mar
schall has made his home in Louis
ville, where he has won friends as
enduring as his own good name, and
to-day he occupies as a studio the
room of which he took possession in
1878.
Mr. Marschall^ studio is in the
building on the southwest corner of
Green and Fourth streets. The room
is easy of access, and looks out upon
the two thoroughfares below. Plain
and ordinary as a mere room, yet as
the studio of Nicola Marschall it is a
veritable curiosity shop, a place
wealthy in historic recollections, its
souvenirs of bygone days and the
works of this artist. There aro many
portraits about the place, portraits
that show upon canvas tho mental
pictures still dear to the people of the
South. Portraits of Robert E. Lee,
Joseph E. Johnston, J. C. Breokin
ridge, William Preston and Bragg
are among those in the studio. These
are but a few of the Confederate lead
ers whose portraits he has painted.
Among thc best pictures he has ever
painted were two of Gen. N. B. For
rest, the "Wizard of thc Saddle,"
who was the personal friend of Mr.
Marschall.
In obscure corners of his studio
are old and worn chests, secured
with bands of steel. One of these
bears the inscription, "X. Marschall,
2d Engineers' Regiment of Ala
bama." It is the kit which Marschall
carried with him when ho served
the South as an army engineer
during the war. In another box are
scrapbooks and {tapers, among them
letters written Mr. Marsehall by gen
erals and statesmen of the South
during and after the war.
There is probably no document
among thoso Mr. Marschall has more
interesting than a letter introducing
him to President Jefferson Davis,
written by Gen. N. B. Forrest. Thc
letter was written in 1872, when Gen.
Forrest was president of the old
Selma, Marion and Memphis rail
road. Gen. Forrest livod at Marion,
Ala., then, at which place Mr. Mar
schall made his home, and it was
when the latter contemplated going
to Memphis, where President Davis
was then, that thc letter was written.
It is reproduced here in fao simile,
made irom tho original, scoured for
the purpose of Mr. Marsch all.
The story of how Mr. Marschall
oame to design the uniform and Hag
of the Confederacy is best told in bis
own words:
"I eamo to this country," ho began,
"when I was eighteen years of age.
My home w?s in St. Wendel, Prus
sia, and 1 left there that I might con
tinue professionally with music and
art, iustead of having to serve in the
i army. I loft, with the permission of
my government, something more easy
to secure then than now. I landed
in Now Orleans, and from there made
ray way to Mobile, where livod a
relative of raine who had preceded
me here. I met him on the eve of
bis departure for California. It was
in 1849 that I landed in America,
when the tide of humanity was flow
ing toward the gold fields of the
Pacific ooast.
"My kinsman tried to persuade me
to join his mining party and go to
California in search of wealth. But
I was then as far away from home as
I oared to be, and so declined to go.
I became acquainted with one of tho
teachers in the female seminary at
Marion, Ala., and learned tha1, it was
one of tho garden spotBof the South.
Wealthy planters lived there ; it was
a scat of learning and claimed as
oitizens many of the oldest and most
aristocratic Southern families. I de
cided to go to Marion, and go I did.
I became a teacher at tho seminary
there, where I taught painting, violin,
piano, guitar and the French and
German languages.
"My studies in Europe of drawing
andjjpainting served me well. I came
over here on an old sailing vessel,
and well do I remember to this day
how I had to draw the picture of
every member of the orew from cap
tain to humblest sailor. I had been
in this country one year when my
brother arrived here from Prussia.
"In 1857 I returned to Prussia and
remained in Europe for two years
continuing my studies of art. I
studied both in Munich and Italy.
It was while returning from Italy
and passing through Verona, which
then belonged to Austria, that I saw
the uniform which some years later
was to furnish me tho design for tho
Southern Confederate uniform.
"In Verona one day the notes ol
martial music carno to me. On
searching out thc source I found that
a party of sharpshooters belonging tc
the Austrian army were passing.
"What splendid soldiers and what
noble uniforms," was my involuntary
comment as I saw them. Well might
this be said. They were all great
manly soldiers and were dressed in
the striking uniform of gray with
green trimmings. The green denoted
their branch of the army-the sharp
shooters-and their rank was indi
cated by marks on the collars of theil
coats, bars for lieutenants and cap
tains, stars for the higher officers.
"I returned to America in 1858
and located in Marion. There I paint
ed many portraits of tho worth)
planters and members of theil
family, as well as of othei
prominent people of the South
Andrew Moore was then f
Judge at Marion. Ile afterwardi
became war Governor of Alabama
and was one of the most important
men iii those days in our part of thc
country.
"Mrs. Napoleon Lockett, a beauti
ful Southern woman of an old Vir
ginia family and the wife of a wealth)
planter, lived at Marion. lier eldest
eon married the eldest daughter ol
Governor Moore and one of bei
younger sons married one of thc
younger daughters of Gov. r. o
Moore.
ItKQI :si I KO.M .MKS. LOCKKTT.
"Soon came thc lirst notes of war
Mrs. Lockett was as loyal a daughte
as thc Sontli had, and was much in
tercsted in its affairs then. She cami
to mc one day and said : 'Mr. Mar
schall, we have seceded, and th
Confederate Government wants ?
llag. Will you make us a design? I
must not be too unlike the Unite*
States Hag, but different enough ti
bc distinguished at a distar.ee.'
"At once I took pencil and papei
and made three different design!
The lirst was of two red stripes an
one of white, with a blue Held bcai
ing seven white stars-indicating th
number of Stales that had the
seceded-in the upper left-hand cot
ner. The second design was th
same, except that ?he blue Hold wit
stars was at the extreme left of th
white stripe. The third design had
the two full red stripes at top.and
bottom, the white Btripe in the mid
dle with the blue field and white
stars in the center."
This was the flag of the Confed
erate Government. It is also well
knowu to those familiar with South
ern b'i?tory that this flag-the Stars
and Bars-was placed on the staff
above the Capitol at Montgomery,
Ala., on March 4,1861, by Misa J. C.
Tyler, of Virginia. She was a grand
daughter of John Tyler, ex-President
of the United States.
Continuing his interesting narra
tive, Mr. Marschall said : "Mrs.
Lookett thanked me for the flag de
signs, and started to go. Then she
came back, adding : 'We also want a
denign for a uniform, Mr. Marsohall.
Can't you suggest one ?' The thought
occurred to me of the gray uniforms
I had seen worn by the Austrian
sharpshooters. I took a piece of
paper and made several rough
sketches, indicating the grt y color,
and also the colors on the collars to
denote the branches of the service
buff for ofhcers, yellow for cavalry,
blue for infantry, red for artillery,
etc.
"lt did not occur to me then that
I had done anthing worthy of note.
I simply made the sketches at the
rocpuest of Mrs. Lockett. I knew no
moro about them from then until I
found that the uniform aud one of
the flags had been adopted by the
Confederacy."
This is the story of the gray of
the Confederate army and tho banner
under which tho army fought were
made-a story told by the one who
conceived the plans. Not boastfully,
but with a measure of pride does
Mr. Marschall, when sought out, tell
the story. Ho considers that he has
done little in making the designs,
but ho is to this day proud that his
were the ideas adopted for both the
uniform and flag of the South. It
is a matter of historical fact that
this first design made by Mr. Mar
schall was tho flag adopted by tho
Confederate Government.
SERVED IN TIIK WAK.
When war was declared Marschall
enlisted as a private of volunteers,
going with his command from Mari
on to garrison Forts Morgan and
Gaines, at the mouth of Mobile Bay.
There he served for a time, then re
turned to Marion on a furlough.
While at home, on the advice of a
friend, an officer, he employed a sub
stitute for a year and three months.
Then came tho call for more volun
teers, and again Mr. .Marschall en
listed, this time in the Second Ala
bama Regiment of Engineers. He
served with Col. Lockett, a son of
Mrs. Napoleon Lockett, under Gen.
Polk, just preceding the fall of
Vicksburg. Ile served then in the
Confederate army until the curtain
was finally drawn at Appomattox.
He numbered among his friends
Maj. Jabez Currie, one of Alabama's
ivoalthiest planters, and an uncle of
Dr. J. L. M. Currie. it was at the
suggestion of Maj. Currie, who had
friends in Kontuoky, that ho came to
Louisville to live. He returned to
lis art after tho war and many are
.he treasured portraits in halls and
lomes of the South to-day that stand
is the product of bis brush. Louis
ville became the home of his adop
,ion in 1873. On arriving hero he
ooated in the studio he occupies to
lay, never in all that time having
nado a change.
Catarrh Cannot be Cured
with local applications, as thoy cannot
each thc scat of the disease. Catarrh is
i blood or constitutional disease, and in
oder to euro it you must take internal
emedies. Hall's Catarrh (?uro is taken
nternatly, and acts direotly on tho blood
md mucous surfaces. Hall's Catarrh
Juro is not a quack medicine, lt was
iresoribed by ono of tho best physicians
n this country for years, and is a rogn
ai- prescription. It is composed of tho
lest tonics known, combined with the
>est tdood purifiers, acting directly on
ho mucous surfaces. The perfect cora
>ination of the two ingredients is what,
?reduces such wonderful results in cur
ng catarrh. Send for testimonials, free.
V. .J. Chonoy iv Co., Props., Toledo, O.
Sold by druggists, price 7:">c.
Hall's Family Pills aro tho best.
The Elder's Mistake.
It was at a prayer and conferonce
meeting, and Deacon Smith had
losed off into a half-sleep and half
iwake condition of extreme content
ment, when Elder Jones, who was
'leading the meoting," said :
"Deacon Smith, will you lead in
prayer ?"
Rubbing his eyes, Deacon Smith
laid :
* Tain't my lead, I dealt."-Lippin
jott's.
EVERYTH
AT PRICES
Piotr*, il cent? Iii wight
Little Joe Har
Cole's Planters, fO.76.
Sash, Doors and
Oils and Lead. .
ing. J& Mill Su
Stoves and Rang
We have tho goc
tomers are frienc
MATH ES*
W
Modern Jerusalem.
Life in Jerusalem, according to
Miss Goodrich Freer, the author of
"Inner Jerusalem," is one of anoma
lies and anachronisms. The street
Arah speaks three or four languages.
Apart from the tourists, who aro
representatives ot half of the na
tions of the world, there are Jews,
Mohammedans and Christians. The
streets of Jerusalem are unspeakably
filthy. One oan buy anything he
wants in the city. There are even
French dressmakers who will follow
ont' the latest Parisian fashion.
Water is scavce and mainly derived
from cisterns. The rainfall averages
only thirty or forty inches. There is
a trade in good water, which comes
from the village of Ain Karin, some
three miles distant from Jerusalem.
There is a most unpleasant wind, the
sirocco, which is fatal to vegetation,
.'exhausting to the nerves, irritating
to the temper, parching the skin and
ruinous lo the hair and complexion."
The dews are heavy. Jerusalem has
its special diseases, but tho cure is
quinine.
Insect pests are tho mosquitoes
and most particularly the sand Hies.
One may keep out the mosquito, but
the sand fly is at home everywhere.
Clothing affords no protection. Flies
are overabundant. Winter is more
pleasant than summer. Sometimes
on a winter evening a tire is neces
sary. After all, it is a land of per
petual sunshine, the mean annual
temperature being 63 degrees. With
all its sacredness, Jerusalem is de
scribed as a "topsy turvy laud." In
a holy place the native takes off his
shoes and wears his hat. The men
sport petticoats, and the women ex
pose their legs, while hiding their
faces. Carpets are hung on the walls
and pictures on the ceiling. There
is no apparent gratitude, for in
Arabic there is no word the equiva
lent of "thank you."
Living is cheap. A good cook
may be had by the month for $6.
Mutton is worth from 8 to 10 cents
a pound, chickens about 25 cents a
pair. Fruit is plentiful and reasona
ble. Considering the economy of
living, the author exposes her sur
prise that so few English live in Je
rusalem, "their number boing insigni
ficant when compared with the
American residents." The popula
tion of the city is put down at 60,
000, of whom 40,000 are Jews.
Pl SO-S CU R t F?R?
UH CURFS WritKt AIL ELSE. FAILS.
\ ?cat Congta Syrup. Tantes Oood. USO |
In timo. Sold by driicfdiitfl
?-iii n i ii m - ;
^ CONSUMPTION "?
Keeping the Eyes Open.
It is often remarked that an unac
customed traveler will get on pretty
well if ho will ketty is eyes and cars
open. A native of Ireland landed at
Greenock, and wanted to take the
train to Glasgow.
Novcr having been in a railroad
station, he did Dot know how to get
his ticket ; but he saw a lady going
in, and determined to follow her lead.
The lady went to tho ticket-box,
and putting down her money, said,
"Maryhill, single."
The tioket was duly handed to
her, and she walked away.
Pat promptly planked down his
money, and said, "Patrick Murphy,
married."-Young American.
ING FOR THE
TO SUIT YOUR POC1
keystone Adjustable Woeders, $10.25
rows, $2.05. Caldwell Cotton Di
Climax Planters, $3 25.
Darb Wire, $2.00 per One Hundred Pounds
Blinds. & Blacksmith Tc
*&? Harness. ^ Rubber a
pplies. J? Wagon and Buj
;es.
ids and our prioes sell thei
ls.
" SEE THE SAW."
3N HARDY
ESTMINSTER, S. C.
BABY RATTLESNAKES.
From the Moment o' .min They Take Care
of Ttu...selves.
The fallacies surrounding the rat
tlesnake begin with the very coming
of tho reptile. Many suppose that,
Uko the garter snake, the bull snake,
the members of tho "racer" family
and our other non-poisonous snakes,
the rattlesnake is hatched in broods
numbering from forty to eighty. Not
so. Rattlesnakes are born into the
world, us are all members of the
viperoid family, in litters numbering
from seven to twelve.
Between the middle of July and i
the middle of August the babies ap
pear. Lively, self-reliant, dangerous
little fellows they are, fourteen inches
long, no thicker than a lead penoil,
marked like the adult snakes and
provided with a single button at the
end of the tail, the first link in the
series of rattles to be developed, ring
by ring, with each shedding of the
skin.
Motionless, eyes gleaming, the long
mother lies extended across tho back
of a sand hummock beneath tho fan
like leaf of a dwarf palmetto, glaring
coldly at her activo, squirming
babies. For a brief half hour she
tarries ; then she drags herself away,
for from tho first moment a young
rattler enters the world ho is inde
pendent of bis mother and eminently
able to defend himself. Each young
snake is a full-Hedged rattler, ready
to hunt and ready to defend himself
with the sting of death. Each flat,
triangular little head is provided with
the long, sharp poison fangs contain
ing the identical venom of the
mother snake.-Pearson's Magazine.
MURRAY'S
IRON
MIXTURE.
Now is the time to take a spring tonic.
Hy far the best thing to take is Murray's
[ron Mixture. It makes pure blood and
Sets rid of that tired feeling. At all
ruggists.
50o. A BOTTLE.
Or di root from
THE MURRAY DRUG COMPANY,
Columbia, S. C.
No Escape.
The following telephono con versa
ron is reported to have been heard
between a certain well-known young
financier and a society woman whose
functions are considered somewhat
coring :
"Is that Mr.-?"
"Yes."
"Thie is Mrs.-. Won't you give
is the pleasure of your company at
linner on Monday ?"
"I'm HO sorry, Mrs. -, but I
lave an engagement for Monday."
"Can you como Tuesday, then ?"
"Why, it is most unfortunate, but
T have a partial engagement for
Tuesday, also."
"Well, how about Wednesday ?"
"Oh, hang it! I'll como Monday."
A Twice Told Tale.
Wo Wish to repeat What WO have s.'id
ince boforo in these columns, that I.'
iott's lanni:.?tied Oil Liniment is tho
jest Uniment ever produced for USO in
ibo family and on animals. Best for
*heumatism, lameness, still ness and sore
less of joints or muscles. I ?est for
nuises, contusions, sprains and swoll
ngs. You get a full half pint for 25c,
md get your money back if it does not
lo all it is recommended to do. Wal
lalla Drug Company.
KET BOOK.
Hailook'<t Woedora, $9 26.
rappers, $0.50.
Kiding Cultivators, $25 to $35.
.o?s. Paints,
nd Canvas Belt
ggy Material. J&
n. AJI our cus
Anderson County to Tax Mortgages.
Audorson, April 8.-Tho Daily Mail
publishes tiie following : The County
Board of Equalization bas taken a step
that is attraoting a great deal of atten
tion and may attract a great deal more
attention later on. Tho board at its re
cent meeting appointed a committee to
go over the books in the office of tho \
Clerk of the Court and list all the mort- I
gages and place theBO on the tax books,
as the law requires, lt seems that a
great many mortgagors have not been
paying taxes on the mortgages they hold,
although the law plainly says they shall
do so. All real estate mortgages are to
be listed, as well as chat toi mortgages of
any considerable size. These mortgages
will be listed, and then a circular letter
will be sent to the mortgagor in each
caso, telliug him that bis mortgage bas
been entered for taxation, and notifying
him that if any part of it has boen paid
bo should notify the board at once so a
proper reduction may be made before it
is on ter ed on tho tax books. The com
mittee is now engaged on this work.
Cid. II. H. Watkins has been employed
as au expert to assist the committee.
The Old Time Way.
Our grandmothers gave us powders
and toas bocause they knew nothing of
modern medicine and methods. In this
age of progress and discovery, nicely
coated, compressed tablets aro fast
supercoding the old timo powders and
teas. Kydalc's L ivor Tablets aro com
pressed, chocolate coated tablets, easy to
swallow, pleasant iu off oct, always re
liable. They contain ingredients that
cannot bo used iu powdors and teas; in
gredients that have an effect upon the
liver that is novor obtained from the so
called liver powders, etc. A trial will
prove their merits. Walhalla Drug Com
pany.
-. -
To Bring Back Pocahontas.
Richmond, Va., April 17.-For about
two centuries the body of Pocahontas,
tho Indian Princess, far famed as the
preserver of Capt. John Smith, has lain
in an English grave. It is proposed, de
clared tien. Fitzhugb Loo, president of
tho Jamestown Exposition Company, to
nter her remains, bring thom to this
SOUDtvy and bury them in the sacrod soil
if Jamestown Island some time in tl
..onrac of the exposition to be held tw
/ears hence to oom mem?rate the H lttle
noent of the island. It is not believed
that there, will be any insurmountable
difficulties in the way.
VERY LOW EXCURSION RATES,
BY SOUTHERN RAILWAY,
To the Following Points :
Kansas City, Mo.-Southern Baptist
Convention, May 10-17, 1005. Rate, one
rust-class faro, plus 50 coots, for round
trip. Tickets on sale May 7 to ll, inclu
dive; final limit May 23d, 1005. gm^
St. Louis, Mo. -National Baptist Annifij
irorsary, May 10-24, 1005. Rate, one llrst-"*^
?lass faroj plus 25 cents, for round trip.
Tickets on salo M av 14, 15, 10, with Anal
limit May 27th, 1005.
Asheville, N. C.-South Atlantic Mis
sionary Conference, May 17-21, 1005.
Rate, ono first-class fare, plus 25 couts,
Tor tho round trip. Tickets on salo May
Kith and 17th; final limit May 23d, 1005.
Fort Worth, Texas-ti onoral Assembly
Southern Presbyterian ('burch, May 18-20
1005. Kate, ono first-class fare, plus
12.00, for round trip. Tickots on salo
May 15, 10, 17; final limit May 31st, 1005.
Toronto, Ont.-International Sunday
School Association, .lune 20-27, 1005.
Kate, one first-class fare, plus 50 couts,
for round trip. Tickets on salo Juno 10,
10, 22, 23, 1005; limitod Juno 80th, 1005.
Hot Springs, Va.-Southern Hardware
lobbers' Association, Juno 6?0, 1005.
[tato, ono hi st class faro, plus 25 cents,
for round trip. Tickots on Balo June 8,
I, 5; final limit Juno 13th, 1005.
Savannah, Ga.-National Travolors'
Protective Association of Amorica, May
10-23, 11)05. Rate, one inst class faro,
dus 50 conts, for round trip. Tickots on
talo May 13th and 14th; final limit May
50th, 1005.
Savannah, Ga.-Fourth Annual Tour
lamont Southern Golf Association, May
) 13, 1005. Rato, ono flrst-olass fare, plus
!5 conts, for round trip. Tickots on salo
Hay 7, 8, 0, 1006; limitod May 15th, 1005. ,-\
The Southern Railway is tho most
iireot line to all of tbo above points,
>perating Pullman sleeping cars, high
>ack vestib- ..e coaohes, with superb din
ng car sorvico. For detailed information
ipply to any tiokot agont of this com
pany, or R. W. HUNT. D. P. A.,
Charleston, S. C.

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