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Comprehensivo Facts and Figures- Valuable
Information and Sensible Advice.
President Harvio Jordan, of tho
Southern Cotton Annulation, lias
prepared since his return from Texas
and the other Western ?States, an ar
ticle regarding the consumption of
American cotton in thc markets of
the world, showing exactly tho
amount necessary to supply the de
mand. Mr. Jordan points out that
the Southern people are still holding
on to tooir cottou everywhere, and
tn&t this holding, couplod with tho
vigorous campaign made hy thc as
sociation has helped keep the price
up. Ho shows clearly that another
?ooh crop as tho one of last year
would result disastrously to tho
South. Mr. Jordan says :
Tho American cotton crop of
1904, as recently estimatod by the
United States census bureau,
amounts to practically 18,600,000
bales. Of this amount 200,000 are
yet to be ginned and about 250,000
bales are what is known as linters, or
the lint ginned from tho sood at the
cotton oil mills. This amount of cot
ton is far in excess of any crop pre
viously grown in the South. The
last bumper crop was mado in 1898
and amounted to 11,270,000 bales.
The crop of 1904, therefore, exceeds
thc crop of 1898 by fully 2\ miiiion
The consumption of American cot
ton by tho mills of thc world at the
present time will amount to 11,000,
(100 bales pornunum. If the present
rate of consumption is maintained,
wo shall still have nearly 2? million
bales from the crop of 1904 to carry
over into tho fall of 1905 and to be
added to tho crop which will be har
vested during the present year.
The enormous crop of 13,000,000
bales recently reported from tho cen
sus department is, no doubt, practi
cally correct, as the bureau claims to
have had reports from all the ginnors
operating in the South and the esti
mate of the orop was based upon
those reports. If wo have a surplus
of 2j million bales and thc consump
tion of American cotton is not moro
han IIA million bales per annum, it
is quite evident that a crop greater
than 9,000,000 bales the present year
would simply put thc producers in a
position of heaping surplus and
thereby depreciating the prico of
cotton next fail to a figure considera
bly below the cost of production.
Kven the production of a normal
crop in 1905, added to tho surplus,
would give us another abnormally
Wc have been able to retard the
downward tendency in tho price of
cotton for the past two months be?
canso of the persistent holdings of
spot cotton and thc promise on thu
part of thc producers that thc acre
age would be largely decreased in
1905. If, however, on the 3d ?lay of
lune, when the bureau report is is
sued by the United States govern?
nient, thc aoreagO in cotton for 190;*)
is shown to closely approximate that
of 190 I, it will bo utterly impossible
to maintain present prices for cotton,
and tho tendency will be downward
thc balance of the year. In the face
of the census report and thc undis
puted fact that a heavy surplus is to
be carried over into thc crop of 1005,
it would appear foolhardy indeed for
tho growers of cotton to madly rush
forward and recklessly engage in the
planting of another large acreage of
cotton during the present spring.
Thore is but one way out of tho
dilemma in which we arc now placed.
Tho task is not a difficult ono if
every man will do his full duty in
tho promises. That duty is to re
duce the cotton acreage on every
farm planted in 1904 by at least 25
i?cr cent for 1905, and at tho same
time make a corresponding reduction
in the use of commercial fertilizers
s under cotton as compared with thc
. juantity used in 1904. There is ab
solutely no other way of solving thc
present problem w hich confronts thc
cotton growers of the South and to
meet thc emergency as it at present
Under the present systematic
method of gathering statistics by the
United States government if will bc
utterly impossible for thc cotton
?growers to deceive tho public as to
.Une amount of cotton acreage put
into cultivation during tho next GO
days. Tho United States depart
ment of agriculture, through its
thousands of correspondents in thc
cotton bolt, will have propared a
?carefully tabulated statement, which
' will bu issued on Juno 8d, stating
the number of aores of cotton that
! will be planted iu the South this
I yoar. If this report shows a general
1 deoreaso tn aoreage of 25 per cont,
: then the problem of Southern pros
perity during the year 1905 will be
solved. If, however, tho report in
dicates but a small decrease, or
shows practically tho samo aoreage
as that of 1904, uo power under
j heaven oan stop tho immodiato
? downward tendency in tho price of
j cotton, and financial ruin and disaster
' will present itself to evory line of
I business and all thu professions in
the South within tho next eight
months. The attention of the entire
cotton world is turned at this time
upon the aotion of the cotton groweis
and they have now the practical con
trol of the entire situation.
The demand for cotton goods is
unprecedented, and with a full sup
ply of cotton on hand, every mill will
be operated to its full oapaoity dur
ing the next twelve months. There
fore, if the acreage is reduced 25
por cent and the spot holders of cot
ton eontin ue in their present deter
mination to refuse to sell their cot
ton at existing prices, there eau be
no question that as soon as the acre
age has been definitely ascertained,
showing the reduotion which is
! asked, the price of cotton will imme
diately advance toa figure which
will give to evory farmer who has
held his cotton a fair profit upon its
production. There is no business
senso in producing cotton at a loss.
I It would bo bettor for the individual
to plant no cotton at all than to
spend tho ?nergie? of the year pro
ducing a staple which whon placed
upon the market will not, bring
enough money to pay for the cost of
its production. It is a well estab
lished fact that no material can be
woven into cloth in competition with
American cotton up to 14 cents?|per
pound. The Southern cotton growers,
I therefore, have a practical monopoly
I of thc clothing business of the world
when tho price of their staple is not
i advanced to a price beyond ten or
I twelve cents per pound. Thc only
i active competitor of American cot
ton at this time is American cotton
-in other words, our own staple is
competing against itself in thc mar
kets of the country, due to tho fact
that wo have raised moro of it than
! tho world can consume, and tho sur
plus is being used as a hammer to
. depress the price of that part of the
crop which is actually needed for
Another important factorj is that
we have practically no system of
; marketing thc cotton orop, selling it
with an utter disregard of the de
mand and putting an enormous over
supply on lim market during a short
period of time and^allowing tho price
to bc controlled almost entirely by
We can successfully meet the ti rat
difficulty by curtailing tho ?produc
tion in lill);') to moot thu legitimate
demand for consumption ? jin 1906 by
decreasing thu acreage and not mak
ing the crop more than 9,000,000
bales thc present year. Wc can suc
cessfully meet the second ditliculty
by encouraging thc immediate eon
[ struotion of a flrsi-olassj|system of
? modern up-to-date standard ware
houses throughout all important
' points in the cotton belt, |whcro our
cotton can be stored and handled at
a minimum cost and sold slowly tc
j meet tho legitimate demands of the
mills. Thc cotton mills would greatly
i prefer a stable price for cotton and
arc quite willing to pay a minimum
price of 10 cents per pound for all
! thc cotton they need for consump
\ tion. Every cotton grower must be
gin to realizo that the low price ol
bis cotton is largely fixed by th<
j manner in which bc sells it and thal
I it' we expect to maintain prices at
profitable ligures, wo must got rid ol
! the old primitive methods of selling
! the crop as fast as it is g ithcred an<
begin to sell tho staple ns th<
Western wheat raisers sell theil
I wheat, that is by placing the produo
I upon the market as it is demanded
for consumption and not sell it sub
jeot to tho fluctuating value brough
about by speculation.
Mr. Kirksey's Recommendation.
Mr. Kirksoy writes: I give a potutiv
: guarautco with evory box of Ilydale'
Stomach Tablets and Livor Tablots I sell
and have novor boon asked to rofund tin
money in a singlo instance I bavo usei
thoso tablets in my family with best rc
suits, W. L. Kirksoy, Morganton, N. ?
Rydalo's Tablots are propared by tb
Radical Romody Company, Hickory. N
C., who authorl/.o every doalor in tbei
?reparations to gunranteo every box o
ottlo of tboir medicino they soil. Wal
( halla Drug Company.
THE GREAT MONEY-GETTER.
Some ol Mr. Rockefeller's Sources ol In*
come Besides Standard Oil.
Tho Rockefeller interests get $40,
000,000 to $50,000,000 every year in
dividends from tho Standard Oil
Company. Bul the Standard io by
no moana the only source of their
revenue." They own the biggest
bank in New York, besides a chain
of something like 100 other banks
located in business centres through
out thc United States. They own
private car lines, tauk cars, fruit cars
and all kinds of private oars aud a
large part of the 210,000 miles of
American railroads. They own tho
controlling iuterest in the United '
States Steel Trust, and in all the
copper raines of the world. They
have fastened their clutches ou the
coal and iron mines of the country,
and on the street oar business, the
telephones and gaa and eleorio light
works in New York and in many
other prinoipal cities and their boats
and ships on tho Ohio, on the Missis
sippi, in the canals, on the Great
Lakes, and on tho sea are more
numerous and more valuable than
the American navy.
Nobody, in fact, but themselves
knows how varied are the interests,
and how enormous are the profits of
this daring, talented Bod wonderfully
successful band of speculators and
financiers. There is, perhaps, not a
man, woman or child in the United
States who does not pay tributo to
them in Burne form or other each
year. Since tho days of Solomon
there has never been sch a gigantic
combination of wealth as that owned
by the Standard people, and it is
practically all under the control of
one man. What John D. Rockefeller
says "goes" with stockholders in all
the companies he has organized or
now manages. Ile is aggressive and
all competent, and appears to bo re
morseless and insatiable in his pur
suit of thc almighty dollar. In the
accumulation of his fortune he has
violated and defied the spirit, if not
the lotter, of the laws, yet the law as
it stands guarantees ?tim security in
the possession of every dollar of
property he owns. So in the midst
of all thc clamor be has excited, per
haps John I). Rockefeller feels safe.
Kansas City Journal.
I? a Cow gave
mankind would have to
invent milk. Milk ls Na
ture's emulsion -butter
put in shape for diges
tion. Cod liver oil is ex
tremely nourishing, but
it has to be emulsified
before we can digest it.
combines the best oil
with the valuable hypo
phosphites so that it is
easy to digest and does
far more good than the
oil alone could. That
makes Scott's Emulsion
the most strengthening,
nourishing food - medi
cine in the world.
Send for froo sample.
SCOTT Si BOWNE, Chemists
409-415 Pearl Street New York
SOc. and $ t ,OQ. All druggists
The New Cure (or Consumption.
"Tho tapeworm is the natural
enemy of thc germ of consumption,
and the latter cannot exist when the
other is present," Kays Consul Can
ada, at Vera Crux, Mexico, in a report
just received at thc State depart
ment. Thc consul states that two
eminent scientists have discovered
that tho tapeworm prevents the
organism from being infected with
tuberculosis haccili, arni il has been
proven in the case of a consumptive
affected with tapeworm that he com
pletely recovered his health. To
establish the efficacy of this remedy
tho doctors injected a liqnid prepared
from the taenia into several consump
tives, which resulted in a complete
Mahoole : "Nixttoimo Oi pass wid
a loidy, Mulligan, ye've got to re
move yor hat !
Mulligan : "An' suppose O i re
Mahoole : "Thin, bedad, yo've got
to remove yer coat."-Modern So?
I AM DETERMIN
The Best is Aiwa
Where Everybody Smokes.
I think every man, woman and
ohild in Japan smokes. This may
be an exaggeration, espeoially as re
gards -the children ; but it .is no ex
aggeration to say that smoking is as
much a part of the everyday life of
the people as is eating or drinking,
and it is indulged in by women with
the same innoeent, nonchalant enjoy
ment as is exhibited by the men. It
was a bit of a shook to me when I
first came to Japan to come face to
face with this fact before I had an
opportunity to form any sort of im
pression of the little women in whom
I was prepared to he so interested. I
landed at Nagasaki and almost im
mediately took a train for Moji,
whence J was to go for a trip through
the interior, lt wan early morning,
and, being in the midst of the rainy
season, everything was soggy damp.
The first-elans carriage into which
I was shown was anything but first
class ; it was unclean] and badly
ventilated, and its only other occu
pants were two Japanese ladies and a
utan. The women had evidently
just finished breakfasting in the car,
and were now sitting on their feet
upon thc seat absolutely enwrapped!
in clouds of thc most evil-smelling
smoke, which they puffed from lon;?
cigarettes. They were beautifully
dressed in silk kimonos and were un
doubtedly gentlewomen. I knew
that even then, when I had seen so
few, and I must confess I was rather
annoyed, because their daintiness
seemed to bc entirely destroyed. But
now, after a residence of months, I
think I would rather see them smoko
than not. They do it so daintily
and innocently, with such frank en
joyment, and so constantly, that it
seems a very part of their quuint
Eight Under Death Sonterce in South Carolina.
Columbia, April 8.-Tbore arc eight
men now in this State under sonteuco of
doath. Until Adams was granted a uow
trial there wero nine men sontonced to
bo hanged. This is a remarkable record.
It is a condition of affairs that has its
deep significance. Moro mou aro now
under sontonco of death in this Stato
than there aro murders in somo States
with larger population.
The list of men nuder doath sonteuco
is as follows: Nod Mack, at Manning;
Sam Marks, at Darlington; Hob .tonkins,
white, at Darlington, convicted of having
killed a colored man; Karlo Rochester,
of Oconee, white; Aaron Williams, of i
Kershaw; Flotchor Hird, of Oreenvillo;
Harmer eriswell, of Greenville; Marion
Parr, white, of Columbia.
Of the eight mon undor death sontonco
in tho Stato to-day Parr, Rochester and
Jenkins aro white. How many of this
number will oscapo tho gallows it is
haul to say, but from present appear- j
anccs t here is a decided indication of at I
least half a dozen hangings in this Stato j
within tho next two or throo mouths. !
There may bo othor hangings scheduled,
but they aro not recalled at tho moment,
but oight at ono timo is snob an unusual
record that it is woll worth commenting
"00 British Soldiers Buried.
London, April 7.-Tho Kxchango Tele
graph Company says five hundred soldiers
were buried alivo in tho recent earth?
quake at Dharmsala, and there is no
chanco to roscuo thom. Four hundred of
tho men wero of thc Sovonth Cuorkah
regiment. A dispatch comos from Laboro
also stating that it is holioved tho whole
Kangra Valley in Punjab bas boen de
The Baptist Young People's Un'on
for noxt year will meet at SpartanJ
Toke Laxative Bron
Seven Million boxes soM In post 13 n
TO THINB OWV SK),r BB TRUE ANT) IT MUST FOLLOW AH THE NIGHT THU DAY, THOU OANB'T NOT THRN BX PALS.K TO ANY MAN.
BY JAYNFI8. SH KLOH, HM ITU & 8TI5CK.
WALHALLA, HOI TH OAKOI.INA, APRIL 12, lUOft.
NRW SKIUKH, NO. 304-VOLUME I*V.-KO.
J. H. MOORE, M. D.,
Physician and Surgeon, T
Calls left at reeldeuoe or J. H. Darby's
)rug Store will receive prompt attention,
DAY OR NIGHT.
Phones t Residence 98, Drug Store 18.
Nu. J. STRIBLINO. R 4 E. L. HRBNDON.
WALHALLA, S? C.
["ROMPT ATTENTION GIVKN TO ALL BUSI
NESS ENTRUSTED TO TH KM.
January 6. 1898.
J. P. Carey,
Piokens, S. C.
J. W. Shelor,
Walhalla, S. C.
CAREY & SHELOR,
Attorneys and Counsellors, ?fl
Walhalla, S. C. SQ
Will practice in the State and United
Bustneas entrusted to our caro will re
nd ve prompt and careful attention.
R. T. JA YNES,
WALHALLA, - - S. C.
Bell Phone No. 20.
Practico in State and Federal Courte.
Business entrusted to my care receives
prompt attention. 1-06
If. J. CARTER, H. D.
Office two doors above the Bank, in
Westminster, S. C.
Dr. G. C. Probst,
Walhalla, S. C.
Office Over C. W. Pitchford Co.'s
: : : Store, : : :
HOURS : 8.30 A. M. TO 1 p. M. AND 2 TO 0
DR. J. H. BURGESS,
SENECA, 8. C.
OFFICE OVER NIMMONS' STORE, DOVI.R
Office Hours: 0 A. M. to 1 P. M.
" " 2 P. M. to 0 P. M.
_April 20, 1004. _16-tf
Dr, W. F. Austin,
Office Over J. W. Byrd cfc Co.
I AM NOW IX MY OFFICE KV Eli Y
PHONE NO. 51.
BLUE RIDGE RAILWAY CO.
HETWKEN HELTON AND WALHALLA.
Time Table No. 8.-In Effect .lan. 9, 1Q05.
Lv Wost Union.
Ar Seneca .
Lv ?Jordania Junction
Lv . A dania.
Lv ?Cherry. .
Lv 'A H m H.
Lv ?West Anderson_
Ar Anderson- PassDep
10 6 8 18
3 lois 43
3 12|5 46
3 36 6 10
Lv ?Anderson-Fr't De
Ar Anderson-Pass Do
Lv Anderson-Pass De
Lv ?West Anderson_
Lv ?Jordania Junction.
Lv West Union.
. Flag stations.
Will also stop at tho following stations to take
on and let off passengers : Phinney's, James's and
Sandy Springs and Toxaway.
Nos. ll and 12, first class passenger, dally; Nos
9 and 10, daily except Sunday; Nos. 6 and 6,
Sunday only; Nos. 4 and 7, second class, mixed,
dally except Sunday; Nos. 3 and 8, second <-l,i,
H. C. HE ATTIE, President.
J. R. ANDERSON. Superintendent.
HE SOUTHERN RAILWAY.
THE SOUTH'S GREATEST SYSTEM.
Unoxcollod Dining Car Servioo.
Through Pullman Sleeping Cars on all
Convenient Scbedules on all Local Trains.
Winter Tourist RatoB aro now in offect
to all Florida points.
For full information as to ratoB, routos,
otc., consult nearest Southern Railway
Tickot Agent, or
R. W. HUNT,
Division Passonger Agent,
Charleston, S. C.'
ia Two Day?,