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HOB WHITE FARMERS' FRIEND.
Scientist, Demonstrates Partridge Val
uable as Man's Ally.
(Charleston News and Courier.)
The following extract ls from
"Useful Birds and Their Protection,"
by Edward H. Porbush, ornltholo
gist of the Massachusetts State Board
of Agriculture. It is a most inter
esting and valuable work, finely il
lustrated with portraits ol' hirds and
the harmful insects which hirds aro
intended by nature to keep in check.
It ls well known that without hirds
man and animals could not continue
to oxlst. for all vegetation would ho
devoured hy countless hordes cf in
sects. Hirds are nature's police and
maintain the equilibrium of creation
by feeding on insects. In proportion
as vegeatlon nourishes or degener
ates, man himself nourishes or de
generates, for the farming Interests,
tho food and clothing producers, are
far more important than all other in
Tho above hook has been publish
ed to educate the public by means of
an appropriation of $5,500 hy the
Legislature of Massachusetts, and ls
distributed gratuitously in certain
local quarters and sold to the out
side public for a mero fraction of Its
value. Besides this, Massachusetts
has established and rigidly enforces
judicious laws for the preservation
of hirds through a thorough system
of honest and active game wardens,
and has, as have also thirty-five
other States of the Union, a hunters'
license, which more than defrays the
expenses. She also employs at good
salaries competent official experts to
scientifically and practically ascer
tain what ls advisable for bird pres
ervation. These New England peo/
ple have never been accused of spend
ing one cent In a public or private
capacity without a well assured cer
tainty of an ample return for the ex
pendtlure, and therefore lt is clear
from the above what Importance
they attach to bird preservation, lt
is obvious how incomparably more
important it is In South Carolina,
where agriculture ls incomparably
more Importnnt. Moreover, here un
happily, we have a visitation, which
kind Providence has spared them, in
. hordes of idle negroes of all ages
daily roaming around tho country
and t.'.klng care that the work of
bird extermination goes merrily on
at all season? of the year. Yet our
people are probably more densely
ignorant of the subject and more
blindly reckless of the consequences
of their Ignorance than any civilized
race on the face of the earth. We
have laws for bird preservation
which are not enforced; a game war
den without a cent of salary or other
pecuniary provision, thus making the
whole thing a ghastly joke; no hunt
ers' license, (although thirty-five en
lightened States have), which even
at one dollar a piece would supply
mote than ample funds to enforce
the law, besides greatly curtailing
ihe number of vagrant negro tres
i dbaerve thai, Mrs. Russell sage
h.'..* domwd * i 5rt,OQ0-.towards bird
"proitetvat'Ht ju louisiana. While
we ave- ftp much evicted over ?be he
.'iuies.< wc Buffer at the hands of hill
np.naires, ( which aro indisputably
numerous enough), would it not he
well to pull the beam out of our own
eye and lay up a little credit balance
iu Heaven to chock against in the
The extract above referred to is as
follows. lt concerns only ono bird,
hut that is an important one, the
paltridge, (miscalled "quail," a bird
which does not exist in tho United
States, according to the American
Ornithological Union, an undisputed
authority ) :
"The feeding habits of tho Hob
White are such that it must be ra lili
ed by the farmer as one i>f the most
useful birds of field and garden. It
is very nearly harmless, as it takes
little grain or fruit. Occasionally In
the corn field it pecks at a broken
down ear of corn, and lt picks a good
deal of waste grain in the stubble of
oats and wheat. It sometimes eats
a few strawberries, but these are ev
idently not a favorite food, for hirds
in captivity have refused them when
hungry. On tho other hand, Hob
White, during spring and summer,
feeds on many of the most destruct
ive pests of garden and field, and In
fall and winter eats great numbers
of the seeds of many noxious weeds.
Dr. Judd makes some interesting cal
culations regarding the quantity of
insects and weed seeds consumed by
the Bob White in Virginia and North
Carolina. Estimating that there are
four hirds to each square mile In
these States, and that each hird con
sumes half an ounce of weed seed
daily from September 1 to April 1,
ho concludes that one thousand,
three hundred and forty tons are
eaten by quail (partridges) annually
III tho two Stiitow. and II? insects
form about one-third of the birds'
food from .lune I to August 1, he es
timates that partridges eat three
hundred and forty tons of insects in
these States within those two months.
"It is somewhat remarkable that
tho partridge feeds on most of tho
superlatively destructive crop and
garden pests in North America,
among them the Rocky Mountain lo
cust, chinch bug. cotton worm, Mexi
can cotton boll weevil, army worm,
Colorado potato beetle, striped cu
cumber beetle, May beetle, bean leaf
beetle and several species of grass
hoppers, More. .!;;;:! one third of its
food for Angus! consists of Insects, of
which very ?few are useful species.
The partridge eats many ground bee
tles, hut mainly those species which
feed to some extent on vegetation
and which become destructive If al
lowed to increase unduly, lt is prob
ably the most effective enemy of the
Colorado potato heidie. A corres
pondent wrote me that he had watch
ed the partridge feeding on potato
beetles and other insects on his farm,
believed that each hird raised on hin
place was worth five dollars to him
as an Insect-killer. He declines to
allow any more part ridges to bo kill
ed on his farm.
"Dr. Judd says that C. IO. Romaine,
of Crockett, Texas, wrote that quail
(partridges) were nesting about hie
fences and even in his garden, and
had kept his potato patch entirely
free from the Colorado potato hug,
Prom seventy-five to over one hun
GOOD OLD SCUPPERNONG WINK. 1
Product of ? Descendant of Wild <
Tlie scuppernong 1B tho popular
grape with the people ol' tho South- t
ern States, and they are also fond of ' i
the vine. But the scuppernong vine j1
ls in a class hy Itself. lt ls the -
near-descendant of a wild species, (
and retains many characteristics of I .
tho uncultivated vine, which loves to
run when and where it will. '
Tho vinos are propagated from \
runners which may he had from any I,
estahlished vine by pulling or dig-1 (
ging up the overhanging and rooted
brnncheB. These should be set out 1
in tho fall, and may be trained |
either on a scaffold or trellis, the for- ?
mer requiring less attention, while
the latter affords easier access for
pruning and gathering the fruit and j1
gives tho vine more fruit-bearing i
The running poles are best if of j i
large cypress or juniper saplings, ,
three to tl ve inches in diameter, strip
lied of their bark; yet any sort of
pole or rail may bo used for this pur
pose, as it may easily be replaced :
when rotten. If trellising is pre
ferred convenience may again be re- !
garded In the selection of posts, as on
account of their small sl/.e lt is not
dilllcult to replace thom when
The old theory was that tho scup
pernong vine did not need pruning,
but the recent li vcstlgatlons of Prof.
Ilusmann, of the United States de
partment of agriculture, and ol other
careful observes show that the scup
pernong viney, whether grown on ar
bor or trellis, do better if properly
pruned. Tho grapes grow In small
clusters, each of half a dozen berries
or less, like bunches of cherries.
When ripe the fruit is not picked
by hand as you lind in other vine
yards, but on account of the high
running vines the grapes are shaken
into large sheets of burlap or cloth
spread underneath the vine. The
growers sell their crops not by the
ton, but at so much a bushel. Ac
cording to tho American Wine Press,
the scuppernong grape bas a peculiar
llavor and odor which are always rec
ognizable in the wine. The qualities
of the fruit are such that they are
not easy to handle in a dry wine, and
so most of tho scuppernong is made
into sweet wine.
EVERY STREET IN WALHALLA
Uns Its Share of tho Proof that Kid
ney Sufferers Seek. \
Backache? Kidneys weak?
Distressed with urinary Ills?
Want a reliable kidney remedy?
Don't have to look far. Use what
Walhalla people recommend. Every
Btreet in Walhalla has Its cases.
Here's one Walhalla woman's ex
Let Mrs. Hunt tell it.
Mrs. Mary M. Hunt, South Broad
otreet, Walhalla, S. C., says: "I suf
fered ? groat deal from weak ,}>?d- .
ney.-; and my back and head fn'hoil. i
li was suuloot. to' dizzy nd iv iv->,!'.
j ?pells and i seemed unable to . ge o'I
! r< def iinUl I obtained .Po-.n's h'.i. v v
j Pill? ; i Dr Bell's dVu'f' . tore. y,'hOjk
soon mane a marked imploveitieftl,
and I continued their use until all
symptoms of my trouble disappeared.
My experience with Donn's Kidney
Pills has boen so satisfactory that I
can recommend tho remedy highly."
For salo by all dealers. Price 5 0
cents. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo,
New York, solo agents for the United
Remember tho name-Doan's
and take no other. adv.
Toddy's 5 Ith Birthday.
Oyster Bay, N. Y., Oct. 27.-To
day . as Theodore Roosevelt's fifty
founh anniversary and he celebrated
it quietly with his family. Mrs.Roose
velt, Miss Ethel, Theodore Roosevelt,
Jr., and his wife, and Quentin, sat
down io tho birthday dinner with
tho head ol' the family. In the after
noon the Emlen Roosevolts dropped
In to extend their congratulations,
and Oscar Straus, Progressive candi
date for Governor of New York, and
Mrs. Straus, came from New York by
Col. Roosevelt did not leavo the
house to-day. His walk of yesterday
tired him so much that it was
thought best for him to rest. Dr. Al
exander Lambert and Dr. George E.
Brewer came from New York to dross
his wound and found their patient
continuing to improve.
(Ired potato beetles have been found
In quails' (partridges') stomachs.
Clover-leaf beetles, corn-hill bugs,
wire-worms and many other beetles
and larvae are eaten.
"Prof. Aughey found live hundred
and thirty-nine locusts in the sto
machs of twenty-one birds, or an av
erage of twenty-five apiece. The
Bob White not only linds many cut
worms, hut picks ui? the parent
moths, as well as ants, flies and spi
"The young are fed almost entire
ly on insect food. Mr. Nash says they
eat their own weight of insects daily.
As ail Insect-eater the partridge ls
worth its weight in gold to the far
mer and gardener. If it could he
protected and increased in numbers,
and if lt could be allowed to come
confidently about tho farmstead, per
haps it would become the most useful
hird of the garden.
"In late spring and early summer
its vegetable food is largely confined
to such seeds as it can pick up. and
to green grass, chickweed, sorrel,
plover and other succulent leaves
land some buds. In tho perennial
problem of weed destruction there ls
no greater ally of the farmer than
this hird, lt eals tho seeds of over
sixty species of weeds. Seeds form
I one-half of its food, and among them
tho ragweed seems to be tho favor
i Ito. As many as two hundred to
. three hundred seeds of smart weed,
five hundred of tho red sorrel, seven
, hundred of Ibo three-seeded mercury
and one thousand of ragweed have
i boen eaten at a meal. According to
I Dr. Judd five thousand seeds of
green foxtail and ton thousand of
, pigweed have been found In a single
hird." Edward L. Moll.
J. 8. GLOllU-fl?lUIilNG SYSTEM.,
Jar Government Completes tho Most !
Powerful Plant In tho World.
Washington, Oct. 28.-Crackling;
ind sputtering with life, tho navy's
mw wireless station at Arlington, :
/a.-tho most powerful In tho world
-to-night dung from its lofty pertala ;
he first message which signalized
;he completion of an Important stop:
n the building of a globe-girdling I
vlreless system which will keep every j
ddp of tho United States navy and :
ivory insular possession within in
cant communication of the capital.
Wireless operators, professional
and amateur, on one side of the |
ilobe probably had their Instruments'j
nt their ears to-night, straining to '
catch the faint buzzes as the power- !
ful appartaus sputtered out its calls j
for Panama, Colon and the Atlantic
coast navy stations.
First Flashes Sent Out.
Down in tho sound proof operat
ing room, windowless and protected
by double doors, some of the navy's
most experienced opeurtors, directed
by Lle;t Woodworth, snit out tho
N-Ha-X, N-A-X, the call for Co
lon, 1,785 miles away, was sent!
hurtling through the ether. AL In
tervals the instruments sparkled off
N-A-R, the call for Key West, 975
miles off. No official messages were
sent, but the results of the tests were
noted at all stations on the Atlantic
coast as well as Key West and Co
lon and reports on the trials will be
The radius of the new plant will
be 3,000 miles. This range, probably
the acme of wireless operations, will
be attained gradually and it may be
weeks before the big plant is "tuned
up" to its highest efficiency. Com
munication with the Pacific coast
will bc attempted only at night for
the present, but later on throughout
the day the secretary of the navy
at his desk in Washington will be
within Instantaneous communication
with Key West; Guantanamo, Colon,
the naval coaling stations, the win
ter manoeuvre grounds and all At
lantic stations. When the plant is
working perfectly and the chain of
stations is completed Washington
will bo In touch with Hawaii, Samoa,
Guam, the Philippines and Pearl
Cost of Plant $1,000,000.
The completed system will cost
about $1,000,000. The seas will not
longer be n wilderness for the navy.
Ships, because of weaker equipment,
cannot talk with the powerful plant
at Arlington, but they may relay
messages to the various stations for
transmission to Washington.
Three huge towers, on the brow of
a hill overlooking the Potomac and
dwnrfing the Washington monument,
hold the aerials. In their construc
tion some skilled iron workers who
'.?'d.'bravVj death on many skyscrape
?. ) ^'decRnmr t. work -at- si.ch dizzy
c.-i?vatr. OMM Lowef; ie (Rm fee! j: ho vt :
thc h li whole it'1 base ivs.'s, any! tba*
Is&SffyTfoe? a bow the id Vi'. Thc oth
m-'i i"i?';u.-15^ feet
Moonshiner Gives Up.
(Greenville Piedmont, Oct. 28.)
William (alias Babe) Durham, the
moonshiner, who took French leave
Of the United States Court on Octo
ber 17th, while the jury was out con
sidering a case against him and live
other mountaineers for illicit distil
lation of whiskey, and for whose re
turn to the court Judge Rose h.sued
a hench warrant and also an order
estreating his bond, "stalked" Into
tho county jail during the wee small
hours of last night. He was accom
panied by his bondsmen, who had
signed a bond of $3,000.
This morning Durham called for a
Piedmont reporter and made a full
explanation of why he loft the court
room so unceremoniously. He said
that ho had "important biz ness to
tend to." Ile said that upon leaving
the court room he went immediately
to his home In the upper section of
Greenville county, and there he
stayed until he had been Informed
by his bondsman, T. M. Ballow, that
In making tho bond the Clerk of
Court had set it at $3,000 instead of
$300. He said that since his so
called escape from the court room
he had spent the time at his moun
tain home. The prisoner now "en
joys" rations handed him through
the prison bars.
Conference Charities and Correction.
Greenwood, Oct. 29.-The South
Carolina Conference of Charities and
Correction will meet next month at
Greenville. Distinguished speakers
have been secured, including Dr. H.
H. Mart, of the Russell Sage Founda
tion, New York; Owen R. Lovejoy,
general secretary of tho National
Child Labor Committee; Miss Jean
Gordon, the noted philanthropist bf
New Orleans; J, C. Logan, secretary
of the Associated Charities of Atlan
ta; Lieut. Governor Chas. A, Smith,
Dr. W. P. Jacobs and Hon. Richard
Civic leagues, literary clubs, asso
ciated charities, Danica classes aro
Invited to send delegates. All per
sons interested in the work of char
ity and reform will he welcomed to
the conference, November 12 to 14.
"Conductor!" exclaimed an Irate
woman who carried many bundles, as
she paused on tho platform of tho
crowded car, "I thought I told you
that I wanted to get off at. Fifty
"Don't you say a word! I know
all about your car being very full,
and not being able to remember
where everybody gets Off, I've heard
all that before."
"But, madam, I-."
"You may be sure that 1 shall re
port you, slr; and for your impu
She alighted, the cont'actor rang
his bell, and as the ear started he
said, politely, as ho touched bin cap,
"Pm very sorry madam, hut Fifty
second street is half a mlle farther
It is so FRESH and PURE that
YOU USE ONE-FOURTH LESS
than with other brands. You save
money. You get better results.
is packed right where it is made (the only
soda factory in the South), and comes to
you in sealed, air-tight, strength-keeping
cartons-fresh and pure.
16 Full Ounces to the Pound.
And no higher in price
For a Limited Time Only.
Cat oui the top from six Ka^le-Tlits&L
pack age? md enclose with ???pb?
.'.ATi below and 58c Lu partially JO.^X
expense, and we will send you promptly,
all charges prepaid, one set (6) Rogers'
These spoons are beau
tiful in design and bear no
advertising. Retail value
$2.00 per dozen.
All good grocers carry our soda?
THE MATHIESON ALKALI WORKS,
I encloao the tops cut from 6 Eagle-Thistle
packages, also Money Order (or stamps) for 58c.
Please send me, all charges prepaid, ono set (G)
Rogers' Guaranteed Genuino Silver Plated Tea
Miss (or) Mrs.
HUH . J .RYELAND WML WED.
iv miconienl of Betrothal is Made
bj Princeton Head.
Princeton, N. J., Oct. 30.- Mrs.
Grovi Cleveland has authorized thc
t nu ou (icemen t of her engngomoni to
Th ?mas .'<?so|)h Preston, professor of
li reba oology and history of arts ot
Wells ''oiiege. The date of the mur
ringo lg not yet determined.
M . . MeVeland is a graduate of
Wei ; College and has boen a trus
; it institution since tssT.
Sin married President Grover
ind In tho Executive Mansion
du ri np his first administration.
C ': father, Oscar Polsom, was a
I partner of Mr. Cleveland, who,
Mr, Polsom's death in 1S7."?,
' .:: ! ranees Polsom's guardian.
\. \ t his retirement from the Pres
Mi\ Cleveland made his per
al homo in Princeton and Mrs.
has continued to reside
duce the former President died,
in i .ii v Her two daughters. Esther
and \farion, and her son, Richard
P , arc ll > lng with her here.
The .m louncement of the ongagc
ri va. made hy President .lohn
Oi ler ! I i 'dien, ol' Princeton Univer
Pro . Preston is 50 years old and
?es a comfortable fortune.
fbC battleship New York, the
gl'Cab warship In the American
navy, v...-. launched at New York on
fflMcfcSttsi's Arnica SaSve
iho ?.ir,-.-I Solve In The World?
DEATH OF A HOOD WOMAN'.
Mrs. Lena G. Harbert is No More
Uriel' Iioeai Mention.
(Mensant (Jrove. Nov. 1.-Special :
This Community was saddened last
Monday night by tho death of Mrs.
IxMin Gilliam Harbert. She had been
confined to her bed for some time
with heart dropsy. Her remains
were laid to rest in Pleasant Grove
cemetery tho following evening, af
ter appropriate funeral services by
her pastor. Rev. II. E. Stovall. She
leaves one daughter (Mrs. A. E.
Lewis), two little grandsons, one
brother and two sisters and a host of
relatives and friends to mourn her
Robert Craig is still confined to
his bed. Ho has been in bad health
I3orn, unto Mr. and Mrs. Robert
Dickson, on October 30th, ti son.
Our farmers are busy gathering
their crops and some are sowing
grain. Crops are not very good in
"Yes, yes," said the doctor; you're
all right now. You needn't come
"But, sir." remarked the patient,
"vot about der hill? 1 ain't got
mooch money. 'MU you dake der
bill out in trade?"
The sawbones looked the man up
"Well. I might." he replied. "What
ls your business?"
I "I am der leader of der liddle
Che man band, sair. Ve viii blay in
\ front of your house every evening
for ono month."
-? . *.
Suit in behalf of Col. Roosevelt
has been started against .i Michigan
editor for alleged libel.
THEY WERE HEM) PRISONERS.
Girlfl Complain of Conduct of Three
Augusta, (?a., Oct. 31.- Walter
and Clarence Rhodes, brothers, and
Walter Pounds, overseer for the for
mer, all well known farmers of
Burke, (5a., were arrested yesterday
charged with violating the white
slave law. They have been taken to
Macon by Deputy United States Mar
shal J. P. Murray.
lt is alleged tba! the three men
went to Bath, S. C., and took Lula
Addison, Susie James and Ola Fra
zier, three white girls, for an auto
mobile ride and refused to carry
them back bonn;. Instead tho mon
headed for their Burke county farms,
where, for four weeks, tho girls
claim, they have been held in captiv
ity and have not been allowed to
communicate with their parents. A
letter written ..v the Addison girl
to her mother revealed the where
abouts of tho girls and an investiga
tion was instituted by the Federal
authorities at onco. The girls told
the officers that the men threatened
to kill them if they tried to escape.
Pounds mid Rhodes Meld on Charge.
Macon, (Ja., Nov. 1.-Walter
Pounds and Clarence A. Rhodes, ar
rested yesterday, charged with vio
lation of the whito slave law, were
hound over to the Federal grand
Jury to-day under bonds of $1.000
and $800 each. They woro arraign
ed before United States Commis
Chamberlain's "">iarrhoea Remedy.
Never fails. Iluy lt uow. It ?wy ??vi. life.