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$ OF EXPERIMENT STATION X
Prepared Weekly for T
TUB KBOWHK COURIER X
By J. Linn Ladd. fy
Profit in Cn|K>ns.
Circular No. 27, by W. A. Lippin
eott, Department of Poultry Hus
bandry, Kansas Experiment Station,
treats of cuponizing and capons. The
circular has 2 1 pages, ft of which are
devoted to illustrations of the process
of ca pun I/.in g.
The author states that the opera
tion of emasculating the young roost
ers not Intended for breeding is just
as Bi m pie and quite as important as
that of castrating tho young pig or
calf intended for future slaughter.
The ca|?on, like the barrow and
steer, becomes docile, lays on flesh
more economically and the llesh is of
much higher duality, remaining as
sweet and tender as when the ope
ration was performed on the young
The loss by reason of tito operation
of caponizing, properly done, need
never exceed 6 per cent-5 birds in
every 100. The instruments consist
of a sharp knife, a sperader, a probe
and forcebs for the .removal of the
little testicles, and the price of these
instruments ranges from $2 to $4 a
A broiler weighing two pounds on
July 1st will turn out a capon weigh
ing eight to ten pounds in December,
worth $1.50 to $1.60. Unless the
demand and price for broilers bo un
usually good, there should bo a
handsome profit In converting the
male broilers into capons.
Tho proper time to operate Is when
the bird weighs a pound, if of the
small breeds like Leghorns, and a
pound and a half of the heavier
breeds like Plymouth Rocks.
With this circular or any standard
work on poultry in hand, any intelli
gent, careful person can soon learn
the art of caponizing.
Winter Bur Clover.
Bulletin No. 165 of the Alabama
station, by E. F. Cauthen, is entitled
"Southern Bur Clover," which the
author distinguishes from California
bur clover. It ls variously known
- o a ?.l~*o.. V...nnntfnrj
issi ia ari (ipprOprlqi*! name, rt* thu
i i." lp jj?Jh? .)> . ch??tvetori'stie bi this
?.pet?les is ". dark ?po* in the
center of the leaf.
This clover is a native of Southern
Europe and Western Asia. It grows
in all the Gulf and South Atlantic
States, where it spreads over old.
abandoned tlelds ami old pastures, af
fording rich winter prn/.ing and rap
idly restoring fertility to worn-out
The seed pod is spiral in shape,
like a snail shell, and is covered with
stiff hairs which give them a bur
like appearance; hence the name.
The plant ls an annual, maturing its
seed in April and .May and dying,
roof and branch. The seed pod is
so tongi) that it requires all summer
io rot; so the seed do not. fall ont
and come in contact with tho ground
until the fall rains beat them out.
Then they on germinate and coat
the land with rich. tender, green
herbage which nourishes all winter,
since the slight freezes of those sec
tions where it is found do not affect
it at all, and even a temperature 20
degrees below the freezing point
only scorches tlx- tender tops, leav
ing those branches which sprawl
upon the ground unharmed. These
lower branches cling so close to the
ground that even sheep fail to got
them all; hence it never fails to re
seed itself. The closer lt is grazed,
the more tender and succulent it is.
if stock he taken off it hy February
1. it will attain a height of 12 to ir.
inches and give a smart cutting of
hay. the lower branches escaping the
sickle and affording an abundance of
seed for the next season's crop.
Sim-" the seeds do not germinate
in suminer. this clover never Inter
feres with the production ol* summer
Chemical analysis shows winter
bur clover lo be among the richest
of the legumes in nitrogen, and
therefore it is a primo soil renova
tor. As red clover is a hi-ennial, its
roots decay and add their store of
humus and garnered plant food to
the soil only one?- every two years,
but winter loir clover performs this
important function every year.
As a winier cover crop, nothing
.equals winter bur clover within the
thermal belt to which it is adapted.
In the lipper cotton bell crimson clo
ver is a fairly good sn hst ilute for
bur clover, but crimson clover re
quires reseeding every fall.
Every lower cotton belt farmer who
has a Bermuda grass pasture or hay
field should sow winter bur clover
on it. About the time frost kills the
Bermuda grass to tho ground the bur
clover springs up and flourishes ali
winter. Then when the bur clove
dies tile underground stems of the
' Burmuda send up a new crop of
grass whoso law 1B to grow the fas
tor thc hotter the sun shines,
i The seed pods of bur clover weigh
about 10 or 12 pounds to the bushel,
and lt requires three to six bushels
'of burs to seed an nero. Probably
the best way for a farmer to procure
bur clover is to take stiff brooms
j and sweep up the burs, dirt and
I trash from an old planting after tho
crop has died in the late spring, and
sow these sweepings at tho rate of
live bushels per acre, and tho follow
ing spring sweep enough from this
seed patch to plant his entire farm,
as such a patch will yield 75 to 150
bushels of seed sweepings to the
acre. The dirt, decayed clover leaves
and trash mixed with the burs are
exceedingly beneficial, as they carry
myriads of nitrogen-gathering bac
teria and thus thoroughly inoculate
the soil of the new planting.
Some sagacious cotton favenirs sow
bur clover in the cotton and corn at
the last ploughing, graze these fields
all winter and have a rich crop of
green manure to turn under the fol
lowing February or Mareil, if it is
desired that the clover mature Its
seed before ploughing the land, then
some later crop than corn or cotton
must follow the clover-some such
crop as sweet potatoes, cow peas,
peanuts, millet or sorghum.
Variation of Cotton Seed Meal.
Bulletin No. 170 of the Connecti
cut station states that the farmers of
that State purchase $200,000 worth,
or more, of cotton seed meal every
year. They use most of lt as a fer
tilizer. Either because of Imperfect
machinery nt some mills, which fnil
to remove nil of the seed hulls nnd
oil, or because of deliberate adulter
ation by mixing ground hulls with
the meal, tho quality of tho cotton
seed meal sold tn Connecticut varies
so widely that in some samples the
farmer's nitrogen costs him 7 %
couts a pound more than In others
the actual value per ton varying be
tween $26 and $33.
The laws of Connecticut now pro
vide that any purchaser may have
his mea? analyzed by the experiment
station and recover a rebate equal
to the amount of adulteration found
to exist. The proper way to take a
sample ls to dip a pint from each of
twenty sacks taken nt rnndom from
different portions of n enr load, thor
oughly mix these nnd send to the stn
( reiving (jouions and On loi Seed,
Pdl??t?n Nb. K?? pi th.? New Mexico
??'tai iou U'cht? of ex pe ri ni ea tu Iv
growing ?Spanish onions from home
grown seed. For some time Spanish
onions hnve been muong tho most
profitable crops grown in New Mexi
co, especinlly in tile rich Mesilln nnd
Pecos river valleys. These onions
are mild in flavor and large in size,
often averaging a pound in weight
or more per bulb. They have be
come so popular in tbc United States
that mort' Iban seventy million
j pounds of them are imported annu
ally, chiefly from Denla, Candia and
The New .Mexico growers have
been using imported seed grown at
Donia, and thc onion lias become
known as the Donia onion, and it has
been found to be practically tile same
as an onion previously grown In New
Mexico from home-grown seed and
known as tile Gigantic Gibraltar on
Prices of imported Donia seed hav
ing been boosted nj) to ns much ns
$ I and even $."> a pound, thc station
undertook to grow a crop of seed in
100!? and succeeded in producing a
prime quality of seed at the rate of
"i2r? pounds per acre at a cost of
about 25 cents a pound. In actual
tests along side of seeds Imported
from Denla, Spain, tbese home-grown
seeds and those produced in subse
quent years both nt tho stntion nnd
by private onion growers have proven
fully equal to the imported seed,
both in the germinating power of the
seed and in tho quantity and quality
of the onions grown from them. In
fact the Mesilla Valley Produce Ex
change received in Chicago $1.28 a
crate for a car of onions from home
grown seed on September 2 2 ?ind
only $1.01 per crate for n enr from
imported seed on the snme market
on October ll, the net return to the
grower being $:U!.12 for the first
car and only $211.10 from the sec
Moxie City Hit by Quake.
Mexico City, Nov. 2<>. A severe
earthquake shock, which caused
heavy dnmngo. occurred here at 7.17
o'clock this morning. Tho disturb
ance lusted .">."? seconds and shattered
several buildings. Pavements all
over tbe city were cracked, and many
waler mains burst,
Thousands of panic-stricken resi
dents of the city ran into the streets,
where they fell on their knees and
prayed for divine ?lid.
Serious damage was done to the
$ I 5,000,000 opera house.
You cannot cultivate a man's ac
quaintance by harrowing lils feelings.
UNION THANKSGIVING 8 Kiri '?OK.
Will Bo Hold at St. John's Luther??
Church Thursday Mon?lng
Following is tho progra: ? the
Union Thanksgiving sorvh I
held at St. John's Lu them cl arch
Thanksgiving morning (Thu: i.v)
nt ll o'clock :
2. Glori? Pitt ri. (Con regii lon
I hoi love in God tho Fi Vi
mighty, .Maker of heaven und - (th.
And In Jesus Christ His ^!:!\ M.
our Lord; Who was conceived b; the
Holy Ghost. Born of the V tin
Mary; Suffered under Pontina f?
late, Was crucified, dead, a . I bul ind;
He descended Into the place of do
parted spirits; The third day Mi
r?se from the dead; He as< led
into heaven, and sitteth or
hand of God the Father 1 lid)
From thence He shall com- ; ige
the quick and the dead.
I believe in the Hojy 31.' 'he
holy Christian Church; Tho com
munion of saints; The forgiveness of
sins; Tho resurrection of tho Ix Ij ;
And the life everlasting, Au?. i
4. Psalm lOO. (Respo;: . Kl lut
Make a joyful noise uni the 1 ?rd,
all ye lands:
Serve tho Lord witt ;i;
come 1 efore his presence Ith
Knov ye that the Lord he ls I:
lt ls he that bath mid., us nd
not wo ourselves; we are his >. . loj
and the sheep of his pas.uro.
Enter Into his gateB with 1 :s?
giving, and Into his ocurtt ii
Be thankful unto him, and 3
For the Lord is good; hi? . f
And his truth enduretl: lo al! , ?>.
6. Scripture Lesson.
Praise to God, immortal
For the love that crowm o
Bounteous Source of eve.-. - ;
Let Thy praise our tont?- -
Aili to Theo, .>"' O?dj we ow-,
i .?oiiM'.? wi once UH our idosM-i*; , o t>
All the >>?6 of i he fields,
; Vii h ? for? .. the g?rrioin yields
Flocks that whiten all tlv i ' n,
Yellow sheaves of ripened - a
Lord, for these our souls '
Grateful vows and solem 1 :
Clouds that drop the! veg
Suns that genial warmth :
All the plenty summer pour.
Autumn's rich o'erflowln es;
All to Thee, our God, w
Source whence all our bl r.
Peace, prosperity, and h< ail
Private bliss and public
Knowledge, with its g
I'ure religion's holier be
Lord, for these our souls sh Iso
Grateful vows and solem 1
10. Hymn, America.-'?<
M> country 'tis of thee,
Sweet land of liberty,
Of theo I sing;
Land where my fathers ( .
Land of the Pilgrim's pi
From every mountain sh
Let freedom ring.
My native country, thee
Land of tho noble, free -
Thy name I love.
1 love thy rocks and rill
Thy woods and templed
My heart with rapture t
Like that above.
Let music swell the bree
And ring from all the tr
Sweet freedom's song:
Let. mortal tongues awal
Let all that breathe parti
Let rocks their silence b) ?
The sound prolong.
Our father's God, to The
Author of Liberty,
To Theo we sing;
Long may our land he hi
With freedom's holy llgl
Protect us by Thy might
Great God, our King,
11. L. M. Doxology.
Praise God, from whom nil bl
Praise Him, all creatUN
Praise Him above, ye beti
Praise Father, Son, and
( Contributions will be
eilt of the orphanages. O
specifically directed will 1
among the several lnstltu
A Missis r w",
on his win ni ..und 1
bills anion 0 ^iiO.
them were Sp! id
SIDELIGHTS OF TILLMAN CASK.
Aged Senator Fears Grandchildren
May He Lost to Him.
(Staff Cor. Atlanta Georgian.)
Half blind, broken in body and
spirit, and wi tb but a few more years
to live, Senator Tillman bas at last
admitted that his son has been a
drunkard, thus sacrificing his pride
that bc may again see his two beau
tiful grandchildren, Douschka and
For more than three years, since
the separation of Benjamin H. Till
man, Jr., and his wife, tho old Sena
tor has fought for the children, whom
he loves beyond anything tn the
Leaving Washington two years
ago, he hurried to his home In South
Carolina, and personally drew and
took into a court a petition asking
that he be given the custody of the
"We love them," he wrote in the
midst of the formal legal paper. "We
love them, and will care for them
But the young Mrs. Tillman, who
was formerly Lucy Dugas, a grand
daughter of former Governor Pick
ens, stubbornly fought for her babies,
denying the old statesman's conten
tion that she was not doing well by
Mother Wins Children.
She set up in her answer that her
divorced husband was a drunkard;
that he could not support tho chil
dren, and that they would be better
with her than with him or his kin.
And, despite Senator Tillman's
great influence, the court denied his
petition, and permitted his daughter
in-law, who had been restored to her
malden name of Dugas, to keep her
Then came the paralytic stroke
that nearly cost the Senator his life,
and from which he was slow to re
cover, even sufficiently to resume his
duties at Washington.
Through the days of his partial
convalescence he mourned for the
children, repeatedly calling for them
when ho was not himself, and bog
ging that they be brought to his side
when he could receive any visitors
He was at a loss to understand at
first what had become of them. The
babies who had been his joy and
pT*lde whom he loved with a fonder
ti. .. >tlon. thal ne bestowed oh tew
human beings, coil 10 hot co in t> io
bini. lt wa., pulling. Why WU: il?
? A'iin further recovery cafmi < Mi*
?allon, .nm noni thal uiow it wat:
thought he would not recover.
Gradually of late he has been gain
ing strength. Deeply humiliated by
his son's weakness, he refused to ad
mit lt, or to speak of it till lt became
necessary, in order that he might
have a better claim on the children.
Habit Cured, Ho Contends.
Xow, with as much strength as
will ever bc his, he has brought him
self to admit that his son has been a
drunkard, but al the same time he
contends that the hoy has been cured
of his weakness and that once more
he ls a fit person to take charge of
his own children.
The d?terminai ion to take this hu
miliating course was brought about
by the fact, that Mrs. Dugas contem
plates leaving the State. As soon as
the Senator heard of this intention
he forthwith gathered himself to
gether and drew I he new petition, in
which, owning that his son has been
addicted to drink, he quotes affida
vits to the effect that the young man
ls once more the master of himself.
Chief Justice Gary has set Novem
ber 26th tor the bearing. Tho chil
dren's father has filed with the court
copies of letters sent by him to his
former wife, together with her an
swers, as transmitted by her attor
neys, showing his love for her and
the children, his efforts at a recon
ciliation, and the manner in which
he has been repulsed.
Every Household in Walhalla Should
Know Mow to Desist lt.
If your hack aches because the
kidneys are blockaded,
You should help tho kidneys with
Donn's Kidney Pills are especially
for weak kidneys.
Recommended by thousands
home testimony proves their merit.
J. N. Rowland, Main street. Wal
halla, S. C., says: "My kidneys were
disordered, as was shown hy too fre
quent passages of the kidney secre
tions. I had backaches and pains In
my loins and sides, and felt misera
ble In every way. Dean's Kidney
Pills, which I got at. Dr. Bell's drug
store, soon relieved these symptoms
of kidney complaint and made me
feel better in every way. My advice
to every one having trouble from
disordered kidneys is to give Dean's
Kidney Bills a trial."
For snle by all dealers. Brice '.0
cents. Foster-Mllburn Co., Buffalo,
New York, sole agents for the United
Remember the name-Donn's
and take no other. adv.
-? . .~
lt doesn't lake much to make a
fat woman happy. Tell her she ls
Don't waste cnerg
m -spend it in cc
j>4 that the silent, Va
\ is the Car your co
L can afford1-right r
I profits with you
? price. j*
Every third car a Ford
a Ford ..booster." f
$535-touring car $6ot
town car $800- with )
Detroit. Oet particulai
L. O. White 01
WALHALLA HIGH SCHOOL.
Honor Holl for thc Second Mouth of
Tenn, Kliding November 15.
Tenth Grade-Bewley Hunslnger,
Ninth Grade-Ettie Cobb 9 2.1. Ol
ive Hunt 93.6, Idah Pitchford 93.6.
Tabitha Stribling 92.8.
Eighth Grade-Mary C. Barton
90.8, Grace Beard 97.8, Ethel Davis
93.8, Mason DuPre 91.8, Nina Nor
man 96.4, Ansel Umborgor 96.7.
Seventh Grade-Myrtle Brown
94.3, Boone Fitzgerald 93, Ruby Gar
rett 93.2, Orah Glazener 96, Sallie
Hunt 93.7, Julia Kaufmann 95.8,
Bertha Klaren 91.7, Sara Moss 93.2,
Sue Annie Todd 95.8.
Sixth Grade-William Bell 9 7,
Ruth Brown 95, Inez Douthit 97,
Carrie D. Harrison 92, Mildred Moore
91, Efllo Phillips 92, Robort Rogers
91, John Schroder 93, Lucile White
Fifth Grade-Mildred Carter 95,
Aip"> ?orbfri 9? T-?ll<> Duncan 91,
Hugh Macaulay 96, William Strlb
Fourth Grude----.'?ohii A ?.?<.! $*0.h,
Hu iy Badger 92.6, Winnie Bi\)?
I urannon 93.6, C?UIH Boile Burle} Jo,
Annie Busch 96, Derrin Douthit 92,
Fred Fowler 98, Frank Hunt 90.2,
Saliie Moody 91, Effie Sanders 97.2,
John Smith 92.S, Inez Todd 94, Eu
nice White 96.2, Annie Wilson 96.1.
Third Grade-Caroline Ansel 90.5,
Kathleen Barton 97, Eunice Beaty
91.5, Edith Carter 96.5, Lois Dil
worth 92, Madeline Dihvorth 94, El
sie Fretwell 94.5, Frances Kaufmann
96, Kathleen MoCaroy 90.5, Eugenia
Moss 92, Carolyn Rogers 91, Ross
Um berger 91.
Second Grade-Jule Abbott 90,
Harold Beaty 9 1. John Moody 92.6,
Joseph Norton 92.4, DuPro Poole
93.6, Louis Seaborn 95.
First Grade-(?race Drown 94.6,
Birdie Lee Davis 91.3, Greta Douthit
93, Glenn Laney 90. Jessie McLees
90.f>, Lillian Pitchford 90.
ENLARGING INDUSTRIAL WORK.
Southern Railway Athis Three
Ofllces to this Department.
The Southern Railway Company on
November 1501 enlarged the work of
its land and industrial department in
tho South by opening three new of
fices at Birmingham, Ala., and Knox
ville and Chattanooga, Tenn. These
new ofllces are established in har
mony with tile policy of Hie Southern
Railway to cover just as fully as pos
sible the development of the agricul
tural and manufacturing and oilier
interests in its territory. In connec
tion witli the opening of these ofllces
tho following appointments have
been announced by the Land and In
dustrial Depart ment :
J. W. Paige, now agent at Bristol,
Tenn., to he agent at. Chattanooga,
Tenn.; It. (J. Hanson. Jr., now trav
eling Immigration agent in Hie
North, with headquarters at St. Louis,
Mo., to he agent, at Bristol, Tenn.;
IO. I\ ll. West, agent, Knoxville,
Tenn.; J. M. Marsh, agent, Birming
ham, Ala.; and W. E. Price, travel
ing Immigration agent to succeed R.
G. Hanson, Jr.
With the opening of these new of
fices the land and Industrial depart
ment of the Southern Ballway will
have offices and agents In the South
at Atlanta and Macon, Ga.; Mobile
and Birmingham, Ala.; Chattanooga,
Knoxville and Bristol, Tenn.; Colum
bus, Miss.; Columbia, S. C.; Ashe
ville and Breva rd, N. C., and Dan
The Presbyterians of Greenville
will at once launch a campaign to
raise $?10,OOO for a now dorm;tory for
y counting them
na diu m built Ford
g ht to have-and
cw. We've shared
by reducing the
-and every Ford user
??cw prices- run-about
>-delivery car $635
all equipment, f. o. b.
R. C. Carter.
GOVERNOR JOE HROWN'S COHN.
Tested Dynamiting Farm Land With
Governor Joseph M. Brown, who
has been experimenting this year in
corn cultivated on dynamited soil, is
enthusiastic over the results ob
The Governor last spring literally
"ble., up" one acre of his Cherokee
county farm, and "had it planted in
corn. The. parti&itar acre thus pre
pared produced tho year before ex
actly 26 bushels of corn. This year
it brought forth 106 bushels, and of
a higher grade.
The Governor says there was no
material difference tn tho cultivation
this year, otherwise than in dynamit
ing the soil, and the expense of the
two crops was relatively the same
"It cost me $12.50 to dy . .
the soil of that one acre-and li ?
be done on an extensive secte fot
much less," said thc Governor, dis
cussing the matter, "The expense
easily may be reduced lo 110 per
acre, and th? dyhfinilting has to be
(tone emly once ?vbry liv? y ea i fl That
makes the eoBt approximately 12
per annum per acre. Cheap enough,
Isn't it? It surely ls, when ono con
siders the results obtained.
"Next year I shall try out not less
than ten acres, for I am satisfied that
the idea is a linc one-indeed, lt may
in many ways revolutionize the me
thods nf cultivation, as applied to
many crops in Georgia."
Governor Brown says the dynamit
ing so loosened up the soil of tho
one acre he operated on this year
that the mules in plowing it sank to
their knees frequently In the finely
broken up ground.
Tho man who has no enemies
should look about bim (o see If ho
has any real friends.
The Experience of Two Girl?
Here Related For The
Benefit of Others.
Rochester, N. Y. -"I have a daugh
ter 13 years old who has always been
very healthy until recently whon sh<3
complained of dizziness and cramps every
month, so bad that I would have to keep
her home from school and put her to bed
to get reliof.
"After giving her only two bottles of
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable^ Com
pound she is now enjoying the best
health. I cannot praise your Compound
too highly. I want every good moth e
to read what your medicine has done L.c
my child."-Mrs. RICHAIU) N. DWNIIA::,
311 Exchange St., Rochester, N.Y.
Stoutsville, Ohio.-"I suffered from
headaches, backache and was very ?rreg
- ular. A friend ad
vised me to take
Lydia E. Pinkham's
pound, and before I
had taken tho whole
of two bottles 1
found relief. I nm
only sixteen years
old, but I have bet
ter health than for
two or three years.
? cannot express my
thanks for what Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegotnblo Compound hos dono for me.
I had taken other medicines but did not
find relief."-Miss CORA B. FOSNAUQH,
Stoutsvillo, Ohio, R.P.D., No. 1.
Hundreds of such letters f rom moth
ers expressing their gratitude for whn
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
Kuna has accomplished
tors have been received by tho Wffijt