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WALHALLA, 8. C.:
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 15, HM.*.
101? AGRICULTURAL CONTESTS.
Rides Governing Wheat, Oats ami
Corn Contests in Oconee.
Following are the rules governing
the contest and awarding of prizes
for wheal, oats and corn for the year
Any farmer, resident of Oconee
county, may enter the contest, in
cluding all boys from 12 to l\ years
of age, In or oui of the Hoys' Corn
Club contest, for any one or more of
the prizes ns herein provided for, by
paying an entrance fee of on?; dol
lar per acre. The aere may bo laid j
off In any form desired in a Bingle
lot, either in bottom or upland.
Contestants for wheal and oats
must enter and have their acreage
laid off before thc- li i st ol' February,
The contestants for the corn prizes
must enter and have their acre laid
off before the first day of May, 1913.
The acre must in every case be
laid off by some competent person
and accepted hy the committee.
All contestants will be required to
make affidavit, In form prescribed by
the committee, as to the number of
pounds of wheat or oats, threshed
In dry condition, from said acre, to
be signed by himself and tho party
who threshed lt, and nie the same
with the chairman of the committee
on or before the 15th day of July,
The sub-committee that ls ap
pointed for each contestant to super
viso tho harvesting and weighing of
the corn, and the contestant and the
committee, will bo required to make
affidavit as to how much is gathered
in the shuck, and how much shelled
corn, by weight, obtained from one
hundred pounds in the shuck of av
erage corn, taken from heap after all
ls gathered, and Hie the same with
the chairman of tho committee on or
before the 10th of November, 1913.
The committee will award the prizes
on tho 15th day of November, or as
soon thereafter as practicable.
The sub-committee must be com
posed of persons of Integrity, and
21 years of age.
The corn must be gathered in dry
condition and weighed from the Held.
The prize fund In each i~ntest. will
be divide : as follows:
First prize .30 percent.
Second prize.25 per cent.
Third prize .20 per cent.
Fourth prize.15 IHM* cent.
Fifth prize .10 jier cent.
The county committee shall have
full power to settle all disputes or
controversies, if any shall arise, and
to award the prizes.
Contributions are solicited for the
All contestants are required to
send their names io tho chairman of
?tho committee, T. Y. Chalmers, Wal
halla. R. F. D. No. 2. Also send en
trance fees by May 1st, 1913.
Any person not complying with
the above rules will be ruled out.
T. Y. Chalmers, Chairman,
A. H. Fl 1 ison,
H. L, Vernor, Committee.
A woman has as little uso for a
secret she can't t <ii a: she has for
money she can't spend.
WASHINGTON, l>. C., FOR THE
The Greenville Daily News ls
offering Railroad and Pullman fi
Pare, Gr (-en ville to Washing- I
ton and return, to any. one se- I
curing %:\-? on New Subscrip- H
tiona to The Daily News. This I
ls the most liberal offer ever I
made hy a South Carolina j
newspaper, and ls a splendid |
chanco to .s<?o the inauguration j
of a Democratic President at I
small cost. Number of trips I
limited to 50. For particulars I
GREENVILLE NEWS CO.,
Greenville, S. 0.
PHUNINU -THU IT TREBS.
Clemson V m I iori ( i< s issue Informa
tlon to Orelutrdist?.
Clemson College, Jun. 10-Special:
Pruning is a necessity where best re
sults are to he exacted from fruit
trees. A tree can bo given all the
attention possible relative to cultiva
tion and fertilizer, but unless lt is
judiciously pruned tho branches will
become thick, weaken and die. These
become the harboring places for In
sects und fungus diseases which prey
upon the tree and fruit. (Sven if the
branche.; do not die they become so
thick that the fruit i.s inferior in size,
color and quality. Well pruned, low
pruned trees, having tho bearing
wood well distributed, and being
stout and stocky, are able to bear
and hold up heavy crops of fruit.
They also facilitate spraying, thin
ning and harvesting. They are also
by far more ornamental in appear
ance then tho awkward, long limbed
unprimed trees. Pr liing is neces
sary, therefore, whore the best trees
and first class fruit are desired.
To got the most satisfactory re
sults pruning should bo done every
year. Hy annually heading back and
thinning out the small branches dur
ing tin? early ?ile of the tree and re
moving a dead branch here and a
stray limb there, i;1 after years, tim
tree can lie kept in good, h vu i thy
fruiting condition, and ii will never
bc necessary lo cut out large limbs
or unbalance Hie t re<> by very c^uvy
pruning. Pruning should consist
moro in directing tho growth each
year than by checking it by one
heavy pruning which is to make up
for years 01' neglect. ll" a tree is
properly directed and sha lied when
young i* will never be necessary to
cut out many branches or large
limbs in later years.
1'iuning should commence when
the tree is planted. When tho tree
is plante;! tut back the dead and
broken roo's to good living wood,
leaving a clean, smooth cut. The
young tree should be pruned back to
the height the head of Hie tree ls to
bo formed, which height should be
consistent with the methods of culti
vation. I would suggest 16 to 18
inches for the peach and 24 to 30
inches for the apple and pear. If the
young tree ls whip-like the side buds
may be allowed to form leaves the
first season to cause lt to become
stout and stocky. If it is sto..ky
enough, all the buds may be kept off
as they start except those Intended
to form the main branches of the
tree. It Is a common fault to start a
young tree with too many main
branches which afterwards crowd
each other to such an extent that it
becomes necessary to cut out large
limbs. Three or four main limbs, If
properly placed, are enough for any
fruit tree. Tho main limbs should
be veil arranged around the tree and
at si. ditly different heights on the
main axis. After the first, season's
growth all branches except those just
mentioned, should be cut away, and
these should be headed back about
half. Ti e annual pruning after
wards will consist largely in heading
back tho previous season's growth
and keeping the head thinned out.
On the upright growing trees, as the
Kieffer pear, prune to a bud point
outward so aa to cause tho head to
spread. When the tree begins to |
bear full crops of fruit, it will not '
bear a surplus amount of wood, hence |
very little pruning will be necessary, j
except In the case of the peach tree, 1
which should bo thinned out and
headed back, oven after lt is bearing
full crops of fruit. Pruning ls best
done when the trees are dormant,
preferably In the spring just before
tho buds start.
It. sometimes l>oeomes necessary to
renovate old trees which have be- '
como choked with water sprouts and |
dead limbs. Tho reclaiming process
should take two or three years, de
pending upon the condition of the
tree. The first year most of the wa
ter sprouts, all of tho dead limbs, and
few of the worst offending branches
should be removed. The second year |
moro of the unnecessary limbs may j
be taken out. The third year the
operation may be completed, in re- \
moving largo limbs, as well as In cut
ting smaller brandies, always make
a smooth, close cut so that no stub is
left. It ls Impossible for a wound to
heal where a stub is left. The stub
dies and rots out, leaving a hole,
which condition will eventually cause
Get More E
whon Ofre price? ar*
cont no moro Ump
they ?ell for moro,
varied ration and I
Heavy c?ft proituc
"Your money '
Vn packftRra to
tvC, 60e, $1; 2
160-pa*A poultry 1
Get Pratts I'roOl
C. W. PM
HUTCHISON BKOS. & CO.,
.?.i " TARIFF^FAL^ 4.
.I? ANSWERED. .f.
The following questions were sub
mitted to Wm. J. Bryan by a repre
sentative of the Boston Transcript.
The answers will be found following
First. The possibility of lowering
the cost of living by tariff reduction.
A tis wer. Tariff reduction can
lower tho eogt of living to the extent
that tariff duties have Increased that
cost. Where the price level In this
country is. through the operation of
tariff duties, raised above the price
level in other countries, lt can be
re need by reducing tho tariff.
Second. The possibility that low
ered cost of commodities would be
followed by lower wages.
Answer. A lowering of wages
would not necessarily follow a low
ering of the tariff. Wages do not
depend upon the tariff, but upon com
petition between wage earners. A
reduction in the prices of the pro
duct would naturally Increase the de
mand, and an increase in demand
would increase the number of em
ployees necessary to produce4 the
larger quantity demanded, and thus
the tendency would be to Increase
wages rather than to lower them. The
protectionists have for a generation
threatened a reduction in wages if
tho tariff is reduced, but the threat
does not rest uuon an economic basis,
and it ls evident that it has failed
this year to make the. impression
that it has in former campaigns.
Third. The possibility that there
might then be the samt discrepancy
between wages and cost; of living.
Answer. Tho qu< st ion is hypo
thetical and lt is answered In the an
swer to the seconi question.
Fourth. The possibility that tariff
reduction would entail new taxation
for revenue, which would bear just
Answer. This question seems to
assume that a reduction in taxation
would not result in greater revenue.
lt is not only possible, but probable
that a reduction In the tariff would
increase the revenue by increasing
the imports, and at the ?ftirti M ne In
crease the demand lal n by in
creasing the domes- >i?ti I Where
the tariff ls prohibid . -esult
In placing a heavy upon the
consumer without 3 reve
nue at all. It is a ml stake
of protectionists to oasdi ho bur
den borne by the c the
amount of the taxe* . here
as the people may pro
tected interests i the
amount that mad sury.
If, for Instance, we tenth
as much of p given 1 con
sume and tho dom* / col
lects approximately munt
of the tariff, the bul 3 peo
ple is ten times . the
amount received by the government
In revenue. In such a case a reduc
tion in the tariff might double the
revenue and at the sn ne time compel
such a reduction ::i ihe prico of the
domestic article as to greatly In
crease tho demand and thus aid the
consumer and tho laborer.
The fourth question permits of an
additional answer, namely, that no
new form of taxation would be likely
to bear as heavily upon the masses
as tariff taxation, for there ls no other
form that bears more unequally upon
tho public. It would be difficult,
therfore, to find a new system which
would not be more just to the masses
than the tax on consumption which
they have so long borne-a system
under which tho poor man pays more
than his share, and t ie rich man less
than his share.
Every man has a notion that his
"principles" are better than those of
decay of the heart of the tree. The
larger wounds should be given a coat
ing of some ordinary paint. This ex
cludes the rain and preserves tho
wood until tho wound is entirely
The best pruning tools are a sharp
saw, the narrow type, and sharp
hand shears. A sharp knife can
sometimes bo used to advantage.
There are scores of different types of
??runing tools, but the ones just men
tioned will be found most convenient
for all purposes. Remember tho axe
is never a pruning tool.
O. M. Clark,
a high, Winter ?KK?
at other seasons, but
Ferd your layor? a
tlon Is assured,
back if it falls."
nuit your ju>ed?-.
r-ib Vail, J2.w>
aook. maw. .. .
ID & HEID,
-J.A, S. C.
ION, S. C.
NATIONAL BANKKKS GET RICH.
Ono New York Institution Has Made
Washington, Jan. 9.-Enormous
profits by tho First Nation?\ Dank of
New York were recounted to-day by
Geo. F. Baker, chairman of the board
of directors of the bank, a witness
before the House money trust com
mittee. Mr. Baker furnished tho
committee with records showing that
since Its organization in 1863 with a
capitalization of $500,000, the bank
has made profits amounting to more
In tho four years since 1898, Mr.
Baker told the committee, the bank
had paid dividends of 226 per cent,
or more than twice the total capitali
zation, which is now $10,000,000.
When the capital was Increased to
that amounl (n 1301, a special divi
dend of $9,000,000 was declared, Mr.
Baker said, to enable the stockhold
ers to take up the, additional Invest
ment. In 1908, in order to provide
$10,000,000 of capital for the organi
zation of the First Securities Com
pany to take over tho business "which
thc hank could not do under the law,"
Mr. Baker said, a special dividend of
$10,000,000 was declared. This was
in addition to tho regular yearly divi
Samuel Untermyer, counsel for the
committee, from facts supplied by Mr.
Baker, calculated that since he as
sumed the presidency of the First Na
tion:'1, in 1873, that institution has
paid tidends of 18,550 per cent on
its original capitalization.
Mr. Baker flatly opposed thc sug
gestion made by Mr. Untermyer that
national banks bo required to make
public their assets in order that de
positors and stockholders might
know the nature of securities held by
the banks, the witness declaring that
he saw no possible good that could
come of such a provision.
That there ls no impropriety in
one man holding directorships in tv o
or more potentially competitive
banks, railroads or Industrial corpo
rations was another statement made
by MT. Baker. Mr. Untermyer re
viewed with him a long list of rail
roads, in \> hich he was a director,
some of which tho lawyer held were
potentially competing lines. Mr. Ba
ker declared that it was rather an ad
vantage to hold such directorships,
because differences between the com
panies can thus be readily adjusted.
"Such a situation," he continued,
"is often beneficial tn all parties con
Federal Officials Will Attend.
Washington, Jan. 9.-Secretary of
Agriculture Wilson and the entire
membership of the House committee
on agriculture to-day accepted an in
vitation extended by Geo. H. Steven
son, secretary and general manager
of the National Corn Exposition, and
Representative Lever, of South Caro
lina, to attend the Fifth National Ex
position to be held from January 27
to February 8 at Columbia, S. C.
V. S. Has 1)0,100,000 Population?
The latest estimate of the popula
tion of the continental United States
places the figure at 96.496,000 on
January 2, 1913. This figure was
used bv the United States treasury
department experts In determining
thc total amount of money in circula
tion In the country on that date
$3,350,727,58$. Tho amount per
capita was $3 4 < 2.
America, Tho Heautiful.
0 beautiful for spacious s iles,
For amber waves of grain,
For purple mountain majesties
Above the fruited plain!
God shed His grace on thee,
And crown thy good with brother
From sea to shining sea!
0 beautiful for Pilgrim feet,
Whoso stern, Impassioned stress
A thoroughfare for freedom beat
Across tho wilderness!
Cod mend thine every flaw,
Confirm thy soul in self-control,
Thy Liberty In law!
O beautiful for glory-talo
Of liberating strife,
When valiantly, for man's avail,
Men lavished precious life!
May God thy gold retino
Till all success be nobleness,
And every gain divine!
O beautiful for patriot dream
That sees beyond tho years
Thine alabaster cities gleam
Undimmed by human tears!
God shed Ills grace on thee,
And crown thy good with brother
From sea to shining sea!
-* . ?.
Give x man advice and tell him to
take it for what lt ls wor'h, and lt
will probably go unheeded.
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy
Cures Colds. Croup ?nd Whcopiug Cough.
Are the Fly and Mosquito Dangerous?-??
The fly, with spongy feet, collects the Invisible germs of diseases, spreads
them over our food and poisons us with typhoid end cholera. The mosquito with
its bite injects into our veins malaria and yellow fever. The bacteria of consump
tion, or grip, are everywhere present for us to breathe into our lungs. The blood
which flows through our veins and arteries is our protection. It should contain,
healthy red and white blood corpuscles-capable of warding off these disease
germs. Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery is n blood medicine and alterativo
made entirely without alcohol, a pure glyceric extract of bloodroot, golden seal,
Oregon grape root, queen's root, mandrake and stone root, which has enjoyed a
good reputation for over forty years. The refreshing in
fluence of this extract is like Nature's influence-the blood
is buthed in tho tonio which gives lifo to tho blood-the
vital fires of the body burn brighter and their increased
activity consumes thc tissue rubbish which has accumulated
during thc winter.
" About forty years ago whit? In Newark, New Jorpoy, I had chills
nnd fovSr," writes Mi*. MICMAKL, MAGUIHE, of National Military Home,
Kans. "I went to Kansan City and In the sprlnjr of 1877 tho chills and
fevor returned. Doctors and-everything I tried failed to do mo Rood.
Finally 1 saw Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery advertised. I took
one bottle of it and tho chills vanished. In about a year afterward
I felt them coming- back BO 1 ?ot another bottlo and have nover had
any symptoms of fever or BKUO since. That is all of twenty years SRO,
for I had tho chills alxmt twelve years before I Btartcd to Uko Golden
Medical Discovery.' "
M. MAOUIBB, ESQ. Dr, Pierce's Pleasent Pelleta are tor liver l/l*.
$100,000 PIRK IN MOBILE.
Flames Originated in Theatre-Ono
Dead, Several Injured.
.Mobile, Ala.. Jan. 9.-Fire, which
started somewhere on the stage of
the Mobile Theater shortly after G.30
o'clock this morning, completely de
stroyed the building. Several build
ings adjoining were damaged, princi
pally by water.
One fireman was killed and two
seriously injured by a falling wall,
while several were slightly bruised
The fire started on the stage, and
although smoke was noticed issuing
from the top of the structure by
roomers in an adjoining hotel, no at
tention was paid to it.
The fire had been burning half an
hour before the alarm was turned in,
and when the firemen arrived the en
tire interior was a mass of Hames.
A high north wind was blowing
and brands were carried to other
structures In the vicinity, including
the county court house, which were
saved with difficulty.
At one time it was thought that the
business section of tho city south of
Contln street was in danger.
The loss on the theater building
and contents is about $55,000. Other
losses will run the total to fully
Twelve-Year-Old Roy Shot.
SAY ADRIANOPLE IS STARVING.
Authorities Have Requisitioned eil
Pood-Half Rut iou Daily.
Batesburg, Jan. 10.- A distressing
accident occurred near here this af
ternoon. Sammie Rawl, the twelve
year-old son of W. T. Rawl, was acci
dentally shot, the whole load from a
shotgun entering his side. He and
an elder brother were out hunting,
and In some way the gun the little
fellow carried was accidentally dis
charged with the above results. It ls
said there is no chance for him to
London, Jan. 9.-Official news re
ceived by tho Bulgarian delegations
describes the situation at Adrianople
as desperate. Several soldiers, who
deserted and succeeded in reaching
the headquarters of the allies, say the
(own is in its last. gasp. Provisions
are so scarce that the military author
ities have requisitioned all the food
possessed even by private citizens,
and are making only one distribution,
comprising a half ration, daily.
Conditions have been rendered
more grave hy the number of sick
who crowd tho hospitals, where the
attendance is inadequate. Thus tho
death rate ls very high. The Bulga
rians have allowed medicines and
Red Cross workers to enter under tho
escort of a Bulgarian detachment.
The commander of 'he fortress has
declared ho would rather see all dio
of starvation than surrender tho
town. That is why all who can are
endeavoring to escape. Tho Bulga
rians believe that even independently
of any action the powers may take,
the question of Adrianople soon will
It is understood Constantinople has
accepted the views of Rechad Pasha,
who recently asked to bo authorized
to re-convoke the conference, he be
ing president for tho next sitting. The
difficulty now lies in tho determina
tion of the allies not to participate
unless they are notified in advance
They do no I
desire to 1 1 . .
been pronounced as the irreducible
minimum of tho allies.
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy
Cures Colds, Croup and Whooping Cough.
When a woman suffering from some form of feminine
disorder is told that an operation is necessary, it of course
The very thought of the hospital operating table and the
surgeon's knife strikes terror to her heart, and no wonder?
It is quite true that some of these troubles may reach a stage
where an operation is the only resource, but thousands of
women have avoided the necessity of an operation by taking
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. This fact is
attested by the grateful letters they write to us after their
health has been restored.
Th pie Two Werne
Cary, Maine.--" I feel it a duty I
owe to all suffering women to tell
what Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound did for me. One year ago
I found myself a terrible sufferer.
I had pains in both sides and such ?a
soreness 1 could scarcely staightcn
up at times. M j- back ached, I had
no appetite and was so nervous I
could not sleep, then I would be SO
tired mornings that I could scarcely
get around. It seemed almost im
possible, to move or do a bit of work
and I thought 1 never would be any
better until I submitted to nn opera
tion. I commenced tithing Lydia M.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and
soon felt like a new woman. I bad
no pains, slept well, had good appe
tite and was fat and could do almost
i ? fuvc vur v^iaim.
all my own work for a family of
four. I shall always feel that I owe
my good health to your medicine."
--Mrs. HAYWARD SOWERS, Cary, Me.
Charlotte, N. C-"I was in bad
health for two years, with pains in
both sides and was very nervous. If
1 even lifted a chair it would causo
a hemorrhage. 1 had a growth which
tho doctor said was a tumor and I
never would get well unless I had
an operation. A friend advised me
to take Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegeta- |
ble Compound, nnd I gladly say that
I am now enjoying fine health and ,
arn the mother of a nice baby girl.;
You can use this Idler to help other)
suffering women."-Mrs. ROSA SIMM,
10 Wyona St., Charlotte, N. C.
Now answer this question if you can. Why should a wo-i
man submit to a surgical operation without first giving Lydia]
E. Pinkh am's Vegetable Compound a trial ? You know thatj
it has saved many others-why should it fail in your case?
For SO years Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound luis been the standard remedy for fe
male ills. No one sick with woman's ailments
does justice to herself if she does not try this fa
mous medicine made from roots and herbs, it
has restored so many suffering women to health.
KWrite to LYDIA E.FINKIIAM MEDICINE CO.
(CONFIDENTIAL) LYNN, MASS., for advice,
tter will he opened, read and answered
by a woman and held in strict confidence*