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"TO THINE OWN SELF BE TRUE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW AS THE NIGHT THE DAY: THOU CANST NOT THEN BE FALSE TO ANY MAN."
By STECK, SHE LOR & SCHRODER._ _WALHALLA, SOUTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 22, 1013. New Series No. ?70.-Volume LXV.-No. 4.
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We have our warehouse load
ed with Corn, Feed Oats, Seed
Appier Oats, Bran, Shorts, Purina
Feeds for Chickens.
See us before you buy. We
can make the price right.
C. W. & J. E. BAUKNIGHT,
Walhalla, S. C.
IT PAYS TO BUY FOR CASH.
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Money is Power !
Labor is Power !
You work a week for $?0.00.
That ten dollars represents a week of your life
work. You are a week older, and as the weeks,
months and years go by your strength is gradually
exhausted; you have put your strength into dollars.
What nave you done with these dollars? Have
you spent them as fast as you earned them? If you
nave, you are poor indeed; but if you have spent only
a part of the dollars and kept some of them, you have
in these dollars stored up energy and strength to
provide for you in your old age.
How much better still is your position if you have
put these saved dollars to work for you !
A good way to do this is to deposit them in some
good, strong bank.
The Westminster Bank,
Westminster, S. O.,
is a good place to pot these dollars.
W. P. ANDERSON, P. P. SULLIVAN,
J. M. NORRIS. Assistant Cashier.
'?y? Million to Dun State.
Columbia, Jan. 15.-Comptroller
General Jones In his estimate sent to
the General Assembly to-day says
that $2,578,439 will be required for
the expenses of the State government
this year as compared with $1,874,
524 last year.
Georgia Postmaster Indicted.
Macon, Ga., Jan. 18.-Henry S.
Jackson, former postmaster at Wil
liamson, Pike county, Georgia, to-day
was indicted by the United States
grand jury, charged with embezzle
ment of $837.77 of the post office
[From a series of elaborate chemical tests.]
Comparative digestibility of food made with
different baking powders.
An equal quantity of bread (biscuit) was made
with each of two kinds of baking powder-cream
of tartar and alum-and submitted separately to
the action of the digestive fluid, each for the same
length of time. ,
The percentage of the food digested is shown as
Bread made with Royal Cream of Tartar Powder t_
j 09 Par Cont Digested I
Bread made with ?lum powder t_
j 67 Per Cent. Dlg^tod j
Royal Baking Powder raised food is shown to be
of greatly superior digestibility and healthfulness.
FROM OUR REPRESENTATIVES.
M. R. McDonald Writes of che ?<;nrly
Days of tito Session.
Columbia, Jan. 21.-Editor Keo
wee Courier: Perhaps it will be of
interest to the citizens of Oconee to
know what is transpiring in the
House of Representatives of this
State. 1 therefore transmit this let
ter for publication that your readers
may learn what their Representatives
At noon on Tuesday, January 14,
according to tho Constitution of
South Carolina, the Clerk of the
Mouse, .lames A. Hoyt, called the
House to order. Tho roll of counties
was then called, a quorum respond
ing, and the body proceeded to or
ganize. Richard S. Whaley, of Char
leston, was elected temporary chair
man; Mendel L. Smith wa? re-elect
ed Speaker without opposition; .Jas.
A. Hoyt was re-elected clerk; Mc
Gowan Slmkins was re-elected read
ing clerk, and Janies S. Wilson was
The House then proceeded to draw
for seats. Oconee county was drawn
about middle ways of the list of
counties, and Mr. Shirley and I se
lected seats close to the Speaker's
desk, which we like very much.
After the organization was com
pleted Governor Please sent to the
General Assembly ilia first message,
containing 33 pages of typewritten
matter, relating to the general condi
tion of affairs in the State. He 'has
sent seven messages since the con
vening of the General Assembly, one
of which related to the Augusta in
vestigating committee and another
ono to the position Senator Tillman
took against his re-election for Gov
ernor. These two messages were re
ceived with a great, deal of attention
and almost precipitated a political
light in the House. Am glad, though,
that no such fight lias yet come up,
and hope that it will not. If tho po
litical lines are drawn very little leg
islation can bo had of State-wide in
terest. It is my desire, as well as
all others with whom I have talked,
that no political lines be drawn, and
that all shall work together in har
Several bills of State-wide Interest
wero introduced the first week,
among them being a bill for a two
cent flat rate on railroads, an em
ployers' compensation act, and a bill
giving the foreman of grand Juries
the right to swear its witnesses in
the grand jury room.
There are 90 new members in "the
House, most of whom are young
men. After rthe members become bet
ter acquainted with each other more
and better work will be done. The
best bills will not be introduced until
later in the session.
Tlie committee appointments were
announced by the Speaker on last
Thursday. Mr. Shirley and I wore
very lucky, for we got on some of
.Hie best committees. 1 was appoint
ed or the Judiciary Committee. This
committee is composed entirely of
lawyers and is considered the best
and most important of them all. Its
members have much continuous work
to do. Mr. Shirley also got on im
portant committees, which were the
Committee on Banking and Insur
ance, Penitentiary, and Offices and
Officers. Tlie Committee on Banking
and Insurance will be an impotrant
committee this year because they
will have before them the considera
tion of the proposed law of "the State
engaging in the exclusivo business of
life insurance," and also "a bill mak
ing the legal rate of interest six per
centum." Those who are members
of the Judiciary Committee cannot,
according to the rules, be members
of any other committee. Mr. Shirley
and I are much elated over the
Speaker having appointed us on the
committees as above mentioned.
Mr. Verner, Mr. Shirley and my
self have an ideal boarding house.
We are stopping at 1412 Blanding
street, where the State Superintend
ent of Education, Mr. Sweat ingen,
lives. We enjoy his conversations
Very much. And, besides, the entire
delegation Is togethei, thus making
lt convenient for us to discuss legis
lation that appertains to tho welfare
of our county.
I am glad to say that I believe Oco
neo has a harmonious delegation this
year in the General Assembly. It is
gratifying to be able to get along so
well and not be fussing over our
county affairs. There is no rivalry
between us, and each member is do
ing all he eau to assist the other, lt
ls our desire to have all the citizens
of our county to understand that we
are down here to work for the good
and welfare of Oconee, and that we
are going to do the be;*t we can, in
our humble judgment, for the best
interests of our people, whether .lt
helps or hurts us politically. I am
not acting as spokesman for my col
leagues, but I know that I voice their
sentiments when I say that I want
tlie people at home to know that I
om going to do what I think is best
for tho i>eople of Oconee county at
large, even though it may mean po
litical suicide. It is my desire to be
patriotic and work for the good of
my fellowmen, and not for my own
We must have better roads In our
county, but we cannot have them by
merely talking about them; it will
take money. I am going to do all I
can while down hero lo obtain more
money for tho public roadb. You have
a good Supervisor and good Commls
I s lo ne rs, who know how to work
NO CREDENCE (J I VEN TO RUMORS
Foul Play Not Suspected With Refer
ence to Child Found Dead.
Elijah Gillison. of Pine Mountain,
Ga., was among Walhalla friends for
a short while last Friday. He ls al
ways a welcome visitor here, though
his visits aro much less frequent now
than when he was a resident of this
State ?nd our immediate vicinity. Mr.
Gillison is engaged extensively In the
orchard business, having charge of
the orchards of ijchllletter & Gilli
son. ' These orchards are just begin
ning to "come In", and Mr. Gillison
stated that there were marketed this
year from the new trees about a
thousand bushels of line apples. He
speaks most hopefully of the future
of tho business.
Knowing that Mr. Gillison was
more or less familiar with the facts
regarding the Unding ol' tho little
body ol' the child of John Owens, he
was asked with reference to the mat
ter, as well ?ts to several reports that
had gained currency here as to sus
pected foul play. In tho main, Mr.
Gillison said, the facts as given by
The Courier last week were correct,
though the child's body was not
found washed up from Chattoogn
river, as stated.
The little fellow, he said, had been
In the habit of going from his fa
ther's home to the home of an uncle
some distance away, and lt ls the
supposition that he had started there
late Christmas Eve afternoon, and
lost his way. On the path traveled
by him there ts a small branch that
had to be crossed, and as it was late
in tho afternoon and growing dark
when the child's absence was discov
ered, lt is supposed that the little fel
low lost his way, fell Into this
branch and was drowned. The body
was found a considerable distance
down-stream from where tho regular
crossing over the branch is located
and about 150 yards from where the
branch empties into the' river.
When round tho child still had his
hat clasped tightly in his hand, the
hands and limbs being rigid from
the cold weather. It ls supposed
that the body floated down the
stream on an accumulation of drift,
with which the stream is almost con
As to the reports of foul play, Mr.
Gillison said, there seems to be no
foundation whatever for them, and
they doubtless grew out of Idle specu
lation on the part of some who were
considering various possibilities in
connection with tho disappearance of
GAVE UNCLE JOE AN OVATION.
"If Democrats Make Good PH Shout
Glory Hallelujah," He Says.
Washington, Jan. 18. -Democrats
and Republicans joined In an ova
tion to former Speaker Cannon when
ho spoke In the House to-day in sup
port of the army appropriation bill
and concluded with the declaration
that since ho "had been given a leave
of absence," for which ho did not ask,
he was going home to live among the
people who had honored him by send
ing him to Congress for forty years.
"If, perchance, I should never again
be in pubulc lifo-and I shall not
seek it," said Mr. Cannon, "I purpose
to carry out my full duty as one of
the sovereigns of this nation- -
"It makes little difference," he
added, "what we call ourselves
Democrats or Republicans-and those
two great organizations are the only
parties I recognize. If you Demo
crats make good, I will be one of the
first to shout 'glory hallelujah!' The
proof of the pudding is the eating
THOUGHT FATHER WAS DEAD.
Found Him in Soldiers1 Home in Co
Orangeburg, Jan. 18.-Relieving
his father had been dead 15 years,
M. Brooks, of this city, has found
that his father ls still alive and an
Inmate of the Confederate Homo In
Columbia. Mr. Brooks ls a foreman
of one of the rooms of a local cotton
mill and has not been Pt his old home
in a number of years. Mr. Brooks
was working some distance from his
home about 15 years ago, when he
heard that his father was dead. He
was prevented from attending the
funeral and never visited tho old
home again, as all of his relatives
had died before.
Last week, while a frlend^was vis
iting him, he asked Mr. Brooks how
his father was getting on. Mr. Brooks
told him his father was dead. The
friend assured him, however, that his
father was in the Confederate Home
in Columbia. Mr. Brooks wont to
Columbia Sunday and the father and
son were made happy when they met.
roads and spend the money of the
county judiciously and wisely. There
fore, lt ls nothing but wise and pro
per that the Legislature should give
them more money. Moro money for
roads and country schools In Oconee
county ls what we need and what I
hope to help to secure. With good
schools and good roads wo will all
llvo in prosperity and at one ano
thers' doors. I don't think our peo
ple will object to paying more taxes
if they recelvo proper benefit there
from. Yours very truly;
M. R. McDonald.
TURKEY IS GIVEN 14 DAYS.
Hostilities Will He Resumed if the
Turks Do Not Agree.
London, Jan. 20.-Bulgaria, Ser
via and Montenegro to-day presented
an ultimatum to Turkey, giving the
Ottoman government fourteen days
In which to make a favorable reply
to their demands, according to dis
patches from Constantinople.
The full power to declare a re
sumption of hostilities against Tur
key was telegraphed to-day to Dr.
Daneff, leader of the Bulgarian dele
gation, by Bulgarian Premier Gue
Representatives of the Balkan al
lies will, therefore, directly notify
Gen. Savoff, the Bulgarian comman
der-in-chief, that tho armistice is
ended as soon as it ls apparent there
is no hope of tho peace plenipotentia
ries reaching a mutually satisfactory
arrangement. Hostilities will be be
gun four days afterward.
ROW AMONG WESTERN' SOLON'S.
They Are Legislating I nder Difficul
ties Out iii Wyoming.
Cheyenne. Wyo,., .lan. 20.-A riot
broke out in the House of Represen
tatives of the Wyoming Legislature
to-day when Speaker Pratt and
Speaker Pro Tem Wood both claimed
the right to preside. A violent fight,
which was interrupted by members,
took place between the two officers.
Violence continued three-quarters of
an hour and included two sep?rate
encounters between Pratt and Wood.
Tho situation was ended when cool
headed leaders of either faction an
nounced an agreement to lot the
question of authority rest until the
afternoon. With Wood sitting in the
Speaker's chair and Pratt wielding
the gavel, the show of authority
seemed about equal.
The trouble began when Speaker
Pratt attempted to resume the chair,
which was occupied by Mr. Wood,
who sat staunchly in his place until
Pratt, grasping him by the shoulders,
threw him from the platform. Wood
promptly arose and rushed back, and
the men struggled until several men
got them apart. Wielding the gavel,
Pratt declared the House adjourned.
Using a paper weight for a gavel,
Wood shouted to tho sergeant-at
arms to close the doors, and then
called for a roll call. Standing over
the chief clerk, gavel in hand, Pratt
forbade thc calling of the roll. Pratt
attempted again to get his own chair,
and when Representative Sproul, a
Democrat, attempted to Interfere, he
was kicked In the stomach by the
Speaker. Further violence was
TEETH IMBEDDED IN HEAD.
Physicians Unable to Extract Molars.
Child Snivel's Intensely.
Berlin, Ga., Jan. 18.-A most re
mar! able and peculiar accident hap
pened hero yesterday afternoon when
Hilda De Vaughn, 9 years of age, was
seriously injured when she ran Into
another little girl, and two of the lat
ter's teeth are imbedded In the fore
head of the DeVaughn girl, and in
spite of the fact that physicians have
been trying to extract the molars
from the forehead, they have so far
been unable to do so.
The accident happened while the
girls were at school. The one girl
was a little larger than the DeVaughn
girl, and while they were playing the
two ran together, the larger girl
striking Hilda on the head with her
mouth. The girl had her mouth open
at the time, and in some way her
teeth came In contact with the De
Vaughn girl's forehead and four of
them broke off.
Hilda was rendered unconscious by
the accident and carried to the office
of a physician, where, after a couple
o)' hours' hard work, two cf tho mo
lars were extracted, but the physi
cian was unable to get the other two
out. It ls stated by the teacher of
the school that the child who lost the
teeth also suffered bad Injuries from
THE NEGRO RACE CONFERENCE.
sixth Annual Meeting to Re Held in
Columbia During Corn Show.
The Negro Raco Conference, of
which Rev. Richard Carroll is presi
dent, will meet this year January 28,
and continue In session four days.
The meeting ls to be held at this
time on account of the very low rates
on the railroads because of the corn
Among the prominent persons who
will speak at the meeting this year
are Hon. D. R. Coker, of Hartsvllle,
who will speak on "How to Select
Good Seeds for Planting"; Prof. J. D.
Eggleston, Superintendent of Educa
tion of Virginia, and Dr. Francis H.
Rowley, of Boston, editor of "Our
Dumb Animals," who will speak on
"The Care of Farm Animals." There
are twenty-six speakers (both white
and colored) on the program.
A half day will bc spent In discuss
ing "Crime Among the Colored Peo
ple." Tho labor proolem will also be
Frightful Polar Winds
blow with terrific forco at the far
north, and play havoc with the skin,
causing red, rough or sore, chapped
hands and lips, that need Bucklen's
Arnica Salve to heal them. It makes
the skin soft and smooth. Unrivaled
for cold sores, also burns, boils, sores,
ulcers, cuts, bruises and piles. Only
25c. at all druggists. adv.
WON'T ATTEND INAUGURAL ?
Nutionnl Guardsmen Much Interested
In Threats of Governor.
Columbia, Jun. 20.-After arrange
ments bad been made by the Charles
ton battalion of South Carolina
troops to attend the Inauguration of
Governor Wilson, comes the state
ment from Governor Blease that he
will not permit them to leave the
State. He assigns several reasons,
one of them being that he, as com
mander-in-chief, had not received an
Invitation, and that he will not let
them go unless an Invitation ls ex
tended. As no formal invitations
ha ve boon extended it ls not likely
that the South Carolinians will par
tic?palo lu tho ceremonies. The
troops have paid In advanco for
their quarters which they Intended
( ihnflestonians Wondering,
Charleston. Jan. 21. - National
Guardsmen here are much Interested
In the possible holdlng-up of the trip
to Washington, for which tho officers
have been arranging for several
weeks. There ls now a i>etltlon be
fore City Council, in the hands of
the committee of ways and menus,
for an appropriation of $1,500 for
the expenses of the First. Battalion,
Third Infantry. N. G.. S. C., and tho
soldiers are hoping that Governor
Blease will not adhere to his resolu
tion to hold up the tri)). A National
Guardsman said to-day that he did
not think that the Governor was real
ly serious in his announced purpose
of keeping the soldiers at home. He
ls inclined to the opinion that lt is
Just another of Governor Blease's
"flare ups" which will soon be
smoothed over and forgotten, and
that South Carolina will be repre
sented at the inauguration, whether
Governor Blease has been slighted
or not in the matter of an invitation
to attend the Inauguration.
LONE BANDIT HOLDS UP THAIN.
Overlooks Bulk of Registered Mail
und Makes Quick Getaway.
Annlston, Ala., Jan. 19.-Tho bulk
of the registered mall carried on
Southern railway passenger train No.
12 was overlooked by a lone bandit,
who held up the mail clerks at the
point of a revolver at Riverside, Ala.,
early to-day. This announcement
was made hero to-night by a govern
ment official to whom a report of the
robbery had been submitted. The
amount of loot obtained was not
made public, and the bandit was still
at large late to-night.
No. 12 left Birmingham shortly af
ter midnight and stopped for water
at a tank near Riverside, 30 miles
distant. The masked bandit entered
tho mall car and covered two negro
mail clerks with his revolver. In re
sponse to his demands for the regis
tered mail one of the negroes direct
ed him to the flies In which lt ls kept.
After hastily rifling tho top letters
the bandit is said to have made a
superficial search of the mail car.
When the train reached Lincoln, Ala.,
he jumped from the train and dash
? ed Into thvi woods.
As he darted away tho clerks
for help. Posses were quickly organ
ized when the robbery became known
and bloodhounds put on the trail, but
lost the scent 1? the rocky country,
('burge Robbery to Moon.
Birmingham, Ala., Jan. 20.-Mar
shall Moon, formerly an employee of
the raliway postal service, was ar
rested in Woodlawn, a suburb of B r
mlngham, to-night, charged wi \
holding up a Southern raliway train
near Lincoln, Ala., early Sunday
morning. He was lodged in jail, and
his bond was fixed at $2,000. Moon
is said to be addicted to drugs, and
not at all Hines in possession of his
faculties. His parents live at Lin
CORN CLUB PRIZE WINNERS.
Decisions Made and Winners An
nounced in Boys' Corn Contest.
The history of the corn club work
among tho boys In Oconee during the
past year shows that the vivacity of
youth, with Its high anticipations, is
sometimes overcome with the heat
of tho struggle and attendant dis
couragements. At the beginning of
the year a very creditable number of
boys entered their names on the roll
and started out to work prize acres,
but continued unfavorable seasons
through the spring and summer were
too much for the majority, and they
fell by the wayside and gave up try
ing. Others continued to work and
made excellent yields, bu-i. failed to
write up the history of their work,
or did not bring in their ten-ear ex
hibit, or failed to make the report
required by the rules and were
therefore barred from the race.
As we look down the home stretch
we see only six boys and one young
lady (hats off to her, boys,) Striving
for the goal. But even that is en
couraging for those who have been
In charge and they are ready to take
up the work again for 1913.
The young man making tie high
est general average is John G. Lee In
tb* Poplar Springs section, the sec
ond ls Stiles Stribling, of ,Richland.
Under the conditions these two young
men will get a free trip to Columbia
for one week in attendance upon tho
National Corn Exposition, January
27th to February 8th. There are
some other prizes of miner Import*
ance to be awarded later. ^