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WALHALLA, S. C.:
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY Ul?, 1013.
THE SOURCES OE NITROGEN.
Farmers Aro Advised to Uso Sources
Known to (?ive Results.
When mixing fertilizers it is well
to use two sources of nitrogen, be
cause of the difference in rapidity of
coming into availability of the
sources. We prefer lo get about one
third of the nitrogen from an inor
ganic source and two-thirds from an
organic source. If all of the nitro
gen for cotton or corn is to be de
rived from one source, we would ad
vise the use of an organic source.
Nitrate of soda ls immediately
available to the plant and sulphate
of ammonia and dried blood are very
rapidly available, dried blood being
probably the most rapidly available
organic source. We would advise the
use of about one hundred pounds per
ton of one of the above named
sources, and the balance of the nitro
gen to come from cotton seed meal,
'high grade fish, or high grade tank
age. We advise the use of the high
grade fish and tankage because the
?low grade Uah and tankage usually
has much flus or bone present, as the
case may be, and the nitrogen con
tent is lowered, and, as these mate
rials do not decay as rapidly as the
flesh, the nitrogen present is less
available, the less it is derived from
flesh. Bone, especially raw bone, on
account of its lasting qualities is
much prized as an orchard fertilizer.
Cotton seed meal is a good drier and
therefore a good source of organic
In homo-mixing we advise .he far
mers to use only the sources of ni
trogen that are known to give good
results, such as have been already
mentioned. Any or all of the above
can be mixed with acid phosphate
and potash salts, thero being no in
T. E. Keitt, Chemist,
S. C. Experiment Station.
When the bowels feel uncomforta
ble and you miss the exhilarating
feeling that always follows a copious
morning operation a dose of Dr. M.
A. Simmons' Liver Medicine will set
matters right. You get the results
promptly and feel flue, vigorous and
cheerful. Price 25c. per package.
Sold at Bell's drug store. adv.
Auto Bandits Make Rich Haul.
New York, Jan. 2il.-1 he police
arc aroused again by so-called taxi
cab robberies. A particularly bold
one was carried out last night, when
six highwaymen leaped from a taxi
cab that had drawn up in front of a
wholesale provision house on Thirty
sixth street and, with revolvers in
hand, held up four mon employed in
While some of the men covered the
.employees with their pistols one of
the bandits climbed a wiro fence and
got to the cashier's cage. He emp
tied tho drawer of $N00 In cash. Then
he and his fellows escaped in the cab.
They overlooked $5,OOO which was
1n an open safe.
it requires a mighty small tack to
puncture a fellow's good intentions.'
lui JL XIV?
Farm arid Garden.
Our New Descriptive Catalog
is fully up-to-date, giving descrip- j
tions and full information about
the best and most profitable
seeds to grow, lt tells all about
Grasses and Clovers,
Seed Potatoes, Seed Oats,
Cow Peas, Soja Beans,
The Best Seed Corns
and all other
Farm and Garden Seeds.
Wood's Seed Catalog has
long been recognized as a stan
dard authority on Seeds.
Muiled on request; write for it
T. W. WOOD Sr SONS,
SEXDSMF.N, RICHMOND, VA.
.j. OF EXPERIMENT STATION
"* Prepared Weekly for
JJ THE KEOWEE COURIER
?jj. By J. Linn Ladd.
A Test of Milking Mnchiiies.
The growing scarcity of farm labor
and the Increasing rate of wages nec
essary to command such labor is
causing farmers everywhere to turn
to labor-saving machinery for all
work possible to be done more rap
idly and economically by machines
than by hand.
Moved by these considerations, the
Ithaca, N. Y., station lins been con
ducting comparative tests of machine
milking and hand milking during the
last four years. The records of these
tests and the conclusions arrived at
are set forth in Bulletin No. :5.">:5.
The first machine tried proved to
be utterly worthless and was soon
discarded. The second o.ie tried
proved so satisfactory that no change
in make of machine has been made
since its adoption.
All milking machines are of one of
two types: ( 1 ) Those which imitate
the squeezing action of tho human
hand, and (2) those which Imitate
the vacuum or suction action of the
calf. The machine used in these tests
is of tho latter type.
Tho first successful milking ma
chine originated in Australia in 1902.
Canadian tests made in 1895 and in
1898 led to the rejection of the ma
chines tested, but the first satisfac
tory machine tried on this continent
was used in that country in 1906.
As in the making of automobiles,
the improvement in milking machines
has been so rapid that the milking
machine of 1912 bears little resem
blance to that of five years ago, but j
In order that there might be no vari- !
ation of conditions of these tests j
from year to year, no change of ma
chines has been made.
On the whole, these tests have re
sulted quite favorably to the ma
chine. When provided with properly
fitted teat cups, the machine milks a
cow somewhat cleaner than hand
milking, and the difference in yield
of milk is less than 1 per cent. In
fact, two cows that could not be
milked by hand, were satisfactorily
milked by machine.
Each machine milked two cows at
once, and one man operating two
machines can milk fifty cows. By
using gasoline engine power, several
machines may be attended by one
The most serious problem en
countered in the uso of milking ma
chines ls the matter of cleaning
them and keeping them clean. It has
been found that If all rubber parts
are rinsed out thoroughly after use
and are then kept immersed in wa
ler containing 10 per cent salt till
used again, the germ content is re
Tho air filters found on some ma
chines also reduce the germ content
of milk to a marked degree.
The milking machine is both a la
bor saver and a time saver, and it
undoubtedly has come to stay.
Economic Reef Production.
In Bulletin Xo. 132 H. R. Smith,
of the Nebraska station devotes 25
pages to tabular exhibits of tho rec
ords made and an analysis of them
in comparative tests of six combina
tions of feeding stuffs for steer
calves nine months old at the begin
ning of the tests for the first period
which covered tho time from March
25 to August 15, 143 days.
There were 48 calves, half of them
grade Shorthorns and the rest grade
Herefords, Angus, Red Polls, Jer
seys, (?uernseys and Holsteins. These
were so distributed among six lots of
eight calves each as to make all lots
of equal merit. In order to make
study of different breeds and types
possible, the feed of each individual
was weighed and the wanto feed
weighed back and records were made
of ail. During the first six months
ol' i ?-."ir lives all had been fed on
skim milk. grain and hay.
The ration of Lot 1 was corn, al
falfa and shredded corn fodder; of
Lot 2 corn, alfalfa and corn silage;
of Lot :5 corn, wheat bran and silage;
of Lot 1 corn, linseed meal and si
lage: of Lot 5 corn, cold-pressed cot
ton seed cake and silage; of lot 6
same as Lot 5 excepting they were
given all the grain they would eat,
willie Ivot 5 had only two-thirds as
much grain as these.
These feed stuffs were all of fair
quality and worth the following mar
ket values: Corn, 56 cents por bu
shel; bran, $2 2 per ton; linseed
meal, $3 6 i>er ton; cold prebaud cot
ton seed cake, $25 nor ton; alfalfa,
$10 per ton; corn fodder, $3 per
ton; silage. $3 per ton.
This first period of 143 days had
for Its chief purpose a test of the
value of corn silage as a substituto
for green pasturage In summer; be
cause summer drouths often destroy
of greatly deteriorate the pasturage.
On this point the use of the silage
prdvod entirely satisfactory, and th?
conclusion reached ls j that In Ne
braska summer pasturage may be
supplemented economically by corn
At the end of the first period, Au
gust 15th, the supply of silage was
exhausted, and prairie hay, worth
$10 per ton, was substituted for lt,
thus furnishing opportunity to com
pare this hay with corn fodder fed
Lot I. The second period of the test
extended from August 15th to De
cember 5th, a period of 112 days,
wheu the steers were marketed.
The general conclusions as pub
lished in the summary of this built
tin are as follows:
1. In comparing bran, linseed
meal, and cold pressed cotton seed
meal, each as a source of protein sup
plementing corn meal and silage, the
cold pressed cake proved to be worth
50 per cent moro per ton than wheat
bran, and linseed meal 18 per cent
more per ton than cold-pressed cot
ton seed cake.
In the use of each of f.hese supple
mentary protein feeds with corn meal
and prairie hay, the cold pressed cot
ton seed cake showed a value per ton
22 per cent greater than wheat bran,
and tho linseed meal 28 per cent
more than the cotton seed cake.
(Note: Cold-pressed cotton seed
cake has all the hull left on the seed,
and this accounts for its lower value
than the same weight of linseed
meal. The ordinary cotton seed meal
is made from seed decorticated and
cooked before having the oil pressed
out of it, und hence tho meal is free
of hulls and is a cheaper source of
protein than linseed meal.)
2. Where alfalfa was used in con
nection with corn meal and silage, or
corn meal and prairie hay, large
gains were made without the use of
a concentrated protein food. The
gains in both experiments where al
falfa was fed were larger, less costly
and much more profitable. These
exi>erlment8, supplementing what
had previously been found, show
that beef can be produced in Nebras
ka at a lower cost and with greater
profit on a combination of tho corn
plant and alfalfa hay than on any
other combination of foods available
in the State.
3. These experiments show that
corn silage gives larger gains than
shredded corn stover when each ls
fed with corn meal and alfalfa, and
for beef production is worth 60 per
cent more per ton.
4. Corn stover has a value 80 per
cent as great as prairie hay, and the
portion consumed is fully as valua
ble. Prairie hay at its usual market
price is not profitable for fattening
5. In comparing a ration consist
ing of a heavy feed of corn meal, al
falfa and a light feed of silage, with
a ration consisting of a medium
quantity of each feed and a ration
consisting of a light feed of corn, al
falfa and a heavy feed of silage, I
yearling steers being fattened for |
market made cheaper and more prof- !
kable gains on tho larger feed of
corn and smaller feed of corn silage.
6. In growing calves to be fatten
ed later for market, the cheapest
gains were made o:. a liberal ration
of corn silage and alfalfa without
grain, the cost of gain increasing in
proposion to tho amount of corn
7. These experiments show that
there is a great variation in the ca
pacity of individual steers to make
gains under like conditions. The j
data do not show that the individuals
of one breed make larger gains than
those of another breed. The varia
tion in gain seems to be fully as
great within a breed as between rep
resentatives of different breeds.
8. Type or conformation seems to
be a controlling factor, the low-set,
more compact types having something
of an advantage in gains and much
in early maturity over the rangy
9. Cains seem to be correlate to a
considerable degree with body ca
pacity as Indicated by the size of the
middle girtb, the largest gainers hav
ing relatively larger middle girths at
the same weight In most instances.
10. While the average gains made
by all dairy breed steers are nearly
tho same as those made by the beef
breed steers up to the age of 23
months, the latter showed In most
Intsances a higher condition of flesh,
a larger proportion of high-priced
meat, and sold for a higher price per
hundred, returning larger profits to
the feeder on the basis of the same
Initial cost per hundred.
New Mexico Will Sue Texas.
Santa Fe, N. M., Jan. 20.-Texas
ls to be made the defendant in a suit
to be flied in the Supreme Court of
tho United States at an early date by
tho Attorney General of New Mexico
on behalf of this State for the recov
ery of 14,300 acres of land, valued at
approximately $2,000,000, according
to information just given out. The
suit grew out of the Texas-New Mexi
co boundary dispute, which ha? been
the subject of contention since 1850.
Motor vohlcles worth $916,210
were brought into South Africa, at
Port Elizabeth, last year.
I I ...ll . I , ., -T-.1
THE UNSUCCESSFUL FARMER.
Tho Accumulation of Money Does
Not Spell Success.
Col. J. C. Stribllng, of Pendleton,
told us about a money-making far
mer he knew. This farmer had accu
mulated more than $1 00,000, and he
had made it all faming and saving
what ho made from the farm.
The man had not dono better far
ming than other farmers about him,
but he had saved everything he had
nwrde. "A good friend to me and
others," Col. Strlbling described
him, "but an enemy to himself and
family"-not that he was a bad man,
but merely what we sometimes call
a "closo" man. His children re
ceived but little education and saw
but little of tho world. Other farm
ers in the neighborhood contributed
to Hie building of churches and
Behool houses; this man loaned them
tlie money to contribute. Others
spent money for new seeds, Improved
implements and better stock; this
man did not-he saved his money,
and when misfortune came to others
he still gathered in the interest on
Iiis loans and kept that, too.
A money-making farmer ho was,
but lie was not a successful farmer,
for the simple reason that lie neg
lected the essentials of life in Iiis
eagerness to gather more money.
Such farmers would never build up
a community or promote tho pros
perity and welfare of a State.
Col. Strlbling in his letter well de
scribed the kind of men who must
be depended on to do these things
men who Improve their land and
premises, breed and use good stock,
look out for Improved seeds, Imple
ments and methods; who send their
sons and daughters to collego or
training schools; who farm with
their own money, and who believe
in plain living and high thinking.
A man can be successful and can
make a great deal of money without
being successful. So at this bc-gin
nlng of a new year we beg to remind
every reader that, desirable as it ls
that he make money out of his farm
ing the coming year, it is even more
desirable that he devote the money
he makes to such use as will benefit
his family and his community, and
that he keep always In mind the fact
that money is a good thing only so
far as it is used for good purposes.
$100 Reward, $100.
The readers of this paper will be
pleased to learn that there is at least
one dreaded disease that science has
been able to cure In all Its stages, and
that is catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure
ls the only positive cuie now known
to thc medical fraternity. Catarrh
being a constitutional disease, re
quires a constitutional treatment.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken Inter
nally, acting directly upon the blood
and mucous surfaces of the system,
thereby destroying the foundation of
the disease, and giving the patient
strength by building up the constitu
tion and assisting nature In doing its
work. The proprietors have so much
faith in its curative powers that they
offer one hundred dollars for any
case that lt falls to cure. Send for
list of testimonials. Address:
F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, O.
Sold by all druggists, 75c.
Take Hall's Family Pills for con
Woodman Suit to U. S. Court.
Anderson, Jan. 20.-Circuit Judge
Shipp to-day signed an order trans
ferring from the State to the United
States Court the suit of S. P. Taylor
against the Sovereign Camp, Wood
men of the World, for $20,000 dam
ages. The case grew out of the kill
ing of M. Taylor, son of S. P. Taylor,
by Furman Bagwell, during an ini
tiation ceremony during which Bag
well was a candidate.
An auctioneer never attmepts to
sell things that are not worth talking
Light Your Ki
Sometimes in the kitchen or eist
high, where it will light the w
reach of children.
The Rayo Bracket Lamp is made
ona of the famous Rayo Family
A clear, white light, steady, diffused, i
affixed to the well. The lamp is inexpei
removing chimney or ?bade. Rayo La
far all purposes. At Dealers S
NewarV. N. J. __
How The Body
Germs that get into the body are killi
of the Mood, and by a girm-bilUng substai
substance is, we do not know. The bio
jjerm-kiljinj'. substance in it to ward off th
of life is the stomach. A man who has
does not properly digest his food will so
and impoverisned, and that his whole bo
ished. To put the body in healthy oonditi
and throw out the poisons from the bc
excelled Dr. Pierc
glycerio extraot (
seal and Oregon
queen's root with I
" My husband v
Impuro blood," wr
fort, Ky. " Ho ha?
scab which would ti
another would inn
for a long timo. H
suggest hut found
(Solden Medical Dis
has stayed cured ur
valuable medicino I
Dr. Pierce's 1
J. H. MARTIN, ESQ. stomach, liver and
.j? ?j.? .|??J??T? *!**!* "I**!**!**!* "I* 'v 'I**!**!' .!*
4. RESOLUTIONS. *
4? A ?j? ?j? ?|? ?j* *I* *?* *I* *I* ^I**!* *t* *I* v *I*
C. A. Rowland.
Whereas, it hath pleased tho Great
Architect of the Universo, In Ills in
finite wisdom, goodness, love and
mercy to remove from our midst and
his labors here below, by death, our
esteemed brother, C. A. Rowland;
therefore, be it resolved
1. That in the death of Bro. C. A.
Rowland Blue Ridge Lodge, No. 9 2,
A. P. M., has lost the service of a
good and true member.
2. That we bow In humble sub
mission with sorrowing hearts to thia
sad dispensation of our Heavenly
Father, well knowing that He doeth
all things well, and while some of
His dealings with us here seem dark
and mysterious, 'that some time we
3. That to his bereaved widow and
children we extend our heartfelt
sympathies in their hour of sorrow
and affliction, and tender to them
our kindly offices of advice and com
fort, in this Hmo of their sore neces
4. That a page in our minute
book be dedicated to his memory and
that a copy of these resolutions be
furnished to his family, and to local
paper for publication.
W. O. White,
J. B. S. Dendy,
D. A. Smith, Committee.
? TRIBUTE OP RESPECT, 4.
?J? .Jr .J. ?J? ?J. ?J? ?J. .J. .J? ?J. ?J. ?J.
Jolin B. Pickett.
Whereas, on the 30th of November,
1912, the death angel visited our
ranks and took from his beloved fam
i'r and Oconee Union one of our eld
est and most highly esteemed breth
ren, John B. Pickett; therefore be lt
Resolved, That In the death of Bro.
Pickett our County Union has lost
one of its most worthy members, one
whose record was almost without
blemish. He was always ready and
willing to perform any duty when
called on. He had, at all times since
the Farmers' Union was organized in
this county, held an office-first as
county president; when his timo ex
pired as president, he held the office
of lecturer and organizer, which po
sition ho held until his death. His
death will be keenly felt, not only by
the union, but in the community and
church of which he had been so long
a member. He was a kind and de
voted husband and father. He leaves
a wife and several children to mourn
their irreparable loss. We as a
County Union tender our heartfelt
sympathies to the family in their
Resolved further, That a blank
page In our minutes be dedicated to
his memory and a copy of these reso
lutions bo sent to our papers for pub
lication; also that a copy bo sent to
the bereaved family.
Oconee County Farmers' Union.
Per A. II. Ellison.
tchen with a
swhere you need a lamp held
hole room, and be out of the
( for exactly thia purpose. It is
the best kerosene lamps made.
^ strong, substantial bracket, easily
?slve. Economical. Lighted without
mps are made in various styles and
Haiti MM*, M 4.
td in two wart-br the white corpuscle*
nee that it in the blood. Just what thia
od of a healthy person always ha? tome
ie attaek of disease. The fountain head
a weak and impaired stomach and who
'on find that his blood has become weak
dy is improperly and insufficiently nour
ion, to feed the system on rich, red blood
?dy, nothing ia the past forty years has
?e's Golden Medical Discovery, a pure
without alcohol), of bloodroot, golden
grape root, stone root, mandrake and
vas a sufferer from stomach trouble and
itcs Mus. JAMES H. M ANTIN, of Frank
1 a sore on his faco that would form a
Iry and drop off in about a month, then
ncdiatoly form. It continued this way
0 tried every remedy that any ono would
no relief. Ho then tried Dr. Pierce's
covery which completely cured him. Ho
>w for two years, and I rncommend this
or impurities of tho blood."
Pleasant Pellets regulate and invigorate
bowels. Sugar-coated, tiny granules.
FAVOlt COMPULSORY EDUCATION
The High School Teachers of State
Put Selves on Record.
Columbia, Jan. 20.-It ls easily
within the bounds of the believable
to say that no more Intelligent, earn
est, alert, candid and open-minded
body of teachers ever came together
In this State than tho 166 high school
superintendents, principals and teach
ers making up thc conference in ses
sion in Columbia from Friday morn
ing until Saturday afterncon. Every
man and woman in attendance seem
ed to throw into evory topic discussed
tho energy, tho directness, the dis
cernment which make up any really
profitable discussion. "It is hard to
see how it would be possible for any
teacher to sit through the four ses
sions of discussions without carrying
back to his work a new vision, a
wider horizon, a new inspiration and
a greater confidence In his mission,"
said W. H. Hand, State High School
Of the four sessions, tho last was
easily the most enthusiastic, and per
haps the most significant, and the
last hour was by far the most intense
as to importance and inspiration.
Just at the close of the session the
following resolution was unanimously
adopted by a standing vote:
"Resolved, That the conference of
high school teachers cordially in
dorses the principle of compulsory
school attendance, and that the mem
bers pledge their hearty support to
any measure wh'ch may be passed by
the Legislature ti South Carolina
having for Its-ena a fair chance for
all the children of South Carolina."
It may be from overwork, but
the chances are its from an In
With a well conducted LIVER
one can do mountains of labor
It adds a hundred per cent to
ones earning capacity.
lt can be kept In healthful action
by? and only by
TAKE NO SUBSTITUTE.
TO PROBE THE BELL SYSTEM.
< 'om merci' < 'o i n mission to Look After
Washington, Jan. 20.-Regulation
by the State Inter-commerce Commis
sion of the American Telephone and
Telegraph Company, and not by the
compulsory competitive provisions of
tho Sherman anti-trust law, will be
the means of solving, according to
Attorney General Wlckersham, who
to-day announced he had referred the
whole question to the commission for
investigation and action.
This move terminates the investi
gation by tba department of justice
of the alleged $000,000,000 tele
phono trust, against which independ
ent telephone companies have made
charges of unfair treatment and of
the employment of methods destruct
ive of competition.
The commission's investigation
will be far-reaching In effect, and out
of it is expected to L OW the outline
of a governmental policy with re
spect to the telephone and telegraph.
It must be determined, according to
officials, whether in the interest and
convenience of the public, the tele
phone or telegraph monopoly, under
rigid regulation, should be tolerated
by the Federal government, or whe
ther the government should takeover
utilities; or finally competition
should be enforced under the Sher
man anti-trust law and monopoly
Lashed by White Cappers.
Dalton, Ga., Jan. 18.-The epi
demic of whltecapplng which has
been prevailing in this section re
cently broke out afresh this week at
Til ton, Whitfield county, according to
news brought hero to-day. A band
of masked men went to the home of
John channon, a farmer, took him
to the woods a short distance from
his home and administered about a
hundred lashes. Shannon was
chnrged with shiftlessness and un
becoming conduct In his home. v The
band, lt is said, then went to Other
homes, warning rho Inmates of simi
lar treatment unless they mended