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"TO THINE OWN SELF BE TRUE, ANO IT MUST FOLLOW AS THE NIGHT THB HAY: THOU OANST NOT THEN BE FALSE TO ANY MAN."
By STECK, SHELOR & SCHRODER.
WALHALLA, SOUTH CAROLINA, .WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 12, 1010.
Brown's Mule, 10 lb;
Red Jay, IO lbs. Cad
World Beater, 10 lbs.
We will not i
dies to any ox
C. W. & J. E
p It PAYS TO Bl
The Bank an<
i iiere are many advantaj
count, but here is one wh?e
thought of: lt helps the con
A community without a
amount to much. The absei
morals, and the absence of t
tals. Everybody owes it to
these two Institutions. By 1
self. In order to help suppc
funds, and by supporting tin
the funds. The ability of
depends upon the loyalty of
When You Think o
Forming Local Company.
A number of young men of Wal
halla and vicinity are preparing for
the formation of a military company,
and to hold themselves ready should
a call be made. The following paper
is being signed :
"Walhalla, S. C., Feb. ?. 1017.
"We, the undersigned, do agree to
form ourselves into a military or
ganization to be known as the Wal
halla Coast Artillery or such other
name as wo may lawfully receive.
"The oOlcers and the mustering
into the State or the Federal service
to be determined by a vote of the
"Andrew A. Manning, J. Marion
Moss, Jr., W. S. Cross, .lr., Sam Tan
nery, Jas. II. Norman, S. C. Pitch
ford, Levis Tannery, B. F. Grant,
Chas. W. Pitchford, Sam Hutchins,
B. I. Addis, D. K. Cbastain, Geo. D,
Schumacher, John F. W. Schumacher,
.J. B. Todd, Lewis Richie."
Three of the signers of the above
-Sam G. Pitchford. D. K. Cbastain,
and Sam Hutchins-recently return
ed from service on the Mexican bor
Centum People Not Excited.
stockholm, Feb. 5.-Private ad
vices from Berlin say the announce
ment of the rupture of relations be
tween the United States and Ger
many was received witli comparative
calm by tho people.
We will Co
s. Caddy, ? ? $3,25
dy, ? ? ? ? 3?25
Caddy, . ? ? 3.00
3ell over 5 Cad
now listed at
*LA, 5. C.
(JY FOR. CASH. J*
\ The Church
ges derived from a bank ac
h we Wonder if you liave
nmunity in which you live.
church and a bank doesn't
ice of the one indicates poor
lie other indicates poor mor
the community to patronize
Helping them you help your
>rt Hie church yon must have
3 bank you are sure to have
holli to help the community
if Banking Think of
Tlie Xext Teachers' .Meeting.
There seems to be some misunder
standing as to the date for the next
teachers* meeting. The meeting day
was changed from second Saturday
of tile calendar month to the fourth
Saturday ol' the scholastic mouth.
The meetings hereafter will be held
every four weeks, and the next one
will he al Seneca next. Saturday, Feb
ruary 1 Otb.
A very instructive program has
been arranged. Dr. .lohn IC. White,
president of Anderson College, will
address tile teachers; Miss Sallie
Stribling will conduct a round table
discussion on reading in the primary
grades, and Supt. W. L. Feaster will
conduct, a similar discussion on high
school English. After the program a
business meeting will be hold. The
program will begin at 12 o'clock.
It is hoped that every teacher in
tho county will attend these meet
ings of the touchers. There were a
few trustees at the last meeting and
their presence was encouraging. The
trustees could aid the teachers mate
rially by their presence at these
meetings. Trustees, come and help
us out! G. W. Irby,
('onie to Sunday School
At Ebenezer next Sunday, Febru
ary II. Everybody ls invited to be
with us. J. L, Vaughan, Supt.
ON MEN'S SUITS,
ge X $8.75
?ter, 6*. C.
BKRNSTORFP AND WIFE TO SAIL J'
For Fiii'(>|?o on Fei?. 13-Safe Con
duct Requested from Allies.
Washington, Feb. 5,-One week
from to-morrow the whole corps of
German officials in the United States,
Including Count and Countess Von
Bermjtorff, the embassy suite and
consuls from all parts of the country,
will sail from New York for Ger
Reservations for more than 200
persons have been engaged on the
big Scandinavian liner Frederick
VIII, leaving New York February 13
for Christiana. Meanwhile former
Gorman consuls throughout the coun
try, having turned their consulates
over to caretakers to be eventually (
reopened under tho direction of Swiss
oltteials, will start for New York to
be on hand when the ship goes out.
Safe conducts have been requested
by the State Department of both
Great Britain and Franco for pass
age through the allied blockade and
no doubt ls felt that they will be ac
Every precaution is hoing taken to
allow no opportunity for offense to
the dismissed officials, and American
authorities throughout the country
have been requested by tho State De
partment to see that every courtesy
Ambassador Gerard and his suite
at Berlin and all the American con
sular officials In Germany are expect
ed to receive similar courtesy from
the German government and people.
Gerard Via Spanish Port.
Berlin, Feb. 5.-United States Am
bassador Gerard has practically de
cided to return to the United States
from a Spanish port. The plan to
have American Interests taken over
by the Brasilien minister has been
abandoned and it ls not known who
will represent America in Berlin af
ter 'Mr. Gerard's departure.
CLEARING DECKS FOR ACTION.
President Calm, Counsels Agn'ust I
Undue H UN to-Above Criticism.
Washington, Fob. G.-While the
United States awaits the Issue of war
or peace, President Wilson has taken
steps that the conduct of the govern
ment during the tense period of wult
ing shall be one of calm deliberation
and beyond criticism.
The government, it was stated offi
cially, will be very careful to see that
Germany and all other foreign gov
ernments will have no just cause for
General instructions have been is
sued to Federal government officials
in all part3 of the country to avoid
hasty action and do nothing not
strictly legal and within the province
of the government.
The government, it was pointed
out, has no legal right to take over
war-bound merchant ship's In Ameri
No matter what other nations may
do in the present emergency, it was
stated that the United States will ad
hero strictly to the law and do noth
ing under stress of excitement*which
lt would not be legal to do in ordi
As outlined In the highest official
quarters, the policy of the govern
ment will he to act on principle ra
ther than on the ground of expedi
The President himself, it was stat
ed, is moving without panic or haste
and expects all subordinate officers of
the government to do likewise.
Warning to Americans.
Wltile not stated specifically, it be
came known that the President is
particularly anxious to warn Ameri
cans generally to do nothing which
might cause trouble. He desires that
every act ol the United States In this
super-crisis shall be with absolute
If war comes, he wants no possible
blame attached to the American gov
ernment, or any of its officials, or
Still fervently hoping for peace, but
taking every possible step to prepare
the country for war, President Wil
son to-day appealed to Congress to
quickly dispose of all routine busi
ness, appropriation bills, and pending
legislation, and clear its decks for ne
tt.nt to meet any eventuality.
Germany Frees U. S. Prisoners.
Berlin, Feb. 4.-Germany to-day
acceded to the American demands for
the immediate release of the 72
Americans taken from ships sunk by
the raider in thc Atlantic and
brought to a German port aboard tho
(One of the last things to bo done
by the United States government be
fore severing diplomatic relations
with Germany was to demand that
the Americans taken by the German
raider from the British steamers
Georgie, Mount Temple and Voltaire,
and who- were being held In German
prison camps, be released. A Wash
ington dispatch Saturday said there
were 00 of these men. Germany,
in holding them, had contended that
as paid members of the crews of
armed enemy merchantmen they
were due no immunity.)
Two Men Frozen to Death.
Lnudrum, S. C., Feb. 6.-As a re
sult of the continued nenr-zoro wen
tber two deaths were reported boro
to-day. Henry Hutchison, a white
man, was found hy the road near the
ed?e of town to-day frozen to death,
and a negro wits frozen last night a
I fow miles below town.
President Appeared Before th
Only Course to Bc Purse
and Integrity of the
Washington, Keb. 3.-Tho sever
ance of diplomatic relations with
Germany was formally announced to
the country and the world by Presi
dent Wilson at a Joint session of Con
gress tc-day ut 2 o'clock.
The United States now stands on
the verge of war with all the historic
precedents of centuries pressing it
Fervently invoking the guidance of
Almighty God in the step he baa
taken. President Wilson detailed to
Congress why the United States
should not continue relations with a
warring power which repeatedly In
vades 'America's sacred rights and
takes the lives of its citizens.
Calm with a sense of right in what
may prove the most somber moment
of American history, the President
stood in the historic hall of the House
of Representatives and with Senators
and Representatives before him spoke
th? words which may carry the coun
try into the world conflict, not for ag
gression and not for power; only for
law. and humanity.
Silent and attentive, the grim com
pany of the nation's lawmakers lis
tened with rapt attention while Pres
ident Wilson told of America's course
in the uow unsuccessful diplomatic
struggle to dissuade Germany from
her campaign of ruthlessness.
President Wilson's Speech.
Tile President spoke as follows:
"'Gentlemen of the Congress:
"The imperial denian government
on the 31st day of January announc
ed to this government and to the
government of other neutral nations
that on and after the first day of
February, the present month, it
would' adopt a policy with regard to
the use of submarines against all
shipping seeking to pass through cer
tain designated areas of the high
seas, to which lt is clearly my duty
to call your attention.
"L#et me remind the Congress that
on the 8th day of April last in view
of the sinking on the 24th of March
of the cross-channel passenger steam
er Sussex by a German submarine,
without summons or warning, and the
consequent loss of lives of several cit
izens of the United States who were
passengers aboard her, this govern
ment addressed a note to the inipe
rial government In which it made the .
following declaration :
"If il is still the purpose of the
imperial government to prosecute re
lentless and indiscriminate warfare
against vessels ol commerce by tho
use of her submarines without re
gard to what the government of tho
United States must consider the sa
cred and Indisputable rules of inter
national law and the universally rec
ognized dictates of huamnity, the
government of the United States is
at last forced to tho conclusion that
there is but one course it can pursue.
Unless tile imperial government
should now immediately declare and
effect an abandonment of its present
methods of submarine warfare
against passenger and freight-carry
ing vessels, the government of the
United States can have no choice but
to sever diplomatic relations with the
German Empire altogether.
"In reply to this decision tho Impe
rial German government gave thia
government the following assurances:
" 'The German government is pre
pared to do its utmost to confine the
operations of war for the rest of its
duration to the fighting forces of the
belligerents, thereby also insuring
the freedom ol' the seas, a principle
upon which tho German government
believes now, as before, to be in
agreement with the government of
the United States.
" 'The German government, guid
ed by this, notifies the government of
Hie United States that tho German
naval forces have received the fol
" 'In accordance with Ibo general
visit and search for the destruction of
merchant vessels recognized by inter
One Hundred Th
Next Sunday, February 11th, is '
School Day," and as we go to press I
school attendance on that day th rou i
largest In the history of the State. 1
of tho South Carolina Sunday School
total attendance In this State will 1
Every school is asked to aim at 50 j
there ought to bo more than 200,000
are working together In this campal
Carolina, but includes Alabama, i
as well. The motto is, "Everybody I
-If you're not there, you'll be lonet
school are to be found everywhere.
lt is urged that every Sunday f
the present week, and then immedii
day send reports of the attendance 1
Sunday School Association, Spartan 1
c Congress and Outlined thc
icd by Which the Honor
United States is to
t of "Last Note."
national law, such vessels, both with
in and without tho area declared as
naval war zone, shall not he sunk
without warning and without saving
human lives, unless these ships at
tempt to escape or offer resistance.
" 'Hut,' it added, 'neutrals cannot
expect that "Germany, forced to light
for existence, shall for thc sake of
neutral Interest restrict the use of an
effective weapon if her enemy is per
mltted to continue to apply nt will
methods of warfaro violating the
ruloB of international law. Such a
demand would bo incompatible with
the character of neutrality, and tho
German government ls convinced that
the government of tho United States
does not think of making such a de
mand, knowing that the govornmont
of the United States baa repeatedly
declared that it is determined to re
store the principles of the freedom
of the seas from whatever quarter lt
has been violated.'
tutted States' Reply.
"To this the government of the
United States replied on the olghtb of
May, accepting, of course, the nBsur
nncca given, but adding:
" 'The government of the United
States feels it necessary to state that
lt takes for granted that the Imperial
government does not intend to imply
that the maintenance of its newly-an
nounced policy is In any way contin
gent upon the course or result of dip
lomatic negotiations between the gov
ernment o? 'ne United States and any
bel?geent. nu'withstanding tho fact
that certain passages In the imperial
government's note of the Fourth in
stant might nppear to be susceptible
of that construction. In order, how
ever, to avoid that mlsundoreftandlng
the government of the United States
notifies the imperial government that
it cannot for a moment entertain,
much less discuss, the suggestion by
the naval authorities that the rights
of citizens of the United States upon
high seas should in any way or in
the slightest degree be made contin
gent upon condtict of any other gov
ernment affecting the right of neu
trals and non-combatants. Responsi
bility in such matters is single, not
joint: absolute, not relative.'
"To litis note of the eighth of May
the imperial German government
made no reply.
Germany's Latest Stand.
"On the .'Hst of January, Wednes
day of the present week, the German
ambassador handed to the Secretary
of State, along with a formal note, a
memorandum which contained tho
" 'The imperial government there
fore, does not doubt that the govern
ment of ne United States will under
stand thc situation thus forced upon
Germany by the entente allies' brutal
method of war and by their determi
nation to destroy the central powers,
and the government will further real
ize now that the openly disclosed in
tention of the allies gives back to
Germany the freedom of tho action
which she reserved in her note ad
dressed to the government of the
United States on .May 4, lill (5.
" 'Under the circumstances Ger
many will meet the illegal measures
of her enemies by forcibly preventing
after February 1, I ill 7, in a zone
around Great Britain, France, italy
and in tho Haslem Mediterranean all
navigation, neutrals included, to and
from longland, to and from France,
etc. All shills met within the zone
will be sunk.'
"I think you will agree with me
in view of this decalration, which
suddenly and without prior intima
tion of any kind deliberately with
draws tlio solemn assurance given in
tho imperial government's noto of
the 1th of May. 1916, this govern
ment has no alternative consistent
with the dignity and honor of the
United States but to take the course
which, it in Its note of tho 18th of
April. 1910, it announced that it
would take in the event that the Ger
man government did not declare and
ool Next Sunday
'South Carolina Come-to-Sunday
Lh? indications are that the Sunday
Shout South Carolina will bo tho
[estimates made by the headquarters
Association aro that tho probable
ae between 100,000 and 120,000.
>er cent increase, and if this is done
in attendance. All denominations
gu, which is not limited to South
Georgia, Mississippi and Arkansas
n Sunday School on February 11th
mme," and workers for tho Sunday
ichool redouble Its efforts during
itely after Sunday school next Sun
'or the day to the South Carolina
jurg, S. C.
effect an abandonment of the meth
ods of submarine warfare which it
was (hon employing and to which it
now purposes again to resort.
"I have, therefore, directed the Sec
retary of Sta(o to announce to his
excellency, the (.orman ambassador,
that all diplomatie relations between
the United States and the Q er Utan
Empire are severed and that tho
American ambassador at Berlin, lm
emdlately will be withdrawn, and in
accordance to this decision to ham!
to his excelloncy his passports.
"Notwithstanding this unexpected
action of the German government,
this sudden and deeply deplorable re
nunciation of its assurances, given
tbin government at one ot its most
critical moments of tension in tho re
lations of the two governments, 1 no
fuse to believe that it is the intention
of the German authorities to do tu
fact what they have warned us they
will feel at liberty to do. 1 cannot,
bring myself to believe that they will
Indeed pay no regard to tho undent
friendship between tholr people and
our own or to the solemn obligations
which have been exchanged between
them and destroy American ships and
take the lives of American citizens tn
the willful prosecution of the ruthless
naval program they have announced
their Intention to adopt. Only overt,
acts upon their part can make me be
lieve it even now.
Should the Worst Happen.
"If the Inveterate confidence on uty
part In the sobriety and prudent fore
sight of their purpose should unhap
pily prove unfounded; if American
ships and American lives In fact bo
sacrificed by their naval commanders
in heedless contravention ot the Juat
and reasonable understandings of the
International law and the obvious
dictates of humanity, I shall take tho
liberty of coming again before tho
Congress to ask that authority be
given me to use any means that may
bo necessary for the protection of our
seamen and people in tho prosecution
bf their i>eac.eful and legitimate er
rands on tho high sens. 1 can do
nothing less. I take lt for granted
that all neutral governments will
take the same course.
. " 'We do not desire a hostile
conflict with the Imperial Gorman
government. We ave the sincere
friends of tho German people and
earnestly desire to remain at peace
with the government which speaks
for them. Wo shall not believe that
they are hostile to us unless and ti ti -
til we are obliged to believe it; and
wo purpose nothing moro than tho
reasonable defense of tho undoubted
rights of our people. Wo wisli to
servo no selfish ends. We seek
merely to stand true alike in thought,
and in action to the immemorial
principles of our people which I have
sought to express In my address to
tho Sonate, only two weeks ago
seek merely to vindicate our right to
liberty and justice and an unmolest
ed life. These are the bases of peace,
not war. God grant that wo may not
be challenged to defend thom hy acts
of wilful injustice on the part of tlte
government of Germany."
AM ICHICA N SEAMAN IS KILLED,
According to Ul lt I nh Ofllciul Itcpoiti
of Sinking of Eavestone.
London, Feb. 5.-The British
steamer Eavestone, of 1,791 tons, has
been sunk and the captain and four
members ol tho crew killed, Lloyds
The official statement says:
"Survivors of the steamship Eave
stone, who landed to-day, report that
their ?hi]i was sunk by shell fire from
a German submarine. Tito crew
abandoned the sinking ship and wore
shelled in their boats hy the subma
"The master and three seamen
were thus killed and the second mate
I was severely wounded. Among the
killed was Richard Wallace, of Balti
Other Ships Sunk.
The British nhl]) Isle of Arran, of
l,7f>9 tons, lias been sunk by a sub
marine, two of her crew being Injur
ed by shell fire, Lloyds also an
The Russian bark Barnet Hill, of
2,27 2 tons gross, ls believed 'by
Lloyds to have been sunk.
Ilellef Ship to Bottom.
London, Feb. 5.-The 'Belgian re
lief steamer Lars Krus was sunk hy
I a torpedo or a minc near the Belgian
coast to-day. Tho vessel carried a
cargo of wheat from Buenos Aires.
The Lars Krus was a vessel of 1,
<IG0 tons. She was under Danish reg
istry. She left. Buenos Aires Decem
ber 2 8th for Rotterdam.
Fairview Farmers' Union.
All members of Fall /lew Farmers'
Union are urged to attend a meeting
of the union, to be held at tho usual
place of meeting next Saturday af
ternoon at 1 o'clock. Business of im
portance to be transacted, and all
members are urged to attend prompt
ly. Whit Knox, Agont.
Ebenezer Farmers' Union.
There will bo a meeting of Ebene
zer Farmers' Union, No. 72, next Sat
urday, February 10, at 7.30 o'clock.
Every member Is urgently requested
to bo there. Como without fail.
T. W. Lecroy, President.
It. M. Holland, Secretary.