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WALHALLA, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, JAN. .">, 1021.
KAISER'S WAR CHANCELLOR
IN Head-Von ItothllUllUt llollwcg's
Lifo Came lo End Nour Berlin.
Berlin, Germany, Jan. 2.-Dr. The
obald Von Bothmann Hollwog. for
mer ('.orman imperial chancellor,died
last night after a brief illness on hts
estate at llohenflnow. near Berlin.
Active Before, During and After.
Among tho latest prominent activ
ities of Dr. Von Bothmann Uollweg
In International lifo was his testi
mony last yoar as a witness before
National Assembly committees inves
tigating responsibility for tho war.
His testimony brought out that he
had originally opposed tho subma
rino warfare and had issued warn
ings not to underestimate America's
strength in the conflict.
One of his most famous utterances
during the war was that concerning
ti "scrap of paper" as rogarded thb
treaty guaranteeing tho neutrality of
This treaty was so characterized hy
Von Bothmann Hollwog during an in
terview which the then chancellor
had with Sir Edward Goschen, the
British ambassador to Germany, in
speaking he showed great irritation,
and tho chancellor expressed his ina
bility to understand Great Britain's
attitude with regard to Germany's
attack on Belgium.
"I found the chancellor very much
agitated." said Sir Fd wa rd after
wards, in writing of the interview.
"His excellency at once began a
harangue which lasted about twenty
minutes. He said the stop taken by
his majesty's government was terri
ble to a degree. .lust for a word -
-'neutrality'-a word which in war
time has so ofton boon disregarded -
just for 'a scrap of paper'-Great
Britain was going to make war on
a kindred nation which desired noth
ing more than to he friendly with
Slr Edward replied in effect that
ho understood tho chancellor's ina
bility to comprehend the British ac
tion, but that Groat Britain attached
moro importance to the "scrap of pa
per" because it bore hor signature,
as well as that of Germany.
Dr. Von Bethman Hollwog was
Ibo originator of the famous refer
ence to tho troaty guaranteeing tho
neutrality of Belgium as a "scrap of
paper." The reference was also made
by him in a statomont heforo Reich
stag in August, 1914, whon he gave
the German viewpoint of what causes
led to tho war. TTc frankly admitted
in this same speech that Germany's
action In invading Belgium had been
morally and legally wrong He justi
fied it only on the grounds of "mili
"Our troops have occupied Luxem
bourg and perhaps have also found
it necessary to enter Belgian terri
tory," he said on Aug. 4. I ttl I. "That
ls contrary to international law. Wo
know, however, that France was
ready to invade Belgium. France
could wait, wo could not, as France
could invade our lower Rhino (lank,
which would prove fa.tal. So we were
forced to disregard the protests of
the Luxembourg and Belgian gov
ernments. We shall try to make good
the injustice we have committed \s
soon ar: our military goal has been
Dr. Von Bothmann Hollwog was
chancellor of Germany from July 14,
IDOfi. to July 14, 10 17. He was suc
ceeded In office hy Dr. George Mich
aelis, an appointee of the former
kaiser. It was said that Von Both
mann Hollwog was forced out of of
fice through the efforts of the mili
tarists, headed by Hindenburg and
Ludondorff, largely because of his
"scrap of paper" statement and his
admission that tho German invasion
of Belgium was unjust. The former
chancellor had on sovoral occasions
issued statements blaming tho mili
tarists for tho war, theso appearing
In 1916 and 1917, while In tho two
Ono Year . .
Six Months .
years previous ho had froquotnly do
clarod that England alono was re
Dr. Von Bothmann Hollwog rocolv
od prominont attoutlon throughout
tho world Ul Juno, 1919, when ho
formally asked tho Allied and asso
ciated powers lo place him on trial
instead of tho former kaiser. Thc su
premo council decided to ignore his
request. Ile vas often mentioned
as among thoso who might be tried
by the Aillos for political offenses in
connection with tho origin of tho
His national activities before IOU
wore marked by bis strong opposi
tion to democratization of Germany.
On several occasions during Ii ls ten
ure of office ho threw out peace fool
ers, particularly in 191 ii, when ho
invited tho Allies to enter negotia
tions. All Of his overtures contained
only the vaguest Indications regard
ing tiie German attitude on a peace
settlement, and they were rejected.
It was following the failure of his
peace efforts in December, 1016, that
he Indorsed unlimited submarino
Dr. Von Bothmann Hollweg was
born In 18?l>. the 1 ?n of Mathias A.
Von Hothmann Hollweg. professor of
civil law at Bonn, and was a grand
son of a member of a Jewish bank
METHODISTS UP-STATE ACTIVE
In Matters of Education-Meeting In
Each District During January.
Hov. J. C. Roper, of Chester, edu
cational secretary for the Upper
South Carolina Conference of the
Methodist Episcopal church, South,
has called a district meeting in en?'il
of the six districts of tho confer
ence, whore the ministers, leading
educators and representative laymen
will discuss plans for inaugurating
tho Christian education movement
in each district.
The schedule of mcotings and th?,
presiding elder of tho district who
will preside is
Anderson, Jan. 1. (Rev. A. E. Hol
Cokesbury. Jan. 10 (Kev. J. W.
Rock Hill, Jan. ll, (Rev. G. C.
. Columbia. Jan. 18. (Rev. J. R. T.
Greenville, Jan. 2 0, (Rev. J. M.
Spartanburg, Jan. 21, (Rev. E. S.
South Carolina Methodists aro es
pecially Interested In tho Christian
education movement, because roven
schools and colleges of the Southern
Methodist church aro located in the
State, and their future growth and
influence are largely linked wit'] tho
success of the movement.
I Leaders of tho church rocogni7o
that the Christian education of 'ho
young people cannot he accomplished
by building great schools. Tho very
roots of Christian education, as th??y
view the situation, are in tho honti
and tho church. Tho Indlvldnal, tho
family, and the homo and thc church
arc n part of the sum total of Chris
tian education as represented In the
aim and scope of tho movement tho
church is now undertaking.
Five major objectives will bo em
phasized in this movement-to edu
cate Hie people to the Imperativo
need of Christian education; to pro
mote the cause by establishing streng
departments of religious education
in tho colleges and universities of
tho church, and hy effecting closer
co-operation hetweon the higher In
stitutions of learning and tho Sun
day school; to impross young poo
ple with tho attractiveness of the
ministry, the mission field and tho
lay activities of the church as a lifo
work; lo aid worthy students train
ing for the work of the church to
obtain thc necessary education, and
to provide adequate means for tho
support and oxtenslon of tho Metho
dist higher institutions of learning;
and, finally, to deepen tho moral and
spiritual life of tho people and win
their enthusiastic support in attain
ing the objectives of the movement.
Dead woman Identified.
Jacksonville. Fla., Jan. 2. - The
woman who was found desperately
wounded last Thursday in a room of
a local hotel, which also contained
Hie dead body of Jack Snndefour, of
Oklahoma City, was Identified to-day
as Mrs. W. F. Meadows, 17 yoars of
age. of Memphis, Tenn. The Identifi
cation was made by her father, W. F.
Walker, of Memphis. The woman
died to-day without having regained
consciousness. Consequently what
caused tho double shooting will pro
bably never be known. Jacksonville
authorities believe the woman shit
Sandefeur as he lay sleeping In heil
and thou turned tho woapon upon
.Finos in England and Scotland
ra roly oxecod $125.
Horons aro found in all parts of
tho world Inhabited by man.
NEWSY LETTER FROM SENECA.
Evangelist Urawa Rig Crowd?-TU?
Seneca, .Jan; 4.-Special: Miss'
Emily Marett ls at homo with her ,
parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. Ii. Marett, h
for the holidays. Miss Emily has hoon!
with her aunt. Mrs. Rust, in Leos-j
burg, Va., attending high school, this:
being lier second year in tho Lees
The Parent-Teachers' Association
will meet next Tuesday afternoon at
I o'clock in the school auditorium.
A full attendance is desired.
Mr. and Mrs. James Webb ami
their young son, Joe, slopped over
in Seneca for a few hours last Thurs
day as they wore returning to their
home in Washington, D. C., after
spending a part of the Christmas
holidays with rolativos In Oconee and
Anderson. Mrs. Webb ls a daughter
of tho late Capt. and Mrs. James T.
Reid, and sho was always popular
and receives a warm welcome from
hor relatives and friends on hoi* re
turn visits, which are semi-annual.
A delightful contribution to the
social program for tho holidays for
the young folk was tho tacky party
Thursday evening, given by Mrs. 10.
C. Doyle in compliment to her Sun
day school class of toen-ago girls.
Bach girl was given the privilege of
inviting a friend. Thoro was fun
enough for everybody, and still more
fun in studying all the artistic (?l
costumes as thoy paradod in review
before thc committee, who had the
hard problem of deciding which cos
tume was the most beautiful! After
deep thought and caroful considera
tion Dan Thompson was given tho
coveted prize. Tho gaines were en
joyed, bul tho jolliest time of all was
the mock wedding, when Miss Helen
Ramsey was given in marriage to
Dan Thompson by the preacher, Wal
lace Kay. Mrs. Doyle, assisted by
Mrs. D. P. Thomson, served delicious
refreshments, which consisted of ice
cold locust beer and ginger cakes.
J. E. Sitton and family aro moving
this week to Greenville, whore they
will make thoir home In the future.
Seneca loses another good family
in Mr. and Mrs. J. Ed. Kelley, who
have moved to their former home at
Tamassee. Tho best wishes of a host
of frlonds of these good people go
After spending a part of thc holi
day season here in Seneca with
his parents, Dr. and Mrs, J. H. Bur
gess, and sisters, Thomas Burgess re
turned to Selma, Ala., tho early part
of the week, where he has been en
gaged in business since his gradua
tion from Clemson College in June.
Mrs. J. L. Marett has returned
from Atlanta, after a delightful visit
of a few days to relatives and friends
With tho dignity and simplicity
which makes a home wedding pecu
liarly sacred and impressive was the
marriage of Miss Louise Lawrence
and Robert Washintgon Kay, on last
Wednesday, Dec.29th, at the home
of tho bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs.
John T. Lawronco, Greonwood. The
parlor, living and dining rooms wero
lovely In the decorations, which were
suggestive of the Christmas soason,
with bowls of snow-white narcissi,
and those added fragrance and beau
ty to the scone. Promptly at twelve
o'clock the ring bearer, Jack Law
rence, tho small brother of the bride,
entered the parlor, carrying tho ring
In a poinsettia, and took his place by
tho minister, Rev. Turnipseed, pas
tor of thc Methodist church of Green
wood. Miss Jessie Lawrence, maid
of honor, came next, wearing a hand
some dress of black satin, and carry
ing a baskot of holly tied with red
chiffon and showered with sprigs of
holly. Tho bride entered loaning on
the arm of her father, and was met
at the Improvised altar by the groom
and his best man. Claud Hopkins, of
Seneca. The boantiful ring coremony
of the Methodist church was used.
Well suited to the bride's girlish
beauty was tho handsome coat suit
of brown cloth, with hat, furs and
accessories to correspond. Sim car
ried an arm bouquet of bride's roses
and white narcissi. A delicious lunch
eon was served, after which the bride
and groom motored to Greenville,
and took a northbound train for a
short honeymoon. They arrivod in
Seneca tho lotter part of the week
and for the present will make thoir
home with the groom's parents, Mi
and Mrs. W. ?.*. Kay. Mrs. Kay nooda
no introduction to the people of Sen
eca, willoh was her home until some
twelve months ago. when her family
adopted Greenwood as their homo.
Sho has a host of friends who aro
happy to have her cast her lot again
In their midst. Mr. Kay ls prescrip
tion clerk for tho Soneca Pharmacy
and claims his friends by his ac
qualntancos, who wish for tho happy
young couplo happiness and prosper
Ity, with congratulations to the
groom for having boon so fortunate
as to win tho heart and hand of the
bride. Only a fow cloao frlonds at
tondod tho marriage. Tho out-of-town
guests wore Mr. and Mrs. W. J.
Schroder, of Walhalla; Jos. L. Byrd,
Wallace Kay, Mr. and Mrs. Claude
The Presbyterian church was filled
io its fullest seating capacity Sunday
morning to hear Evangelist "Bob"
lonos, of natlon-wido fame, who is
giving eight days of his limo to assist
ibo State Sunday School Association
in Its campaign for Sunday school
I'vungolism. Loon Palmor, Stato field
secretary for the Sunday School As
sociation, introduced tho speaker,
rho evangelist delivered a masterful
Mldress on the subjojct, "Klshors of
Mon," and held tho undivided atten
tion of tho large audienco through
out tho address, although there were
i number of persons who were stand
ing through tho lecture. Seneca was
very fortunato in being one of tho
(ifteen cities and towns that will have
the privilcgo of hearing thjs distin
guished speaker while on his cam
paign from Jan. 1st to nth, and this
was also his initial address in thc
Stato in this campaign.
Tho pulpit of tho Presbyterian
church was filled for tho ovening
sorvlces Sunday by E. L. Barber, a
student of tho Theological Seminary
in Columbia. Mr. Barber has a good
delivery and dolivorod a sermon that
showed thoughtful consideration.
LYNCHINGS SHOWED DECItEASli
During I?20-Thora Were ((1 Last
Year and Sil During 1010.
Tuskegee. Ala., Jan. 1.-Lynchings
were less numerous during 10 2 0 than
in 1010, records compiled at Tuske
gee Institute show. Sixty-one persona
- including eight white mon-were
put to death by mobs this year, as
compared with S3 last year and 6-1
in 10 1S.
The report shows fit; instances in
which officers of the law prevented
lynchings during 1020, and that 46
of these instances were in Southern
States. Armed force was used to re
pel would-be lynchers on fourteen oc
casions, and in four of these the mobs
were fired upon and seven of tho at
tackers were killed and a number
wounded. In 12 cases prisoners were
removed or the guards were aug
mented or other precautions taken.
Of the 61 persons lynched, the re
port says, 62 wore in tho South and
nine In the North and Wost. One of
those put to doath was a negro wo
man. Eighteen of those lynched were
charged with attacks or attempted
attacks on women; three were burn
ed to death, one of whom was charg
od with attacking and niurdoring a
woman, and two men for killing land
lords during disputes, the report also
notes. The offenses charged against
the white men wero: Murder 5, in
sulting woman 1 ; "no charge excopl
being a foreigner," and killing an of
ficer of tho law, 1.
Offenses charged against the ne
groes lynchod, are listed as follows
in this report:
Murder 5, attempted murder 4,
killing officers of the law 5, killing
landlord during dispute 6, atlackf
upon women 15, attempted attacks
3, assisting fugitives to escape 3,
wounding another 2, insulting wo
men 2, knocking down guard and
"escaping from chain gang and then
returning and surrendering 2, and 1
each of the following:
Jumping labor contracts, threaten
ing to kill man. cutting man in fight
for receiving stay of death sentence
because another confessed crime
pooping through window at woman
insisting on voting.
Tho lynchings by States were:
Texas 10, Georgia 0: Mississippi
Alabama and Florida 7 each; Minne
sota, North Carolina, Oklahoma and
Californio 3 each; Arkansas, Kansas
Illinois, Kontucky, Missouri, Ohio,
South Carolina, Virginia and Wost
Virginia, 1 each.
A Portland, Ore., poultryman pro
poses to turn out 300,000 chickens a
year with electric incubators.
1921 Catalog Free
It's ready now. 116 handsomely ll
luatrated pages of worth-while soot
and garden news. This new catalog
wo believe, ls tho moat valuable aeoc
book evor published. It contalni
twenty full pages of tho most populai
vegetables and flowers in their natu
ral colors, tho finest work of ita kine
With our photographic Illustrations
and color plcturos also from photo
graphs, we Bhow you Juat what yoi
grow with Hastings' Soods even bo
for? you ordor tho aoeds. Thia cata
log makes garden and flowor bed
planning easy and lt should be in ev
ery ningi i .Southern homo. Write ui
a post-card for lt, giving your narai
and nddreaa. It will como to yoi
by return mail and you will bo might}
glad you've got lt.
Hastings' Heeds aro tho Standard
of the South and they have the larg
est mall order sood house in the work
back of them. They've got to be thc
best. Write now for the 1921 esta
log. It ls absolutely free.
H. G. HASTINGS CO., SEEDSMEN,
/ , ' ' ">.' :,. \*?ffi
' ' ' ' ,\ ?y\V;':'
Needing a Range
You have perhaps been waiting until the prices are re
; duced. If so, come and buy now? We have the most complete
j Buck's Stoves and Ranges,
IVIajestic Ranges and
Cole's Blast Hot Heaters
?that you will find in Oconee County. & The prices arc
way down. Come and see.
Ballenger Harflware and Furniture Go.,
' I Seneca, S. C.
j TRAIN ROBBER KBITS PAP KR.
"In for Quarter Century, Takes Ac
. j tive Charge of Coori Words."
i I _
-j Atlanta, Doc. 31.-H. Grady Webb,
. ? former Birmingham, Ala., citizen,
- j now serving a sentence of a quarter
? century in Atlanta penitentiary after
j conviction in connection with some
? of the biggest train robberies in ro
1 cont year, is oditor of "Good Words,"
! published monthly at the Atlanta
p : penitentiary, with tho approval of
;, the Department of Justice, for the
. encouragement and advancement, of
1 the prisoners. Ho ls proving to be
i ' successful In thc position. Tho last
? number of "Good Words" ls an tnter
t os ting one.
! H. Grady Webb has visions of groat
j things in tho world. The history of
I his life reads Uko a novel, and largo
portions of it like tho provorblal
? ; "dime novel." He was tho brains of
1 j a gang of train robbers operating on
1, a big scale, participating In robberlos
. that resulted in groat sums hoing
Following ono of those 'big jobs"
? j tho sleuths of tho government and of
'. the national agencies and of private
1 j agencies far and wide, started on a
i j morry chase to Webb's offlcos In ono
. . of the sky-scrapors of Birmingham.
Tho cluos lcd in many directions
j and apparently, for a while, were
1 ahondoned. But the government nov
' er sloops, and the search continued
, and Webb fell Into the web construct
! ed by the government spiders,
j His trial and conviction followed.
. and ho is now in the prison In At
I lanta, where, lt is stated, he is mak
I ing a model prisoner.
j Pastor Well Treated.
j On Tuesday afternoon. Dec. 2S,
I the members of Wolf Stake Baptist
1 church came riding up to their Held
j parsonage, and when Invited into
j tho house sang a few Rood songs and
, had social conversation, and when
" thoy began to leave they unmade '
J their vehicles and loaded their pas
, tor's table with flour, meal, moat, po
I tatoes, fruits, vegetables, sugar, cof
. foo-In fact, everything needful for
j tho pantry.
I May tho Ivord bless each and ovory
t ono that contributed to this colloc
I tion of good things to eat.
Jj M. J. Stansoll, Past r.
j I --
j! Training camps will ho conductod
? by tho War Dopartmont noxt summor
for tho Reservo Officers' Training
Corps, composed of students of vari
ous educational institutions.
SUMMONS FOR RELIEF.
The State of South Carolina,
County of Oconee.
IN COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.
Hank of Walhalla, a corporation cre
ated by and existing under the
laws of Soifth Carolina,
Thomas A. Smith, A. Walters, Home
Insurance Company of New York,
a corporation; Globe and Rutgers
Insurance Company, a corporation,
and J. A. Moody, Defendants.
SUMMONS FOR RELIEF. - (Com
To the Defendants above named:
You are hereby summoned and re
quired to answer tho Complaint In
this action, of which a copy is hore
with served upon you, and to servo
a copy of your Answer to tho said
Complaint on tho subscribers, at
their office, on tho Public Square, at
Walhalla Court House, South Caro
lina, within twenty days after the
service heroof, exclusivo of the day
of such service; and If you fall to
answer tho Complaint wjithin tho
time aforesaid, the Plaintiff in this
action will apply to tho Court for the
roliof demanded in the Complaint.
Dated this 3 0th day of December,
1920. STIELOR & HUGHS,
NOTICE TO DEBTORS AND
All persons Indebted to the estate
of .1. S. MALONE, DECEASED, are
hereby notified to moko payment
to tho undersigned, and all per
sons having claims against said es
tato will present tho same, duly at
attested, within tho time proscribed
by law, or be barred.
MRS. CHARITY MALONE,
Administratrix (with Will annexed)
lOstate of J. S. Malone, Deceased.
Jan. 5, 1921. 1-4*
The State of South Carolina. Coun
ty of Oconee.- (In Court of Probate)
-Hy V. F. Martin, Esq., Probate
Judge.-Whereas, IDA EARLE has
made -suit to me to grant her
Letters of Administrai ion of tho Es
tate ol' and Effects of Claud IO. Earle.
These are. therefore, to cite and
admonish all and singular the kin
dred and creditors of the said
Claud IO. Earle, Deceased, that, they
bo and appear before mo, In tho
Court of Probate, to bo hold at Wal
halla Court House, South Carolina,
on Friday, the 14th day of Janu
ary. 1921, aftor publication heroof,
at ll o'clock In tho forenoon, to
show cause, If any thoy have, why
tho said Administration should not
Glvon undor my hand and seal this
31st day of Decomhor. A. D. 1920.
(Seal.) V. F. MARTIN,
Judge of Probate for Oconee Co., S.C.
Published on tho 5th and 12th
days of Jauuary, 1921, In Tho Koo
woe Courier, and on tho Court House
door for the time prescribed by law.
Jon. 5, 1921. 1-2