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Th* Best and Surest Summer Legume
for South Carolina-Great for Feed
and Fertility, Says N. E. Win
ter?, Extension Agronomist.
Clemspn College, April 25.-Ot the
great variety of legumes which may
be grown in South Carolina for feed,
pasture, and soil improvement, velvet
beans probably head the list for the
They make a fairly good growth on
the poorest land in the South.
They make a bigger growth than
almost any other legume.
Because of their growth they take
a largo amount of nitrogen from the
air; and when plowed under or pas
tured off and all residue and manuro
incorporated with the soil, most of
this nitrogen and large amounts of or 1
gantie matter are added to the soil. I
Every ton of growth may add to the
soil from 25 to 30 pounds of expon '
They will mnke moro milk and meat i
per acre as a pasture next fall and
winter than anything farmers can
plant this spring. I
Last, hut not least, when planted-ln
corn they help to check that "Fodder :
pallin' disease," an antiquated and ex
pensive method of making feed.
Probably thc best varieties for
Routh Carolina are the Early Speckled
or Ninotv Day, and the Osceola. Thu '
former matures in about 120 days and
tho latter in about 1G0 days. The Os- I
toola makes a larger growth of vino
and foliage and larger pods than tho
Karly Speckled; but as lt needs about
.10 days longer period, it is not so well
adapted to tile upper part of the state. ;
The Early Epocklod matures any
where in South Carolina, Livestock
usually eat tho Early Speckled more
readily than the Osceola, although
they like both.
Method of Planting.
Vol vol beans make more seed and
bettor pasture if they have a trellis to ,
run on, and corn ls the most profit
able trellis. Most velvet bean grow
ers plant them in tholr corn, in alter-1
nate rows with the corn, using corn j
rows 6 1-2 to 7 foet wide. If the length I
of season permits, it ls a good plan to
plant the beans from 20 to 30 days j
after the corn, which permits tho
corn to make more growth before tho
beans begin to entwine around lt, and
results in the corn standing up better
at harvest time.
Another method adapted to tho up
per part of the state especially ls to
lay off all rows about four foot apart
and plant every third row to velvet
beans with corn In the two rows be
tween T-hls ls especially advisable
where ? heans are planted at tho
same time ns the corn, ns it takes
longer for tho vi mw to cover the corn
and usually leave: a better opening
between the two cora rows In which
one may walk In gathering tho corn.
Amount of Seed Per Acre.
Farmers are using from one to two
pecks of seed per acre for planting in
corn, planting from 12 to 24 inches
apart In the drill. If planted alone in
rows, about one bushel of seed per
acre Ir required, or about six pocks
Effect on Corn Crop.
The first year the beans may re
duce tho yield of corn about two bush
els (about the same reduction as pull
ing fodder causes) ; but the next year
following n crop of velvet beans tho
yield of corn is likely to be increased
about 33 per cent, and cotton about 25 j
percent. On poor soil the Increases
are often more than this.
Fertilization and Inoculation.
It is usual ^o fertilizo the corn aa
you otherwise'would and let the volvot
beans use what the corn doesn't got.
Some farmers ineroaso the amount of
their corn fertilizer for the benefit of
tho velvet beans. It ls never neces
sary, however, to Increase the amount
of ammonia in tho fertilizer for vel
Velvet benns use the same Inocula
tion as cowpeas, peanuts, and lespo
doza or Japan clover, hence inocula
tion is practically never necessary, as
our soils aro already Inoculated for
Velvet Beans-Good Business.
Velvet beans are the safest and
surest summer legume for South Caro-1
Una, and wo are not going to be the
prosperous state that Cod Intended i
until every cornfield In South Carolina
ls wrapped up in velvet beans evory j
In most of our soils nitrogen is tho
limiting element In crop production.
It is also the most expensive part of
the fertilizer that we buy. Nearly
thirty million dollars was spent in
1020 by the South Carolina farmers
for nitrogen; yet It Is estimated that
ono square mlle of the air contains
enough nltrogon to supply the wholo
world for fifty years for crop produc
tion. There are 85,000 tons of nitro
gen In tho air above evory acre just j
walting to be pulled down and made
available for growing crops by using j
volvot heans and other legumes in tho (
Humus, the very foundation of soil j
fortuity, Is also the crying need of
our soils. Velvet beans will help ns
much or more than any other crop In
building up the supply of humus In the
Tho marketing problem will bo well
on tho road to solution when growers
are willing to cooperate with their
notghbors instead of competing with
Dc wea realize that your county I
agent is one of tho most valuablf
assets to your county?
Subscribe for Tho Courlor. (Iles?.)
POSTMA?TJBRSHIPS ARE REINO '
Considered by President and Iii? Ad
viser?-Muy Rescind Wilson Order.
Washington, April 20.-President
Harding to-day tackled the problem
of po8tma8torshlps throughout the
country, their removal and appoint
ment on a basis that would make
for efficiency instead of political In
Postmaster General Will Hays
talked at length with the Persldont
about the executive order issued by |
President Wilson whereby postmas
ters were placed under civil service
rulos. There has been much mis
understanding about tho 'Republican
desire to remove that order. It has
boen called a return to the "spoils"
system. Mr. Harding ls unwilling to
have that menning attached to the
plans of his administration In respect
to postmasters. Ho does mean, how
ever, to see to lt that all postmasters
shall bo appointed on a merit system.
Although no definite announcement
cnn be made as yet, lt looks as if the
administration policy would bo some
what ns follows:
First. Revocation of the Wilson
executive order whereby only ono
man was eligible for appoint mont
out of a group of applicants who had
passed an examination.
Second. Substitution of an execu
tive order putting all postmasters
under civil service rules and requir
ing examination, but permitting ap
pointment from any one of the top
I li reo on tho eligible list.
Third. Recommendation lo Con
gress thal legislation be enacted to
make tho system permanent, so that
every time a new President is elect
ed the post olllce system shall not bo
subject to the whims of executive or
ders, but that the responsibility for
changes shall lie with Congress as a
In support of the Harding plan, the
argument ls made that many of tho
postmasters appointed under tho
Wilson administrai ion were placed !
in the civil service classification j
without examination, and that lt is
uot fair to permit the Democrats to
remain In olllce without taking their
chances in an open examination. It
is insisted that both Republicans and
Democrats who passed their exam!- !
nations under the Wilson executive
order will not be disturbed. The now
arrangement would apply only to
postmasters who hold their jobs by
political appointment and who never
wore obliged to pass any examina
Of course there are objections to
tho examination system on (he
ground that a school teacher could
answer the questions asked on an
examination paper more readily than
most applicants with executive abil
ity and little book loro. Put Post
master General Hays insists that the
examinations will cover executive
talents, and, indeed, the selections
will bo based on organizing ability
rather than mere book knowledge.
The Postmaster ?General is heart
ily in favor of the merit system be
cause he thinks it is the only way to
put the post office department on an
ellicient basis. He is full of enthusi
asm about tho future and realizes
the responsibility of his task. He
therefore ls urging President Hard
ing lo make it possible for postmas
ters to be selected on an elficioncy
basis so that an improvement In thc
entire mall service may result.
lt is probable that Mr. Harding
will accept the advice of Will Hays
and put all the postmasters under
' civil service rules and require ex
? mutilations of all incumbent post
masters who got. their jolis through
The new Postmaster General also
has the full support of Mr. Harding
in tho plan to humanize the post
' 'lice department. There aro many
places throughout the country where'
the conditions under which clerks
are working are conducive to bad j
health. Mr. Hays declares the gov
ernment should keep pace with pro-'
grosslvo employers, who are spend
ing large sums of money for social
welfare. Ile has called a conference
euee of tho heads of the employees'
organizations and will begin to-mor
row a careful study of the whole sub
ject. All (ho energy and Industry
which Will Hays exhibited as chair
man of inc Republican National cam-j
pnign seems to havo been transfer-:
red to the post Office department. Ho
is alivo with now plnns and now j
schemes for efllcienc.,. lt will not he
his fault If tho country before long
does not find an improvement in the
mall service. j
Railroad TltllOS. I
Passenger "I wonder if my watch
is right. Would you tell mo tho
Conductor--"OnA-Fifty-Kight!." J ;
Passenger-"Thanks; I have two
to two, too!"
Nw Quinine That Does Not ?ffest the Head
necnuneof Its tonic niul lnxntive effect, I.AXA
TlVIt BROMO Q?ININB ls l>cUer than ordinary
Quinine mid doc? ?ot cnusc ncrvouMttl nor
ringing In henri. Remember the full name and
look for the signature ol li. W. OKOVBi 3Uc.
A Seeker Who
?jj By REV. H. OSTROM, D. D.
Extension Department, Moody ||
Bible Instit ute, Chicago.
TEXT-A man read EsalaB the prophet.
-ActB 8:27, 2?.
Here Is a mun who wants to know.
Here ls a genuine inquirer. He Is not
-I caught In the cur
Srent of careless
ness, as If he did
dread Its results.
Tills Ethiopian ls
defying und deny
ing Him would he lu make war ho
tween lils own attributes. Such n
thing ls Impossible, But this man Ss
rending the righi kind of literature.
Reading thu theories of unbelievers,
viewing vile pictures, and hearing
"shady" songs represents no favorable
ground on which lo lind u Holy Hod
Thal cull of Hod a fier the first man
"Adam where url thou?" suggests thal
man should answer to Hod for bis at
titude. livery man ls responsible foi
bellin an earnest inquirer after God
Admitting must give place to inqulr
Such a man may expect to sight bj
faith, Jesus Christ as Savior. Now
He has been all tho while revealed li
that very chapter from which the mai
was rending, but he did not see Hin
with the eyes of his heart. Whei
.Phillp made the word clear to bira
then he had no further need to Inqulr
"of whom?" Ile was where fnltl
could easily root and fruit. Bein
there, lt ls little wonder that he ask
for the charlot to stop that he may b
baptized. He has it all settled nov
thut the person "of whom" the propbt
wrote ls none other than our sncr
flclal and donth-?onquerlng Jesus.
The change has been quick. Nc
he ls rending but not seeing, again h
ls accepting and proving. Like a ma
looking nt a field and seeing broa
acres ; but, now with a drill he strike
oil, and that field, that very same Heb
contains his fortune. We do not se
him take time to turn to another pa
of t)u> roll nor do we see him haugh
Hy lay the roll aside. Ile ls, we thin
looking still nt that very same selc
lion-so short is the time.-and 1
sees Jesus. After nil He Was the:
revealed, and not obscured. Many
man has lost his pen behind his ov
ear. Is lt there. All he needs is
find li. So ibis man discovers Jesi
in the Bible. The charlot surges
some awkwardness, moving over tl
uneven way, but THE WORD fits an
where when a soul ls inquiring. Mi
have boon saved on shipboard,
barns, In forests, In graveyards. >
mountains and plains. There ls :
geography mentioned In the Invita'tlc
You can bo saved where you now ni
One says, "I am In the meshes
bad habits." Well, God will beor
honest Inquirer from there. Just lot
look, look to Jesus from where y
nre. Men snv, "Wc are Infidels, uni
Hovers, agnostics." Well, God \\
take you from there. There is no
rectlon given ns to the starting pla
AH have sinned, nnd sinners con
saved by accepting Jesus. Start fri
anywhere?. Start from where you ni
are. If you will accept Jesus, you ci
not overtax His power to save. R'
Hons of people say that they were s'
prised with salvation. They had i
expected it five minutes before tl:
were sure they lind lt. They wi
thinking of the long list of refor
they must work out first. But one lc
to Jesus, the surprise was theirs. A
lt was everlasting lifo ? Something
gain ! *.
Whatever may have caused this m
to be interested in what" he was re:
lng, he lind struck a portion of Sci
ture which gave him to see the er
of Christ, and who could see tl
without being surprised? No man <
see that with the eyes of his heart ii
not be saved. He sees that what
'needs cannot he bought or traded;
ls n gift. "The gift of God Is eter:
life." The place where he rend t
about the lamb being led to the slnu
ter; lt had tho word "humiliation"
it too. That is lt, lt ls Jesus, r
Jesus for him, What n discovery!
There ls the price paid, and there
nothing more to pny ; so he takes i
gift of salvation.
Phillp knew well how to help t
man. Ile gives forth not the slight
uncertain note about prophecy, i
does he appeal In his own argume
born of his own opinions to the in
How ninny who read this will ti
Isaiah's prophecy, chapter flfty-thi
and read lt? But if you do read lt. \
you cast aside theorizing nb
"who knows" or "how cnn this I
and Just look to see who Is hero
forth, and why? When the chap
uses the word "our" (for the time
lng) lei the word "my" be inserted
Its place; how can you fall to see h
your Savior? Talk about d Iscover I
Finding n continent! Discovering
musician or an artist ! When you li
seen Jems here in Ills Word, you hi
discovered riches of grace. And lt
Subscribe for Tho Courier. (Bc
M I OHIO AUK AUTHENTIC 1
how many Ford Care and 1
how many have boon sold
Showing tlutt actual Halos f<
Ford Curs and Trucks'.
estimated April output of tl
THESE FACTS OLEAR
much faster than mamifacti
storks, which are now bcitl|
polled to wait, for their Gum
plus of orders will prevent
IF YOU WOULD EH H
should place your order HOT
CLOUDLESS SKY POURS RED-HOT
Metal Over in Georgia-.Meteors Ex
plode With Terrill?; Force.
Pitts, Ga., April 20.-Meteors of
the aerolite type that traveled
through the air, apparently in a
southwesterly direction, exploded
with such violence close to the earth
hero to-day that buildings were
One negro, at work in the field
where a six-pound piece of tho red
hot metal struck, unearthed the
fragment five feet below the surface
and fifteen minutes after it fell it
was too hot to handle.
A shower of these aerolites fell
near here. Many pieces wore picked
from nn opon field into which most
of 'her. toll, the largest being sent
; to Allanta for auulytdts.
T r; explosion hore was heard for
mil? . Fanners telephoned here to
determin? the cause of tho explo
sions. Tho nerolite, of vivid bright
ness, was plainly seen In the cloud
less sky, and its trail was visible for
two minutes. -
No One Reported Injured.
Macon, Ga., April 20.-A meteor
or a series of meteors passed over
Middle and Southern Georgia about
I) o'clock this morning, exploding
and showering hot metal as heavy as
iron, according to reports received
here to-night. It was seen at Macon.
It exploded over Cordele and Pitts,
thc latter place some distance east
of Cordele, and Albany, southwest
At Pitts, in Wilcox county, more
than a dozen heavy explosions were
heard, followed by a sharp cracking
in tho air for several minutes, and
red-hot metal, some pieces weighing
as much as six pounds each, fell to
the oarth, trailing black smoke. The
sky was cloudless.
The majority of the pieces fell In
open fields, and so far as known to
night no ono wns injured.
People Par Away Mysteried.
HawkinsvlUe, Ga., April 20.- Res
idents here believed that an explo
sion high over this city at fl o'clock
this morning was an aeroplane, and
that the machine and its pilot had
Pulaski county was combed for
wreckage, but nono was found, anl
lt was not until reports of aerolites
falling In Wilcox county, twenty
miles south of hero to-night, that tho
mystery was solved.
Those who are in a "run down" con
dition will notice that Catarrh bothers
them much more Ullin when they are
In good beni til. This fact proves that
while Catarrh ls n local disease, it is
greatly influenced by constitutional
conditions. HALL'S CATARRH
MKD?CINR is a Tonic and Blood Puri
fier, and nets through the blood upon
thc mucous surfaces of the body, thus
reducing the Inflammation and restor
ing normal conditions.
All druggists. Circulars free.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio.
KntertaJnment at Earle's (hove.
A vory interesting program will he
rendered at Karie's Grove school
house on Friday night, April 2flth,
ai S o'clock. Tbero will bo no ad
mission chargo made. All will wc
cordially welcomed and an earnest
endeavor will he made to please and
Faculty Earle's Grovo School.
THE UNIVERSAL CAR
MOUHES from tho Fort! Factory at 1
[Yucks have been built each month sh
tu rotuli customers in tho United Sta
n .127,071 Total Item 11 Sall
>r tile first three months of 1021 exe?
S already specify 107,71l> additional
io Factory and Assembly (Mauls eonil
;IiV SHOW that the demand for Fori
iring facilities to produce, and were i
; rapidly depleted, many more custon
i. It. will he only a matter of weeks,
anything like prompt deliveries,
ll'III'] of having your Ford Cur or Tl'tli
iv. Don't delay. Phone us or drop in
S. C. WESTI
L'S F OF POiSOX (?AS IX FUT HUE
Wars to Ile Hellish Art-Inventor of
Deadly ..Lewisite" Discusses lt.
West Point, N. Y" April 21.-A
plan for the protection of battleships
at sou against an enemy's poisonous
fumes by the installation of a "gas
mask" for a whole ship was outlined
in an address to ofllccrs and students
of the military academy hore yester
day by Prof. W. Leo Lewis, head of
the chemistry department of North
western University and inventor of
the deadly gas, "Lewisite," perfected
just as the World War closed.
"We face the possibility in the
naval warfare of the future of armor
piercing toxic and tear sholls, smoko
screens, toxic smoke clouds and in
visible toxic fumes,** s'a I fl- Prof. Lew
Is. "We also may confider in this
connection parallel defensivo meas
ures, such as a gas mask for a whole
"Gas weapons capable of a much
finer adaptation to purpose than ex
plosive weapons will be. devised and
the future will see worked out a great
deal of scientific refinement in the
development of gas weapons for all
types of military operations.
"Future battles will not be to the
strong, but lo the superior Intelli
gence. Warfare will become less a
matter of brute strength and rela
tive man-power, and more and more
a matter of scientific acumen. Pat
ties will be shorter and moro decis
ive, and hence Innocent populations
will suffer loss."
Prof. Lewis declare) tlmt the pre
vailing impression of the uncivilized
and inhuman character of toxic gases
as a military weapon is not well sub
"Tlie purpose of warfare is to
break down the enemy's man-power
as quickly as possible," ho said. "The
three criteria by which the humane
ness of any particular method might
be judged are, first, the method to
produce wide casualties; second, the
per coin of deaths among the
wounded, and, finally, the complete
ness of recovery of the wounded.
"The efficiency of toxic gas lo pro
duce widespread casualties was am
ply demonstrated in the last war. As
to the lost of humaneness, the death
rato from bullets and shrapnel
wounds in the last was among the
American soldiers was in round num
bers 24 per cent, while the gas rate
ran about two and one-half per
cont. Thus n soldier wounded from
gas has twelve limes tho chances of
recovery over a soldier wounded
from shrapnel, without the chance
of permanent disfigurement."
Oer ma ny Asks Harding's .Mediation.
Herlin, April 21.-- The German
government has formally asked (he
President of tho United States to
mediate in the reparations question.
Tho note ombodving the request
was forwarded Wednesday by Lorlng
Dresel, ?he American commissioner
in Herlin, to the S?ato Department
in Washington. The note was signed
by Chancellor Fahrenbach and Dr.
Walter Simons, the foreign minister.
For Expectant Mother?
USED BY THREE GENERATIONS
Wirri poa BOOKLET ON MOTHIRHOOD ?MO TM BABY, rift
URAoriiLD KLOULATQR CO,, Dm. s-u, ATLANTA, QA.
)c(roit. They show you Just
iou .1 ninia ry 1, 1021, ami
cs. . . 207,0.12
?oded production by 80,058
Cars ami Trucks, and the
lined mils for only 00,0001
1 Automobiles ls growing
t not for tho deniers' liini(e<I
.ors would have been coin
therefore, until a big sur?
ck when you want, it, you
s n card.
LINSTER, S. C.
I CAMPAIGN I'HHt THIRTY-THREE
.Million Dollars by Methodists for the
Cause of Education.
Tho educational jnslitutjfons In\
behalf of which the Methodist Epis
copal church, South, has launched
tho groat Christian education move
ment to raise $-33,OOO,OOO, aro wor
thy of the undertaking. ,
Wofford College, at Spartanburg,
which is to share in the fund to the
extent of half a million dollars, has
just been promised $200,000 on its
endowment by the genoral education
board of Now York, with the under
standing that the college raises
$300,000 between now and the colso
of the year. Dr. "Wallace Bulterick,
president of tho generad education.,
board, in speaking of tho offer, deb
elares that no other institution bas
had its cause presented so forcefully
as Dr. ?Snyder presented the causo ot
As Wofford has attracted wide at
tention and won tho admiration of
nil sections, there aro other institu
tions of which Southern Methodism
is justly as proud, and they are go
ing to share in the $33,000,000 fund
which the church proposes to raise
May 29th to .Dino 5th, inclusive. Tho
institutions in this State, with their
approved askings are
Carlisle School, Bamberg, $75,000
Columbia College,Columbia, $300,
Dander College, Greenwood, $300,
Morry Industrial School, Aynor,
Textile Industrial School, Spartan
Wofford Eitting School, Spartan
Wofford College, Spartanburg,
The campaign ls launched in obe
dience to the expressed will and com
mand of the General Conference of
101S, the supreme authority In the
church. The educational secretary
for thc South Carolina Conference ls
Rev. G. E .Edwards, of Orangeburg;
for tho Upper South Carolina Con
ference, Kev. J. C. Hoper, of Chester.
Tho conference financial directors
are: For the South Carolina Con
ference, Leland Moore, of Charles
ton, and for the Upper South Caro
lina Conference, .Judge CC. Feather
stone, of Greenwood.
The quota for the South Carolina
Conference in tho $33,000,000 fund
is $1,1 10,500. The quota for tho
Upper South Carolina Conference ls
$1J 17,500. This makes a total of
$2,267,000 for the Methodists of tho
ontiro State of South Carolina.
Those .subscribing to tho fund for
Christian education havo five years
in which lo meet their obligations.
To Stop a Cough Quick
toko HAYES' HEALING HONEY, a
cough medicine which stops the cough by
healing the inflamed and irritated tissues.
A box of GROVE'S O-PEN-TRATE
SALVE for Chest Colds, Head Colds and
Croup is enclosed with every bottle of
HAYES' HEALING HONEY. The salve
should bo rubbed on the chest and throat
of children suffering from a Cold or Croup.
Tho healing effect of Hayes' Healing Honoy In
sldo tho throat combined with tho healing effect of
Grove's O-Pen-Trato Salve through the pores of
tho skin soon stops a cough.
Doth remedies aro packed In ono carton and tho
cost ortho combined treatment ls 35c
Just ask your druggist for HAYES*
Tho oarllest Iron ships woro built
like their wooden predecessors, with
closoly spaced riba.