JOIN A CO-OPERATIVE BULL
Beet Way to Rapidly Develop Fin?
Clemson Sollege, May 9.-The pur
pose of bull associations is to bring
about the rapid development of pro
ductive milk cows of tfood conforma
tion. This is accomplished principally
by the joint purchase, ownership, uso,
exchange, and salo of good purebred
dairy bulls. A recent census report
shows 203,000 milk cows in South Car
olina. Most of those cows are not kept
in dairies, but are used on farms and
in villages to furnish the family milk
supply. Not more than one-half of one
per cent are purebreds. The ma
jority of these mjlk cows do not
carry enough dairy blood to give them
a tendency to produce milk profita
bly; therefore the families owning
such cows are without milk, except
for a few months after thoir cows
freshen. By introducing the blood of
highly developed dalry cows through
their sons tho calves from our pres
ent milk cows tv.ay become handsome
ly profitable cows
A bull association consists of three
or more communities owning at least
three high class bulls. Bach commu
nity is known as a block of this asso
ciation. Tho number of members in
each block will depend on the number
of cows owned. Since each block
should consist of 30 to HO cows owned
within one and one-half to two miles
of ibo community center, one man
owning 40 cows might form a bloch
alono, while the next community
might have 20 members owning a to
tal of 50 cows. Tho association is
managed by a board of directors con
sisting of one member selected from
each block to serve one year. This
board of directors manages and con
trols all the business and the associa
tion, makes proper arrangement of
the blocks, selects, purchases, amt
sells the bulls of the association, fixes
the rate of compensation for bull ser
vice, arranges for keepers and their
compensation, and for the care and
handling of bulls.
How to Organize an Association.
The success of a co-operative bull
association depends largely on the
care' used in its organization. Before
an organization is attempted, the far
mers interested should obtain as
much information as possible regard
ing the plan of operation. This in
formation can be secured from thc
county agricultural agent or from the
Extension Service of Clemson Col
lege. Active work by the county agri
cultural agent ls necessary in order
to perfect a hull association, alni o
it fakes the time of some ova very
ranch Interested to see tho membern
of tho communities and got thom to
gether in a county organization.
After those interested havo been in
formed as to the plans the county
agent should call a meeting in each
community sutable for a block. At
this meeting the plan nf operation of
the hull association should ho geno
over and explained by tho county
agent, a dairy specialist, or a member
of an association .already in opera
tion. Those present dosi ring to be
come members should sign an agree
ment somewhat like the following:
"Wo, tito undersigned farmers ot
_county, realizing tho
need of moro profitable dairy cows
and the Importance of purebred dairy
bulls of good breeding, boreby agree
to become members of the proposed
cooperativo bull association, provided
that, satisfactory constitution and by
laws can be drawn up ami adopted,
and that a block can be formed with
in reach of our farms."
At this community meeting a dele
gate or director should be elected to
attend Ibo county meeting at which a
constitution and by-laws are drawn up
and directors elected. This county
meeting is held after all the communi
ties interested have held their local
meottngs. The assessment for pur
chasing the bulls ls levied by the di
roctors equally on each block. frills
assessment may be apportioned to tho
members of the blocks in eithorof two
ways. If there ls a rather thick cow
population among th i members, tho
assessment may bc made on each cow
subscribed. If the members have only
n few cows each, tho assessment may
bo made on the "share" basis, each
member taking an equal amount of
stock. For example, suppose $300.00
bulls am to bo purchased. If there aro
ten members owning 30 cows In ona
block, the assessment on "per cow"
basis would bo $10.00 for each cow
subscribed. On tho "share" hasis. it
would take $30.00 worth of stock for
each member in that block.
By using these high class bulls imo
after another the farmers can rapidly
develop fine milk cows. The calves
from the firs! bull used will carry f>0
pw cent Improved blood. When they
in turn aro bred to tho next bull, their
calves will carry 7E> per cent improved
blood. The next cross carries 87 por
cent and tho next cross il 6 per cent
Some Advantages of Bull Associations.
1. Retter and fewer bulls nt less
2. Opportunity for Uno breeding by
purchasing bulls suitably bred to
breed to one another's daughters.
3. The exchange of bulls every two
years, by means of which continued
uso of the bulls can he had until their
value as breeders is proved.
4. The Introduction of purebred
K. The establishment of one brood
in a county.
Subscribe for Tho Courter. (Best.?
BOLL WEEVIL CONTROL IN
Clemson College, May 9.-The cot
ton boll weovil requires a long time to
come from its winter quarters in the
spring and early summer. These pests
begin to emerge usually during the
latter part of March and while nearly
all of them will bo out by tho first
week in Juno, yet there are stragglers
that will not come out until the first
week in July. They food upon the
tender leaves and the tips of the buds
until the squares begin to form.
Whehover weevils aro present in no
ticeable numbers on the young cot
ton, it will pay to go over tho field
carefully once or twice and collect
those overwintered weevils from the
buds, says Prof. A. F. Conrad, entomo
logist. This can be dono most econom
ically and effectively just before the
time with tho utmost care, the ma
jority of tho weevils may be gathered
before any eggs have been laid. The
weevils may be killed by crushing
thom when caught or by putting them
in a vessel containing water with a
film of kerosene over it. The collec
tion of weevils before the squares are
formed, it ls estimated, will not pay
where upon thorough search less than
50 weevils por acre are found. To
catch weevils [rom the plants, the fol
lowing method, is generally used: One
hand is held horizontally under tho
tip of tho plant so that when this tip
ls bent over with tho other hand it
may he readily taught. This method
is based on tho tnct that the weevil
'.plays possum" and will drop to tho
ground like dead wh?m disturbed. Tho
operator will soon learn this. A great,
many weevils will est ape by dropping
to the ground so quickly that they aro
not even noticed by thc; collector.
Whore an attempt at square pick
ing is contemplated, the following
should receive careful consideration.
First, collecting should be begun
about ten days after Mle first bloom is
seen In the field. Second, unless tho
work is done thoroughly it is not pro
fitable, and this means not only that
squares must be picked from tho
ground, but also those that have dried
on the plants, as well as those that
show by their unnatural pale or yel
low color, or by flaring, that they are
injured so that those squares hang
ing on the plants may not give the we
evil sufficient time to come out be
fore the noxt collection. This moans
that collection should be made about
every fifth day. Fourth, the collec
tion of squares should be continued
nr at least six weeks. Fifth, the col
lection of squares is generally advised
during tho first few weeks of *he
su aa re forming period where w? \ is
have llv"d through the winter in largo
numbers. Sixth, it. oiusl not be tor?
go fl >u thai under boll weovil condi
tions much d?pende upon cultivation.
The chief objoct is to urge the growth
and fruiting of the plants as rapidly
as possible. Seventh, it is estimated
that lt will not pay to pick weevils or
squares unless low priced labor is
available. Frequently this can be
secured by the employment of women
and children who have an Interest in
Those who are planning to use tho
calcium arsenate poisoning method
for controlling the boll weevil aro di
rected to Circular 162, U. S, Depart
ment of Agriculture, Washington, D.
C., which gives explicit information
in the fewest words possible.
To Control Chicken Lice.
_ Sodium Fluorid Most Satisfactory. _
Clemson College, May.-Poultry lice
do not suck blood. They feed on por
tions of tho feathers or on the scales
of the skin. The greatest loss from
lice is possibly that of young chickens
which may become infested from the
mother hen, even before they become
dry after leaving tho egg shell.
Though there are several kinds ol
poultry lice, they can all be controlled
by tho same method.
Sodium fluorid appears to he the
most satisfactory chemical to uso for
the control of all kinds of poultry lice.
The treatment must be thorough, and
every fowl in the poultry yard must
bo treated, because if one infested
chicken escapes, lt may then be but
a sort time until the entire flock is
again infested. The commercial form
of sodium fluorid may bo obtained at
most drug stores. Small amounts or
"pinches" of this chemical should bo
placed on different parts of the body
of the chicken as follows: Place tho
fowl on a table in an open vessel, hold
the legs and wings in one hand, and
with the other hand placo a small
pinch of the chemical next to the skin
among the feathers on the head, neck
each thigh, underside of spread wings,
and distribute by pushing the Angora
among the feathers. One pound will
treat about 100 hens. For yoting chicks
tho head, back and body are the only
parts that are necessary to treat.
Wash the hands thoroughly after
using chemical. It will not Injure the j
hands, but it is frequently irritable to
sores. Tt should of course nover bo ?
The reading farmer ls the leading
farmor. Do you take a good farm pa- ;
por and do you get the bulletins from
your agricultural college?
Increase the farm income by grow- J
lng limber on poor soils, stoop j
slopes, rocky lands, and unused cor
Seaweed ls tho source of paraffin.
GREENWOOD TO FURNISH NOISE I
For tho Shrine Ceremonial to be Held
in Greenville May 20th.
For some time there has been
heard in Greenville a rumbling
sound, something akin to that of dis
tant thunder, except that lt was
more regular, lt has caused much
moro speculation and created far
more interest than did the, receut
eclipse of the moon. Invariably this
sound has emanated from a south
easterly direction, and various pre
dictions have gone the rounds con
cerning its origin. Some have even
thought it an approaching thunder
storm, even when clear skies belied
their theory. Some have predicted
that it must be a cyclone or tornado
sweeping over tho country south of
Greepvillo, while others have declar
ed it could only be tho rumble of old
North Carolina's "volcano" that they
had been reading about. All were
wrong. How vain is man, and how
tragic the fallacy of his feeble mind!
lt has boon found that the "rumble'1
originated In Greenwood, and that
it was nothing more nor less than
Hejaz Shrine Drum Corps practicing j
for tho Spring Ceremonial to be held I
In Greenville on Thursday, May '2 ti. !
Yes, Hejaz Temple has "one of
them things," too, although very few
of the Temple's membership know it. '
However, those present on May jr,th
will ?lave an opportunity lo gel nc
qu tinted with and know this notori
ous hunch. They won't bo hard lo
find Just hunt up the noise! The
Temple's chief Itabhan, Noble n. A. i
G. Ouzts, of Greenwood' says: "This I
Hejaz Drum Corps is the noisiest and j
wildest hunch I've ever seen or j
heard, hut wc should worry. They j
are always in a position to beat it"-?
and he ought to know.
Heave it to Greenwood.
Hound that Greenwood would be
the town to furnish so important a
part in the Temple's organization as ;
the "noise." But even "noise" that I
is of Greenwood's production is ill-1
ways well ordered and meaning, the j
kind that "sets the pace," as will bo j
demonstrated to Greenville and her i
visitors during the Shrine Ceremo
The drum corps is hard at work j
"beating and blowing" itself into flt j
shape, as any good Greenwood citi
zen will testify. Noble C. B. Barks-)
dale ls president and Noble Hoy C. j
Simpson is secretary, and the won- j
drous showing which this branch of j
tho Templo will mn'l at tho Ceremo
nial will Uti largely tho result ol their
Tho Drum .Major.
In addition to tho above mentioned ?
o ill cors they have Hie regular drum |
major In Wm. A. Huey. Now, "Bill" I
is good-they admit it, too. He open- )
ly boasts himself that ho can wrap |
his baton a.ound tho llag-pole on j
Greenville's 17-story Woodside build- j
ing and then catch it on his finger .
lip! If you don't believe he does all
that hard stuff just watch him In I
that big Shrinor's parado.
At a recent rehearsal of the drum
corps the secretary said to the presi
"Say, Bruce, I'm just crazy about
cod-fish halls. Do you think they are ?
all right?" I
"Can't say," answered Bruce. "1
have never attended one."
Too Good to Keep.
An amusing incident In which the
secretary of tho drum corps, Noblo
Hoy Simpson, recently figured, bas
Just come to light. A short time ago
he was in Greenville, from which
place he expected to go to Atlanta
on a night train. Ile went to tho
Southern depot to see about Pullman
reservations and found Noble W. II.
Shannon on duty. "Hi, Noble," said
Hoy, "let me have sleeping car ac
commodation on tho train to At
"For a singlo passenger?"
"No." Hoy replied. "I'm married,
but I'm not taking anybody with me.
A single shelf will answer."
"lipper or lower?" asked .Noble
Shannon. "You understand, of course,
that the lower is higher than the
upper. The higher price is for tho
lower berth, If you want il lower
you'll have io go higher. Wo soil Ibo
upper lower than the lower. In other
words, tho higher the lower."
"Then why do they all prefer tho
lower?" Nobie Simpson Inquired.
"On account of its inconvenience."
Shannon replied, "Most persons do
not like the upper, although it is
lower, on account of Its being higher
and because when you occupy an up
per you have to got up lo go to bed,
and then got down to got up. I'd ad
vise you to take the lower, although
it is higher than thc upper, for the
reason 1 have stated, that the upper
ls lower than tho lower because lt
ls higher. You can have the lower
if you pay higher, but if you oro will
ing to go higher lt will be lower."
"Too doo'-* for me," said Boy. "I'll
ride tho smoker."
Hejaz Shrine Drum Corps.
President, C. B. Barksdalo; secre
tary, Boy C. Simpson; drum major,
Wm. A. Huey.
Drummers-C. B. Barksdalo, E.C.
-Thc Fordson 5
FEWER HORSES O]
-Thc Fordson c
LESS FARM HELP.
-One man with
pense than two tr
MORE MONEY FOF
-A farmer with
pense. He there!
MOTH KU CONFINED DAUGIITEH
In Cell for Sixteen Years-Discov
ered by Olllrer Humano Society.
?Glens Falls, N. v., May 4-Impris
oned for sixteen years by lier mother,
during which time she has never
seen the sunlight or looked upon an-i
other human being besides her mo
tin* and a sister, has 'been the lol of
Jessie Hall. 31 years of age, discov
ered recently by Wm. Hennessy, a
humane society superintendent. The
Halls live in a remote section of Sar
atoga county In a small house.
Mrs. Hall constructed In a corner
of a room a cell, In which she con
fined her daughter. Wire netting was
stretched from floor to ceiling, and
the windows were barred with slabs
of w(cfd, allowing only thin i i> i of
Ughl to enter. '\ room opening oft
the lt N "us similarly shut <>?? Tile
p(ac< .?as da. '.?? ?"id dismel, tho hu
man} officer said.
'He has begun proceedings to havd?
the mentality of tho entire family,
including Hie mother and her two
daughters, examined. The other
daughter is 44 years of age.
Tho daughter, .lessie, spent four
years in the Utica Hospital for tho
Insane. Upon her release her mother
made a prisoner of her. Ohly ono
person in the vicinity recalls ever
seeing tho woman, who trembled
with fright upon seeing Hennessy
enter the room.
Hennessy found her wearing a
child's bonnet and flimsy clothing.
She showed lack of nourishment and
was pallid and wan from her long
confinement. lier . n\ >r said her
demented daughter spent most of her
Hmo "playing house," like a child.
For Three Generations
Hnvo Made Child-Birth
Easier By Using -~
WRiierCrB BOOKLET ON MOTHERHOOD AHDTHC DADY.mM
BHAoriiLD REOULATOR CO., DEPT. 9 0. ATLANTA. CA.
Wood engraving ls supposed lo
lia ve started in Europe nt tho close
Of the 14th century. Tho oldest dated
wood-cut is a picture of St. Christo
pher, dated 142?1. Some authorities
bold that tho invention of playing
cards led to tho invention of wood
engraving, but this is not known as
an established fact.
Blackwell, j. j\ phillips, R. C. Simp
Base Drums-J. R. Ashmore. M.
Drums-s. C. Baker, J. H. Guthrie,
H. H. Higgins, Frank Hodges. (!. T.
Lomax. L. M. Milling, H. C. Sunders,
IO. K. Snead, Herbert Snead.
Buglers-A. E. Adams, .1. C. Cal
houn. 8. M. Corloy, George Davis,
M. ll. Harris, w. B. Loaman, s. L.
Major. Morris Hosenbnum.
Colds Causo Grip and Influenza
LAXATIVE BROMO QUININE Tablets remove the
cause. There ls only ono "Bromo QU?D?DO." E.W.
GROVE'S slgnaturo on the box. 30c.
$625 f. o. b. Detroit
ON THE FARM
?aves from thirty to fifty per cent
M THE FARM
loes the work of from four to six V
a Fordson can do more work c
len with horses.
* THE FARMER
a Fordson can raise more crops
fore makes more profit.
S. C. WEST>
FEEDING FARM FLOCK
RIGHT KIND OF FOOD
Important If Hens Are to Give
Aim Should Be to Use Qralns That Ar? I
Grown on Farm-Mistake Not to
Supply Animal Food of Some
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Feeding the farm flock the right kind
of food ls Important If lt ls to be a
paying proposition. If hens do not get
j HU Alelen t or proper feed they can not
be expected to give satisfactory and
? profitable result? A complicated ra
tton is nol necessary, The aim in
feeding Ute liena should be to 11 fl
far ?is possible, tho g?alufl r'im are
! grown on th? ft rm or thal arr ii vail* 1
niue in the Immediate neighborhood.
One of the most successful methods of
feeding is to give a light feed of grain
or a mixture of grains In the morning
and 11 feed of the same material at
night, the night feed consisting of
about as much as the hens will clean
In addition a dry mash should he
provided where the bens can have ac
cess to lt continuously. When con
siderable quantities of waste food are
availal le for the bens to pick up from
the fields, the amount of grain fed
may be cut down. Oftentimes Judg
ment In this respect ls faulty, and but
for the dry mash there would be
danger that tho hens would not re
ceive enough feed. With the dry mash
at their disposal they are able to make
up any deficiency of feed due to faulty
Judgment as to the quantity they get
In the fields.
One of thc most common mistakes
made In feeding farm poultry ls fail
ure to provide animal food In some
form. Of course during the spring
and summer, when quantities of In
sects are available, they may supply
the hens' wants In this regard, but
during those parts of the year when
Insects aro not available, or aro
scarce, it becomes necessary to pro
vide animal food. Milk, usually fed
either ns skim milk or buttermilk, pro
vides an excellent source of animal
food, but when milk ls not available
the bens should have beef scrap or
mont scrap. While this product Is
high In price, lt ls economical, and
should be Included in the lieus' ration
because of the increased production
that will result.
Puring the winter lt Is necessary to
provide some form of green or succu
lent feed, such as mangels, cabbage,
clover, alfalfa or sprouted oats.
SHELTER SAVES IMPLEMENTS
Farmer Would Be Surprised to 8ee
How Much Trouble Could Be
Avoided by Keeping Off Rain.
"Sheltor will double the Ufo of farm
machinery," says O. R. Zensman of the
agricultural engineering department of
the University of Wisconsin. "If
farmers would only keep the rain and
nisi away from their Implements, they
would bo surprised to see bow much
ttouble would he saved.
"Bust can cause many troubles. For
example, an adjustment mny become
so badly rust od that lt cannot he
used. It Is often damaged or broken
To Curo a Cold in Ono Doy
Take LAXATIVE BROMO QUININE (Tablets.) It
.topi the Cough ?nd Hradacho and works off the
Cold. E. W. GROVE S signature on each DOA. 30C.
There aro twenty-one major gene
rals in the United States army.
of thc farmer's time,
aster and with less ex
casicr and with less ex
1INSTER, S. C.
II.HtDlNO UltCES ECONOMY.
Warns Meads of Depart ments (o Wait
Washington, May -l.-Confronting
deficiency estimates of upwards of a
hair billion dollars, President Hard
ing informed Ibo Executive Depart
ments of tho government to-day that
they must put an end to tho habit of
living beyond their allowances and
then calling on Congress lo make up
In a lotter to oacli of his secre
tarios, and in an extended discussion
at Hie cabinet mooting the President
laid it down as a policy of his ad
ministration that oniy grave emer
gencies should warrant the OM ondi
ture of public funds prior to tlioir
appropriation by Congress, He em
phasized lu. belief that the long
standing practico of making udah ex
penditures without Congressional au
thority wa. Oh? Ol tho nibsi "danger,
ons tendencies" of administrativo
government and ono of I ito greatest
barriers to economy.
During the discussion of the sub
ject at the cabinet meeting there waa
some discussion of creating a per
manent commission to pass jndgmont.
on emergency expenditures which
department hoads might recommend
when Congress is in recess or cnn ont
bo acted upon immediately for other
ronsons. Tho suggestion did not load
to a debilito decision, but so far as
it took form it provided that tho
chairman of the Senate and llou.sn
Appropriation Committees and tho
director of the proposed budget sys
tem should hold membership on such
Mr. Harding sent his warning to
department heads at tho recommen
dation of Chairman Warren, of tho
Senate Appropriation Committee,
who pointed out that deficiency esti
mates already before tho present.
Congress amounted to $21 fi,OOO,OOO
and that others yet to bo submitted
would probably bring the total above
$ 100.000,000. Most of ?hose suma
were said by cabinet, officials to havo
been expended by the last adminis
tration or on projects inaugurated,
Renew your health
by purifying your
Quick and delightful re
lief for biliousness, cold?,
and stomach, liver and
The genuine are sold
only in 35 packages.
Miss Ella Pratt, aged 22, of Walla
Walla, Wash., has boon ordained a
minister by Hie Davenport District
of tho Upper Iowa Methodist Episco
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