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WFDM'SDAY, .\c<;. to, mat.
j The Story of
I Our States
By JONATHAN BRACE
o v y of .
A I a h a ma is ?
credited to He ?
Solo In iain. I
The IOngllF.1] f
claim to this j
j territory and included it In tho I
i graul to North Carolina. But j
t il was the Crouch who tirst set- .
? lied here erecting In 170'J Cort j
* St. Louis on Mobile Hay and .
. founding the town of Mobile nine t
i years later. Mobile was for i
i many years the capital of Loulsi- j
j una. France in 17051 ceded the f
. territory east of the Mississippi j
j to Cngland and the northern part j
t of the present State of Alabama !
\ was joined to tho Illinois terri- j
* tory. The southern portion was .
". known as West Clorida. Serious j
! conflict with the Indians was \ '?
. kepi vip for many years. In fact, J 1
T even as lute as 1812, there was ? I
. un uprising of the Creeks which j
Iresulted in terrible atrocities and f
During tho R?volution West |
? Florida remained loyal to ling- *
lund, but was seized hy Spain .
!only to be turned over to the . i
United Stutes In 181?. This Mo- j
bile section WAH then added to i
. the northern district and the t
t Slate of Alabama was formed .
4 mid became tho twenty-second I
j Mate of the Union iii 1811?.
1 The meaning of the name Als- '
I bama is variously Interpreted. ?
j It was the name of au Indian j
! tribe which Inhabited this ter- j
J rltory nt the time of De Soto's j
tlrst visit. After this tribe the j
river was named and the State f
was called Alabama after t;-e j
rt fer. The Jmlinn word was sup- j
peged to mean "Here wc rest," !
and these words ure used on the t
state's coat of uriii.s, but this In- j
terpretatlon ls doubtful und its j
J real meaning ls uncertain. Alu- .
? bama is sometimes called the j
j Plantation State. Its ?rea is ?l,- j
i POS square miles. j
(?br Mot'lur? Ne\T?|iui?pr Syndicat?.? $
l'A BM FR KIT F. FXDORSKS SIAM)
Taken by Mr. McDonald - Farmer*
Should Stand for Rights.
Fal i I or Keowee Courier:
In reply lo Mr. McDonald's article
in your issue Of Aug. ?RI, I wain lo
say this: 1 was glad ttl read his ar
ticle, and l would stn ely Uko lo shake
Mr. McDonald looks al this qaes
on as i: should be looked upon.
This Southland of ours would bo bel
ter il* every fanner in ii were to see
things as he does and liol only see.
The farmer is Ibo backbone of Ibo
world; therefore they (tho farmers)
should stand up for the rights of
their wives and children. Why Iel
..our wife kill herself by so much
drudgery because of Hie little neces
sary Illings you cannot afford your
comrade? Mr. Carmor, why not do
as the city dudes and cotton gam
blers tell Ibo Legislature io pass a
law to prohibit country children
working inore i han eight hours per
day? if ?hal wei? a law, children
would ha v.. a few hours for daily
study. Tho farmers' children stay at
home and work 'while the city chil
dren go lo school. Then, when the
lest comes, where are the fanners'
children? What standing have they
in the business and educational cen
Yes, the fanners can feed and
Clothe the city people, and then be
pushed back, while the City loafer
triumphs over the farmer because he
is a dirty, uneducated working man.
The schools for thc illiterate will
aways have to be kept up If the ris
ing generation is not given a better
opportunity tor an oducation than
they have been given In the pa?fc I
hoard a fanner say the other day
that when he was a little boy he
couldn't go tb school more than half
his time befranse he was afraid that
when he had worn out the clothes he
had be would ?tot be able to get
more. Half his school days were
spent in cutting and hauling cord
wood and cross-ties to help support
the family. This farmer dow has a
family. Can he educate his children
with any more ease than his parents
in their efforts to give him the little
education he has? No.
Tho colton gamblers have caused
the farmers to suffer moro llnaneially
than tho war. Many hard-working
farmers do not know the news in the
surrounding communities because of
the fact thill they canot afford to sub
scribe for any of tho papers of their
county. Why'.' The cotton buyers
knew the reason.
Farmers and farmerettes, don't be
afraid to express yourselves, I am a
farmerette, and bave expressed my
mind. Yours truly,
(Miss) (lessie Powell.
Westminster, s. C., Itt. I.
DODSON'S MYKIt TOM:
KILLS CAIJO.MKL SALK.
Oon'l sicken or salivate yourself
or paralyze your sensitive liver by
taking calomel, which is quicksilver.
Your dealer sells each bottle of pleas
ant, harmless "Dodson's Liver Tone"
under an Ironclad, money-back guar
antee that it regulates the liver,
stomach ?ind bowels helter than cal
omel, without making you sick-1
million bottles sold - adv.
COL. Jt)ll\ MARTIN HAS PASSF.I)
To MN Kc wa rd-lU'lievod to Itv La-d
Survivor Confederate Congress,
Oeala, Fla., Aug. 10. Col. .lohn
Marshal Martin, believed to be the
last surviving member of Hie Con
gress of the Confed?ralo states of
America, died at his home here early
to-nighl after an illness of several
mon t hs.
Col. Martin had been con ll lied to
his bed since ho sustained a fall sev
eral months ago while assisting a
servant in lifMng a heavy object. He
was horn in Hampton county. South
Carolina, in 1832, in what was then
known as Beaufort district. He was
graduated from the Citadel at Char
leston and came to Florida in 18">r>.
At the outbreak of the Civil Wat
he organized and commanded the
Marlon Light Artillery in this coun
try and served in the '.Western"
army. Ile was wounded in the hattie
of Richmond, Ky., late in lSi?2, and
returned to his home here. Ile was
admitted to the Confederate Con
gress on March 2",, 1863, to repre
sent ibo Eastern district of Florida.
l'pou conclusion of his term he was
urged to seek re-election, but his
wound having healed he re-entered
the military service with the rank of
colonel, and was placed in command
of the Ninth Florida Infantry. With
this command he saw service in the
second battle of Cold Harbor, the
battle of The Crater, and much of
the other sanguinary fighting around
Richmond and Petersburg during the
declining days of the Confederacy.
Following Leo's surrender at Ap
pomattox he returned to his home,
and his plantation near here was
typical of the "Old South." H$
moved into Oca la in 1881, and dur
ing President Cleveland's adminis
tration served as lo'-ul postmaster,
his only post-war public office.
Col. Martin was married twice,
his second wife. Mrs. Sallie Waldo
Martin, surviving him. Ile is also
survived hy two sons, three daugh
ters .lohn M. Martin. Jr., and Rd
inund \Y. Martin, of Atlanta, Ca.:
Waldo W. Martin, of Oeala: Mrs.
Howard C. Monroe, of Hiltmore. N.
C., and Mrs. Albert ll. Birdseye, of
Savannah. Ca. He was the grand
father of Mayor .lohn W. Martin, of
Grove's Tasteless chill Tonic restores
Energy and Vitality by Purifying and
Enriching the Blood. When you feel its
strengthening, invigorating effect, see how
it brings color to tho cheeks and how
it improves the appetite, you will then
appreciate its true tonic, value,
drove's Tasteless chill Tonie is simply
Iron and Quinine suspended in syrup. So
pleasant even children like it. The blood
needs QUININE to Purify it and IRON to
Enrich it. Destroys Malarial germs and
Crip germs by its Strengthening, In vigor*
Illing Effect. (>0c.
To (iraduate front llihlc Institute.
K. Archer hillard, formerly a
member of the Presbyterian church
of Westminster, is one of a class of
eighty who graduated from the
Moody Bible Institute Of Chicago on
August I 1 th, He will spend his va
cation In pastoral and evangelistic
work, after which he will continue
his studies at the University of South
Carolina. Ho ls preparing for mis
sionary work in South America.
MOMA UK S 11V lt. T. JAY X KS OX
CATION OF HICKl/AXl) I
(Dy request the substance of the
remarks Intended to bo made are
committed to writing, as tho speaker
was interrupted by sudden storm.) ?
Lord of tho worlds above.
How pleasant and how fair
The dwellings of Thy love.
Thine earthly temples, aro!
To Thine abode
.My heart aspires,
With warm desires
To seo my (Sod.
The interesting and impressive ex
ercises of this day, inciden: to the
rededication of this historic church,
bring vividly to mind these lines of
the poof, Cowper. In which ho paints
for us such a true and beautiful pic
ture of the House of Cod. Let us
learn anew the lesson they teach,
and lind here within thee walls,
though built by the hand of man. tho
sacred precincts that constitute tho
sweet trysting place of the *:<'Ul and
Truth. Religion is life-Hie life of
God in the soul of man, the response
of man's spirit lo tile attractions of
the Divine SpirJt. Rut thc religious
lifo must find expression; il must
have a place (it for growth and hab
itation a pli.ee of meeting and com
muning with tho Author nf all life
and bein?. Hence these ear;hiv tem
ples, so prennent and so fair, aro
given to the children of men as the
lit and peculiar place for divine wor
ship; for tho supreme exercise
and experience of the human
spirit in contact, with the Di
vino Spirit; for tho vital con
nection of human love with divine
love. This it isth at gives them their
permanence and security. ' I pon this
rock," declared Christ to Peter, "I
will build my Church; and the gates
of hell shall not prevail against it."
To these earthly temples come at
stated intervals the great body of
believers, who constitute the Church
of Christ on earth, of different names
and orders, but one in faith. "For as
the body is one, and hathjinany mem
bers, and all the memlers of that
one body, being many, kW one body:
so also ls Christ." Of this spiritual
edillce lt is that John, the apostle,
speaks in Revelation, when in a vis
ion he saw the church "prepared as
a bride adorned for her husband,"
and to whom ono of the seven angels
declared: "I will show theo the
bride, the Lit nib's wife." What a
beautiful figure of speech! How
sweet and fragrant its meaning! How
it touches the tenderest chords in
human life and destiny, and links
them with things spirtual and eter
For three generations or more this
church has been to this community
a center of light, life and love, ever
shedding its gentle radiance into
many Christian homes. In very
truth it can be said with becoming
modesty that the Richland commu
nity has ever been noted for Ita
Christian homes, in which dwell
solid piety and the homely virtues.
How memory recalls the familiar
forms and faces of the fathers and
mothers, the heads of the homes of
forty and fifty years ago! True and
faithful were they in their day and
generation. Hard were the lines on
which their lot was cast. It was in
deed the day of small things. The
biigiiting scourge of four years of
civil warf, re had ravaged our fair
Southland until all wealth was ex
hausted, and tho surviving veteran
returned to his home amid wreck and
ruin. Oh! how thc heroes and hero
ines of the sixties and tho seventies
rise before our oyes to-day in their
sublime grandeur, and challenge our
love, homage and admiration ! How
? the labor of I heir hands bulldod
?mew the humble home; bow their
self-denial and self-sacrifice niado
possible first their meagre support of
tho church of their choice, and then
enabled them lo open the school
house door, made possible only by
a subscription Ms) al so much per
pupil. Nothing short of an abiding
faith in tho Supreme Author of all
Good could have .sustained and
soothed them in iholr labor of love.
There remain, and are present
here with us today, three survivors
of that heroic past Dendy, Ellison
and Armstrong. Venerable men! You
stand as the connecting link between
the age of our fathers and ours.
Alike with your comrades, most of
whom have answered ibo last bugle
call, you have fought well tho bat
tles of lifo, whether of war or of
peace, and the greatest of them all
are for the peace and unity and
glory of your reunited country. This
occasion ls highly favored by your
TION OF RICH
THE OCCASION OF THU llKDHDl
;CST 7th, ll>:il
presence, and we are helped hy your
example ot" duty well done.
In affectionate regard stand both
tho Richland Presbyterian church
and the Rock Springs Methodist
church. Betweon the membership of
these two organizations there has
ever existed the highest type of
Christian fellowship. They have both
made their rich contribution to the
life of this community. Yea, more!
At times tho ranks of the ono have
been Invaded by the other, and we
recall especially one muong the many
instances of the grafting of Method
Ism on good old Presbyterian stock,
or vice versa - for love laughs ut
locksmiths as well as denominational j
lines. And lt must be confessed thai
the church militant luis not suffered
in the process of grafting, for yon
have just heard from one of the
scions of the special process in mind
an able discourse on the "Christian
Momo." Truly, the followers of Cal
vin and Wesley, when thus united,
constitute a mighty army to do bal-!
? tie for the Lord, and for the spread
; of Scriptural holiness and righteous-j
i ness throughout the land,
i Rich is the heritage bequeathed to :
this community by the men and the
j women who have gone on before.
; They being dead yet speak; their In
? lluence abides, and .is potent for ?
; good. Ours is the task to preserve
j and perpetuate this heritage without'
j spot or blemish or any such thing. 1
j While Uley have faded out of sight. 1
j their precept and example remain
j with us. for admonition and corree-!
! lion. . !
i " 'Tis sweet, as year hy year we lose
i Friends out of sight, in faith to
How ni'ows in Paradise our store." j
lu yonder cemetery they sleep
! old age. serene and bright, and lojve-,
ly as a Lapland night, having led j
j them to their grave. We would do j
I well to commune with them while
we linger here, and learn again the
! lesson of their lives. "Tis faith-the |
I faith born of religion-that builds'
j a bridge across the Gulf of Death
; and lands thought smoothly on the
further shore. As we think on those .
j things we recall the lines by WU-j
j liam Cullen Bryant, the great relig- ;
I ious poet of America, on "The Fu
' ture Life." and apply them to our
j departed friends and loved ones:
"Yet though thou wear'st the glory
of th? sky,
Wilt thou not keep the same be
loved name, I
; The same fair, thoughtful brow and 1
Lovelier in Heaven's sweet eli-j
mate, yet the same?
! "Shall thou not teach me, in that
I The wisdom that 1 learned so ill
The wisdom which ls love-till I be
Thy fit companion in that land of
In conclusion I wish to express my
. high appreciation of the honor and j
j tho privilege of having part in the j
, exercises of this day. lt is truly a
home-coming for me, and words are j
halting and language lame in giving
expression to the feelings of the
heart on this occasion. Dear old
Richland, the home of our childhood,
wo cherish thee!
Wo aro proud of tho confidence
doctors, druggists and tho public
have in OOO Chill and Fever Tonic.
Shot Wife to Keep Her Homo.
Greenwood. AUK. 1 I.- To keep his j
wife from leaving home sq, frequent- j
ly, according to his own admission.
Coleman Patterson, a negro, shot his
wife Monday night with a shotgun
at. Tranquil church, a colored church
just over the line In McCormick
county. Ho was arrested yesterday
by Rural Policeman ll. L. Lyon at
Bradley and brought to tho Green
wood ' county jail. O ill cor Lyon ar
rested Patterson only on suspicion,
and later found that he had shot his
One of tho woman's arms was shot
off and she is not expected lo live.
Patterson admitted that ho shot his
wife because, he said, "she kept go
ing off from home."
K\ pms ion Kills Hundred.
Hiroshima, Japan. Aug. 9.-One
hundred persons were killed or In
jured here to-day when the govern
ment powder magazine exploded. Tho
origin of the accident ls not known.
Subscribo for Tho Courlor. (Best)
f Colds Sc i
?? "For years we have used
ll and 1 have never found any
B place," writes Mr. H. A. Stacy,
g cy, who is a Rutherford Couti
mm Draught as a medicine that sb
?J hold tor use in the prompt trea
g vent them from developing inte
0 "It touches the liver ant
iga declared. "It is one of the b
J5 cold and headache. 1 don't k
Jg family if it wasn't for Black-Di
D dollars ... I don't see how a
B out it I know it is a reliable i
H in the house. I recommend
m never without it."
At all druggists.
1 Accept No
miosio WIOHI: "SO.MK TATKH?."
Dillon Furniers Comparo Notos as to j
Merits oj' Their Products.
( Dillon Herald.) r
The crowd was in front of the Car
michael-Mooily furniture store, and
they were talking about tho reports
that had gone abroad that pellagra
was ou the increase in tho South on
account of the lack of proper foods.
Tho general opinion was Unit if tho
South could not raise its own food it
ought to starve.
"Why, everything in the food line
can he made right here at home in
the greatest abundance," said Dr. J,
ll. Hamer. "We can produce right
here in Dillon county almost every
variety of food the human family
uses. We can make the largest po
tatoes, thc best cabbage and the finest
hogs in the State. Which reminds
me of a conversation I heard some
days ago between two Dillon county
men. They were bragging on the fer
moy of their lands.
" 'Why, man,' said one of the two,
'I made last year a watermelon so
large that it broke loose from tho
vine, rolled down a hill and killed
several of my neighbor's cows.'
" 'That was a pretty good melon,'
replied the other man, 'but lt does
not measure up to some potatoes
that I made last year. Ono of tho
potatoes grew under my neighbor's
fence and he claimed half of it. We
took the matter into the courts, and
the court decided that we must cut
that potato tn half and divide lt be
tween ourselves. Wo put men to
work with cross-cut saws, and it took
us three days to wind up the Joh. I
am not going to tell you how large
that potato was, but when we got
through with tho sawing operation
we weighed up the sawdust and it
totaled ninety tons.' "
For Th ra o Generation*
Have Made Child-Birth
Easier By Using -
WRITIFOK BOOKLET OH MOTHERHOOD AMOT'IC BABY, rill
BRADFIELD REOULATO? CO.. DEPT. 9 D ATLANTA. CA.
Commercial Value of a Mun.
An employee of a paper mills com
pany, tired of hearing men boast of
their importance, dug up the fact
that, according to scientific investi
gation, the ingredients of a man, plus
waler, are as follows:
Kat enough for seven bars of .soap.
Iron enough for a medium-sized
Sugar enough to fill a shaker.
Lime enough to whitewash a chick
?Phosphorus enough to make 2,200
Magnesium enough for a dose of
Potassium enough to explode a loy
Sulphur enough to rid a dog of ?ls
This whole collection is won h ;is
cents-ami this In a day when these
things aro three times as high as
they used to bo.
\flOfl euros Malaria, Chills and Fe
ver, Bilious Fever, Colds nod lal?
Grippe, or monoy refunded.-adv.
Philologists havo nover been able
to determine the origin of the Etrus
can people of Northern Italy.
Black-Draught in our family, JJ
medicine that could take its B
of Brady vii le, Tenn. Mr. Sta- B
ty farmer, recommends Black- g
ould be kept in every house- wm
tment of many little ills to pre- 2
> serious troubles. g
1 does the work," Mr. Stacy
est medicines I ever saw for a
now what we would do In our
raught. It has saved us many
ny family can hardly go v/ith
ind splendid medicine to keep
Black-Draught highly and am
Imitations , |
1,81 RS KS
I ES BS ES D Q 0 E BS D S3 S3 ?3 LS
SITJilVAN'S ISLAND I'OSTMASTKK
Shot by Unknown Assailant-Was in
Art ot' Opening Postolllce.
(Charleston News and Courier, 10th)
Henry L. Diefenbach, post master
at Muuitrtevllle, Sullivan's Island,
was wounded in the hoad yesterday
morning hy an unidentllled man
whom ilo' authorities expect to ar
rest. The postmaster bad gone lo
the olllce about T a. m. for the pur
pose of performing some routine
work, and was opening some blinds
when, two pistol shots were bred at
him. The man at once ran away.
Mr. Diefenbach called for assist
ance and was taken to the army
hospital for treatment, lt was stated
that his wound was not serious.
County Sheriff .Jos. M. Poulnot had
just arrived at his otlice from Sulli
van's Island when ne'ws of the affair
reached him. Accompanied by a ru
ral policeman the sheriff went to
Moultricville. and the two officers
found clues that are expoctod to re
sult in the arrest of Mr. Diefenbachs
lt is not clear what motive the
man had. It ls said that tho man en
tered the building through a door on
the beach aide, and lt Is thought that
Mr. Diefenbach surprised the Intru
No Worms In a Healthy Child
All children troubled with Worms have aa un
healthy color, which indicates poor blood, and as a
rule, there ls more or 1 e93 stomach disturbance.
GROVE'S TASTELESS CHILL TONIC ?Ivon regu
larly for two or three weeks will enrich the blood,
improve the digestion, and oct as a general Strength
ening Tonic to the whole system. Nature will then
throw off or dispel the worms, and the Child will be
tn perfect health. Pleasant to take. 60c per bottle.
To Preserve Ohl Stage Coach,
New York, Aug. ll.--A movement
to preserve the largest stage coach
in the country is now on foot, the
stage in question, fifty years ago, be
ing the pride of this section. The
giant coach, capable of accommodat
ing 120 persons, is decaying in
Hrooklyn. The cost of reconstruction
has been estimated at $5,000.
When trolley cars were only a
dream, Henry Hamilton, a prosper
ous livery man. was operating a
string of coaches in tho Williamsburg
section. Chowder parties then were
popular, and clubs complained that
they couldn't get a coach that was
big enough. So this vehicle was
lt was drawn by twenty horses, and
so long was the equipage that when
a ferry was reached elgteon of the
horses were unhitched and wailed
for the craft to make a second trip.
Bosldos the-driver there was a man
to operate tho brakes on hills. Inside
and oat it was <\ orated with oil
paintings, In IST?; tho coach was
exhibited : i the Centennial Exposi
The climate of 'he ..toe" of Italy,
a few miles inland, resembles that of
Keep Your Blood
Pure In Summer
Many feyer epidemics are
caused by impurities in tho
water supply and are ended only
when the water is purified. Like
wise, many blood disorders such as ec
zema, tetter, pimples, bolts, blackheads
and Rheumatism are caused by Impuri
ties tn th* blood supply and can ba
stopped only when these are driven out.
Enrich your blood and keep it pure by
t?UinS S. S. S. You could bave no bet
ter health Insurance.
For Special Booklet or tor indi'
vidual adv io?. Without charge.
write Chief Modical Advisor.
S.S.S. Co., Dep'i439, Atlanta, Qa.
, Oat S. S. S. at your druggiet.
The Standard! Mood Purifier