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KEOWEE COU HIER
(Published Every Wednesday Morning
One Year .?1.00
Six Months . JMJ
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By Stock, siiolor, Huglis & Sbelor.
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ebaractor charged for as advertise
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accompany manuscript, and all sucb
notice? will be marked "Adv." ID
conformity with Federal ruling on
WALHALLA, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, FER. 8, 1022.
The Story of j
By JONATHAN BRACE j
OK L A HO- j
MA holds j j
the record j
for rapid j j
growth. It li
was In the
first term of
4 Benjamin Harrison that Okla- j
' ] homu was opened up. Goud farm
' land available uuder the Home- j
"! stead Act was difficult to ?nd \
. so the United States bought from 1
. ! the Indians, who had been segre- j
J gated In Indian territory, a large ; j
? tract of some 40,000 square miles ?
" that had been used largely by \ ! 1
- the Indians as pasture for their j
cattle and horses. This was t I
. called Oklahoma, a word mean
ing "fine country," and was ar- ;
ranged to be ready for sole to
; homesteaders at 12 o'clock noon ,
. of April 22, 1889. Troops were
- placed on guard to prevent any j
'; settlers entering before that time
? for more than 100,000 "boomers" !
][ as they were called, came from ; !
- all over the country to obtain 1
i ! farms or places for business. On
ti the stroke of tho hour, bugles
' ? sounded and the mad rush by ! j
men, women and children to lo- < 1
? cate claims began. The govern- \ 1
ment had arranged lund officers
I at many places at which claims ?
- could be filed for the farms or
ii! city lots, and all that day these
j were besieged by fighting mobs
- . to register their selections. Be
fore nightfall hundreds of farms j
" were staked out and Oklahoma j
|? ? City and Guthrie were well on ?
their way to become cities.
Til UH was developed this re
glon which came Into the pos
2\ session of the United States as
? a part of the Louisiana Purchase
Iv! in 1803 and which was set aside !
. for BO many years as Indian
country. Previous to the forma
tion of Oklahoma territory, con
gress had forbidden white set
tlers in this part of the country,
. and this edict was enforced by
;j federal troops. As the demand !!
' for more land was felt and as the
?j ! indians decreased in numbers,
' Indian territory was added to
I ! Oklahoma territory, and In 1907
lt was admitted to the Union as
? the State of Oklahoma, adding
; another star to our flag, which
for eleven years had contained
.; forty-five. The state has flour
ished to such an extent that lt
has ten presidential electors,
which ls more than double that
! of many of the older states of
<?br MoClu?* Now?i>?p?r Syndioai*.)
-< (i.. m .*.<*. * . i '?"i??i?'?'?"t'<?i">?i"?..?<4*
.-~ 9 - ~"
KP1DEM?C OF FLU IN N. V. CITY.
Drastic Action Against Landlords
Furnishing Insufficient Heat.
'New York. Fob. 2.-.Seventy-five
policemen wore assigned yesterday
to special duty with the city health
department, enforcing house hosting
und sanitary rules laid down by City
'Dealtlt Commissioner Copeland in p.n
effort to check thc furlhor spread of
tho influenza ?pid?mie. Dr. Copeland
announced (hat he would take Imme
diate legal steps against house own
ers who failed to provide sufficient
Particularly drastic action would,
ho said, be taken against landlords
who provide Insufficient heat in ?he
houses where either influenza X)f
pneumonia patients are being cared
for. "Fortunately," he said, ' tho
?upi dom IO is very mild. All Indian
?ions of the prosont epidemic Indi
* i hat Hie disease this year is
l>r<. :[,/, tar loss fatal than it did in
.the 1018-1!) and I ii 20 epidemics."
To Cure a Cold In One Day
Take LAXATIVE BROMO QUININE (Tablet?.) u
?toMtheOMMh and Headache ?nd works off the
tfc-oJd. E. W. GROVE S BUjnaturo ou each box 30c.
TAX-PAYEW SUGGESTS A PLAN
Tor Cutting Taxe?-"County Should
be the Tax Unit. |
'Mr. Editor: It has about reached
tho point where
When a man has built a barn,
Go and tax him;
When he has cleared another farm,
Go and tax him!
When he lays another roof,
When he grows another hoof,
Hustle round and get the proof
Then go and tax him!
Has a man a pot of money?
Don't tax him!
Though it is eweet Uko honey,
Don't tax him!
Lot him reap what others sow
People are rather fools, you know
If they were not, they would go
AND TAX HIM!
In 1905 the assessed value of pro
perty in South Carolina was $220,
000,000. The revenue, at a rate of
5 Vi mills, was $1,550,000. Ten y?uis
later the assossed value was $310.
907,101. The levy was 7 mills. So
that in ten years the incroaso in tax
able values was loss than 5 per cent,
and the increase in expenditures was
100 per cent. In 1921 the assessed
taxation was $6,767,135 on a 12-mill
lovy. Tho assessed values wore $4 5 2,
?190,600, so that the mills Increase,
instead of growing less, continue to !
increase, thu? doubling the burden j
of taxation. Can this continue?
During this period there has boen
an increase of about 15 per cent in!
population. Now, all experts in tax- I
ation agree that when taxes increase .
faster than wealth and population, !
an unbearable burden is placed on
the people. Who is responsible? !
No State, county or town official
will admit that this condition is the
result of his administration, lt is
not. It is the system which piles up ,
the expense account, which the tax
payer is compelled to settle. We
have built up a spoils system from .
the little town to the Congressional '
pork barrel-a government by bu-?
reau instead of a democracy. The .
tax-payers of this State have been '
bullied and brow-beaten by a bunch I
of pretentious tin-horn politicians I
until they have got into the habit of |
standing in Une to have their pock-.
Useless boards and commissions
are created each year, because of the
growing horde of spoilsmen, seeking
a reward for services performed for j
the machine, and this demands a !
constant extension of the system. |
There has been little effort in this
State for a real business administra- j
lion. Taxes in South Carolina have
trebled In twenty years, yet who
dares say, in the maintenance of law
or emcloncy, that wo have been bet
This State and every other Stalo
in the nation is flooded with politi
cal leeches performing no essential
work, but bonding their energies to
keep up a machine which will per
petuate their Jobs-food inspectors,
oil inspectors, internal revenue
agents, special tax collectors, whis
key constables, charity inspectors,
pellagra experts, horse doctors, hog
doctors, bureau agents aud hundreds
of trustees-all moving up and down
tho land at heavy expense, everlast
ingly drawing salaries and piling up
expense accounts to the profit ot the
political machine and the impover
ishment of the ordinary citizen, who
"pays the freight."
IT venture the assortion that, leav
ing out the lately enfranchised wo
men, that one voter out of twenty
in the primary is on either State or
Federal pay-roll in somo capacity. |
Only voters ate useful-to the politi
cian, nnd this means the balance of
power ls hold by the machine.
Whore ls it to end?
'Any man knows that such a course I
would bankrupt any private business I
within six months, and this govern-j
mont, State and national, ls only
able to survive tho incroasing drain
al tho oxpense of the tax-payers.
Efficiency is the only basis for |
progross, and the economic struggle
demands it. |
Tho entire nation is in the dead
season of its fortunes. The roactlon
from the exertion and fears of the
war are at their height. Wo wore
moved beyond endurance, and never
in the world has the universal de
ment In the soul of man burned so
For who does not seo that we do
not end war when we put a stop to
actual conflict between nations? This
Is only a superficial view, Any wido
social and industrial struggle that
is attended in its natural courso with
groat suffering is war.
Tho essence of war is a noodless
competition bot woori states, corpora
tions and individuals that rosults in
^Widespread Buffering-and surely wc
aro in the midst of that.
Tho rapid concentration of pow
ers takon away from the ?States in
" v; ifs f .. >,.. : r^'V^f *-*'vii
Washington d? alarming, but this
will never bo romodled except
through aclion at home. Send good
go vor ninon t and economy to Wash
ington and lt will come back home
to bless. Send extravagance and it
ls returned ten-told to curse.
Tho Power to Tax is the Power
Lot us as a people guard this
right. We need
1st. to get the assessment o' all
property out of politics. So long as
the ofllcials assessing property are
aspiring politicians there will be
2d. A Govornor who will throw
the responsibility for excessive taxa
tion on the Legislature by a firm uso
of the veto power.
3. Do away with so many boards,
commissions, etc., by having one ad
ministrative board of control all
State institutions, thereby ceasing to
dupllcato State machinery.
4th. The "rocall" to apply to every
elective officer, from Governor to
coroner, so that wo can fire the mon
Our free institutions can only be
preserved by getting back to first
principles, and the matter of taxa
tion will olthor force reform or rev
olution will overtake our republic,
as it has those In the past. No sav
ing in more money will compensate
for lowering our standard of life,
hut popular governmont ls on trial
tho world over. Amendments to rho
Constitution can glvo four year
terms and biennial sessions of the
Legislature, saving election expenses
and other items, amounting to at
lon3t a fifth of our necessary ex
Tho greatest problom ls to equal
ize taxation, and the county should
be tho unit instead of, ns now, hav
ing a rivalry betwoon the counties in
the matter of low valuation. The
General Assembly should first deter
mine Ju?t what amount is necessary
to conduct tho State government,
and thin chould be apportioned
among the counties in proportion to
woalth end population. Then the
county commissioners in each coun
ty-elected by the people-should
assess the property In the county
and levy a tax to pay Its proportion
ate share of the State government,
and whatever they may determine
to spend for tho county In addition
The money would be kept in thc
county, and it would be to the inter
est of each citizen to see that all ol
the property In the coiihty waB re
turned for taxation, because. eVerj
dollar that escaped would make lu;
taxes higher. The burdon of taxa
tion would be more widely dlstrib
uted by ibringing the invisible prop
orty out of hiding.
Instead of so many trustees, om
board, consisting of the Govornai
and other State officers and five t(
be elected by the General Assembly
could look after every charitable ant
ponai institution In the State. W<
now virtually have three agrlcultu
ral departments. The Stato ware
house, Clemson College and tho reg
ular department of agricultur*
should bo combined under one head
so that when an Inspector went t<
a town ho could inspect warehouses
attend to pure food enforcement am
other kindred duties. If he is quail
fled for one he can be for all. Wh:
pay three men when one can do th
Tho Railroad Commission and in
surance department should be place
In chnrge of the Socretary of Stat:
and the Highway Commission in th
charge of the Comptroller Genera
because with this new mode of at
8essment he would have ample tim?
In the Judicial Department th
trial Justice at the county seat shoal
be given jurisdiction in civil case
where the amount involved does nc
exceed one thousand dollare and (
criminal cases where the punish
ment ls not over one year. This alon
would save many thousands of do
lars In court exponses and not do li
justice to litigants.
The Idoa that money for roads c
other Improvements costs tho couni
nothing when lt comos from Colun
bia or Washington ls false. In til
I long run we pay it, and f- r muc
j rod tapo and bureau expenses in ai
ditton. It if not charity, and is or
of the means of encouraging extra
nganco, graft and incompetency.
The Oulnina That Doo? Not Affect the He
Because of Its tonic and laxative effect, I, AX
TIVI? BROMO QUININIt iabettei than ordinfl
' Quinine and doe ' not cause nervoiisnea ti
rliiKiiiK in head. Remember the full un me a
j look for the signature of ?. W. OKOV?. 3
Victim of Snowball.
Han Francisco, Cal., Fol). 1.-F
what is said to bo the first time
. tho history of San Francisco hosp
I als, a man, A. L. 'McKinley, of L
! Angol?s, was troatod yoslerday ?
i injuries resulting from being sno
balled. McKinley carno to tho Cc
i tral Bmorgency Hospital suffori
from outs on his hands and ffi
I which were received, ho said, wh
j n snowball crqshod the wlndshb
of his automobile.
AI*I*OINTMBNTS TO ACADEMIES,
Congressman Dominick Presenta thc
Names of His Appointees.
Washington, Feb. 1.-Representa
tivo Fred 'H. Dominick, of South
Carolina, to-day appointed Benjamin
Francis Tompkins, of Newberry, a
Cltadol studont, and Jerome O. Dev
lin, Jr., of Verdery, as midshipmen
to the Naval Academy at Annapolis.
As alternates to Tompkins he named
Harold Simmons Tate, of Abbeville,
and Marzie B. Garrison, of Ander
son. James Henry Alexander, of Wal
halla, a student of Clemson, was
named as alternate to Devlin.
?Mr. Dominick also appointed ta
West Point Thomas G. Roche', of Ab
beville, a Clemson student. ?Robert
C. MoCully Maxwell, of Anderson,
was named aa his alternate.
AND IiOOSENS TEETH
Tho Very Next Dose of This Treach
erous Drug May Start Trouble.
You know what calomel is. It's
mercury; quicksilver. Calomel is
dangerous, lt crashes into sour bile
like dynamite, cramping and sicken
ing you. Calomel attacks the bones
and should novor be put into your
If you feel bilious, headachy, con
stipated and all knocked out, just go
to your druggist and get a bottle ot
Dodson's Liver Tone for a few cents,
which is a harmless substitute for
dangerous calomel. Take a spoonful,
and if it doesn't start your liver and
straighten you up better and quicker
than nasty calomel-and without
making you sick-you just go bach
and get your money.
Don't take calomel! It makes you
sick the next day; it loses you a
day's work. Dodson's Liver Tone
straightens you right up and you feel
great. No salts necessary. Gi\ lt tc
the children because lt is perfectly
harmless and cannot salivate.-adv,
TAX-PAYING TIMK EXTENDED
Till June int-Hill to that Effect ls
Passed, 72 to 80.
Columbia, .Feb. 1.-The 'House ol
Representatives today voted, 72 to
39, in favor of the Senate resolution
to postpone tax-paying time to June
1. The record vote came on motion
to kill the resolution, made by Rep
resentative Kl lor bo, who held that a
postponement in the matter of pay
ing taxes woud injure the schoole
and would leave them in worse con
dition than ever.
Distributing McGlothlin's Address.
.Greenville, Feb. 4.-The Baptist
Young People's Union of America
has chosen for distribution through
out the Unitod States and Canada an
address entitled "iBaptlst Young
People and World Fellowships," the
address delivered by President J. W,
McGlothlin, of Furman University,
at the national conference of the D,
Y.'P.U. in Des Moines, Towa, last
summer. A letter from national
headquarters of tho B.Y.P.U. states
that the pamphlet containing the
address is being called for by thou
sands -by organizations In many ol
the States of tho Union and In Can
Another Cure for "Fin."
Now York, Fob. 3.-Here is an
other cure for the "flu." Health
Commissioner Copeland says:
"Remain for half an hour In watei
as hot a3 you can stand lt. The wa
ter should be kopt running so thal
the heat can be maintained. While
in the tub drink about a quart ol
lemonade, so hot that you will hav(
to sip it slowly. 'Dry off well an<?
get to bed between blankets. Remair
thore for an hour. The perspiration
wril then have ceased. Get up an<
sponge off with cold water to C1OB<
the pores, and get back in bod, this
timo between shoots."
Counterfeiting Postage Stamps.
Now York, Fob. 2.-Counterfeit?
of tho two-cent postage stamp have
appeared for the first time since
1 895. Ono of the new counterfeit*
came into the hands of a local col
loctor to-day. It ls an ongraving
the first on record. Two spurious is
sues of 27 years ago were typo
To the Cc ual glanco tho new coun
terfeit seems familiar enough, bul
comparativo examination quickly ex
poses poor workmanship and roveaU
many points of varianco from thc
original. Washington's hoad ls a lit
tlc shonor, the noso has a hook, UK
eyos scorn to glanco furtively to tin
aldo Instead of straight ahead.
Tho paper of tho counterfeit ii
choapor and thlnnor and the perfora
Hons number 12 every two conti
metors instead of ll.
Cold? Cause drip and Influenza
LAXATIVE PROMO QUININE Tablets remove th
cause. There ls only one "Bromo Quinine" E. TA
GROVE'S signature on tho box. 30c.
Graduates of 103 American col
logos and universities aro now study
lng in Fronch universities-524 li
The Keowee Oourie
Either paper well \
Price of Both. C
?I* *I* *t* *I" *!?* "I* "I* "I* 'I* *I* *I* *I* . J* *?*
.J. HONOR ROLLS. ?f*|
?J. ?J* .J? S|t t|* *|? .J. .J. ?|? ?J? ?J. ?|? ?j. j
Following is the honor roll of the
Damascus school for tho month end
ing Jan. 27th:
First Grade--Mae Watkins, Cus
Second Grade-Loma Carter, Clar
ence Carter, Buna Patten, Lottie
Third Grade-iHonry Carter, John
Fifth Grade-Grady 'Whitworth,
Macle Whitworth, Mattie Rholetter.
Sixth Grade-Emma Lee.
Sophia Hunt, Teacher.
Piles Cured In 6 to 14 Days
Druggists refund money if PAZO OINTMENT folia
to euro Itching, Blind. Bleeding or Protruding Piles.
Instantly relieves Hobing Piles, and you can get
restful uleep after tho first o DUI lcatlon. Price 6O0
The most treacherous animals to
deal with in captivity are said to be
Jaguars and black panthers.
'Roosevelt's modesty as a young
man is shown in his early letters
presented to the Roosevelt 'Memoria!
"Black-Draught ls. In
my opinion, the best liver
medicine on the market,"
states Mrs. R. H. White
side, of Keota, Okla. She
continues: "I had a pain
in my chest after eating
tight, uncomfortable feel
ing-and this was very
disagreeable end brought
on headache. I was con
stipated and knew it was
indigestion and Inactive
liver. I began the use of
Black-Draught, night and
morning, and it sure is
splendid and certainly
For over seventy years
this purely vegetable
preparation has been
found beneficial by thou
sands of persons suffer
ing from effects of a tor
pid, or slow-acting liver.
colic, coated tongue, diz
ziness, constipation, bit
ter taste, sleeplessness,
lack of energy, pain in
back, puffiness under the
eyes-any or all of these
symptoms often indicate
that there Is something
the matter with your
(iver. You can't be too
careful about the medi
cine you take. Be sure
that the name, "Thed
ford's Black-Draught," is
on the package. At all
For 12 Months
)rder yours now.
?j? ?j? *|? ?|? ?j? ?j? ?j? *|? ?j? ?j? ?j? ?j. *|? ?I?
4? PROFESSIONAL CA HOS. .?.
?J? ?}.. ?J. ?J. ?j. ?J. .j, ??. ?J. ?J? ?j. ?j? .j<
4? J. R. EARLE, .j,
.J? Attornoy-nt-Law, ???
4? . WALHALLA, S. C. .J.
.J? State & Fedora! Court Practice.
4? FARM LOANS. .J.
?J? .J. ?J* ?J? ?J? ?J? ?J? *|* *|* ?J? ?I? *|? ?J? ?J?
* E. L. HERNDON, ?J.
4* Phono No. Ol, Walhalla, S. 0.4*
**** I ? I I I J I lt
?J. J. P. Carey, J. W. Shelor, .J?
4? Pickens, S. C. W. C. Hughs, .J.
4? CAREY, SHELOR & HUGHS, 4*
4? Attorneys and Counsellors,
4? WALHALLA, S. C. 4*
?J? State & Federal Court Pracltce. ?J.
^1 J I I I 4.4,
4= W. I). WHITE, .J.
4? WALHALLA, S. C. 4*
.j? ?j. ?*. ?j? ?j? -j? ?j-? ?j? 4? ?j? *|* 4? 4? 4*
DR. J. G. STRANCH,
Austin Bldg. - Seneca, S. C.
4? ?J- ?J. ?|? 4? ?J? ?|?'4? 4? 4? *|? ?J. 4?
and Metal Shingles.
Walhalla, S. C.
MAKE YOUR TAX RETURNS.
Walhalla, S. C., Doc. 19, 1921.
The Auditor's Office will bo open
to receive Returns of Real and Per
sonal Property for taxation from the
1st day of January, 1922, to the 20th
day of February, 1921, inclusive.
The real estate, lots and buildings
are to be returned this year. Tax
payers will be careful to list exactly
the number of acres, number of lots
and number of buildings on their re
turns, as the assessment made now
will stand for the next four years.
The Township Assessors are required
by law to list all those who fail to
make their returns within the time
required by law. Hence the difficulty
of delinquents escaping the 50 per
cent penalty, as well as tho frequen
cy of errors resulting from this prac
tice. By all means make your own
returns, and thoreby save expense
All nblo-bodled men from 21 to 60
yoars of age are taxable polls.
RALPH M. PIKE,
Auditor, Oconce County, S. C.
Dec. 21, 1921. 51-tx
All persons are hereby notified not
to hunt or trespass In any way on
any of the land that is owned or con
trolled by any of the undersigned
parties. All persona, or any person,
caught on any of the premises of the
parties named bolow will be subject
ed to tho full penalties of the law.
?MISS NETTIE JONES,
J. E. KELLEY,
T. R. CHATHAM,
IIAYNE G. JONES.
Jan. 25, 1922. 4-7*
NOTICE TO DEBTORS AND
All persons Indebted to tho Es
tnto of Dr. John J. Thode, Deconaod,
are hereby notified to make pay
ment to tho undersigned, and all
persons having claims against said
ostato will prosent tho same, duly at
tested, within the time proscribed by
?aw, or bo barrod. .
M'RS. EULALIA THODE,
Executrix of tho Estate of Dr. John
J. Thode, Deceased.
Jan. 18, 1922. 3-6
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