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UNUSUAL ABUNDANCIO OF HOLL
Weevils Tills Spring Necessitate Keino
Modification in l'oison Methods.
(Hy H. R. Goad and 0. A. .Malonoy,
of tho Delta Laboratory, Tallulah,
For the past few wooks wo bavo
beon accumulating records on ibo
emergence of tho boll weevil from
nearly all of tho cotton States, anil
aro buding universally, as wo fore
casted some months ago, that th?!
number of over-wintered weevils is
far greater than usual; in fact, in
many districts where accurate counts
bavo boon made it has been found
that wo bavo in tho fields now .is
many weevils as are ordinarily pres
ent a mouth later, when tho iirst
SUinmor-brod brood has started to
Uppear, With anything like normal
weather conditions this is fuiiiiK to
moan a tremendously rapid Increase
ill tho weevil tlailitlgO, and this will
have au important bearing on the j
program lo bo followed hy those us
ing calcium arsenate for tho control
ol' tho weevil.
In the first place, it should bo re
membered that we recoin mend start
ing poisoning when from ten to ilf
loon per cent ol' tho cotton squares
haye boen punctured by tho weevil.
As a general rule this condition does
not arise until alter tho liowly .brod
weevils have started to emerge from
the Squares. This year, however, wo
have found many Holds whero Ibero
aro already sufficient weevils present
to destroy practically all squares as
fast as formed. In other words, such
cotton will never start blooming un
less tho weevils aro controlled, and
from the very offset 5 0 per cent or
moro of the squares aro punctured.
Under such conditions it is undoubt
edly going to be necessary to poison
earlier than ever before. Of course,
there is no advantage In poisoning
tho cotton before tho squares form.
as tho weevils aro continuing to
emerge from hibernation during tjiis
period, and furthermore they are do
ing tho crop no harm. However,
Whore such n heavy infestation oc
curs it will be advisable to make the
Iirst application just is soon as the
colt m starts squaring freely, or at
about Go' lime the plains average |
from four to live square, each. The
regular poisoning schedule should be
started ai that time and continued
along i lie lin>-; or the usual recom
mendations for controlling ibis early
in l'est a lion ol' WOOVilS.
Another very important effect of
this heavy Infestation will lie foll la
ter in ?lu- season. When the weevils
iirst om ergo from hibernation and
reach the cotton Held 'hey move
around very little as long a ? they can
Pud an amide supply ol' uiiplincturod
BU na rc? for their iiso, hut Jtist ns soon
as ie'- Infestation becomes su Indently
heavy to punetnro practlcallly ail tho
squares these weevils .-'act to move
ii? search of fresh pastures, la aa
ordinary season ibis means thal you
usually have only thc weevils bred
in your own cotton fo contend with
until some time from the latter pari
of ,1 uly to : be last of N ugusl. di pend
ing on the locality. This year, how
over, this movement of migration of
weevils will probably .-tart several
woe ks earli.-r than usual. Conse
quently ll will noi only be necessary
for you to .-tan poisoning earlier lo
control your own infestation, but you
should also expect that, before you
have had time to maturo the fruit
which your plants have set during
this period of protection, you will be
gin to experience an immigration of
weevils from un poisoned cotton. Of
ocurso, this condition would not arise
I* every one in a district was success
fully poisoning bis cotton; hut. this
will not be tho case this year, and
Just as soon as all squares in the
un poisoned crops aro punctured tho
migration to the poisoned holds will
commence. This means that every
day a larg? crop of new weevils will
move Into these poisoned Heids, and
it is going to take continuous, thor
ough poisoning to protect to matur
ity the crop which has been allowed
to sot by the earlier applications.
These two facts mean just this:
Successful weevil control this year
Is going to require more effort and
more poison per acre than bas ever
been the case in the piist. On the
other band, wherever the land is
BU dicion! ly fertile to justify such an
effort, there is much more assurance
of profil from the operation than is
usually the case. The increase in ibo
cost per acre brought about hy tho
lneieased number of applications nec
essary will be far more than compon
sal od for by the fact that thc weevil
damage without poisoning will bo far
greater than normal, and thus thc
margin of profit on thc operation ls
tremendously increased, in other
words, a heavy weevil infestation
such as wo have this year moans a
greater expenditure per aero for poi
soning to successfully control lt, but
lt. also means a greator actual net
profit in dollars and cents pox aero
from tho poisoning operations.
Holl Weevils Work iu Wet Weather. |
So Must tlie Cotton lHantei*.
d', s. Dopartmont of Agriculture
If you expect to whip tho boll woe
vll lu a fair fight you have got to
show as much energy as ho cloos
Which means that, though tho opera
tion may bo both difficult and un
pleasant, poisoning must bo done,
oven when tho plants are wot and
the ground muddy, so says tho United
States Department of Agriculture
with regard to poisoning tho weevil
with calcium arsenate. Tho depart
ment has found that, during tho crlt
Icnl stage, tho poisoning should he
dene ut intervals of about four day?.
Two or three applications, mudo in
good weather, may have got the wee
vils under control. Thou there conies
a rainy spell and tho funner lets tho
limo for poisoning pass willie bo is
wailing for fair weather. Hut that
ls exactly tho limo when the weevil
ls busiest. The numbers are likely to
Increase so rapidly that the control
already gained is lost, in that event
tho weevil inflicts about as much
damago As if no poisoning had been
done, and tho farmer loses, i:i addi
tion, what ho bas spent in poisoning
operations. The only way lo provpnt
that sort of result is to let wei wea
ther in ter foro ns little as posslblo
with poisoning operations. Si ii i; to
the schedule, the department says,
regardless of weather conditions.
Thc department realizes, of ? ourse,
that poisoning cannot bo done in tho
pouring rains, but the farmer, the
specialists urgo, should take advant
age of the earliest opportunity to get
back into the Held after the rain, that
he should make every effort to get
tho cotton again dusted regularly,
even though fair weather does not
seem certain. Ho cnn afford, they
say, to put on poison even In unset
tled weather. It may bo washed off
again shortly; but, on tho other
hand, thc weather, even when it looks
most threatening, may stay fair long
enough to allow weevil control to op
el ate. Every farmer, it is pointed out,
must expect to lose some poison hy
rain, but the operation is sufficiently
1 rolltablo lo justify it.
Calm Atmosphere Most Important in
Applying Calcium A resent? te for
Poisoning Doll Weevils.
(U. S. Department of Agriculture
A calm atmosph?re is thc most lm
portani thing lo be considered when
applying calcium arsenate to cotton
lo control tho boll weevil-more Im
portant than dew or oilier moisture
on the cotton plants, rbis statement
is made by tho specialists of the Uni
ted States Department of Agriculture
who, at tho Delta Laboratory ul Tal
lulah, La., worked out. the calcium
arsenate system of control. Success
depends, they point out, on gening
all the plan! surfaces thoroughly cov
ered with tho line particles of poison
dust. Tho dust comes but of the ma
chine i:i a'cloud and hangs in ihe air
foi some timo before settling. If tho j
Wind blows during : his time, much
of ii never settle.*] >vhoro it ls wanted,
l ui drills beyond the cotton to other
crops or to wood patches,, or is dis
sipated by the wind, lt is not always
possible, of course, to get a perfectly,
calm atmosphere at tho lime tho dust
ing must be done, bul tho specialists
urge (hat tho absence of wind be
made a primary consideration.
Poison Weevils Karly-Commence ns
Cotton Begins to Square.
(Clemson College Bulletin.)
Clemson College, Juno 30. - Tho
general recommendation ls to start
cotton dusting with calcium arsenate
when from 10 to 15 per cent of tho
cotton squares havo been punctured
by the weevil. In the average year
this condition would arlso after tho
first generation of weevils have
emerged from tho squares, but this
year we have most unusual condi
tions, states Prof. A. P. Conrad!, en
tomologist, in advising earlier poi
soning, because of the heavy weevil
We have had practically four mild
winters, the last winter being espe
cially mild, enabling the boll weevil
lo pass tho winter most successfully.
At this time wo have a condition in
this State which in normal years
would occur a month later. The
weevils in some fields are sufficiently
numerous to puncture practically
every square that forms, and for this
reason the first application of poison
is recommended when tho cotton bas
set from tbreo to five squares, nftor
Which tho regular schedulo as here
tofore recommended is followed.
(Attention is called In this letter
from Clemson College to tho Tallulah
Laboratory articles, which aro print
ed above, and boneo omitted from
tho body of the Clemson letter.)
Cold? Cause Grip and Influenza
LAXATIVE DROMO QUININE Tablet? remove th?
causo. There ls only ono "Bromo Quinine." E.W.
GROVE'S signature on the box. 30c.
Isinglass is mado from the air blad
der of certain species of fish.
?j? oj? ?j? ?j? "#? ?j? ?j? .?* ?j? ?I? ??? ?J^
J. k?KPING A RECORD OF *fr
I* LAHOR. 4*
?.i* *?J *I* *i* *I* .!* * I* *I* "I* *I* *?* *l4
Clomson College, June 29.-"Right
now ls tho timo to be keeping up
with tho amount and cost ot labor
on farms, lt ls not too lato for a
farmer to begin keeping a labor rec
ord on his crops for tho year, as ho
can remember fairly well tho plant
ing operations and record them, and
from now until tho end of Hie season
keep tho record as ho goos, says W.
C. Jonsen, assistant professor of ag
Forms.-NTo special forms aro nec
essary. Ono can rule off columns in
a simple record book for tho purpose
ur else use loose sheets.
Labor of Crops,-Tho bondings of
tho columns for each crop should be
as follows: Dato. Operation. .Man,
Hours. Horse, Hours.
The work should be reduced to a
one-man, one-mule basis-that is. If
a than and two mulei worked ten
hours, outer ten man-hours and twen
Labor on Livestock.-The' timo re
quired to cure for work? stock end
livestock may bo kept with the same
form as above, but only the column
of operation is omitted.
Applying the Labor Record Fig
ures.-The record will show how
many hours a crop or a herd of cows
takes. This varies exceedingly, cot
ton requiring about 120 man-hours,
apples 175 man-hours and oats 10
man-hours per acre, while the care
of a dairy cow requires about 150
man-hours per year. Whatever num
ber of lion rs is found is placed in pro
portion to tho total hours of labor as
X is to the total cost of labor, X be
ins tho cost of labor on .the crop or
class of stock that one is considering.
A Simple case will illustrate: If a
farm puts in 20,000 man-hours, 5.000
being on cotton, and tho total labor
cost is $3,000, then 5,000 ls to 20,000
as X is to 3,000, or $750, the cost of
labor on cotton.
Value of LuhorRecords.
I, They show up tho efficiency of
j the mos! costly factor of production
! in tho case of crops, and one of the
more important factors of production
in tlie case of meat and milk.
In Missouri, Minnesota and New
i York extensive research work has
I shown thal horse labor costs vary
from 7 cents to about 12 cents per
hour, depending upon the section of
tho country. A survey of S i 2 cotton
fai ins in i ?i l S showed tho average
cost ol' labor on one acre of cotton to
, bo $33.97, the average for South Car
? ulina counties being slightly above
(Iiis. Lahor makes up about ?'.5 per
cont of the cost of production In the
caso of corn, and about 25 per cent
in tho ease of milk.
Labor is also tho factor ol' cost
on a farm that can bo reduced m ox I
j easily, this by using lu tter men, by
? selecting better implements, and also
? by Increasing the efficiency of mule
I 3. Labor deserves special study,
i because it is the factor of production
I concerning which we know least.
Renew your health
by purifying your
TKAOC MA*K ?CO
The purified and refined
calomel tablets that are free
from nausea and danger.
No salts necessary, as
Cnlotabs act like calomel
and salts combined. De
mand the genuine in 10c
and 35c packages, bearing
Scaly-Log Mites of.Chicks.
Tills mite commonly remains on
the feet, burrowing through tho
scales and causing their enlargement.
A crust of loose tissue is formed
above thc burrows, and intenso itch
ing results. When scaly-log ls left
untreated tho feet often become bad
ly distorted, and In somo cases the
fowls can scarcely walk or get up to
tho perch. Controlling scaly-leg Is
by soaking tho legs in warm, soapy
water to loosen tho scales, and then
applying kuroseno oil on tho leg,
wi*h caro not to got lt on tho feath
ers. Treatment should bo Immediate
when tho disease ls discovered.
' i III ' -rn
T/OST HIS* FIGHT OF FOui&YEAKS
I For Lifo-World War "V?t?ran tudor
went Fifty Operations.
Catawissa, Pa., Juno 28.-Herbert
McCarty, 28 years of a;g?, a veterau
of tho 79th division, lost a four-year
light for life after, undergoing nearly I
fifty operations-to overcomo wounds
he had suffered a few days bofore tho
armistice, when lils body Was riddled
by bullets from a machino gun of a
McCarty had been in hospitals al
most continuously slnco he received
his numerous wounds.
Twenty-four of his operations were
major ones and twenty-four others'
were classed by surgeons as minor.
Eighteen machine gun bullets had
been taken from his body, and ho
carried two, grown into his jugular
vein, to his death. In the operations
fourteen ribs hud been entirely re
moved, a portion of one shoulder
blade anti a collar bono taken out.
His case is said by specialists to
havo been one of tho most remarka
ble lu American surgery. Until two
months ago ho had recovered BUfll
clently to leave the hospital for short
McCarty had been cited for ex
tremo bravery, his citation stilting
that ho was dragging hodies of his
comrades back from exposed posi
tions when wounded.
r o R
Hagan's Magnolia Balm in
stantly cools and soothes dry,
burning skin. A ?mrn/jf?reas
well as n remedy. Removes
skin blemishes. Makes skin
and complexion clear, velvety,
beautiful. Imparts delicate.
Instinct ragrancc to thc per
son. Won't rub oil. Im
possible to delect.
LIQUID Face and
4 colors: Brunette,
White, I'ink, and
Rose-Red (or li|>s,
checks. Sold l>y ali
dealers, or direct
from us, 7s cents,
LYON MFG. CO.
?12 So. Fifth St.
BROOKLYN, N. Y.
l,o? Hu Co'l
C. s. Senate Nomination for Woman.
Milwaukee, Wis., .lune 28.--Mrs.
Hen V. Hooper, of Oshkosh, president
ol' i lui Wisconsin League of Women
Voters, as tho Democratic Horniness
for the United States Senate, will
lead thc Democrats ol' Wisconsin into
lite State elect it,i.s. Nov. 17, the ll rsl
woman representative on a party
ticket in this state. The Democratic
party convention last night unani
mously endorsed Mrs. Hooper, and
party loaders assured their support
to her cam!,.:; cy, so that nomination
.i I I he September primary is accepted
This selection ol' th?' convention
and ils endorsement ol' two candi
datos for Governor-Mayor A. A.
Hornley, of Lacrosse, representing the
wets, and Carl Mathe, of Dausau, rep
resenting the drys, prevented a defec
tion within tho party that was threat
ened when a plank objected to by tho
drys was accepted by a volo of GO to
The compromiso included a plat*
form demand'that tho Stato dry laws
bo submitted to a referendum in tho
Rockefeller Port uno to Children.
New York, Juno 30.-Tho bulk of
tho estate loft by William Rockefel
ler, oil magnate, reputed to havo
been one of the richest men in tho
world, was bequeathed to his four
children, under tho terms of his*w.U)
flied for probato recently.
Virtually the wholo estate-the
value of which was cloaked in the
legal phrase, "Over $10,000"-was
left to the immediato family, with
no charitable bequests.
After certain deductions Mr. Rock
efeller, who dietl recently at his home
in North Tarrytown, directed that his
esta lo should bo divided Into four
parts and given to his children-Per
cy and William G. Rockefeller, Mrs.
Ceraldino Dodgo and Mrs. Emma Mc
Jumps to Death from Bridge.
Now York, Juno 28-A man be
lieved to be Henry Montgomery, of
Brooklyn, Jumped to his doath from
the Brooklyn bridge last night in full
view of hundreds of pedestrians and
surface car and elevated train pas
sengers. Ho leaped from a passing
surface enr'to tho brldgo roadway,
stepped to tho rail and Jumped over.
An ostrich ls first picked of Its
plumes whon less than a year old and
then ovory nine months of Rs life.
They ar? GOOD!
AMERICAN IN MEXICO IS I HEED.
Itandits Re?oive $10,000 in Cold for
llclcusu of Bruce Bielaski.
Mexico City, Juno 2?>.-A. Bruce
?ielnskl, tim American who was cap- ;
tined several days agd by bandits in
the State of Morolos, was delivered
by his captors to friends at Chitla
this morning, following payment of
a ransom of $10,000 in gold. Thijuif
tcrnoon Mr. Bielaski, with his party,
was reported to be proceeding by
train lo Mexico City. According to ,
tho meagre information reaching the
capital the release of Bielaski was
without, untoward incident. I
With .tho Bielaski kidnapping ap- j
parontly entering its final phase, at
tention now is hoing centered on Inc
TnmpUco oil region, where forty-odd
Americans are being held hy the
rebel Cen. Corozavc for ransom. Con
firmation of reports that Corozavc
had captured thc Americans reached
hero to-day in a private message
from Tampico. Tho message said that
money for tho ransom of Americans
was hoing forwarded to Corozavc
Crom Tampico Tho dispatch did not
designate hy whom the money was
Bielaski Escaped, Ihn tor Report.
.Mexico City, June 29.-Escaping
from his bandit kidnappers after four
days of captivity. A. Bruce Bielaski,
former head of the American depart
ment of justice's investigation bu
reau, returned to Mexico City.
Coverod wit li dust, unshaven and
showing plainly tho marks of his
imprisonment in thc Mountains of
Morolos, Bielaski was taken to his
apartment, where luis wife and a half
dozen friends greeted lil tn,
Jules Lncaud, hoad of tho Mexico
City banking firm which is under
stood to have furnished $10,00.0 for
tile ransom on the order of Mr. Biel
aski's Xew York company, said he
had been authorized to slate that
Bielaski eluded hia captors before
tho money was paid. Bielaski suffer
ed no moro ill offocts than might bo
expected from four days of roughing
ii in the mountains. Dozens of auto
mobiles carrying Americans who
since Sunday have tried to get in con
tact with tho bandits, [returned to
the capital last night, each person
telling a different version ol' tile af
fair and ascribing crcdHI for Blol
aski's safe return to several sources.
Bress dispatches from Tnmpilo
quote W. 1'. Taylor, manager of the
Tam?lico branch of the Cortex Oil
Company, as confirming thc capture
of forty employees at the company's
Aguada camp hy tho bandit Goroz
ave, but do not state whether the ran
som has been paid.
When Baby Frets
Dr. Thornton's Easy Teeth
er Will Remove the
Cause of Pain.
Wntch enrefidly, mother, for fever
ishness, sour stomach, coated tongue,
cold and colic, or stomach and bowel
disorders. Give thu crying, restless
child n few doaes of Dr. Thornton's
Ensy Teether md note thc immediato
Improvement. This old reliable baby
remedy comes lin thc form of n sweet
powder Mint infants take moro read
ily thon sticky syrups or liquid med
icines. It is composed of powdered
antiseptics, digestants and granular
stimulants, contains no opiates or
harmful drugs. \
For fiftoon ye??rs this carefully pro
Cnrcd prescription of a successful
al>y specialist has won hundreds and
hundrndB of unsolicited testimonials
from doctors, diiiggists and apprecia
tive mothers. Time and again its
efficioncy has been proven beyond
question of doubt. If it fails to help
your child your money back imme
diately without question. Twelve pow
ders In a package* with full directions,
25c at your druggist.-Advertisement.
.... .-. . -
Hunters killed moro thnn 2C>,000
wolves, coyotes and other predatory
animals last year.
Subscribe for The Courier. (Best)
FIRM OF PULLER CO. FAILED
For Sum of Hulf ? Million*-Assets
Are About Half that Amount.
?New York, Juno 28.-Tho New
York Consolidated Stock Exchuuge
yesterday announced tho suspension
of E. M. Fuller & Co. Tho company '
maintained branch ofllcos in Boston,
Philadelphia and Cleveland.
A potition in bankruptcy was later
Hied against tito company on com
plaint of three creditors with claims
aggregating $ 1 (5,000. Liabilities are
listed at $500,000 and assost $250,
Fedornl Judge .Mayer appointed
Samuel Strasburger receiver under a
bond of $2 5,000. The firm is com
posed of Edward M. Fuller and Wil
liam I?\ McGee.
lt has not boon long since Fuller
caused the, arrest of Miss Nellie .
Black in his ofllcos, charging that she
had annoyed and threatened bim.
Miss Black was convicted, but was re
leased on a suspended sentence.
Fuller and McGee were among the
seven, indicted by a Federal grand
jury on Juno 20, charged with con
spiracy to defraud by using the mails^
to exploit and sell stock in tito Crown
Oil Company, a California concern.
They pleaded not guilty and were
released on $5.000 bail each, but tho
cases wore never tried.
Hero ls a wondorful message to all
expectant mothers. From this mo
ment on, cast from your mind all
, dread and fonr, and feel every day as
I tho months roll by that groat freedom
i from much of tho suffering which
1 thousands of expectant mothers un
dergo, unnecessarily. And when tho
: Little Ono arrives, you eau have that
moment moro free from suffering than,
you have perhaps imagined, An emi
nent physician, expert in this science,
bas shown tho way. It was ho who
first . produced tho great remedy,
"Mother's Friend." Mrs. C. J. Hart?
mun, Scranton, Pa., says:
"Willi my ?lrRt two children I lind
II doctor ami II nurso and then they
IIIHI to UNO liiHtriiMientH, hut with my
litNt two children I lilted Motlier'*
1'rio i ul timi liuil only ii mi ruo-; wo hud
DO (lui?, to Kt't iv doctor bocti?fle I
wann'! rory Hick-only about ten or
! "Mother's Friend" ia applied extern-1
i ally to tho abdomen, back and hips.
? It aids the muscles and tissues to ox<
pand easily. It penetrates tptickly.
! It - contains no narcotics or harmful
drugs. IL is safe. There is no substi
tute. Avoid useless greases Borne
times recommended by tho unknow
i lng. "Mother's Friend" is sold by,
NOTE-Wrlto for vnlnnliln freo lllinlralod boole.
"Motherhood amt tho itniiy." contalnliiii Important
.iilhorlliillvK iiirniniaUuii willoh ? v. ry exixvlniit
motlier uliunld lime, and nil nlm:t "Mother's
r'rJcml," lo Urua?uKl Itigulatur Company, HA-J0,
I Atlanta. Ua. s.
About Pullman Car Mileage.
? A dispatch from Chicago says:
Tho Pullman car mileage in |'.)2L
averaged four and a half round trips
?daily to the moon, which is 238,S40
j miles from the earth, according to
a statistician of tho Pullman Com
pany. Tho iniloago averaged eight
and a half trips to the sun, which ls
!)2,i)00,000 miles distance, according
to the statement.
The mileage reported for tho year
was 700,572,105 miles, which was
declared equivalent to encircling tho
earth at tho equator eighty-eight
times each day, or onco every sixteon
minutos and twenty seconds. Each
car was said to have averaged a
yearly run of 118,376 miles, or ap
proximately five trips around the
"Pullman passengers." the com
pany reported, "rode 1 1,220,406
miles in 1921, or a car rido of 107
miles for every man, woman and
child In tho United States. If a new
born babe started this ,trip and trav
eled at tho rato of 3 0 miles an hour
without stopping, bo would bo 4 2,
07 7 years old When tho porter brush
ed him off.
"Tho average dally mileage was
2,100,600 miles, or 01.275 miles an
hour, and 1,520 miles per minute.
"Pullman cars carried 31,204,002
passengers, an a vera go of 85,500 a
day. lt would tako 106 holds with
500 rooms each to furnish nightly
the sleeping accommodations provid
Tho toloscopo was invented in Hol
land about tho beginning of tho sev
Sun spots aro belloved to bo tho
producers of magnetic storms on tho
Piles Cured In 6 to 14 Days
Druggists refund money If PAZO OINTMENT fans
to euro Itching, Blind, Bleeding or Protruding Piles.
Instantly relieves Itching Piles, nnd you can got
restful sleep ofter tho first duplication. Price OOo,