~ - - - . ^ I
? - M '^ ' ' ? _L_- _
DEVOTE? TO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND TO THE GENERAL INTEREST OF THE COUNTRY.
* VOU V* PICKENS, a C? THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, M5. TtoTT
? Tki Fittiti Sminl.
A i mm, mm at far**
PICKENS, 8. C., SEPT. 9, 1875.
Tcmm ?r ItlMcrlylioi.
One T?ir 91 60
Ml* illaMhi . 1H
Adveftisemenls inserted at the rate of $1 00
per square, of (9) nine lines, or less, for ttie
first insertion, and 60 cents for each subsequent
. Contraots made for thbk?, six or twblvb
months, on favorable terms.
I Advertisements not having the number of
* insertions marked on them, will be published
until forbid and oharged accordingly.
These terms are so simple any child may
understand them. Nine lines is a square?
, one ineh,; In every instance we charge by
A the space eccupled, as eight or ten lines oan
be made to oooupy four or five sqnares, as the
advertiser may wish, and is oharged by the
IV Advertisers wilt please state the number
of squares they wish their advertisements
BAP* Ttnatnoaa man ?lin kdmlli* in
benefitted, will bear In mind that the
SENTINEL baa a large and increasing circulation,
and is taken by the very class of
persons whose trade they desire.
VW Advertising Agents*
The following aire tho onfy author
' tted agents to receive advertisements
for this paper:
Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 41 Park Row
Walker, Evans A Cogcwell, ropro.
Son tod by JBoswell T. Logan, Clmrlos*
ton, 8. G. P
if Wo will acoopt cash-in-advanoe orders
from other agencies, at reasonable
Wo oan give no advertisement prof*
ercnco in position.
Havk Good Temper.?"Tho horae
that trots is tho horao that sweats," is
an old saying of horsemen, and it is
just as truo of mon as horsos, Tho
man that allows liimsolf to got irritatcd
at ovory littlo that goon amiss
in his business, or in tho ordinary
affair* of lifo, is (f man that, as a rulo,
will accomplish littlo and woar out
onrly. do is a man for whom bilo
and dy*pepsia havo a particular fond"
It no**, and lor whom childron havo a
particular 'aversion. He ia a man
with a porpetual thorn in hi* flesh,
which prick* and wound* on tho
S slightest raovomont; a man for whom
lt*?- V -
me MB niuo piopsuro, ana tbe future
"To "keep jolly" undor all provocation
it, perhaps, a task which only
Dickons' Mark Taplojr could perforin.
We never have met Mark Tapley in
oar experience of human nature, but
we have seen him closely approximated,
and jt would bo well if poo^
pie in general could approach moro
nearly 'lift tinimitable character.
? phases, emergencies and
ocoupaifons of human life, good temper
is a commodity for which there is
a great demand, but In those which
bring an individual into daily eon*
tact with others, it is porhaps in
greatest demand and roost limited
To foremen in shops, and superins
tendontB of large manufacturing establishments,
good temper is a most
valuable qualification. Indeed, this
aftiolo was suggested by a notablo
want of good temper, in the treatment
of subordinates, by a foreman in an
vauiuiiBunteiiii rooonuy visuea Dy us.
It was evident that this establishment
was pervaded by a spirit of revolt,
begotten by the brow-beating, insolont
language and manner of the
foroman?the men, who wore sulky
and obstinate, being undoubtedly
rendered unmanageable and restless
by the total disregard of amenity In
tho man placed over them.
The best way is always to keep a
cheerful heart. Take tho world as it
goes, and the good- and the evil as
they sovorally come along, without
repining, if fortune frowns, with
that philosophical ejaculation of
Jaeob Faithful, "Better luok noxt
It has boon rcmarkod that if a
man wants to known his faults ho
noma run tor an office; if he would
discover bi? virtue.* ho hus only to
A Vf IFK OH TBB "OJTUATKHf."?
Whenever a man get* into a light
place he eommeaoes grumbling and
lectnring hit wife and daughters
about economy. They buy too
many dresses, too many bonnets, too
many shoes-?In fact, it they have
bought or want to buy anything at
I all, it is that much too much. As for
himself and that groat strapping calf
of a boy of hie, they never spend any
money except what is actually neccs- i
sary 1 Ok no I That fifteen dollar
pair of pauts,ten dollar pair of boots,
five dollar hat, were all of them
prime necessities, costing as they did
more than the entire outfit for the
season ot the wife and daughters.
An f." t.l 4 IJ-.
xx o IVi Hid UI^OI D| lUUOUW) IUUUJ
regularly every day, they are either
all given them?this fatber and son,
or notbiug is said about ihem in tbe
family circle. Nor does tbe housowife
dare out down her lord's rations.
Economy ' don't consist in
that. He must hare his regnlar
dishes, morning, noon and night.
J oat let Iter reduce table expenses
and sbe will hear a grunt at the
table from the great bear at the
other eud. Saya the New York Express
It is safe that marriages are fewer
than ever before, and it ia truo; but
why ? It c?ta too much to marry!
WLoae fault ia that! Not ot tho
men alone, but of tlie women, tuo,
many dresses, too many parties, too
many clubs of the men, and too
many cigars and too much wiue also.
On both sidoa too much is expended
to keep up appearauoes. Meu who
wouiu like to marry and bo more in
ladies' society are kept out of it.
Instead of Newport, Saratoga, Long
Branch and Sharon, they go by thorns
selves to the coast or to tho mountains,
where they can wear blue
flannel and linen, striped shirts and
slippers, and be free and easy among
ll I 4 I 4l A ?
miuuibcivco miner iiiuu ioriuai ana
stately among those ? who expoet
great attentions because they receive
them at home. If young women
were more reasonable, young muu
would bo more liopeiul, and there
would be ??orft marriages to record." '
Suppoeo we reverse this last 1
proposition, and request young men
tn lut "mnr? rMinnaKln " A nnmnn
in tbe government of a man is clay
in the lmnds of the potter. A man
iq tbe hands ot himself is a lull
grown gnarled oak, set, grown, finished,
especially in those habits
known as extravagant, yet so Jamil- 1
iar to him he calls them "actual necessities."
The old man is an im- 1
mense old humbug. He habitually
pulls the wool over the good wife's
eyes. He is a book-keeper who is
not asked by his partner to make out
a balance sheet with itimized statements.
If she would reouire such n
document every throe months, there
would be leet said about the "extravagant
habits of our wouion."
Such a document, if trutthtuiiy
written, would be rioh reading.
Wl.ot I. ??.-* -I.U1. I *1 r
< la ium rvuiuu iiho tureo ioui
but no legs, is all body but no limbs,
haa no toes on its feet, no hoad,
moved a great deal and ue^er ubob
its feet for that purpose, and has 0110
foot at each end and the other in tiiu
centre ol its body ? This is a queer
creature in some respects, and is
very popular among the ladies and
some men. It never walks out, but
goes with one toot where its head
might be, dragging the other foot
behind. These ieet have nails but
oo toes, no heel and no bones in the
foot I A yard measure.
A tablespoonful of black ueuoer
put ia tie first water in which gray
and buff linens are washed will keep
tbem from spotting. It will also
generally keep I ho colors of black or
coloied cambrics or muslins lrom
running, aud docs not burden the
A -L.ITTLK JMI8TAKB.?He took the
eveniug train up from Clereland,
and in looking through the train
discovered a fenialo sitting alone in
a eoat^and it iaatantljr occurred to
him that she might bo lovely. A
vpil ^ ' A *1
v.. uiu[/|'v;u uyoi uvi inu?, uui mere
was no reason to supposo that she
was not good looking, and he gallantly
raised his hat and sat down
bcsido her remarking with a lovely
"It's lonely traveling alone."
She just murmured a reply, but
tho accent was captivating, and ho
was won at the start.
lie was practiced in all the arts
of polito tactics, and enokn to Imr
? " I """
softly of tbia grand deoolato world,
with appropriate allusions to human
hearts. lie told her how ho had
hudgcred and thirsted after the at"
feetion of ? true heart, and had
yearned to feel tho breath ot tho
brea'h of tho heavenly flamo of love.
No, ho sighed, he bad no wite, no
one to love and caress him, and
menu lita suspenders; and whon bo
had iuquired if she wag treading the
path oi life singly and alone, sho
murmured bo pensively and sad that
he tolt compelled to put his arm on
the back ot the seat lest bo should
fall out of the window?which was
They roachod Nor walk, and just
as the tram stopped ho hoard a grating,
hiesing sound close to his ear,
and then tho words :
"Y-o-u villiaul you old hypocritical
sinner, I'll make yon think
vou'vo boon struck by a breath of
heavenly i!ame, you old owl."
IIo looked round just far enough
to got a glimpse of a pair of flashing
eyes and the faco of his wile, xvho
had murmured so fondly to him
along tho journey- A Budden spasm
seized him, but lie managed to aecompany
her from the train, and iia
they moved into the darkness toward
Iminn lutt* (luoKnim ' * 1 '
"Vi unolliiig UJ VJU 11U Up IILU
palo lace with spoctral oflcct.
ITow tiik Eartii is Cooi.ino Off.?
Professor Duncan, among the ablest
of European astronomers, has lately
declared that thoro is strong evidence
that tho earth is a solid body now
cooling, becauso tho deeper the
penetrations into mines, or of bor
iuga into the earth, the hotter is the
temperature ; aud if the temperature
continues to increase at depths to
which mat) can not reach, in the
same ratio that it doGS at depths to
which ho can reach, a temperature
of 3,680 degrees would bo found at a
depth of forty live miles. At this
^Altn nAl'(lhii*A ftronlfna o?/l !** #?*
?? ? ginuiivaniiu i?*m iUBOi
Assuming then, Bays Prof. Duncan,
tho earth to bo ft liot body now
cooling, as it cools the rocks must
contract?moreover, thoso rocks
which are rich in silica will not
contract so rapidly on cooling as
others, and consequently heroin is a
source of change in tho shauo of tho
earth. Professor Duncan says it is
well known that surface changed aro
going on ; that aomc largo areas of
land aro in conreo of slow rising,
while others aro slowly sinking, and
that at one geolopioal period there
wea a great upheaval of (he larger
portion of the continent of Worth
America. lie concludes, therefore,
that the globe is cooling unequally ;
It !!_? . i - '
no i utiuu ion, ioo, irum soino pariB
is greater that) at othors, and in th is
thoro ie consequently a further source
Blacking kok Uaknkbs.?Melt
four ounces ot mutton suet with
twelve ounces of beeswax; add
twelve on noes of ftiigar candy, four
ounces of soft soap dissolved in
water, and two ounces ot iudigo,
(inuly powdered. Whon melted and
well mixed, add a hall pint of turpentine.
Lay it on the harness with
a aponge, and polish oil' with a
In Jail.?Wbat comfort can it be
to a man, and especially to a woman,
to be oonfined to a narrow cell?
damp, perhaps, and dirty?poorly
lighted, and poorly ventilated. Very
poor fare is to be expected, and
what Is most to be deprecated ie the
society within, and ti e pity, scorn,
and contempt without. Does it pay
to Btoal a chicken, or a few pounds
ot beef, or some trifling thing, and
then, by way of atoning for the
criino, bo forced to quit home, no
inattor how hntnblo, to qnit family
and friends, and the pure air, aud
tho gushing spring and the wholesome
faro that honest toil will secure,
and to be trust into a damp, dirty
noil UMtliAiii n l\orl r\t? n
vv??| ?t % WVVij V* (I V/IKIIl f VI
a candle, or a lire, or the sweet sun*'
shine and tho pure atmosphero all
around, with no chance to have a
friendly call from a kind neighbor in
his Sunday clothes, and enjoy an
hour's chat; with no chance to go
to church and greet tho people and
join with them in tho rapturous
song, or the ardent prayer ; witli no
chance to go to town and receive tho
greetings of etuiling friends and buy
and sell and lay in tho comforts of
life. Who would ran the risk oi all
these evils tor the sake of having a
chicken for supper, or a bit of beet,
or pork ? All theso and better
things can ho obtained by labor.
And when a man is hard run and
can't find work every day, ho will
do better to b? g a morsel, than to
steal and bo lodged in jail to tho
injury ot his pocket, his charactor,
his family and his country.
The jail birds are a dead expense
to a county, and this part of the evil
ought to bo corrected. In order to
correct tho evil, lot there bo a work*
. -. I
shop in connection with every jail,'
and tin ovor8cor with power to make
the tl'iovea work in the yard or out
of it. Every convict should be re*
quired to make his own support, or
leavo the country. It is too much
for honest laboring toon to support
the Inzy, thioving pack that occupy
our jails and then pay tho judges
and jury that try tbcm. Let every
stout man make bis own "grub" in
jail or out of it.?Abbeville Mc.
- . Concerning
says a theorist, mounting.bis hobby,
bears things in general, and denote
broad, comprehensive views and
modes of thought, while small ears
bear things in particular and show
a disposition to individualise, often
accompanied by the love of the
minute. Large oar* are usually
satisfiod with learning the leading
facts of a case, with the geneial
principles involved ; too strict an attention
to tho enumeration of tho details,
cspccially all repetition of the
unimportant, is wcarisomo to them.
People with such cars like gene
rality, and arc usually fitted to con-'
duct largo enterprises; to rcceivo
and pay out money in largo sums ;
thoy prefer to give with a free hand,
without reference to tho amount.
Small ears, on the contrary, desire
to know tho particulars of a story, as
well as tho main facts ; take delight
often in examining, handling, or
uv/iipvi tinjr opi;\>iiiiVMO v/1 n VI IV
tuansliip; are disposed to bo oxfict
with respect to inches and ounceu in
buying or selling, to the oxtont at
least oi' knowing tho exact number
over and undor the measure given
or received. People with such ears
would, in most cases, prefer a retail
to a wholesale business.
A lady living near Troy has a
piece of soap supposed to be a hun?
died years old. Isn't it astonishing
how long souio pooplo can keep soap
in tbo house and never feel the
slightest tomptation to nso it ?
Gono lo mooi liiu undo on liifl
molhor sido, was an^bituary noticc
in a VYoulorn paper rcoeiilly.
Worth Smnira.?Yesterday afternoon
we looked over mi acre of oofcton
cultivated by Mr. J. M. Crawford,
which i? of wonderful growth.
Many of the stalks are five feet or
more in height, and the whole acre
of stalks is ladened down with bolls
tito d#olu? -? - -?? *
A HV DHIIA9 niV iivnrij mi proairaio
with the weight of the fruit. The
build grow iu great clusters, and
number from 50 to 75 and 100 bolls
I lie stalk. Tliey are nearly the
sizo of ordinary eggs, and have five
lobes, which is a great advantage
over tho common cotton. But for
the protracted drouth this summer,
Mr. Crawford bolieves he would
have gathered live bales ot cots
ton from this single acre, and exs
l>ecl 8 yet to cet three bales or morn
from it. The seed was bought at
an enormous figure, and is known as
the Cheatham cluster cotton ; but it
very evident that thoro was no
"cheat lira" in this bargain. We
will have a stalk on exhibition at this
office iu a day or two, but would ads
viao those who wish to see this wonful
cottou to call at the farm. Mr.
Crawford will have ilia ???<l a?la
when (ho proper time arrives, lie
informs us that Mr. Cheatham has
offered a $500 premium for the tar*
gest yield of this prolific cotton to
the acre, aud as all purchasers heard
from have not planted an acre or
have mot with unfortunate seasons,
wo indulge the hopo that Mr. Craw*
ford will be tbe fortunate winner
of the prize. XIo has other cotton
which, in consequence of tho drouth,
will not viold ovnr nn? r>t a
bale to the aero. Wo were pleased
to 8eo his otLor crops doing \vc!!,
only needing a little rain.?Columbia
Tub Most Powicukcl Wau Vessel
in tub World.?Tho British ironclad
Intloxiblo is noiv about one
fourth completed, work having Loon
begun upon hor ill February, 1874.
Unless tlio progress of invention rosalts
in the projecting of a still raoro
formidable engine ot marine warfure
befoi-0 iliO Inflexible is launched, she
will possess the tbfok<tt$ ftrmor, the
heaviest gans, the largest displacement
in IDDI, IUV I11UM uinvuinw J iu
the world, and probably prove more
f ?i -
ttxpvnsiv* Mao any oiuer war v#*
eel hitherto constructed. She will
uavo engines 'or steering, for loading
gun?, for hoistiug shot and shell, for
ventilation, for moving turrets lor
lowering boats, and for turning the
capstan as well as tor propulsion.
The vessel is little more than a float*
ing castle, rectangular above water,
100 feet long, by 75 feet width, and
protected by 24 inches total thickness
of iron. The two turret* which are
placed within the citadel are formed
of irou ol a single thickness of 18
inchcs, and within each of them are
two 80 tun guns, which can be train*
ed to any point of the compass. The
main eugines work up to 8,000 indi/inl
wti'.y.! L1V? fH) JWWUI j <11X14 IIIO iriillfttjlt)
carry 1,200 tnns of coal. Tbo total
cost of the vessel is plaoed at $2,G05,?
What Good Roai>b Do.?Good
rondfl bonofit ovorv ono rnflidinrr filnhc
^ ----o D
their coui'so. Good roads savoA horso
flosh ; llioy facilitato tho transporta-?
tion of produoo to market; they save
your teropor; thoy incrcano tho value
of your land; thoy lend attraotivenoss
to tho eye of a stranger; thoy inoreawo
the trr.ffio and business of o
town by its vitality Id all the varioua
bran olios of trade, Show us a town
whioh reoeivos a Urge country trade
by moans of the flue roads leading to
it, And we will show yon a place thai
is lively, progressive and thrifty, with
money circulating plenty, and men in
till brsnchos of industry as busy ai
Said ono man to another t "If I
wnnn't Sunday, how mnoh would yoi
i tuko for thai lumber ? "If it Wftsn'
i Sunday I'd tell you," was tho vorj
J prompt reply.
Gaum ov tkjb Was in Hbrzkqoviiva.?The
London Spectator, speaking
of the eiinsos which lod to tho ro
cor.t revolt in Hersegovina against
Turkish role, says:
"From village to Yillago, and from
(arm to fsrm, the Agas extond their
sinister march, assessing tho imposts
hy a calculation of tho tax payors'
resonrces under pressure, and onforcing
their payment on tho spot.
When tho cirttivntor is unablo or un
wining 10 moot tho oxigoncios of tho
Agno ho is summarily bound to a post
nnd boaton until ho finds somo means
of appoasing tho justice or cupidity of
tho Agas. If ho continues to provo
recalcitrant his harvest is cut down
and cartod awaj7, or his cattle driven
off by tho zaptiehs. This timo tho
tax collection was both moro difficult
and raoro burdensome than on roccnt.
occasions, in consoquonco ot tho Agas
endeavoring to mako tho romainimr
inhabitants pay up tho contributions
allogod to bo duo by tho 2,000 Christ
tian families, who over sinco tho sanguinary
outbroak of Moslom fanatic
oisiu last year havo boon refugees in
Montonogro, Sorvia and tho Anstros
Hungarian borderlands. Tho Horzos
govina peasantry had boon sorely
tried onough by tho lossos caused by
bad harvest and cattle plague during
the past soason to mako it a mattor of
extra hardship for them to satisfy tho
ordinary exaotions of the Agap.
When,however, they found that thoir
local tyrants expocted thorn to mako
good tho do6cioncios in tho yield of
tho imposts producod by tho flight of
the persecuted Rayahs, thoy woro
forcod into a dospointo situation,
which oasily suggested a desperate
roinody, and tbo vindictivoncBS of
tho Agas quickly added fuel to tho
fire that had already bo mauy comhuBtihlo
elements on which to feed.
Why Some Fkoi'lk auk Poou.?
Silver bj>ooii8 are used lo ecrapo
toft itAnnnc n.iwl aii!n.-?a ni-n
J , t~rr~. -..V.
loft to etand opon and loso their
Potatoes in the collar grow, and
tbo sprouts aro not removed until
the potatoes are worthless.
Brooms are nover hung up and
are soon spoiled.
Nice u?uuU*~fc&i??S ftro put into
hot water. ^
IPI.. d.... 1. .lii.J .. nlnfnl
xuu uuur is iiiwu 111 i? wnk^.1111
manner, and the bread pan is left
with ?ue dongli sticking to it.
Clotli03 are left on the Hue to whiv>
to piecee in the wind.
Tabs and barrels are left in tlia
snn to dry and fall apart.
Pried fruits ara not taken caro ot
in season and become wormy.
Rags, strings and papers ara
thrown into the fire.
Fork spoils for want of salt, and
beef because the bi iue wants scalding.
T)!4. 4 AmLI 1 11
JDIIO U1 UlCHt, 1 CgUlttUICH, UHU CIMU
puddings, aro thrown away, when
tlioy might bo warmed, steamed, and
served as good as new.
Wo frcquontly hoar women exclaim,
"I .wish I was a manbut,
my countrywomon, you novor ?a\v a
man who wishod ho was ? woman.
Which is an unanswomblo nrguinont
in favor of tho inferiority ot wo?
hollo, my dour I didn't hear you eonio
in. llavouchair. Sit down. Willi
an oyo on tho olivo branch, wo will
draw a different conclusion?which
in an unansworablo argument in favor
of woman's sufferings.?Rochester
KxsSenator E. G. Ross, of Kaunas,
is now ioroman of tho Lawronco Journal
componsinc room, and is in very
reduced oireumatanoos. Ho has written
an aeooanl ot the impcnchmcnt
1 trial of Andrew Johnson for tho Han1
nibal (Mo.) Ciippor.
L If you wish to toll good oggs, put
j tltoin in watery ii tho large ends
turn up, they aip not fresh. r4'hia is
j an infallible rulo to distinguish a
good egg froiu a bad one.
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