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/ THE PICKENS SENTINEL
DEVOTED TO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND TO THE GENERAL INTEREST OF THE COUNTRY.
VOL. Y. PICKENS, S. C? THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1875. NaT
I ; jJJJ l-L_l!Li Jl IPl J. J. ? - 1 1.AJ--? . . -
mi fl I | PI | I | | RnniCVN~Tlr> w ff?MT!tpa I m ' _
m rums sentinel.
*
I, F. BRADLEY, Editor and Proprietor,
PICKENS, S. C., SEPT. 1(5, 1875.
1 Terms of Subscription.
One Year ?] M
kjmm. 4 0
Advcrtisiiig Hates.
i- Advertisements inserted at (lie rate of $1 00
per square, of (9) nine lines, on less, lor tlie
first insertion, anil 50 cents for each subsequent
inset (ion.
Contracts made for three, six or twelve
months, on favorable terms.
Advertisements not having (lie number of
insertions marked on them, will bo published
until forbid and charged accordingly.
'Plm.n -? -> '
A???? >V>IUD OI? HO Ol III JMC miy UM 1 III lll!?y
understand thcia. Nino lines is a square?
one iuch. In every instance \vc chnrgc by
the apace occupied, aa eight or (en lines can
| be made to occupy four or five squares, as (lie
advertiser may wish, and is charged by tho
Bpnce.
oar Advorlisera will please state (lie number
of squares they wish their advertisements
to make.
Business men who advertiso to be
ucu?iiii?u, win near m minu inai tlio
8KNTINEL lias a largo and increasing cirf
culation, and is (aken by tlio very class of
persons whose trade they desiro.
Advertising Agents.
Tlio following tiro tho only author
izcd agents to roccivo advertisements
for this paper:
Goo. P. Itowcll & Co., 11 Patk How
Now York.
Walker, Evans & Cqgswoll, represented
by Roswoll T. Logan, Charleston,
8. C. \
Wo will accept cnsh-in-advanco of)
dcro from other agencies, at reasonable
ratos.
Wc can givo no advertisement pre I
_ ortinco in position,
California..?The people of this
State do almost everything on a
grand and big ecale. Tlio wlio.it
ciop averages twelve or fifteen million
bushels per annum ; the cattle
griizicru iwrnisli millions of beeves
each year; tlio cro,, of wool ex
ccc<ib torty millions ol pounds an
nually, netting e:glit or ton millions
dollars; tlio gold and silver mined
out of tlio bowels of tlio -earth and
coined at their mint amounted last
year to over $30,000,001), and since
tiui establishment of the mint n
grand total of four hundred an I
ninety million dollars. Now, in a 1
dition to thu. othui largo hotola, thjy
have commenced and neaily completed,
at San Francisco, tlio largest
hotel in the world. Tlio "1'alace
Hotel" covers over 90,000 equate
feet of land, is seven storios high,
the lower 6lory is twenty stive leet
and tho others fifteen (cet high,
mainly tiro-proof; tho walla aro of
Btono and brick, banded together
with irow; There arc three inner
courts,' iho ceni.ru unu r> carriage
drive, covered with glass and surrounded
with tropical plants, statuary
and fountains. The breakfast dining
ball, reception and other rooms aro
on a crnnd Rrmlo. Tim fotnl immlwi'
" O' : " * "v vv*"1 UWl
of rooms for the use of guesta id
ecvcn hundred and tifly-.five, with
throo hundred and fifty bath rooms.
Thcro aro over two thousand ventilating
tubca leading from the rooms
and halls to the roof, five elevators
Irofn the ground floor to the highest
story, (worked by hydraulic power,)
and eevon stairways.
M. D. (Jonway tolls of a lady in
?no of the manufacturing towns of
r\ . n .
, v*ruui i>ruam who recently had her
attention attracted to tlio window oj'
a milliner's shop i>y a beau ti tut and
rcry expensive French bonnet, and
sho inquired tlie prieo. Sho was
told it was sold. "Oh! 1 had no
idea of buying such an expensive
bonnet," said the lady ; upon wiich
the milliner said: "It is a jointBtock
bonnet?that it*, it belongs to
thrco factory girltf, who wear it by
turns on Sunday."
A New Mexico editor, in a forgetful
moment, the othor day, was so
I
imprudent ua to venture into liio
sanctum without having a six-shooter
with him. TliO coroner'a jury returned
a verdict of "deliberate sui- |
eide."
* : " *
Southern States aro not only strewn
with tho wrecks of political, sooial
and industrial systonis, but also with
tho w rocks of the good and groat old
families that camo down from colonial
nines ana contributed so many high,
historic diameters to illustrato and
adorn tho annals of tho now world.
Brokcnvdown families ! They aro in
overy city, county and neighborhood
of tlio South. Tho descendents of
statesmen, warriors and notable old
colonial antT revolutionary patriots
and gontlomcn aro, in numerous instances,
rcduced almost to beggary.
Take Virginia. Il is melancholy to
traco the dccadenco of those many
grand old families which have mado
noi* socmi 1110 uio admiration of all?
tho synonym of honor, refinement,
hospitality. Broken, scattered, impoverished
! Tho descendants ol
man}' of tho be8t pcoplo are in.want.
Now pcoplo?novi homines?lord it
ovor thorn and tlioy fool dooply liumiliatod.
Human naturo is human
nature, and thoso people feci that the}'
are in a falao position ; that thoso
who aro socially over them ought to bo
under thorn. Thoro aro young ladies,
of Iho host blood in tho land, who
have to exort their wits and exorciso
all their activities and cnorgics
to find means to keep up a barely respectable
wardrobe. School teaching
and sewing machines! Thoso aro
what they aro reduced to, and it is
noble in thom to avail thomeolves of
thoso rosourcus. VVo should bo thankful
to thoso occupations for giving
thom tho opportunity for such honornliln
iln.i'nlnmnniil. /-if' /-Im? ?*? ??
V.V| ~..W fV>VV,..
But what shall wo say of the young
inon ? .Some of thorn are talented,
mettlesome, liigh spirited lads, who
feel that tiny cannot work, and that
to'heg in a Hhamo, and so thoy />ii
down and do nothing. Thoy dream
away the aetivo period of lifo. Fortunately
there are othcra who havo a
more practical turn, and do not rest
until tfioy find something to do. They
start out with the determination to
find BOinu occupation, and overy
youth who does that will succecd
sooner or later.
Ono lliing is certain, ii tho brokendown
families of Virginia, and indeed
of tho whole South. are over to be ro~
cruitod nnd restored, that result in to
ho brought about by the industry of
the young?those from fiftcon to
thirty. They can do this if thoy will,
and surely there would bo no higher
duty.
Wo have in Virginia a population,
old and young, malo and fumnlo, rich
and poor, white and black, of moro
than a million and a quarter. Wo
nave our mnus, our cumaio, mo memunu
and tradition? ?h:*.f. have do-*
sconded from llio settlement of Iho
country. Wo hnvo in ovory county
of tlio commonwealth families of distinction
and culturo. True, thoy aro
poor and brokon down. Tho question
is, how aro their fortunos to bo mended
'( .llow aro thoy to bo restored'(
Ono thing is certain, railing at their
hard lot is not going to restore them.
w t .1 ???
hi/ liiu out uuu isiuunti n.'HH
people who have got above them will
do them 110 good. Go back to the past
and summoning up tho shades of
illustrious ancestors will bo of no
avail. Tho renaissance can only be
accomplished by work ?steady, persevering
work.
If a population of a million and a
/inni't ap in mi ???*/!
^un. vv? ?? ??? VIV* IUIV4 VOUU'IIDIIVU
commonwealth liko Virginia, who
owns llio lands, ho have farm anU
mals and utonsils ; who lmvo citioB to
tvudo with, ruilroads, rivors and ea>?
nals to transport their products to
market; who have churches and
schools; who l.avo all tho powers of
government?it such a population,
with such advantages, do not rise,
thoy do?orvo, liko Milton's angols, to
bo forovor tallon.
To tho hundrods of thousands of
thofio doscondonts of high brokondown
fumilios that are now bewailing
tlioir hard lot wo Hay, go to work !
To recruit and restore your fortunes
and your rank and prostigo do what
your ancestors did tooBtablish thorn?
go to work. In thoHo days all honest
[ work is rcepcctablc.? Richmond iVa.)
| Whig.
tub JLand of I'alkstinb.?Palestine
eita in sackcloth and ashes.
Over it broods the spell of a curse
that has withered its lields and fettered
its energies. Wbcro Sodom
and Gomorrah reared their domes
add towers, that solemn sea now
floods the plain, in whose bitter
waters no livincr thine nxistft?nur.>
CJ O v ' v?
whoso waveless surface tho blistering
air hangs motionless and doad?
about whoso borders nothing grows
but weeds and that treacherous fruit
that promises refreshment to parch\
ing lips, but turns to ashes at the
touch. Nazareth is forlorn. About
iho ford of Jordan, where the hosts
? t T 1 - - ? 1
<ji jLuruui entered mc promised land
with songs of rejoicing, 0110 finds
only a squalid camp of fantastic
Bedouins of the desert ; Jericho, the
accursed, lies a mouldering ruin today,
oven as Joshua's miraclo left it
more than three thousand years ago ;
Bethlehem and Bethany, in their
poverty and humiliation, have noth*
ing about them to remind one that
they OUCO knew lllO llirrh linnrn- r>?
- n-- Vl
the Savior's presence ; tlio hallowed
spot where the shepherds watched
their flocks, and where the angels
sang "Peace on cai th, good will to
111011," is untenanted by living creatures,
and unblessed by any leaturo
that is pleasant to the eye. Renowned
Jerusalem itself, tlio stateliest
name in history, has lost all its
ancient grandeur and has become a
pauper village ; the riches of Solomon
ai'O no lohJrer tlmro In p.mimul
r> - f"*
the admiration of oiiental queens;
tho wonderful temple, which was
the pride and glory of Israel, is gone,
and tho Otioiuen crescent is lifted
above the spot where, on that memorable
ground of the world, they
roared the holy cross. .
The noted Bea of Galilee, whore
Roman fleets onco rude at anchor,
and digciples of the Savior sailed in
their ship, was long deserted by the
devotees of war and commerce, and
its borders are a silent wilderness ;
Capernaum is a ehadeloss ruin
\ f i i . . -
luugcaia is tiic iiuino of the beggared
Arabs; IJetlisaida and Churazin
have vanished from iho oaitli, and
tlic "desert places" round about
them, where thousands of nun oneo
listened to the Savior's voice and
uto the miraculous broad, Bleep in
the hush ut'a solitude that is inhabited
only by birds of prey and skulking
foxes.
i'alestino :e dcsolalo and unlovely.
But why shouId it bo otherwise?
Oan tho curso ol a Deity beautify a
land ?
Tho Atlanta Commonwealth says:
Wo learn that tho negroes hereabouts
again have tho emigration fever.
Thoy aro now simmering to go to
Mississippi. A man from that State
is out herb now, working around to
get up a crowd 10 loilow him back,
llo is a preacher, and made Ihia emigration
question llie topic ot his discourses,
deliv crcd at somo of the negro
churches of thin place last Sunday.
lfo holds out very Mattering
inducements to his brethren to follow
him, by assuring them that they can
make a great deal more out thoro
than they can here, lie has gono
down the Georgia Railroad in pursuit
of this bushiest;. We undoi-stund
j that that tlicro aro about 150 from
Atlanta and tho country between
hero and Stono Mountain, who are to
go out lo Mississippi this iall. They
aro to wait hero until their crops aro
gathered and disposed of, and thou
leave.
A Detroit boy was sont tor a doc*
tor, i;is mother being very ill, when,
looking down tho street, ho saw a
1 I 'Plw - . I
grunt uiuwu. A IIUII uuiiiu ;i bini^io
between duly and curiosity, but lie
finally started for tlie crowd, saying :
4M be old la-ly's pretty badly oil", but
I know alio wouldn't want ino to
mils that Hglit."'
SUICIDR OF A DlSTINOUIHIIEJ) MUSICIAN.?U.
C. Hill, who committed
Buicido at his residenco ui Patcrson
N. J., on Thursday last, has been
idon-tified with interests in .New York
for tho last half century. Ho was
born in Boston, and took his first lc.s-?
son tlioro. Coining to Now York, lie (
continued his studios horo. Atyor
completing thorn, hogavo lossons upon
tho violin and piano, llo bccamo a
popular teachor, and was a leader in
everything connected with music at
that time. Tho only musical associa.
tion that was at all prominent was
I l.? "\T V -
iiiu ii?w l uric eacrcu music society,
of which Mr. Hill was conductor.
Tho old standard oratorios, tho "Messiali,"
"Creation" and others woro the
favorite pieces. Tho concerts woro
givon in tho old Chatham Street
chapel. In 1835 ho wont to Europo
in company with Mr. Pfciflfor, who
was a fellow worker with him in nil
his efforts to advance tho study of
muuic in Now York. After staying a
? : t 1-~ *r ?
o.wiu hiiivj in jjuiiuuii iur. xii11 went
to Cassol to Btudy under Louis Spohr,
the colobratod violinist and composer,
who at that time was musical direo
tor at Iho Court thoatro in Casscl.
Mr. Hill remained in Europe about
two years and a half, and thou returned
to Now York, whero ho rc*>
Burned tho practico of his profession.
Music had not advanced much during,
his absenco. Anthony KoilY and /his
brothor wore the only bassoon players
111 tuu city, possiuiy in tho counliy.
The first bassoon which was ovor
hoard in tho United States was played
by Anthony HoifTs brother in the orchestra
of iho Park theatre in 1817.
Tho Philharmonic society was tho
pridoof Mr. Hill's lilo. Ho was its
l?iosi?oni lor in any yoars, and played
lirst violin in l!ic orchestra up to two
years ago, when his ago mado ncccsBary
his removal from tho post. This
removal, addod lo pecuniary cmbarrasmonts
which grew on him with
ago, preyed upon his mind. Ho was
never tho samo'man afterwards. Ho
had nover been a careful man with
his money, and ho found it more and
moro dillicnlt to gain pupils. JIo was
not quito up to tho annroved moi.hn/1
of teaching tlio piano and violin.
Difficulties began to press upon him
sovercly. llo was recently employed
as one ono of the extra force in the
orchestra at Wallack's thoatro, during
tho .engagement of Miss Mathews.
Tho forco was diminished, and Mr.
Hill was ono of thoso who wcro diss
charged. ILo at onco set to work to
arrango lor tho giving of a concert by
his daughter at tho Tabernaclo in
Jorsoy City, on October 13. Ho was
unsuccessful in socuring tho co-oporas
tion of other musicians. This was a
great, disappointment to him, as^ he
had great hopos in his daughter, and
?..,o ..i,... i.~
?* :> mi Aiwun 1UI 11 Ui
Late on Tliursdaj' night, after giving
his daughter her lesson, ho took morphine,
from the cfleets of which ho
died on tho following day. The following
letter, which was found in his
room, explains tho act and gives some
indication of the unsettled state of his
mind at tho time:
New VoUK,Septomber, 1875.
I My Deau Wife, Mus. Lucie CI.
?The filial climax scorns at
hand. Li' it must como, the sooner the
hotter. For my part I am demoralized,
and I feel like a drone about tho
huuso. I am aged, discouraged, etc.
Strong fears of losing our plaeo, which
is almost euro to happen unless something
turns up very soon in tho way
of an income. There are scores of
other things that havo hcon driving
mo towards my final doom, and I am
at timos crazy, mortified and chagrined
beyond conception. So long
has boon my ovory Iciiul of agony and
fluttering that it must one! with ino
very soon. Why should or howTan
a man exist and bo poworloss to oarn
moans for his family '( I Imvo tried
long and hard enough to do so?"I'd
rather bo a toad" than livo so?if I
am driven out if will not hu my built
l!?. .1 .. I ? .... 1 I I * i
uiiinuij. it/ win ii-iivu you wini new
liopoe, ami poihapn, hopes that stand
a clianco to ho realized, and I shall
not bo a harden upon. you. To live
| and be a beggar and a ftlavo in little
ton m 11 nl> 4nv t I
ivi iibu, uuiu^ur x uiii lill OIU
man. Look flit all of us. Is it not
heart rending to contomplato? Ha!
Ila! I go. Tho sooner tho hotter.
O! moreiful Fnthor, tako good care
of my wife and family. Blessings on
all that have dono for mo. My ptay*<
ers havo boon offered up to my heavenly
Father for his son's sako, and
will be to my last, for the forgiveness
! of tnv onlv irrimt. ?in Imi .1
^ iT." ) ?" J Ul VIIIU
I Father knows how much I have boon
sinned against, and ho will judgo ma.
j My best lovo to our dear Ida. May
you and God protect her. Jiovo to
Abbic and my dear boys?bless them.
Ever affectionately, U. C'. Hii.t,.
Mr. Hill was throughout his lifo a
very temperate man. Jle was Iwico
married, and leaves throo children by
his second wife. As ho was in no
senso a lusincss man it is feared that
liis family will be left in a distressing
j-situation. Tho funeral takes placo to
(lay.?New York Herald.
Strangr Story of an Ex-Confkd.
? A travel stained pedestrain, who
gave his name as Johnson, passed
through tliis placo Friday last, lie
was badly crippled, and apparently
in very indigent circumstances. In
re*-ponce to certain inquiries propounded
by several porsons, whoso
charitable oilices he solicited, ho re^
lated a strange story, which, if true,
embraces a sad personal experience,
as well as a notaclo instance of oflis
cial presumption. His narrativo
was, in substance, as follows :
lie was a nieinber of John Mors
gana famous command in 18G2, and
in a skirmish near Murlroeaboro*, in
that year, was badly wounded,, and
tell in the hands of the federal troop*
Immediately after his capture, he
was sent to Jl?ek Island, a prison of
bitter memory, whero ho remainod a
hoi pleas cripple until tho close of tho
war, when, instead ofboing diaclmrs
ged, he was transferred to tho Jeff.
Davis Hospital in Marion county,
Ohio, whero ho remainod until a few
weeks ago. Ilia detention in tho
H?r? I- ' ( I
JflLlUi lO bUU Oil |'i\( t UJ
tlie story, ilia wounds wore of such
u nature as to rondcr hi in ontiroly
helpless, and being uuablo to 'work
ho was a inero iiiciunbranee to tho
establishment, lie claims, howovor.
that his detention was duo to tho tact
that the keeper of the hospital ros
eeived a liberal stipend from tho
Government tor his board, and as
there was quite a number of disabled
Confederate boldiors quartered in tho
same establishment, under similar
circumstances, it was manifestly to
to tho interest of that oflioor to rotain
tlicm. During his couftuomcnt
in tlie hoBpital, he, in common with
his follow prisoners, was not allowed
to'communiciUo, by writing or otherwise,
with tho outside world, and
his letters to friends and relatives
were invaiibly intercepted by tho
hospital authorities. A tow weeks
ago lie regained the use of his limbs,
ami the iirst use he made of them
was to leave the hospital and strike
out for Tennessee. Ilavind no
money he svaa forced to travel oil
toot, and trust to the charitable for
subsistunco. lie succeeded in reach
iug this place without sniftering lor
food, but his general conditiiion was
anything but enviable* lie told his
story in a quiet, earnest way, that
enlisted the sympathy of all who
hoard it, and aa ho gavo an accurate
his'ory of hit} command np to tho
dato ot his capture, and displayed a
familiarity witi) tlio characters ot
several who bclongod to it, winch
must luivo grown out of a personal
acquaintance, his elatomonta wore
reocivod without the figurative grain
ol bait, llo says that two citi/.una of
this county ? David Huggerly and
Lundcss?aro at picsunt conlined
in thu hospital inentionod, and
tin; latter claiming to ho u son ot
It s?i} Jvdlidess. Wis do not urnlnml
I tv tay tliiit Johhnsun'B 8toi y ia worI
thy ot crcdci.ci', hut it is certainly
I pUusiblu enough tu awaken inveHti
gat ion. At any rato^ the man, aa
woil rts his narrative, enlist tho so-<
lions attention of several of our
prominent citizens, ami at their suggestion
we give publicity to both.?
Fayottsville, Tenn., Express.
kaimioatr Aonoss the Atlantic.?*
A railroad across tho Atlantic is on
tlio list of OOSaibiliLiftH for <I?a Inline
A " " V"V ?"fcU? V
achiovomcnt of Bcionco. Many j'ears
ag6 a civil onginoor road a paper
boloro tho French Acadcmy suggesting
snbmarino railways. His theory
was that at a certain depth of tho'
ocean?a hundred fathoms or moro?
far bolow any agitation from Burfaco
storms, tho water is of such density
(!...) < ' '
mui, uoming in uiuuier iorm, wiiatover
tho weight, can possibly sink.
Having thus mado a .foundation in
tho very bowels of old Neptuno, ho
proposes to .sink a continuous lino of
immense iron tubes?after fho man-*"
nor" of tho rocont cable laying?in
which a cloublo track railway could
bo laid between Capo Cloar, Ireland,
and Capo Kaco, Newfoundland, and
thus trains go booming through, to
tho constornation of tho oca serpent
and tho mortal terror of tho big and
liltlo fishes. Tho onlj' really soriouw
objection to his porjoct that tho ongw
noor of this doop-soa schonvo could
thon see, was tho suffocating oflfects
of tho smoko from the locomolivcfi ;
and it this could bo ovorcomo then
tho grand ocoanic railway only rex
quirod the nccessary construction
capital to enter upon its enreor of
"succcsaful oxporimont," vhich he
duly figured out upon tho profits of
tlio ainplo traffic between tho two
worlds. Now, tho aforesaid "soienlitio
objection" has already disappeared
in the smoke con Burning en-gino
of modern invention, to say
nothing of tho '"Keely Motor." Can
this capital question bo as oasily
solved if Wlvo will form tho oompany^
ami who will take the shares '(
Doath from lightning is said to bo
painless. Tho roaspn of this, as ox-*
plained in a Uto number of ono of
our monthly magazines, fa that tho
nervos of tho human body do not
convey a sensation of pain instantly
to tho norvo centers, and we aro killed
before wo know what has happened.
It appears, however, that boingstruck
by lightning, but not quito killed, is
by no means painless. Ono Mr. Cus->
i tlo, a Michigan farmor, was struck by
ligntning reconuy wimo m ins Darn.
ILifl horses wove killed, but ho mvoko
to tlio consciousness of tho most intonso
suffering, ospociafly in liislowor
limbs. Tho pain was liko that of it
burn, and heaftorwvrd said ho thought
ho could not liavo sulFerod moro than
ho did for an hour if ho had bocn in
tho Haines. Nearly ten hours elapsed
boloro he could movo his limbs, and
tho symptoms iridicatod somo injury
to the bones. IIo has now nearly recovered.
4^
Wo find tho following in tho Atlanta
Ilorald of Tuosday. Wo un
dorstand, from \v)mt wo regard aa rc*
liahlo authority, that Gon. Jos. K.
Johnston lias beon appointed arid has
accoptod tho position of Commandorin^Chief
of the nrmy of army of
Kgypt. Only a Hhort tiiuo sinco,and
for the third tiino, was ho tondoacd
tho position. This time it was urged
upon him so strenuously that ho afc
length consented, unci in making his
preparations to go over and assume
his position immediately. Ho is to
get *100,000 to prepare himself uu
oil I (it, and iH to receive tho Bum of
$25,000 annually lor having supremo
control of tho Khedive of Egypt.
Liohtnino Time.?Tho ninth and
closing trip of tho Now York Herald's
"lightning train'1 to Niagara
Falls was made on Sunday last, and
was signalized by tiio indulgence in
an excursion over tho route of roprc-*
sontativeB from tho papers in New
York upon the invitation of tho maun
agera ol tho Herald, The run from
Koehester to Palmyra, (ilty-oiglifc
inilos, wan made in filty-livo minutun,
and between llatavia and IhtlTalo a
portion ol tho dintnncO was run at
the extraordinary ralo of Rovent}'tivo
miles an hour, while tho whole
run, thirty-livo milod, was made in
thirty minutes.

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