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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, September 23, 1875, Image 1

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"THE PKOKENS SENTINEE'2'
3 8 I'l X i J ' DWVOTED TO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND 10 THE GENERAL INTEREST OF THE COUNTRY.
??? - ~~ ?---r --- : ~ 1 ? : ;.!? ?* ;? ? ? . . - i ? J.-'t'fr * __
YOL. V. PICKENS, S. C, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1875. NO. 4.
wessseeasLA ! u * i?:?1 .J .) i i -jjuj-UiLiil-ii.? -i l. 1._ , _ * ... ?imAtiili. j
Q1 1 0 1' I making money out of them. lie ha(j | if he did not got ont of tho wnv it I If. Porrv. John Fomr..on? r? n I -n
iu6 uy^yus^yuwQBi.
IB, f. BRADLEY, Editor and Proprietor,
PICKENS, S. C., SEPT 23, 1875.
Terms of Nub.seriptioH.
-WWSix,
Months . ?v 76
* ArtvWtfaing ttnicH.
Advertisemcntsinserted at the rate of $1 00
per square, ot (V) nine lines, on i.kss, for the
first insertion, and 50 ccnts for each subsequent.
inset tion.
Contracts made for tiirkk, six or twklvr
.months, on favorable terms.
Advertisements not having the number of
insertions morked on th?m, will bo published
unt(l forbid and charged accordingly.
These terms are so simple any child may
understand them. Nine lines is a square?
*bne inch. In every instance we charge by
the space ( .oupied, as eight or ten lines can
be made to occupy foqr or five squares, as (lie
advofttl<5"f'H5ay wish, nud is chnrgcM by the
space.
r fj-T!? nuivrmvra will J.ienSB SIHIO U1C number
of squares they vrisli their advertisements
o make.
S>ST Busiuess men who advertise to bo
benefitted, will bear in mind tlint the
SENTINEL has a largo and increasing circulation,
and is taken by the very claws of
persons whose trade tlicy desire.
Advertising Agents.
Tho following are the onh/ author
tzed agents to roccivo advertisements
for this papor:
Geo. P. Howell & Co., 41 Pat k Row
#'Kcw York.
Walker, Evans & Cogswell, represented
by Indwell T. Logan, Charleston,
3. C. ,
Wo will rtecopt cash-in-advanco orders
from otlior agencies, at rensona ble
ralftg. ? ~ ~
Wo can give no advertisement profereneo
in position,
mm Address.
' At a mooting of tho Richmond
Comity Grange, at Augusta, Ga.
Inst Saturday, there were several
addresses delivered by prominent
'gentlemen, among whom were Col.
1).^ AVyatt Allien. Wo fnaUo tlio
following extracts from hie addrefes.
Tlic Hue ideas, upon whi.ch ilio
Grange was-first organized, \va?, first,
tho St eioi ulcrt. It\>: iginatod wi:h a
man n:>. SiJIESl V ill ?villtll ("!:l I-Iil I I i 11
^ rz~"j 1 "v y"" i
who was iljo candidate of I lie peojdu ^
of that Sialic and wished to devise i
soino means to bring about a s-jcial ;
intercourse. lie ep'olce of t when lie
went back to Washington, and a wo
_ ^4 _1 i I i - * ?
man bujjjjjes'.ou mo ioi mauoil ot I he
present Patrons pf Husbandry. Tho
litt>t idea was social advantages ; the
second, educational advantages grew
out of it. And don't tho tanners
want education ? How many farmers
aro there who are arable to oven
write their own names. When tho
war come on, young moir loft tho
school houses and r>a.trin?i?ftllv wnnt
j mj .. V
into tLe Confederate army. When
the war ceased nnd the whole conns
*tijr wits bioken up, these men hud
to go to work and let education alone.
Now the Grange proposed to give
these men an opportunity to educate
themselves. They woro obliged to
study, thoy wero obliged to read.
They could take agricultural works.
A farmer who did not take agiicuU
tnral works was like ft bander who
did not keep hie accounts in books.
Well, if tho Qrnngo gives yon social
dvantages; it it educates you and
your children, is not that admirable,
does not that do all you auk I lint
in addition, theio is the co-operative
idea that saves your money, that
' puts money in your pocket. Why ,
((0 to a merchant to buy plows, \\ hy (
' iiot go to the'man that makes them i t
iiut iako it for granted that you
C....... ?lwv -t AT.....
uuj iii/iii iiiu iiiwi witvilb. XUII j'^ i ID
bim to buy u Iirinloy plow. lie
asks you $G. But if you l.uy six ho
Sells thcin at $0. There in t ho whole,
bale idea. The uuiue it* ciouo by cooperation.
Suppose again you go to
. the niannfacluror. lie sells you one
for $6 or six for lour each. Thero
you uttvo jiguii; ; wnorover mere is
' Cd~ojjoratlof> you Crtu buy what you
wan* at u living price. Yun go by
.'railroad fctations unci you Bee nice
houoCB going np. Ninety-nine times
out of a hundred these aro not built j
by tbo farmers, but by rnou who arc 1
on bis lartn to day wagons whieli
ho qad bought three years ago at
$70 for tenants. Twelve months ago
he bought the eame kind at $50 each.
TT/? 1 - -' -*
JLAV> v mi LOiCU il blll^lU cur lib JLMI\
btique, Iowa, tlmt laid the wagons
down at Greenville at $5 each.
Three years ago the freight was $10
eaoh. The Grange said pay cash
for everything. It was credit that
was mining the counti'y. lie conld
go to Augusta and buy hay at twenty
livo cents less per hundred for cash
than he could for credit. Thcro are
probably men in this hoti3o who
havorglven mortgages on their crops
or farms for Hour. Tliey pay $12
whilo I pay $3, cash, per barrel. A
mortgage of iliis kind reminds him
more of tho old nigger pass than anything
olso. This mortgage system
was the ruination of tho whole country.
The cotton crop wasn't a pay
lllg UIIU j 1L IUUK IUO lUIIg lO IDUKQ 1C.
The num who fo)l>ws out the idea of
diversifidc industry will never sco a
month in the year that ho doscn't
have something to soil. It will bo
corn, or butter, or a pig, or mutton*
or something else. W o have tho
best labor in the country. Some
men isilk nhniifc f.lin nnnfi?iiiuln<l
? 'V vvtiiVIIIIVIVU 111*1n
ger. Lot tlieni go to tho Northwest
and look at tho whito labor. The
labor hero is infinitely better. Do
yon hear anything about strike* in
tho South? Never. And tlioy coiuo
as regularly as tho equinoxes in tho
North. The best labor in tho world
is right here, but it is pot utilized
now. The Grange proposes to utilize
it. Thoie isn't an acre in Georgia
that, if it is plowed up and let alono
will yield not tr.oro money from the
hay cut from it tlian c:ui he made
oil' it from planting cotton, (jo at it
systematically. There ien't a man in
Georgia who 11ns an aero of red land
who can tell him what it cost to
make wheat 011 ii. it cost nothing
hnt the wo;u ami tear of musclo.
There is mure money in your pocket
iruiii mo pro nieWon *. ! wheat than
cotton. If they would take hits advice
they would plant this fall ono
acre in whn.it for every child and
live acres lor every mule, and then
plant a3 much cotton as they pleased.
The Northwestern farmer is always
pleased hecnuso ho had enough bread
There is more money in t'10 South
tl.nn ?t.? XT ...?l i. W .11 I
IIIUII IIIU llUi bliWVHl. X' OllOW 1118
plan and ono of every four mules
can bo discarded. What is tho necessity
of planting corn to feed mules
when they can bo fed on oats, which
cost less ? lie feeds his mules on oats
and his family on wheat. Ground
that won't make wheat will bring
crab grass hay that will sel 1 lor more
than timothy.
What wo want is free trade, an
abolition of tariff. Whilo tho constitution
of the Patrons prohibit politic*,
it is the most powerful political
lever in tho country, because it educates
tlio masses. Tho bottom rail
mis neon on lop long enough, but ere
long tilings will he turned to|?sy turvey
and matters righted. lieforu
the next five years the Patrons ot
Husbandry will control Congress.
His hoarors had no idea of tho mngnitudo
of tho ordor. Why last year
Bonding oft at ono timo agricultural
documents-to Granges took $1,600 for
stamp*. Another instanco. Ho had
Llll UlUUl 1UI UIIIYU9, 21111.1 WUili/ IU l'UU "*
field to sco what a manufacturer
would noil thom knives for. What
will you niftko us 1,000 lor? Raid ho.
"Sixty cents apioco." "What will
you muko 6,000 for?" "Kilty coots
apioco." "What will make 10,000
fori"' "Thirty seven and a hall conts
upioco." "What will you roako us
20,000 for?" "Sou lioro, Mistor,"
said tho astonishod manufacturer
"you miiHt dual in nothing but Univod.
Tho liillo uicayuno merchant who
waft nVaid tho Gran go would fnjuro
him, muet got out of tho way. Tho
groat Juggernaut oar of tho Patrons
l>1" Husbandry was coming along, and
would crush him. Col. Aiken concluded
amid storms of applauso.
The Greenville Conspiracy.
8iikhiff southern's 8tatkmknt.
Sjjhhiff's Officn, Sept. 18.
To Editor News?As 80 much has
been said about tho Grcouvillo conspiracy,
as the Union Ilcrald terms
it, 1 have thought proper to give to
tho public tho lull statement as to
how tho information was obtainod
concerning the nuuder ot Dr. Shell
from Parks and Sullivan. In tho
month of Parks wna committed
to the Greenville jail by J.
JL5. Sherman, trial justice, f v vio~
lating a contract; a few days after
lie was committor! to jail, I received
a message from Sullivan, to come
and see him in the jail, as lie wanted
to see me on particular business. I
went to the jail to sec liim, and ho
seemed to be very much elated, and
told uie that one of the party that
murdered Dr. Shell, was then in hia
cell, and that lie had a conversation
with him about tl.c matter. I asked
Sullivan the name of the j arty, and
ho told me it was Parks, and that
ho had lived in Lain ens lor many
ycat's?I then appointed the next
morning to see Parks, and left tl??
jail at that time?at that timo there
were two others con lined with Parks
and Sullivan in the same cell, by
the namo of Pink Smith and Charles
Means. I at onco sought an inters
view with them, and questioned
them concerning the conversation
between Sullivan and Parks, about
the murder, and if they had heard
thorn conversing about it?they told
uio that they had heard them speaking
of the murder, and that Parka
said ho una with the party thatimu>
tiered Dr. Shell, and that ho had
been compelled to go with them to
the place that was designated fur the
murder to be committed, and named
over several ?. f the parties concerned.
Amongst them was Tuxbery,
Adam Crowe, Dolt and others,
1 I L A ! . r\ 1 I
iuiu uiixi ivuum urcws nau |>aiu nun
twelve dollaislbr what ho had dune,
and that Joseph Crews had afterwards
taken tho amount trom liiin,
and had mistieatod him generally.
I then the next day went to tho jail
and saw Parks?1 asked him about
what had been said in tho coll concorning
tho murder between him
and Sullivan, and ho at fust hpni.
tated. I said to him if he kuow
anything about the uiurdor of his
own knowledge, I would liko for
him to tell me about it, and after a
few minutes lie told mo that ho was
there, and with the party that com-,
nutted the crimeKgiving mo the particulars
and the names of tho panics
concerned, lie said to me that ho
hild l.iuMi fumimllful Jo i?n tlimn'
4 ? f-,- ......
that they had threatened his lite it
lie did not go, and that Adam Crews
told hint with a p.oiul at his head
that if lie ever divulged a word ab;>ut
the mutter that ho would bo killed.
When I went to leavo tho jail he
asked ine it Mr. Aloseley did not
live in town. I told him that he
did. ile asked 1110 to toll Mr.
Moseloy to como down, that ho know
Mr. Mosoloy, uud that ho would toll
him all about tho mutter, that ho
(Mosoloy) know all tho parties and
was well acquainted with tho plaoo
tho murder was committed at. I im-?
iinwl i?i I i\\\r unnl XI ? \f
I1VIIV IVk Uli i AIAWOVJlUJr IIU
camo to my <>iliuo. I told him what
lnul boon mud by Sullivan and l'avks,
Smith and Moans?and that Paries
wanted to hoo him. Moaoloy wont to
tho jail and saw J'ai kn, and ho mado
his Btatemont to Air. Moeoloy Ircoly.
After tho ntntoniont had boon miulo
by Ta'-ks to. ABli Moholoy,
I ?onL to Luutonn fyr Mi;, VVabhingtou
Shell, brotnor ol .Dr. filioll, and wroto
hiui what discovorieB bad boon made
in regard to tho mtfrddr of his brother
l>v Pjirkft. Ha imirinflift?Al?
^ ? T y VIIII^V iw
Urconviilo, and myself ami Sholl,
to^othor with Mr. Moselcy, Col. \Y.
J I - J V/.
Dendy and Y. E. MoBce, wont to tho
jail to soo Parka, and lot Sholl hear
what ho had to say. Parks eocmcd
to bo glad to have tho opportunity to
rOliovo his mind of tho groat burden,
and commenced at onco to toll his
part in the murder, as has boon above |
Stated : tllOIK/li''' linlnvn 1??
moncotl to mako his Rtatomont, Mr.
Sholl said to him that ho wanted him
to toll tho truth, and nothing but tho
oorrcct laots which ho know himsolf.
As for any 0110 having made
throats, or promises to either Stilli
van or Parks, ia eortainlv fnUn hi
uay own knowledge. T/ie statement
was first made to mo, nnd if any
blame attaches to any ono at all, it
mnst bo to rnysolf. I gavo tbo information,
as I havo said before, to
Shell?thinking it right; and it waa,
most assuredly, my duty to report
it, i\8 nil clliccr. Persona knowing
ine, know thftt it is not my disposi~
tion to "persecute," or to allow it to
be dono wlioti I can prevent it. If
oitnh linrl Knnn oMaimh^a/I !?? * '
UU VII U(%V4 UWVII HHU1U J'LUVI 111 1111$ I
case, I most certainly would Imvo
known it, and stopped it immediately.
No, tho aflidavita published j
in tlio Unionstlorald are false, and
tho party who got them up knew it
at tho timo that thoy woro made.
I euro nothing for tho base and
false charges made against me, and
I am euro tho people know them to
be false in evory particular.
This is a full statement of how tho
so-called conspiracy comtncnced and
ended.
J. L. Soutiikrv,
CI n *? ^
ouei in ureenvuie uounty.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,)
Grkknvillk County. j
Personally appeared before mo
Charles Means, who being duly
sworn, deposes and says, that ho
was committed to the common jail
of Greenville county, and was confined
in tlio eaine cell with Wright
Sulliuan, Albert Parka and Pink
Smith ; was confined lor the offense
of road defaulter ; during that time
I heard a conversation botweeu Albert
Parks and Wright Sullivan
concerning the murdor of Dr. Shell
in Laurens county in 18G8. Albort
Parks told said Sullivan, that lie,
Parka, was with the cownpauy who
killed Dr. {Shell, that Shell was the
fir^t man killed, and that a hoiee
was shot irom under another man,
but ho did not kuow whether anybody
else was killed or not; that
when Shell was killed, the attacking
party got scattered, and did not get
together until the next day ; that
tboy got together in the town of
Laurens about 12 o'clock tho next
day. Said lie (Parks) got about
twelve dollars for big services, others
of the party got paid also. Somo of
tbe party got as high as sixty dollars;
all got something.
Deponent further says that ho
was in jail when Albert Parks made
his statement to Mr. Southern and
Mr. Mo8ely, and he is euro no ^o
loncc or harshness, or inducements
of any kind were made to the said
AI bur t Parks to induce him to mako
the statement he did mako about the
murder of Dr. Shell.
Sworn to, and subscribed beforo
me, thitt the 10th day of Soptonibor,
1875.
his
fUIAltl.KY X MEANS.
mark.
C. T. lloi'KINB, T. J. G. C.
Profanity never d id any man tho
i * l M....... ?i.? ..:?i
lUUSt JJUUU. IHdll 10 IIIU I 1CIPJI ,
or liaj>picr, or wiser, lor it com*
mends no ono to auv society. It is
disgusting to the retiued ; nbomiuublo
to the good ; insulting to those
wiih wliom wo associate; degrading
to tlio mind \ unprofitable; nocdlc?3
and injurious to society.
jL'roin Alio vvorkihg Uhristain.
My Will?As far baok ns I Can f
remember, it lias be6n customary at I
protracted meetings, Unions and Associations
to appoint one brother to
preach and another to closo. In most
instances tho word preach eeoms to
have boon 1
_ ?.<tiv?vi >Y iiuuiur L11U
etloit to attain to its definition was
succohbIuI or not ; but almost invariably
the meaning of tlio word close
lms boon misunderstood. In my lexicon,
when used in the ab >vo connec
tion, it means to end, finish, con-*
elude, complete, and to bring to a
period,?not to rnd or finish the sermon
which has just been preached,
i but the religious services in which
I the congregation has been engaged ;
I n.wl lt.tr. 11- i '
U1ID IO HUMUI illlj UOIIO oy 61Ilg'
I ing, prayer and tho benediction.
On tho contrary, moBt preachers
j think that allusion is had to tho sermon,
and, instead of closing the oxI
ei cisc3, they procood to closo or fins
ish the sermon, as it the brother who
preceded had just got tho framework
arranged. And how does, he
do it i Bv putting down a part of
tho floor. Thon ho pirts on a few
shingles, and perhaps somo of the
weather boards, all of which requires
a great doal of iimo but does not
afford allelic". Instead of closing up
tho framo'work of tho sermon, he
most genorally tears it to pieces and
scatters the mutorial in such a manner
that no one is ablo to collect it
again.
Many good sermons havo boon
complotly ruined, from a human
standpoint, in this way. Isn't it
natural to suppose that tho preacher
has finished his own ucrmon wlion
ho has worked on it a week ? Is it
natural .to suppose that another
preacher could linish it better in a
few moments of time than tho ono
v*he gives a week'* thought to it?
T.?f ?.? i.~ l? 1 1
UUV IMV ViUlll|IIUUUIl UU UilUj guuu LIT
inditleront, tlio house Unit is finished
needs no other workmen fur tho
present.
lint again, I think that tho coin
grogatiou deserves a great deal of
crodit, forthoro are times when endurance
nndor adverse circumstances
ceases to be a virtue. However, tho
good brother who is.to close does not
think of thi?, nor docs ho consider
tlili f?U!t that. millfrt-J moil nnrl
(5 """
women heavier and benches harder*
For one hour more he goe3 on after
the regular sermon baa boen preached,
repeating tho samo thing that
has been said oy something else that
could have been said in ton minutes,
and which, uiaybo, would have had
a better efleet if not said at all.
From twenty to thirty-flvo minutes
is long enough for any sermon
except on a few occasions. Thcros
foro, that tho sermon may havo tho
desired effect and that tho conirres
gation may not bo punished, lot tho
brother appointed refuse to closo tho 1
sermon. Ho may closo tho exercises
by ringing, &o.
1 am liko tho man who scut for a
lawyer to writo his will. Tho lawyer
having coino asked him what ho
owuod. uNothing in tho world," ;
said tho man; "not oven this bod on |
which I am. But I have six chil
dren, ami i want-to will thorn ten i
thousand dollars apicco." "But,
sir," said tlio lawyer, "how can you ,
will tliein that amount if you have
nothing?'' "Why," said t'uo man,
' it id my w ill that they shall make
it before they die."
I have no authority to forbid the
closing ot sermons, but it in my will
that it be done, whether tlio will
effect this end or nut. Cacius.
l'ort ll^yal Railroad, August 21,
I 1875.
4 . ??
A boy in Jamaica was driving a
mule; the animal was sullen; stopped
and turned his arcliod nock upon the
boy ae it' in derision and contompt.
"Won't go, will yon ? Feel grand do
you ? 1 guo88 you forgot your fatlior
\vati a jackass."
Folby'b Status of Stonkwai.l
Jaokbon.?Tho steamship Nora
Scotian, which roached Baltimore
from Liverpool on the lOlh in6t.,
brought Foley's bronze Statue of
Gon. Thomas J. Jackson, the cole
b rated Con federate leader, presented
to the State of Virginia by Hon.
Boresford Ilope, member of Parliament,
anc" othor English gentlemen.
A. descry ion of tlio statno is a<*
follows: V.\o (iguro is of heroic
Bisw, erect and noble ; head uncov*
erod ; right hnnd, grasping a gauntlet,
rests natural)v rioou ?!>? 1??i?
- , ?J- )
tlio left arm hangs a military cloak,
while tlio loft ln\nd holds tlto hilt ot
a sword whoso point touches a pile
of liown stones, its empty scabbard
hanging from a belt arouml tho
waiat. Tlio form, the attitude, tho
faco and tlio expression of tlio countenance
coinbino to make ono of tho
most impro6sive of statues. This
work of art. which cost $10,000, was
purchased by Mr. llopo and other
English sympathizers with tho Southera
cause. It will bo -taken- to liich>
mond freo of charge by the Powhatan
Bteamboat Company, and bo
erected in Capitol Square, a short
distance from tlio equestrian statno
of Washington. Tho citizons of
Lexington. VII- madn nmilinntirm trv
C3 J - ?7 --r,
have tho Btntuo erected ovor the
gravo of Jackson tlicro, and tho authorities
o! tho Stonewall Cemetery,
at Winchester, nlao made claim for
it, but after duo consideration ofilio
matter, it was decided to place tho
. J *
Btatuo in tlie Capitol Square at Richmond.
(Jknuuai, Itkms?Tho chiof disoaao
tlml reigns this year it) folly.
livery man is an arcitcft ot his own
tortuno.
in01 mat winctft* is much is well;
but that which iB woll is much.
The world's great men imvo not
commonly been great scholars.
Tales have a strange passion tor
telling thcmselvos out of school.
As there is a silver lining to ovory
ciouu, it will bo .soon that tticro aro
bright to bo obsorved through
tho depressing business inactivity
that is upon us. Tho prospects of
good crops, poaco and plenty in tho
land, is very like a silvor tying to tho
hard times.
At, the funeral ol' a woman in Slaw*
son, tho other day, a neighbor in at>?
tondancc, fooling it ncccssary to say
something sympathetic to tho afflicted
husband, kindly observed?"You'vo
got a splendid di\y for tlio funeral.
Tho Government has just added tho
portrait of Jefferson Davis, Socrolary
of War under Prcsidont Piorco, to
tho War Department collection. Uot-?
tor lato than oovor.
Castor oil is an excellent thing to
soften leather.
Brown papor is an excellent thing
to polish tin with.
Lunar caustic oarefully applied so
us not to touch tho skin, will dostroy
warts.
Man.?Without dosiro and without
ttr o r\ * :
imiiu ivuuiu uu lyimuuii IIIVUll 1/1UII llliu
without roaaon.
A certain judge, whoso pompous
ami ofticiou6 ways tempted anno of
the lawyer# to acts which hid honor
construed to mean contempt, finod
them $10 each. Wlieu they had
paid tlicir linos, n certain dry and
fltoadiltf >iiur old rtttornnw wnll/oH
j r> r> ~J
up to the bench, and very gravoly
laid down ;v ten dollar bill. "What
is that for ?" t-aid the j'ndgo. t4For
contempt, your honor," wsie tho
reply." "Why L have not fined you
for contempt," answered the judge.
"I know that," said the lawyer;
"but 1 want yon to understand that
I cherish a scoot contempt for this
court all tho time, and I am willing
to pay fur it."
T ~
A stalwart Indian is ofton Roon
about tho fttreots of Virginia Olty,
dvosscd in calico like a nquaw. Ho
ia compelled hy tho Piutoa to weav*
women's clothcH for coward,icq shown,
shown :ti battle.

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