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7 THE PICKENS SENTINEL.
DEVOTED TO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND TO THE GENERAL INTEREST OF THE COUNTRY.
' VOL. V. ~ PICKENS, S C., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 7, 18T5. " ~ NO.'F
1h Fiikiu Sutiul.
* f. jum Editor and Proprietor.
.y 1/ J
^ PICKBN8, S. 0., OCT 7, 1875.
Yferttikft Of NnliNcrlptlon.
fete Yht 311 no
^ Six Months 76
Aivcrthlng Batcrt.
JftAdttrUf mentB Inserted at (ho rate of $1 00
MfOf (9) nine lines, or lkhs, for (lie
rat taaertioh, and 60 cents for each subsecWtMc'.s
made for thkik, six or twki.vk
- inwrauiv vvima.
AWmlitments not having iho number of
toerked on them, will bo published
ippl forbid and oharged accordingly.
are So simple any child may
^ Mdftt&iitand them. Nino lines is a square?
Id every instance wo charge by
4??wfcirte occupied, as eight <fr (on lines can
%#MMe to occupy four or five Squares, an the
may wish, and iti charged by the
ftpoto.
WBF Advertisers will please state the number
?f squares they wish their advertisements
fV* Business men who advertise to bo
t?aeftl?d, will be&r in mind tliat the
MS(lTiK?L has a Urge and increasing cir tilatith,
and Is Ukeu by tho very class of
^ feWWfc*trade they desire.
AdTertising Agents.
The following nro tho only author
VhA m {ants to rocoivo ndvertiBomonts
for tin* paper:
fl??. r. Rowoll k Co., 41 Pnik Row
X*vr Y6rk.
Valiror Kvan# Ar. flnnrRwnll rntirrt
.WHtted hy Koswell T. Logan, CharlOB(on.
Si C.
We will accept cnah-in-advanco orfrom
other agoneicB, at roasonahW|?t?8.
V* can give no advortisomont pre!
#rNM in position.
i rgauiic.
The Charleston Novrs and Cui rior,
isd the Keowco Courier, ndviee
? Against the re-organization of the
Democratic party in this Stato. Why
not at once nuvieu ?!i? Ccsiucrate to
jJf&<6V$r to the Radical camp in n
wljr, without edging around it in
tMi my* If the Democrats desire
tfce Stato, they can only
it liiroOrli orvmiirAtion. It ilmv
the Radical rulo con
^ lint, they only linvo to pursue the
course suggested by these journals to
ittsure it. Let iib perfect u thorough
Democratic organization, put a
straight iickui in the field, ally ourselves
v ith tho great National Douio
tratic party, and inarch with it to
victory in 1876. 13ut if tho 'possum
j?olley ie to be continued, lot us cease
baaing Radicalism and preaching
Democratic doctrino.
W? clip the above from the Pickens
BsstinssL, and, perhnpn, thn heat rolilv
Wn r/i li 1H innlf? t a tli?
|,y i.M.nu ?V WiO Ul litlU
would bo a simple reference to our
?ondition front 1668 (o tlio present
time and the causes which have led
to it. Wo do not advocate tlio
"'posssum policy," hut wo hold that
individuals and parties should so act
f in matters appertaining to the public
welfare aa will likely bo productive
ot the greatest good, keoping un eye
to tlio evils to be correctod and the
means at our command to remedy
tlicm. In 1808 a straight Democratic
ticket was run for Governor
ad State oflicors, resulting in our
overwhelming defeat, and resulting
* further in engendering between the
whittl And blacks a spirit of division,
if i ? ?
? nw? v* NBIV, Mim. ii niuj nui ym cih
tirely healed. In 1870 a mixed
ticket wiw run?nominated by a
Democratic convention,but the blucku
?tood firmly by the color lino arid the
was again defeated. In 1872
*" ile tr!?? ?? gonorally refused to unite
with the bolting wing of the Republican
party, and tho defeat of Toms
Ihtiftou van as much a defeat of a
paaaivo policy, on the part of tl.o
Ubite?, as of active support of Mosu4
i?- i ?
uy me xvepnuucaiiB. in somo conns
ti?t, however, 801x10 Conservative advantages
were gained in tlio local
government. In 1874 tlio whites
participated actively in the contest,
the result, though defeating Green,
(Wing us a great improvement in
the Legislature. Charleston was en*
4
a bled to eond to tlie Legislature somo
of her ablest citizens, and Richland
and other strongly Republican counties
gave Oio Conservatives a place
on thoir tickets. Fortunately tho defeat
of Green did not foist upon us
a bad Governor, for the Republican
party naci uecotne bo amaea ana
weakened by corruption and by having
its own way, that both wings felt
it necessary to nominate comparatively
fair mon, with tho hope of
getting tho white voto or of dividing
it. From tho defeat of Carpenter,
in lbTO, to the present time, there
has been no Deinocratie organization,
in its proper Benso, in this State
in lact, me great men 01 proas, anu
especially our coin so lias boon, to
lessen tho heat and importance of
party spirit, and press upon tlie peo\
plo tho importance of weighing tho
man, who is seeking oflice, as abovo
all party considerations. In fact, it
was generally held that mero party
improperly overshadowed every
othor consideration, and that votes
were cast mechanically and without
reference to tho public gotd. We
advocated that tho first thing to bo
learned oy tho nogro was to appreciate
liia individuality and his indis
vidnal into)est in, and his rcsponsi
bility for good government. llo
must break over party tics and vote
upon Ida judgment formed upon tho
best informotion he could got Irom
tho press, from public spoakers and
from his better informed friends.
Mow could this bo done? It could
nover bo accomplished while tho ors
gauization if tho Democratic party
remained solid, 1st. Because in
18G8 tho party was actually opposed
to according to to tho negro civil
rights, and the negro would neither
hoar Democratic advico nor attend
meetings of tho party. 2d. Decuubu
the interest of the Republican lead01
e prompted them to adviee the
negro to avoid Democrats and opposo
them as enemies to their race
and freedom, ami so long as tho
Democratic party remained organs
ized. thev conld noint to its stroncrth
* ?r i O
and falsify its purpose. Tlic hopelessness
Ot 6UCCC8S after 1870 led to
its virtual dismemberment as an organization,
and in all subsequent
meetings and conventions tho mom.
btrs ot tho party assumed the name
of "Conservative," and lopped oft
all the actual features of tho first
party, so far as any opposition to tho
civil rights of tbo colored raco w;is
concerned. Its platform one year,
wo believe, was a bare line, "houtwtjr
and economy in tbo administration
of tbo government," or Bomotbiog to
tbat effect. lias tbo result of tbia
conrso been wise or fruitful of good ?
Will any reasonable man assort tbat
if the Democratic party had kept up
it? organ 'zillion from 1SG3, t hut the
Republican party would not have
Btooil today a solid, unbroken wall
in itH face, and that holding an undi*
vided majority it would have made
parly alliliation a test for every p idtion.
Shut up in our shell, we would
in vain havo appealed for a hotter
government and a better ch?r>8 of
ollicerfi. The party 6ooing its onomy
armed, organized and equipped
could and would havo tolerated, in
fact, would havo feared no divisions
or dissensions in its ranks. With
tho exception of a low countios,
every State and county oilioo would
have 1)'On held by Republican?, and
lho Pemocrntic organization would
have been powerless, even as a bal>
aneo of power ; for there could have
boon no divisions and no place to
oporato as n balance of pow: . Wo
anuort this an true, heiVMdO it ia u
jj'iliiicul axiom, t'.ut organization
will always bo met by counter or!
ganizntion. It iu equally truo that
when ono ol two organizations vir?
111 ally dissolves, tho oilier then
becomes weak, then demoralized,
then divided and ita adherents, freod
I irow the abacklea of party, begin to
look boyoud party to tlio true interests
of tho country. The ecalcs fall
from their eyed, their judgmonts aro
enlightened and thoy are led to condemn
their past blindness. No ono
can deny but party zeal blinds tlio
judgment and chains tlic will, virtnuii>
depriving men of perfect fioe-?
doin of acting and voting. Ila9 not
all this begun to take place in South
i n.?~ - ?
vy?*i uiiiui f J-mo I1UI uur piOSOtK condition
bcon improvedt nnd haa not
our future prospect?grown brighter ?
hiiB not tlie colorod man grown moro
malleable ? Is ho not moro ap*
proachablo with sound reasoning,
and lias ho nut grown moro indo^
pendent in his actions, and begun to
feel himsolf responBiblo to public
opinion ( Could this have beon acoomnlished
with ail onrnnivnH
. ? ? ~" r> ?v, *^vu?v
cratic party in existence? It may bo
said that in tbo Northern Staved the
party lias kept up its organization in
tho face of greater odds, and are now
about to regain their ascendency, but
we have a different state of things
hero. In the Northern States the
two parties aru equally intelligent, of
tho sumo race, and of equal integrity,
perhaps. Ilero our political element
is mixed, tho negro being in the
ascendant. Wo had to reach him
before wo could instruct him, and to
a? ?v:? ? i.
vjv mio *>o iimu 10 reintvo 1110 tears
and prejudices; both of which wore
kept alive by the very name of Democracy.
The first result of nonorganization
was division among tho
Republicans, then a double ticket,
whereby the whitos socured, by cooperating
with ouo wing of tho party,
substantial advantages. Thus acting
together, tho fears and prejudices of
tho colored race have beon quieted,
and there is a general feeling among
a largo portion of that raco now to
unite with tho whites in a war
against corruption and in an effort to
secure a just and economical govern
mout. This state of things could
only have resulted from tho pa?sive
policy of tho whites. Wo have now
arrived at a period when there is a
fair iiriimioof nuifltw. tl.?.
r - V?|/vv? UHiViii^ II1U IJUUUI
portion of both races and parties in
a common work of bettering the
go \ eminent. Wo can reach the
colored man. Wo can instruct him,
and ho lias acted with ub in some instances,
snd is now bettor informed,
' lie may bo lod to join us in aomo or?
ganization which will insure succcss
and bettor government. We oan eay
to him wo live in thosnmo State, our
interests lie in the name plane, wo
must live under the samo laws, our
political, industrial and matorial ruin
or development, as the case may bo,
muttl bu one aud the same. Wo are
now Hollering a common misfortune
?bad government; and wo need a
common blessing? good government.
Lot us dismiss past disaonsioue, and
lot every liouost man, forgetting liis
raco and party, nni'c to save the
Stato. An organization of thi3 character
wc do not oppose. On I lie contrary,
wo invite it, and regard it as
the only movement which ib likely to
result in audi success. Men hcres
toforo nt l>oth parties, would ho run
for ollico, and a hotter state of things
would result. Suppo8C thii is done
and the Democratic party is reorganized,
will not the Republican
party re-organizo and opposo ufl with
a solid Iront ? Are they leas wine
or lobs provident? Shall wo peril
tho fruits "f lour years of wiso for*
boaranco and re->arouuo tho hittoruess
which has chielly passed away,
I'lll'UIVlfll ill ..i it...
?V W...IVVI . v. UX/V/W-- I 111 Ul 11)1)
Northern JStsit oh tho Democratic
party haa made largo ^ain.s ? Il tho
North wan to-day as btrongly Republican
n? it way four years ago,
our biate policy of tho past lour
ycaia vsould ho regarded as our
wisest and safest course. Is it loan
so bccauao of success in other Statos 'j
Our State is # strongly Ropubjican,
and if the Domocracy bo ro-orgau,
ized it will remain both Republican
and nnitod. The negro will not
unite with tbo Democratic party as
such, but wo fear ho will unito with
any party opposed to it. If this ho
so why orgnnizo tho Democratic
party? Tliia thing of marching on
to victory with tho national nin tv in
I J -a
humbug. The party in Now York
has tsvo Republicans on its ticke'J
In Massachusetts it has a Republican
tor Lieutenant Governor, and
how can this bo if tlio party there
hae any organization as such ? There,
as it should bo hero, it is the people
uniting to better government. Wt
must do tho enmo thing here, tempering
our organization so as tc
command success. We cannot bottei
illustrate the advantages of our pas!
coureo over party organization thai
by referring our loaders to tho cativ
paigu ol 1874. Under a Dumn.
eratic nomination in" Pickens, tlx
majority for the Democrats wai
about 6ixty votes,, while Genera
McGowan, who, in his speeches
eschewed party and advised tin
union of all good men in tlx
election of capable men to ofiice
regardless of party, polled nearly 80C
majority over his Republican oppo
nont.
As wo now stand, the white?
being an intelligent loading poople,
being united in intorcat, without or'
ganization, unite from roason
and a common motivo, whonovot
united action is likely to result iu
good. They, in Stato elections, need
no binding organization to bring
them together, and an organizatian
of the Democratic party,
without accomplishing good, may re
snlt in evil. As wo now str.nd, wc
aro roiidy to unito with tho o ol
eyory race and party to better the
government. Tho weakening ol
party ties in both racos is our surest
road to success, and wo desire nothing
which will retard this. Wo arc
glad to see the successes ot the Demo
cratic party everywhere, and w<
would liko to help them, but in the
first place wo can't do this by organ
ization, and in tho second place, oui
highest duty is to savo ourselves
Wo do not desiro to labor in distan
fields until our own have been inad?
clear. Besides, wo think our pros
cut and past courso lias been ono o
tho leading causes of Democratic
. success elsewhere. Wo aro giving
them most help by keeping quiet
Tho w hole thiug is working wel
enough, and, we think, is working
i better without our intermeddling
Wo nronoso to mi rutin thin ?iil?Wi
I ? I -- J ?J
as to the effect of our past policy in
helping the Democrats of the North
to their lute successes.?Keowce Cou
rior.
Aix Lost ?A lloclc of 1,'2U0 sheep
were destroyed through a strange accident
recently, near Ban Jose Mission.
California. The tlock were pas
sing along the edgo of a steep precis
pice, when tho leader lo.it his footing
and fell over tho declivity. The rest
o!' tho sheep, possibly supposing thin
was the usual way of business, jumped
one by one after their leader and
were killed ori the rocks below.
Another landanlet fraud ia liabK
to arise. It seems that Delano's bills
lor curriftges and horses amount to
$9,000 a year, much ol which it
clearly illegal. Ilo keeps one of the
government eaariages, a driver anc
two horses at his home in Ml. Vernon
Ohio, where lie in confined by rliou*
matUm. The ontlit has beon there
for months, an d the drivers wit
slays in Washington to draw his pay.
To 11 is Honor Judge Aloore, w
are indebted lor tho iollowing facl
j Ilo slatos that ho wan informed <juit<
recently oy Mr. 11. uoriloii, c
Uranvillo County, N. (J., tlint hi
i niothor gave Im-tli to 27 living hoy
I unci aitorward lived to tiio ago of t)
years.' llid lather lived to bo 10
1 years ot ago. lloury Gordon was tli
youngest yon. ilia mother had n
daughter*.
- ^ ? _ ' L?~
Party Reconstruction,
The hard raonoy loadors, hondod by
i Gov. Tildon, who is himaolf worth
Bovornl million?, arc the mon of monoy
in tlio Democrntic put ty. Thoy nro
' shrewd, ns such mon usunlly nro.
Horotoforo all thoy roally enrod for
I WHS. l.luit. 1 I?r* ?1-- *
, V..V |;u?vivi 1110 Ul UliU two 1
parties should bo conaorvativo on tho
money quoation, whatever its purlieui
lur shape at Iho time. Tlioir monoy
interests were then safe, no mutter
i wliieh party got in powor. Tlioy
i have no doubt of tho election of Allen
, in Ohio, and Porahing in Ponnyalva(
nia. Tliey havo no doubt of carryiug I
. New York on the Syracuse platform.
v Tho tido has been running strong
aga nst tho Republican party, which
baa really bocomo nothing but (Jrantism,
for a couplo ofyoara now. Tlioir
doleat this Fall in tho tbroo i?r?nt
o ~
5 States of Ohio, Pcnnyslvania anil
5 Now York, will virtually bo tho otul
' oi tho Republican party. Tho ques?>
> tion with Republicans will bo, Whoro
J shall wo go ? Tho Tildon managors
) ot tho Syracuso Couvontion nro "not
, tho only onos who boo what is com*
) ing. Leading Republicans acknowl.
odgo that tho end of thoir parly is
,1 f t \t? i rw* i?UU riM. - A -
<? JL,,U "gni mat is now
muking, particularly in Ohio, is ono
of despair. It is tho dying Btrugglo.
' Thoy ndmit that thoir dofoat in thoso
throo loading States is an ond of tho
1 party, and thoy lmvo no h*pos of car.
rying either. Whatthon? i
1 Ohio und Ponnyslvania, with othor
I We-ttorn States, and all or noarly all ;
; (Delowaro and Maryland out) tho
Southern States will bo able to control
tlin DomAnrnlin "
, ^....wiukiu iiaLiunai vunvonnon
. of 1870, and will put thoir popular
> inonoy plank into tho platform. Tho
f Tildon managors boo that. Now will
, como in thoir strategy. Tho itopub[
lican party ia demoralized and ready
to fall to piocos, and its mombors
rondy to go whorovor thoir afllnitos j
bhall attract thorn. Not a third party I
but a now party, will bo formed by
tho "hard monoy Bocodera" from tho
' Democratic National Convontion.
' bonded by Gov. Tildon, which will
draw to it all tho Republican party
that is in accord with tho Tildon load
ors on tho nionoy question; tho bnlanco?minority
or majority?will
J gravitate toward tho rogular Domo-v
racy. Tho Republican party will
t tituk tiisupputu no did tho Whig party,
its members ^oing sonio to tlio Rer
publicans, somo to tho Democratic
party. Tho now party will bo callod
j very likoly, Democratic Republican,
t and it will aesumo to bo the parly of
property, of consorvatiflin, of rospocs
' tability, of strong gorornmont. It
will scok to array on ita side tho
wealth, tho aristocracy, tho army and
1 navy, and all who want to bo ranlcod
.HiiuKg niu uiagiuguiHiiUU OI L110 COUl)*"
try. Tho regular Democratic party
will bo what tho snobs havo always
callcd it, tho party of tho common
pooplo, ami will 1)0 denounced as in
tho days of JotTorson, as tho party
Jacobins, s<ins+culottes, Agrarian n,
Communists, Kopudiationists. The
now party's undorlying idea will bo
More govornmont and loss liborly,
1 shot and (daughter and loss coaxing
and fowor word.". Tho Republican
I leaders looked to Grant as tho person
to load tho now party,of winch hope
tho Republicans would bo tho basis.
'' Thoy had hopod that tho Now York
4 Democratic St:ito Convention would
1 tako tho Ohio|platform. In that event
1 there could be no division of tho Dem>
ocratic party, and tho Kopublicun
1 party would try to rally to its nun-.
port, under Gruntas its candidate, tho
, "Hard Money" and wealthy l)einoj
cratn, and claim for itself tho naino of
0 tho party of froporty, respectability
and strong government. That will
ho its programme if, by somo unlookml
0 i (or luck, Ohio shall go liepuhlican.
^ As things now loolc, howovor, tho
^ Tildon loudorw and republican londors
'' horo look lor a gonoral shaking up and
roadjuetmont of alVairs in 1870 j that
<j the Republican party will disappear
1 tho lindvr r?f uul\i/?li vnill ih>!i? ?i
A ~~-j -- ...II UIIHU Will] t IH
o now Domocratic iiopublioan part}
io bonded by Gov. Tildcn.
That is tbo outlino ol tbo program*
of tho futuro, as I loarnod it fit Syra<?
oubo. and einco my roturn from there
I havo no doubt whatovor of its oorroctnosa
in tho gonoral outline.?Now
York Correspondent of the Cincinnati
Enquiror.
AomcuLTunAr. Fairs.?Tho Season
is near at hand for tho holding of tho
sovcral agricultural fairs in thia Stato
and wo aro glad to know that, do*'
Rpito tho gonerul doprossion of tho
huicf, tuo mnnngoi'H ot tho various
agricultural socioties aro making ox**
tensive and liberal arrangomonts for
tl? present neason, by which thoso
exhibions will bo kept up and tho industries
of tho country oncouraged.
Wo hftvo quite a numhor of woll
managed exhibitions in tho State,
which aro patronized to Rome extent,
and wo arc glad to note that other
countioR are moving in thin diroction.
Wo append a list ot tho agricultural
fairs in thifi section :
The Greenville fair will take placo
on Wcdnoyday, Oct 20th, and will last
thrco days. Exhibitors arc invited
from ovory section of tho country.
Abbeville fair will bo held on tho
20th, 21 Ht, and 22d of October, and
/ - - ' 4
uiu mrincra ana planters ot Abbovillo
and surrounding countiy nrooxpoctod
to ongago in lively' competition for
tho liberal premiums offered.
Tho Anderson fair will tnko placo
on tho 27tb, 28tli, and 29tb of Octobor
and tho preparations for n succossfu
exhibition are being rapidly pushod ?
forward. It has tho reputation of
tho best county fairs in the State, and
wo firmly believo that tho pooplo ot
Anderson will nevor allow this roputation
to diminish. It is tho oldest
organization ot the kind in t.lio Stalo.
Tho Oconeo Agricultural Socioty
propose giving an exhibition during
tho month of October.
Boaidos, tho Stato fair dosorvos os-?
pccial mention in this connection, and
ought to bo tho grand culminating effort
of tlie several countios. It will
bo hold in Columbia dui ing CliuBuOOnu
wook in Novomber, beginning on
Tuosday, tho 9th. Tho liberal promiumH
offered for countice to enter as
competitors is a prais\vo\'thy loaturo
of tho State fair, and morits tho attention
ot tho local societies, whoso inanN
agors should strivo to conoonti ato tho
products ?f their own counties, and
make a creditable display at Columbia.?Anderson
Into'.ligoncor.
AnouT one-third of tho whoat grown
in tho Unitod Slates in produood in
tho throo States of Minnesota, Iowa,
and Wisconsin, and this ono-third is
in round numbers a hundred million
bushels. Tho heavy rains have dam*
agod this crop somowhat in thoso
States this year. Tho St. Paul
Dispatch says that from tho most
trustworthy information that it has
boon able to obtain it would soem
that in Minnesota live por cent, ol the
ontiro production lor tho yoar has
hnnn tntnlU.' ? /"?*???! "'I''!"
? ? ? - - v~ v.?. j \4vuvi \sj v;v* , m 11 I i U IIIU
damaged condition ot a largo proportion
ot il>e crop.i is equivalent to a turthor
Ionh ot about ton per cont. Tlio
con tin nod rmim i>:ivo dolaycd tlio operations
of tlio (ui'incI'M. and l.lwt p.i'riM nt"
| that State will not reach tho market,
until so vend weeks later than usual.
Posterity owes to Mr. William
Douglas, of Fingland, in Kirkchnd*
brightshire (who wooed but did not
win the capricious Annio,) tho Bong
of ''Bonnie Annie Laurie," wherein
he celebrated tho beauty and transcendent
per fee'ion ot the maid of
MnxweUon. Poetic justice should
have required that Annie would
i - ?
Iuiivu luwurucu wjui tier hand tho
poet lover, wiio was determined to
make her name immortal ; but, as
it transpired, she prefei red another
and a richer suitor, a Mr. Alexander
Ferguson, of Crigdarroch, and
him bho married.
They are making gilt odga paper
collars, and just as soon as tho pub?
' lie can ho educated up to tho point
> of wealing them, there will he no
5 further need of dollar more jewolry.
. a>> ??
It doosn't take long lor a man
' with a binall mind to nuiko it up.

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