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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, November 25, 1875, Image 1

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DEVOTED TO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND TO THE GENERAL INTEREST OE THE COUNTRY. '
> t > - j
VOL. V PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 25, IS75. NO.lSa
Arrangements for the CentennialTho
Act of Congress which provided
for "celebrating the ono hnndroth
f Anniversary of Americnn Indepeti
donco, by holding an International
Exhibition of Arts, Manufactures,
and products of tho Soil and Mine."
authorized tho Jnn nf tlm FTnlKwl
Stfttca Centennial Commission, and
entrusted to it tlio management of
tho exhibition. This body t is composed
of two commissioners from
each State and Territory, nominated
by tho respective Governors, and
commissioned by the President of the
^ United States. The enterprise, therefore,
i6 distinctly a national one, and
not, as has sometimes boon stated
the work of private corporation.
The exhibition will b<^ opened on
May 10th, 187G, and Remain opoti
? cvory day, except Sunday, until Novombor
10th. There will bo a fixed
price of 50 cents for admission to all
the buildings and grounds.
Tl.nnnnf,.....:... 1 !. - 1
jLuvvoiuciiiiim giuuuui) ciru BIUUUOll
6ri tlio wcetorn bank of tho Schuyl
kill River, and within Fairmont
Park, tho largest public park in
proximity to a groat city in tho world
and ono of tho most beautiful in the
t country. Tho Park contains 3100
acres, 450 of which have boon or.closod
for tho exhibition. Besides this
tract, there will bo largo yards near
by for the exhibition of stock, and a
farm of 42 jiptok hn? nli-n.xli.
?* I/uv;II
suitably planted for the tests of
ploughs, mowers, reapers; and other
Agricultural mucliinery.
The exhibition buildings are apj'ronched
by eight lines of street ears
which connect with all the othor lines
in (he citv and hv tho P?nmvrKmhiin i
/ * V w. .?.! ?
and Reading railroads over the tracks
of which trains will also run from the
North Pennysivania. and Philadelphia,
Wilmington, and Baltimore
railroads. Thus tho exhibition is in
immediate connection with the entire
railroad system of the country, and
^ any one within 90 miles of Philadel
piiia can visit at 110 greater cost than
that of carriage liiro at the l*?iris or
Vienna Exhibitions.
The aitielcs to be exhibited have
been classified in seven departments,
which, lor the most part, will bo located
in appropriate buildings whose
several acres ureas follows:
D rti'AKTMKNT. DLD'Na. AOR'S OOV'O
r. Alining & Metallurgy, )
1. Manufactures, V M, Building. 21.47
3. Education & Wcience, J
4. Art, Art Gallery, 1.5
6. Machinery, M. Building 11.
<5. Agri oullurc, A. Building 10.
7. Horticulture, 1!. lluililing 1.5
Total, . . . 4H.17
Tliia provides nearly ten more
i * > -
uv/i go iui ua III Ul ll ll|^ bJlilCO I ! 1 fl! I uioro
were at Vienna, the largest interna1
tiumil exhibition yet hold. Yet the
applications of exhibitors havo boon
so numerous as to exhaust tho space,
and many important cl isdes of objects
must bo provided lor in special
buildings.
An important snccial exhibition
will bo mado by tho United Suites
Government, and is being prepared
. under tho supervision of a Board of
Officers representing the several oxocutive
departments of tho Government.
A fino building of <1^ agios in
provided for tho purpose, space in
which will bo occupied by the War,
Treasury, Navy, Interior, IWolTico,
nml Agricultural departments and
the Smithsonian Institution.
iMio Women's Centennial Exoci
tivo Committee, havo raised .$.30,000
lor the erection of a pavilion in which |
to exhibit evory kind of women's
work. To this collection, women of
all nations aro expected to contris
butc.
Tho list of epocial building i? constantly
increasing, and present indi
cations ftfo that tlioir total number
will he troin 200 to 250. Most of the
important foreign nations?England,
Germany, Austria, France, Sweden,
Egypt, Japan and others?aio put*
ting up ono or more structures each'
for exhibiting purposes,^ or for tho
uho of tho commissioners, oxhibitors
and visitors. Ofticcs and headquarters
of this kind, usually ot considers
? \. 1 l ; 4 i *
nuiu iwunuecinrai oeauty, arc provided
by tho States of Ponnyslvaniu
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan,
Now Jcreov, Now York, Connecticut
Massachusetts, New Hampshire,
i Missouri,. Kansas, Virginia, West
Virginia, Nevada, Wisconsin, Iowa,
and Deloware; and it is likely that
others will follow the cnamplo.
A ------- 1 * ' * *
iv unmoor oi trade and industrial
associations, which require largo amounts
of epaco, will bo provided
fur in special buildings. Among
these aro the photographers,"tho car?
riago builders, tho glass makers, the
cracker' bakers, tho boot and shoo
monufacturers, beside, quite a nam
uer or individual exhibitors. Tho
great demands for spaco will probably
render this courso necessary to a
considerable extent, especially for exhibitors
wbo have been tardy in making
tlioir applications. In tho main
exhibition building, for examplo, 333,300
square leet of spaco had been
applied for by the beginning of October
liV A tnin'ipnn n v li i l?i .
?J ?... .MW. IVMII VAIIIUHUin V1JIJ J
whereas, tho aggrcgato space which
it litis boon possible to rosorvo for tho
United States Department, ia only
100,000 square feet, about ono third
of which will be consumed by pas*
^nge ways.
The machinery building, like tho
others, is fully covered bv annlien?
r *J II "
lions. Tlioro arc about 1000 American
exhibitors in this department
150 English, and 150 from otlior Eli'*
ropeau countiies?which in about 250
inure than entered the Vienna Machinery
Exhibition. Extra proviei n
is bein# made for annexes to accom
inousi'o me hydraulic machinery, tIto
steam hammers, forges, hoisting ons
gines, boilers, plumbers, carpenters,
etn
Power in tho machinery hull will
he chiefly eupplid by u pair of mon^
ster Corliss Engines. JCueli cylinder
is 10 inches in diameter, with a
stroke of ten feet; tho fly wheel is 31
fi?r?h in ?1 itini <?(<>! niirl ivniidio KK
vw Vdtiuiiwivi ^ niiu M V/I^nvj i/u i v/111" J
tlio liorso power is 1-J00; and tlio
number ul' boilors id 20. This engine
drives about a miloof shading.
For the art of exhibition, tlio
eminent American ariisis tuo undorstood
to bo nt work, and it may bo
confidently elated that, especially in
uie aeparunont 01 iftiiU6C!i|>o painting
tho United Stated will present a finer
display than the public has been led
to expect. Quite aside from tho the
contributions of American artists, ap
plications from abroad call for more
than lour times the exhibiting space
afforded bv tho great Memorial Hall.
Prnvitdnna for tlio kiumiIiim will bn
made in temporary fire proof build"*
ifigs, though nil exhibiting nations
will bo represented in the central
art gallery.
Tho Secretary of the Navy has ar?
ranged that a United States war vessel
shall call next Spring, at convenient,
European ports, to collect
and transport hither to the cxhibif
Sad t lm u-avI/q r\ A moi'Innn o n^Jofn
%1V#II t ?? \ ' 1 I\IJ V* i 1 IHV;I I Vy C? I I (U VIOID
resident in Europe. Among tho
ports tiilis far designated, aro South
ampton for England, llavro for
Franco, Bremen for Gormany, and
I -ghorn for Italy, to which, if desirable,
others may ho added.
Air. I?ell tho eminent English
sculptor, who designed the groups for
tho plinth for the groat Albert Memorial
n Ilydo Park, London, is ro?
producing in terra cotta, at the celo
brated works in Lainbeth, the ono
which symbolized America. The
figures in this group aro eolosal, cov
ering a ground spaco of 15 t'ect sqnnro
It will probably bo placod in the
groat central gallery, opposito tho
i .ri tis>i i >nl i>ti t I'linen
jr. | IIVI | v?" * *?M VV
The Art Exhibition will include, in
addition to tho works of contemporary
artists, representative productions
of tho past century ut American art
?thceo for instanco, of Stuart, Coploy,
Trumbull, West^ Alston, Sully,
Neaglo, Elliot, Colo. These, as well
ns tho works ofleroil by living artists,
will ? - " -
.. .i. i'iioovju iijjuii i>y mo coinimuuo
of selection, who will visit for the
pnrpoeo, Now York, Boston, Chicago,
and other leading cities, in order
to prevent the needless transportation
to Philadelphia of works of Art
not up to tho standard ol admission.
A largo number of orders and fratni'nitina
* 1- - ' 4
.ui uiviuo u(i > v? pij^usinju nieir iiiiciition
to hold gatherings at Philadel
phia during the period of the exhibition.
Among those which may
bo enumerated, aro the Grand Lodge
oi ponny6lvania, Independent Oidor
of Odd Follows, the Grand Encamps
mum, jLiiuoponuonc uruer of Udd
Fellows, Grand Lodgo, United States,
Independent Order ol Odd Fellow;
Grand Commandory Knights Tom
plars; Grand Army of tlio Republic;
Presbyterian Synod; Caledonian 01nl>
Porland Mechanic Blues; Welsh
National Eistodfodd; Patriotic Order
Sono of America; California* Z maves
otban JL'ranciscojan international Regatta;
the Life Insurance Companies;
National Board of Underwriters;
Stato Agricultural Society; 2nd In*?
fantry, N. G. of California; Pliiladols
phia Conterene, Methodist Episcopal
Church; Cincinnatti Society; California
Pioneer Society; American Don.
tal Convention; Catholic Total Abstinence
Union of America; Independent
Order of i? nai Deriiii: National Al
uuu.i Association; Salesmen's Assos
ciation; 5th Maryland Regiment;
American Pomologicid Society; Mai
ster'a At-stciaiion <.1 thcUnited States;
Army < 1" the Cumberland; Humboldt
Monument Association; Board of
Trade Convouiion; International Typographical
Congress; Rifle At-sucialion
of tlie United States; Centennial
Legion; Philadelphia County Medicu'
Society; International Medical Con
gross; Old Volunteer Fire Depart
inont of I'nihulelphia.
? <ae> ?? ??
A meeting of several gentlemen ap>
pointed on tiio Centennial Commission
was held at Holmes'Lyceum in Charleston,
on Friday evening. Some
discussion took place on tho proper
mode of proeeoding to organize the
South Carolina part of tho exhibition
A resolution was adopted to issue an
address to the people ox i/no otuto in
rotation to Llui innUm*" "NTnil.inr* ?le?
- ? &
was definitoly dotorminod upon,
It seems a pity that so lino an opporlunity#to
give this scheme a Cavort
iiblo ImpulBO as the lato fair hero was
not taken advantage of. A great
many products and articles of a distinctive
character were on exhibition
that would have graced the centonnial.
Wo suppeso that livo hundred could
havo boon soiled out, procured, arranged
and hold ready for shipment'L'his
opportunity is lost. It will not
como again. JJesidos, tho commis?sioners
might have lolt tho pulse, consulted
with representative men, fixed
up a programme and given tho whole
a push forward, liut it was not done.
?Columbia Register.
? ? m - In
an articlo on tho Presidential
| olection, tho New York Sun says that
the noxt campaign will bo largely in
fluonccd by tlio charactor of tho can
didates. Tho oloctions of this year
liavo nut do a terrible slaughter of an*
pirants. Tho editor lancion that tho
namo at tho head of each ticket will
turn out to ho one not, now much
spokon of. At nil events, according
to tho precedents, tho man who is
successful 1 at the ballot boxes is pretty
euro to ho one whose pretensions have
not been hawked around the country,
but somo fresh, unobjoctionablo, inI
flnirimr iinnm I lint- tv?fi*r l>/\
* v vwi?v tnitj UV HUM. II l/W*
forohand as in boitio sort prosaging
victory.
A mammoth stcor from Oregon is
already en route to the Centennial It
stands nineteen hands, or six leet
tour inehoe, moasures twenty feet
i !??*!.v * ! ? ? ' ? ' '' ^ a a
j 11 win ..(> IU uy, iiiiu a/JUU
I pOUUlle.
a. .^LiUTrrr
South Carolina and Mississippi.
Tho Washington Capital flays that
Mississippi is to bo congratulated, for
.sho ia once inoro a frco State. What**
over sorrow or joy tho various results
of tlio roccnt election may carry to
cliqucs and parlies, tho final emancipation
of Mississippi from tlio rule of
the carpet bagger may bo regarded as
a national blessing. To Mr. Lamar
more than any othor man tho country
is indebted for tlio rehabilitation ol
this Stato. With tho constitution in
0110 hand and tho olivo branch in tho
oilier, ho has mot tho Radicals of the
South and tho Radicals of Iho North;
ho has by procoptand oxamplc taught
his own pcoplo the lesson of pationco
and long suffering; ho has labored
earnestly, conscientiously and euccossit..
<~ - 'i -
iiiuj tkj luairuiii mo 11 cry natures 01
his constituents, ft nil has kept them
from ilccds of violonco under tho most
provoking treatment, whoso occasional
commission lias horotoforo given
thoir enemies sonio colorablo grounds
for tlio assertion that Mississippi is
tho least law abiding Stato in tho
country. The whito men of Mississip
pi ucuuncu Looniov into combinations
with either the carpot baggor or the
nogro politician. They bided their
timo and endured wrongs at tho hands
of their former slaves and men who
came from tho North with no other
aim than to latton upon their substance,
oppress them and malign
thorn. At last tho negro himself
arose to some appreciation of Iho situation;
tho more intelligent cast their
political lot with those whito men
whoso interests were identical with
their own, and another year will sco
this great State striding on to prosperity.
Tho cttso of Mississippi is tho case
of South Carolina. South Carolinians
have tho same motiva i'or throwing ofl'
i
Lho yoko o( tlio spoiler, ami tlio Lord
ol Hosts will givo thorn a loader.?
There are men in South Carolina just
as able and just as patriotic as Mr.
Lamar, and they must come to tlio
front in the next campaign.
Exim:hiknck Thaciietii.? Wo clip
tlio following Iroin tlio Toxas JSTow
Vorlcer, and ask our farmers t) cut it
out put it in some placo wlioro they
may soo it onco a weolc. or. Iiof.tnr
com in it i I to memory. It i.s tho advico
of an old man who tilled the soil
thirty years:
1 am an eld man, upward of three
flcoro yoars, during two scorca of
which J have boon a tillor of tho soil.
I cannot say that I am rich now, hut
I havo been rich, and havo all I need;
do not owe a dollar; havo given my
childronfi fund r>f 111 r>n I mwl if
o " ) " * "
1 am callcd away will leavo thorn
enough to koop tho wolf away from
iho door. iMy oxpcrienco has taught
mo that:
1. Ono aero of land, well prcpntcd
and manuroc, and well cultivated,
produces mori> than two ncroa wh ch
receive only tho samo amount of ma*.
unround labor used 011 one.
'J. One cow, horse, inn! , sheep or
bog, well fed, is more profitablo than
two kept on tlie sumo amount of food
necessary to keep one well.
J5. One ncro of clover or grass is
worth in or 0 than two acres of cotton
wliero no grass or clover is raised.
4. JSTo larinor who buys oats, corn,
wheat, fodder and hay, as a rule, for
ton years oan keep tho sheriff from the
door in tho ond.
Tiik Statu I1'a 1 it.? Wo rogrot that
our Stale Kail- eaino so near being a
failure, Tlio Columbia Uniou^llorald
says: Tho agricultural and mechanical
State Fair of ISTf) is a thing of
tho past. It is not a pleasant duly
lo acknowledge that it has not been
a success?the reason why, becomes
the duty ol tho directors, officers and
mombors to discover. Tho m'osnoc*
live aid from tho Stato Logislaturo,
tho commoncomcnl o( tho second
eontury, and tho fact that so accotn~
plishod and gallant a gentleman as
Colonel Tom Taylor i.s its president,
should, and probably will, nitinyilnto
| tho fioc'oty to now exertions and
[greater successes than any achieved
I in tho past.
,
- a>j;...ajui-a lljl 1
Egypt at the Cjsntenniai.?Egypt,
it would appoar from all acoonnts, \?
preparing for a brilliant show at our
Contonnial exhibition. Over two hundred
pornons v;ill bo Kent over, and
llieso will include representatives of
every department of nalivo life; tlicro
will 1)0 a burn! of genuino Bedouins
(rom Arabia Potion; the rcprcsonintivo
animals of (bo county, including
camels, and dromedaries, will be exhibited;
water from tbc 2s'ilc and Red
Sea will bo brought over in tanks,
and tbc primitivo processes of irrigation
and cultivation wijj bo explained
and illustrated witb native agricultural
implements! tbo manufacturers
and antiquities oi'the country will bo
fully represented; learned scribes will
exhibit tlio process of writing in Arabic
on parchmcnl; merchants and
husbandmen will cxhibu <.!. j iv o<hicts
of town and country, whilo the into
nor mo will bo illustrated in detail;
soldiers will display tho uniform of
tho Turkish army; an Arabic band
will perform tho national music; and,
what will bo of moro intcrosi than all
to tho crowd, a troop of dancing girls
will i11 listrato tho recreations and diversities
of tho haroui. A marvellous
show it will be, indeed.
Incidents in Georgetown.?On
Monday last tho grand jury ofCleorgotown
cont>ty found ton indictincnts,
which woro brought in against tho Into
County Commissioners, James M.
Lossono (colored), Henry Joy and
R. O. Illish. for mjilfimssinno in
To these indictments they plcndcti
guilty. '1 lio grand jury found true
biils against tlio present County Commissioners,
J. Ilnrvoy Jones, Joseph
Bush and C. lluticdgo, lor official
misconduct; also true bills for riot
against W. II. (Red-hot) Jones, J. 11.
-ii
ouuto, iinu niiugii ui/iiurs.
Skkd Wheat.?A hushoi of plump
wheat will contain about 050,000
grains, which it sown upon an aero ol
ground, will givo nearly fifteen grains
to every nine squaro inches. Ifovoiy
grain sown should grow (and why
should it not if it is pcrfect and properly
sown!') tlioro would ho one plant
to every square of tlireo inches; tlio
plants in fact, would stand upon the
ground exactly three inches apart.?
One peck ot seod sown equally over
an sicro would loavo tho nlants six
inches apart, which would ho too thick
(or a heavy crop. Two quarts ofscod
per aero, placed at even distances,
would give ono plant to every foot>
and if they should tiller, and spread
as the wheat plant often docs, the
crop would ho thiolc enough upon the
ground. An English farmer, Major
lhillot, has sown wheat even more
thinly than this, and lias roapod over
sixty bushols of choico, plump grain
to the acre. Thus it i.s not the quantity
of seed sown, but tho kind of seed
and tho manner of sowing it upon
which tho crop depends.
Ilodfiold, of tho Cincinnalti Commercial,
nays of tho AI ississippi olection:
Tho result i.s astonishing. I would
iioi nuvo uoncvou tiiat so many colored
poojilo could have boon got to
vote tho Democratic ticket as 1 have
seen do it here to day.
]STo ibrco of violenco or intimidation
was employed. 1 watched for this
closely, and had tho assistance.of another
party, but wo jointly and severally
failed to discover anything that
could ho properly called intimidation.
What is the result? To nitrhl. in
Jsielcnon, llio fooling between the va?
con in boiler tluin il bus boen in seven
years. The J )omocratn havo carried
tbo county and tho Slate, and are
overflowing with praiso for their "coU
orod frianilfi," who voted with thornRoHjiectlully
recommended to the
attention of tlio.so who disagree with
O M - ? ' ' * * *
oiiin JLmen mai some mingy can bo
dono as well as oters.
Soil lulls havo onco more comu ink
favor with gontlomou Thoy aro i
moro sensible head gear limn tin
hard stovo pipes, which, for soino no
discoverable reason, aro generally sup
I posed to imparl dignity to Liioir vvoarold.
IM W IfWftf
Bayakd.?Tho Richmond DiflpftWll
prospecting tho Presidential fioidi
t.hoK spoaks:
Of all tho Eastern Doniocratio aspirants,
Bayard, of Dolavrare, fa tho
most honorable for his high tono and
spotless charactor. Ho is a gentle*
man of Iho vory first ordor. It would
ho a blossing to tho nation to have in
; iho Presidential chair so puro a man,
bo elevated a statesman, lint in this
day of avuilibilily there will not bo
wanting obstacles to his nomination.
I ! ' n
msmaiotb ho small that wlion ho in
set up, I ho question will be raided as
to how much strength ho can bring
with him. And then ''Little Dola,"
in her robes ol while ami her lovely
charms, will he brought forth and will
bo admired of all men; but they will
say she is so potilo, so dclicato, bIio
can't stand tho rough usage of a campaign,
and can't give her son a Bond
off that will carry him far on tho
track.
i i.i? ?- < '
in iiuuiuuii mis, wo ioar oonator
Bayard loo much "wears Ins heart
upon hia sleovo" and has too little
command of hit* cloqucnco. Tho: e in
no such good luck as having him for
President. Tho very fact of his lmring
won Iho Southearn heart is almost
tantamount to frightening tho Northern
pockot book ?wo beg pardon, tho
northern soul, wo should have said.
>CJ>*
Loui.svirxK, Nov. 18.?Tho Na
tional (.trailgo convoncd. All tho
States and territories except two woro
represented. The report of tho Executive
Committee was discussed. In
regard to the busness of the difforont
Agencies, iho report says, eomo cities
arc doing a very largo businoss nivl
have in the aggregate millions of doling
? 'i
tiiiuu in ubuui lunjiuuts biiuy ?ru
unsatisfactory and fall short of tho
bonefUs which ought to ho roalizod.
The commission system of ordors fs
eaid to bo false in theory and unjust
to members and thcrcforo, in tho
minds el the committee, another method
of Belling is deemed noceseary
for tho good of the order. Such a
system the eommitioo begs lcavo to
submit plans of at a future day and fs
satisfied will meet with gonernl ap*
proval. In conclusion tho committeo
recommends tho employment of loc*
turers to canvass tho country and
make known tho true aim and objoctn
of tho order, thereby eorrccting ibo
wrong impressions which now oxifit
in the minds of many worthy people
concerning tbo Patrons of Husbandry.
Miss Julia Jackson.?One of tho
most touching incidents ot tho day,
was the action of a, battle scarred
veteran, who had followed Jackson
from the breaking out of tho war to
iho end of his career, lie tuld Dr?
llo^e that he wanted the privilege cf
kissing Jackaon'a only child, to which
bjth Mis Jackson and the daughter
consented. Tho old veteran kissed
the blushing child, and departed, eat
i^nuii 111 m ino privilege no naa enjoyed
was* "glory enough for ono
day."?Richmond hotter to Lynch?
burg News.
<4l>
Woutii Tkstinu ?Save tbo tea
leaves for a lew days, then stoop
tliem in a tin pail or pan for bali ati
hour, strain through a seivo and uso
tlie liquid to wash all varnished paint.
It requires very little "elbow polish/
as I ho tea nets as a strong detergent,
cleansing tlio paint from nil impurit
iieR, and making the varnish equal to
j new. It clcmirt window sashes and
oil cloth; indeed, any varnish eurlaco
is imprrovo I l>y itb application. It
washes window panes and mirrors
much better than water, and is excellent
tor cleansing black walnut
picture and lo king glass frames. It
will nut do to wa?h unvarnished
paints with it.
A fashionable woman's clothes
> weigh twenty four |>oimkIh, cxchsHivo
i of hat, (ui'H ami rubhoi'H, whilo a nmns
! outfit har<lly gor.s over (ifltion pounds.
( 'I'lna iu i Iron Oiiiiul Imvu/nr ai* nn/l
?" ?* ' ' ' "IllllrlJ, IM/IIVf VI) MIIU
- any woman m at, lil?oi (y to carry as
- much as a tnulu uan draw, if slio wants
t?>. I

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