THE PICKENS SENTINEL.
DEVOTED TO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND TO THE GENERAL INTEREST OF THE COUNTRY.
VOL. V. ElC&ENS, S. 0., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1875. NO. 15.
_ _ ?i ?
Son a tor Cochran, of Anderson, has
writton a lotlor in which ho proposes
certain amendments, ol wlrch the following
is a brief outlino.
1. Fix constitutionally tho public
debt as is now fixed by legislative
2. ltosist tho powora of tho logisla
luro ior lovying taxes aiul making
appropriations. Itoquiro such to bo
Bpocific and not to oxcoed a given
amount for any fiscal year.
8. Mako the logislativo sessions
bionnial, and change tho day of meeting
to tho second Tuesday in January.
Make tho pay of legislators 8800 for
a eossion of thirty days, 8700 for forty
days, SGOO for sixty days, and $500
for a longor timo.
4. llcstrict tho tho courts to two
terms for each county, annually, res
sorving to tho judgos tho right to call
special tonus for session business only.
Also provido that court bo held at
seasons reasonably convonient for tho
5. i'rovido that oach county shall
lio roprosonted in proportion to tho
ratio of votes actually polled at its
nlnf*tinna t l?n nnmluu? l?r?tnnnn??
to oxcooil that shown by its connus
to bo qualifiod to voto.
G, Allow no Govornor, Stato ofHeor
orjudgo to bo absont from his post,
oxcopt in very low and special eases,
or by loavo of tho Legislature.
7. It should bo provided that no
jibraon holding oflico should bo clliglo
to any other otlleo during tho timo for
> ^hich ho was olcctod.
8. Allow iho Uovornor to vetoscctionsofany
bill for tho oxpcndituro of
monoy or tho croation of a debt withs
"Out prejudico to tho rost.
9. Provcnt tho (Joncral Assembly"
from passing any bill or special law,
or from granting any poworor privileges
that can be provided for by a
I..... I ' - ?
gvnviiii iin> j ur h iiuiu i/uu nuuris can
bo mndo competent to grant tho ro~
lftf asked for.
^40- Rcquiro that taxes bo uniform
upon tho samo class of properly of
Hubjcct, but allow tho Legislature to
authorize a tax by license on peddlers,
auctioneers, brokers, merchants, profiW.sions,
showmen, liquor dealers, toll
bridges and l'orrios. insurniu-n nom?
panics, tolegraph and express oftices,
railroad intorestor business, traveling
agents or venders, and all persons or
corporations owning or using franchise,
11. Forbid tho Legislature to audit
or to allow any private claims against
12. Emoower tho "Lofrialntnro In
t # O | ~
provont any unjust discrimination in
freight on railroads, in tho Stale, as
botwoon way Stations and tho tormini
of tho road.
13. Roquiro Stato officers to mako
their reports wilhing three days aftor
tho mooting of tho General Assembly,
on pain ofjinstant romoval from ofllco.
14. Ivet no ono ollegiblo to a Stato
oftino whn IvflQ Iwmii o !?'*
State fivo yonrg, or to a county oflico
who has not rofiidcd within such
county as a citizen lor ono your immediately
prcccdini; his election or appointment.
15. Provido that all phospbatn royalties
and otner sourcos of rovonuo to
i!:o Hiate, other tliaa taxes levied by
the Genoral Assombly, bo Hot apart
for freo school purposes.
10. No Stato or county officer should
bo allowed to hold hisofiloomoro than
four out of ovcry six consccutivo
< 17. Define more cloarly tho powers
and duties of the Lieutenant Governor
and provide for cumulative voting or
18. l?cduco the number of State's
(tlliirirlla' Iftt OAnnli.ia ?-v.nr |Ka!?
VVU..V.vr> U.?U WWII
troasurors, auditors, &C. Lot tho
Logislaturo fix for oaoh county tlio
maximum salary to bo paid to ouch
officor, allowing tho countios tho right
to rcduco tho amount to suit thomBolyos.
10. Mako taxos for Stato purposes
directly on tho countios; a irivon a
mount for cach apecilic purposo, nam- j
oil in dollars, instead of mills, and
basod upon tho auditors roport?.
20. i'rovido that no branch of tho
9tato OJovornmont shall contract any
fcnoidontat or continent anconnts. Uc<firiro
tho Legislature to aniiclpato all
oxpensoB of government by a levy and
appropriation specifically mado.
21. I'rovido that convict labor shall
ho utlll/.od on all public works, fitato
tftul county, or on railroads, guarded
by appropriate and humano laws.
22. Fix tho legal raloof interest at
sovOn por oont. and rcquiro tho legislature
to pass such laws as will, in
f;onoral prevent tho collection of a
2!J. .I'jrotoct and oncourago tho rais*.
ing of sheep by empowering tho Legislaturo
to lovy a special tax on dous.
24. licftl ontftto should bo ftssenaod
' 2f). Should forbid any officcr from
depositing school, count}' or court
funds outsido tho county to which it
belongs, unions thoro bo no bank of
good standing in such county. Should
nlno rcquiro tho St>?to Treasurer to do^
posit all tax monoy to tho specific account
lor which it wftfl lovicd and
cuuucieu, tho samo to bo drawn upon
only in payment ot such specific appropriations.
Should provido that no
State oHiecr should sorvo on any
hoard, committoo or commission.
County Commissioners should bo required
to apportion tho tax levied and
collected lgr county purposes boforo
mo samo is collected, which shall constitute
a specific fund for various
county and court purposes. And,
provide that commissioners of elec-<
tion should bo oloc'.ed by tho Uoncral
.? tm ^ tm
rr rp ? / <
iiiiuii XX.UM.?11 urani is tno only
man who can Icoop tho country out of
tho hands of tho Democratic party it
is high timo the country was in tho
hands of that party. Whonovor tho
timo comos that thoro is but one citizen
of tho republic capablo of tho
Chiof Magistracy, it is not worth
wh'lo to talk of saving tho country,
for it is already lost. Thosn who am
fawning upon tho Prcsidont, and scok-*
ing to fostor in him an ambition to
porpctuato himself in tho oflico to
which ho was advanced, and which
has not gained in glory from his accession,
aro oither downright, incorrigible
fools, or they aro rascals, and
ircaciiorous to tlio cause of Republicanism.
Toleration cannot bo bad in
this country for military "saviors of
socioty." Tbo country is bettor than
ils fame, purer tban its administration,
groater than its servants; and if
wo aro not mifitiiknn tlm Umviiiiinnn
party itself will bo lound amplo for
tlio extinction of Grantism. If it is
not, tho tunc will have arrived when,
in tho competition of blundering, tho
Republicans will exceed the Democrats,
and perversity pass away from
Pay Your PastorAs
the year is drawing to a close,
and as yon arc making arrangements
to pay your teachers, physicians, merchants
and others, do not forgot your
obligations to pay him who, during
I It A tfAll II 4 C 1\ *w? 4 ? 1 ^ ? - - *
11iv j\>ih, mif iiiuiiMtei'i.'n 10 you in
spiritual tilings.This debt is equals
iy biiiviing with others, and yon can
not, with ft clear conscienco, noglect
or refuso to discharge it. You say
"tho times are hard, and I cannot pay
only what I ani obliged to." Your
obligations, then, arc legally, and not
morally binding aro they? Supposo
tho times aro hard with you, who
liavo been blossod with good crops,
now much harder aro they with your
ministor who relies ontiroly for a
support upon tho honor of thoso for
whom ho has labored? And if you pay
not him, how is ho to pay thoso who
have furnished him and his famiiy
with supplies during tho year.?
Perhaps you are roady to say, "Let
I. ADA tli l? A ?"? <"? "1*1" *- ? 1 * . - I
1/iiudu n hu jiiij uuiu pn.y lih: proaonor,
but havo tno cxcuacd, for it is all that
I can do to support mysolf." Why
not offer tlio same cxcuso in regard
to your teacher,physician, and others?
When you joined tho church, did you
not take upon yoursoll tho obligation
to do your duty? And is it not your
duty to do your wart in bunuortinf?
V W ?. 11 O
tho gospol? JIavo you nnd yout
family been benefited by tlio man
whom you havo rocoivod a.s your pas*?
tor, and who has labored for your
good through heat ami through cold,
and not satisfied to give 110 equivalent
lor tho bonofit rocoivod? Is it right,
in it just, to pay liiin nothing; and can
you bo a christian, and hopo to got to
hoavon, whilo living in willful nogloct
of a plain, positivo and roasoiiablo
duty? Call your wifo and children
around you, and sottlo thcso questions i
and this mailer be tore your proachor
loaves liis work. If you honobl'y
think that tho gospel should bo furn*?
ishod you for nothing, j'ou are in iho
wrong pow?Iho Hard shell in tho
church for you.
4 ? ?
Kj'Autanhijkw, Dec. 2.?A numbar
of Convicts oflcnpocl from thoatockado
on tho Spartanburg and Ashovillu
Railroad, on Tuosdny night. Homo
liavo been captured near YVollford^nd
othors arc skulking through Groonvillo
and Laurona countios. A liberal
rovayd will bo paid for thoir capturo.
Sketch of Vice-President Wilson's LifeHenry
Wilson was born at Farmington,
N. II., February 10, 18112, and
uiou in iuo uapitol building at Wash*
ington, Novombor 22, 1875, in tho
Bixty-fiflh year of his a^o. Tho iinmcdiato
oauso of his death was apoplexy.
Like Andrew Johnson, his
Oarly lifo was a strugglo with povs
orty. Tho lives ot both men illusx
trato tho aphorism that there is no
royal road to learning. Thoso two
men were about the Maine ago. Tboy
were both poor and unlettered, and
bad no oarly advantages whatovor.?
Mr. Johnson was a tailor and Mr.
Wilson a shoomaker. Both had pluck,
filini'ffr nml nliit.inn ntnl inrlnoti.tr
F3J ^"1 """ "J .I.VAUUVIJT
and hard study tlicy succeed in the
struggle for lifo and obtained placo
and proferment, both filling tho high,
est political positions in tho gift of
t.ho Amorican people. Tho history
of tllCSO nion should nrnvn nn i nnnn^
tivo to all young men who havo a
desiro to study and improve thornSol
At ton 3'oars of ago Henry Wilso"
was appronticod to si farmer in tho
town of Farmington, with whom ho
remained for olovnn vnnva
? ? . J . - ? *
this tiino ho road everything that
camo within hit* reach, so great was
his thirst for reading. Obtaining ac~
cess to a pnvato library, ho read,
while an appronticc by, 0110 thousand
..^.1 ? a i t >
v ui u imjct, nub LilKlliJ^ tllllU 111)111 1113
work hours, but rending sometimes
by firelight, sometimes by moonlight
at night, ami on Sunday afternoons.
At Iho a^o of twenty ono ho went to
Natick, Massachusetts, walking and
carrying liis pack, and hi rod himself
i j : 11 i . i _ i i *
iu u BiiuuiiitiKur mi iiu iiud learned
111 o trado. After working at it two
years, lie placed his money in the
hand^bf a person in trust and began
to study again. Lotting his earnings
by tho i'ailuro ol this person, he
returned to Natielc and pursued his
Soon alter this he cntored polities
riQ n Wln<f < nl.'iiuf *?? it'n nmd 5
" " Ol 'O vw.v u ...
tlio Harrison campaign. From this
time ho bccamo a prominent fignro in
Stato and National politics, being
electcd to both branches of Iho Stato
Legislature repeatedly. From this
j cntranco into politics bo became one
oftbo most earnest, steadfast. and
uncompromising iocs to slavery that
that institution ovor had. IIo established
a daily paper, tho Boston Jio-.
publican, in tlio intorcst of Free Soilism,
withdraw both from tho Amori>
can and Whig party beoauso thoy
f a !ni i.-. a ont i_olnttAi?tr vn
;(' livu \/Kf 1 IIVV/I |'UI i?bV tVIIl/1 OliVl \J I J * U"?
solulions in their platforms, and was
tho author ami defender of tho rcso?*
I it Lion in tho Massachusetts Legislaturo
which declared tho unalterable
opposition of thai Stato to tho institution.
Having been President of the Stato
Senate twico, and of several largo conventions
in tho intorest of Froo Soilisrn,
ho was elected in 1855 to succeed
TJ*.I I T.,',7T?:i. l C'1.1
UUIIII1U UVUIUIK iin UHlkUU OLllliUM
Sonator from Massachusetts, and signalized
11ia ontranco there by a re.io^
lution for tbo ropoal of tho fugitivo
slave law. J [is spcech against Mr.
Brooks, of South Carolina, for attacks
: ai.. -?.i i.s~ ?..i
IM^ 1*11. milllllUl, illlU 111N FW UOUl|llUII 1/
refusal to accept Mr. Brooks' challenge
to light a duol on tho ground
that ho did not believe in dueling, but
did bcliovo in tho right of solf defense,
are matters of history. During tho
war of sceossion tho testimony of Mr.
Camoron, the Secretary of War, was
that "No man in tho whole country
had dono tuoro to aid tlio War Do-?
partinont in preparing tlio might
army now tuulor arms." Altor the
war Mr, Wilson wan nominated and
olcctod Vico Prosidonl in General
GranL'h hccoiuI Presidential campaign.
"Thoro may bo such n thing an lovo
at first sight," romarUod a Detroit
girl as who twisted a "Iriz" along Die
curling iron, "but I don't boliovo in
it. There's Fred, I saw him a hundred
times before I loved him. In
faro, f should not havo fallen in lovo
when 1 did, if his iathor hadn't givon
him that house and lot."
Tho Handwriting of Great Men.
Tho Duko of Wellington's writing
i i :ui- ?;?i- ?
v? <10 mrgu unu loruioie, Willi IIo !ll>
tornpt at decoration. During tho
last ton years c( his lifo, howovcr, his
writing was indifferent and oltcn
illegible. None but a compositor in
l a newspaper ofiico, accustomed to all
sorts ol hioroglyphice, could possibly
decipher the characters. A letter ol
his to a minister in Lord Derby's
cabinet has not to this day been nnj
ravelled. Nino out of every ten
of the Duko's lottors treasured by au
tograpli Itmiters were written l>y his
secretary, Mr. Grevillo, who wiote a
hand very much like that of the
Duke in his beat days.
Lord Brougham's hand betrayod
much nnconquerablo restlessness ol
impulse, His manuscript was a mass
ot hierofflvnhicst and according hi
CJ 1/ i t D
Dr. Ulcnkisnop, in all Mr. Clowo'a
extensive printing establishment in
London, there was only ono man
competent to gi apple with it, and ho
often gave up in despair.
Lord Palmerston wrote a loose,
froo hand, nioro definite in execution
than Disraeli's. Lord Aberdeen
wrote a prccieo and beautiful letter,
betraying neitlior passion nor inipnleo.
The bold and careless freedom
of Bryon'a handwriting, coinparod to
tho elegant little prottinosa of Tom
More's, reveals very clearly tho po
i: ^lii!? *i.~ ?. * - -
uuiuw ui uiu iwu gruiu poorg
Tlio elegant precision of Ileman's
penmanship and t lie free hut clear and
elligiblo abandon of L. E. Landon'a,
wore equally characteristic of their
Tho royal family of England have
generally writlen good, clear and frco
hand. William IV wroto a "remark
ably plain and loyi'olo hand, ami
that ot his brother George was showy
and fluent. Queen Victoria has an
elegant signature. Locko says that
tho faster a man writes, the slower
others read what ho has written. Na
poleon could writo fourteen pages in
a minute; unfortunately, however,
<jach pago consisted or eight blots and
a splattor. Sotno uf his linos to
Maria Louisa-appear as it scattered
ovor the paper by tho explosion ot u
Jules Jauin, the famons fouilleton
writer is known in Paris as tho jour
| nalist who writos tho most iilogiblo
hand. Only two old compositors at
tho Journal des Dobats aro ablo to
decipher his hieroglyphics; and often
thoy havo to send sheets of his manuscript
which they cannot read, back
to its author. Janin then novor reads
the illegible words to them, but
quickly writes another sheet. George
fsa n/1 Ci'i va olift r\r\nCk li'mn
Janin a letter of which she and her
;ic<jLua:ntance8, despite their most
strenuous ellort, never were able to
decipher moro than two words.
Horace Groeloy's manuscript i8
very illegible. A wag once observed
that the sentence, "Virtue is its own
reward, written by Mr. urecly, was
rendered by tho compositor into
"Washington with soap is wholly
absurd." lion. Thad. Stevens, the
"Old Commoner," wrote an illo^iblo
hand, llis signature was little more
than tho scrawlod initials, with a
slicrt z'gzag lino following each of
them. Wo once had occasion to
writo to him, and received a lottcr in
roply which wo found iiiipoaaiblo to
road, though professing to ho apt at
<1cci:>htiriiifjr manuscrmts. Two who.lift
afterward wo handed Mr. IStovona
lliu lottor. lie could not read it him*
solf until \?'0 gave him a duo by reminding
liiin of llio matter wo had
mado inquiry about.
A president of ono of our popular
railroads onco wrote to an old 1.inner,
reonesting him to reniovo some shed
ding along tlio lino. Tho old farmer
could not make it out and believing
it to bo a froo ]>US8, used it as such
for a year, none of the conductors
presuming to dispnto the construes
tion ho had put upon tlio scrawlMany
ludicrous and many serious
blunders liavo resulted from tlio want
of legibility in writing. In m-nnf nf
* o' ? r"vv* Vi
iho former, wo might instanco tho
cargo of monkoys in which ease "two"
badly written was taken for "ono
hundred" in numerals; and, in proof
of (he latter, wo might instanco the
civil war that ensued in the time of
Louis XIV. from a mieconstructcd
letter. A dispatch intended for the
fiery Prince Condo was carried by
u courier from the court to Anger?
ville. instead of Aunmrvillo. Tim
conciliatory missive by the ill writing
of the letter "11," failed to come to
hand at the proper timo and place*
and the Prince continued thoso rapid
movements that were followed by a
civil war. Thoso who write for tho
press should try 10 *^?t,e '.heir writ'
ing clear and legiblo. Proper names, j
technical terms, quotations troin foreign
language, otc., should be written
with special plainness. Printers'
eyes are not microscopic, and the
supposition that they are walking encyclopedias,
and proverbially clever*
will not always save an author from
tho disgrace of his own blunders.
The mercantile class in goneral,
write gracefully and legibly. As
clerks they do so by constraint.
Lawyers' writing is bold, largo, and
widely lined. Literary moil, thoso
of painful, unceasing research, write
close, cramped and elegant hands.
In many old and valuablo manuscripts
uniformity is preserved
throughout?tho eame character ot
letter, llio sumo sliiulo of ink, the |
same size and siopo are all preserved
from the bo?jiiining to t he end of the
r> m ..
largo volumo. Nothing, scarcely,
can exceed their beauty. Capitals
and particular words are emblazoned,
by being written in letters of gold, or
inks of brilliant and beautiful colors
strongly contrasting with the deep
b'ack it tho body of the writingMany
of them aro the work of monks
who laid great perseverance, uniformity
o! temper, and Hofuicty of mind.
Wo road, with a kind of vague in
credulity, that a Spanish divine composed,
copied out, and corrected
from the press a hundred huge folio
volumes. But the most astounding
labors can bo nccomuliahed bv :i firm
? r - J -- -- - ?
ami unshaken purpose, carried into
ofect by untirir.g perseverance. "Nulla
dies sine linoa"?no day without a
line?is tho sccrct of authorship.
Mudaino do Sevigne, who declarod
that she doomed tho labor of writing
a book utterly beyond tho power of
i : 1 i.~ - i
"fi iiiuuauj, Wii? UUII YIIIUIHI, uy CDI*
lectin^ and publishing the letters that
811c had written as an amusement,
that sho had actually accompliohed
the Herculean labor without being
aware ol' it.
The Gates Divorce Casein
tlio Titus Oatei divorco ease
now pending in the Chancery Court,
in which Mrs. James A. Oates Titus
prays tor a divorco from her hus
band, Tracy W. Titus, several depo
sitions for ti o plaintiff' have Itecn
tnkon. Miss Paulino Morritt, a sistcr
of Mrs. Titus, played at Macauley's
Tlicati'o a few weeks ago, and
after licr engagement romainod in
the city for some days, stopping at
the residenco ot licr mother. During
11)in time her deposition in tiic
ease wan taken. Shu staten that the
pluintilV married the defendant at the
Southern Hotel, in St. Louis, and
that at tho time ot the marriarro I lit!
(lufoiuliiiit Iuivl no monoy ?>f Itin own,
and tin) plaintiffsupported l>??tIt hersoli
and tho defendant. That Titim
was a drinking man, and, in addi
Won lo that, nustrealeu his wile and
Kjuandorcd Iter money. That for
tf 10 past two years lie lias been a con.
firmed drunkard, and would at times
go without speaking to his wife for
two weeks, during which time lie
would refuse to take her to the table,
or go with her to the theatre. That
ho ncvor nttondcd to bueinese, and
did no labor wliatevor. While io
St. Louis in January, 1875,rIio state#
Tit us treated his wifo very badly and
did not8|)calc to her for three or four
weeks. Although his wife was ill
at tho time ho failed to pay any a*tonlion
to her, and eho eont to tbis
city for her mother to uureo her.?
Whilo in Kansas City ho cursed and
?i i i.!~ ? ;r. t.- - e
uu.isuu nib \\iiu duchiisc sue roiusoci
to piny at tho matinco when she was
sick, and, on tlmt occasion, ho also
threatened to take his trunk and leave
her. She pleaded with him to re*
?...i ........ ??-i 1
iiitimi, aim iivj ?v;ui uilt illlU gUl WIIHIK*
Tlio witness was sent for about four
o'clock in the morning, and remained
in the hall talking to Titns until
six o'clock, pleading with him not to
desert his wife. Whilo in Philadelphia
in October, 1874, he also troat*
ed his wife very badly, and on one
...i? 1-- ?~ i f?
uwuuoiuii, wiivu nuu ?|iuku iu mill
about business, lie told her roughly
that she did not know anything about
business, and pushed her, and she
would have fallen down tho steps but
that tho witness was coining up and
caught her. Sho states that ho hand*
led all tho money, and when tho
plaintiff asked liim for money ho
would say lie did not have any, and
would then go out and spend it in
drinking. While in ban Francisco
in January, 1875, his treatment of
her was such that 6ho was cornpellod
to hnvo tho attendance of a physician
behind the 6ccnc3 while fulfilling her
engngeir.ont at the theatre. It was
in that city they parted, and tho witness
states that the defendant took
his trunk from Ihu pluintitt's room
and left the hotel. The next day tho
plaintiff eamo to tho witness and
since that time has lived apart from
Klin fiirtlipi" Rtnton tli-it ilia ilnfundu
ant is a man of disagreeable temper*
The plaintiff* had always attondod to
her own business, but niter her mar?
riago with tho defendant ho would
not let hor ask him any questions or
say anything to him about business;
if sho did lio would shut her up na
though she was a ciiiid, uuu this, no
mutter what tho i:hioo or who wm
present, before tho company or iu
tho thcatro. Ho nlways treated her
unkindly, and would curse her and
talk roughly to her. She aUo staled
that tho plaintiff had always tried to
live happily with the defendant, and
had, up to the time of their separation,
endcavorod to hido all hia
i lie deposition of Mattio Donko,
tlio wailing maid of Mrs Titus, was
taken at tho Exchango Hotel, in
Richmond, Vra., and has boon fdod
in the court. Sho states that she has
known Titus fur four years, and that
he was very ill tempered at times;
that sho heard him curse plaintiff in
St. Louis in June, 1875. Titus had
never been kind to bia wife since sho
know them?that is since their tnarriugo?cxcopt
tor a few months after
the aaiil man iage. Sue also rt;fer^
rod to the absence ami neglect of tho
plaintiO'on tho part of the defendant,
, .1 i -- ? '
iw uuiiiuuu i?y me omer wnneRses,
ami stated that though she had never
seen Titus actually stiiko his wife,
she saw him shake her in Philadel*
pliin, and heaid him tell Iter "that if
she was a man ho would knock her
head oil' her." Sho also states that
when the company was playing in
i.:.. ? - ? - '
111la i;u.> ?" I'liinviuu nouses, piamti
tasked defendant fur $5, and, in a
cross manner, ho asked lior wliat slio
No other steps have jet been tak*
en in the ease beyond notifying the
non resilient defendant, Tracy Titus,
to appear, and it is probable that the
cuso win hoc do tiucuieu lor soveral
- 4^ .
Major A. It. IiroylcB, of Antioraon,
ban mirclmscd tho nlnntuiinn i/nnwn
na Lho Maxwell placo, near Townvillo,
paying $l,00O oauli lor it.
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