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THE PICKENS SENTINEL.
X | _
DEVOTED TO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND TO THE GENERAL INTEREST OF TIIE COUNTRY.
VOL. Y. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY^
y To the Citizens of Piekens County.
Colulmdia, S. C., Fob. 9, 1870.
Having boon nppointod by the Exocntivo
Committoo of tho Domop.rfit.in
party of South Carolina, to organize
Democratic Clubs in Pickoos, I do
hereby call upon all good pooplo
to aid mo in that work. I am cons
vincod by tho acts of tho party in
power in this Stato, that a largo majority
oi tbom novor intend any roal
reform, consequently our only hope
for an honest, just and economical
governmont, must como from and
through the Democratic party, whoso
flole purpose is to havo honest, corns
potent, and just mon in oflico, who
will not intorforo with tho rights of
?ny?but on tho contrary will guar,
antee protection to all her citizens. I
therefore, call apon all good citizons
nf Pirtlfflno Pniint ?? ??1 -* *L
M vwvun vrvuuujr tu llJUUb ui inoir
various voting prooinots on tho 1st
Saturday in March next, for tho purpose
of organizing and ?looting Dologates
to a County Convention, to bo
bold at PiokensC. II. on tho Saturday
following, to elect an Kxocutivo Committoo
for the County, and Dologatoe
r? tl.A o???? " ?
?~r MIU kJWIVU VUUVUllUOIl, LO DO 111
4 readinoss whon called; and, for tho
purposo of perfecting thoso organizations,
I appoint iho following namod
persons of each Township, whoso duty
J it will bo to organizo tho various clubs,
Pickensville.?T M Wclborn, T \V
ltussoll, J. W. Brunson. J 11 Gosantt.
J S Lnthnm.
Salubrity.?J It Holcombo, W G
Fiold, Dr. Goorgo Robinson, M T
Smith, A 1 Clayton.
Garvin.?E II Lawronco, J J Lowib,
F V Clayton, B J Johnson, F L
Eadcy.?J J Herd, F C Parsons, L
TKnmoo 'P ?T m ?r . .
uvMiwg, jl (T AUIIUBUII, JL ill. iVlOX ndor.
Pickens C. H.?it A Child, W T
Bowcn, O P Field, lliloy Simmons, W
Dacusville.?B F Morgan,!1 TLooper,
J B Sutherland, W W Bright,
Pumpkintown.?J A Bates, Mathow
CiilloBpie, Allen Edons, J T Burdino,
Eastatoe.?*J T Lowis, William Nimmons,
T N MoKiunoy, Jacob Lowis,
J O Moeoly,
Tbroo Dologatcs from oacb Town>
fillip Should bo olectod to thn Hnnntv
Convention?tho County will be ontitled
to two Delegates to tho Stato
B. E. J JO WEN
A SCKNK IN CONOUKSS.?An intnr
eating lottor from Washington, doss
criptivo of tho sconos that occurrod
during tho rocont dobuto in tho Ilouso
* of Representatives on tho amnesty
bill, in roforring to tho point of timo
whon Mr. Blaino chargcd ox-Prosidont
Davis with boing a willful murderer.
llva lnMr>r onvo.
"The oxoitomont in the Houso at
this point was intonso, but it grow to
whito fovor liout wlion tho ox Speak-,
er said: 'And I hero, boforo God,
measuring my words, knowing their
ftall oxtont and import, doclaro that
neither tho deeds of tho Duko of Alva
in the low countries nnr tim ?v>nao..?..n.
J v. v.?v III I U
of Saint Bartholomew, nor tho thumb
orow and onginos of torturo of tho
Spanish inquisition, bogin to oompare
in atrocity with tho hidoous crimo o'
In an instant, Mr. M. Robbins, of
North Carolina, sprang to his foot,
and with powerful omplmsiH sont ringing
through tho obambor tho roply:
imi - A i- ? * " * "
'xnnx, is an iniamous Biandorl' Tho
effoot was olootrioal. Tho hn.ll rang
with applauso, and tho bafllod rago of
tho raan who is Booking to walk into
tho Prosidonoy ovor blooding hearts
was indosoribablo. Blaino turned
~ i ? ? ? .1 U1 I -II "
f will x> mm uiuu nuu Ull HOl'lH OI COIOrS,
for ho bad at last mot a man who in
montftl powors is his equal, and in
honesty of purpose and phyaioal courage
Power hath not halt tho might of
Produoe Tour Own SuppliesTho
Southom section of tho United
Statee is, by nature, admirably adadapted
to agricultural pursuits. Tho
' soil and tho olimato aro such as to
f mnlrn Ua Qah*U ^
uiiv uuui/ii uiii|juutiuitiijr u mi'ining
orountry. Tho formor is oithor
rich and productivo, or capablo of
boing mndo so. Tho lftttor is favora~
bio to tho maturing of all fruits and
coroals found in tho tomporato zonos,
and many of tnoso found in tho torrid
zono. Clovor, and an almost ondloss
variety of grassos, suitod both for pas
turago and long forago, grow and
flourish in most sootions of tho South.
Whoat, ryo, barloy, oats, poas, beans
an/l -1" 11. 1 --- "
jLiiuiaii uuiu uu wmij uuu 111 1110
samo rogion, cotton, homp, flax, tobacco
and indigo yield abundant crops.
With rogard to fruits, tho South can
boast of apples, poaches, figs, plums,
chorrios, strawborrios, raspborrioa and
grapes. No country in tho world is
bottor adantod to tho nrmlnnt.inn r?f
I - -- , I- ""
swoot potatoos than tho South, and
tho Irish potato yiolds, with liltlo culture,
Woro thoso unvarnishod facts stated
to ono who had novor been in tho
Southern country, and woro ho told
in addition to thoso things that tho
South abounds in magnificent rivors
and beautiful lakos, ho would conaI.-x
ii.v n ? i - -
uiuuu luui> iuo ouuiuorn section ot tho
United Statos is tho host portion of
tho globo. llo would conoludo that
tho people were surrounded by all tho
comforts of lifo anil enjoyed all tho
luxuries of tho world. Ilo would imagino
that tho cribs of Southern farmors
wcro filled with corn, their gran
anes won stored with wheat, ryo, barIcy
and oats; that thoir barns wore
filled with the choicost hay, and tlmt
their stables woro filled with the finest
horses and mules, and their fields
with tho finest cattle. lie would
imagine that to cvory farm thero was
attached an orchard filled with a vast
variety ot tho choicest fruit. He
would also conclude that tho table of
u Southern farmor was loaded daily,
not only with tho noeossstios of lifo,
but was covcrcd vith tho choicest luxuries.
Ho would imagine that upon
it wore placod dishes of tho richcst
buttor and bowls of tho purest niilki
and fruits of tho most dolicious flavor
and tho sweetest tasto.
YVoro such a ono to visit tho South,
no would una things very ditt'oront
from what ho oxpoetcd. On many
farms ho would find no ryo, no oats,
no wheat, no hay, no corn, no bacon,
no buttor, no milk, no orchard and no
meadow. IIo would find a fow loan
mulos and horsos, and possibly a poor
cow; but not a hog nor shoop. If in
what is called tho cotton bolt of tho
South, ho would soo a cotton gin and
a low bales of cotton. This and noth*?
ing moro. In this region ho would
hoar thom complaining of had crops,
tho low prioo of cotton, tho unroliabloncss
of labor, tho high taxes, tho high
prico of corn and baoon, and hard
timos generally. Notwithstanding all
that has boon said in hnnlrn iiml nnwa.
papers about tho oxcolloncy of tho
South as a farming country, ho would
conclude that tho South, in fact, judging
from tho praotico of tho farmore,
wan woll adaptod to tho cultivation of
but vory fow things. lie would conclude
that whoro cotton will grow
nothing ol?o will grow. Such a con|
elusion would bo roadily roaohod by a
Btvangor from tho fact that in tho rogion
wore ho saw cotton growing ho
saw nothing clso cultivatod. If ho
woro told that tho country is woll
adaptod to many other things, he
would bo promptod, by instinct, to
apk why thon aro thoso things not
This would bo a sonsiblo quostion;
and ono which ovory farmor should
ask himself. If tho South can raiso
ZiAitn utltiT /I /\aa /.U a KnxA * 4 a I.
wi ii) tthj uuon oiiu iiuvu it nun I tU IIU1"
from othor suctions of tho country? If
tho South can produco hor own supplies,
why doos she not do it?
It is roudily admitted that, as a
monoy crop for tho South, ihoro in
nothing equal to cotton; but tho country
noods something olso bosidos
j monoy. it, may do mat the cotton I
that can bo produood on nn acrooi'j
land will buy raoro corn than could
bo producod upon that aero. This
may bo truo, and still it may bo truo
iL-i -11 ?'
mm, nu conon ana no corn is a bac^
A divorslty ot crops on tho Bnmo
farm has many advantages. Tho vory
samonoes which is prosontod constant^
ly to tho mind of tho farmer, who
cultivates bul ono kind of crop produces
weariness. IIo bocomcs dispir^
' itod. Tho human mind is so constiI
tutod that it absolutely roquires variety.
This varioty is soon in hill
mountain and dulo. A variety of
crops infusos onorgy into tho laborer.
mrmor can maico ms own supplies,
and nearly as much cotton or any
othor monoy crop, as ho can whon ho
makes no effort to produco any supplios
at all. This may bo thought
oxtravagant; but if any ono will tako
tho troublo to look into tho faots in
tho caso, ho will conclude that tho
statomont is corroet.
Anrnin* o 11
??. uiYuiouy ui urupa cnaoies
tho farmor to savo his land. It mattors
not what crop it is, if it bo planted
your aftor year on tho samo land,
tlio soil will becomo oxhaustod. To
koep it up will roquiro much labor
and great oxponeo in tho way of manure.
By a diversity of crops, tho
farmer is ablo to rule tho markot and
not bo ruled hv tlm mnvb-^? :?
. ? - ... W U.MI avv. il Its IV
matter of universal observation that
those farmers who dovotn thoir wholo
attention to a rnonoy crop, and mako
no effort to produco thoir own supplies,
aro wholly under the control of
circumslancos which they might control,
if they saw fit so to do. Tho
tlioory of Southern formers with ros
yuut to conon is absolutely correct, |
but their practico is absolutely wrong.
They all admit that there is too
much attention paid to tho cultivation
of cotton and not enough lo tho producing
of supplies. If they know
what is right and what is wrong, why
do they not do what is right? It
is admitted that if tho Southorn people
would produeo thoir own corn,
flour and baoon, and what cotton, bo- I
I ? ' ?
uuvi^ UUU1U, >VW WUUIU OO il pi'08?
porous pooplo. Why is this not done?
Generally speaking, thoso fanners who
raiso their own corn, whoat, oats and
bacon, together with a littlo cotton,
aro in oaay circumstances. This is
tho proper timo of tho year to tako
this mattor into consideration. If tho
farmers of tho South will plant tho
same number of acres in corn that
uuuy fjimib in cotton, ana (lovoto tho
flamo attontion to its cultivation that
thoy usually do to tho cultivation of
tho cotton crop, next fall will Gnd our
country in a bottor condition than it
is to day. If our Southern farmors
continuo to produco nothing but cotton
and dopond upon tho market for
broad and moat, tho ond will soon
The Philadelphia Times says: Moro
troops are wanted?this time in South
Catolina, and Senator Morton should
not stand upon the order of his demand
for them. Two unconvicted
outlaws have boon elected Judges in
South Carolina, and an obstinate
Governor refuses to commission
them, and what is still worse, tho
Legislature has been unable to take
from Governor Chamberlain tho ap,
fc -i. ~1 - n*
i?7iuwiioiib 01 uiuciiuu oi oiucors.?
There must bo more troops at onco
down that way, or things will go to
eternal smash. If Morton doubts it,
lot him ask Senator Patterson, who
knows how it is himself. With Moses
and Whippor koptout of their judgeships,
and honest election ofliccrs allowed
to go in. Mortion can't bet a
cent on tho noxt South fWnliiia t.lo?
tion. More tro>pa.
Wfir Throo thousand six hum) rod
dollars oftho taxoa of Darlington woro
recently ovor paid into the Stato
treasury. Two thousand bovoh hundred
dollars havo boon roturnod.
'I don't havo to go to tho nowspa**
pors for my whisky nows' sho romarkod
conftdontially to afiiond, 'I can always
toll it by his broath tho raomont
ho gots into tho bod." ,
Why He LeftCI
? ? ?
oome monins ago Uolonel Bangs
ougaged a young follow named Scuddor
as sub-editor of tho Morning
Argus. On tho day boforo tlio annivoreary
of Bunker Ilill, Hangs asked
Scudder if ho was familiar with that
battlo, and Scudder said ho was. So
Bangs told Scudder ho would liko
him to write up a little sketch of it
ior tno anniversary day, and Scuddor
said ho would try. The next morning
the sketch appeared in the paper
and attracted much attention. VVhon
Bangs taw it ho called Scuddor in
and said: "Mr Scuddor, didn't you
tell mo that you wore familiar with
the battlo of Rnnk?i? 11;ila'' ?v.?
w ?AUM AVJO
sir." "Well, if that is the case, I
will be obligod if you will toll mo
what you mean when von say: "By
4 o'clock the Confederate troops wore 1
ready for the attack. Gen. Washington
had the catapults put in lino to
await their coming; and when Na?
J poleon saw them ho drew his trusty
sword and said, 'Soldiers! twenty
centuries look down upon you.' 1
'No sooner wore tho battering 1
rams leveled against tho wall ol tho
castle than the Duke of Wellington
sent word to his inothor by Gen But\
ler, that he would either win or bo
brought back on hia shield. Then
ordering his men to lire at the white
4l ' 1
ui mo enemy 8 eyes, lie waited the
onset with all that majestic calmness
which ever distinguished the great
hero of Bnena Vista. This was the
very crisis of the battle. Joaii of Arc,
spying (Jen. Jackson behind tho cot
ton bales, dashed at him upon her
snow white charger, swinging her
ponderous battle axe over her head,
r.,:.. i.-:? .....
mil ii?u huh Biruiiuiuig oomnu tier
in tho wind. As lior steed rushed
forward her hair caught in the hough
ol a tree, and as she hung there Sergeant
Iiates shot her through the
heart with a bolt Iroin an arquebus,
her last words were, 'Don't givo up
tho ship!' The Duko could stand it
no longer. Tho Mamelukes had
slain all tho vanguard?Gen. Sickles
had lost his lnrr iinrl ! ?<! " > "
< v II vv? V/?4 <1 J J U I J
sion, and tho enemy's skirmishers
lodged in tho top of the Bunker IIi 1'
Monument, were pouring boiling oi'
on those who attempted to scale it'
Leaping from his horse, lie shouted.
4Up guards, and at them!' aud tho
next moment, with tho clorioiiR finer
ot truce in ono hand and his ssvord
j in tbo other, he hurled hid legions
upon the lava bods, crushing tlio sav
ago foo to tho ouriii, mid killing, atnong
others, tbo well known Goneral
Harrison, afterwards the President
of tho United States.' I think wo
shall have to part, Mr Scudder. It.
seems to mo that you career as ft
journalist ought to end right hero. I
will aceo;?t your resignation. And
it anyone asks your why you left tho
Argus, point out this paragraph, and
say that it was because tho proprietor
was afraid ho'd murder you when
ho roud the statement that, 4at tho
uuuiu 01 liuuKcr mil, uio uonteder*
tilos lost 80,000, and ilio Carthagenians
only GOO, and lliat lliero is no
Bj)ut in Virginia people hold more
sacred than tiiat bloody hill whore
tho bonus of Cromwell liu with those
ot Itodger Williams.' point to that
M.. u i.i? ?
ixngungV) iui UUUUUVIi ill HI VUUl"
friends will understand thosituation.*
A lawyer, about to finish a biJl of
costB, was roquostod by his client, a
bnlcor, to mako it as light as possiblo.
'Ah,' said tho lawyor, 'you might
properly onough say that to tho foroman
of your ostablishmont, but that is
not Lho way 1 mako my bread.'
>m ^ ?A
schoolmaster nuid: "I am liko ;i
bono?I sharpon a numbor of blades*
but wear raysolf out in doing it.'
Bridal toura aro going out of fi\Bhion,
and tl*o young man can onjoy
tl>o bliflsful dayn dirootly undor tho
watohful oyo of liifl mothor'in^law. '
Sensible Southern DomocratsA
Washington dispatch to tlio
Now Ynvl- Hiivnl.l ' l! ' *r
i.viuiu, uuuuilg or nil'.
Davis' recent letter to Judgo Lyons,
uThe letter, people say, is simply
calculated to rovive animoaitina
W..tvw 14 1 1 1 V > I
ought to rest, and shows that Mr.
Davis is slill a soured and impracticable
person, who lias not even tho
tact to remain silent. It is thought
that the letter will arousoagood deal
of bitter fooling in tho North, for
men say Mr. Davis writ.p.n nn
the rebellion was right and tho tie
tenders of tho Union were iu the
wrong and ought to humble themselves
and ask pardon. Sensible
Democrats, Southern men as well as
Northern men, say they regret the
letter, and think it was entirely un
called fur." >
We have heard something too
much of this sort of talk. The damnable
iteration of "policy," "policy"
has becomo as disgusting as is stupid.
Wo would like to know the names
of sotno of these same "sensible South,
ern Democrats" who "regrot" Mr
Davis' letter and think "it was on*
tirely uncalled for." Wo venture
tho prediction that they will not be
in a Lurry to reveal their identity to
their constituents. Tho leader of the
Republican party rises in his place
in Congress and charges Mr. Davis
with outrageous cruelty and inhu
mnnitv Hnl'ononlnan -f 1
j uuiv/uQvitoa pi isuuura 01
war. It Mr. Davis were guilty of
sueli a crime ho would be justly considered
infamous 60 long as his name
could be remembered. Yet because
he does not remain quiet under this
accusation and allow his silence to
be construed as admitting its truth
lie is censured in the harshest terms. |
And when lie answers his accuser
and pronounces his statements false,
Southern Democrats say his letter is
entirely uncalled for." Out upon
such "Southern Democrats," they
ai O tOO Dolitic tO hn O.ntirolil linnnof
Chronicle and Sentinel.
The Usury LawThe
Legislature* is now engaged in
the annual task of seeking to regu?
late the rate of interest on money and
llius to make monav r?liAnn nm)
Some of the wiseacres of that
body imagine that by restricting tho
rate of interest, money will seek investments
in houses and lands and
thus give an impetus to tho material
progress of tho country. The most
natural effect will bo to iuduco the
n.iMlRnlan I iona lnn/lflf ?/ >
wV..wv??*^/uw ivu V4VI vyj 11UU1 U lllg
monoy or invest it outside of the
State, and to turn over the borrower
to tho clntchos of tlie unscrupulous
who will find out a hundred ways of
evading the law.
Tlie only way of making money
plentiful and tho rates of interost low
is to go to hard work, practice econs
'J .11. i ?
omv, uvoiu (icur, Duucl u]) tlio pro*
dnctivo resources of tlio country, bccurc
good government, and just and
equal laws, and moderate taxation,
and capital will then llow in. Tlio-e
would-be refortners coinmenco at tlio
wrong ond when they attempt to forco
capital. It ia the handmaid of in
uustry and cconomy, mid whilst it
may be courted by wieo laws, it cannot
bo coerced by "the power of the
Legislature. It is as free as the
winds and calls no man master. Let
th6ro bo an end of such legislation.?
' The worth of a thing is what it will
bring," and thiu applies to money us
to anything else.
Thoro is a good donl of firo in litis
horso radish,' romarlcod Mrs. Spilkms
nt dinner yostorday. 'Yes, my lovo,'
ropliod Lonndor 'it must havo como
trom tho grate.'
It is a wrotchod way to always
turn tho smoothest sido to tho world
and tho roughest and ooaraost to ono's ,
nearest and doareat frionds.
The Way They Do in Congress.
ci . * ~
oawrday, when 'Big English' saw
that it was g?ing to bo a lonesome
day for the boot blacks, lie set his
head to work to devise something to
break the monotony, says the Detroit
Free I'ress. About 10 o'clock ho
got a number of boys into the alley
behind the post office and organized
the 'Forty-fifth Congress. 'Big KngiSoi.'
? 1 - * - -
..o.. 10 <? ict^iiiar render ot tho daily
papers, and he is a groat organizer*
It took him but fifteen minutes to
get the lllouse' and 'Senate' running
so smoothly that lawyers and others
looked down from their windows with
'Who's ft liar?' yelled ft white headed
hoy us ho jumped up.
'0!i, dry up!' shouted'Sixth Ward
Put him out?ho was in tho rebel
army!' callod a boy from Grand ItirP,r
'Sonic one clubbed my dog fiftcon
years ftgo, ami I can never torgivo
him,' howled ptrawborry Bob.
'Git out the records, and less boo
who was loyul,' put in King's boy.
Big English rapped on his box to
restore order, but King Tommy
throw up iiis hut and yelled:
4I moves lor tho aiases and nozea.7
4lle can't gag me,' shouted a lathy
boy from Windsor.
'Lcb havo a salary grab,1 piped a
Congress street boy.
'Tho pcopul won't stand it,' wboops
'llain't wo tho peopuM' demanded
a boy on the railing.
'Aro wo 0110 country!1 askod tho
Speaker, as ho rose up.
'I are, but y u hainM1 yelped
'Doesn't one flag fl >at fur ue all!1
continued the Spcakor.
'It does about tax time!1 screamed
a cross eycu youth from Springwolls.
Somebody kicked tho honorable
Speaker, lie then struck the honorable
gontlcman from Wisconsin.?
The honorable gentleman from Wis*
conein smashed at tho honorable gentleman
from Georgia, and hair stood
U|/ uuu wtib .tuuo BlUUU our. yy noil
tho row quieted down tho honorable
'It was pretty good for tho first
time, though you didn't abuse each
Siioui.d Any Man Swear.?Wo
can conccivo no reason why any man
should swear, but many reasons why
tie BMoiiiii not:
1. It is mean. A man of high
moral character would almost as ieavo
6teal a eheop as swear.
2. It is vulgar and altogether too
low for a decent man.
3. It is cowaidly?implying a fear
,.r J.u~i:~ i
*ji iivi uuimvuu.
4. It is ungentlcnianly. A gentlo*
mail id too well bred, and refined.
Sncli an 0110 will no more swear than
throw mud with a clod-hoppcr.
5. It is indecent, offensive to delicacy
and unlit for any human ear.
G. It is foolish. A want of decency
is a want ot sense.
7. it is abusive to the mind which
conceives the oath, to the tongues
which utter it, and tho person at
whom it is aimed.
8. It is venomous; it shows man's
heart to he a nest of vipers, and sticks
his head out.
1). It. 1R <>m>tniviii(!l'vln
- IVIIUlllll^ I IIU
respect of tho wiBo and the good.
10. It is wicked, violating tho divine
law, and provoking tlio displeasure
of Ilim who will not hold him
guiltless who taketh His name ir>
That's mi enterprising man who
has jnst paid the Centennial Munai
gera $3,000 for a coi.oossion for pop*
'If thoro ifl nnything which will
mnko my mouth water,' said old top>
or, 'L don't want to sco it.'