THE PICKENS SENTINEL.
DKVOTED TO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND TO TIIE GENERAL INTEREST OF TlIE COUNTRY.
, . _____ . . . , . ?
VOL. V. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, MARCH 2, 1876. ~ NO. 5E
D H- Chamberlain1VIIAT
A REPUBLICAN OUOAN THINKS OF
% * '
' 'Vh r\ YV~nnliinrrtr.il T?nri(il>lii>nn linn
tho following :
Gov. Chamborlain, of South Carolina,
lb at pvosout reeoiving somo notico
trom tho press of tlio country in connectio?
with tho opon lottor addressed
by him to Sonator Morton. It may
not bo unintorosting to our readers
to bo informed something about tho
htitocedonts of tlio man. Wo may
i-omark, on passant, that a fow years
ninnn ("IIInmhnrlnin ivns flnilv rlnnnnnn.
od by tho opposition, press of tho
South as hoing tho most corrupt ;rmn
in South Carolina, and it was to him,
moro than to any othor man, that tho
misgovern men t which afllictod his
State was attributabio. After serving
for a timo as a sergeant, and aftois
wards commissioned oflicer in a colored
cavalry on Iho soa coast of South
Carolina during tho latter yoars of
tho war, Chamberlain sottled down
upon Wadmalaw Island, whero ho en
gaged in tho culturo of Sea Island
cotton. IIo catcred to tho worst prejudices
of tho lately liberated blacks,
and actually conspirod with thom to
prevent tho return of their old owners
to tho homos from whonco thoy
had rcfugod. Dr. McIIoniy, now ol
Napoleon, Ohio, who was then an
assistant surgeon in the United Slates
nrmy, and stationed on Wad mala w
Island, under tho command of Major
(Jon. Scott, then in chargo of tho
Krocd man's Bureau, declared, in a
leitor addrosscd to a gentlemo.n
1/1H6 euy, unib "six monuis 01 inc tunc
which ho should have devoted to tho
caro of tho sick was oxpended in preventing
a wholcsalo niassacro of tho
whites through tho machinations of
Chamberlain. Scott, tho Goneral
commanding, onco threatonod Chamberlain
with tho "ball and chain" if
lio did not cease his efforts to array
tho blacks against thoir old owners.
Tho Jenkins. Frinns and others on
Wndmalaw Island can attest tlio
truth oi this statement. As a cotton
planter Chamberlain was not a sue*
It is said that ho never paid his laborers,
hut of this wo know nothing
further than rumor. At all events,
lio was in ncody circumstances whon
#***%.!? i.U ii.a ?. r*~? i
IV UUUIV III.-) Pt'Ut 111 LIIVJ VyUllWtl lUlIWIIill
Convention of tho Stato as a dclcguto
in April, 18G8, and tho liLtlo form of
tho then embryo Govornor was cov^
orod by an army blankot coat, which,
from its patched appoaranco, rominded
one of tho historic coat of many'
T ? 1i. 1: ? r*\ i
uwiuio. xii tina uuii vuii uuu, ^iiaiuuurs
lain oxhibitcd nil tho trails of tho demagoguo.
Ho introduced at length,
a resolution asking tho Gonornl Government
to appropriate 84,000,000 to
purchase lands for his homeless con.
ofihiAtiia Uir Sntif mt/>l\ 4 Hint* A*t?t I. a
owituuiiwo. uj juno diiv;ii inuivuij' iju
Huccocdcd in having his namo placcd
upon tho Stato tickot for Attornoy
Gonoral, and wns cloctod, and ontorod
upon tho dischargoof his duties when
Scott bocamo Governor. As Attorney
Goneral it was his business to
protcet tho interests of tho Stato, but
wo find him onrracrod in various nthm*
o o ' *" "" "
Bchomcfl whereby tho Treasury, undor
tho manago^ont of bin friond Parker,
Tho "Land Commission" swindle
was concoctod by him, and ox?.Treasnror
Pnrkor states that Chamborlam
'got tho lion's sharo in this fraud
upon tho Stato, getting dollars whcro
C. P. Tjeslio and himsolf oidy got
conta." During tho timo tho embryo
*'i,oformor" was in a dormant stato,
and was on tho most intimato terms
with such mon as Mosos anil Whip,
per. Ho was noisy in his dcnuneia*tion
of Domocrats, and thoy, in turn,
hoapod their anathemas upon him.?
l_i I 1 J- i ? * . ?
so compioioiy wouueu was no to tno
nogro, and bo bittor wnw ho to tlio
( i South Carolina whites, that in 1871,
whon his infant child docoasod, ho
cnllod iti ft colorod proachor named
Harris to perform tho last rites ovor
In 1874 tho misgovernmont of fuoa.
t os rondorod it necessary tlmt a new
I leader should head tho tiokot, and
Chamborlain was nominated for
Govornor, rocoiving tlio support in
tlio convention of Whippor and othors
whom ho now dcnounccs. So unlinntllnr
wna fllinmliovlnin flint. fl?r?
I'~I ""v V..?.v
Hocoivor of tho Stato had to 1)0 brought
into requisition, and over 820,000 of
that institution woro misapplied in
getting him elected. This is a fact
well known to ovcry South Carolinian
acquainted with tho politics of
that Stale. Possessing no porsonal
magnetism, and with a quostionablo
rocord, it took lmrd work to cloct him.
No sooner had ho taken tho oath ol
oflico as Govornor than ho "wont
hack'' upon the honest yeomanry who
had elevated him. Tho height of his
ambition had been realized, and finding
no other fields to conquor on tho
,1 ? l-? --
^iu|;uuiii;iiii nmu nu uu uiiuu UIUUU U
somersault into tho ranks of tho opposition.
In Juno, 187"), Comptroller General
Dunn,while examining the vouchors
of tho Treasury, discovered tho
loss of 8150,000 worth of coupons,
which, nftor redemption, had boon
rthflf rflP^nrl < hnvnlpnni l\tr (
Parkor, tho Into Treasurer.
A suit against Parker for tho recovory
of tho amount was at onco instituted,
and tho defendant lodged in
jail in default of bail. Ho was tried
in July on a civil "action, and a verdict
rendered for tho State for $200,000,
tho jury finding that only that sum
had been traced to tho possession of
Parker, tho balance, according to tho
evidence of one Ladd, having boon
appropriated by Chamberlain. Duriiur
all this liino Chamberlain was out of
State, and declined to render any
assistance in tho prosecution of his
old friend, the cx??Trcasurcr. Parker,
having "a friend at court" in tho
person of the Governor, refused to
inako restitution, and after remaining
in jail for over a month, where ho was
frequently visilod by Chamberlain, a
Circuit Judge was brought into requi-'
sition, and the defendant released on
straw bail, liis wifo becoming his su
rely for 8^.500. Thus ended the
Parker fiasco, ami vol the trial was
heralded all over iho country by the
Democratic press as being a line piece
ot ''reform" work by Chamberlain.?
Parker is now in Now Jersey, whero
ho dolifis Chamberlain, becauso ho
known the ar.tcccdcnlsol the "reform"
CJovornor. Conspicuous among the
nllina P.lut mhni'luin iu I*1 I. ^ 'n n/l/\
zo, tho present Treasurer of tho Stato
who is ft mixturo of tho Jow, Spaniard
and negro. JLo catno to tho surfneo
as Sccrotary of Stato under Stott's
administration, and was subsequently
eleetcd Treasurer when Moses became
Ciovo'rnor, Jlo was tho right bowor
of tho Cbainborlnin-Kimpton bond
"ring" in Now York, and in 187 L ho
took tho great seal of tho Stato to
that city, and illegally affixed it to
numberless bond*. 11 was during that
year that Chamberlain, an Attorney
General, approvod the ollicial bond o!
Kimpton, the financial ayent of the
Stato, without any security whatovor,
JLenry Ciows and Co. having signed
it only as witness. That ho has dono
some good things sinco ho has been
Govornor we aro willing to admit,
and givo him duo crcdit, but that ho
is tho only honest man in tho Republican
party in South Carolina, as ho
would liavo tho world bolieve, is simp
i _ _ .. o. it :i i .. i . _ _
ly si iiuou. no win you oxporienco
that tho namo power which mado him
can and will unmako him, and in leas
than a twelvomonth thoro will ho no
ono in his ttlato bo low as to do him
honor. But ho lms asked ovory thing
upon his coup d'otat, and will leavo
no stops untaUon to dofont tho party #
Blood stained villains nro his aidors
and abettors. Tho class ot men whom
ho aided tho United States District
Attornoy in convicting and Rending
to tho penitentiary in IH71 for Ku
Kluxism are his allies and supporters.
! !('v-l(i>linl f!nnni*nla miIia Imtn il.<> ??.?
**wvw. i??Vj > MW lldiu tliu IIU"
<rro worao than tltoy do ain, fill hia
nntoohambor ami ontor into liia councils.
For ovory drop of blood thai
ia ahcd this aummcr and fall Cham^
borlain will bo Toaponaiblo, and if
thoro must bo a victim to liia rapacity,
llioro aro thono who beliovo that
Clmmborlain will bo mado to ntono
for it. Wo do not counsol lawlessness
and disorder, but if Chamberlain inspires
tho ICu Klux Klans, to ronew
their attacks urinn thn 5nr>flY?ns;t?/>
blacks, ho should have tho dirostpuniahmont
meted out to him. Verily
should tliia advonturor bo impoachod,
for his longer continuanco in power
will bo a poril and a shamo.
(What Men Need Wives For.
Tf to ^ .1-- i ?
jlu to uvi iu nnuu|i iuu IIU11SO, IllHI
mako tho bod, and darn tho socks,
and cook tho meals, chiefly that a
man wants a wifo. If this is all ho
neods, hired help can do it cheaper
than a wifo. If this is all, when a
young man calls to seo a lady, sond
him into tho pantry to taste the bread
and cakos she lias made; Bend him to
inspect the needle work and bed
making; or put a broom in licr hand
and 6ond him to witness its ueo. Such
things are important, and the wi60
young man will look attor them.
But what tlie man wants with a
wife is h or companionship, sympathy*
courago ami lovo. The way of life
has many dreary plaCes in it, and
man needs a companion to go with
him. A man is sometimes overtaken
by misfortunes; ho meets with failures
and defeat; trials and temptation
beset him, and ho -needs one to
stand by and sympathise Ho has
3oi?c stern battles to fight, with poverty,
with enemies and witL sin; and
lio noeiis a woman that, when lie puts
his arms around her, lie fools that he
has something to fight, fur. will help
him to light; that will pnt her lips t<>
his ear and whisper words i>( council,
and her hand to his heart and
impart inspiration. All through life,
>i i. ?i.i i i
lliruilgll mui llt Mllll IMl'Ollgll 6UUSI11D0,
conllict and victory, thrungh adverse
and through favoring winds, man
needs :i woman's love. The heart
yeains for it. A sister's or mother's
1?ivu wi'l hardly supply the need.
Yet many seek for nothing fi rther
than 8UCC S8 in house work. Justly
enough, half of thoso get nothing
more; the other half, surprised beyond
measure, have gotten more than
they sought. Their wives surprise
them by bringing out a nobler idea
in marriage, disclosing a treasury of
courago, sympathy and lovo.
Plain Talk to GirlsA~..
JL Ulli W<JI J 'UkV IU1IUI IO tl 11 til t U1
your character. A girl who looks
liko ii finy or a eloven in the
morning is not to bo trusted, however
fmolj' she looks in tho ovening.
No matter how humble your room
may be, there are eight things il
should contain, viz: a miiror. wash
' I 1
stand, soap, towel, comb, and hair and
nail and tooth brushes. Thoy are
just as essential as your breakfast,
bofore which, you shoula mako good
use of them. Patents who fail to
fnrnish their children with sucli ap?
pliances not only make a mistake,
but commit a sin of omission. Look
lid)' in tho morning, and niter lliu
dinner work ia over improve your
toilet. Miil<o it a rule of your daily
life to drosj up for tho afternoon.?
Your dcess may not, need not, bo
anything hotter than calico, bnt with
a ribbon or a flower, or some bit of
ornament, you can liave an air of self
respect and satisfaction that always
comes with being well drossed. A
girl with lino sensibilities cannot help
feeling embarrassed and awkward in
ft rfigged ant! dirty dross, with licr
linir uiikept, should a neighbor come
in. Moreovor, your self respect
should demand the decent Apparellino
of vrtin* hnflv. Vnu ulwmlil ii>olri>
""r> " J J' * %?
it a point to look ns woll us you can
oven if you are euro that no one will
boo you but yoiiraelt
' I think I Imvo soon you hoforo,
nir. Aroyou not Owon Smith?" "Oh,
yos, I'm owin' Smith, unci owin' Jones,
un'l owin' Brown, And owin' ovory
dnv at Parell Ilis Royal Highness
had an hour of quiet amusement
in camp, watching tho tricks of
8omo Indian jugglers and snako
charmers, which have been described
ft hundred times over, and which
never loso their interest for the spectfttor.
After breakfast a ragged train
of fellows leading apes and carrying
bags wore seen coining up tho main
6treet ot tlio camp to one of the tents.
Theso wore followed by seven or
eight ugly, sliaclcless elderly women
in bright drapery, carrying what are
considered hero musical instruments.
They all squatted under tho shade of
tho trees in frout of iuu tents apart?
conjurors, ape-leaders, singing women.
Tho jugglers and snake charmers
wero tho first to show off They were
only two old chatty fellows, whose
uK'in liiinrv nn Knli* Kahao ?? '* *
w..... VT?? DIVI I I 'UIIVO II 11/ wcru
cracked brown paper. They did
801110 clevor 'passes,' swallowed and
spit out fire, produced an enchanted,
inexhaustiblo water vessel, walked on
wooden patents hold on by the action
of tho feet making a vacuum?in
fact the withered, vivacious old jug
gier una ni8 ragged old confederate
performed all tlio orthodox tricks o*
their confraternity. Where did he
get the coI)rus which ho produced
suddenly out of two baokets which
had been turned over inside our, in
our presence? It was not the drum
tiling of liis triends or tiie piaj ing on
the dry gouid which drew the reptiles
out of cover.
Meanwhile a mango under the
diily cloth was growing, and in an
interval of snako work the old follow
dashed at the latter, and exposed i\
fresh, bright green tnai<g-? t;ee some
eighteen inches high in the ground,
where ho had apparently only put in
11 mango seed. Expressions of wonder
followed: then the eioth wsis
thrown over tho tree, and another ot
tho fatuous legendary legerdemain
feats \vi\8 executod. A shallow baas
kot about eighteen inchea high and
three feet lung, with a cover, was
placed before tlie Prince. It was
plain there was no docoit. At u call
there camo out from tho group of
natives near at hand a lad of twelve,
or so, slight of figure and pleasant of
tano, with not an article of dress save
his lion cloth and a dirty turban.?
Hi in tho old man, chattering the
while, bound hand and loot, a la
A r\ ?sv?n im ~
liiuiuum xjlv4j in iniiiu, llll'II ?l
sack made of strong netting was pro
ducod mid tho old fellosv slipped i(
over tlio lad, whom ho squeezed
down on hie haanchoa so that he
could tio tho cords securely over his
head and lift him from tho ground to
prove how securely he was. lie
seemed to U60 great force to put the
lad into the basket and to liavo much
difficulty in fitting I he lid on the top
of him. When that was dono the
music was renewed by one, and Hie
other juggler began to talk to his
basket. Presently the lid was agitatod,
and tho c> rd and net were
ierked out and foil on tho ground.?
Then the juggler ran at tlio basket in
a lury, jumped on tho top, crushed
in the lid, stamped on it, took a stick
and drove it with forco through the
wicker work. Tho baokot was empty
Then there came a voico as of a lad
who had boen inaido, and lo! There
was just such a youth on one of tho
ri?i __ i
[i cos. x no mango ireo, when next
uncovered, appeared hung with tiny
That was a smart niggor who, in
upoakingof tho happinosH of married
imojuu, nam, -lsiib ar ponciH n I logon
dcr how doy enjoy dcmBolvos."
A nogro was scivdod to deuth from
a boiler oxptosion in Now Orleans last
wook, and on his toinl>#tono tlioy
chieolod dooply, "Stiorod to tho momory
of our etcftmod friond.''
One Hundred Years Ago.
Snmn wiar* wnr* l< .> o <> ~-l -? " -
~ .wv II 110 Iiuo ouiiliilUU ll[> LNtJ
changos that havo tako.i plaoo during
a eontury, in this way,
| Ono hundrod yoars ago wodding
tours woro not fashionablo.
Ono hundrod years ago farmers did
not cut their logs off with mowing
Ono hundrod years ago our mothors
did no', worry over disordered
One hundrod years ago horses could
trot a mile in 2:14 wcro somewhat
Ono hundrod years ago it took sevoral
days to procuro a ciivorco and
find a congenial spirit.
Uuo hundred years ago thcro wore
no disputo about the impoliteness oi
street car drivers.
Quo hundrod years ago ovory young
man was not an applicant for a position
as a cleric or a book koepcr.
Ono hundrod years ago korosene
lamps did not oxplodo and assist a
woman to shuttle off this mortal
Ono hundred years ago men uid not
commit suicide by going up in balloons
and coming dow without thorn.
Ono hundred years ago there were
no third torm millionaire bishops to
stir up tho wators of partisan politics.
Ono'hundrod years ago thero wore
no Turkish harems at Salt Lake, and
Elizas suing for tho nineteenth part ol
Ono hundred yoars ago England
was not very far bohind the United
Stulvo ir. a!! that pjcce to nvk^ n wnv
tion powerful and progressive.
Ono hundred years ago tho J)utch
lind lukod Holland, but had not made
Franco 'como down' with a handsomo
pilo of 'smart money.'
Ono hundrod years ago a young
woman did not lose her casto by wetting
hor hands in dish wator or rub*
bing tho skin ofT her knuckles on a
Oho hundiod years ago a physician
who couid not draw form oi' disea-o
from tlio syatom by tapping a huge
voin in tho arm was not much of a
One hundrod years ago men wero
not running about over tho country
with millions of fish eggs to bo hatch4
/-v XW.l. - - 1~1 -K-!..
uu iw uiuur, r i9ii OU JJUI l II LUIIUUU 111L" i r
own hatching in those days.
One hundred years ago tho condition
of tho wentheron the first of January
was not telegraphod all over tho
continent on tho ovoning ot Dccom-.
bcrSl. Things havo changed.
Ono hundred years ago peoplo did
not worry about rapid transit and
cheap transportation, out throw their
grain crops across tho backs ol their
horses and uncomplainingly 'went to
Ono hundred years ago every man
cut his coat according to his cloth,
uvurj mini >vus u?uiiuiiuu^iiL mtj real I
value, shoddy was not known, nobody
hail struck 'ile,' and tho merit and
honest worth wcro tho only grounds
Of tho ono hundred and seventeen
women now at tidying ;U the Michigan
University, four have chosen l;?\v,
forty sovon medicine, and fifty six
llb^lUblll U <IUU C VUJI1 VJU.
Tlirco yoars ago Slieflield 6cnt cutlory
and stool rails to tlio United
States value 1 at . 1,700,000. Last
year the total value of goods exported
to this country was only ?G90,00().
How to raiso boots?take hold of I
tho top*, and pull.
Why is :i selfish friond lil<o tl?o lot*.
Uv V??Bcenuso, though ho is tho first
1 in pity, ho is tho last in help.
All Pin is Llio Chinoso Minister to
tlio United Statos, but it's not stated
what kind of an All Pin ho is.
nun.-* 1 ^ ii .v,.I i\ /i
\y ii:ib uu tnuj iiuYHj'n JMIU I r% \f.
aftor Washington for?" asked Airs.
Quilp of Mr. (}. "Why, my doar,
don't you know that Washington was
tho daddy of his country?" said <^uil|>,
with a snicker.
About Cashmere Shawl?.
A letter from Indift givo9 an interesting
account of tlio cashmere ehrtvtl
ti a?.le i\8 it io carried on in the Pro*
vinee oi unsiimercj in tlio north of
India. To make tho real enshmoro
shawl is tho work of timo and pa*
tienco. They are manufactured by
the dozen; that is to say, one shawl
is never made singly, but always n
dozen are made at one time and after
one pattern, on account of tho
number of persons employed in tho
manufacture?each person having n
distinct portion oi the shawl to make*
and wlio is always kept at work oil
tlio same part, although tlio patten*
of liis work may ho changed front
time to time. I?y this means each
operator becomes skilled in the pnf?
ticuliir form or shape of his ploce of
work it may require thirty men for m
year; or many months, according to
ilie iineno88 ot the texture, to product*
the dozen shawls. The work is per-*
formed upon small hand looms, hold
upon their laps, Irom patterns traced
upon cloth, and so described in form
and color that the eye readily follower
the pattern. When the pieces are
finished, ol which a shawl comprises
many, they are put into the hands of
tailors, who lit them maily together.
??11vi wiiu B'jum niuiu uniuroiuory, niui
is generally employed upon the borders
to cover scums or finish designs,
the shawl is at lust finished, and after
rho washing and prc.-ding is ready
for the market. *1! i-? worL* in <lonn
by*'men, hoys growing np to succood
their fathers in the same kind of work
The wages given fur this work run
from six tj twelve cents per day. It
is said that 601110 ol tho most costly
shawls never lind their way into tlio
market, hut are kept t>y ilio rajahs
lor their own use. There is a good
deal of trickery in the sh;iv\l tiadef
11jo dealers here asul at calcutta at
first demand at least two and notne-*
illllOS ilii'CC j>- ICCo f./t* their g oda.?
But a careful p uclusor may buy for
about one halt the prices that obtain
in the United States, and at least ono
third less than those of lvuidon.
Not in tiih Kamii.v.?An old JXJ
troiter brought homo l\vo jugs thw
other day, one labeled "boiled oil" and
tho oilier "turpentine." Tlicy wore
placod in tho barn, and pretty rsooti it
was noticed that tho old man had
business thoro at regular intervals.?
His oldest son slyly followed him, and
saw him taking a deon draiifht. from
o i o
ono of thojugs. Tlio old man licard
a stop outside, and before going out
lie arranged those jugs according tor
his artistic taste. Ito was hardly
gone when his son skipped in and
took adrink from tl.ojugoutof which
ho supposed his father drank. Tha
next moment he was sputtering,
couching and gasping. and the old
man entered ami asked:
"Turpentine dosen'l agreo with j'ort
"P.ul, I s:?\v ou drinking il!" ox-*
claimed the injured and indignant
"That is I rue," said the old man,
while a beautiful smile played otor
his face, "hut doscn't necessarily follow
that the rest of iho family must
relish turpentine hccauso I do.''
A French paper tolls the following}
'A Frenchman who had purchased a
country ho.-iI w:<s complaining of tho
want of^iirds in his garden, 'Set soma
traps,' ropliod an officer, and thoy'lli
como. 1 wa?onco in Afrioaand thororwasn't
supposed to boa woman withIII
I tU/\ Kll IlilfAil milnd I Itlinrf n ?\aS^
111 ? >? v imiiiviivvi IIIIIV-PI * imii^ <% jmu
of pantaloons, curl ings and a bracelet;
upon a tree, and llio noxt morning B
found two women under tho troo.'"
Tho llostonian is not naturally it
fiery being, hut ho very Justly ilaroH
up when ho goes into a photograph
gallery and is informed by the opcrtw
tor that in order to sccurc a good
likeness he must first wash bis faco.
Whon lln* Mpider left the ark, (lit)
he w alk 01 take a fl.} ?
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