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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, April 13, 1876, Image 1

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A |""T" I ||, ? I * r ;"* -i * .1 * * .1 i T--. m-ttt? , i? I IT rm.ua? 1
i THE .PICKENS SENTINEL
1' '''C'' i * ' ' ' ' * ' ' 1 ' -*-> >'! " t'i'.n . . ^ ' ? 1 . ?J ? ? -
DEVOTED TO POLITICS; MORALITY, EDUCATION AND XO THE GENERAL INTEREST OF T1IE COUNTRY.
BIk Y.. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 13, 18T(>. NO. 32.
_____ - ? -- - - . . .
v jaciKiiap ? impeanment.
The impeachment articles agaiast
Mr. Belknap, reportod to tho House
by the Judiciary Committee, are five
In pnmb.or, and are wordod in the
ui&Ulegal phrasoology, one being
largely in repetition of the other.?
OTst aKfelte is as follows:
1 That Willifttn W. T3elkti&p, while
he was in ofllcc as Secrotary of War
tfit, On the 8th of October, 1870
?had tho power and authority nn**
dpsr the laws ol tho United Statos, an
Sfefcrotftfy of the War, to appoint a
pGMort to maintain a trading establishment
at Fort Sill, a military post
6t the United Statos; that said lielk*
nap j?romisod to appoint one Caleb
P. Marsh to maintain said trading
establishment at said military post,
^ arI<J thereafter tho said Caleb PIfoW'eh
and one John S. Evans did
qnter into an agreement In writing,
v substantially as follows: [Here the
artioles of agreement aro set up in
$$t.enao;] that thereafter, on the 10th
oiPctober, 18J0t said Belknap, as
Secretary of War, did, at the instance
and request of eaid Marsh, appoint
flnirl .Tiilin .Q TT u n m a tr% 5?.
?r v*ill fS_/ JLS ' I I 11J IV 11J II I il 1 (11 II DOIU
trading establishment at fort Sill,
and in consideration of such appoint*
in mi t that said Belknap did, on or
about the 2d of Novomber, 1870, un
lawfully and corruptly rcceive from
eiiid Marsh the sum of $1,500, and
<lid at divers ti;nc3 thereafter, that is
|
on or about the 17th of January 1S71,
iiml ab.Mit tho end of each three
months during the term of one wlmle
year, while he was still in oflice as
J3ctt*stary of War, unlawfully receive
frum said nriaifh like hiiih of $1,500
in consideration of the appointment
of said Kvni s, and in consideration of
liis (BulkmiiiV) permitting said Evans
t? continue to maintain paid trading
eatahlishment at Fort Sill, whorehv
t'h'e fftirf- William W. Belknap, who
was tho Secretary ot War, as aforesaid,
waa guilty of ot high crimes and
misdemeanors in oflioe.
The second article recites:
That said Win, W. Belknap, while
Secretary of War, as afroresaid, didi
on the 4th oi November, 1873, wilA
fully, corruptly and unlawfully tako
and receive from said Marsh the sum
of $1,500, in consideration that he
would continue to porinit John S.
Evans to maintain a trading establishment
at Fort Sill, and that he did
improperly porinit the said.Evans to
oontinue to maintain the said trading
establishment at tho said military
post, and the eaid Belknap was thero.
by guilty, while ho was Sccietary of
War,of high misdemeanors in his ot
The third article recites:
That said Win. VV. Belknap, wliilo
Secretary of War of the United
States, did appoint John S. Evans to
maintain a trading establishment at
2?ort Sill, and that said Evans by vir
?. tUG of such aniwiintnil>nl I??rl ninffl
t ? -rr- - ?>
until the 2(1 day ot March, 1876,
maintained that trading establishment,
and had boforo be wae so appointed,
and in order to proem e 6iich
appointment and be continued there
In, agreed with Marsh that in c >i)oidOration
of enid Belknap's appointing
him (Evans) to maintain said trading
establishment, at tho rnaiauco and re
/
qnofit of 6aid Marsh, lie (Rvatie)
would pay to him (Marsh) a largo
sum of monoy qnatorly in advance
from the date of his said appointment
by paid Belknap?to wit, $12,000?
dujring tho year, and other largo sums
* quarterly during each year, in order
tftiat tin f ItA a a ill I<\/n?io ^
?l?v >IV) IIIV OM1V4 ? illiOj OI1VMIIU UU
permitted by said Belknap to inuiiis
tain such trading wablifthment at
such post; that Evans did pay to
Marsh such sums of m<>noy quarterly
during oach year until tho month ot
December, 1875; that Marsh, upon
tho receipt ot each of such payments^
paid one half thorcot to Belknap, and
tbe said Belknap, vrhilo knowing
these facta, mid having power to remove
Evang, froin such position at
any time, criminally disregarded his
duty as SocietAry #f War, and basely
prostituting bis bigb oftico to bis lust
for private gains, did unlawfully and V'"
corruptly continue said Evans in sucb
position, and permit bim to maintain
it is establishment to the groat injury
and damage of officers and soldiers
. of the army of the United States sta
tioned tit such post, as well as to emigrants
and freighters and other citizens
of the United States, against
public policy, and to tlio great disgrace
and detriment of tho public
service, whereby William \V. Belknap
was, as Secretary of War, guilty
of high crimes and misdemeanors in
office.
Article 4 charges Belknap with
having received from Marsh large
sums of money for and in consideration
of his flielknnn'iA hnvinor armoint.
\ 4 -/ b r'
ed Evans to maintain ft trading estab'iahnient
at Fort Sill, and in consideration
ot his continuing him
thorein, whereby he (Belknap) had
been guilty ot high crimes and mis"
demeanors in oflice. This article iu
accompanied by seventeen specifications
setting out various times and
circumstances ot payments of money.
Article 5, after reciting tho same
gencneral facts, charges that Belknap
was induced to make tlie appointment
ot Evans by tho influence and request
of Mai sh, and that Evans paid
to Mat6b in consideration ot 6ucb
influence and request, divers large
8iims of money at various tinier,
amounting to about $12,000 a year
from tho dale of 6ucb appointment
to the 2d ?-t March, 1876, ail oi
which facts the said Belknap well
knew, \ et enid Belknap, in consider
utioii that lie would )>oniiit eaid
Evans to cont in no to maintain said
trading establishment, and that such
payments tiiiglit continue to be made
to said Marsh bv said Evans, corruptly
received from said Marsh,
either for his own (Bolknap'b) use or
to be paid to the wife of said Belknap
divers large sums of money at vn>
rioue times, setting out the dates and
amounts; all of which acta and doings
were while tho said Belknap was
Secretary of War, and wore high
i . .. _ _ ? a* - -
misaeuieanora in oiuce.
The cIobo of llio document is ns
follows:
And tho IIousc of Representatives,
by protestation, saving to themselves
tho libei ty of exhibiting at any time
thereafter any further articles of accusation
or impoachmcnt against said
Wm. W. Belknap, late Secretary of
War of the United States, and also
of replying to his answers, which he
shall make unto the articles herein
preferred against him, and of offering .
proof to tlio sumo and every part
thereof, and to all and every other
article of accusation or impeachment
which shall be exhibited by thein as
the case shall require, do demand
that the said Win, W. Belknap may
be put to answer for the high crimes
and misdemeanors in office herein
cliaiged against him, and thttt such
proceedinga, examinations, trials and
judgements may bo thereupon had
and ^iven as may bo agreeable to law
and justice.
The committee also report tho following:
Ukbolvkd, That seven managers bo
appointed by ballot to conduct the
impeachment exhibited against Wm.
\V. Belknap, late Secretary of War
of the United States.
One night last weok aoino fiond
wont to tho house ot Capt. Richard
Mobs, nnd oponing tho door saying2
?'y<>urmonoy or your lifo," firod upon
him as ho lay before tho firo,and then
flod. Capt. Moss rocoivod n~ Blight
wound in tho tbi^n. Jlo is an old man
lives eomo flvo miloa from Spartanburg
and say? that ho thinka tho attempted
robbor and murderer was a black
man. Tho ball not been extracted.
The Lancaster Affair.
Judgo Mackoy'bcharge to tho grand
jury ot Chostor in which ho mado a
statomcnt of tho action of tho grand
jury of Lancafltor, on account of which
ho had discharged thom hnforn
had porformod all tho duties enjoined
upon them by law. Tho Ledgor contains
tho following in reply to tho
J udgo's romarks:
In a briof manner wo will noto tho
falsify of Judgo Maekoy'e etatomonts
in tho easo alluded to abovo.
1. .L'lio Court was not in session
when tbo diftlculLy occurrod, nor did
tho presiding Judgo know anything
about it until about ono bout* aficr it
did occur. And bo was tlion informed
of it by tbo Clork of Court.
2. Consequently,tboro was no crowd
rusbing lroiu tbo Court llouso or
Ibrougb tbo streets.
3. Tbo oditor of tbis paper visited
tbo wounded man in company witb
tho Sheriff about ono and a half hours
aftor tho occurrence, and tound bis
wound drcssod and him comfortably
stooping in his room at tho botol.?
Thoro was no oxcitcmont on tho
stroots, and but very littlo at the time
tho affair occurred.
4. Gardnor, who iho Judgo says is a
notorious desperado, is a young man
about 20 years old. This is tho first
difficulty wo have over known him to
bo ongagod in. Tho young man who
was shot was about the ago of Gardnor,
and they wore intimate acquaintances.
They were both under tho in~
fluoneo of liquor at tho lime of tho occurrence.
5. Tho ball (lid not enter tho head,
but ontored tho right sido of tho faco
and came out on tho left side of tho
nose.
G. The (aciH (?) rocitcd by Juilgu
Mackey woro never made known to
tho grand jury; and tho Judge must
have picked them up on the streets
or in his secret caucusscs.
7. As to tho dogs "licking the blood
of Gardner's victim," such an expression
is characteristic of Judiro Mack
c)*. It *s unnecessary lor us to contradict
such u statement. Every
nano man knows that it is not true.
8. The Judge charges tho Grand
Jury ot Lancaster with "a dcliberato
violation of a most solom oath." In
other words, that they havo perjured
themselves. The Grand Jury of Lancaster
aro made out of diflorent material
from what wo think thoy aro,
if thoy do not givo Judge Mackoy the
opportunity to prove this assertion
in tho courts.
Mr. W. L. J)oP>?bb, who it will bo
rcmombercd, was reproscntod by Gov.
Chnmborlain as condemning tho
grand jury and justifying tho action
ot Judgo Mackoy, has written to tho
Ledger to dony tlio statements attributed
to him by tho Governor. Tho
feeling in Lancaster continues to bo
one of intense indignation aliko at tho
action of the Judge, and at that of tho
ilouso of Representatives in refusing
ah investigation. A mooting of tho
citizons was callod for Monday last,
to givo expression to the feeling of
tho peoplo. Tho grand jury weio
likewise requested to moot at thosamo
timo.
Tho moro wo loarn of this unfortunato
affair, tho moro aro wo con*vinced
that thoro should bo a full investigation
ofJudgo Mackoy's courso
towards tho grand jury of Lancaster.
There can suroly bo no roasonablo
objection to a searching inquiry into
tho ran.ttor: if, would ho as much in
justico to Judge Mackoy himself as to
thoso wlio doprccato and condemn tho
course lie pursued towards tho grand
jury on 0?o occasion in question. In
deod, he should sock an investigation,
as tl^o eurost and apoodiost mode of
vidicating his judicial character.
Pinchback suyfl he 'oxpcots to soe a
colored landslide to tho Democracy,
and a aolid Democratic South in tho
oloctoral collogo.' Jio says ho 'would
not ho surprised if there is no Hopubs
pean oloctoral tickot in tho Southorn
States at the noxt eloction,'
Lucy. KonnoO) of lyonliicky, aged
123 years, is irj poor health,
The Latest Treason.
The Union is threatenod. Secret
and subtle enemies nro at work to
deetroy it. The war of eeecBsion was
an open and declared movement supported
by great resources, determins
cd valor, and genius of the highest
order. The result demonstrated the
utter helplessness of attempt; but the
fall of the Confederacy did not eectiro
the perpetuity of the Federal ooni~
pact. The Union to day is menaced
by its protes6ed friends, and dying
from tho blows of its avowed champions.
Americans have not yot forgotten
tho great principle enunciated
by Webster in the peroration of that
famous speech which he delivered in
reply to Ilayne: "Liberty and Union,
one and inseparable."
It would bo impossible to express
~ i: ,.c tv.j ? i
klio WilUIIIUlia VI I' KlUJI Ul J.)I uspurny
iii tower words. Tlioy mean not only
that w itliont union there can bo no
liberty, but also that without liberty
there can be no union. The term
union comprehends the confederation
of equals, nut such a commingling
and consolidation of parts as destroys
their soveral identities. In a word,
the policy of centralization, if perae
vored in, will provo fatal to that
system ot government which secession
left intact. L?it ihe prosent policy
of the Administration at Washington
bo adhered to, let the central
power strip sovereign S'atos ot their
autonomy in the interest ot a party,
let local elections bo placed undei
the control ot Federal influences, and
before another Presidential term shall
i 1 ? l - x ? 1
nsive eiapauu ine magmncent scheme
of the lathers of the e<n?stitulion will
Imvc proved a hopeless failure.?
Centralization! It is the crime which
UepublicauUm in laboring to c mmil.
The secession ibts 6trove to separate
the State*; the Republicans
are striving to destroy them. Jefferson
Davis with all his armies at
his back, was nevor 60 formidable an
enemy of the Union as are General
Grant and the administration clique,
with that host of office holders, whoso
silent and baneful influence is slowly
sapping the luiiiiuuiions of free institutions
in every secti >n of the country.
It would bo a fatal mistake to
suppose that this influence has as yet
only extended to a few Southern
States. It has undermined tho whole
Union. The caso is one of those in
which tho patient's ui.consciousness
ui his peril is his worse symptom.?
Wherever a postmaster, a custom
i n? rr ?. in.. *?
iioiiso omcer, a united states Marshall
has been stationed because of hid
partisan dovt tion, there the seeds of
central despotism have already begun
to get initiate. In Louisiana a
United States Marshal assists in reversing
the result of an election; in
Missouri a lot of revenue oflicers
enter into a onspiracy to defraud
the public Treasury and raise a campaign
fund. In both States the central
power lias been attempting to
btrcnuthen itsclt at the expense of the
public honor and liberty.?New
Orleans Picayune.
?
Considering all tlio opportunities
tho lato Francis 1'. Blair onjoyed and
tho prominent positions ho occupied
in lifo, it is rathor surprising to know
that ho died worth only $500, as appears
by tho letters of administration
^granted recently at St. Louis on his
uhihwu. ii? >v?? inroe nines a member
of tho Houbo of IloprcBontatives,
and at tho beginning of tho war was
chairman of tho military committoe,- Ho
Borvod throughout tho war and
roflo to tho rank of major gonornl.?
Thon lio wont to tho United StatOK
Senate and cnrr.o out of thnt poor. In
an era whon so many of our public
mon mako monoy and vory few ri?o to
ominonco without it. (Jon. Blair'tj
HucccsB in attaining a certain dogroo
of cminonco, and then dying noxt?loor
to ponnilincBS, in quite remarkable,
Responsibility of the RepublicansThe
Now York Herald remarks
that "it is idle rhetoric to attempt to
show that tho crime of a man like
Belknap is an evidence of tho corruption
of a whole party cr a whole
people." This is perfectly true; but
the crime of Belknap, unfortunately,
docs not stand alone. Tho Whiskey
Ring extends from Chicngo to New
Orleans, when Babcock was indicted
Attorney General Picrrepont paralyzed
the Government. The "party"
is certainly responsible fur this. Tho
corruptions in tho War Department
are not Confirind to the. Info fionroforv
togethor with those of Babcuck, have
been making fortunes out of jobs.?
The "party" is certainly responsible
for this. Tho Navy Department has
expended vast sums to control elections
and tho Philadelphia Yard,
worth $3,000,000, was sold for $1,?
000,000. Tho "party" is certainly
responsible f?>r this. The Freed man's
Bank has plundored tho credulous
people of odor of millions, and the
"party" is certainly responsible for
this. Mr. M inistsr Schenck line pulled
out tho tail leathers of tho American
Eagle in London, and the Einma
Mine scandal has brought the blush
of shame to tlio cheek of every American
abroad. Tho "party" is certainly
responsible for this. Wo all
know that great sums were spent in
straw contracts in tho Fostoffico Department,
and for this the "party" is
certainly responsible.
It is a matter of common notoriei..
.1 /i .
ly kiuu uiatu 11us ooen ultimate with
tho lowest men in the country?tlie
Fiskes, tins Murpheys, and the McDonalds,
and that ho has always refused
to intertero with an otlicial
"undcrfiro;" that is, lie has treated
public opinion with as much contempt
as if lio wero a second Peter
the Great, and not a constitutional
magistrate. Tho "party" is responsible
for this.
Last of all, it is a lamentable fact
that when tho Republicans had a
.. *.1 . ir ? -
luuj'Miiy 111 mo iiuusB no investigation
could be made, no rascals was
brought to justice, no reforms intro-.
duced, and fur this tho "party" is
certainly responsible. Yes, the responsibility
now rests with tho Re
publicuns, but tho people must take
it up and bear it to their everlasting
shame unless they hurl the thieves
and robbers from office.?Telegram.
The Now York Herald says: ILid
the decision of tho Suprome Court,
declaring tho enforcement law uncoils
stitutional, been rendered at an oarlior
period, before tho Hopublican party
lost control of tho IIouso of Iteprosonlatives,
Congress would forthwith
havo passed a now bill avoiding tho
objections mado against that which is
now adjudgod void. Tho Court fully
admits that Congress may pass a law
for ensuring tho civil and political
equality of tho ncgiocs. If tho Hopublican
party had soonor known that
by attempting too much tlioy had
accomnlishud nothing, it would Imvn
been in their power to substitute appropriate
lobulation for the unconstitutional
law which they enacted. But
this decision of tho Supreme Court,
coming when it docs, not only annuls
tho finlorcomont Act, but puts that
provision of tho constitution in abej*unco
which authorizes Congress to
pass laws for tho protection of negro
equality. After tho unscrupulous
nhnunc nf InrrSttlntiritt inn/1 k?? *
|?t/.?UVW V^M7tt?VIV/ll |?? MVyVIVUU l/J IIIW
Republican putty undor color of that
authority, and which tho Supremo
Court has condemned, tho Democrats
are not likely to consont to any furthor
legislation on the ensuing two
years at least, will liavo to depond (or
protection on tho State government.
Thoro will bo no further interposition
of Federal authority supported by
Foderal bayonets to support thoir
rights or redress thoir wrongs.. This
important decision murks the begin-,
ning of a new era in tho political relation
ot tho negro raco in our Southern
States.
If thoSouthorn governments should
bo just, humane and oonsiderato, they
enn easily dotnch tlioir colored citl?
i.ons from tlio Republican party and
virtually nnnibilato that party
4 I I a O?.L rn.
biiiuugiiuuii tiiu ouuui, aiio negrooa
will be likoly to class this bogus Kn?
forccmont law with tho broken Froo*
man's Savings Bank. Thdy will fool
with keen rosontment that their rights
have been no safer than their monoy
in tho custody of the Republican
party. Finding their hopua disappointed,
their confidenco abused, and
that thoy must, after all, dopond for
protection and prosperity on tho corns
munition with which thoir lot is east,
tllOV will lin fllRlinuiwl r? nA.nnnMiln
more cordially with their immediate
fellow citizens than ihoy have over
boon since thoir emancipation. Thoy
liavo nothing to depend upon now
but thoir own industry and sobriety
and tho juetico and good will of their
neighbors. If tho whites act '.fith
sonso and moderation, tho undoceivotf
negroes will horoaftor givo them no
troublo.
? ?,
CiikstkbC. II, Apiil 2.?The trial
of F. 13. Lloyd, School Commissioner
of tliis county, come off yesterday
beforo Col. F. W. Mc Master, Appoint*
ed Judge by the Governor, under the
Bpecitil provision ot the constitution.1
Lloyd boing the brother-in-law of
Judgo Mackoy, the latter could not
preside. Judge McMfttter, after
hearing argument in the cane, in*
structed the jury to find a verdict of
not guilty. The jury rctirod and
tnained out twenty minutes, and re^
turned with a verdict of guilty*
whereupon Judge McMuster ordored
the verdict to be Bet aeide, and fur^
ther, upon his own motion, ordered
that the indictment be uol. prossed. .
He decided that it was 110 olFetiBe,
under the law, lor a School Commie*
sionor to buy 'each or a' pay cortiti*
catea issued by bis predocea?v>r iH
otlice.
The trial 13. G. Yocnm was roferred
to a special term ofiho courf, f6
bo bold on the 18th of April Th6
Graud Jury presented to the court
tho fact that tho amount of $1,800,
provided by law for court expenses
for 187G, is ontirely exhausted; that
the expensea of the court for tho term
held last September are not paid, and
that there will bo at the end of thfo
year, on that account, a deficiency of
$3,500. 1
?,<. '{
Tiik Dynamite Fiknd.?Oftlcial in
vcstigution of tho dynamite oxploaion
at Bromorlmvon dovolops tho following
regarding Thomas: That his real
name was Alexandor Keith, Jr.; that
ho was born in Halifax, N. S.; that ho
harborod and aided blockado runners
and bocamo ono himself, and that ho
absconded from Halifax in 1804 with
$150,000 or $200,000, entrusted to him
by tho Confederates to buy provisions
for tho Southern army. Tho report
states that tho amount embezzled was
equal to the lurgcr amount aboTCr
montionod, ami included 532,000 ins
suranco on tho stoamor Caledonin,
which was lost at son. Koifh stibsoquontly
livod in Now York as Alexander
King Thompson, hut his connections
thero nro unknow. In 1865
1)0 appeared at Highland in possession
of *80,000. IIo marred tlioro Miss
Colia Paris. A Conf'odorato Colonel
named Smoot, whom ho had defraudod,
had him arrested and takon to
St. Louie, tvliun tho matter was com*
promised, ho fearing other prosecua
: 1 a ^ y?
LiuiiN. i ii i ouu iiu unmu iu Xiiiropu
with his wife. No accessions to tho
Hremerlmven crimo Imvo boon discovered.
The model submitted by
Iler Knobs is tho original work mndo
to order for Koith by tho workman
Rinn. Tho roport concludcs by stating
that tho inquiries in England ftro
not yet definitely concluded.
-
riMi a ii .i m tt
I i iiu met inni i an, ip n uimnrinn
gives ground to tho hojro that he will
I not leavo tho punishment of tho war
1 department thieves to he inflicted in
i another worM.?Chicago (Indiana)
I Times. "*
*

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