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PICKENS 0. H., 8. C.:
Thursday. Sept. 7, 1870.
National Democratic Ticket.
ION. SAMUEL J. TILDEN,
OF NEW YORK.
MON. T. A. lIENDRICKS,
FOR G OVE 'RNOR :
GEN. WADE HAMPTON.
' ty~rUrzoliVEET$U, --
WILLIA M D. SIMPSON.
FoR BEOREJTARY or STATS 3
R. M. SIMMS.
FOR ADJUTANT AND INSPECOoR G314ERAL 3
E. W. MOISE.
FOR ATTORNEY GENERAL:
J A MES C O NNER.
- FOR STATE TREASURER 3
8. L. LEAPHART.
- o70 SUPERINTENDENT of' UDUOATION '
II S. TRHOMPBON.
J H AGOOD.
NOR' OWoGRESS 3D ONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT :
D. WYATT AIKEN.
10R SOLICITOR 8TH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT
J, S. COTHRAN.
COUNTY TICKET. ..
For Legislature-D. F. Bradley and E. H.
Fer Clerk of Court-John 3. Lewis.
'or Probate J udge-W. 0. Field.
Fo Sheriff--Joab Mauldin.
For School Commissioner---M. S. Hepi4rloks
Nor Coroner-B. B. Barle.
For County Commissionerge-Tohn T
B3. 3. Jdhusont, T. P. Looper.
The Xeeting on Tuesday.
The grand rally of the Demoftacy
at this place on 1ast Tuesday was a
splendid success. From 'early in the
mnorning till about 11 o'olook, a con
*tInuous strenvn of people poured in
Irom every section ot the County, and
sehen the speaking begar; fully two
tbousand persons were on the hill,.
he Pendleton Cornet Band ftunished
ausio for the occasion, and aequitted
)Ahemselves handsomely, winning the
a a use of overybpdy. The "Bloody
bhf-ts" of Central and Liberty, mnoum%
Of, Obme'ifn with the band and made
ne~igmtiOeflt display. They at once,
1Ieaded by the band, proopeded to
'ards EaeI4f, and soon met General
amI~rrpt~ on~~ other speakers, and
6 ith over vundred imounted mon
o aae ,who caus with the 0enn
~ Aidm a gnieoent~ eOuort
he. atrt wore literally
.ople, 64 as. r gallant
$ #Q' &heet
een ek. Mood~gwas adde
Iea w, ~wa
sed ~ y0Gebt Mnpton, HQD. Wh
MXO44#an, Qol)D. Wyatt- Aiken, poli
Qothfat and CoL Wim. Wallaoo. We'
Villf.gve a sketeh of the speeches in
our next issue. Not a single solitary
thing oooutred during the day to war
the harmony of the prooeedings.
The Caipa In thetat.
The accounts that reach us from ev.
ery section of the State are of the
most encouraging character to the
cause of Demoorscy and good govern
ment. In the lower Counties of the
State, where the colored people have
a large majority, the whites have gone
to work with a determination to win,
and have succeeded in causing the
scales to fall from the eyes of many
deluded colored men, who have come
out squarely for Hampton, and joined
their fortunes with the Democratic par
ty. This is as it should be. The
Democrats aro their best friends and
they begin to see it, though rather late
in the day. Thoubands would join
our ranks and tako pride in voting
with and for the native whites, were
it not for intimidation and ostracism
by their own color. But the color
line is being broken by the admirable
management and good work of the
Democrats. The division of time with
the Republican speakers at evqry
place they go,-is havginga -w .dedul
effect. The negro, for tho first time
since emancipation, has an opportuni,
ty of hearing his old master and friend
talk to him on the political issues of'
the day. Ho knows that something
is wrong, that ho grows poorer and
poorer every day, and that broad and
meat is getting scarcer; but is told by
the Radical blathorkites that the Dom,
ocrats are to blame for it-all they
have to do is to strike for higher
wages and they will get them, ote.
This they have tried without offect,
and they begin to realizo the true
cause for all these evils,and are ready
to hear the statemonts of honest
Democrats. The result is that they
are always anxious to hear them at
their mentings. Many are joining
our ranks, amongst them some of the
most prominent in the State, and if
the ball is kept pjperly in motion,
vote with the Democrats In November.
The chances for success, at this time
were never so favorable to the Demo,.
Death of General Wagner.
General John A. Wagner died at
WValhalla, on the 27th ult. The death
of General Wagner is a great lose to
the State and -to the Democratic party.
He was unanimously placed at the
head of the State electoral' ,y
the Conventlo at his life had been
ap, ould have boen a tower of
s rength to the party in the pres.mi
campaign. He was born in 'G 'y
but had been e ;mudalt of : '
their 'V '
worth eurant subject
of br~ euIlding.~ Although the
letter was not wr1liren with a view to
publication, weeI that we could not
do the public b tter service than to
produce it entire. In building the
bridge across the Eighteen Mile Creek
to which Mr. Sitton refers in his let,
ter, we think he very clearly shows
that by adopting the plan suggested
by him, a saving ot quite a large sdm
of money to the County can be effeo
ted. To show how much was saved in
the building of the bridge referred to
we produce Mr. Sitton's own lan
guage and figures, which are found ja
an itemised account sent tpe- CommlB
sioners. He says thatth~e bridge was
bulls "on a mor4eoonuomical and sub%
stainial plaa than it was befbro-th ink
it will siea this timei until the timbers
rot. You~ will also notice -the differ
ence ina prioe, 4r. Holmes bid it off
one and a half or two years ago, at
275--this tiene built by hiring hands
and superin~ the work, at *a6,
king $1904 snce, with a safer
a d Mtter~
rnC. ~2, 1876.
I1 neer hadA an2NAnieo withj tnild
ig bridges' and only done Ws at the
spooial request of Mr. Pant and OolIa
misOn, who could not attend topIt, and
the merchantsat Anderson and Pen
dleton, baulint nearly all thefi goods
from Oentral, bad to go out of their
Way three or four miles, and over
Very bad roads. W hen clamoring for a
bridge, no one appeared to be willing
to touoh it under 250 or $800. So
many wagons hauling made it a no.
cessity to go at it, and put ;t up; so I
hired hands by the day, went and
planned and worked with them. The
result was a bridge at $85.
I have- but little property in Pick,
ons County, and it may be said, that
it is none of my business, what sort
of bridges are made, or how much
they cost, but a goodly number of my
friends live in Pickens County, and I
was born in that County and cant help
feeling some interest in its welfare.
Therefore, I hope the Commissioners
will not take it amiss, if I make a
suggestion in regard to building bridg
es, that will cost about half as much
as those built on the old high castle
plan. I do not propose that all bridges
shall be low, for there aresome places
to suit the roads that it is necessary
to build high bridged. But I think at
least, three out of four can be made
low, and less than half their length,
and with pno third the timber, and
that will not waeh off every year or so
as the high ones do. If this can be
accomplished, it will be a great saving
to the taxpayers of the County. I
have not applied for a patent for my
plan yet, so the Commissioners may
not be afraik of infringing o'n my
rigbts, it is so simple, I am not afraid
of their doing so-but to stop joking,
I am a believer in low bridges when
everything can bo made to suit the
roads. Iron is now cheap, and by
bolting down to the mud sills, (not
through them, for you cant get the
rods out to repair the bridge,) but
hook the lowQr end of the rod under
the mud sills, before putting the mud
sills in tho water-out a notch about
three inches deep on the underside,
then in this notch, three or four inch
os from the outsido of the sill bore a
hole three or four inchos deop, then,
when the mud sill is put down to its
plae, he rc p~n is lacoe (the
owest) the long sleeper put on; bore
holos through each otgeside ,one near
the cap, (but not throngh it,) put on
the plank, nail it down, th'en put on
a stringer on each side of the bridge,
bore boles through each, so the rods
can come up through. The lower
end of the rod should be crooked thus
J ;put theoupper end up through the
slepeor, floor and stringer, then hook
the 1lower end under the mud sillji&'
c~rooked ar 'the notch
anMehr end gets into
chlthen tighten It up by "- '
washer and good et ce
top of strinvr' X'
fifl4' th ife'kthe
fou fee orte rde whnte
7. Voeos I. stl ou rde
had een uil thee i abiotbw
ouse to bry the buold an bfde neer.
sAIr unttion twase goe up threenor
psending and moraney har it The
streas oneaverty imoe the pbrig
oher hommfa oner ato er~.Thsi
bprien widt a brond a my nd
eighteenros forwa tld forbge
had abrie built n my;ilaou- two
years anoe ost the County a.
nd antherc g onotre sabot was
ol hase to ystcruil andtake uthe
apnding any re money n, adgh
tag thn aco peryar inoned intoI
roaditoo.Iad owsoetule aoy to
th ommpsinestor so Ifea
NoTrthe 00h*n.14O1* etgo to
e11! 4d 1 if thef -il ve me
t t L6 of e reek, ighthof
the road at each bank fr the water
I will make a plan for bridge
which, if followed,' the brizo* Cant
wash away. It wou~i make 4is note
too 'long, to give Mr plgn for the
abutmen and how best to nake
them. I ban writtob in a hTry,
with 4ttle ke to dil4ion or puno
tuation, ha ispposgit will do
any good; people are so prone to put
of until the last moment, and then
go at it in the old way. The ukesult
is heavy taxation to keep up bridges.
1write you thus frankly, knowing yoal
will receive it kindly, and . being ti a'
situatation where you can call their
attention to any improvement that
will lesson taxes and benefit the peo-.
ple. If not my plan, some better one
may be adopted, so that good may re
suit. Let all try to study out some
I am yours, very truly,
J. B. SITToN.
[FOR THE PIOKENS SENTINEL.]
Ma. EDITo--A synopsis of the
proceedings of the Pickens County
Musical and Sunday School Conven
tion, which convened according to ap.4
pointment, on Friday, 'July 28th, with
the church at Griffin.
The Convention was opened by
singing and prayer, by brother H. J.
Enrolled the names of all permanent
members and delegates bearing cer..
tificates of appointment from schools,
societies, &c. Over one hundred were
Prof. 3. A. Reeves, of Gainesville,
Ga., and Rev. A. B. Alderman, of N.
C., were enrolled and invited to seats.
The Convention then proceeded to
the election of officers with the follow
ing result: Prof. G. W. Boroughs,
President; Prof. J. M. Porter, Vico%
President; W. G. Field ,Secretary.
A committee of five was appointed
by the chair on order or arrangement,
viz: H. J. Anthony, J. A. Griffin, W
H. Ray, H. D. L. Bowen, and J. L.
.Keith, which committee arranged bus
iness foe the Convention during a sos
sion of three days. They arranged
for the business and music to come in
alternately, which proved interesting
and satisfactory to the entire congro,
gation. The Secretary was requested
to read the constitution, two articles
e discussion, amended.
Three messengers were appointed
to the Oconee County Musical Conven
Lion, viz: Prof. J. M. Porter, 3. E.
Boroughs and] W. H. Ray. T wo were
appointed to the State Sabbath School
Convention, vis: Prof. G. .B'
and W. G. FieldJ
'9C a'lu churches within the
bounds of ! (')nvenltionl are reccom
vm e their singing by
'<' ~; * r choir or class sing-.
A a fve was appointed
mine forlhe .aiext
C 'f. Boroughs, Prof.
- eton, Prof. Ray
d committee is
se published as
*~ @ ortance to the
K and Sabbath
*~ ~. Our Conven
Lw . I.our singing
he congregation large
e~vry well behaved.
By appointment the next meeting
of the Convention will be held with
Mt. Tabor Church, two miles south
west of Central Station, to convene on
Friday before the 5th Sabbath in July
next (1877). 1 have been compelled
to leave out many things of interest
or make this article too lengthy-hope
we may succeed in gettLing funds
enough to have our proceedings pub,
lished in full, In minute form.
The kindness and hospitality of the
church and neighborhood to the con
vention, oongregation and candidates,
Aas unlimited-never excelled in these
hard times. The hearty thanks of the
Convention, with the best wishes of
the Bame., was tendered to them.
I very retpectiully beg of the Con
vention to excnse the delay in this
case and return thbyks for manifeta
tion of Continued confidenco in me.
W. G. FIEI.D, Seo'y.
T. A. Davis, (colored) a member of
the Legislature from Charleston Coun
ty, and known in that body as "bloody
*hirt Tomi Davis," died recently of
A'rxNrnok RIrEEMEN.--The Riger
Club wll organise, by the elstien of
efMoers, at this plaoe S!atuv~ 16th
blast. Aliho bavi& goed4 rg ctj
Straige to @ the range ia
rgon is year beeing 1408 W1n
ixable, although the number of oatlQ
other steek feeding *gen etes51, past'
Is not sumcient to eogt for the Ni$l%
tion In the value. COL #1(kMons hii Is
partly owing o the fact thak thoragei NPAP
burnt off so egularly and eztenuively *u
formerly. Bat If the Inoreesing soaitiness of
the mountain range should fores thWae
of that locality to sqbetitute the improved
grassee, such as olover herds grass, oiobd.
grass, and last but not l*et, the "imOdq r
Tom Bell grass, on thi ste bdl sides, tpr
the native wild grasset the transmutation
will bring to that region f .iantry an agt
'oultural development an iup1ovement, far
ahad of anything in t* paist.' Strange to
say, we 4di not see a single glover patch on
our whole route, although the olimate and soil
of Pickens i surely peculiarly adspte&je the
production of this valuable plant. "Let the
farmers of that region but make the expki.
ment fairly, and they will be niore tha sas
tisied with the results
The practice of illicit distilling Is evidently
on the wane, and the good men of the County
are anxiouri that it shall entirely cease. To
effect this desirable reform, however, it is be
lieved that it will be necessary to establish a
sufficient number of licensed distilleries to
meet the demands of the country. This would
be a great mitigation of the evils of the pres.
ent system. Pituated as those people are,
remote from market, hemmed in by rugged
mountains, over which it would be Imprqoti
cable to transport large quantities of grain
by wagon, it is not' trange that they should
evidently turn to the distillation of grain, as
the quickest and most profitable way of turn
ing their grain into money. We are not now
discussing the morality of the question, but
looking at It In its business aspects, which,
after all, will for many years at least, be the
controlling principle governing the moun
taineers as it does the rest of mankind. The
distillation of grain to the hardy mountaineer,
is almost as great a necessity for the making
of money, as the raising of cotton is to the
low lander. Gradually. Lor.ver, there as
here, when agricultrre becomes diversified,
and new and improved methods are -adopted,
distilling in the mountains nor cotton raising
in the low lands will not be so general nor so
necessary to their financial prosperity. Bo
mote it be.
A LAnGE TREB.
In the yard of Col. Nimmons, stan1s a very
large pecan tree, the spreading limbs on op
ponite sides measuring some 25 yards across,
and the body of the tree, measuring some two
to three feet across. fhirty seven years ago,
when Col. Nimmons first moved to the place,
it was a small tree, not larger than the body
of a small man. The tree bears fruit, anid
affana - dense shade durin the u
with his numerous guests, oa 'it'a talk of
matters and things in general.
On the farm of Col. Nlmmon , we saw the
best matured cotton we had seo anywhere
since we left home. On the ba field, as he
oallk It, some ypraw.-v,,'ie- Ia
citon, weighing 600 pounds each,
on sixty three rows, averaging about 120
yards long. Pretty well done for the moun
THE PEABODY INSTITUTn AT NINB TIMKI.
A very encouraging feature in the past
history of the people of this region is their
attempt a year ago, to establish an Academy
of a high order, under the patronage of the
Peabody fund. Although unsuccessful In this
attempt, yet we would say to the Eastatoe
people, persevere in your efforts In the cause
of education, and, sooner or later, by your
own energy and perseverance, you will see
rising up In your midst, a school of a high
order, where your sons and your daughters
may be thoroughly educated at home.
New York will 'e Tilden 78,000
From a private letty', addressed i
a gentleman of this place, by one of
the largest manufacturing companies
in New York, we aro permitted to
make the following extract, which we
think very clearly shows how tho
capitail of the country loans in this
"As to politics, we ar-e. perfectly
confident that T ilden will be elected
tbis fall. Thare are. a great many
changes among the t inn classes
of the North, and a great many who
have boon strong Republicans will
vote for Tilden. New York State will
go Deomocratle by; 76,000 majorIty.--.
The peoplo who want reform, are at
work with a will to break the poj
tionist. The working people P
North are with the Democrats, T
times demand that there should be
change, and I believe that the most
sanguine Democrats do not over *a
timate the extent of victory that
crown the party at the next el
NOTICE Is hereby gir e Ureditors,
Legatees, andal peonitr
ested in the Estate o Walker, deceas
ed, that'applicati een made to I. H.
Philpot, Judge,t ., for l'iokens Coun,
t , or lavea Final Settlement of
Sesaid E e 14th day of October,
1876, at a. ms., and to be dis
charged. n as Administrator thereof.
Be WILEY REEYES, Adm'r.
ENINETEEB THA -AC
.0%URES in th~stuto
tober 16th, 1878 -E
Send for Anno
*0Irthe pi tryr~with Lal
I'.b 1-F i"d will 6'bu' 'p~rt(,d for re
Th luthenity flriend-9 of pp.
4151391uce him A, L'
veiul fluaitd for the poaltlopo oad2
IIA44 Dm)pn AT
A L petiosiholditig ii!ZY (t',rj 8 a
we-aotirfcd to Iprementi tho satue to Oc
signed I .crilly attested, on or before the i
lay o.1 May, 1877, or their' OIcixjrn wi:
Ni. rY\,,c If.
1. 2 1876 ~ 1
AG3'VT' I, o 1ro feJkSteel
f-ra)ving ol' OhuI'eic
)Al.1 ( i. I jImo sell 6ipidly.
(JoICc,, - 5 WallSt., W8236,
The*,!,c Weekly Su
Till vfto' the Alkro'idcnatial Eloctl
No E a~gi1(Cflrl T1.,
Tlt :SUN. PI' ',w York City
STATEI %~41'~2VI[ A)L
B Y Or aml ecii'lioyi u) Inc' direr,
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