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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, September 21, 1876, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026913/1876-09-21/ed-1/seq-1/

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-t ~DVOTWDjTr4,-MOMATY-BDUCATION AND J0 T'E GENRAL INTE ST OF TH 00 T -
4. TACRSDAY, SEPTEMB U 2l 18T. TO
OUR WA8HNGTOS LETTER.
WA8HINSTIN, SepL. 12,,1.87O.
T H SITU ATION.
i4l returns trom Maine, followin
thee from Vermont, should continw
tile bemocracy that their-pon"y I-I
coneetitrate their efforts on the Statei
which give a reasonable poinise o
victory for eVort, and to let ths hopp
imte. Th at was, understood to b<
the idoa at the conhencenent of tIh
sonueok ilkie i4e*nodratic le .ders Iwert
seduced into the beliet that many o
the Republican strongholds could b<
carried; and attempts were niade t<
secure the vo'es of Maine, Iowa
Michigan, Minnesota and oven (
Vermont and Massachusetts, for Til
den and'Reformn. It is well that we
h,avedflt beaten in Vermont and
Maine and that-their majorities art
so large as to convince us, beyond ti
doubt, of the nece3sity of returininp
to ou111 original 1rOgraine-Our fi,'o
loves. Care, ca11ion and couragi
will give us a United South -13
votes. The PLacifiiC States, 12 votes
are certainly ours, if we bestow up.),
thei halt as inuch attention as ha1
been uselessly expendod on Maine
Vermont and s01110 of the Wester,
Stites tit we have no sh1ow ot ca.
Sii1' Aid Ti!dwi' pres-ige in 11h,
E .istas ia retAwilrmer, wili gi as Con
I-eeticlt, Nox Je8evrs aid4 his oW,
great Sia'e ot New Ylrk. 50 voes il
all1, if we only Ira Ithese States %% itt
d-cent respect. The States atb(pvk
4-111 )JiIerwrA( ha%u u,j -.a *.. t i.,
14,41eettil'i d C 1111 t.41*0 -15 ,.l-w I .. l.,e
Electoral (O..1leg>- 15 mi''o ihan nee11
es8ary tv elect at Pisid.t.
wVIlu Will IT' BK
B Ith )Iies aro illow witing witl
a g od datl Aif' aixit-ty Itor th 1 i.t1
11ati10n o a D4,mcUra ic caidida'e foi
GU %rior ot N vw York wiicl c,e
off ibis % week. Upon thiis ii.iminal ol
. which *O*wil bk adviseCd by tel
4 egraph, he0 1r0 this lu er relteles you
depen0td8, probabIslyl'1 upon the eleim
ofi the necxt Pr'esidenit. I. is i.retta
generally conicedIed by cltise calcubl.
Sors on both sides that the Presiden
tial candidate who gets the 33 electo
ral votes~ of the E5'npire State will b<
tihe Icculpanit of the White 'louse.
4 hr is sery little doubt that Mr
Tiilden is strong enough to carry th
State unaided by a p opuar nowme,
tor:Oovernor, as hie beat General-Di;~
in '74 by a mn"jority of 50,318 votes
but, as so muoh104is involved in the iE
sue in Newv Y'trk this year, it wa
highly desirable that Mr. Seymou
sh'juld head the State ticket, as h
carried New York against Grant ii
'i4, when the latter was, perhaps tb
inost po1a nlar mnan in ti e Unitei
States, especially wvith the jUion sol
diers. As, however, Mr. Seymou
has seen fit to decline, let us hop
thuat his place on the ticket will b
ilie'bya main who is not mixed u~
in the locial feuds of the party, am
Sho wvill comm) and its entire vote.
TrniE MONEjY QUESTION NOT AN 188U1k.
Because M r. Tilden is, perhaps, thu
most uncomnpromising. adoae&nt
Unin ,f hrdmouey, some) ot hi
fi, ends in the North, judging troni
the course they are pursuing, in t.hei
speeches anid their watings, think ti
elect him onl that issue. This is
grievous, and may be a fatal,' error
The St. Loquis Convention did ntot at
taoh primnal importance to the mnone,
question is evident; or it w~ould no
have placed upon the ticket Mt
hendricks, whose proclivities ha
Jontg been known, far and wide, to bi
for' 1Jno reenbacks.
F Democracy, thea, to en
dleavor' to make the money questior
nir iesne in this campaign is wors<
ha nesele,'s. It is sim Itply at u pied
.and a waste of' time and money; th<
m80s when it is cone6idWeed that
iiayes was elecled Go,vernor of' Ohkc
as a hard 'rnoney man, when the
* 2floney ques:ion was the chief one oj
tle,icanpaign; Wd ghait- Wheeler -h
alkae -been. *u i onk6poken ha
money abjad; 'Tha BoMth Iwerrt as
.unit:for Mr.. uniden'as a'Refonne
and- it waenderAtded thstiIleol
wi t' be the "tm:Den *dr d,
,7 dtiring the campaign. AWd it-boil
Ma. TIDEN 2q(k1Xt'RD" Ag A bf
There is antokher point tiIt
S ,ut4 were very iisistpry upon pp
vious to the poinaittion-; an1it
well :that; Mr. Tilden'a. Norte
friende and sopporters should be r
moiudedsot iti-, The-4leadlirg.-outbe
Democrats Insisted that the reandide
presonled by-the North..fu the
suffrages, sho.ild havo been, f
through the war,.an active, outspo
en Uniln man. They kndw ve
well t4oin past political defoats, a
iron personal intercourse with t
peopie ut the North of all shades
polities, that it is i66 soon fo al
party to hope to elect a Pret ide
whose record as a Union man durii
the N ar is not unassailable. The tii
for that has not yet come. Tlat wi
perhaPe, the very first consideratii
with the Sontlhern leadeis in casti
about f6r a candidate. And it wI
chie' bee Luse they believed Mr.'.
don't war record to be good, ti
hey 'wade up their Iinds to sipp
hinm at St. Lois. Iistead, tletI,
xig uon our candida'
,it tilfinance, wo ld ii niot
1' i ,e for his i ojy*- itattiac triem
to) dA oiel 11pon his3 ref".-tnfatory A'i
e(IOMIlic measures iti Newv Yti
aid their resui e; antdl to retute t
F ist Chat es IWw brtiliglit 11g l
himu by the Rkepublictis (A havi
6IreIased to t-igtn a tcall for a U.i
Imee-i n at ILL tile Co111101tc-i , 3ut (4 1
Wa;" < f ha infg "reuid o col,i
bu e a cei,t to uarry ont t1pe w-ur, whi
Ils Imu. -0-i 'ell %wore C p
inl ti-eir e-41rsi to aid the (Jover,
met;' of Iavilig "discouragiAd
1istnient8 and triud uimwisu to ei
barass the govertimetil;" and, final
Ias Chati mian of the Conunirnce
l Cieoluios of the N4ationil i n
ti.'n whicainmomainated MceClellan,
hravinig "ud'ered and advocated ai~
bolutioni dieclaing the war a tailn
Sand demnuditng that it should cas
-1* view ot thne fact that the abt
.and bimuilar infamnous lies are bei
Swidely circulated all over the Por
' in newspapers and pamphlets, wot
it ntot t.e well for the f.jinds oX 3
; Tilden, thans whom no man not
taall.y in the field has a muore brilli4
a war record, and who contribui
r manuificently to the support of I
3 Union cantee, to prepar e a camnpai
Sdocument setting fortn his services
' the coutry during the rebecllion,
I thtus forever silence is vile slatlde
-1 Tat is what is nreeded now--i
r treatiseses on uinance. (Afriend
a my elbow informs me that sueh
a document is ini course of pr'eparati<
)Good.)
A FREsE WORShIP LiAGUE.
An organiziitien with the ..abg
r,ame hars been commenced in Wat
3 inigton, intended to ho ntational,
a the purpose of' co-op)eratinig with
a similar organization in Engla
formed f r thte purpose of securi
to Protestant residents of Spain I
a privilege of establishing Pr'otedtr
churches anid schoolis in that counti
-It appear's that the Spanish Minis
(4o the Interior has recentl*y torder
Sthe~ removali of the placards, not ic
tetc., hro:n the exterior of all P'rote
-tant schools and places of worshi)
the K(ingdomn, and that tire resi
SProtestan,t clergymen have co
plaiped to the U: iit Legation a
inlehd to follow up the matter'.
It lias been already sttedc h
lti, the chamflpion female trae
of the worlId," lately tell andc dislo<
ted her hip in Dahblin. The atter
ing ph)ysician~ discovered that Li
is a man!
t ' fftWa inncotrd'#Ith 'S6d4tat-y
inMerafIc vtes, fk$ to tHe -sb
of tWera l idii by 'he Mar6fale
and tdieir delts. yt t Iuaglishi
40 T a inffinois cirular' 8rman
D- In;tr opcers tlat ibey.
ws tot jtd 49 fqx. ..hselves, whet er'
rI- the.Prv %lce required of hen is lawful,
e necesiy ble ith their
r1 kdi,iry, .rtilMary; daes.. f possible,
Oe eery . application for .Aid by the
r Marshals or dloputies, must be re
u ferred to the President for his pr-.
k% dors, and in aR1 oases the higbest of
ry fleets who can be reached, will alone
id assume the responeibility of action.
le' 'This i hardly what Tafft and his,
1o inhtigatots dotftehiplated, --and is
31 doubtless far below the anticipations
tit of Radic 116liticihns in the South.
ig We shall see.
e In the meantime the New York
is, S;n expounds the law for the bene
31. lit of all concerned, in the following
11g lucid and emphatic fashion:
'as The only. point in relation to the
il Attorney General's circular that is of
at the:slightest consequence is whether
rt the President can lawfully authorize
(i or instruct the Marshals of the United
e' S:a'es, or their deputies, to preserve
be what he calls "the peace of the United
., States" at the polls when Federal
nd officer's are to be chosen, by employ
rk,t ing tho troops of the United Stat%s
b1 -In nart of the I-l(e c amitninia. W hat
ost the A!Iorncy (eneral means by the
tg "peace of the United S:ates," as dis
' tinguished from the peaca of a State,
1o it would be dificult.to tel. The S
- preio Coutirt of the United States has
ilo said it cannot be claimed that the
IY- Uiited.S-ates have the power or are
required to do mere police duty iii
l- the States. But assuming that.at
R Federal elections "the United States,"
IY t use tle Attorniey General's ]an
Oignaige, have the right to "seure
a voters against whatever in general
of hinders or prevents them from a free
e'exercise of the elective franchise"
re, which by the way is not true unless
a-" the vot4rs are molested or .interfered
IVI. nithi on account of their 'color--the
"ig question is whether the Marshals, in
h,preventing such molestation, can,
id se at the polls the army of the
'United States.
'. Section 2,024 of the Revised Stat
ltutes, title, "The Elective Franchise,"
ed undoubtedly empowers the Marshal,
he when he is by violence, threats,'or1
gi" menaces, prevented from executing
'to his duties or from arresting auy per%
uid san who has committed any offence
fse* for which the Marshal is anthorized
l to make arrest, ato summon and call
at to his aid the bystanders or posse
I a comnitatus of his district," Thiequio
.tation whbich the Attorney General
umakes from the opinion of his pre
decessoi-, Mr. Oushing, to the effect
ye th.at military bodies may be included
byr ini the posse comtatus when the ex
for eenilioni of process Is resisted, has
a nothing whiatever to do with the law
nid lulniess of stationing troops at the
le the commissiota MI 6ffences, or to
mit make arr'ests without process. Mr.
ry. Cuahing's opinion was given in 1854,
er' with reference to the executioni ot
od process under the Fugitive Slave
e, law; and it was a true opinion with
s- reference to the execution of that and
in, all other processoa. But in 1865 an
3 t act of Congress was passed, unow re
m. enacted in the Revised Statutes, sec..
td tion 5,528, making it a highly penal
uffenice for any officer of the army,
or othier' person in the civil or mili
)w tary service of' the United States, to
~ist older, bring, keep or have utder his
authorcity 0or control, any troops 01'
d amed mnetn at any place where a
genetial or special election is held in
dat aniy State, unles such force be ne
Ses8sar'y to repel armed enemies of
the United States or to kep-the
at the polls. The sante provs.
ion also stands In section %002 of the
Revised Statutes, at the head of the
title, "The Elective Franchaise."
We'hare already pointed ont, In
our issue of Monday, 8eptevb, #
w4y the exception of k9eping the
peace at the polls, so far ae the use
of nilitary power is concerned, can
exist only when thp State 16"'unable
tQ kqep its own peace, has called on
the President of the United States
for aid. The la which sternly
prohibits even the presence of mili
tary forces at the place of an'election
necessarily excludes them from the
posse comitatus which the Marshal
is authorized, without any action by
the State, to summon and call to his
aid for the purposes set forth in the
law of 1865 was to prevent offilers
of the army from stationing troops at
any place where an election Is held,
excepting when they are acting, not
under a Marshal of the United States,
but under the executive authority of
the State after a call on'the President
which has resulted in a detail of
United States forces to act under the
orders of the State authorities.
This circular, therefore, of the At
torney General will utterly niislead
the Marshals and their deputies as
well as officers of the army, if it in
duces them to believe that a Marshal
under pretext of keeping "the peace
of the Uni-ed States at the polls to
aid him in the discharge of his duties
in re(yard to the protection of the
,elctivn franchiie. 11P. may undoubt.
edly use the whole of what consti
tutes the posse comitatus in the dis
charge of. his duty at the polis, ex
copting that he must take exceeding
good care that he does not employ
the troops of the United States as
part of that posse comitatne. If he
does, no circular of any Attorney
Getieral that ever lived wi!l afford
him the least protection.
We have no doubt whatever that,
the distinction on which we now in
si8t will heroafter be held .by the
judiciary to be correct. Upon any
other construction of the prov isions
of the Revised Statues, it would fulw
low that any United State3 Marshal,
in any St ate, upon his own judgment
and discretion, without any action of
the State authoriticia, without there
having been any call by the State
Executive for the aid of the United
States in protecting the State against
Democratic violence, and when no
process of the United States is to be
executed, may place troops of the
United States at the polls to act tnder
his orders, and do whatever he may
judge necessary. Our liberties are
not in such a desperate condition, as
all Marshals, Attorney Generals, and
all other officers will find when, this
election is over.
Dragoongthe South.
The Washington correspondent of
the Newv York World, in his dispatch
of the 4th, says:
The long expected letter of the At
torney General, :ntended to influen'ce
the Southern elections, which has
been awaiting the President's approv
al, camne back from Long Branch to
day with his endorsement. Judge
Taft, who has been running to the
War Department a great deal of late,
instantly repaired to Mr. Cameron's
office, where a consultation w'as at
once had by the Republican leaders
and officials assembled for the puir
pose0. These we Secretaries, Came
r'on, Robeson and Chandler, General
Sherman, the carpet-bag Senator
John J. Patterson and Governor
Chamberlain, of South Carolina. Mr.
Tiaift is simply an instrument in this
business to carry out the plans of
party p)olicy which have been devised
by Messrs. Patterson, Cameron anid
Chandler to establish bay onet rule at
the South.
The circular, whuieb is vney ftly
dalted*ab oiryes at cdCe'Fiven to A
the "pre4, The marshals and their ,
doputies at the South, will be very thi
quiok to use the. enormous powers tv
o6nferred upon them- by the etreaar.
Xt is undestood that the mode adop- to
ted by the War Departmpqt of carry.
kg out tboew:polay will be to send
ihe opinion to the army officers in the en
Both for their information and guid r
an e. They will then be, t the beck .r
and call o e infamue class of per-, ed
sons now filling the offles of United as
States Marshals at the South, and the pr
deputies they miky . glect, and may tb
be usO to any-eotent thaW partyex
igencies may require. The machin%
ery being now ready, the carpet-bag i
gers will incite the more vicious class
of negroes to outrages to white men an
and ladies at the Soutih, so as to bring 1
about race conflicts, which they will
use tA the pretext for an extensive
system of arreets by the soldiery. In he
ibis way they hope to carry four or W
five Southern States. Secretary D
Cameron will now leave for Pennysi- in
vania and his Western trip. sa
CHAMBERLAIN DgMoRALIzED.-The on
Washington correspondent of the i
Baltimore Sun, after mentioning the
presence of Chamberlain and Patter d
son at the Cabinet council the other q
day, says:
It is rumored that at the sugges
tion of these two latter one of the A
first things that the Marshal of South 1
Carolina will be prompted to do is to ti
break up by force the practice of the a
South Carolina Conservatives of ap- 6
pearing at public meetings and dis- '
cussing political questions with the e
Republicano. The practice of orators C
of the different political parties en- e
gaging in mutual disenssions before
the people. bas long' prevailed all
over the Union. Tiore certainly is
nothing in tho Enforcement act that t
can even by Radical ingenuity be P
tortured into a probibitiou of this 1
practice in South Carolina and a
sanction of it in other States. Bitt
the South Carolina Radicals are un.
willing that the -negroes whom they 4'
hate so long edntrolled to their own
hurt sball be enlightened, and there, h
fore the majesty of the polver of the a
United States Government is to be a
invoked to fetter free speech. Gen. 0
Ruger left here to night to take com a
mand of the Department of thq %outh. r
Gov. Obamtberlain also lef t for South a
Carolina, and it is understood that LI
troops will be furnished immediately ti
to assist the Marshd i of South Caro- f
lina in preventing the Counservative r
speakers from puting their side,. of
the question before the negroes of
South Carolina.
The European powers have taken p
fle matter' of peace negotiations into hi
their own hands without reference to ti
Turkey or Servia. 3
A rifle club, "Hampton Legion
Company, D." was organized at Wil
liameton on last Friday evening, with
the following officers: W. P. Cannon, a
Captain; R. V. Acker', 1st. Lieuten
ant; Lewis Johnson, 2nd Lieutenant;h
J. W. Dacus, 3d Lieutenant. The
club numbers fifty four members al, '
ready. c
Mr. S. G. Herndon, a highly re
spected citizen of OconeB County,
died last week. He was tax collec-1
tor of Pickens District for a term.
The first bale of new cotton wasi
receivedJat Greenville on Wednesday c
from Cokesbury, raised by W. A. t
Moore, and was sold to the Camnper, s
kown Mills at 11 cents.
Belknap's Mills in Laconia, N. HI.,
which have been idle three years, ,
will resume operations sooni under c
the name of Laconia Mills.i
Whoso koepoth his mouth and hisa
tonguo keepeth his soul fromi any e
troubles.
Projected Raid on-MSth Ua.
Eh ewho ar eot.a 194td wIsh
v, time ohafacter 4f .Ohtdwberia(mi
ronii.t 'ba Pi eIr"of'6igtbk
lear ,th~at he IsAb. miost aeyys et
Republican politicians who at.
ging the GovinbienttWisnd Fed.
il troops into the Sonth Inbider to
imidaw YQteMq ,o wa Ioeiy
pofted s-denying that he had swkou
for troops in gouth Carolind and'
expressing the beliet that the'.
esence would not be necessary
ugh he was doubtles seoretely
king for sQldiers, while he was puT.
rventn. - Mtany rate, he-mob..
Irmdeinnt voU hi9(1wMse&>)uoW4
d odrday he very t sgey-ex
kined t6'anowsp*per oori4yondent
i reas--R.sa ,AolAnge oirnt.
"T40itnlatiou in South Oalina,"
saif1"W.hs canged as in a- hounr,
hen Iwas. here a month ago tho
)mocrats in South Carolina were
clined to srpport me, and had even
Id that they would nominate no
e In opposition to me. The State
Republican by a majority of at
ist twenty thousand, and they had
termined, for the sake of peace and
116nas 1o7ndorma mo;Ibub-eGavod
. U. Butler and Gary, and men of
at type, captured the convention
id d4ded upon putting up W,ud9
Laipton. Since that tine the all
re situation has changed." These
*e Chamberlain's own wdrds; having
,iled in his plais to run both politi
%l par'ies for his own personal ben,
fit, lie throws off the mask and rush.
a to Washington to.beg tor an arm.
d invasi6t f the State: 'ivei *hich
e donineors.
In the convprpatioi referred to
bove, Chamberlain complained that
ie Democrats come to all the Re
ublican political ineetinge asnd in
at upon discussing with the Repub
can speakers the questioqs at issue.
I would not object to this," lie said
)il thi were all; but,it is not. They
m oour nidetidgs3ftrmed and
ounted." IIe neglected to say,
owever, that thie negroes also go
rmed to such gatherings, and that
few days ago, at a meeting on one
I the Sea Islands, where it had been
rranged that both parties should be
ipresented on the speakers'' stand,
nd where the blacks outnumbered
ne whites probaibly a lbundred to one,
uose of the negroes who had no
rear me came armed with scythes,
azors, pitchforks and axes.-.
The truth is that under the vile
iinous rufle of Chamberlain and bia
nmnediate pr'edecesrs in office,
iere has been no seeinrity for life or
roperty in South .Carolina; and it
as become 'a matter of necessity for
nwhites to go armed for self pro.
arvation in those counties whore thos
Wepublicans are in a mnajority.. Ini
nother column, we publish a few,
iets, hastily gathered from various
uthentic sources that fully show the
2ocking condition of socty i n the
tate whichn Chamberlain wishes to
ave put under military supervision,
order that he and his kind may
antinue to fatten upon the misfor-~
anos of its people.
Now t4at this unaerupulous dema
ogue has shown himself once more
ri his true colore, we trust that tho
)emocrats of South Carolina will
ake special pains to disappoint him.
ra his expectations of race disturban'
os. Trheir deliverance depends uponi
bie most complete forbearance arid
Alf control on their part.-Now
ork Sun, 6th.
Cline's workshops, in Greenville,
ere destroyed by an incendiary fire,
n Thursday last. Loss $8,000. No
asu rance.
"My bark is on the sea,"as the cur
did when the captain throw him over

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