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How the Country Takes It.
THE TONE OF TUE PREES ON THE TRI
BUNAL's LAST DECISION.
There is reason for the strong dis.
satisfaction expressed concerning the
course of the majority of the Electo
al Commission. There is just cause
for complaint, not because they have
awarded the votes of Florida and
oi Louisiana to Governor Hayes, but
because of -their persistent refNsal to
inquire into the truth of the cerlii
cates which covered those votes. The
commission was created, under cii.
cumnstances of the utmost solemility,
to inquire and decide whether such
certificates as those given by Stcarns
and Kellogg did actually certify to
tle truth, and whether the Electors
ltlamed in tLose certificates weie in
truth and in law the Electors who
received, majorit ies ot the law ful
votes cf Flo ida and Louisiana. This
+ - the n.ajority of the com-nisioun have
continuously refused to do, and,
taking their stand on bare technicali
ties, have abdicated the v.ery juiris,.
diction anad action they were brought
into existence to exercise. Without
the belief that they would exercise
it, the commission could have had no
com an cofidncethroughout the
United States. This issadwt
profound regret. It is mortifying to
be obliged to say it in the columns
of a journal which was among the
foremost in aiding to create the comn
missie n, and whichb, in fact, sketched
its outlines long before the law took
shape anywhere else. We certainly
understood that the comimissiun was
to inquire into the very truth and
right of the disputed votes in Flor
rida and Louisiana, and that the
decision of the commission was to he
given.upon the merits after that in
quiry, and not upon bald technicali..
ties.- Philadelphia Ledger, Ind.
It will certainly be a National mis
* fortune and a National disgrace it
such a wealth of wrong-doing as has
been gathered under the Kellogg
State government in Louisiana and
culminated in the proceedings of the
returning board is to fasten itself
upon the nation and accredit us with
a President. But, if it does, there
are two strong consolations. The
adjudication that concludes the re
sult has been in the name of law and
in the spirit of patriotism, and the
Presidept it gives to us promises of an
elevated and retormned administra
tion, in which the elements of injus-.
tie. and corruption will find neither
defence nor tolerance.-Springfield
We would have been glad if there
had been a bigger majority in j?lo
rida and a clearer case according to
e or'thern ideas of equity as well as
law ini TQnsana. Lut en ev..:n
warrants us in saying that, whatevet
may seem to be the shadow on the
title of Governor Hayes, it is as noth
ing to the blackness of darkness tha
has settled over the claim of Gov
Tilden. Somebody has been elected
and it is certain that Governor Til
den has not been. The end is ir
sight.-N. Y. Tribune, Rep.
The Commission has made a wise
just and faithful construction of iti
powers, and one for which the coun
try has great reason to be thankful
Had it decided that the powers witL
which it was invested extended t<
the overhauling of the whole ma
chinery of the State govarnment, and
possibly to reversing the declara
tions of the agents appointed by the
State' to determine who were itE
Electors, it would have opened tb
door wide to incalculate mischief.
N. Y.Times, Rep.
As for the Democratic party, since
it in good faith accepted this tribu
nal, we do not see how any bad faith
or incompetency on the part of itE
accepted agentE can release it from
its obligations. We have little doubt
that no calamity could befall a free
country worse than the inauguration
of a President under a vitiated title
We have not the slightest doubt thal
there is one thing much worse fo.
any political party than an honorable
defeat-and that is a dishonorable
victory.-N. Y. World, Dem.
We trust the representatives of the
Democratic party at Washingtor
will tnitedly bow with loyal obedi
ence to w hat has been determinec
for theim as the law by a body they
aided in creaitig. The snaps anc
tricks and trallds which they art
unable now to guai d' against will bc
universally referred to in the year
that are Io com wilh the conteip
to day felt foi them by eveiy bonesi
American and by every believer ii
popittar r-,1le in the world over.
Birooklyi Eagle, Dem.
W bile it would be compara'ively
easy wo: k to defeat the finality ol
th1e Electoral law, we are not pe
pared to rocomnenid any such con
elus ion. In t he first lace, t wc
wrongs never made the second wrong
the right act. In the second place1
thbe remedy is full of danger to the
country and cf no correonmding~
benefit to the Democrats. In the
third place, there was a mnoral agree
mneit to abide by the decision.-N.
Y. Express, Demt.
Mr. 11ayes will become the next
President of the Unmted States under
cii cums'ances of the gravest embar
rassment, anid the nation is compel
led to face the nu;pleasant fact that,
no matter what frauds may be comi
mitted in connection with a Presi
dent ial election, there is absolutely
no tribumal to which an appeal cami
be made to redi ess the wrong or
evenI to mnake inquiry with regard tt
it.-Philadelphia Telegraph, Rep.
Though the Democrats have beet]
deceived and tricked they will not
violate the honor they pledge to tb<
country when they agreed to arbi
tration. But while they honestly
submit they can with dignity wasl
their hands of the dirty proceeding
and not give that decency to it tha
the participation of honest men migh
confer - Louisville Cou rier Journal
Our country is too great, its des
tiny is too well assured, to j ustify ti
despondency on the ground of
transient p)ersonIal or political disap
pointmen t. It will continue to grov
and prosper under President .hayei
as it woulg have prospered undei
M r. Tilden hlad he been elected.-N
Y. Herald, Ind.
The new idea that Hayes is elected
and so declared by a tribunal consti
tuted by the votes of their own re
presentatives, goes through the De
macracy with an amount of d istnrb
ance thait is tunknown in the effects 0
the most powerf4il corgpound cathart,
ic nilt.-Oininnati Commra..,
This9practically ends the work of
the tribunal. It is incapable of de
ceney or honesty. It. will be. worse
t; than useless to- argue any further
questions before it for any purpose
save delay. It has no longer a tittle
- to respect or a right to exist. It is a
i mockery.-Oincinnati Enquirer.
Had the Commission gone into the
cases under review on their respec
I tive merits, that of itself would have
tended, in a large degree, to relieve
the public mind of the disagreeable
I impression that must now rest upon
it.-Baltimore Sun, Ind.
R. B. Hayes, who will hereafter be
known in this country as Returning
- Boaad Hayes, is to be declared el
ected President by one vote uf the
igreatest lies ever known in all the
records of dishonest politics.-N. Y.
The highest prize in the gift of the
people hac been offered as a premi
un for the violation of the I)allot,
the abolition of State rights and con
summatien of successful villany.
Baltimore Bulletin, Den.
We do not believe the process by
whieb the will of the people of Loui,.
siana was defeated can be justified.
The returning board and its acts will
be infamous in the history of the
State-Boston Globe, Ind.
Of all the frauds resorted to for
the purpose of installing Hayes in
the seat of Washington and of Jef
lerson, the biggest of all is the so
called "Electoral ribunal."-Washi,
ington Union, Dn.
The decisil)n will prove a rock ci
defence against the encroach ments o
the Federal power upon the clearly
defined constitutional rights of the
St ates.---W ashingoun Republican,
The verdict of the Electoral Com)
mission will be regarded as a blow
-aimed at the liberties of the people,
and a triumph of the few over the
many.-Reading Eagle, Dem.
The case was perfectly clear, and
the only stubbornness a[nd palrtisan
ship displayed was on the part of
the sevenm Democrats.-Pittsburg
The assassination of liberry will
soon be over. If Rutherford B.
IIayes enters the W hite Ihouse, it
will be over a prost rate republi.
Alban Argus, Dem.
Let Democrats submit to tihe theft
of tihe Presidency, bat organ ize for
an eternal warfare against the thieves.
Richmond Whig, Demn.
'The Electoral Commission has dis
ap)pointed all our hopes. We have
no hleart to pursue the subject.
Richmond Dispatch, Dem.
Words can but imLherfectly ch ar
acterize the scoundrelism of this de
Cisionl. It is simply damnable.
The1 decision will be as legally
binding and as mnorallg worthless as
in the case of Florida.- Boston Post,
This vile decision of the foreaworn
Comnmission ought not to stand. It
must not stand.-Pittsburg Post,
EnAnLKY JoRNERED.-The0 Case of
Justice Bradley is indeed a most pit
iable one. So'metimeos during tihe
discussions of the commfission 11e was
completely cornered by other memn
ber's. When he was laying down
the opini on -that it w~as not completent
to go behind a governor's certificate,
Senator Ba.yard put to him the ques
tion: "Suppose a State should elect
doubi the number of electors to which
entitled, or the electors of a State
should vote for an alieu for President
would there be no power to reomedy
this?" Unable to reply, Judge Brad
leby hung down his head in ihis abject
partisanash ip.-Balti more Sun.
A general reduction in the wages of
Sagricultural laborors has been made
in most parts of England since tho
close of the autumual scasen.
The Movement of the South.
WOAKING UP OF THE NEW RI'UBLICAN
WASHINGTON, Feb. 22.-The move
ment to build up a white Republican
party in the Soulh, to which allusion
hae been made several time in this
correspondence, it is ascertained io
day is being vigorously prosecuted
by some of the leading men of the
Republican party, who hold the clos
est relations to Governor Hayes.
There is now no doubt that imme
diately after the election overtures
were made to prominent Southern
Democrats, in which it was plainly
indicated that in the event of llayes'
accession to the Presidency the Feds
eral patronage in theSouth would be
placed at their disposal, if in return
any guarantee was afforded that the
Republican administration would be
supported and the white vote divided.
These overtures received little it any
encouragement forn those to whom
they were made. The session of
Congress cane on, and in the great
uncertainty which prevailed as to the
ulimate result ot the Presidentiual
contest the inmatter was temporarily
After the formation of the elector
al comni6sionl, and its partisan de
cision in the Florida case, it ot course
was gencrally assuinmed a,-.d conced.
ed that hayes would get it. Then
negotiations were isumed, and they
have been in netive progrebs for ten
days or imore. The inmist active nov.
er-s in tle mnter are Senator Sher
inan and General Sherni.l. his broth
er. Senator Sherman w%-ill undoubt
edly be the power beihind thu throne
in tile flayes ad llinl isti-ition, and the
statemient mIade Iast night that he is
(o be the Secretary of the Treasury
iny be repeated with greater confi
dence. It may appetr stran(ge tlit
afer i the maligiali host ility which he
has exhibiied oward tHie South for
so nany years, he siould nowv be in
favor of a policy of conzciliation, but
it is uneverthaeless thle faict. It is also
said that even Senator Morton has at
ast come ta the coniclusion that it
will be wise to "let uip" a little on the
South.- There is no doubt whlatever
that it a Southern Demitocr'at of prom-11
inence can be found who will accep)t
i place in the Cabinet of Mr. Uayes
e can have it as distinct initinmations
:o that effect have been r'eceived from
those who it is believed are fully au
hor' ized to speak. But it is not
likely that such a one can be found.
T1hie inme of Seniator' Nor'wood, of'
3eorgia, has been mient ionedl in thiis
>>nnect ion by s< me of thie Southlern
R~epublicans. But Senator N or wood
old me to day t hat lhe did n1ot know
what lie had done to be spoiken of' in
this manner. le said that it a Cab
net position under' Iayes was offer
ud to him,l and evryman woman
El di childI in the State of Georgia
were to beseech hhn to accept as a
ravor' to them, he might do so, but lie
should consider it a sacrifice, iIe
Jid niot see how any Soutthiern Dem
acr'at could accept a position of the
kmnd, knowing t hat 11ayes was a
uisurp~er, and would be for thie whole
four years of his term nothing more
than.a do faicto Praesident.
Another ve.ry protninenit Demo
er'atic Sen atoir w as aipi'oachted b-y
several Rep)ubl1icanI Sentators wvhlo said
to him thIat Iiayes desit ed to extend
the olive btranch to lie Southi, and,
said they, "Whait is it you Southern
pleople want?" TheC Senator repl)ied,
"WeV want none of your Cabliniet pos
sitions or big offices, butt we want
you to take your feet from off our
necks, to treat us as equals, to show
that you have somie conftidence ini us.
We want you to take away your
troops, and let uis regulate our local
affairs. We will obey the constitu
tion and the laws and prIotcCt the
rights of all with1 as mach fidelity as
you do. and we onhy ak that ma hm
allowed to have the gvernments we
have elected. The South liis 188 el
ectoral votes, and she has no favors
to ack of any administration. If she
is put on an equality with the rest of
tile Union i3he can take care of her
It may be regarded as almost cer.
tain that the plan to get a prominent
Southenti Democrat cannot succeed,
and must be abandoned. But it is
said that in the distribution of the lo
cal offices of the South Governor
Hayes is determined to appoint good
men, even if he has to take redl hot
Democrats, and it is certain that in
most localities in the South one of
these things must follow the other.
Southern Congressmen say they think
it very probable tiat Democrts in
their section will take local offices if
tendered to them, but that it will be
with the distinct understanding that
they are not thereby expected to tAb
jure thdir party fealty.
As to Southiern Republicans, there
are a batch of them who will be only
too glad to take Cabinet positions.
Colonel Mosby informs us that he
does not want any oflice himself, but
he considers that the Souith is entitled
to and will probably get at least two
Cabinet appointm21nts. It can 1e
stated as very rearly positively des
tormnined upon that Jtudge Settle, of
North Carolinw, who has lately been
confimed as United States District
Judge of Florida, will go into the
Cabinet. Senator Alcorn, of Missis,
sippi, will take a place ii the Cabinet
if he can get it; so will ex,Senator
Pool, of North Carolina, but he cer
taily will not. Ex,-Cungresstan
Mackenzie, of Virginia is spolken of
for Postmaster General, as is also
Represeltaitive Kasso), ol Iuwa.
In regard to the Chamberlain and
Packard governmente, it is said that
the position of Governor Hayes will
be Ihis: Ile will not interfere in either
way,and will probably withdraw the
troops from both tie States of South
Carolina and Louisiar.a, if he has a
satisfactory assuran)ce that no violent
measures of t co will be reso'rted to
by lIampllton or' Nichtolls. This as
eurance Sonthern Senatirs have al
read(y inidicated they are willitng to
grive on their hotnor. Governor 11ati es
will shit is eyes, as it were, until
Chamberlain anid Packat d are peace
full y "stai ved outr," and t hen, there
being but oneo govern menit in eit her
of the States inmed, Mr. IIayes will
have nothting less to do thtan to recog
nize it. lThere is no doubt that as
sooni as Chamb)erlain and Packard
find thItat they can expect nto active
su1pport from! the neow admtiitt ~in
thtey wvih ret ire without anty more ado
and( with the least p)ossible dlelay,
anid athought no at temtipt will be
made to interfere wvitht themn as cit i
zens, it is likely that they will botht
finid it more pleasanit to go back to
the States where they belong.-B1al
The Birthday Veto.
VTo N orthtern and Western paperCIs
comment very freely upon01 the order
of Presidcent Grant prohibiting the
elobrationt in South Carolina of the
Birthday of George Washintgton. The
Times arid Tribune, and papers of that
school of polities, aro silent. Tho~ a
papers wvho do not bend the kneo to
Grant and party, denounce his intfa,.
mous order in unmeasured Lterm.
Below wvill ho found extracts fr'om
the edi toral col uns ot the prIintcipal
1)cmocratic journalo 01 the .Nor'th and
Uo0w WoULD YOU LIKE iTr.
IiTo Now 11avo Register says: But
what do the peopjlo of the Northt thinik
of' such an order? What would our
citizen soldiery say if an order should
be issued cornmantding United States
troops to prevent thomn from colobrat%
intg to morrow, the birthday of te
"father of his country?" It,is a con
solation to kntow .that tho Dictator,
Granit. will next week retir to t
shages of private life. Re fins o0e
more to debauch the government, and
hasten the downfall of the peop's
liberties, than any other man ID pu6.
WHITE SLAVERY IN SOUTH 0ARotJ*A.
The New York Sun says: The aa
very of the bracks has boon abolished
in South Carclina, as in other South.
ern Statos,'but what shall be said of
the condition of the whites in that
State when their rifle etube are not
permitted to turn out to celebrate the
birthday of the Father of his Countryr
What shall be said of a commander
in-chief, a President of the United
States, who authorizes an order for.
biding the "members" of such clubs
to "mako any public demonstration 6r
parado" on tho anniversary of the
birth of Georgo Washington? And
this order is issued by the Post Com.
mandant, and is to be enfoiod if
need be, at the point of the bayonet
and tho mout1f of the cannon. Wbt
would George Washingtion have said
if he could havo foreseen that one of
his sucessors in office, in a time of
protound peace, mould ever direct
such an order to be made? What be.
comes of the provision of the Consti
tution of the United States that 4bo
right of the people to keep and bear
arms shall not be infringed?" Under
the circunistances it certainly looks
like an arbitrary, unwarranted, un
constiLutional exerciso of arbitrary
A DESPOTIC ACT,
The New York Journal of Com
merce says: One of the vices of a mi
litary furn of government, is its habit
of meddling with tbo innocent pursuits
and pleasures of citizens. It intera
fers for the sake of interfering, and
to lot peoplo know that they are under
its thumb. Columbia, S. C., just now
supplies an illustration of this truth.
It reads like a chapter from the his,
tory of Russia under Nicholas, or
France under the Second Empire.-.
Tho patriotic Columbians had resolved
to celebrate Washington's birthday
handsomely. For that purpose all the
"crack" military companies (white)
in Columbia volunteered and pro
pared for a grand turnout on the 22d.
I.n order to make the nuililary pa
gent as fine as possible, and also to
conciliate the Federal authorities, thei
citizen soldiers courteously invited
the Eighteenth United States Infan,
try to head the procession. This act
alono should have dissipated all susa
picions with regard to the peaceful
designs of the paraders. But, unfor
tunately, these volunteer companies,
wvhich are armong the oldest and most
respoetable in the South, have been
lately known by the name of "rifle
clubs8," and as such the President
ordered their disbandment last Oc,
tober. Since then they have been
reconstructed as mili$a, and the of.
ficors have received commissions from
Governor .11am pton. The President
is niot asked to recognize the validity
of the commissions--which might be
considered equivalent to a recognition
of Governor lLlmptonl. But it was
expected that ho would concedo the
right of theso mon as peaceable citi,
zens to parade the stroots with miii
tary insignia, and thus give color and
beauty and interest to a celebration
thaLt would be tame without it. Why
tho President has forbiddon this harm
less demonstration we know not. Per'.
haps he has pgersonal reasons for dis.
liking the rendering of honors to a
man so different from himself in all
that makes true greatness. What..
ever the reasons, the fact remains that
the people of Columbia, and also of
Charleston, S. C., are prevented from
joining with their brethren of other
States and cities in co. semnorating
this glorious anniversary. We tender
them our sympathies, with the hope
that th.is disgraceful state of things
will terminate with the inauguration
of a now administration.
00OING BEHTND THRE RETURNs.
it appears that President Grant is
jealous of the late George Washingwon
says the Cincinnati Enquirer. He
has forbiddon the white mnilitia oom
p)anies of South Carolina to pat-ade on
Washingion's birthday. Tbis is als
most as unwarrahitable an interfer,
enco with States' rights as "going bo
hind the returns." The Republicans
should be more cons8istent.