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Chamberlain's Address to the Republi
cans of South Carolina.
To the .Republicans of South Carolina:
By your will I was made Govern
oi of this State in 1874. At the el
election on the 7th of November last
I was again, by your votee, e!ected
to to the same office. My title to the
office, upon every legal and moral
gronnd, is to day clear and perfect.
By the recent decision and action of
the President of the United Sates, I
find myself unable longer to mainta in
my oflicial rights with the prospect
of final success, and I hereby an
niounce to you that I am unwilling to
prolong a struggle w. ich can only
bring further suffering upon those
who engage in it.
InI announcing this conclusion, it is
my duty to s%ty for you that the Re
Publicans of Sonuth Carolina entered
upo4'tbir recent political struggle
for the maintenance ut their political
and clvil rights. Constituting, beyond
question, a large majority of thle law
l voters of the State, you allied
yourself with that political party
whlose central and inspiring printcip)le
has hitherto been the civil and po
litical freedom of all men under the
constitution and laws of our country.
By heroic efforts and sacrifices which
thme just verdict of history, will rescue
from the cowardly scorn now cast
upon them by political p)lacemen and
traders, you secured the electoral
vote of South Carolina for Hayes and
Whbeeler. In accomplishing this re%
suit you became the victims~ of every
form of pertsecution and injury.
From authentic evidence it is shmown
thatt not less than one hundred. of
your number were murdered because
they were fathful to thir pinciples and
exercised rights solemn ly guaranteed
to them by the nation. You were
denijed erployment, driveni from
your homes, robbed of the earnings
of years of honiest industry, hunted
for your lives like i' ild boasts; your
families outraged and scattered, for
no offense except your p)eaceful
4nd firm determination to exeacise
your political rights. You trusted,
se you had a right to trust, that if by
such efforts yon established the law
*iii supremacy of your political party
in the nation, the govern ment of the
United States, in the dischar'ge of its
constituttional duty, would protect
ttllstul government of the State
from overthrow at the hands of your'
political enemies. From catuses pat
ent to all men and questioned by
pope who regard truth, you have
hen unable to overcome the unlaw
fol combinations and obstacles which
have opposed the p)ractical suprema..
9y of the government which your.
votes have established. For many
weary monthe you have waited for
your deliverance. While the long
struggle for the Presidency was in
progress you were exhorted by every
reentativean rgan- of th a
tional Republican party to keep your
allegiance true to that party Ju order
that your deliverance from the hands
of your oppressors night be certain
and complete. Not the faintest whis
per of the possibility of disappoint
ment in these hopes and promises
ever reached you while the struggle
was pending. To day, April 10, 1877
by the older of the President whom
your votes alone rescued from over
whelmig defeat, the government of
the United States abandon you; de
liberately withdraws from you its
support, with the full knowledge
that the lawful government of the
State will be speedily overthrown.
By a new interpretation of the
constitution of the United States, at
variance alike with the previous
practice of the government and with
the decisions of the Supreme Court,
the executive of the United States
evaded the duty of ascertainingwhieh
of two rival State governments is the
lawful one, and by the withdrawal of
the troops now protecting the State
from domestic violence abandons the
lawful State government to a strug
g'e with insurrectionary forces too
powertul to be resisted. The grounds
of policy upon which such action is
defended are startling.
It is said that the North is
weary of the long Sonthern troubles.
It was weary, too, of the long troll
bles whicii sprung from the stupen
dous crime of chattel slavery and
longed for repose. It songht to cov
er thein frow sight by wicked coi
promises with the wrong which dis
turbed its peace, but God hel I it to
its duty until, through a conflict
which ro-ked and agonized the nas
tion, the great e ime us put away
and freed..m was ordained for all.
It is said that it a majority of the
peoplj of a State are unable by
physical Lrce to iaintainl their rights
they must be left to political Bervi
tude. Is this a doctrine ever before
heard in our history? If it shall
prevail, its consequences will not
long be confind to South Carolina
it is said that a Democratic IIouse
of Representatives will refuse an asp
p)ropriatioa for the army of the Uni
ted States if the lawful government
of South Carolina is mnutainedl by
military forces. Snbmission to such
coercion mar ks the degeneracy of the
p)olitical party or people which enm
dures it. A government worthy the
name, a political party fit to wield
powers niever before blanched at such
But the edict has gone forth. No
argu ments or consideration which
your friends could p)resent have suf
ficed to avert the disaster. No effec
tive means of resistance to the con
summation of the wr*ong are lef t. Thle
struggle can be prolonged. My
strict legal rights are of course wholly
unaffected by the action of the Pres
ident. No court of the State has
jurisdiction to pass upon the title to
my office. No lawful Legislature
can be converied except upon my
call. Ii the use of these powers
promiised ultimate success to our
cause, I should not shurink from any
sacrifices which might confront me.
It is a cause in which, by the light
of reason and conscience, a man
might well lay downt his life. Ent,
to my mind, my present responusibil,
ity involves the consideration of thme
effect,of my action npion those whose
representatives I am. I have hither
to been willing to ask you, Republi.
cans of South Carolina, to risk all
dangers and endure all hardships un -
til relief should come fromn the gov
ernment of the United States. That
relief will never omje. I cannot
ask you to follow me further. In my
best judgment, I can no longer servo
you by further resistance to the imn
W ith gratitude to God for theO
measure of enduranca with which be
has hitherto inspired me, with grati
tude to you for your"boundless con-.
fidence in me, with profound admir.
ation for your matchless fidelity to
the cause in which we have strug
gled, I now announce to you and to
the people of the State that I shall
no longer actively assert my right to
the office of Governor of South (Jar%
The motives and purposes of the
President of the United States in the
policy which compels me to my pres.
ent course are unquestionably honor
able and patriotie. I devoutly pray
that events may vindicate the wis
dom of his action, and that peace,
and justice, freedom and prosperity
may hereafter be the portion of ev
ery citizen of South Carolina.
D. H. CHAMBERLAIN,
Governor South Carolina.
South Carolina's :Friend-The New
The citizens of Columbia did a
graceful and becoming act in present.
ing to Mr. Eccles Cutllbert, the cor
respondent of the New York Herald,
% hendsomne gold watch, as an evi
ience of their recognition of the can
jor, impartiality and ability with
which he hias chronicled events at
he State Capital, since the nomina
ion of Hampton last autumn. Now
hat the political redemption of South
Darolina is accomplished, Mr. CutL.,
bert returns to his old headquarters
it Richmond, bearing with him the
.ood will and wishes of thousands to
whom lie is personally unknown, but
who realize acutely how much South
Carolina owes to him and to the great
niew.piper of which he is a repire,
The succes which has attended
South Carolina in her struggle for
deliverance is due, in large measure,
to the sul)port given her, and the aid
rendered her, by a few journals in
the North. Their words reached ears
which were closed to the appeals of
S uthern speakers, and found read
ers where bouthiern newspapers ar'e
rarely seen. Foremiost, staunchest
and most influential among such
journals was the Newv York Herald.
Month after month, with out waver
ing or hesitation, the Herald pleaded
the cause of good government in
South Carolina, mingling its appeals
for justice with wise counsel and
cheering words to the agonized peo
ple of the State. For once, the heart
of the mighty journal seemned tou cha
ed, and, in behalf of South Carolina,
every reource of rhetoric, sarcasm
and and invective was exhausted.
The whole value, to South Carolina,
of the Herald's dlaily work may never
be known, but enough is known to
command for the Hlerald the respect,
confidence and gratitude of a re
deemed people. And if aught were
wanting to fill to overflow the cup of
oue thankfulness it is found in the
tact that the IIerald is toiling for
Louisiana, our suffering sister, as it
labored for South Carolina, and will
not turr. aside until, in t he Gulf, a
victory is won as brilliant as that
which perched on our standard in the
once Prostrate State.-Charlest>n
News and Courier.
It seems to have just occuirred to
the Maryland authorities that the
Bennett-May duel was fought on
their territory, and at this late day
Judge Stump has charged the grand
jury of Caroline county to investi,.
gate the affair, and indict the prin
ci pals and accessories, if they find it
was p)erpetrated in that county.
The Gover'nment is going to take
vigorous measures for the suppression
of the extensive frauds in tobacco
mamnfacture in North Carolhna Some
thirty manuacturers in Surrey
County have already been indicted.
The crop prospects ini Western Tex
a are the finest for 24 years.
- Xabel'and Herbert.
Mabel ILamar stood in the snm
mer house door, watching hier cousin
Ellis and his friend, Uerbert Guer
ney, as they strolled away across the
lawn, smoking their cigars.
'Every time he cone3 here I am
more and more attracted towards
him,' said Mabel to herself.
She was speaking of Ilerbert.
'I believe there eij some truth in
the saying that a man possessing a
spirit du diablo is always very at
tractive in a woman's eyes- not- that
Herbert is exactly diabolical. No,
not diabolical, but cynical, sceptical,
his very little faith, if any, in the sex.
Yet when he was on a visit here be
fore, more than once I thought I
saw his cynicism giving away. Per
haps it was imagination. Was it
imagination on my part this morn
ing, when lie met ine after his arri
val, and taking my hand in his, his
'I wish I could trust you? Bah! I
am growing egotistical. As if Herb
ert, Who has no faith in my sex,
would think of trusting a faulty crea,
ture like me.'
IIer cousin and Herbert had dis
appeared from view, and Mabel
leaned ngainst the door and thought
how happy she,would be if lerbort
could trust her. The sound of voices
coming from behind the summer
house, startledl her. It was her cousin
and his friend returning in anothier
directi->n. She was in no frame of
mind to meet Herbert j ust now, and
hoping that they would pass on, she
stepped back into the suinmei -house.
'1 1hink you1 arC too hard on the
opposet sex, 3ert.'
It was her cousin Ellis that spoke.
'Not at all. At t%%enty t-ne I
thought as you do. You decim them
'Oh, not all them,' laughed Ellis.
Herbert Guorney leaned his should
er against the lattice of the suinmer
house, and continued, in his low,
'Wel, you sec themn through clonds
of coleur do rose; but the clouds will
disperse, and in five years morec you
will see thiemr as I do. Long before
that time my dear boy, you will find
that they are all the same. Thile wvo
men of' the nineteenth centuiry pro0s
trate themseelves on the altar of Mamn
mon. There they are. The rich
man can have his p)ick and choice;
the poor man doesn't stand the ghost
of a chance. They regard his povs
erty as a crime.'
Mabel crouched down in the corn,
er of the summer-house. She had
done wrong in remaining to hear'
what Herbert had to eay about her
sex; but she was niot sorry. She
would hear' it out now.
'I guess you wer e once in love, and
some *ealthy fellowv got the inside
track of you/' said Ellis.
'You needn't gucess any thiing about
it, Ellis; such was my case for a tact.
Six years ago I was an office drudge,
but I didn1t mind the drudgery. It
was all for her, you know. A wealthy
suitor made his appearance, and I
got what we call in the city 'a clean
shake. But before the wedding came
off, my rich aunt died and the oflice
drudge was possesser of a quarter of
a million. Then my lady Jove was
sorry, and wished to return to her
allegiance, but I returned her to her
wealthy suitor with my hearty Coul
'Oh! Well, it's time you forgot
all that now. Never mind your city
belles; fall in love with one of our
country lasses and settle dlown here,'
'[Ua, ha, ha? You ma)idenCf who
milks in the morning, shod like a
mountaineer, aund your city belle who
whiles away the wee smna' hours
tripping to the strains of t he band in
bejewelled slippe.as, arc all the same.
As I told you before. a womant ..
woman the world over--there Is ni
difference - between theai4: If yoi
have wealth, you can got a wife anj
day for the troubling of asking. Cotm
let us go up to the.house.,
A webk passed away since Mabe
overheard the above '&nversation
and during that tine she avoide(
Herbert Guerney as much as possi
blo. Perhaps it was because sh
tried to avoid lim that he sough
after bier society.
A desire to speak to him in he
old familiar way caine over her a
she stood in the window and watche(
him lying at full length upon tb
grass in the shade of the trees.
The desire grew so strong upot
her that she passed out of the house
and reaching the spot where he lay
she said, more to herself than t(
IIe started, raised himslf upon hit
elbow, and looked upi as it a littlc
surprised to see her.
'Vell, I have nothing else to do
'You ought to be ashamed to con
fess it,' and Mabel, sitting on a bencl
near him. 'Yu tiare not happy Mi
'What reason have you for think
ing 8o, Aits Mabel?'
'A woman's reason-because I
think so. You are not happy,- nor
will you ever be until you get' inter
ested in something.'
Ile looked up at Mabel so long
and earnestly that the color spread
all over her face, and her eyelid
'1 grow more and more interesteo
in something every day, Miss Mabel
but it seems to me that the mnore in
terested I become, the inure misera
ble I am.'
Suddenly sitting upright, he con
'Why have you avoided me thes(
few days past?'
'Did you notice that? Why, I'n
sorry but indeed you mustn't notic
what I do, as uncle says I take fin
'Then you mayv get married somi
day, out one of your' 'starts?' said Mr'
Mabel grew seriu3 instantly.
'No, Mr. Guerney, I s'hl nevei
'Now()~ never' mlin d ahlont me0. Yot
said1 you were iintreted-tell rm(
le leaned over and took her lhant
'Mabel, he said, after some biesi
tation, 'won't youL reconsider yo1ui
decision of a miomnent ag. ? 1 lov
you, Mabel? Don't y'ou thinik yoi
could ever love me enough to be m,
Mabel rose f'romn her seat am~
snatched her' hand from his clasp.
1101' hourm had come. IIer b)oson
heaved. iIer Iips t.rembled. Du
she was not going to let love contine
her. After to day Ilerbert wouLlt
never again think that all women
were the same.
Mr. Uuerney, I amn already ii
love, but I can never miarry. A bar
r'ier stands between mec and the mrat
Mabel then left hinm without giv
ing hima a chance to reply.
'Mabel, have you noticed all th
telegrams that camne for ilerbert ti
afternoonxi' said Ellis, when Mab<
came down from her room at duel,
'No, I have not been about.'
'Bad news for poor' Ierbert, Mn
bel. Every penny heo was worthl i
'Thank hleaven!' burst from Mn
bel's lips, and her face grew rosy an
She made(1 heri way ait once to lIlea
bertL's room. JThe door stood ajal
and looking in, she saw, him sittin
with his head bowed upon1 the Labb
Mr'. GlierneV-Irwrf .-and ich
> laid her hand upon his edr
i ani glad your fortune bas bew swept
lie looked up at her in, bowAdiera
1 'I am'oung and strong, and used
to working here at home. I will go
I out in the world with you and help
- you to amass another fortune.
Herbert jumped up and clasped
her wildly to his bosom, scarcely be
r lioving that lie was not dreaming.
s 'Ilerbert' said Mabel, clinging to
him 'you are tlie mati f love, atid
y your fortune was the barrier that
stood between us.'
And hiding her face on his bos
1om, Mabe told him of the conversa.
tion she had overheard-how he had
said t hat a man of wealth' otrild- have
any woman-for the trouble oftael'iing
'And to show you how inconsist
ont my argument was, darling if Ellis
lhad only mentioned your name,, I
would have had to confess that I did
think them all th same, for I believ-r
ed in y on a week- ago as much as I
- do to day.'
Mabel was bappy. Nor was it
necessary for her to help ferbert to
amass another fortune. Th'e one he
- had was not all swept away, as was
supposed at first. There was quite
enough left to keep Mr. Guerney and
his wife very comfortably.
DEATI oF BLL AnP.-The Forti
W or th (Texas) Democrat says:- "Bill
Arp, late of Georgia, the man who
furnished the witticisms and odd
saying which Chas. H. Smith, pre
pared and published sone years ago,
was accidentally killed near this
place (Decatur Tex.) "Monday, Maret
5th. le fell from a wagon loaded
witlh corn, the wheels passing over
his neck, killing him instantly. Wlibn
be left home in the morning lie fold
his family he would never again be
perimitted to enter tho house alive;.
and, strange to say, he was withi-n
fifty yards of the house, ofe his re
turn, when the sad accident occur
red, which terminated so fatally. He
was a remarkable man, replete i'ith
original ideas and witty sayings. He.
rarely over spoke without saying
"Do you thir4k your father' ii going
to move out soon?" inquired th.e own
or' of a rented house of the son of his
tenant. "Reckon so," was the reply.
"We've begun using the window
frames for tire'wood."
The Scranton Times has a conun
drum. It says: "Chamberlain ir1-,
sists tlhat lhe leaves South Garolina
pennliless. Would it be impertinent
t o inquire which way be means thatP'
,Mr. llayes,says the Chicago Tinres
has disappointed the hopes of the
m ien who nominated and elected
him. And this is the highest cos
pliment that bas been paid Mr. Hay
es in many a day.
.C -ngresman Money, of MississtIp,
pi1, thinks that the Democrats are ex.
pqeting altogether too much from a
Repumbl ican ad ministration-that is,
they are asking for too man'y per..
1 Some of the organs have a e
cause of alarm. They see Governor
,Ialampton looming up as a Presiden
tIal candidate in 1880, and be is not
e the kind of man to be swindled onS
s of an elections
:I It is suggested that if the Presi
.dent would invite Packard to lunch
it might have as soothing an effect ott
Sthme Louisiana claimants as'it did on
The cotton blanket, quito' comnmoil
in) France and Germany, is made by
3 only one mill in thme ited States,
the Eagle and PhoniPx, at ColumnbuU,
Congresman~ Sayler,~ of Ohio, who
R is a candidate for Speaker; does not
"- think the Republicauns will capture