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DEVOTBD TO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND 'O TIB GIINRAL INTEREST O TH2 0OUNTRT.
VOL. VI. . PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, MAY 24, 1877 NO. 37
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FOR THE PICKENs SENTINEL.
Air.-" Shout the Battle Cry of Free,
With Hampton for our leader we marched
into the fight,
To try to whip the Radicals and battle for our
Cnoaus-Old Chamberlain with all his hosts
can govern us no more;
Shout forth the battle cry for freedom,
We want an honest government as in days of
Shout the battle cry of freedom.
The Radicals were cunning as by their acts
But Hampton by his honesty their schemes
The Aight was at the ballot box and there we
gained the day,
But still, the filthy bugbears tried to throw
our votes away.
but Hampton went to Washington and made
the matter known,
And then Old "Dan" Chamberlain was left to
he though that guns and bayonets would give
9 us all a fright,
but soon he found that Hampton was con
tending for his rights.
Hie found his fatten governmnent he never
While those who Went for Hampton was of
80 then he had to leave tas and thottght he'd
write his will,
Btin stepped Golernor Perry and *rote the
And now the question's settled with ilanip,
ton at our head,
We'll go to work in earnest for justice and
a for bread.
Republicans or Democrats we do not eare a
13Mi what we want is honest men to make an
We cordialy invite them to lay their weapons
And help to bring Carolina back to her old
And now may God assist us to work with one
TQ nobly do our duty and reap a rich reward.
CHonus-.Old Chamberlan with all his hosts
9 can govern us no more,
Shout forth the battle cry of freedom,
We'll have an honest government inst like
we had before,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom.
T, W. T.
The old hymn, "Rock of ages cleft
for me," was written by the Rev.
Augustus Montague Toplady about
one hundred years ago. During
these hundred years it has found its
way into almost every land and ever'y
tongue. Some time ago an Ameri
can clergyman attended an American
churph in Constantinople, and beard
a hymn which in a foreign tongue
seemed to produce a powerful im
pression upon the congregation. As
he left thegouse what was his suir
prise to learn that this affecting hymn
was none other than "Rock of ages
cleft for me."
The old Federal Party was not re
pudiated by the people of the United
States on account of the war of 1812.
But because of its policy of consolida
tion, manifested in the alien and sedi
tion laws, it was overthrown by the
Democratic party in the election of
Mr. Jefferson to the Presidency in
the year 1800. It died in conse
quence of the disapproval of its prin.
ciples by the great body of the peo
Nor did the Whig Party, the lin
eal successor of the Federal Party
fall on account of its opposition to the
Mexican war. After the war Gener.
al Taylor, a Whig, was elected to the
Presidency and called around him
in his Cabinet leading Whigs of the
country, with Daniel Webster at
their head. What throw the Whig
Party out of power was the same
cause which had defeated its predes
cessor in 1800-its policy of consoli
There cannot, we think, be a doubt
that the cause of the rise and success
of the Democratic Party was simply
its political principles; and that the
downfall of the Federal and Whig
party was due to the fact that the
people eschewed those principles.
What, then, were the principles of
these two parties?
Those of the Democratic Party
made the General Governinent one of
restraints or power. The principles
of the Federal or Whig Party virtus
ally made it a government of unre
strained power. The Democratic
Party maintained that the limitations
on powers, conferred on the Federal
Government, contained in the Con
stitution should be observed. The
Federalists contended for construe
tive powers, which virtually sponged
out the limitations of the Constitution
and thus would make the Govern
inent of the United States one of un
The course of the two parties,
touching various measures which
came u p in the history of the country,
shows in practical app)lication. the
fundamental principles on which they
were organizedi. The Democratic
Party opposed the Alien Law aimed
against the rights of foreign born
citizens; and the Sedition Law strik,.
ing down the liberty of the Press in
its criticisms of the Federal adminis
tration; and the incorporation of an
overshadowing Bank of the United
States; and Tariffs laid by the Gener
al Government, not for Revenue only
but for the benefit of manufacturers;
and various other measurers. It
could find no warrant in the Consti
tution authorizing such measures6 of
legislation by Congless. The Feder
al or Whig par'ty admitted that they
saw no express warrant in the Con
stitutiotl, lbut claimed that the meass
ures were constitutional by construe
tion. The Democratic party replied
that if a construction of the Constitu
tion by a majority in Congres&e was
the criterion of the powers of the
General Government, then it must
be limitless in its powers. "The
general welfare" was its license; and
absolution its nature.
On these prmnciples, conslsting of
nothing short of constitutional gov
ernment or absolutism, these two
parties faced each other.
ThgDemnocratic party lost power
for tbie very reason the F'ederal and
Whig party had lost it-a portion
became consol idat ion ists. Demnocr at
ic Freesoilism and Squatter Sover
etgnty were the outgrowth of ran kest
consolidationism. Their constructive
constitutionality was so refined and
feeble that Whigs, even like Mr.
Seward, threw aside the Constitution
and rested the legality of such meas
ures on the "higher law." But the
clear majority of the p)eole, in the
Presidential election which in 1860
put Mr. Lincoln into the Presidency,
was opnosed to thn cnalidntion of
the wings of the Whig and Democrat.
ic parties together; for be was elec
ted by a decided minority. The
Democratio party, united, could have
elected any one it chose to the Pres.
Idency. But the South, which rested
on Democratic principles, not mere
spoils, would not support the portion
of the party at the North which had
The Democratic Party of the South
will affiliate with no party of consol
idation. Democratic or Republican
consolidation of the powers of gov
ernment in the hands of the central
government is despotiam; and free
government consists in the constitu
tional limitations on the authority of
the central government. We con
sider political liberty or political
slavery a vital matter. We have a
terrible experience of what a consoli
dated despotism at Washington is.
Its usurpations-its tyrannies and its
corruptions have burned their iron
into our souls.-Charleston Journal of
The accuracy of the following may
be relied on in all particulars. Two
ladies, sisters, had been for several
days in attendance upon their broth.
er, who was ill of a common sore
throat-severe, and protracted; but
not considered as attended with any
danger. At the same time, one of
them had borrowed a watch from a
lemale friend, in consequence of her
own being under repair. The watch
was one to which particular value
was attached, on account of family
associations; and some anxiety was
expressed that it migh t not meet with
any injury. The sisters were leep
ing together, in a room communi
cating with that of their brother,
when the elder of them awoke in a
state of great agitation; and having
aroused the other, told her that she
had a frightful dream. "I dreamt,"
she said, "that Mary's watch stopped;
and that, when I told you of the cir
cumstance, you relied, 'Much worse
than that has happened, for James's
breath has stopped alsol"'-nam ing
their brother who was ill. To quiet
her agitation, the younger sister im
mediately got up, and found the
brother sleeping quietly; and the
watch which had been carefully put
up in a drawer, going correctly. The
following night the very same dream
occurred, followed by similar agita
tion, which was again composed in the
same manner; the brother being again
found in a quiet sleep, and tbe watch
going well. On the following morn..
ig, soon after the family br.eakfast
ed, one of the sisters wgs sitting by
her brother, while tbo other was writ%
ing a note in the adjoining room.
When her note was ready for being
sealed, she was proceeding to take
out for th is purpose the wate;h al
luded to, which had been put by in
her writing desk, when she was ass
tonished to find it had stop)ped; and,
at the same instant she hoard a
scream of intense distress from her
sister in the other room. Their
brother, who had still been consid
ered as going on favorably, had been
seized with a sudden fit of suffoca.'
tion, and had just breathed his last.
"Do you know what bull-dosing
is?" asked a man of an old farmer.
"I thought I did said the granger,
"but the bull wasn't dozing; he was
only making believe, and being in
the middle of a forty acre field, I
naturally had to make p)retty quick
time to reach the fence ahead of
A man in Kentucky was found
dead with several bullet holes in his
head, and the astute jury summoned
to hold.an inquest returned a verdict
of "death from undue excitement."
Whby is the letter "s" like a lamb?
Because it is the beginning of 'aheep.'
IONDON, May 14.-The Russiai
claim that after capturing Mukhasl
on the 11th, they advanced two co
uwas against Khatzubani, on i
righs of Skidding River, and oi
against Centrizo, which they storm(
with a loss of 12 killed and 11
wounded, and with immense lonm
the Turks. The Turkish aocoui
claim a victory in the same locatio
The Turks were entrenched on Kbi
tubani heights, which are near Th
toum. The Russians, in passir
Bucharest, carry flags bearing ti
double Greek cross, which are on]
carried when the war is a religiot
one. The Danube, which has bee
very high, is falling. The Turkie
forces at Widdin are well prepare
for an attack from the Roumanian
which is daily expected. The Por
is anxious about arms and munitioi
still due from America, and ia re[
resented as angry with America fi
allowing the Russi%n squadron to r
main in American waters. T1
feeling against England is growic
bitter, the Turks thinking it she' ir
tends assisting them she should do i
on the Danube and in Asia. T1
Turkish vessels are taking soundinj
off Odessa. One only eacaped froi
the monitor sunk near Ibrail.
A Bucharest journal states that t
Turks have crossed the Danube
Oiochauesch, stolen 1,200 sheep at
killed a theppard and some cattle.
The Telegraph's special from BR
toum, Friday midnight, says: Abo
5 o'clock this morning the Russih
forces, which had beon largely aul
mented for the purpose, advatic
with batteries of field artillery ai
made a furious attack upon t
heights defending Batoum on t
land side, which were occupied
B&shi Bazouks. The Ottoman troo
were entrenched in the usual effi
tive mauiner upon the slopes and lei
ges of these hills, and upon the ai
vance of the enemy they opened i
his columns a terrible and well su~
tained fire of cannon and musketr
which literally mowed the Russia
down. They fell by scores and hui
dreds on the plain below the Turki
positions during their attempts
make their way against the fire.
body of Turkish horse and foot, ta
ing advantage of a thick forest, bro
forth upon the flank of the Rlussia
column and effected great slaughti
The Muscovites being upon gr'oui
p)erfectly openi, and having no clan
but to fight or fly, in a short tit
the spot which was the scene of tI
flank movement becanale diovered wi
dead and dying RLussianis. But t
enemy quickly brought up reinfer<
mente, and the bat tle was renew,
with much determination fot- tnal
houirs. The efforts of the assailar
were desperately maintained, but ti
ward midday their artilirry slacke&
ed and they withdrew.
Thme Russians deny , their repul
at Reni while attempting to cross t
Dannbe on the 9th. The Turki
war vessel complrted at Pesth has a
rived in the D)anube above Kalafi
and to cover her passage, which w
safely accomplished, the Turks bom
barded Kalafat furiously. Extensi
movements of Turkish cavalry we
observed from the Romianian side
the Danube. The '1rks threaten
bombard Simnitcha, cross and plmi
der the town.
A special to the Telegraph fro
Bucharest says: "In consequence
energetic British remonstrances, ti
Porte has given most satisfactory i
surances relative to the destruction
British shipping at Beket, and prom
ised full compensation."
The corresponden t of the Telegra1
describing the battle near Baton,
says: "1 myself was an eye witne
of this imp~ortant engagement fra
first to last, and can testifly that il
Ottoman soldiers behavod with
ga lantry which wAs most admirable.
Tey had, however, during a great
i part of the action, the advantage of
entrenchments en high ground, and
it is due to this- fact, no doubt, that
their losses, compared to those in
fieted upon the enemy, were Insig.,
d nifgcant." The same correspondent,
of Saturday's date, says the victory
was won by the extraordinary cour."
to age of the Bashi Bazouke. The dead
and wounded on the Russian side
wWl exceo, 4,000. The engagement
lasted over eight hours actual fighting
g The lost of the Russians did not with%
,e draw until near midnight. The Rua
y ians last many guns. The only
s Turkish officer of note killed is Kba,
lim Bey, Major of Irregulars.
The News says it is stated the Do.
d ver and Shorncliffe garrisons have
been medically inspected for fvroign
a A despatch to the News from Kis
cheneff says the Grand Duke Nichol
as and all the chief staff officials who
3 left here Sunday morning arrived at
ie 2 o'clock in the afternoon, and will
g proceed to Ploiesti immediately. The
whole headquarters of the staff will
'o be on the Danube in five or six
3 The Times correspondent at Pera
telegraphs as follows: An evidence
of the general condition to which ten
e days of incessent rain have reduced
i the Asiatic region, we need only to
read the intelligence from Bagdad
describing the flood which has over
whelmed both banks of the Tigress.
t A similar inundation is unknown
Ln since time immemorial-the river
~ having thrown ont a new branch
above Bagdad, which has completely
blockaded the city and swept away
he 200 houses in the village of Kiamf.
by The worst evil which the Russians
PS may bring upon us by their premas
ture invasion is cholera, which expo
sure to so inclement a season will
~ hardly fail to ,produce among their
Y, How Mad. HAtE8 LooNs.-Mrs.
138 Hayes is of medium height and
I- squarely built. Her head and fea
sh tures are large. So is her waist, and
to bet- hands and teet are in proportion.
A She. has a magnificeint stlit of hair.
k- It is so heavy and black, and is dres..
ke sed so smoothly, that in the daytime
mn it looks dark and predise in corntrast
sr. with her clear olive complexion, The
id most prominent feature of her face is
ce the mouth, which is large (the jaw is
me as broad as a man's) and conspicu
uis ously filled with str ong white teeth.
th The lips are particularly firni and
be full, with the jaw indicating decision
ie. of character and an ardent tempera
3d ment. The forehead is bt'oad and
y smooth, and the eyebrows are regu
Lts lar. The eyes are largw but deeply
)- 8et, and are of that peculiar gray
ia which does not mean a twilight depth
of blue, ors an asuire light ot gray.
so They are a decided gray, admitting
be of all the steel tints from that of cold
sh metal to the gleam and glitter of thie
tr- polished ore. In the glow of intense
it, feeling suc~h as animated her on in.
as auguration day and at her first pub
n,- lic reception, her eyes looked as black
ye as night, and they had a lustre such
re as is rarely seen. She made no ef
of fort to conceal her delight.-Cincin~.
to nati Oommeorcial.
The Bridgeport Standard says that
ma rumor has reached town that there
of is a trout up in the northern part of
e the county, and an expedition will
B. probably ho organizedl to capture
of him or wear the brooks out.
"' When is a candle like a tombstone?
Whben a woman puts it up for her
>h late husband.
88 Why is an old man's farm in Texas
m like the focus of a sun glass? B3ecause
eo it is the place where the sons raise
Taking D%n %he RoC
There lb altogethe, (9o U,
timentalism abroad nowadays abops,
whipping boys. In ancient days bug,
were soundly flogged, and they grew
ap into the men who laid the fon4.W
WIotin of the worldis aivilization. The
men who own our independene.
were all whipped at home and at
school when they were boya. Out
tellows who went out to Mexico and
walked through the hills of the Mon"
tezumas had all been spanked by
Lheir mothers, boxed by their pri
mary teachers and flogged by their
fathers and the teachers of their'
youth. Every man on either side in
Dmr civil war had felt the rod, there
is not a man In the country now over
thirty five who does not reamembe&
Yood old days of wholesome flogging
it school, and feel the better for the
liscipline that made him then smart.
[t is only these latterday young saints
vhose spirits cannot endure the rod.
Lhey are the high totid young bucks
wvho seize a ene so soon as they can
ook over a billiard table, who go into
bhe mint julep business on joint spe
Nlation with pocket money just
mufllcient to go halves on one julep
md two straws, wbd chd* tobaccd
is soon as they Cut their second teeth,
who torture their Infatit stomablis
with nican cigars, and, as they ap
proach manhood, go home on Satur
Jay night into the presence of theie
mothers and sisters as drunk as fools.
rhey are the same higU-spirited fei
lows who, when they, in the old age
of their young manhood, take to
themselves wivees being removed
from their mothers and sisters, make
themselves agreeable by frequently
going home drun1k, and making their
families economize for the benefit of
the high-toned fellows with whom
they run. It is all stuff and nonsened
about breaking the spirit of boys.
All that has ever been done in the
world has been accomplished by wert
who were flogged when they wera
boys. What the new sentimental
training is to do for the wtorid will
be left for time to reveal, but ao
person of any intelligence danh r6ard
the tenderly nurtured and tnildly
disciplined yattih coming up roud
us now, and sa~y that he discovers in
tbemi the eleuients of a greatness thaA
is to make the gi'andeur of the pasU
appear mean and little. Cromwell
and Nelson and Wellington and all
the heroes of English and A merican
history were vigorously strapp)ed at
school, and when the attention ot
their fond parents was called to the
occurrence, they lustily cried out to
Tutor Macduff to lay on, and be
hanged to him who first cried hold,
enough. Boy human nature has
not changed since the days of 801o04
mon, and spoiling the youth is as
much a consequence flow of sparing
the rod as in his day. Half the boya
of this generation would be improved
if they were soundly and regularly
trounced three times a week. They
might not all need it exactly at the
appointed tiane, but It would benefit
all by reminding them that there is
an authority paramount to their own
unbridled will, and it would make
them grow more law abiding, peace
observing, honest, sober and indus..
trious men than three fourths of them
now have any chance of ever being4
-Louisville Courier Journal4
It is a great thing to be an astron-.
omer and discover comets and such
but the man who keeps his flour bar
rel full and and his wood pile level
has a right to pat himself on the head
and feel proud. ____
Puck declares that Stanley, the ex
plorer, recently Bent a letter to a
friend, In which he stated that the
most beautiful place he has seen in
all his travels is Jzjzjzjzjz'z, on the
southerly shore of Lake Nyiyiyiyiya
"time works wonders," s the
woman said when she got married
after a thirteen year's courtsbip.'