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DEVOTRD TO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND O TH
vi. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY AUST1,8hNO4
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FOR THE PICKENS SENTINEL.
To the People of Pickens County.
Mu EDIrOR: The undersigned being
a line and a property owner on both
sides of the County line, and from
personal considerations,jbaving many
dear friends residing in your County,
and feeling a deep interest in your
welfare, would beg pardon for offer
ing a few suggestions in favor of the
adoption of the proposed stock law
Elections have been ordered, as we
understand, in three townships lying
along the County line, to wit: Gar
vinl, Salubrity and Pickonsville. On
the Anderson side a warm discussion
has been carried or. for a month or.
more, of the merits and demerits of
the plan of fencing the stock rather
than the crops. This discuc-sion has
driven the opposit'o: to the subter,
fuge of objecting to the details of the
present law, while they concede the
benefits of41e prop)osed change on
general principles. Thi'S is a great
point gained, and may be said to be
the capture of the first line of do
fence of the opposition. They c~annot
deny that it is better for the land
bolder and better for the renter, that
the stock should be fenced rather
than the crops. It is a great saving
*of both labor and timber, as less than
half the rails will fence the stock that
is required to fence the crops. And
then it is conceded that the stock
would. 1)e better off, for the expen.,
ses of every farmer that has tried it,
(and there are many such in iPickens8
SCounty) is in favor of fencing the
stock. Mr. Kennemnoro, one of our
best farmers near Easley Station has
tried it for a great number of years,
and would not think of changing to
the old plan. Mr. Blenajah Wil
liame, of Salubrity township, has
*also bad .considerable experience in
this matte,, and emphatically recomn
monds It to every body. These gen
tlemen are known to be our best
f'armners and most reliable gentlemen,
and their testimony is of groat value.
The same kind of pasturage which
ot sfock elip through the old fields
t is greatly improved by enclosure.
Mr. Kennemore first enclosed about
five Rcres, and afterwards increased
it to ten, with one cross fence. This
plan exactly meets the case, for lhe
can change his stock from one side
of the fence to the other, as may be
required. By stock raisers, it is es
' timated that one acre to every head
of cattle, and one acre to every fiye
head of hogs would be sufiicient.-..
Sheep can pasture with the cattle,
and old. farmer's say they browse on
whateapow leaves-so that the ex-.
* perience of the gentlemnen* named
above, with many others that migbt
be adduced, settles the point that it
is better for the stock to be enclosed.
'Then if it be a saving of labor and
.timber both, the renter and land-.
holder are alike in)terested in the
a proposed change. But will ite renter
I.e allowedto ha . f~ntg,U
cheaply as now? We answer unho'
sitatingly, yes. The proposed law
makes it obligatory on the landlord
to furnish pasturage for two head of
cattle to each field hand. This is
more for cattle than most rentevrs
wAl need, but they can substItute
hogs or sheep, or more of both. And
those renters who properly appreci
ate the necessities of the landlord in
this respect, from the scarcity of
timber, will excite in the hearts of
the landlord, a corresponding kind
feeling towards his intereats, which
will make their efforts reciprocal to
advanco as far as possible, each others
interests. This feeling of reciprocity
of interests, if properly cheerished by
both parties, has always in the past,
and will in the. future, result bene
ficiatlly to both parties. Pasturage
being assured to the renter on as
favorablo terms as before, then it
follows that it lie consults his own in
terests as well as that of the landlord,
they will vote jointly to fence the
But the objections ai e due to the
subterfuge of saying, that to fence
the stock instead of crops ic a good
thing, but we object to the law be
cause it was not passed as a State
law to cover the whole State, to go
into effect some definite time in the
future, one says next January, an
other says some five years hence,
givil)g the people time to make the
required changes. Let us analyze
this specious pretext a little. The
law as passed, leaves it with the
OoPle of each township, to adopt it
Or not, as suits their interests or con
veni,uce. These objectora say, dont
leave it to the peoi, but pass a
State law giving time for the people
to imike tLe necesarry changes.
This argument would do vcry well
if the condition of the people f the
different Counties of the State were
exactly alike. But such is not the
case. Take the County of Pickens
for an examplo. While the lower
half of the (ounty is just a- much
iterested in the proposed stcck law
as tihe peop1le of the tipper half of
Anderson, yet it may be safely pre
sumied that tile people of the upper
part of the County do not now need
such a law, and probabty may not
for many years to come, if ever.
They have a large excess of grazing
lands over arable lands, hence their
in terests would perhaps be bott er
subserved, by continuing ini force the
old fence laws. Would it not be
oppressiv'e to force upIonl these people
the adoption of a policy so antagon.
nistic to their interests, merely be%
cause the people ot other portions of
the County, or of other Counties, de.
manded auch a change in fur'therane
of their -own interests. And then
again along our coast lines there are
many countiees where grazing lanlds
and stock are tbeir most valuable
property, hence, they too, like the
mountaineers, do not need a law, in-.
deed, would be injured by it. And
thoen again, by submitting the ques
tion by townships to the people, every
section can consult its own interests,
and decide accordingly. If it shll
be found after the election, as in An
derson for instance, that a majority
of the townships are in favor of the
proposed law, but not all, thbe County
Commissioners cani await the meet
in)g of the Legislaturoe and change theo
law so as to fenice in the wvhole coimn,
ty. The opponents, of the mneas
uro could not consistently objoct to,
and then agali), as the law now
stands, townships voting for it, may
co-op)erate though in d ifferenit coun -
ties, in building line fences, and may
extend their township fences into
other townships andl take in land
holders alonig the township lines
whoe the landholders so desiro it.
As to the question of time, that can
be easily decided. Onie singlo reai.
5011 is ouigh for any body. It will
take less timte to enclose the stok ,
any farm than it will to repair fences
around crops. It will not be necos
Bary In all cases to remove outside
fences at first. Enclose you1 stock at
once, and then arrange at your leis
ure all other fencing. You will have
the next hundred yeaos to do it in.
Fellow citizens of Pickens: It is
reasonably certain that a majirity of
the poople of Anderson will vote for
the propesed stock law, and we earn.
estly invite the co-operation of the
friends of the measure in Pickens
County. By such co-operation the
expense of building the outside line
fences will be greatly lessened to the
people of both Counties, and there
by both sections be materially bene.
fitted.' From what I know of the
people of Pickens, we flatter our
selves that they will be in this case,
as in all their past history, not be.
hind the foremost in advancing the
great cause of agricultural reform
by fencing the stuck rather than the
We will relate one remarkable
incident in connection with the his
tory of the fence question or stock
law in Salubrity. township, which
makes a powerful appeal in behalf
of the law, to the gallant yeonany
of Pickens. In carrying around the
petition for signers for the election
in Salabrity township, it was ascor
tained that twenty-one widows had
affixed their signatures to the paper,
and every one of them warmly in
favor of the law. It, after that op..
peal, coming, for the most part from
widows of thoac whoso husbands fell
ii defence of our dearest rights; the
men of' Salubrity township do not
rally to their relief by voting for the
law, there will remain a stigma upon
their characters for gallantry not easily
wiped out. Yonng ladies watch
your sweethearts to see hom they
treat the widow's appeal.
T. 1I. RUSSET.L.
The Lessons of the Riots.
NO STANDING ARMY wANTE~D,
The Fmnancial and Co,mmiercial
Chronicle says: More erroneons still
is the inforence that this disturbance
proves the neceessity of having a
strong, centralized government and
large and permanent standing army.
The action of the last HIouse in re
fusin)g to recede from the disagree
mont which killed the army appro-,
ipriation is rather hotly denounced by
some newspapers, that seize the ocs
casion as one for making a political
"p)oint," and omit to blame the Sen
ate for its equal p)ersistence in the
disagreement. This shows, we are
gravely told, that tihe State govern..
ments are miserably inefficient, and
the only thing to be trusted is the
Federal power; without that the
whole country would at the mercy of
mobs; and hence they conclude that
this experience will or should lead to
thle permanent enlargement of the
army, so as to keep in reserve a sufli.
cient power to crush such outbreaks.
In part this is correct, and yet it so
riously wrong. It is historically true
that, in 1861, the country had nieith,
or' army nor navy, and had to imnpro
vise both thus increasing the duration
and cost of war; but if an army of
say 500,000 and a correspond ing navy
had boon maintained for twenty
years previous, there would have
been no saving. Upto 1863 riots
were local and trival; now, fourtee'i
years later, thormo is an especially
large one, induced by an event not
likely to be pairalloed in another con
tury; but, if it were liable to recur
ovcry twenty years, it is plaini that
keeping the standinlg army necessary
to striko imnmediately at any number
of p)oints of disturbance, wonld be a
very costly m11 thod of insurance,
and it would be cheaper to take the
chiances. Tfhe oconomry of the thing,9
hlowever', is neither the only nor the
most imp)lortant conisidoera' ion. The
stronig centralized governmuet--thu
heavy hand of power, always ready
and able to strike hard, and always
kept impending for that purpose-the
peacefullnees wieb consists in being
over awed by visible and constant
forco, rather than in the law,abiding
disposition of the people-these are
the things which have been threaton
ing us and aro what we need to es
cape, not to invite. When the coun
try will no longer hold together by
that disposition and by the respect
and fear felt for the law without a
visible monaco, it will not hold to..
gether at all. The single fact. is that
a standing army and a visible force,
such as exist in Europe a re contrary
to the essonco of Democratic govern
nient which is voluntariness and con
sent; we cannot have the '"atrong
government" talked of and keep the
kind we already have. Whether
what we now have is essentially good
and p,ractical; whether it is strong
enough to withstand strains and last;
whether it is on the whole be.ter
than sone form of monarchy and is
not undergoinlg process of Change, ar-O
indopondent qiestions with which
this has nothing to do. If we get the
government talked of it may be bet
ter than what we now have, or worse;
the point is, that it will not be the
same as we now have.
TIE MOB AND THE EMPIRR.
The Cincinnati Gazette says, "Be
hind the mob stalks the emirel"
11ow profound a nd philosophical and
historical this sounds13 Yet how
shallow in thonght, and how ignor
ant of philosophy, history and com1
1110) exp"ionce! What can "the
empire" do to prevent lab-ir arikes,
or mob viuleuco, or to protect prop
erty? Can it garrison every town
vith the iml-1peri. armly? 'T'lmat vonld
not do it. Can it picket the railr-old ?
It coild not protect thc-m agaiist n
peo)lo resolved to dustroy thom.
Under a demu"cracy or at) Cipire, tlu
peIc o society, and the safcty 0;
)erson8 and property, must rest on
the matss of' the people, and on the
influence of the class who, by intelli
gence, character and pro)perty,, are'
the natural leaders of society. When
these influences fail to protect society
no oenpire or Can3ar can do it. Then
industry p)roperty and society must
sink back to barbarism. In tis
city, and in every other to which
railroad troubles have extended, nine
men out of ten are on the side of law
and order; in the State together nine
teen out of twenty. WVhat pusillani
muity and childishness to talk of
the stalking of the empire in this!
With empire, still the common safe
ty would depend onl the people.
Wrhen) they become incapable the
empire cannot save themi.
THLE PE~OPLE WILL NOT TOLERATE IT.
The Now York Sun Bays: Now,
suppose the reliance in this contro
versy had been upon Federal troops,
as the centralists contend it should
be in such emergencies how large
an army would be nieeded? The res
cent disturbances, groat and small,
occurre.d in about 100 places, some
of themi being very serious. To have
promptly suppressed them would at
certain point6, have required a large
force. The averago numiber at the
several localitics ought to have been
at least a thousand soldiers. Theres
fore, to have met and mnastered this
outbreak would have r'equ irod about
100,000 soldiers; and, soon as we fall
back u poni regular troops for kooping
the peafce, w e must station thom
wherever an uproar is likely to occur
Moreover, we must have ab)out as
many more, to muau forts, guard the
frontiers and restrain the Iludians.
Thus~ wo shonid have n standing
army, in time of peace, of 200,000
metn, costitg $'200,000 ,000 a yeaur,
quar'tered in all the large towns8, and
con verting the n)at.ion inmto a mil itary
camp; and all obedient to om will at
WVashinvgtuu! The (cnta 1its may be~
assured that the neConint will nt to.L
orate any such extravagat dangerous
and monarchical scheme as this.
USE AND ABUSIE OF FRDERAL SOLIER'
The New York W.rld says: The
abuse of the Federal uniform to par.
tisan purposes dates far back of
Grantism, it must be remembered.
Grant nevor committed a grosser ont.
rago in the South to carry an election
than was committed in the North by
Piesident Lincoln when he sent Gen
eral Butler to New York in Novem
ber 1864, to take command ot this
city and overawe its voters in the
Presidential election of that year. It
is instructive to observe that the very
same demagogues who then, as pub.
lie officials, aided and abetted in this
scandalous abuse of the Federal pow,s
or are now loudly clamoring against
the legitimate nse of the Federal
power either to suppress domestic
lawlessness or to enforce the rights of
American citizens against a foreign
State. The South, which has Su ffere'l
most of late years from the illegal
interference of Federal troops with
its local affairs, has now been happily
restored to its proper place in the
system of the republic, and there can
be no doubt that it will unite with
the law abiding classes of the rest of
the Union in putting our Federal
establishments upon a proper and
LET THE STATES DO IT, NOT THE NATI-N.
The Lluisville Courier Journal
says. Instead of urging an increase
of the national army, it is perfectly
ovident that should every State pro
ceed at once to organize its ruilitia,
as in the States named by the Graph
ic, there will not be a particle of ne.
cesFity to work up an imperial army
uf regulars. In fact, the American
po >ple will endorse no journal which
advocates such a measure. They
dIon't want a large standing army, for
- bvions and historic reasons. There
is every evidence, however, that the
States are realizing the necessity of
por fecting their militia systems, and
if the idea is carried out the strike
will have perf.rmed one good oflice
cortaintly. There is no reason why
Kentncky, Inidiana, Illinios, Missouri
and other deficient States, should not
have as well seasoned soldiers, ready
for every emergeucy, as Now York
or Massachusetts. At present that
seems to be the notion in Kentucky,
anid we shall doubtless soon have an
JERSEY CITY,AUgUSt 4.-As an Ex.
prloss train on tho Now Jersoy South.
ern Railroad was hastening on the
above road to day, the Engineer saw
a little child on tbe track. HeT whis
tied down brakes, repeated tho signal,
and revorsed tho engine, but the mo
montum was too groat, and the child
too nenr. The Enginoer than sprang
from the train, and at the risk of his
life rushed forward and knocked the
child into the ditch by the side of the
road. It was severely bruised and
unconscious, but not dangerously hurt
when picked up. 1 h train backed
slowly to Cluster Burns' neighbor
hood, when the Conductor carried the
unconscious child to its mother, and
then resumed the journey. Tho3~ En
ginodr's namo is Bion. Scribnor.
lion. John Goodo, Ropresentative
in Congross from Virginia pronounces
as utterly untrue the statement which
has recontly appeared in several
newspapers, that ho had boon writing
letters to members of Congress asking
them to vote for him for Speaker. Ilo
has written to no membor on the sub-.
joct, except in reply to friends who
have requested him to become a can
Mrs. Irono A. V. House, who shot
her husband, Orson, the famous di..
vorco lawyer, at Lawrenco, N. J.,
Juno, 1870, and was acquitted, has
boon in the State JifLntic Asylum
since that tim, aund it is now stted
she is so much improved physically
anmd imnaly, that hopes arc entor,.
taiuned for her ultimate recover..
ftiary, Ter31 and Politics of the Gov.
enors of the bifeieut States.
Alaba.m.n, salary, $3,000, term of of..
fico A\vo yeaft, pottios, Domooratic;
Arkansas 8,500, four years, Domo.,
cratio; California 66,000, four years,
Democratic; Colorhdo -, two yearm,
Republican; Connoctiot $2,000, two
years, DomooraL;Delowaro $2,000, four
years, Democrat; Florida 88,500, four
years, Democrat; Georgia $4,000, four
years, Democrat; Illinois $6,000, four
years, Repulican; Indiana $3,000,
Lwo years, Domocmt; Iowa, $3,000,
two years, Republican; Xansas 08,000,
two years, Republican; Louisiana'
68,000, four yeas, Democrat; on,
tuky $5,000, four years, Domocrat;'
Maine $2,600, ono year, Republican;
Maryland 64,500, four years, Doma
Drat; Massachusetts $5,000, one year*
Republican; Michigan $1,000, one,
year, Republican; Minnosota 83,000,
wo years, Republican; Mississippi
14,000, four years, Democrat; Mis
souri 65,000, four years, Domocrat;
Nebraska $2,600, two years, Republi,
3an; Nevada $6,000 two year,, Do,
mocrat; New Hampshire, $1,000, ono
year, Dom; Now Jersey 65,000, threo
years, Democrat; New York $10,000,
Lwo years, Democrat; North Carolina
15,000, four years, Democrat; Ohio
14,000, two years, Republican; Ore%
;on 81,500, four years, Democrat;
Pennsylvania $10,000, three years.
Republican; Rhode Island $1,000, one
year, Republican; South Carolina
13,500, two years, Democrat; Tennes
iee $4,000 two years, Democrat; Toris
15,000, two years, Domocrat; Vor-.
mont $1,000, two years, Republican;
Virginia $5,000, four years, Demo
orat; West Virginia 82,700, four years,
Democrat; Wisconsin $5,000, two
By this table it will be seen that
of the thirty-eight Governors, twonty
five are Democratic, and thirtoon aro
Republican; two of them recoive ton
thousand dollar salary, one eight
thousand dollars, throo six thousan(d
dollars, eight five thousand dollars,
one four thousand five hundred dol,
lars, four four thousand dollars, throo
three thousand five hundred dollars,
live three thousand dollars, ono two
thousand seven hundred dollars, two
t,wo thousand fivo hundred dollars,
t,wo two thousand dollars, one one
thousand five hundred, while four get
Qfnly one thousand dollars each. Fif-.
teen of thoem hold the office for fotur
years, and three lor three yQars., fif..
teen for two years, and five for ono
Kfiled i?or tt Due Bill.
BRUN,SON, 8. 0., August 5 187.
A fatal shooting atiray took placo
here last night about dark, between
T. T. Gill and B. J. Martin, both
white and residents of this place
which resulted in the Instant death of
the latter. The circumstances that
cansed the difficulty were abont as
follows: Some time in the day Martina
and Gill had some words concerning
a due bill for some very small
amount which apparently passedl ofi'
satisfactorily to both partijes, But to
the surprise of the citizens, some time
after wards Martio repaired to Gill's
residence with a double barrell gun,
and entered his house searching
through the saine. Gill knowing the
character be had to deal with, escapa
ed through the back way with hbia
Martin, after a fruitless search,
started back to his own house, about
thirty steps distant. Before, how
over, reaching his gate bre sto< d h's
gun against the~ fence, and returned
a second time; it is supposed to hunt
for Gill again. Gill, meeting him on
the door steps, fired at bim with a
0olt's navy revolver, the ball going
throuigh Martin's heart. ie turned,
made a few stop. off, and fell. Gill
fired again, and thme shot took effect
in his back. Thme j6ry of ingnest is
now considering the matter. Gill
has fled to parts unknown. Martink
wvas a terror to all who wereo brought
in coutact with hfsu.