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DEVOTED TO POLITICSTIE GENERAL INTEREST OF TIE COUNTRY.
VOL. VII. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1877.N. N
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Govrnor Soott Interviewed.
A Sunday Jouin ial reporter, says
the T- ledo, Ohio, Sunday J urnal,
visited Napoleon on Thursday, where
he met ex-G-svernor Scott, 01 Sout b
Carolina. The Governor formerly
resided at Napoleon, fiom which
iace he tntered the army as Liet
te ant Colonel of the sixty eighith,
was protmot, d ti C.-lonel, and stubs -
quently to the rank of Btigidier
General. Ile was in charge of the
Freedman's Bureau in Su:hb Ciaruli
nIa, and atter reconstroic i-ini, was
twice elected Governt,r of that State,
where he hai sice rneided.
"Will, Governwr, said t lie report
er, you a e again back ainong yutir
old friends-I am glad to see you."
"Thatik you, replied the Goverinor.
It is a great plensuie to imeet iy old
acquaintances, most of whoi I be
lieve to be my triends. This climate
suits me uinch better dprting the hot
seaeon than Ihat of the Soil h. I have
alo e siderabLe property interest
here, which i equmire moure or less at
"I suppose, Governor, that you are
* ab.Ut p)repatred to make this phac'
your home again?"
"No, sir, Suath Carolina is my
home-it is tihe only home I have. I
like her people, and have idenutitien
my intere8s and myselt with them.
I have no intention ot removing "
"What have you to say of H1aye/'
'pL;icy,' and of the administ ration of
"Hayes has adopted the policy for
which I hoped and looked for ever
since 1870., 1 indicated that p. Iicy
in several public commnunicattio,tss and
addresses-tor instance in an address
a delivered at Jenmkenseville, o .the 4.h
of July, 1873; also in a letter t,
Lieutenant Governor GIleaves, in
1874, and you certaitly rememnber'
tihe address which I delivered at thi8
place in July, 1875, oil tha occasion
< f the, reunion) of my old regiment.
Don't you remember the little hell the
Radical Republicans raised about it
at the time? Here is what I said in
conclnaion: "Let us forget that there
has been a wvar. Let us obliterate
every evidence that remnaius of the
strife, and meet on a common plat-.
for m of truth and justice, with the
love of a c omnona country as a bond
of union, that, shall nnite us and our
prosperity for all future itme.'"
"A nd what of Hampton?"
"I have never had confi hence in a
goveu nmment largely con trolled by a
population just d isenthralled from
slaver.f' The persons to suICCes-fully
govern an intelligent people, stich as
ourar must the,melve be ed ucated
.and intelligent. The educated white
people of the South would have ob
tained control of the State govern..
monta long bei~ae this, had their
prejudices been less bitter and ti e
hatreisegrowig out of the War loss
intense, and had they adaV.o t..
etitfoio, and pursued tie policy
.wlich Hampton did last fall. The
poliev which Hayes has adopted will
return prosperity to the South; the
government of Hampton will inspire
confidence, as it will be honestly and
"What effect will this policy have
in the future upon the political or
ganizations of the South-will Dem
ocrats leave their organization and
jine the gang' withl StanlejI"
"I think not. There may be di
visions iii the Democratic party, but
they will be upon men, and purely
local-in national politics, or, rather,
in political organizations, Democrats
will iemain loyal to their party. It
is true that more charity, if I may
so call it, will be entertained for the
Republican party, and inore conti.
dence reposed in it; but the policy, as
it is c lIed, is in the South especially
regarded as the oi1spring of the Den
ocratic party, which party, aided by
conservative Ri!publicans, f)rced re
cognition from the adiministration,
The negro el-ment, the main support
of the Republic iml part%-, will be Irge
ly contr- lIed by the Democrats here
after, and the colored vote will be
cast more for men than for party.
Heret. fore the attachment and de
votion of that race to the Republi
cans was owing largely to the fear
entortained Ilhat the success of the
Democratic party would result in an
abt idgient of the rights of citizen
ship. The course of Hampton dis
pells thalt appreheiisiion. 1]amnpton
is h141nestly carrying out tle promises
whiebh Ie made during the campaicn).
ie has already aIppoinkted inure col
ored 1ile) 14) idlice Ihan were appoinlt
ed duiing tile entire two first years
that I was Governor, which were the
first of reconstruct ion.
"Ad what do you think wi'l be
the futtire of thie colored race in tho
"I thiik that that they will quietly
and p%.ceably eiijoy all civil rights
as gua anteed to all other cit izens. I
biElieve, h"wever, that an app)recia
ti< ni of their' own g 'od antd advantage
will gradually climinate them from
at least an active p artiipation in)
p.oli:ies. They are a race easily con
trolled. Labor is t heir field of' use.
tulnuess, andi they are especially suited
to to t he fields anid the climate of' the
South. It was a mistake to draw
Item jrotn i uently iinto partisanm pol
itico-theo white man (a fact whicit
mutst be conceded) being the suiperi
0! will never c umuetnt to be govert.ed
"It, as I understatid you, the eIcn
oct attic art y willI become str'onger' in
the S 'uth by acquisitions11 from tihe col'
"red vo e, what say you as to ant ex
C2onfedera e f>r the next President,
w ich will probably b>e urged by the
"I think ' hat thle poop)le of both
the Nortih and South could suppihort a
m:;n like Blami3ton with periect con
sistency, and w"ithout thle surretider
of a particle of principIle, and no
more c.noproi'lse of honor than a
On'federate makes in the support of
a Northeorn man. The causes wh ich
led to the war gecw out of our politi
cal systgi-the IIamiltonian and
Jeffersonian ideas of government
consolidation and State soverei&nty3,
State rights; in a word, IIamponi be.
hieves ill the teachings of Calhoun,
and that lie owed his first allegiance
to his State; the people of the South
believed otherwise, ard the conflict
catme. The disagreement has become
acc'rd. Before the outbreak, as
is well known, Hlamptona was a Union
man--ho is no~w ats lo)yal as any cits
izen in' the country, and if at the
htoad( of the governnmnt, would ad
mihnster its afifaire as honestly, as ably
and as faithtull as any statesman in
the North possit>ly c'tuld do. Look
itng att the country in tie light of the
recent strikes' it seems to me that the
most reliable cnarvativa men will
be found in the South. There the re
lation of capital and labor is best
understood, and the Imlost respect en
ter-tained for each other. The South
also possesses within herse t the
means of suppressing everything
tending to comimuiuisin. When the
f>lly of the government in' distran
chising citizens on account of their
l);itical opinions is fully appreciated.
then thei e will be nothing more to
prevent a Union soldier Vol ing for a
Confederate than there now is to re
st rain a Southerner from voting for a
man from the North."
"Excuse my curiosity, but what
have *you to say of the prosecutions
now pending against Moses and oth
"It is a delicte subject for me to
talk about. I consider the prosect
tione unwise. They aire the resilt of
the political complications growing
out of the war."
"Ilow with the Federal ofAcers in
"bTle Federal, especially the reve
nue officers, should be taken from the
natives. Many of the lower classess
have beon in the habit of distilling
their surplus stuck; they cannot be
made to uiderstand or appreciate the
revenue laws- they are like the Irish
and the English-and the Northern
men sent down there are more dis
posed to arrest and anmoy than to in
struct and benefit the revenu. The
Governi-,ent of the SouhI ii now sale
in the hands of those to whom it Iffo
perly bulunurs, and it will be timnch
nore honei ly ad:inistered than it
w11s by inre advenituiers from the
"Who, Governor, do you t1hink will
he the next United States Senar
Cor bin or Butler?"
"It is diflicult to say who will be
Svrnatoi; as to whom shoulid be, ihere
can be no question. Buler is t he
choice ot the Sothi. Thle pers-ms
who oomposed what was claimed to
be a Legislature, which elected Cor
bin, were never elected, and it has
been so declared. These places have
been supplied by others who hold
entirely different views. Butler wasG
elected by the Legislature of the
State, and is entitled to his seat if the
State is to be recognized."
"And w hat, Governior, (it you
think of the issues, as inade up in
"As I read your platforms, there is
but one issue-that is on .lbe financial
question. In that the Democrats
have decidedly the advantage."
A clergyman was annoyed by poo
plo talking and i.eiggling. l1e pausedi,
hooked ait the disturbers, and said: I
ama always afraid to reprove those
who misbehave, for this reason. Some
years since, as I wvas preachiing, a
young man who sat before me was
conistantly laughing, talking, and
making uncouth grim maccs. I pase
and administored a severe rebuke.
After the close of' the service a gen
tleman said to me: "Sir, you have
made a groat| mistake; that young
man was an idiot." Since then I
have always been afraid to reprove
those who misbehave themselves in
chapel, lest 1 should rep)eat that mis
take and reprovo another idiot."
During the rest of the service there
wvas good order.
Mr'. IIayes is glad to get back to
his old Ohio home in Fremont. It
is natural that he should sleep better
thiere than in Washington. lIe can
go to bed under the roof t,hat is his
by virtue of' uncle Birchard's wvill,
wvhile his only title to the White IHouse
is that signed by the dishonest pens
of J. Madison Wells and Joe Bradley.
Tfhe contrast must strike him forcibly
(luring hia4 stay in the Birchard home.
stead.-N. Y. Sun.
"Gracious me!" exclaimed a lady in
at witness box, "how should I know
anything about anything I dhon'L knowv
Mr. Hayes and the Survivors.
MARIETrA, Sept. 7.-In tho Na
tional Federal and Confederate Sur
vivors' Assembly to day, after an ad
dress of welcome by Mayor Paler,
President Hayes stepped forward
and was gi eeted wit h great cheers
and waving of handkerchuiefs. Ile
Ladies, Fellow-citizen3 and Sur
vivors of the great War: I wish that
I was prepared to speak suitably up
on this occasion. Aly friend, Mayor
Paliner, in his address iiiforms me
that in every speceh made at this
great niatitoal rention, encourage
ent has been given to that spirit of
fra'ernity, wvhicb it is tho desire of
those associated with mte in the Ad
ministration to do something during
(ur term of service to advance. We
do not in meeting the pbople pro
pose to discuss any of the great party
questions whieb divide the people
who ionors u.s witi their attention.
[Cheers.] We leave these to be dis4
cussed before the people by those
wlo may be appoinited by the res
pective parties to carry on those de
bates, but we do feel that if, in vis
iting() our fellow-citizens in different
States, we can add anything to
strengthen the sentiment alluded to
by the Mayor, it is riglht and proper
that we should do it. [Applause.]
All whlo are familiar with the history
of our11 country ihlow that. a huuldred
years ago, there w.s n Ni-11rth1 or
South, the tathers were one through.
out tihe whole country. Wahition
and ;!eff'rsoni wero side by side with
Frtido itnd Atmns. DaDuiui Mor.
gan and his Virgiiiants imarchecd
fromll Virii'tia to 11.sO; they were
at Saratoga, and~ Na:uhimtiel Gr'een
and his Continentals were ill the Car.
ojlinas. Tei w1ole conitry belonged
to the fliobers. It is to that FtIte ft
barnly. and of fraternal friChJbip'
that to desire 'ur country to return.
[1A voie: 'Good fir yoi,'and cheers
We at e for tihe Union as it is.
(Cheers ] We ar*e fr th le Cons! itui
tion as it is. [Che ere.] W it h all its
amend men's. [A voice: 'hat's it.
Great cheer! s.] We want the eitizents
of every St ate to feel at home an
every other State. [Amen and
cheers.] It a citizen of Vermont
travels to Georgia or Texas for buisi,
ness or pleasure. we want him to
feel ait home in those States. [Cheers]
It a citizen of Texas or Gieorgia trav
els .North, we want that citizen to
heel a t home eVery wher e throughorut
LIhe Uniton. Now, tiny friends, I do
not ~i op) se to de.tain you. 1 have
made a mu ich longer speecch alrtead
han I ini endeid w hen Ii entered your
tw, bt y oiui underistand the pur
pose. WVe inay make mistakes in
tmet hod, bitt the sent iment we would
enicourag(e is a setiintent of' nation
aility throughout the Union. [Ap
plaiuse.] .We all regoa d the serb ict
of that thu years'~ war, we re.gard
that period ot four years as the most
interestinig of our lives. We fo ught
thteni-those of 1us n ho were in t he
Union01 army-fought as we believed
to mnake this forever hereafter a
uan it ed peoplle-lore~i ver he ealter a
free people-and we rej, ice to day
to believe ti at t hose who were ais
ga ist us in t hat strugg~ole now~ are
with us on both of these questions,
and " ill forever remain w ith us on
both of thiese qutestions. [Cheers,
lontg and loud.]
The Piesidenat was followed by
Mr. Key, w ho alluded as uisual to his
p)ecuitar. po.i : i. n, and made a long
speech reviewing the history of the
conflict of op'i nion about slavery and
of thet conflict of am s which resulted
therefrom, deCldting fromi htis te
view thle concluisioni th.At neither side
shoul d har bor ill feelings toward t he
People learn wisdom from expe.
rience. A man never wvakes up his
P.nnonrd baby to see it lhugh.
Emigrants Advised to go South.
The New York Tribune gives edi
torial expression to the opinion that
there never was a better time than
the present for emigration to the
South. It says the conciliatory policy
of P'esident Hayes is fast remov
ing the remains of unreasonable pre.
j ud icc against Nortiernt men, and in
nearly all the Southern States a pub
lic opinion is springing up that fa
vors tle enlcou ragement of Northlern1
settlement. The Tribune thinks the
settler would do well to select a home
in one of the valleys of the Alle
gliany Mountain system, or in the
hilly country of the Piedmont re
gion, which lies ini a broad belt along
its base. This gives an ample range
for choice location, for it includes
portions of Virginia, North Caro
lina, Tennessee, Georgia and Ala
baia. The reasons for preferring
this section ate: (1) 1t is a fruif
country, where tihe apple, pear,
peaeh, grape and all kinds of berries
flouribh; (2) it is a grass country,
and no Northern farmer ever feels
at home in a region destitute-of gren
pastures; (i) all the roots and sn.all
grains are profitable crops, and it is,
therefore, well adapted to small
farming; (4) the country has good
water, good air, and a pleasing vat
riety of sconery. The best method
of e-i6gration would be for a few
Families to j"in in forming a colony,
buy onei or two large plantations and
divide 'lhe lund between thom. From
$2 to $10 will be the range of price
per ae. E-chl settler should have
a capital of a few hundred dollars to
cue.n101CO with. lis first payment
on his land need be bi,t small, and
long credit should be secured for the
sulbsequent paymctits, so that the
pr-olits can be applied for two or
thiee yeatrs to needed improvemons'
and to imnereasir.g the productiveness
1)f the soil.
In March last Mr. J. R)Sa, of
Spar'ta, Geotrgia, was murdetred. iIe
w as a grocer, doing a good business
in thle town, and( was known to have
hiad, about t he time of the act, a large
amoun t of monley, iIe was r'ash en
oug, in fact, to let plell know t his.
On ihe faital Saturmday night lie closed
his store as usual, and p)uttinlg a
smnall basket of' groce rics on his arm,
started for htomte. On tihe way lie
was att:acked by some p)ersons1 who
evidenitly snieakedl up behind him
anid slumgged, or, as 1professionals call
it, sand( b)agged him. IIlis skull was
crushied inl, and though lie was ntiu
entirely deadl(, lhe wa1s so par'al, zedl
hat he could not utter a word. All
that hie could do was3~ to p)oint to his
store key andl mlotilon to go theruie. It
was then iound that the hulk of' his
monzey had been left thler'e, and(
though thle muri tderer had - got ab)out
$140, a wat ch, anid a revolver, the
mo'st of thle spoil was untouched.
The muitrder' was tracked thIarough
several States to Canada. iIe was
theu tr acked to lie (heat London
Cirensi. Onl Frliday moini1 mg dectec
tive E. C. Murphy, of Atlanta, Ga,
madle apphlicat ion to Lieu t. Mor'se at
the Cent ral Station, this city, st ating
hat lie thought lie had his man.
Thme Lieutenant innneiidiately gave
himl the m equnired help, and the posse
re paired(. to the circus gron d oni
Super ior street, where the man wris
aL' ebtedl. 11 is name is J oh n Enin
wight, and he0 for mely Ii ved ini At
IantLa. iIe immtied iately weakened,
anid said he knew what his arrest
Two men) had previously been
trijed, and senlteniCed to life impr)tis
OnmeniCtt fot' thIis cr1imeC. A new tr'ial
has beenl grantted themil, and( it is
claimled that they are innoCent, and
thalt Einwright, if not tile guilty
party himsi~elf, can poi t the miurder-.
er' out .--Cleveland IIerald.
ISnbscribe for the a Ri'1er4
An Astounding Discovery.
WAsnINoTrON, Sept. O.-Governor
flampton went away from this city
without being able to secure any
Government arms for his State mili
tia. The critics who cried out at
llampton'r coming here to secure
arms for What they pleased to call
the Wihite League, will -have to
change their tone. When Uampton
made application it was thought that
his State was entitled to a large
tiumber of arms. The militia com
panies in his State are not able to
arm themselves; hence the applica
tion. On examination at the War
Department the astound fig discov
cry was made thatSouth Carolina has
already received an advanco of all
arms to which it is entitled for .forty
years to come. It was also discover
ed that this extraordinary issue of
aiirm came throngh Don Cameron,
who, at the instance of Honest John
Patterson, ran this load oi arms into
South Carolina for the use of the ne,
groes onIly. This was done last fali
when the Camerons and Chandlers
were crying out so loudly at the dan
gers arising from the presence of the
Vhite Leaguers in South Carolina.
This when the negroes had twenty
stands of arms to one for the whites.
Besides this great issue of arms, it
will be remembered that a large
body of troops was ordered into
South Carolina. Everything was
done that could be done here to pre
cipitate a color line fight, but the pa.
tience and eolness (,f Governor
Iampton and his peoplo frustrated
this well laid plan. Gov. Hampton
goes back without any arms for his
State, but he is sa!isfied with the
reason, as it will ielp Oxplain to tbe
public the extreme means adopted
hast fall by the Administration peo
ple toward the bonth.
The Democratic policy of rei
trenchment so strenously enforced by
the last ilouse of Representatives was
bitterly opposed by the whole power
of the Senate and the Gi ant Adin
ustration. The Radical journals and
81peaker's ridicnled it as sham econ,
omny, and said that the close of the
fiscal year would show that the Dem.
ocratic policy would not result in real
economy. Now that these reports
are p)ublished, is t lie proper time to
test their prophesies. Applying the
test, we find that although custom re.
ceipts have fallen off $17,000,000 as
comnpared with the lowecst year of the
last twelve, the decrease in net ordi
nary ex pend itures of the Government
bince 1863 is $139,0000,000. Had
the Democrats of the llouse been
able to carry out fully their policy of
retrenchment, the resnlt would have
been mxuch more favorable.
The funeral of' M Thiera took place
yesterdlay, anid all that was mortal of
the great French statetman was laid
bueneathi the dust of Pere la Chaise.
T"er was an immense concourse
presenit, and the authorities had to
take every preccaution to prevent a
(list urbance, The route of the funer
al procession was twvo leagueB in
length, and thisa was densely crowded
with Parisims and p)eople from the
provinces, who braved a fearful
storm of rain. The shops were gen
erally closed, and bore upon them
the wvorde "National Mourning." The
flag on thme State Department at
Washington was at half mast in hone
or of the illustrious dead.'
In Florida the cotton crop is re
ported two weeks later than lastyear.
In Georgia it is ten to fifteen days
late, but will yield a faxir average.
A Chicago lecturer asserted thafdho
success of America was duo to flVe
great powers-the parlor, press, pul
pit, politics and police.
GOOD A DVIE-Pay for your paoj e